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Ethical Issues Surrounding Abortion Notwithstanding Term Paper

… In Virginia the Republican-dominated legislature earlier this year wrote legislation that requires "women to have a transvaginal ultrasound before they may have an abortion," (Glionna, 2012). The idea behind this legislation is apparently that when a woman sees the picture created by the ultrasound she will see a fetus and perhaps feel so guilty she won't want to carry through with the abortion. Or her moral side will kick in, and she will change her mind. Is it ethical for lawmakers to force a woman to have an ultrasound prior to a legal abortion? That in itself is another questions to be pondered; in the case of Virginia, the governor, Republican Bob McDonnell "ultimately rejected the mandatory transvaginal procedure" (Glionna, p. 1).

In Mississippi, a…. [read more]

Ethical Egoism and Abortion Research Paper

… The formula of universal law seems to offer a method for evaluating maxims of abortion that eschews the contentious question of whether the fetus is a person. This method also appears to render unnecessary the task of locating one duty in relation to which to understand abortion. (Dennis 2007, 547-8)

In other words, the Kantian ethical school -- against which ethical egoism tends to define itself -- is concerned with defining the ethics of abortion in terms of whether or not it would be morally good if the act of abortion were universal. Denis notes that Kantian approaches to finding abortion unethical can be formulated in different ways, and restricts herself to examining two different stances. The first suggests a thought experiment: if one is…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemma Confronting Unjust Authority Case Study

… Ethical Dilemma: Confronting Unjust Authority Case Study

Ethical dilemma

An ethical dilemma denotes a case in where one experiences a mental conflict whereby ethical obligations conflict in a way that any resolution is ethically intolerable. This implies that all the available options cannot be determined by guiding moral principles. An example is a situation whereby one has to decide between not to steal and to provide for a family that you cannot be able to provide for without stolen money (Garber, 2008). In such a case, stealing might be considered to be wrong by one person because of the fact that this person is using a wrong way to provide for his family. Conversely, someone else might consider it differently since this man has a…. [read more]

Ethical Decision-Making Project Case Study

… Ethical Decision Making Project

The traditional decision making model is what is really taught in a lot of ethics programs is outside the reading understanding level of an assessed 25% of the worker population. Many believe that their needs to be an alternative model that is capable of making sure that the ethical matters inherent in repetitive business situations could be effectively surfaced while making the model easy to use by people who were functionally semi-illiterate. It is clear that every employee is called upon to make decisions in the normal course of doing his/her job. Organizations cannot function effectively if employees are not empowered to make decisions consistent with their positions and responsibilities. With that said, the Dowd Model will be used in this…. [read more]

Ethical Advantages and Disadvantages Research Paper

… This event prompted Dubofsky (2007) and a number of other observers to ask, "Should judges be subject to term limits? If so, how long should a judge serve?" (p. 316).

Based on the fundamental differences between the judiciary and other branches of government in the U.S., though, Dubofsky (2007) suggests that term limits for judges "reflects a misunderstanding of the differences in our three branches of government and the need for independent courts" (p. 316). In support of this argument, Dubofsky cites the following reasons against an example 10-year term limit for judges:

1. Accountability already exists through the merit system for appointment, judicial performance review, and retention elections;

2. A maximum service of 10 years is too short for a judgeship applicant to give…. [read more]

Ethical Perspectives Ethical Decision Making Research Paper

… While her co-workers were removing the tubing, an unfortunate incident took place. Despite taking all the important precautions, Mr. Lee's esophagus started bleeding and developed hypotension. Soon after, his blood pressure dropped to the point where his brain developed ischemia. Now the nurse was faced with a legal ethical dilemma. The dilemma was that it she did not feel morally right to remove the tubing since she believed that the patient could die of the nutritional deficit because he was taking anything by mouth. Moreover, since the patient developed brain damage while removing the tubing, this even could have legal implications.

Topic 3

Radiology is quite a sensitive field of medical care and it also serves a very crucial purpose. Doctors and surgeons rely on…. [read more]

Ethical-Legal Nursing Discussions Research Paper

… Communication must be repeatedly absorbed on moral distress instead of expanding into more general self-exploration; the tradeoff cannot be permitted to go beyond limits that stop relaxed working together between sessions. Also, the individual cannot be a member of the administrative chain of command and must have an honest understanding of the issue. The individual should aid to expand viewpoints and expand doctor-nurse associations. The person must be aware of the continuing condition and, in that way, be able to spot sources and emblems of sudden rises in stress, which may specify moral distress. At the present time, countless hospitals use a comparable concept, known as "Moral Distress Consult Service," where the adviser performs in much the same style as a "Liaison Psychiatrist."

Recommendation 2:…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemma Essay

… From the company's perspective, the shareholdres are only going to be served if the lobbying effort succeeds, and only for the short run. If the effort does not succeed, then the company is likely to be subject to backlash thar harms it..

Society at large is not likely to see any particular adverse outcomes. Evidence from places with a drinking age of 18 shows that there is no reason why young adults of that age cannot be allowed to consume beer. Indeed, in Eureop the countries with the biggest binge drinkning problems tend to be those with nanny-state policies like those in the United States . By making alcohol a forbidden fruit, its consumption is encouraged and worse yet this consumption must be clandestine. This…. [read more]

Forensic Psychologist's Legal Responsibilities and Rights Research Paper

… Legal Rights and Responsibilities in Forensic Psychology

The forensic field has expanded and broadened during the last fifty years or so. Since forensic psychology differs from conventional psychology, special attention has been given in developing ethical and legal rights and responsibilities. This paper summarizes the legal rights and responsibilities of a forensic psychologist in light of the guidelines developed and published by American Psychological Association.

Discussion of rights and responsibilities of forensic psychologists

Duties of a forensic psychologist


The forensic professionals should practice truthfulness and honesty in their fieldwork of forensic psychology and shouldn't misrepresent information regardless.

Being impartial and fair

While offering professional advice and opinion, the forensic scientists should be impartial, fair and unbiased. Due to the gravity of the situation, they…. [read more]

Ethical and Legal Perspectives in Health Care Essay

… Ethical and Legal Perspectives in Health Care


Data processing is part of the procurement of healthcare. Patients have data that they share with medical staff, and the healthcare professionals share information with patients, as well. A myriad of healthcare institutions share and generate data on the patients and medical employees with the end goal to administer the provision of healthcare (McWay & McWay, 2010).

Data should stream for the whole framework to function. The organization and its individuals must provide data. Compulsion to share data comes to be morally testing, and this is the reason the relationship between the patient and the doctor has long been controlled on the foundation of trust. The innovative principle of privacy is benchmarked explicitly on protection. Healthcare professionals…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemmas and Marketing Essay

… Other theorists agree that stakeholder theory embraces Rawls' (1971) second principle of justice despite efforts by Freeman (Phillips,. 2003) to argue otherwise. Rawls (1971) argued that inequalities that exist in society between those who have and those who have not are only acceptable when such a difference results in the overall good of society. Rawls continues to call for the redistribution of wealth. James Stieb (2008) contends that Freeman's (2003) stakeholder theory aligns with such redistribution efforts despite Freeman's own insistence that stakeholder theory is rooted in libertarian principles (2002). Stieb (2008) argues that Freeman presents stakeholder theory as primarily an attempt to "redistribute benefits to stakeholders and redistribute important decision-making power to stakeholders" (p. 405). However, Stieb's charge is unsubstantiated by an examination of…. [read more]

Ethical Standards in Research Research Paper

… Ethical Standards in Research

Research has become a part of the modern educational system. In all fields of study, research data and papers are used to test a pupil's knowledge and assess their skills to deal and grip a specific scenario that is presented to them. These scenarios can be in various forms, one such being case studies and research-based papers. For the purpose of completing their research papers, students are allowed to access information from various other resources which can be in the forms of books, journal papers, news articles, etc. All the external data that has been selected to complete a research paper cannot be deemed to be the work of the student writing the research paper. All the authors and owners of…. [read more]

Ethical Concerns of Him Professional Essay

… There is much importance when it comes to the management of the available resources much of which exist in the information. Information is sensitive and can lead to the destruction or growth of an organization. In order to secure the existence and future development of any organization in the world, it becomes important and relevant to assure trust to the available avenues of production and safety in the organization.

Ethical concerns cater for the release of information to the immediate public. The public is one of the entities that should be protected from the damage that can be caused by the unnecessary disarray of the information at hand. In order to ensure that all the properties of management within an information sector have been taken…. [read more]

Circumcision: Ethical, Religious, Medical and Legal Perspective Term Paper


Circumcision is one of the most common operations performed in the United States. A practice that gained popularity mainly in 1960s-1970s is still quite common considering that six out of every ten male children are circumcised in the country even today.While there has been a wealth of research on the subject, now more leaning towards discrediting of many of its benefits, still law doesn't prohibit the practice. In fact law has actually worked in favor of circumcision over the years and does provide protection to male circumcision.

Circumcision has basically been a religious ritual which gained immense support when medical journals and studies around the country came up with reliable information regarding health benefits of circumcision. For most…. [read more]

Ethical-Legal Dillema in Advanced Nursing Case Study

… Therefore, accepting the suggestions provided by the nurse does not assure life, but an immediate response to a life-threatening condition based on the nursing practices. For this reason, the right to autonomy empowers the patient to accept the preferred mode of diagnosis. However, the healthcare provider has the right to respect that autonomy to exercise ethical belief.

However, there are various aspects of euthanasia practice are overlooked if nurses adhere to patient's autonomy as the major moral element. In the first place, a critical issue in the debate resulting in the legal acceptance of euthanasia is the exceptional character of termination of life by the nurse. Even though autonomy is a common value in medical practice, practicing euthanasia entails several impacts on life. Comfort care…. [read more]

Ethical and Legal Issues Term Paper

… Indeed, most online businesses are only keen to adhere to the minimum legal requirements, and hence few go beyond the set legal limits. A quick check reveals that to confirm the age of the buyer, most online businesses only demand that the said buyer ticks a box, whereby in so doing they verify that they are of a certain age. In that regard, as much as this is a legal issue, it could also be regarded an ethical issue.

When it comes to enforcement of contracts, it is important to note that unlike is the case with traditional approaches to business; ecommerce presents numerous challenges when it comes to the enforcement of legal contracts. Contract law, in basic terms, seeks to address both the formation…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemmas Surrounding DNR Research Paper

… It is not easy for physicians to determine when resuscitation might just save a life or when it might just be futile. Physicians have the responsibility of saving lives, but they should also respect the patients' end of life preferences.

These ethical principles also pose serious challenges to the health care providers when handling patients, who are suicidal. These dilemmas come up because of the conflicts among the principles in addition to the legal, economic, and religious standards. The advance directives movement initiated thought and ideologies that it is not appropriate to extend a life without giving a person an accepted quality of life. This has influenced the society to take the autonomy of the patient's decision regarding life as paramount (Cook et al. 10).…. [read more]

Ethical Issues in Family Research Paper

… Family marriage and therapy and is more than just a new technique or excellent treatment technique - it comprises a whole tolerant of human behavior and the conceptualization of problems (Scher, 2012). Despite the fact all of the helping professions share a shared heritage, there are vital theoretical and methodological changes that need moral codes of behavior and consecutive training that speak to matters that are specific to family and marriage therapy (McLaurin L.S., 2003).

A lot of these issues started from the systemic theoretical framework that prevails in the marriage and family therapy vocation. Huber (1994) makes the description that a universal epistemology as one that emphases on the interdependence between and amongst persons, material discussion, and circular feedback devices. As in opposition to…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemma Facts: My Client Essay

… Revealing that a client is willing to commit perjury necessarily reveals damaging information about the client. In this scenario, revealing that Justin King is willing to commit perjury would also reveal that King has acknowledged being intoxicated on the date of the accident, and there is no other evidence to prove King's intoxication on that date. Doing so would undoubtedly harm King's case, and could also subject King to criminal prosecution, and, therefore, would not be in the client's best interest. However, placing King on the stand and allowing him to offer perjured testimony would be a violation of the Model Rules. Fortunately, the legal team's options go beyond revealing confidential client information or offering perjured testimony. The first thing that the legal team needs…. [read more]

Ethical Issues Facing a MA Criminal Attorney Essay

… Legal Ethics

Practical Ethical Issues Facing a Criminal Defense Attorney as Defined in the Massachusetts Rules of Professional Conduct

In the Preamble to the Massachusetts Rules of Professional Conduct, a lawyer's primary responsibilities are identified as a representative of the client, an officer of the legal system, and a public citizen with a special charge for maintaining the quality of justice. The relationship between these three basic roles is, as the Preamble goes on to note, usually harmonious (par. 6). These three distinct responsibilities, however, can come into conflict during the course of providing a zealous legal defense for a client charged with the commission of a crime. Many of the practical ethical issues that a criminal defense attorney will almost certainly face over the…. [read more]

Ethical Decision 'Not to Resuscitate Essay

… It should be remembered that there is not a single kind of consent but many. Therefore, the doctors must see what sort of consent is applicable in a specific situation and then act accordingly (J., 2005).

First of all, the doctors and nurses should remember that the consent should always be in form of a typed paper. However, most of the times because of common practice and to save time many consultants just the verbal consent. Either way, consent should be proper and the doctor must only proceed if the patient agrees (Nandimath, 2009).

The kind of consent that the doctors are required to take from the patient in most of the cases is the informed consent. In this type of consent, the doctors tell…. [read more]

Ethical Problems in Business Principle Research Paper

… his ethical obligations towards the firm (Ferrell, Ferrell, Hirt, 2010).

Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations (FSGO) Details (Lawrence, Weber, Post, 2004):

In 1991, U.S. Sentencing Commission circulated FSGO to impose punishment upon those corporations or organizations whose employees or other agents have committed federal crimes.

The guidelines promote the use of effective programs to prevent these ethical issues from arising by prescribing seven measures that need to be taken care of.

Implementation and compliance of standard to reduce criminal conduct

Assignment of high level personnel for ensuring compliance

Avoid giving assignment to individuals who t have a risky past

Ensure all standards and procedures are properly communicated and the required training is provided

Establish compliance monitoring and audit systems along with proper reporting systems where…. [read more]

Ethical Dilemmas: Forensic Psychologists Assessing the Competency Essay

… Ethical Dilemmas: Forensic Psychologists Assessing the Competency of Inmates to Be Executed

For most psychologists, working with patients in order to improve their mental health is a goal that presents no ethical conflicts; it is seen as an unmitigated positive to improve a patient's mental health. However, there is one area where a psychologist improving a patient's mental health is not in that patient's best interest: helping make a mentally ill patient competent so that the inmate can be executed. The current state of U.S. law prohibits the execution of the mentally ill. However, in the context of this prohibition, mental illness is narrowly defined. Rather than prohibiting the execution of any person diagnosed with a mental illness, the prohibition only applies to those people…. [read more]

Ethical Code of Conduct Essay

… The firm is open to diversity and even encourages it because of our frequent communication with people in other countries.


No sexual, emotional or physical harassment would ever be tolerated. The company will take strict notice of harassment made in any manner including personal communication, emails, text messages etc. If an employee comes with the complaint of harassment against another employee, company will take into consideration every evidence presented and will immediately begin investigation.

Family and Personal Issues:

The company provides its employees with all required support for maintenance of better family-work balance. The firm therefore encourages employees to sometimes work from home, to take time off, to utilize their paid vacation days and to discuss their unique situations with HR managers to find…. [read more]

Legal and Ethical Environment Research Paper

… ("Australian Mine Disaster," 1998) (Perrin, 2010)

In the case of BHP Billiton, they have faced the same amount of scrutiny, but have engaged in a policy of denying any wrong doing. This has caused many different accidents to be swept under the rug. From a political standpoint, the company can use this strategy to slow any kind of regulatory actions and influence various laws. Socially, this policy has allowed the company to maintain a certain public image (by not accepting full responsibility for accidents). Ethically, the BHP Billiton managers are more focused on addressing the company's profit objectives. This means that they have to reduce costs (including safety) to meet this goal. Legally, the company can use this strategy to force investigators to prove that…. [read more]

Legal Environment of Business Term Paper

… Legal Business Environment

Legal Environment of Business

Modern businesses have to operate under a variety of laws and regulations. The business manger has to ensure that all federal and state mandate laws are followed to avoid litigation and penalties. In addition to the laws on the books the businesses also have to be sensitive to the public opinion and ethics. Some of the ethical issues are covered by law but others may be related to the public image of the company and may be of equal importance to some businesses.


Interaction between Ethics and Law

As ethics and law increasingly become interwoven, it is becoming more and more difficult to create distinction between the two. Both ethics and law deal with…. [read more]

Ethical Issue in the Medical Term Paper

… Supporters additionally claim that pro-abortionists consider humans simply as being a simple tactic to achieve a purpose as abortion may be viewed as a removing of the unborn infant wherein the pregnant female will no longer have any consideration. A lot of people feel concerned that the accessibility to abortion on justification of baby abnormality promotes bias in the direction of any individual having a handicap as well as insidiously yields the perception that the only useful individuals are people who comply with some ill-defined label associated with "normality" (BMA, 2007a).

Some individuals, who battle abortion generally, acknowledge that it might be sensible in extremely unique situations like where it is actually the outcome of sexual assault or the result of exploitation of a young…. [read more]

Ethical Problem(s) Relevant Values Stakeholders Research Paper

… He had excellent analytical skills, he focused more on the reformation of justice system e.g. penal system of Britain and English legal code, and he termed it, "Demon of Chicane," rather than facilitating the status quo system. This leads us to the conclusion that Jeremy Bentham was more of a philosopher of his time. He was continuously busy in finding new ways and theories to define the laws he had created. Secularism was popular in Jeremy Bentham's time. Therefore, his ideas and beliefs were highly influenced by it. He looked for conclusions dependant on the material explanation of good and bad, right and wrong. Furthermore, he criticized Christianity and said that it was too much based on institutions. David Hume (1711-1776) and French philosopher Claude-Adrien…. [read more]

Legal Aspects of Medical Errors Case Study

… Therefore, in this particular aspect of the case, the physician is not legally liable however, due to the failure of the physician to gain consent of the infant's parents for treatment, he is legally liable along with the pharmacists, the nurse, and the hospital as a whole.

II. Did the provider fail in any way to adhere to ethical standards? How might this have impacted the patient outcome?

The provider failed to gain the consent of the parents for treatment of the minor child. Had this consent been sought the entire situation and the death of the child would have been avoided.

III. If noted in the scenario, how did the provider interact with the patient or family after the error came to light?

This…. [read more]

Ethical Case Analysis JOHNSO62 on the 27 Research Paper

… Ethical Case Analysis


On the 27 July 2003, the oil tanker Tasman Spirit carrying approximately 67, 535 tons of crude Iranian Light oil ran aground in the channel port of Karachai (Janjua, Kasi & Nawaz, 2006) . In the weeks following the initial grounding of the vessel rough sea conditions as well as weather and structural damage resulted in the large scale release of crude oil into the beach area. It was determined that well over 35,000 tons of cargo was spilled into the sea (Janjua, Kasi & Nawaz, 2006).

Crude oil is composed of many chemical compounds including several which can become airborne when exposed to the correct conditions. These compounds are extremely volatile and pose significant health risks not only to local…. [read more]

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