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Ethical Issues Surrounding Abortion Notwithstanding Term Paper

… In Virginia the Republican-dominated legislature earlier this year wrote legislation that requires "women to have a transvaginal ultrasound before they may have an abortion," (Glionna, 2012). The idea behind this legislation is apparently that when a woman sees the picture created by the ultrasound she will see a fetus and perhaps feel so guilty she won't want to carry through with the abortion. Or her moral side will kick in, and she will change her mind. Is it ethical for lawmakers to force a woman to have an ultrasound prior to a legal abortion? That in itself is another questions to be pondered; in the case of Virginia, the governor, Republican Bob McDonnell "ultimately rejected the mandatory transvaginal procedure" (Glionna, p. 1).

In Mississippi, a…. [read more]

Ethical Theories and Abortion Issues in Contemporary Term Paper

… Ethical Theories and Abortion Issues

In contemporary American society, elective abortion remains one of the most controversial political, social, and moral issues. While the debate is often reduced to matters of religious belief, the issues are also addressable through purely secular ethical concepts. In that regard, the deontological, utilitarian, and virtue-based ethical perspectives may yield very different answers to the underlying moral question of terminating pregnancy. However, in many respects, each philosophical view is also capable of supporting more than one answer, depending on the assumptions and definitions used in the analysis.

All three perspectives provide specific considerations that are helpful to identifying the most important issues for moral consideration, but in that regard, a comprehensive objective approach to human morality may actually require incorporating…. [read more]

Abortion Is a Social Issue and Problem Thesis

… Abortion is a social issue and problem that has elicited a great amount of controversy and debate in countries and societies throughout the world. The central general concern which this debate revolves around is the issue of social norms and values. From a sociological perspective the issue of abortion can be analyzed in terms of the conflict model of society from the perspective of either Marx or Coser and the competition between different view and values of various groups within the matrix of the society.

On the one hand many people in society oppose abortion in terms of normative value structures which often are manifested in religious principles and ideologies. This refers to the issues such as the sanctity of life and the view that…. [read more]

Abortion Term Paper

… They are of the view that human fetus must be given a chance of life as it deserves to live as much as any normal living human being. For example, if I told you that there is a poor family with seven children and the mother is pregnant with the eighth baby, she is unhealthy and wire thin, would you say it is wise or reasonable for her to opt for abortion. Well if your answer was yes, you just killed the world famous symphony composer, Beethoven. Anti-abortion circles argue that while a woman has right to decide her future, she must not be given the right to completely destroy the future of another human being. Even if a woman feels she is incapable of…. [read more]

Navigating Abortion Care Ethics for Nursing Professionals Thesis

… From the perspective of the NRLC, the 3,000 mother-helping centers that have been established around the country undermine the proposition that unwanted children actually exist. These centers provide crisis intervention for pregnant women, including medical assistance, educational opportunities, housing, and when available, job training. In addition, the NRLC reports that there are up to 36 couples waitlisted for every adoption taking place in this country. In light of these statistics and from the perspective of the NRLC, an unwanted birth is nothing more than a convenient argument to justify infanticide and fill the bank accounts of abortionists.

The fourth main prochoice argument discussed by the NRLC is that ending legalized abortion will not end abortion, because abortions will be performed illegally (Turner & Balch, 2013).…. [read more]

Pro-Life Abortion Term Paper

… Abortion (Pro Life)

Not many people disagree when a law is passed that is objective and does not impact religious beliefs and value systems. For example, some individuals protested the speed limit of 55 mph on many federal highways. However, the situation changes significantly when people view the law, or intended law, as acceptable or unacceptable due to different ethical considerations. The abortion issue falls into this second category. Abortion has most likely been the most heated issue in American society for the past half of a century. Relating to all aspects of social, political, philosophical and religious areas of life, the issue has divided the country when it needs most to be united. America was founded on the principals of democracy, or middle ground…. [read more]

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Thesis

… Their work shouldn't be interpreted as a move to jettison the pursuit of objectivity, however. Rather, it is an effort to identify how "to triangulate across multiple fallible perspectives" (Trocham, 2006) in order to achieve objectivity. According to Trocham (2006), objectivity can be obtained through the efforts of many individuals -- through the conscientious critique of science by truth-seekers in their respective fields -- and not by any one individual. Trocham reminds the reader that "[w]e never achieve objectivity perfectly, but we can approach it" (2006).

Empiricism -- as a methodological assumption of the epistemological paradigm -- is a limited means of acquiring truth and knowledge. Therefore, an exploratory review of literature is an apt choice. Gastmans (1998) and Beauchamp (2007) reveal ethical theory and…. [read more]

Ethical Communication the Definition Term Paper

… A formidable proportion of the published studies (and presumably and even higher proportion of the unpublished studies) have failed to show overall effects sizable enough to reach the conventionally accepted.05 level of statistical significance. Some respectable studies in several of the dozen impact areas do have impacts significant at the.05 level, but even these tend to have very small effect sizes, accounting for no more than 2 or 3% of the variance in the dependent variables such as consumer purchases, voting behavior, and viewer aggression." (p. 177)

Such over-bending, grand models as the hypodermic-needle theory, as well as limited-effects are of diminutive worth to pragmatic researchers involved in crafting precise studies. The 1960 to 1980 era shaped a mixture of small-scale models, which identified sub-procedures…. [read more]

Cultural Diversity and Ethical Essay

… Alternatively, in the African context, couples only discuss sex related issues in their bedrooms. This is because as mentioned above, issues related to sex are not allowed to be discussed in the open. Researchers have reported that while pursing the topic in the African culture, participants reviewed the topic and requested that issues related to sex and sexuality must be deleted. This is because it is a taboo to discuss such issues (Matsumoto, Yoo & LeRoux, 2007).

The African culture and American culture differ of many practices and issues. For this reason, Americans and Africans find it offensive and difficult to understand each other. Such issues and practices include female genital mutilation, circumcision, abortion, premarital sex, and extramarital affairs. Conversely, the African people find U.S.…. [read more]

Maududi Theory and Communism Jihad Thesis

… Mawdudi Islamic Theory and Communism

The comparison of Islam and Communism as political ideologies does indeed spur academic debate, and no one would be speaking out of turn to say that there indeed exist similarities between Islam and Communism as political governances. The trained mind of the academician could also probably find like similarities between Islam and Capitalism: a minority of the population is allowed to live in ostentatious wealth, while the majority of the population between comfortable and abject poverty. The subject of this essay, however, is the political similarities drawn between Islam and Communism as governances, because of late Islamists like Sayyid Abul A'la Mawdudi (1960) entered the ring of ancient and contemporary philosophers promoting Islam not as just a religious ideology, but…. [read more]

Neonatal Ethics Term Paper

… ¶ … neonatal ethics and have presented my view regarding the topic. I have also managed to integrate philosophical and historical perspectives regarding neonatal care and ethics. In the end, I have given my personal opinion concerning the solution of the issues at stake.

The ethical debate regarding the proper care of severely unwell infants is one of the oldest debates in medical sciences. In the present times, approaches that are extremely unusual have been taken to decide about the care of such newborns. This is the reason why it is exceedingly important to analyze the ethical concepts and arguments about many issues concerning the neonatal medicine. Such ethical debates revolve around "the value of human life; the role of best interests; the deliberate ending…. [read more]

Justice and Security Free Balance Essay

… Changes in technology and mass communication with the effects these have on the justice and security areas

Issues involving individual's rights and the needs of the justice system when maintaining order and public safety have been a controversial topic for many years. The Constitution has many who think it should be written to today's requirements in the world. The First Amendment is one of the hardest hit when it comes to public safety and individual's rights. When a person is out protesting, they could cause a riot due to the words they say. The two topics that this happens with are religion and abortion. Many street preachers who will say the God's words to any who will listen and many do not want to listen…. [read more]

Agrees That Ethics Research Paper

… This principle is particularly problematic in today's society as evidenced by the debate over health insurance that is presently plaguing the country.

IV. Ethical Theories

Each of these principles is important and should be honored as much as possible. Unfortunately in the real world there are situations where one principle may have to be compromised in order to real the best result. For example, there may be a situation where the principle of justice might need to be sacrificed for the sake of beneficence or vice versa. This is to be expected in the health care arena as difficult decisions are often presented. In this regard, as a practicing Roman Catholic I can expect such circumstances to appear often. My responsibility is to establish a…. [read more]

Social Advocacy in Counseling PhD Model Answer

… " Indeed many of the tenets and precepts of current social justice advocates are aligned with the postmodernist philosophy, which has been associated with Marxist principles by many scholars (e.g., see Johnson, 2009; Nicholson & Seidman, 1995). This is not to suggest that social advocacy is a "communist plot" but instead is an attempt to understand how social justice advocates may instead attempt to promote certain political agendas in the name of science. There is no denying that upbringing, environment, and experience shape who we are (this has always been the fundamental psychological principle of human behavior), but social advocates may attempt to exploit this principle in terms of certain agendas. The issues of social change are tackled by political scientists, social researchers, and sociologists…. [read more]

Teen Pregnancy Term Paper

… Teen Pregnancy -- Boston, MA

Teenage pregnancy is medically defined as a pregnancy in a woman who has not yet reached her 20th birthday. Legally, it has numerous definitions, depending upon the country and culture of origin. . This definition does not assume marriage, nor if the woman is legally an adult (depending on the country). Certainly over the years, the idea of pregnancy at an early age has undergone significant changes -- there were times when it was necessary for women to begin their childbearing years earlier due to demographics, lifespan, and other psychographical issues. In the modern, developed world, however, teenage pregnancy is associated with not only social issues, but of dramatic political, economic, and medical issues surrounding the mother, child, and family…. [read more]

Legalization and Regulation of Prostitution From a Criminological Perspective Term Paper

… Criminological Perspective: Legalization of Prostitution Ecdriesbaugh

Legalization of Prostitution: Criminological Perspective

Existing laws jeopardize the lives of sex workers. Prostitutes go into darker and deeper corners to avoid criminal prosecution, and as a consequence, complicate the outreach worker's efforts to interact with them. Predators know these prostitutes will not report any abusive or violent behavior, and therefore, view the street prostitute as fair game to hunt, rape, mutilate, and kill whenever they have the inkling to do so. Sex workers are particularly vulnerable to sexual assault, but first let us start with the fact that there is nothing good or dignified about prostitution. It is distasteful, somewhat animalistic, demoralizing, and degrading to the human spirit; however, sex work does provide an opportunity for people to…. [read more]

Social Contracts: Media Articulation Annotated Bibliography

… 174). Moreover, shifts in the popular perception of same-sex marriages will likely be reflected in the content of mainstream media coverage. For instance, Holz-Ivory et al. add that, "When these groups finally do attain visibility, their representation will reflect the biases and interests of those elites who define the public agenda" (2008, p. 174). Just as the gay and lesbian community has used high-profile events such as parades to heighten community awareness, there is a growing recognition among proponents of same-sex marriage that the mainstream media is a key strategic device to gaining support from the "straight" American public. For instance, according to Landau, "Countless communication scholars argue that visibility in mass media is an important goal of the gay and lesbian movement because some…. [read more]

Family Law Surrogacy Term Paper

… Commercial Surrogacy

The issue of commercial surrogacy cuts straight to the heart of some of the most contentious discussions in bioethics and law, because the sheer range of stakeholders, coupled with deeply-rooted cultural beliefs regarding the sanctity of the body, the mother, and the child, makes it so that any discussion of commercial surrogacy is certain to produce uncomfortable confrontations between tradition, commerce, and best practices. In the past, legislation and the practice of law has attempted to give due deference to the concerns of the stakeholders involved, but it has been difficult as relaxed notions of the body and its relation to commerce and labor confront traditional ideas about motherhood, gestation, and the rights of a parent. In particular, even as advancing humanitarian and…. [read more]

Ileana Final Portfolio Bioethics Essay

… Other examples include the Willowbrook and Tuskeegee experiments in Unit Four, which I had heard about but only in a diffuse anecdotal sense. Now I have a more formal understanding of the justification behind human subjects review and the importance of Institutional Review Board oversight before any experiment no matter how seemingly innocuous the treatment.

Once we had identified and mastered the concepts underlying these theories, we demonstrated their application in modern ethical controversies. The result was the realization that these ethics are each a process toward obtaining answers for sophisticated modern moral problems. Applying these historic perspectives played out through selection of examples that demonstrate how these methods provide a framework and process to evaluate new ethical conundrums Kant, Bentham, Mill or Aquinas likely…. [read more]

Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]

Life and Death Book Review

… The author even goes on further with some ideas of how the legislation needs to be really being changed in order to lawfully inspect and receive circumstances of euthanasia.

The book also goes on to talk about many other areas to the reader for example, how this misrepresenting of the border line has left a lot of people with sensitive questions about pain and suffering and how it not only effects the patient but also people around them such as their family and friends (Schemmer, 1998, p. 83 paragraph 2). Schemmer goes a little further and discusses other topics such as the quality of life, death with dignity, and the costs of long-term care. He mentions that people can really discover many different helpful answers…. [read more]

Person Within the Christian Worldview Term Paper

… I do believe that medical treatments can help people keep from suffering from terrible diseases, too, and that they are necessary for the well-being of everyone.

I do not believe, however, that all types of medical intervention are acceptable. I do not believe in genetic intervention, because I believe that is taking medicine too far, and doctors and researchers are trying to play "God." I also do not believe in the way they are obtaining many of their genetic materials (from stem cells and umbilical cord blood, for example), and I do not think we should be funding this type of research. I understand that the goals of genetic intervention are to end suffering from some terrible diseases and save lives, but I do not…. [read more]

Death: Suicide, Euthanasia Term Paper

… The is also the consideration of impact this practice will have on society and the way society may devalue life when it becomes a commodity that can be taken rather than cherished at all costs. The appearance of control and dignity may also be misleading, as the pain caused to those left behind may be immense, especially if they have strong religious beliefs. The argument against the use of euthanasia or assisted suicide used by the Pope was that these people are at their weakest at the point before death, and that in religious terms this, along with abortion, was a "slaughter of the innocents" (Pope John Paul II in a letter to the world's bishops). This letter also raised concerns regarding the overall morals…. [read more]

Religious Ethics in Comparison Dissertation

… For the second Precept ("…would you sell an employer's secret to a competing company?") men and women both indicated they would take the money and sell out their employer. Men and women both said they would violate the third Precept ("…would you leave your girl/boyfriend or separate from your spouse?") and they would also take the money by going against the 4th Precept ("…would you falsify a report saying a client was a good risk when he wasn't?"). But men were more likely to agree with the 5th Precept ("…would you drink a bottle of whiskey every day for a year?"). If there was a similar study of Christians or Muslims one could fairly compare those two denominations with this Buddhist investigation, but those studies…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast the Differing Definitions of Critical Term Paper

… ¶ … integrating critical as well as thinking. But several earlier conceptualizations try to concentrate primarily on the process of thinking and avoid its important qualifier, i.e of critical. Hence they tend to give over importance to the process of thinking and reduce the importance of critical aspects. Encouraging and facilitating the process of critical thinking of students is now being considered as an increasingly significant objective for higher education. Analyzing the element of critical thinking of students is important for estimating its progress. (Cheung; Kwan; Yue, 2002) Those whose education have not trained them to deal critically with issues as well as conflicts are in fact not being enabled to interact efficiently with other people, whether be it be the same or varied from…. [read more]

Capital Punishment and Being Catholic Research Paper

… Death Sentence

Capital Punishment And Being Catholic

Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment and Being Catholic

The issue of the death penalty is one that is fraught with ethical, moral as well as theological questions and problems. Generally this is related to the view that the taking of life is seen from a theological view as problematic, as life is deemed to be sacred and a gift from God. In essence this means that the implementation of capital punishment goes against the Christian principle that "Thou shalt not kill" (Exodus 20:13) and the ethos of compassion and care of modern Christianity and Catholicism.

However, on the other side of the argument and from a more secular but equally ethical perspective, is the view that the innocent should…. [read more]

Right to Life Essay

… Autonomy is also dishonored when people are pushed to do things against their will. This clearly explains why using an individual for another's gain is wrong; and so same rule applies in Baby Theresa's case too. Transplanting Baby Theresa's organs would be "using her" in every moral sense and it is wrong to kill one person to save another person's life.

Capital Punishment

Most recent facts and evidences suggested that capital punishment has a considerable deterrent effect, putting a stop to as many as eighteen or more murders for every death sentence. However, these evidences have greatly disturbed moral objections to the death penalty, as it means that a refusal to compel that penalty actually convicts numerous people to execution since among them are also…. [read more]

Social Sciences in Education Essay

… "There also are disparate cultural traditions: the pragmatic strand in American social science vs. The stronger pull exerted by Marxism in Europe and Japan. (Jacoby 2005 827)."

Contemporary Issues in Interdisciplinary Educational Settings

Contemporary issues at local, national, and international levels provide social science educators with valuable opportunities to engage students in conversations that instill critical analysis skills. While factual accuracy is always an educational goal, the social science curriculum, particularly within interpretivist constructions, aim to develop less tangible skills in students which are of critical importance in the social sciences: the ability to debate effectively and conscientiously, multicultural respect and tolerance, and the ability to understand a broad and specific social and historical themes and events. Discussion-based learning is a valuable by-product of multidisciplinary…. [read more]

Female Genital Mutilation and Violence Against Women Thesis



Violence against Women


While the population for this study is women worldwide, since gender violence is a matter for all women, that particular focus for this research is the topic of Female Genital Mutilation. Certain cultural pockets both in Africa and the Mid-East have practiced what is know culturally as female circumcision, but also now referred to as of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), usually by those who do not practice it. There are variations as to how and who performs these surgeries; frequently they are preformed without anesthesia and by unlicensed surgical practitioners, often by midwives or other family members. It is a tradition that usually goes back many generations and its origins are often quite difficult…. [read more]

Micro Mezzo Macro Human Development Perspective Essay

… Personality describes someone\'s characteristic thought, behavior, and emotion pattern, together with psychological mechanisms behind these patterns. Individual variations in personality traits are linked to several life aspects, including criminal behavior, job performance, as well as health behavior. Even though these personality traits display means level variation across an individual\'s life, there also seems to be some considerable stability of individual variations in personalities, even over numerous years (Harris, Brett, Johnson & Deary, 2016). Personality mainly depends on lasting patterns of behavioral, cognitive, and emotional tendencies. Although personality traits are lasting, they don\'t essentially stay at a fixed strength all through an individual\'s life (Gordon, 2009). It was initially thought that personalities were fixed by the time an individual gets to their 30s, but the latest…. [read more]

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