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Treatment for Emergency Medical Conditions Research Paper

… [Doug Laube, MD, Former President, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists], (American College of Nurse-Midwives, 2012, p.1) It is reported as well that average costs for "…vaginal birth are approximately 50% lower than those for cesarean birth." (American College of Nurse-Midwives, 2012, p.1)) It is reported that the Office o technology Assessment analyzed nurse practitioner and nurse midwife practice at two different points in time and found that they provided medical care that was equivalent to or exceeded physician care at lower total cost." (American College of Nurse-Midwives, 2012, p.1)) Other options have been researched in this study as well including the legislation of alternative emergency treatment for women in labor and delivery and termination of labor and delivery services at the medical facility in…. [read more]

Emergency the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Case Study

… On May 6, the CDC announced that testing kits would be available for all states. This is expected to generate an increase in the number of confirmed cases as more states begin doing their own tests. The influx of testing kits in Tennessee will help the medical practitioners diagnose common flu and H1N1 flu and accord the affected patients the appropriate medication required. This in addition will help the medical practitioners differentiate for the public the symptoms of H1N1 and of other common influenzas.

Recommendations for Schools

Initially the state government had issued a recommendation that schools close for as long as two weeks if a student catches swine flu. Some school districts closed all schools if a single child was classified as probable. This…. [read more]

Emergency Management: Do's and Don'ts of the Recovery Process Essay

… Phases of Disaster Management

Prevention-Mitigation: prevention encompasses all actions taken to reduce the likelihood that an unfavorable event will occur, whereas mitigation covers those actions aimed at reducing the extent of damage or loss resulting from the unlikely occurrence of a disaster (Cornell University, 2014). Fitting fire extinguishers into a building is an example of an action of mitigation; avoiding flood-prone areas during the rainy season qualifies as a prevention measure.

Preparedness: this incorporates all procedures and plans to minimize damage and save lives when a disaster occurs - by ensuring that emergency personnel are, for instance, properly-trained to offer the most adequate response.

Response: this phase covers all the activities that address the direct, short-term effects of a disaster. Response activities include investigating the…. [read more]

Emergency Room Overcrowding Essay

… Emergency Room Overcrowding

This is a template and guideline. Please do not use as a final turn-in paper.

There is little doubt that patient boarding -- holding patients in the emergency department (ED) after they are ready to be admitted to in-patient care -- is the main cause of emergency room overcrowding in hospitals in this country. An overwhelming base of knowledge and research indicates the long-held myth that indigent patients are the cause of the almost catastrophic problem of ED overcrowding is based on opinion and perception but not fact.

Actually, the increase in ED patronage is due to middle-income people who already have some source of health care. This has important repercussions for President Obama's emphasis on passing universal health care because it…. [read more]

Emergency Management Research Paper

… Emergency Management


Emergency management has come to the forefront with such catastrophic events as 9-1-1 and Hurricane Katrina. Most recently, we have been bombarded with news regarding the oil spill in the gulf. Disasters are bound to happen. Some are man-made and some disasters are natural. Many times we cannot foresee when a disaster will happen which is why emergency management is important. Some use the term disaster management interchangeably with emergency management and both terms mean the same thing. Emergency management deals with planning for disasters and is usually proactive in nature. If disasters such as hurricanes, floods, terrorist threats and others are carefully planned for in advance, then the response and recovery of these disasters can be minimized. The four phases of…. [read more]

Emergency, Planning and Operations Methodology Term Paper

… Furthermore, each ESF section corresponds to a similar section of FEMA's structure. Robertson explains that community participants and COG "were careful to devise an all-hazards emergency plan that can be used during emergencies like the tornadoes that ravaged several suburban Maryland towns in 2002" (Robertson 2003).

In such emergencies, the American Red Cross would play a vital role, due to the fact that it is a first respondent to more than 67,000 disasters each year, including "hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, tornadoes, hazardous materials spills, transportation accidents, explosions, and other natural and man-made disasters" (,1082,0_319_,00.html).

The regional evacuation plan includes what is referred to as 'sheltering in place' and for bringing into a region the essential materials and resources (Robertson 2003).

According to transportation planners, the type…. [read more]

Emergency Response to Domestic Terrorism: Oklahoma City Thesis

… Emergency Response to Domestic Terrorism: Oklahoma City Alfred P. Murrah Building Attack

Impact of Terrorist Attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Building on Emergency Responses

Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, many observers suggested that "nothing would ever be the same again," but for the citizens of Oklahoma City, things had already changed in substantive ways years earlier on April 19, 1995 after Timothy McVeigh detonated an enormous ammonium nitrate bomb contained in a Ryder rent-a-truck in front on the Alfred P. Murrah Building, killing 168 people and injuring scores more. Not surprisingly, the initial emergency response to this event, which was the most deadly domestic terrorist attack in the nation's history at the time, was quick but largely uncoordinated, and rescue efforts…. [read more]

GIS: Emergency, Planning and Operations Term Paper

… In certain circumstances for example, an IC may need to be dictatorial or authoritative, and the GIS should allow the IC to conduct business in this fashion. This may be the case in a smaller scale disaster where most of the decision making will remain in the hands of the IC. However, the GIS needs to respond to different decision making styles, so that if the commander needed to delegate, he/she could put people in charge of decisions and make things happen. The GIS will be most accommodating and useful if it will change based on who is using it and who they are working with.


European Commission. (2003). "Guidelines for Best Practice User Interface GIS." ESPRIT/ESSI, European Commission. Retrieved November 22, 2003,…. [read more]

Emergency Planning Hazard Potential Grid Term Paper

… Fire trucks can't get to fires, and ambulances sometimes cannot respond to emergency calls. Hospitals are understaffed because employees have no way to get there.

Risk of Cascade Effect:

An earthquake could lead to flooding because of damage to dikes, levees and locks. If that happened, there would be little warning.


Agency providing assistance



Com- munity



A sector








1. Direction and Control: Local law enforcement agencies, State Highway Patrol and National Guard. All have been used in the past (blizzard, heat wave). Lines of communication for quick implementation when needed have already been established.

2. Communications: In the past, short-wave radio and citizen band (CB) radio were used in a kludged-together attempt to…. [read more]

Emergency Situation vs. Hospital Protocols: Does the Good Samaritan Law Apply? Essay

… Cathy A. Klein (MSN, MSEd, APN) writes in the peer-reviewed journal the Nurse Practitioner that it is not likely that any Board of Nursing would discipline a nurse practitioner for "…doing what is necessary for the best interest of the patient in the disaster situation when adequate resources and qualified staff are unavailable" (Klein, 2006, 56). Klein goes on to say that it is very unlikely that any plaintiff would "prevail in a lawsuit under the same conditions" (56). The reality is that a nurse practitioner showing that she or he did the best possible work under emergency conditions "…would most likely be a sympathetic defendant in a lawsuit" (Klein, 56).

But what about Hospital Staff that didn't follow Protocol?

Okay it is clear that…. [read more]

Emergency Planning Term Paper

… Emergency Planning H2

The purpose of this work is to provide an evacuation plan for a shall hotel with a gymnasium and swimming pool complex attached in Scotland during the G8 Summit to take place at Gleneagles Hotel in 2005. This paper will propose a model in which factors to be considered will be outlined in the process of preparing an evacuation plan to deal with a potential bomb threat keeping in mind the fact that evacuation plans are more lengthy than are fire evacuations.


This plan provides an outline for an emergency response plan, recommended emergency response teams, site specific vulnerabilities due to hazards, emergency procedures for employees, requirements of training, procedures exercise and disaster preparedness for employees and their families.

Mission and…. [read more]

Emergency Response Essay

… Hurricane Katrina

Natural disasters often occur unexpectedly and without warning. These disasters, as a result, create massive amounts of casualties and financial hardships on the communities affected. Disasters such the tsunami impacting Japan in 2012, or the 2013 earthquake in Chile, are a testament of the devastating power natural forces have on daily human activities. Hurricane Katrina is no different in this regard. This disaster was particular troublesome as it impacted the entire state of Louisiana. In addition, the disaster provided an unfortunate reminder as to the overall shortcomings of state policy in regards to emergency response. Individuals, irrespective of socio-economic status were forced to live in condition not consistent with their previous standards of living. As a result, both political and public sentiment regarding…. [read more]

Emergency Contraception Term Paper

… Emergency Contraception

The availability of emergency contraception pills (ECP) has raised concerns on the part of the public and medical personnel as to whether this form of avoiding pregnancy in youthful females (ages 16-24) might constitute a serious health risk. The ramifications of providing ECP to young women is addressed in this study, with consideration as to whether its use and availability had secondary effects on regular contraception use.

Past research show overwhelming indications that emergency contraception has proven safe and effective for women to take, following unprotected intercourse. Planned Parenthood (2006) defines unprotected intercourse as intercourse where: (1) the condom broke or slipped off and ejaculation occurred inside the vagina, (2) the woman forgot to take her birth control pills, insert her IUD, ring,…. [read more]

Emergency Lighting for Heavy Recovery Term Paper

… Heavy Recovery Vehicle Lighting

Emergency Lighting for Heavy Recovery

Generalizations about Heavy Recovery Lighting

How many people riding around in their cars at night give a thought to what happens if their lights go out? Moreover, how many night-time drivers think about what would happen if emergency vehicles -- tow trucks, for example -- could not depend upon proper, thorough lighting when on an assignment to pull that driver's car out of a ditch, should he or she lose control and leave the safety of the highway? Those thoughts and worries likely do not cross the minds of most people cruising along in the safety of their late-model, leather-seated Honda, or Toyota, or Cadillac. The world seems oh so very safe and secure, even at…. [read more]

Emergency Management According to Steven Stehr Term Paper

… Emergency Management

According to Steven Stehr, the ability of a community to effectively respond to an emergency disaster recovery incident is dependence on the type of intra-community strategies the community leaders are able to adopt in the aftermath of a natural disaster. Stehr identifies three particular variables as they related to a community's problem solving capabilities: horizontal integration, vertical integration and network centralization. Horizontal integration involves the coordination of disaster relief services across a community. Vertical integration refers to the coordination of disaster relief services between the community and state and/or national disaster relief services. Network centralization refers to the disaster relief services organization being centralized, as opposed to spread out among various centers of control and agencies.

In the mid-sized Midwestern community of Iowa…. [read more]

Emergency Governmental Powers and the Undoing Term Paper


The government of Rome historically passed through many forms of government including a kingdom, a republic, a dictatorship and an empire. The republic form of government in Rome preceded the Empire or an Imperialist form of government institute under the emperor Augustus in 27 B.C.


In 27 BCE Octavian voluntarily gave the Senate his power who in turn reinstituted his power under the name of princes meaning 'leading citizen' and he took the name 'Augustus' meaning 'the revered one'. At this time Augustus held absolute power but in a concealed manner due to the governmental forms in place to conceal what was…. [read more]

Emergency Management While Analyzing the Model Term Paper

… Emergency Management

While analyzing the model it is evident that these practices would have been beneficial during Hurricane Andrew and the September 11 terrorist attacks. One of the main reasons why it would have beneficial is because people would have been more aware of their surrounds and possible "terrorist" activities that may have been taking place. Col and Chu's analysis prove that there is a strong correlation between science and administrative action in a positive manner when they are used effectively together. If the two are applied, there is a stronger opportunity for reaction and possible prevention. If people are given the opportunity to learn things like what the weather looks like when there is a particular type of storm is coming, or how animals…. [read more]

Emergency Management -- Risk Perception Identify Term Paper

… Emergency Management -- Risk Perception

Identify some avenues of risk perception and communication. Also, identify potential impediments to effective risk perception and communication, and how they may be overcome.

One person's risk may be another person's adrenaline high, as is evidenced by the popularity of skydiving, smoking, and also the variability of fears in any given society. Thus risk analysis cannot be based in personal emotion alone, as the emotional perceptions of risk vary greatly from individual to individual. Broadly defined, risk is the possibility of adverse consequences. Risk is predicted in terms "of the likelihood that an event of a given magnitude will occur at a given location within a given time period" and describes the expected consequences that the event will inflict on…. [read more]

Management and Leadership Emergencies Research Paper

… Furthermore, they allow for a varied perspective in the ways in which emergency situations can be tackled, despite perceived challenges or obstacles.

The final article deals with leadership styles that emergency management staff may adopt during a crisis. Close loop communication is mentioned extensively and serves as the basis of communication for crisis resource management which incorporates certain leadership styles for proper execution of processes. "development of Crisis Resource Management (CRM), systematic educational program designed to improve team performance based on knowledge from the aviation context to ensure the quality of teamwork . . . a standardized scheme of communication has become a core component of CRM" leaders (Hargestam, Lindkvist, Jacobsson, Brulin, & Hultin, 2016, p. e009912). Two leadership styles were seen…. [read more]

Briefing for Emergency Management Essay

… Ing for Emergency Management

Emergency management is a relatively novel concept, with modern applications, theories, models and threats. The practices of emergency management have nevertheless existed since biblical times, and examples include the gathering of animals on Noah's Arc and the repopulation of the world in the aftermath of the great flooding, the means in which Moses handled the exodus and guided the Hebrews and so on. The Bible even encourages people to pay attention to dangers and address them. It says: "the prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and suffer for it." (Prov. 27:12, quoted by Andy Stanley, 2009).

Since the biblical times, the practices of emergency management have evolved significantly, as have the threats and the causes of…. [read more]

Organization: An Emergency and Disaster Essay

… The first stage in conducting employee training is providing every employee with the emergency action plan and reviewing the Fire Prevention Plan as the initial assignment. During this process, the workers questions or comments about the plan will be addressed to the Safety Manager. Secondly, fire drills will be carried out every year as document in the emergency preparedness and action plan. While all the employees in the organization must participate in the drills, the drills are to be responded like real life events. Notably, employee training on how to prevent, prepare for, and prevent fire emergencies will be provided periodically. Emergency and fire prevention activities will be kept and maintained in the organization's Safety Office ("Fire Prevention Plan," 2009). The organization's emergency evacuation drills…. [read more]

Evaluating and Explaining Organizational Accountability in Emergency Management of Typhoon Morakot a Citizens Perspective Literature Review

… ¶ … Organizational Accountability in Emergency Management of Typhoon Morakot: A Citizens' Perspective -- Literature Review Chapter

Typhoon Morakot

The contemporaneous society is unfortunate enough to be witnessing numerous natural calamities. The debate over the causes of these calamities is ongoing, with some arguing the very force of nature and its changing shapes, whilst others blaming the changes on the devastating actions of man, which pollute and change the natural environment. In other words, there is the belief according to which more natural calamities occur as a result of global warming. This view is shared by the environment specialists at the United Nations, who include the Morakot Typhoon on the list of the most significant climate anomalies from 2007 through 2009. They refer to the…. [read more]

Nurses During Emergency Essay

… Helping nurses with the knowledge and skills for working in complex situations reduce their stress levels and increase their preparedness for taking up care provision during emergencies (Ulrich, Taylor, Soeken, O'Donnell, Farrar, Danis & Grady, 2010). Work safety in the nursing field has also deteriorated over the years, and that leads to considerations of early retirement. These situations reduce the preparedness of nursing professionals in handling of emergencies. It is just natural that deterioration of working environments, limited practice skills and burnout issues de-motivate nurses' preparedness of embracing emergency calls (Couig, Johnson & Rick, 2011).

Leadership and Management

The scope of practice for paramedics, emergency nursing technicians, pharmacists, podiatrists, nursing students, veterinarians and unlicensed assistant personnel to help in dispensing, ordering and administering health care…. [read more]

Demands That Emergency Workers Research Paper

… Floren (1984, p.43) suggests that there is a "strong need to provide a more humanistic approach in the training of emergency [service] personnel." Also, "we need to learn more about death and dying, the stages of grief, what to expect from a suddenly bereaved family and how we may most helpfully interact with family members." (Floren. 1984)

Also we need to educate and encourage emergency workers so that they can talk about the pressures they face in a stress full situation, so that they understand that they are not alone in their experiences and by sharing one's own experience they lean to understand and del with their problems. Floren continues, "Our training should emphasize the need for supportiveness and free expression of feelings" in stressful…. [read more]

Emtala Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Term Paper




The objective of this work is to develop a comprehensive plan for the hospital that addresses relevant current issues in the emergency room and specifically the problem of crowding. The focus of this work will be EMTALA rules and regulations in relation to the hospital emergency room to include corporate culture. A SWOT model for situational analysis will be performed in the attempt to understand the political, legal, economic, social, cultural, technological and competitive situations faced by organizations leaders.

In 1986 a Federal law was passed referred to as the "Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act" (EMTALA) which makes it a requirement for hospitals to provide specific services…. [read more]

Monroe County, New York: Community's Emergency Response Research Paper

… At the minimum, the relevance of having in place effective, well planned and coordinated communication systems cannot be overstated. Essentially, one of the key lessons learnt during the 9/11 terror attacks is that a clear and well formulated emergency communications plan and " media relations plan is essential to get accurate information out to both family members of victims and the general public, & #8230;and to ensure that the presence of media does not interfere with evacuation and rescue efforts…" (U.S. Department of Justice -- Office of Justice Programs, 2013). As it has been pointed out in the Arlington County after-action report (AAR) on the response to the September 11 terrorist attack on the Pentagon, communication systems were busy even before the crash at the…. [read more]

Public Health Emergency Preparedness Essay

… 2005: 385-386). By addressing these practical concerns and fears before an emergency, a more effective response can be orchestrated: providing childcare, for workers; ensuring that personnel are vaccinated against likely pandemics; and preparedness exercises with an emphasis on workers' safety are all ways to quell such fears.

The public likewise must be schooled in the likelihood of specific threats, and be encouraged to create a family 'disaster plan' to cope with a disaster. Prophylactic methods to prevent emergencies, including vaccine campaigns, are essential. During the H1N1 or 'swine flu' epidemic, the public was often confused because of conflicting information, and insufficient amounts of the virus were present to engage in an immediate, widespread containment campaign. Panic and misinformation is the enemy of preparedness, and particularly…. [read more]

Asset Protection Essay

… As such, the security supervisor should work with outside groups in using ICS to plan for incidents. While the vernacular used by ICS is common and intuitively comprehensible, the effective implementation of its structure depends on a coordinated team effort. A group effort in the planning phase will make implementation under the pressure of an emergency situation easier. The better coordinated the effort is the less damage to people and property that will occur during a disaster situation.

Specifically, the five functional areas of ICS must be outlined ahead of time. The coordinated planning process will determine who the functional areas of command, operations, planning, logistics, and finance (Vendrell and Watson, 2008). Giving discrete designations to each person or team, including the security supervisor and…. [read more]

Over Crowding in Emergency Departments Thesis

… ¶ … Crowding in Emergency Departments

Over the years, healthcare setting especially hospitals are witnessing a phenomenal surge in patient admissions in their emergency departments -- EDs, aggravating the issue of 'overcrowding'. The 'Centre for Disease Control and Prevention -- CDC' recorded 108 million emergency departments -- 'ED visits' during 2000 registering a fourteen percentage rise from the 95 million 'emergency department -- ED visits' during the year 1997 according to latest figures that are available. As the amount of hospitals rendering 'emergency level care' went down 'to 3934 from 4005' within the years of '1997 & 2000', 'emergency department's visits' with regard to each hospital registered an increase of sixteen percentage rising to '27,000 visits from about 24,000 visits' annually. The rise in 'emergency…. [read more]

Pain Management in the Emergency Department Thesis

… Pain Management in the Emergency Department

Pain is a complex neurobiological problem that involves the nervous system, cognitive system as well as the emotional system. The highly subjective nature of pain makes its assessment and management a complex problem. Oligoanalgesia or under treatment of pain is widely observed in the ED. Multimodal or combinational therapy is found to be the most effective in providing relief from acute pain. Formulating and implementing a framework for pain management in all emergency departments would definitely reduce patient suffering time and improve pain management outcome.

Pain is the most common problem in any emergency setting. Cordell reports that almost 70% of patients arriving at the ED complain of pain. [1] Pain management is one of the important yet…. [read more]

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