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Environmental Assessing Canada Term Paper

… An EIA would obviously demonstrate that the Haida Nation and the environment would suffer greatly if the government would allow other organizations to intervene and deforest areas believed to belong to Aboriginals.

4. Post decision follow-ups are an important phase of EIA projects, taking into account that "while weak and non-existent legal requirements and institutional support mechanisms may in part be contributing to the current state of practice, a number of substantive and procedural elements are also required to facilitate effective post-decision EIA follow-up programs" (166-167). It is essential for the EIA to be performed with great care, so as for follow-up and monitoring objectives to be clear from the very first steps of the process. Monitoring data for the biophysical environment is essential, as…. [read more]

Environmental Genetic Factors That Influence Essay

… Asthma attacks reportedly result in the deaths of 5,000 individuals each year in the U.S. alone (NRDC, 2005). Those figures have slightly improved, as in 2009 it was reported that nearly 3,500 people died of asthma, which is roughly equal to nine people dying a day from this disease (CDC, 2010). Approximately 1 in every 12 adults has been diagnosed with asthma, while 1 in 11 children is known to have this disease (CDC, 2010).

In terms of health disparities per populations, it is a known fact that individuals living in major metropolises areas are more exposed to bad air quality, and to air pollution which causes asthma. The inner cities of such metropolises are largely populated by historic minority groups -- specifically African-Americans and…. [read more]

Environmental Science Minerals Play Essay

… Some agencies involved in government-owned lands include the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, the Farm Service Agency, and the Natural Resources Conservation Service (Wildlife Society, 2011). The purpose of these agencies is to apply their land ownership for the purpose of conserving and utilizing land for the maximum benefit of society and sustainability.


A forest is an important ecosystem because of the way it influences the atmosphere on earth. It provides a perfectly balanced ecosystem, where trees and plants provide not only food for animals, birds, and other organisms, but also oxygen to maintain the stability of the atmosphere on earth.


Forest management means the ability of the forester to use his or her knowledge of forestry principles, practices and techniques…. [read more]

Environmental Ethical Issues Term Paper

… Environmental Ethical Issue.


Environmental ethics Issues

Sentence Outline

Environmental ethics is a philosophical sub-discipline that was developed in the late 1960s to early '70s.

Issues such as seeing all components of the environment as having an intrinsic value rather than some to be having only the instrumental value also surfaced.

History of environmental ethics

At that time, some of the major publications that helped this processes was the Silent Springs by Rachel Carson (1962).

The Population Bomb by Paul Ehrlich in 1968 added on a voice onto the effects of the planet's resources that the increased population was about to cause.

Currents events of environmental ethics

Some of the major current events concerning the environmental ethics are the issue of global warming.

b. Non-environmentally…. [read more]

Environmental Crime the National Environmental Policy Act Essay

… Environmental Crime

The National Environmental Policy Act

The National Environmental Policy Act or NEPA became law on January 1, 1970. The law was intended to create a national policy in the country which was aimed in the first instance at promoting aspects of environmental control and enhancement. While this act was also instrumental in establishing environmental policy and control bodies such as the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), its most important effect has been to set up procedural requirements with regard to environmental issues for all federal government agencies.

In other words, the Act provides the framework for integration and coordination between different federal agencies with regard to the aims and standards of environmental control and protection This also includes the preparation and undertaking…. [read more]

Environmental (Alberta's Oil Case Study

… Exploitation of water endangers the animals or creatures enjoying the resource. This leads to destruction of natural resources hence harm to the ecology.

Production of oil sands enhances the threats to the planet in relation to climatic change. This is because of the transmission of greenhouse gases. The development of the oil sands production in Alberta proves to be a threat to the globe because of effects relative to global warming thus endangers the existence of the human race. Lack or minimal involvement of the government in reducing and controlling the development of the oil sands leads to political conflicts in the region (Pasqualetti 249-267). This might prove harmful to the sovereignty of Canada in current and future interactions with other international entities. The environmental…. [read more]

Environmental Cues Shape Behavior Essay

… In this regard, Hoffman adds that, "Such a significant number of dissenters tells us that we do not have a set of socially accepted beliefs on climate change - beliefs that emerge, not from individual preferences, but from societal norms" (p. 31). Against this background, changing behavior and habits in ways that will mitigate negative environmental impact has assumed new importance and relevance, and these issues are discussed further below.

Two Possible Solutions that Could Successfully Change Behavior and Habits to Lessen Negative Environmental Impact

People must come to realize that they are being selfish and even greedy when it comes to their trash. Americans in particular throw away more garbage and trash than any society on earth, and a woefully small amount of it…. [read more]

Environmental Cues Shape Behavior Essay

… How social norms influence behavior and beliefs about the environment

Social norms refer to the standards applied in making judgments about the appropriateness of our actions and behaviors. This approach is widely acknowledged that encouraging pro-environmental social norms visible is a vital part of promoting sustainable behavior and belief. In practical studies, providing individuals with proof of what other people around them are doing has demonstrated to have a remarkable impact on behavior and belief (Cormier, Nurius & Osborn, 2009). While appreciating the social norms including tested and tried methods of influencing behaviors, the effectiveness of this approach depends on the availability of positive norms in the first place. For most sustainable behaviors and beliefs, the challenge is not that positive social norms are not…. [read more]

Environmental Science Class Essay

… The presence of oil-related concepts in a community is typically known to bring on significant detriments, as oil is known to negatively affect "large areas, destroying crops, economic trees, the ecosystem, and fishing areas" (Ali-Akpajiak & Pyke 2003, 45).

One of the most disturbing concepts related to the oil industry is the fact that individuals involved in the business are particularly powerful. In spite of the fact that oil extraction has negatively affected the boreal forest in the Canadian forest, the authorities express little interest in condemning the affair. Moreover, the fact that tar sands and oil fields have destroyed large forested territories has made it increasingly difficult for woodland caribou to continue to thrive in the area. Instead of protecting caribou habitat, executives have…. [read more]

Environmental Justice and Executive Order 12898 Research Proposal


The objective of this work is to examine whether the issuance of Executive Order 12898 in 1994 has made a recognizable difference in assisting the environmental justice movement reach its goal of achieving environmental protection for all communities.

On February 11, 1994, President Bill Clinton signed Executive Order 12898 on Environmental Justice: Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations. This order directs each federal agency to develop an environmental justice strategy for identifying and addressing disproportionately high and adverse human health, or environmental effects of its programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations. Monies were allocated to federal agencies and state governments assisting communities to develop strategies toward local environmental problems.…. [read more]

Environmental Policies Essay

… Environmental Policies

Give an example of an ecosystem and use this example to describe the concepts of "input-output," "source-sink relationship," and feedback.

An ecosystem refers to separate units consisting of groups of nonliving things, plants and animals interacting with each other and the external environment. A desert can be regarded as an ecosystem and so can the rainforests. In fact, the whole earth can also be regarded as an ecosystem. For the purpose of this discussion, we will take the freshwater ecosystem as an example. Here, water enters into the system via rains, groundwater flow or surface water flow (input) and evaporation results in a loss of water from the system (output). Nutrients like carbon, nitrogen and oxygen may enter the system via many sources…. [read more]

Environmental Tobacco and Asthma Research Paper

… The study also showed that the children exposed to Environment Tobacco Smoke are likely to become smokers (Larsson, Frisk, Hallstro-m, Kiviloog, & Lundba-c, 2001).

Another study conducted to determine if environment tobacco smoke has any effect or role in the development of asthma in children was done during 1999 -- 2000 by collecting information from a survey that was conducted in the population of children. The results of asthma symptoms were applied to the sample which was exposed to tobacco smoke.

The study helped to determine that there was a strong relationship between smoke exposure and risks of asthma. This relationship was direct and positive. Almost 15% of the cases having asthma reported the cause as exposure to environment tobacco smoke and smoking during childhood.…. [read more]

Environmental Impact of Coal Mining in Appalachia Thesis

… Environmental Impact of Coal Mining in Appalachia

An aerial view of mountaintop removal mining

The issue of coal mining in the Appalachian regions has in recent years been the cause of much debate and contention. The central concern in this debate is the dramatic and severe impact that coal mining has had on the environment of the region. In the age of global warming and climate change the issue of the devastation of the natural environment through mining methods such as mountaintop removal mining (MRM) tends to evoke strong and critical responses. The following is one example of these critiques.

When it comes to coal, perhaps the only thing more controversial than what to do about the heat-trapping carbon dioxide it generates is what…. [read more]

Environmental Justice Term Paper

… S. EPA "cannot lawfully issue a policy" extending Title VI civil rights law to pollution without congressional action. Under current law, continues the California letter, neither state nor federal agencies have the authority to "to deny permits based on the racial makeup of the area surrounding the facility." Furthermore, the "California Supreme Court has determined that hazardous waste laws do not preempt local land use authority." (Payne, 1998)

California EPA concludes that, without congressional action, the administration's unilateral re-interpretation of Title VI law would give the EPA "unfettered discretion to apply statistical data in any way it chooses, create risk assessments without peer reviewed standards, determine that all discharges create measurable disparate impacts by their very existence and treat people differently based on racial or…. [read more]

Environmental Ethics Term Paper

… Environmental Ethics: From Philosophy to Movement

Prior to the introduction of major legislation concerning the environment, it had been a popularly accepted notion that our utilization of the earth would be subject to no limitations. Our manifold purposes, pertaining to the expansion of commercial industries, the procurement of lands for residency, the optimization of geological settings for pedestrian needs and the constantly swelling demand for space upon which to drive had for many years after the start of the Industrial Age taken precedence in our notion of sociological advancement. The overarching notion that the earth belonged to man to do with as he pleased was given little contest in the public forum, with large economic, political and cultural contingents generally conceding to the argument that…. [read more]

Environmental Security Term Paper

… Environmental Security

The environment and its preservation for future generations has become one of the most important current issues not only in general society, but also in the political arena. As such, the issue has enjoyed attention from the highest and most powerful entities. It is no longer a question of whether to pay political attention to the environment; it has become compulsory if the human race is to survive. The question is rather on which platform to focus the most energy in terms of the environment. A large amount of attention has been given to the economic implications of the various environmental crises humanity faces today. Recently, attention has begun to also focus upon the implications of environmental concerns for security. The question of…. [read more]

Environmental Issues, Business Ethics Research Paper

… In addition, Lebanon lacks analogous regulatory elements that uphold ethics programs. Companies in the region focus on their initiatives that contribute towards the long-term sustainability of the company.

Corporate integrity and ethics can also fall on this focus, but they hardly focused on it. The type of business here aims in moneymaking. The initiatives include good governance within the company and corporate responsibility including some ethic programs. Their main aim is to improve the country's operations, and ignoring the ethical needs. The companies forget about the workforce as being a powerful asset (Herde, 2005).


For example, Dubai aspires in being an international business spot. Corporate responsibility has happened in Dubai for over three years, and at this point, there are no developed best business…. [read more]

Environmental Ethics and United States Term Paper

… Ignoring the political influence, EPA has been introducing reforms which have been effective in at least setting up minimum standards for the well-being of human health, animal and plants protection along with ecological balance. It has introduced and enforced various acts under Congress's supervision which have been functional in protecting and restoring natural resources. Examples of some of the reforms introduced by EPA are Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfield Revitalization Act, Nuclear Waste Repository Act, Food Quality Protection Act, Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1996, Toxic Substances Control Act, Endangered Species Act and other programs including Safer Detergents Stewardship Initiative, fuel economy, global warming etc.

The given set of policies and acts indicate that EPA covers wide range of environment protection issues and…. [read more]

Environmental Problems Term Paper

… Environmental Problems: The Caspian Region

There has been a considerable growth in the interest and concern about the global environment during the past decade. Governments, policy makers and environmental bodies are becoming more involved in the way that problems such as pollution and unmanaged ecosystems affect the environment in the world. This concern has been recently increased by the acceptance in the scientific community of the reality of global warming and climate change, which has been almost certainly linked to human causative factors such as carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. These concerns have refocused attention on various problems areas around the world.

There are numerous environmental problems that could be mentioned. Among these is the importance of ozone emissions. For example, as one study…. [read more]

Environmental Engineering -- Contrails Are an Exhaust Case Study

… Environmental Engineering -- Contrails

Contrails are an exhaust manifestation of chemical waste products emitted from jet engines (Fast, 2002). The impact of contrails has been highly debated and often mired in misinformation. Additionally, the environmental impact of contrails emitted from craft is often overlooked and not investigated in a context relevant to the sustainability of environmental quality and standards associated with such environmental protection standards including the Kyoto Protocol. Among the most notable environmental impact attributed to contrails, include the following: (Fast, 2002; Bearn, 2005; Bollier, 2007; Harris, Kuper, Lebel, 2010)

Rise in local air temperature

Global Warming

UV Ray blockage

Sunlight Reduction to Earth surface

Air Pollution

Water Pollution

Increase in biological extinction rate

Change in migrating patterns of species

The ranking in terms…. [read more]

Environmental Toxicology of Lead Pb Research Paper

… Environmental Toxicology of Lead


Chemical Nature of Lead

Basically, Lead is a major group element, which is found beneath Tin, in group fourteen of the periodic table and its symbol is Pb. It is a bluish -white shiny metal and is extremely squashy, pliable, dense, and conducts electricity poorly. Moreover, it has a small tensile strength and resists decay. Lead has an atomic number of eighty two (82). Its atomic mass is 207.2 g.mol -1. Lead has an electro-negativity of 1.8. It has a boiling point and melting point of 1755 "C and 327 "C respectively. The gravity of lead is 11.35 and has a valence of either two or four (Water Treatment Solutions: Lenntech, n.d.).

The uses of Lead

Lead metal may be…. [read more]

Environmental Are Vital Research Paper

… There was also a differentiation in lack of commitment to the protocol by developing nations. This is because of the essence of being the outside party in the contribution towards the climate change. This is evident through rapid increase in the economic group in the context of nations such as India and China not listed as the industrialized nations in the Kyoto Protocol. The United States passed the Byrd-Hagel Resolution in 1997. The main aspect of this resolution by the senate of the United States was to limit its adherence to the protocols in relation to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change of 1992 and negotiations in Kyoto in December 1997.

This is because of the omission of the developing nations in the…. [read more]

Environmental Risk Analysis Process Term Paper

… In other words, an ERA looks at the hazard and the risk of a particular activity. The term hazard refers to "the inherent potential for something to cause harm. Hazards can include substances, machines, energy forms, or the way work is carried out" (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008). The term risk refers to "the likelihood that harm will actually be done by the realisation of the hazard during the work being carried out or by the way something is used" (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008). The risk involves not just the hazard, but takes into account the likelihood of exposure combined with the risk.

There are five basic components in the ERA process. First, the "preliminary problem formulation identifies each contaminant of concern and its…. [read more]

Environmental Ethical Issues in the Early 21st Term Paper

… Environmental Ethical Issues

In the early 21st century, environmental concerns have emerged as some of the most important social policy issues. Environmental ethics issues go back to the earliest era of American history but they became more important as the nation became more industrialized in the 19th and early 20th century. Today, the major environmental ethics concerns include the concept of disproportionate global resource consumption by wealthy nations, the depletion of fossil fuels and the need to develop alternative sources of energy, the outsourcing of negative consequences from industrial processes from wealthier nations to poorer nations, the environmental impact of U.S. military operations on foreign peoples, anthropomorphism in wildlife preservation and conservation, and the relative obligation of current generations to future generations inheriting the planet.…. [read more]

Environmental Benefits of Reusable Bags Thesis

… Environmental Benefits of Reusable Bags

The danger of non-reusable bags

There is no doubt that plastic bags pollute the environment. At the same time they are an intrinsic part of our modern society and the way we function. As one report states; "Since their introduction to U.S. supermarkets in the late 1970's plastic bags have become a ubiquitous presence. They were a blessing for every shopkeeper in the world; being lighter, stronger and cheaper than the conventional paper bag. "( Knight M. 2007, para.6). The cheapness and functionality of these bags was to lead to their universal usage and it is estimated that the current consumption of plastic bags in the world today is between 500 billion to one trillion ( Knight M. 2007, para.6).…. [read more]

Environmental Sciences Obama Turns Article Review

… The article explains three different stages of the overall movement, and how each movement either detracted or contributed to the overall progress of the social movement.

An interesting aspect of the article was the overall longevity of the climate change movement. As indicted by the article the movement originated in 1970 and has gone through server different iterations since. History has proven that overtime many movements abate or diminish entirely. In recent memory, the "Occupy Wall-Street" movement was particularly short lived. To realize how the longevity of this social movement has influenced the masses across the world is particularly interesting. In addition, the contentious nature of climate change has warranted a mass amount of discussion. Particularly the neo-conservative movement contributed heavily to the overall disagreements…. [read more]

Environmental Factors That Affect Global Essay

… The marketing decisions that KFC makes in China needs to take into consideration these cultural differences, to the degree to which some of the decisions will be completely different than those in the U.S.

One can start with a relatively simple example: the KFC logo. Translated from English to Chinese, because of the obvious language differences that included a different, phonetic alphabet in China, the logo became "eat your fingers off!," from "finger lickin' good." This is all related to cultural differences and to potential pitfalls in the marketing decisions because of these differences.

The cultural differences between China and the U.S. and, in a wider sense, the socio-economic and psychological differences between the two people affect most of the marketing decisions that KFC needs…. [read more]

Environmental Term Paper

… The court disagreed with the site qualifying under Section 404(a)'s definition of 'navigable waters' because of being a habitat for the migratory birds. The courts disagreement was based on the consideration that it would assume the statute did not have any independent significance. The court explained that, in the aggregate, the substantial effects on the interstate commerce were not clear because the petitioner's, SWANCC's, landfill was clearly of commercial nature and clearly not connected to 'navigable waters' and 'waters of the United States' that the statute extends the terms to. The court rejected the request for Administrative deference based on the state and federal balance where Congress extended rights and responsibilities to the States. The aggregate balance of the economic loss of natural resources and…. [read more]

Environmental Economic Policy Proposal for New York State on Sustainable Energy Research Proposal

… Environmental Economic Policy Proposal

Energy Sustainability in New York State

Environmental Economic Policy Proposal for New York State on Sustainable Energy

Environmental Economic Policy Proposal for New York State on Sustainable Energy

Energy use is inevitable, for any State like New York, carrying out activities, which are industrial. To another extent, New York State also contains a proportionally high population who depend on the energy. Since stores of energy in New York State are deteriorating, it is necessary to enact a policy that can allow for sustainable energy. The policies assist in the usage and maintenance of the sustainable energy resources of the nation. This assures the coming generation of energy source, which is the main aim of sustainability. If the people of New York…. [read more]

Environmental Psychology Essay

… The ecological perception theoretical approach is based on the concept of affordances, which is the perceived functional importance of an event, item, or place to an individual. The concept is associated with the theory through the importance of mental effort or cognitive processes in an individual's experience of the world or the environment. Similarly, the Attention Restoration Theory states that daily human interactions with the environment require mental effort or processes to direct these interactions (Clayton & Myers, 2009, p. 85).

While the two approaches have few similarities, there are several differences between them including the fact that Attention Restoration Theory states that a person's cognitive resources can be exhausted and restored in the suitable or restorative environments. In contrast, the ecological perception approach states…. [read more]

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