Viewing papers 1-18 of 18 for emergency AND response AND to AND domestic AND terrorism: AND oklahoma AND city

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Oklahoma City Bombing Term Paper

… Oklahoma City Bombing and Emergency Preparedness

On April 19, 1995, at 9:02 A.M., people in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, were going about their daily workday routines; car pools, day care, school, babysitters, jobs; the things that most people, at least most Americans, do everyday of their working weekly life. However, on this particular day the residents and surrounding communities of Oklahoma City, especially those families whose loved ones worked in the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, or whose children were cared for in the daycare housed in the building. Later that day, a stunned nation watched on television as rescue workers struggled to work their way through the debris of what had once stood as a federal government building, and, in the aftermath of Ryder truck…. [read more]

Emergency Response to Domestic Terrorism: Oklahoma City Thesis

… Emergency Response to Domestic Terrorism: Oklahoma City Alfred P. Murrah Building Attack

Impact of Terrorist Attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Building on Emergency Responses

Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, many observers suggested that "nothing would ever be the same again," but for the citizens of Oklahoma City, things had already changed in substantive ways years earlier on April 19, 1995 after Timothy McVeigh detonated an enormous ammonium nitrate bomb contained in a Ryder rent-a-truck in front on the Alfred P. Murrah Building, killing 168 people and injuring scores more. Not surprisingly, the initial emergency response to this event, which was the most deadly domestic terrorist attack in the nation's history at the time, was quick but largely uncoordinated, and rescue efforts…. [read more]

American Terrorism for Many People Research Paper

… American Terrorism

For many people, terrorism was first brought to their attention after the events surrounding September 11th. As they were quickly made aware of the underlying threats that these groups can be. However, the last several years have seen a shift in tactics. As many organizations are focused on conducting domestic terrorism. This has caused the number of incidents to increase dramatically. In this research project, we examine the impact that domestic terrorism is having on the nation. As we are looking at how the overall threat has become so severe, that there needs to be a change in this strategy. This will improve the reader's understanding of the threat, through knowing the way this kind of terrorism is: increasing the risks and how…. [read more]

Sar Teams That Responded to the Oklahoma Essay

… ¶ … SAR teams that responded to the Oklahoma City attack perpetrated by Timothy McVeigh. The second question pertains to Hurricane Katrina and the NRP/NRF responses. The final question deals with key players relative to the NIMS process.

OKC SAR Response

The official report issued by Oklahoma had a "lessons learned" section and part of that section related directly to the response and recovery operations that ensued after the bombing. Issue 1 of that section was very striking. Due to the chaos and the overloading of networks such as those from cell phones, the overall communication abilities of the SAR teams was very limited to nothing. The fact that these teams were ostensibly relying on civilian communication arrays is fairly jaw-dropping but not surprising given…. [read more]

Causes of Domestic Terrorism Advocates Research Paper

… In a study (Jack & Hoffman, 1992) to analyze how agencies below the federal level identify threats of terrorism and use anti and counter-terrorism programs as a tool, three jurisdictions were surveyed. State law enforcement agencies, organizations with emergency preparedness responsibilities and statewide authority, and local law enforcement agencies; municipal police and sheriff departments.

The survey consisted of questions pertaining to contingency plans, guide books, special terrorism training, level of communication among the different agencies, and the existence of special terrorism units within the agencies. The survey questioned the threat assessment, whether the agencies had identified right-wing, left-wing, international, or special-issue terrorist groups within their jurisdiction and how many incidents were attributed to each individual or group.

Each selected agency received three mailings to include…. [read more]

2011 Norway Attacks Effectiveness of the Response Essay

… ¶ … 2011 Norway attacks

Effectiveness of the response of the Police response in conjunction with emergency services and other key stakeholders

Flawed communication system

Bureaucratic failings as a source of security risk

Weaknesses in the police information sharing system

Effectiveness of the police and other stakeholders

The command challenges this event presented

Operational opportunities that arose from the event

The 2011 Norway attacks at Oslo and Utoya Island that left 77 dead indicated heightened expectations of police leadership and response to terrorist attack in the post 9/11 era (NOU,2012). The global community is living at a time when lack of communication and coordination coupled with the lack of police leadership standards can lead to an unprecedented loss of lives through acts of terrorism or…. [read more]

International Terrorism and Homeland Security Term Paper

… International Terrorism and Homeland Security

It is a basic principle of government, even in democracies, that when a country faces great danger, it may be necessary to curb some personal liberties to ensure the safety of the country. This has especially been true during times of war. The difficulty has always been that the government may be tempted to go too far. One example of the United States making that mistake would be when they interred nearly all Japanese-Americans living in the United States during World War II. While some may have actually been spies or saboteurs for Japan, the great majority were loyal Americans angry at their country of origin. By today's standards, this event is viewed as going much too far to secure…. [read more]

Terrorism Term Paper

… 6. All types of hazard planning have similar core concepts. At its core, hazard planning utilizes mitigation techniques to "alleviate or eliminate risks to life and property from natural or man-made hazard events." Different methods may include land use regulations (to prevent flooding and other natural disasters), building codes, eventuality planning (especially with regard to key infrastructure facilities), as well as taking steps to "reduce exposure to liabilities, and minimize disruptions to the community."

7. Two considerations that should be considered in biological incidents include the assessment of the event (determining just what occurred and what biological agent is involved), and scene control (establishing a perimeter to prevent the spread of the contamination as well as determining a point from which decontamination and/or treatment can…. [read more]

Local Team Response Communication Hitches Essay

… Local Team Response

Communication hitches in the Oklahoma City bombing

At 9:02 A.M., Wednesday, April 19, 1995 Oklahoma city became a victim of terrorist attack. This took place at the Alfred P. Murrah building which housed several government agencies as well as a good number of visitors (the Oklahoma Department of Civil Emergency Management, 1995).

There were several issues that came up as to contributing to the inefficiencies that were experienced during the search and rescue process. One of the central issues was the communication aspect. This paper looks at the communication issues that plagued the search and rescue (SAR) teams that responded to the incident.

The first problem that was noted was the difficulty in passing information from one SAR to another. It is…. [read more]

Foreign and Domestic Intelligence Term Paper

… Foreign and Domestic Intelligence

The intelligence system of the United States is the most capable one assembled in the history of man. This intelligence community (IC) has undergone reforms since 2005 after President Bush signed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act. However, transformations of analytical initiatives have constantly reduced the barriers between individuals and organizations across the IC and have prioritized missions effectively. A window of opportunity was evident in the 1990s that reexamined the existing structures and processes of intelligence. Emphasis for the intelligence community included, downsizing, streamlining, and consolidating, which forced them to prioritize on resources scarce to the environment. Members of Congress, think-tank analysts, and executive branch senior officials are a community growing interest of the U.S. government organization on how…. [read more]

Airport Security Policies Few Events Term Paper

… Previously many airlines and airports had contracted their baggage scanner clerks. Since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, federal employees became the scanners. Also, many items that passed through scanners in the past such as tweezers and small knives are no longer allowed through security. In addition, technology measures such as face scans, fingerprinting, and retinal scans have been discussed and implemented, as has the notion of establishing a national identification card. While there are concerns about whether such measures invade upon citizens' privacy rights, the improvement in airport security policies since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks appears to outweigh any such concerns.


The primary source referenced for this section was…. [read more]

Managing Homeland Security Essay

… Managing Homeland Security

You were recently selected as the Emergency Management Coordinator for a medium-sized city. Your position didn't exist in that city before you came along. You have been asked to submit a couple page write up for the city's quarterly newsletter to explain just what emergency management is and what the function of the coordinator is. Draft a two-page explanation of what it is that you will be doing for the fair citizens of your community. )

Emergency management in general is a program or plan that coordinates efforts of all available agencies and individuals to ensure that a community is capable of responding to and possibly preventing disasters that may occur in the wake of natural or man made disasters: floods, fires,…. [read more]

Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]

World Poor Thesis

… ¶ … aloud or in writing, making the reflective report exercise a valuable addition to the learning process. This reflective report recounts the events that took place during the research process for the study, "Identifying Marketing Opportunities to Combat Global Poverty," including a recollection of individual experiences, the personal feeling and learning that were experienced, as well as the group dynamics and learning that were derived from the experience. A review of lessons learned that can be used in future projects is followed by a summary of the reflective report entries in the conclusion.

Recollection of Experiences

Perhaps the overriding perception that emerged during the earliest phases of the research process concerned the extent of the problem of global poverty and how it affected the…. [read more]

Homeland Defense Term Paper

… Homeland Defense

Agency Identification: In this paper, the three agencies selected for their involvement in Homeland Defense at the federal, state which is NY and local which is NYPD level are Federal Emergency Management Agency -- FEMA at the federal level, Citywide Incident Management System -- CIMS at the state which is NY level and New York Police Department -- NYPD at the local level.

FEMA (a) Jurisdiction: FEMA:- FEMA stands for Federal Emergency Management Agency which is a part of Department of Homeland's Security -- DHS Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate. (About FEMA) b) Size: The workforce of FEMA consists of more than 2,600 employees working full-time at their headquarters in Washington D.C., and also at the regional and area offices throughout the country,…. [read more]

Securing Government Facilities from Terror Attacks Research Paper

… , 2014). It details the functions of an asset, which an attacker could exploit. The impact of the loss is also determined, which provides the degree to which an attack would impair the building. In the Pentagon building, vulnerability assessment would assist in designing the required corrective measures against any possible terrorist attacks. Vulnerabilities include a deficiency in protection systems, security, process systems, building constructions, and loss of prevention programs.
The vulnerability assessment entails planning the resources required during the process, assessing the structure site, preparing of the building assortment and determining the Pentagon house's vulnerability rating. For instance, using the elements of CARVER to determine the vulnerability of the Pentagon building has the following findings (Paton, 2013).'On criticality, an attacked within the building can…. [read more]

Justification Thesis

… 35).

Research questions that address those purposes

What are considered the five most successful and five least successful multi-agency (federal, state, local government and civilian) disaster response collaborations where the lead agency was federal, particularly surrounding but not limited to cases of ground or drinking water contamination (including floods; toxic chemical spills; and the like) since 2005? By what criteria were the disaster mitigation responses evaluated and what similarities and differences do these evaluations reflect, that may be combined into a uniform disaster preparedness 'failure prevention' schema? 'Who or what to be studied' includes federal lead agencies in collaborative disaster response. 'Concepts and variables' will be performance evaluation criteria.

Rationale supporting this position

Congress severely chastised FEMA and Texas HUD for their handling of Katrina…. [read more]

No-Fault Compensation in UK Medical Malpractice Thesis

… 2 The survey tried to quantify the frequency and/or severity of adverse effects through a population sampling experienced as a result of their medical treatment. The respondent sample consisted of 3638 men and 4568 women, or a total population of 8,206.

395, or 4.8% (4.8 in every 100) patients felt that they had suffered some illness, injury or impairment, which directly resulted from their medical treatment or care. This figure is slightly higher than the estimates derived using the methodology from the Harvard Medical Malpractice Study, which estimated that 3.7 in every 100 patients suffered "adverse effect." The report noted that the proportion responding "positively declined with increasing age and was inversely associated with social grade." Further, the report stated, "there was…. [read more]

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