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Ethical Argument Against Physician Assisted Suicide Essay

… Physician-Assisted Suicide

Physicians-Assisted Suicides:

The Unethical Practice that Allows Doctors to Kill

Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide is a topic that constantly sparks ethical debate. Euthanasia has become a topic of growing interest, especially in the industrialized countries of the world because of the high standards for medical care and the idea that physician-assisted suicide can improve end-of-life care as it can take away suffering and stop patients from trying to take their own lives in more painful ways. For some, the "right-to-die" movement is compassionate as it can liberate one from the pain and suffering associated with terminal illnesses; oftentimes these patients are anxiously awaiting death so that they may be released from the torture of life. In the article, "Physician-assisted suicide: compassionate liberation or…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide: The Kantian View Essay

… Other considerations may be ignored in this view. Emotivism cannot resolve this issue, either, since it is based on an idea that people's immediate emotions define morality of an act. That is, if the physician feels good assisting the patient commit suicide, PAS becomes justifiable. But if the physician feels bad about it, PAS is not justified. Based on the emotional reaction of a given physician at a given time, this view may negate PAS under all circumstances or, to the contrary, easily lead to abuses. Likewise, ethical egoism cannot resolve the dilemma because it is based on egotism. This view considers selfishness as an ethical value. In other words, selfishness of physicians determines whether PAS is acceptable in a given situation and may lead…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide. Physician-Assisted Suicide Is an Emotional Term Paper

… ¶ … physician-assisted suicide. Physician-assisted suicide is an emotional issue that is flooding the news with the current Terri Schiavo situation in Florida. When is physician-assisted suicide warranted, and who makes the terribly difficult decision to "pull the plug?" Physician-assisted suicide is controversial, but it can be the most humane option for many terminally ill patients who have no hope of recovery. Physician-assisted suicide should be an option for ill Americans. It is their life, and they should be able to choose when to live, and when the pain and illness are too much to bear. As Americans, it seems we are more humane with our family pets, than we are with our relatives and loved ones. We know when an animal suffers the most…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide Essay

… Denmark has no laws that address it at all. Laws in the United States vary from state to state (Humphrey, 2010a). The culture of the area plays a key role in laws concerning assisted suicide.

Process

The process of assisted suicide typically involves the injection or consumption of a fatal dose of some drug. In Switzerland, it involves a fatal dose of sodium Phenobarbital. There are risks to the process and if it doesn't work the patient can end up in a coma, but still alive (Ross, 2012). There many different drugs that can be used in combinations. Different doctors and countries have different techniques for the process.

Patients' Bill of Rights

The Patients' Bill of Rights makes certain that patients have the right to…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide a Review Term Paper

… The argument could be made that people just die and there is no real difference but there is a strong difference between a good death and a bad one (Brody, 1992). People that are made to be afraid, to suffer, and to rely solely on others for any kind of care often do not wish to live any longer and these people may linger a very long time in this pain and fear before they pass away. Once they have passed away they have no more suffering but the length of suffering that they must endure during the time between when they get sick and when they actually die is often excruciatingly painful not only for them physically and emotionally but for their families emotional…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide, and Active Euthanasia Essay

… Dissenting Views

According to Mappes and DeGrazia, Callahan is convinced that a clear distinction exists between allowing to die and killing (399). One of the perspectives that Callahan uses to defend his assertion is the medical view. According to Callahan, physicians have a historical role to use the knowledge they possess to comfort and/or cure patients as opposed to bringing about their death (Mappes and DeGrazia 401). Thus in seeking to exercise that role, physicians must not do anything that can prematurely end the life of a patient. Callahan's assertion in this case conflicts with one of Brock's proposals in regard to when euthanasia should be allowed. In the opinion of Brock, as far as the well-being of an individual is concerned, a patient should…. [read more]


Pro-Physician Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia

The debate about Euthanasia is an ancient one but it has acquired a new relevance in recent times as advances in medical science have greatly extended human life-spans and it is now possible to sustain life for indefinite periods through artificial means. A closely related issue is whether it is ethical for physicians to assist in their patients' suicide in order to relieve their pain and suffering. Seemingly weighty arguments have been advanced both for and against the issue, but the debate still remains unresolved. A closer scrutiny of the pro and con arguments, however, reveals that the case against physician-assisted suicide does not carry sufficient weight and it is, in fact, a humane act which should be allowed in all…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide Legal History US Term Paper

… Physician-Assisted Suicide

For the most part, the current argument for physician-assisted suicide in the United States has much to do with whether or not, under special circumstances, is it morally and ethically permissible for a physician to provide the knowledge and/or means whereby a terminally ill patient can have his/her own life ended. In modern terms, this medical act, sometimes called PAS -- euthanasia, can be described as "deliberately bringing about the death of a person that is suffering from an incurable disease or condition through the administration of a lethal drug or by allowing the patient to die naturally by withholding treatment" (Glanze, 447).

The reasons for allowing such an act by a physician are often very controversial, but overall, physician-assisted suicide provides the…. [read more]


Ethics: Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… The cost of Health care can be reduced. Nurses and Doctors would have more time to save those who are going to live or those who wish to try to stay alive (Friend, 2011). Friends and Family have an opportunity to say their good byes. Also, their organs can be kept in order to help save others. Patients feel they have a selection, and may not be compelled to try other techniques to reduce their agony. The negatives comprise that numerous feel doctor assisted suicide goes against the physicians' Hippocratic Oath.

It also goes against a lot of religious beliefs. Research mentions that patients could give up on life to early. Doctors at times can abuse the procedure. Insurance companies and government could put unwarranted…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide Should Be Legalized Essay

… For those who are afflicted, the right to die in a manner they control is fundamental. They have, by the time they are to make this decision, only their basic human rights. At that point, they are likely stripped of all else -- health and dignity among the things they have lost. They are in a position of constant suffering, and that suffering will only end with death. Death, for the terminally ill, is not only inevitable but it is pending. The AMA suggests that palliative care is sufficient. For those about to die from horrible illness, there is little to expect from palliative care but drug-induced numbness. This denies them the ability to say goodbye on their own terms, but rather to drift into…. [read more]


Bioethics -- Assisted Suicide Three-Step Essay

… That modern capability means that contemporary biomedical ethicists must adapt notions of concepts such as harm much more broadly than Hippocrates could have.

More specifically, if a patient is suffering from great pain that cannot be alleviated by medical treatment, particularly where that pain is caused by an incurable terminal illness, there is a very strong argument that preventing a patient from ending his or her life to escape suffering amounts to more of a "harm" than helping that patient end his or her suffering. The same argument applies where a patient seeks only to avoid dying in a much more painful way when the medical prognosis predicts that with great certainty (Levine, 2008). On balance, the objective comparison of the respective concerns suggests that…. [read more]


Ethical Issues of Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… It is also squabbled that assisted suicide for fatally ill people undergoing severe pain can be differentiated from euthanasia used for the purpose of genocide on the basis that it is on the basis of the principles of self-respect, respect, and reverence and is selected and performed by the dying persons, instead of being forced on them in opposition to their will. (End of Life Issues and Care) Some would disagree that assisted death already happens in secrecy. For instance, morphine drips apparently used for pain relief is a secret form of assisted death or euthanasia. That PAS is unlawful avoids an open argument, in which patients and doctors could take part. Making PAS legally lawful will encourage open discussion. (Ethics in Medicine: Physician-Assisted Suicide)…. [read more]


Alternative to Physician-Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… The authors' article illustrates the sensitivity of the issue of euthanasia, where society, especially people who have strong religious beliefs against euthanasia, often view it as an undesirable process to end a suffering patient's life, equating it to killing. However, Gert et. al. cautions that physicians' moral views must be able to be compatible with the patient's views. This means that in order to administer VPE, the physician must be (a) compatible with patient's moral views about euthanasia; or, in the event that the patient disagrees to VPE, (b) must at least inform the patient's right that s/he has the right to physician-assisted suicide/death (PAS).

These alternatives and precautions that the authors discuss in their article show how the issues of morality are the primary…. [read more]


Palliative Care Represents an Approach Thesis

… The other illustration of suicide from the biblical perspective is the act of Samson in the final attempts to save his dignity and minimize the extent of suffering. Samson pushes the pillars knowing that it would lead to his death. This action aims at providing the easiest approach for Samson to limit the amount of suffering in the hands of the enemies. This illustrates an acceptable aspect of suicide according to proponents of the physician-assisted suicide. These proponents argue that palliative care enhances the suffering of the patients despite knowing that the condition of the victims is incurable.

Physician-assisted suicide is in line with the patient autonomy under the ethical issues within the medical profession. Patients have the right to advice their medical practitioners on…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide and Its Moral and Ethical Standards Research Paper

… ¶ … against arguments in Doctor Assisted Suicide

This paper examines the much heated arguments in regards to the moral and ethical standards of the idea of doctor-assisted suicide which is also known as physician-assisted suicide. A medical doctor aided suicide stands out among the numerous clinically and morally recognizable practices involving healthcare for patients in their final hours or those with terminal illnesses. Some contend that a doctor-assisted suicide is morally admissible for individuals with terminal illnesses who have decided to escape their intolerable suffering towards the end of life. Others have argued that doctor-assisted suicide is not morally allowable, on the grounds that it negates the customary obligation of doctors to safeguard life and to not be a risk to the patient. The…. [read more]


Ethical Issues Raised by Biomedical Technologies in End-Of-Life Policy or Physician Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… Ethical Issues Raised by Biomedical Technologies in End- of -Life Policy or Physician-Assisted Suicide

Physician-Assisted Suicide

An analysis of the trend of healthcare in the U.S. indicates many factors ranging from economic, technological, and medical issues that have given rise to the concerns of terminal care and resultantly to the movement of assisted suicide. The movement has its base at the minimum in at least a couple of basic views and anticipations. In the era of technological medicine encouraged by the profit motive, death evolves at a high cost in terms of suffering and in individual economic loss. The failure or absence of the facilities to offer affordable resources with regard to terminal care is due to the marketplace prevailing in the health care. The…. [read more]


Cons of Pro-Assisted Suicide Perspective Research Paper

… ¶ … Against Assisted Suicide

There are few topics in medicine today as controversial as the issue of assisted suicide. Though there are perhaps fewer headlines regarding the subject than during Dr. Jack Kevorkian's heyday or the Terri Schiavo, legal and ethical battles regarding the subject are still ongoing. Several states have passed laws legalizing assisted suicide in certain situations, and many other states have considered similar measures. The question is, at what cost? Suicide has been considered wrong by almost every civilization, and proscribed against even in ancient codes of law. What does it say about our modern sensibilities that the human condition has become so degraded and devalued that the thought of another person taking their life -- and worse, that they may…. [read more]


Bioethics Physician-Assisted Suicide Is Illegal Research Paper

… Bioethics

Physician-assisted suicide is illegal in most states, because the act is akin to murder. A person in a compromised condition such as a terminal illness cannot be capable of making completely sound judgments. Doctors like the infamous Kevorkian have spent time in prison because they have aided their patients in furthering their own demise. Moreover, many victims of euthanasia such as Terry Schiavo never had the chance. "There are cases called euthanasia where a person can't make such a request," as the BBC (nd) points out. Their deaths are wrongful in the eyes of the law as well as in the eyes of God.

Assisted suicide is also against the professional ethical code of physicians. The Hippocratic Oath binds physicians against practicing euthanasia (Kohl…. [read more]


Euthanasia: Legal Considerations Euthanasia, Doctor-Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… Euthanasia: Legal Considerations

Euthanasia, doctor-assisted suicide, and mercy killing of any type is prohibited by law in the United States. In June of 2007, 79-year-old retired pathologist and patient rights activist Jack Kevorkian was released from federal prison, after serving eight years for his second-degree murder conviction (Martindale, 2007).

Prior assisting in the 1998 suicide of Tomas Youk, then in the final stages of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ("Lou Gehrig's Disease"), Kevorkian had always been very careful to avoid crossing the line between merely advising his patients and documenting their suicides and actually assisting them or implementing their requests by his own hand.

In 1998, Kevorkian deliberately and purposely crossed that line to force his own prosecution and thereby bring national attention to the need for…. [read more]


Right-To-Die Opinion Order ID Research Paper

… The law was further reduced in scope and usability when certain types of doctors and/or from certain departments were precluded from ever participating in a physician-assisted suicide. Other scholarly research has held that nurses should be flatly banned from ever participating in the practice even if the agree on a personal moral or religious basis. That being said, nurses can be a listening ear and a hand to hold. Indeed, part of nursing is being a soothing and helping presence even when death of any form or cause is basically assured. Nurses can help assist in deciding whether a person wanting to die and/or making decisions about medical care are lucid and able to make such decisions. Indeed, people that do not have such standing…. [read more]


Pros and Cons of Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… ¶ … Assisted Suicide

The fright of continuing endless agony, of remaining captive by medical devices, of waning physical reliability and individual self-esteem and being a cause of emotional and monetary depletion on one's near and dear ones - these frights gives force to the campaign for euthanasia and for physician-assisted suicide - PAS. The expressions willful active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide occasionally are referred interchangeably, bewildering both the medical procedures. Voluntary active euthanasia indicates an intentional involvement by somebody not including the patient whose life is threatened, unswervingly meant to put an end to that life. The victim should be able and fatally sick and should be provide a completely willing and relentless appeal for assistance in ending his life. (Gula, 1999) typical method…. [read more]


Against Euthanasia Death Term Paper

… S. Attorney General from allowing exceptions, and its effect would have overruled the Oregonian Death With Dignity law, which permits physicians to assist terminally ill people in committing suicide

The constitutionality of such a Federal law was highly doubtful. The U.S. Supreme Court decision of 1997 implied that states could pass laws, which permit physician - assisted suicide, and that individuals would then have a right to take advantage of these laws if they wish. The Federal Government would hardly be able to prevent such access. The law stalled in Congress and has not been revived at this writing.

If the law had been passed, it would have had a profound effect on the management of pain: from a positive aspect, patients currently unmedicated or…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide: Sin Against Faith & Hope Term Paper

… This is a disingenuous conclusion for a chapter that purportedly set out to examine the ideas on both sides of the argument. Instead, it is a superficial conclusion that falls in line with the superficial overview of the discussion at the heart of the euthanasia issue: “the moral rightness of killing or letting die for the good of the patient” (Vaughn, 2012, p. 625). Vaughn (2012) never gives an answer one way or another.

My View


My view on this matter is that the most appropriate ethical approach to physician-assisted suicide can be found in natural law as described in Roman Catholicism. In this view, as Vaughn (2012) points out, natural law would forbid “active and passive euthanasia, though the condemnation comes with qualifications” (p.…. [read more]


Ethics Assisted Suicide White Paper

… ¶ … tried to expand on areas that looked very week. You can copy and paste into your paper. If you have any questions or concerns let me know

I'd put this in either the first section the basic dispute section

The motivation that drives a person to pursue assisted suicide is an important issue in the debates regarding the ethics, legality, and what appropriate response to requests for assisted suicide should entail. Understanding the motivation is critically important to in order to determine if physician-assisted suicide should be considered a viable alternative for these individuals. The empirical literature has revealed three general categories of previously described explanations that people use to justify their desire to end their lives: (1) the most common reason for…. [read more]


To End a Suffering Term Paper

… Euthanasia (pro)

Debates regarding the ethical validity of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide date back to ancient times. However, it is reasonably safe to say that little progress has been made towards reaching a consensus one way of the other, either within the field of medicine or the field of philosophy, through the millennia that the topic has been discussed. Largely, this stalemate can be thought of as a consequence of the multiple moral and ethical positions that human societies, and those within them, are routinely required to take. First, each of us has a moral obligation within society to aid those around us -- either by working a job or through charity -- under the condition that the other members of society must aid us…. [read more]


Emotional Issues Thesis

… The thinking on this issue is that there are vulnerable members of society who lack the resources for quality care and support in their waning years will be, therefore, pushed into assisted suicide as a cost saving measure or that greedy family members will coerce such decisions.

Opponents of assisted suicide also argue that there is a sharp distinction between allowing nature to determine when and how someone dies is much different than allowing someone to make such determination. For adherents to this view, one approach, allowing nature to make such determination, is a passive act that does not involve human discretion while the other, allowing human input, is in actuality an act of killing. This argument is offered to refute the distinction between withholding…. [read more]


Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… On the contrary, the artificial extension of life imposes a state-defined state of existence, one that denies personal liberty and the possibility of ending pain and suffering. The terminally ill contend with degrees of physical pain that most moralists cannot fathom. Moreover, voluntary euthanasia is often the only means by which a dying person can regain control of their life. Just as each person should able to choose their own lifestyle, so too should individuals be able to decide when they have had enough of hanging on by a thread.

Permitting terminally ill patients, many of which suffer from extraordinary mental and physical pain, to end their lives also significantly helps the family members of those who suffer. No one likes to watch their loved…. [read more]


Father's Death Essay

… In short, desire for suicide may often, although not always, be prompted by other preventable conditions. Were these circumstances to be addressed, the patient's desire for suicide may be removed.

We can approach the problem of euthanasia form Kant's moral categorical imperative: Bringing Kant into the equation, we might renounce murder on the grounds of his Categorical Imperative: "Act only in accordance with that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it become a universal law" (G 4:421). No one (or very few of us) wish euthanasia to be so facile. Certain laws have to be put in place.

On the other hand, this is not so simple. Some times, a person's pain may be so overpowering for him or her…. [read more]

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