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Ethics and Moral Theory Essay

… Ethics - Moral Theory


Life is Beautiful and Dishonesty:

The movie Life is Beautiful (1998) portrays the life of Guido Orefice, a Jewish tourist traveling in Italy just before the outbreak of World War II. Under Fascist rule, Italian Jews were rounded up and dispatched to Nazi extermination camps as part of Hitler's "Final Solution" to Europe's "Jewish problem." To keep his five-year-old son Giosue from being frightened by the ordeal, Guido tells him that their purpose for traveling by train to Germany is to compete in a contest to win a shiny new tank because the child greatly admired military vehicles. The film suggests that Guido's deception was justified by its purpose and raises the larger…. [read more]

Ethics and Morality Term Paper

… So the conclusion is that either accepts the principle that might is right or accepts the fact that by cooperating with others is a better approach to attaining self-interests.

Utilitarianism is a modern form of the Hedonistic ethical theory, which promotes that the end of human conduct is happiness, and that the outcome of discriminating between right and wrong is pleasure and pain. Utilitarianism does not associate morality with religion but links determinism with its other tenets, making this ethical theory relatively more positive.

Virtue theory places its foundation of morality entirely on the development of good character traits, or virtues. Therefore, a person is good, if he has virtues and has no vices. Virtues include courage, temperance, justice, prudence, fortitude, liberality, and truthfulness. Some…. [read more]

Moral Theory and Virtue Ethics Essay

… However, the desire to do the act must be exhibited through a moral virtue habit. Therefore, moral virtue is different from intellectual virtue, because the desire differs from the reason. Thus, just as the desire is a human action principle as far as reason is concerned, moral habits must be considered virtues as they conform to reason.

Traits that have been thought to be virtues








What traits do you find most important in your personal relationships?

A positive attitude is directly linked to a better personal relationship, greater success, and superior health. A positive attitude can boost my energy, inspire relationships, increase my inner strength, and generate the fortitude needed to counter challenges. In most cases, positive thinking…. [read more]

Ethics in the Workplace Organizational Essay

… However, they would also be at risk of getting laid off unless they bring in some business to the hotel.

The management of the hotel could face a cut in its salaries if the request is rejected and business continues to suffer. If the request is accepted, they would benefit from the increased revenue and raised profile of the hotel. However, it could lead to grievance issues and complaints of discrimination against black employees. Negative media publicity would also result in public humiliation and probably litigation and termination.

The guests would experience comfort as a result of compliance with their wishes. It would also give them the leverage to gain acceptance of further requests during their stay. They would also suffer from the service quality…. [read more]

Ethics Compare the Similarities Essay

… This is addressing ethics and morality by illustrating how the beliefs and actions will determine if someone is accepting these attributes. ("Deontological Ethics," 2007)

A personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories

A personal experience involving these different theories occurred when I was driving a friend to the hospital (who was suffering from a heart attack). To reach the hospital sooner, I was breaking the speed limit and running stop signs / red lights. I successfully brought them to the emergency room and they were treated for the condition.

A few days later, the doctor told me how I was lucky. This is because my friend's situation was becoming more severe.…. [read more]

Ethics and Morality: Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Rights Ethics Principles Essay

… According to the categorical imperative, Dr. Myrick's action was ethically wrong; first, because it cannot be taken as universal law (we cannot have everybody who is seeking to find a cure for something kill one person just to save the rest); secondly, it does not treat humanity as both the means and the end (the person left to die is not less of a human being); and third, causing the death of a person, for whatever reason, does not harmonize with the laws of the land.

Real Life Example of Violation of Rights Ethics Principles

A New York Times article titled 'Iraq is a Pediatrician Hell: No Way to Stop the Dying' focuses on the problems faced by sick Iraqi children. Sanctions imposed by the…. [read more]

Moral Questions and Moral Theory Essay

… , 2009). It is not possible to create organs in a synthetic way, so that has to be ruled out as an option when a person is attempting to decide the morality of organ donation. Other choices may appear in the future, but they will not be something that will come to light in any kind of quick manner. At this point, all one has to go on when it comes to deciding if he or she should be an organ and tissue donor are the ways in which the donation of organs and tissue can be accomplished given the current abilities of medicine. Overall, the idea of organ and tissue donation is something that is very personal and something about which each person has…. [read more]

Ethics of Care Serve as a Clever Term Paper

… Ethics of care serve as a clever alternative to the familiar moral theories that serve so poorly to guide an individual lives. The ethics of care is merely a few decades old, yet it is by now a distinctive moral theory or normative approach to the troubles humans face. It is important to global along with political matters as well as to the individual relations that can most clearly represent care (Virginia Held, 2007). However, the modern literature illustrate that ethics of care can be used as a theoretical basis to add a new, significant surface to social matters. The ethics of care is related to ethical theory to be exact a theory regarding what make an individual actions right as well as wrong. Plus…. [read more]

Ethics in For-Profit Annotated Bibliography

… This article takes the form of a case study of the Starbucks organization, which the articles' authors praise as enhancing the spiritual lives of employees by connecting every level of the organization to a larger sense of mission. Rather than viewing ethics as antithetical to profitability as often was the case in the classical conception of the firm, this suggests that ethics can enhance organizational functionality.

Montoya, I.D., & Richard, A.J. (1994). A comparative study of codes of ethics in health care facilities and energy companies. Journal of Business Ethics, 13(9), 713.

This article takes the form of an ethnographic study comparing codes of ethics and compliance outcomes at not-for-profit health care facilities and for-profit energy companies. Despite the touting of the importance of ethics…. [read more]

Ethics and Morality Case Analysis Morality Pertains Term Paper

… Ethics and Morality Case Analysis

Morality pertains to moral conduct or standards, which in turn, determine the rightness or wrongness of one's conduct (Perle 2004). Ethics is the study of standards of conduct. It is also called moral philosophy. Ethics and morality are often used interchangeably because of their connectedness. It is generally believed that morality is ethics in action. Ethics has been categorized into descriptive, normative, analytical and applied (Fieser 2006). Descriptive ethics describes human behavior. Normative ethics establishes norms on human conduct. Analytical ethics or metaethics investigates how people determine norms of their own behavior. And applied ethics examines specific controversial issues, using analytical and normative ethics as conceptual tools.(Perle, Feiser).

Ethics establishes norms and evaluates when a moral act is right or…. [read more]

Ethics Research Paper

… Ethics and Behavior

Ethics and morality

The discussion between the ethical can the moral has been going on for a long time and the philosophers tend to agree that these two terms most of the time are use interchangeably and at times may have a thin line between these two terms. There are issues that can be considered moral yet are unethical, and there are acts that also be considered ethical yet they are immoral. Morality is widely considered as the code of conduct that that is accepted by a given society and for those who can understand it, there is no universal standards to it. On the other hand, ethics are more general and have the aspect of general laws that guide them (Stanford…. [read more]

Ethics in a Computerized Society Research Paper

… Ethics in a Computerized Society

Ethics are extremely important in our society since they help to determine whether an action is right or wrong. There are different types of ethical systems that are used to determine whether the action is right or wrong. The first is ethical relativism whereby there are no morally right or wrong actions. Instead, right and wrong is determined by the social norms. In this ethical system, the norms of the society which are the basis of determining the action help to preserve the culture of the society. On the negative end, the ethical system confuses what ought to be done with what is currently being done. The second ethical system is the divine command theory whereby moral standards are based…. [read more]

Ethics and Morality One Example Essay

… " Those who are wealthy have greater access to government, financial and legal resources, etc., than those in the middle and lower socio-economic strata. That is, money buys access, better legal representation, and so on and thus enhances the "rights" of those with economic means while diminish the rights of those without. Also, a part of Rawls' second principle is violated in that economic inequalities are not arranged so that they benefit the least-advantaged in society; and also access to positions and offices are not open to everyone under conditions of fair equality of opportunity. Wealth seems to create structural inequality. It seems that in a modern, complex, industrial, and democratic state, there needs to be some sort of mechanism that at least fosters material…. [read more]

Ethics: To Rescue Case Study

… Secondly, John could follow Margaret as the remaining group waits for help. This is particularly the case given that nobody else (except Margaret who has already descended) appears willing to take the risk. Embracing this course of action would in this case increase the survival chances of those crying out for help. After all, the situation might not be as bad as Joseph paints it with his claim that they would never be able to make it through and survive should they follow Margaret.

Part B

What are the possible consequences for those acceptable alternatives?

Should John and Joseph follow Margaret so as to rescue those trapped downstairs, they could succeed in their mission or fail to find their way back. If everybody elects to…. [read more]

Morality and the Claims of Utilitarian Essay

… ¶ … morality and the claims of utilitarian moral philosophy, and discusses the question of whether moral sacrifice can be justified. Much has been written by myriad scholars and philosophers about morality and utilitarianism, and the best way to sort through those approaches is to carefully recount and critique what has been written and how one philosopher's viewpoint contradicts or embraces another seemingly valid viewpoint.

What is Morality?

Morality is a difficult word to pin down exactly; as this section of the paper clearly explains, morality -- and what is moral -- is an elusive concept. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) explains that "morality" can be used two ways: one, as a description as to how codes of conduct can be presented to society…. [read more]

Moral Sentiment Philosophy Morality Essay

… Therefore exercising moral judgment revolve around taking an evaluative perspective that filters out the experienced distorting effects of personal prejudice and self-interest even on involving affective modes of consciousness. Hume argues that on considering an action or a character in general, failing to refer from our specific interest, it creates that sentiment or feeling, just as denominating it as morally good or evil. In terms of judging quality of character or an action, empathy inform us the pain or pleasure that is generated by the object for the individual that is in possession of it as well as individuals affected by it, (Krause, Sharon, 2013). As pleasure continue to stimulate a positive affective response, or approval; the stimulation of pain is aversion, or disapproval.

Is…. [read more]

Ethics in Management Research Proposal

… Ethics and Management

Management and Ethics

In this paper, the author investigates the ethics of business management. After reviewing the literature to determine the concerns mentioned by business ethicists, the author compares those concerns with the concerns of a small business man, as revealed in a case study. The first part of the case study involves a covert participant observation of the ethical practices of a privately-run small business. The second part of the case study consisted of an interview with the small business owner, to determine whether or not he perceived ethical conflicts in the course of his business, and the nature of any ethical conflicts that he perceived. Finally, the author compared the ethical concerns described by the business scholars and commentators to…. [read more]

Morality and Culture Essay

… ¶ … culture and morality. In other words it deals with the question: Is morality relative to culture? Proponents of so called "cultural relativism," sometimes also called "moral relativism" or "ethical relativism" argue that different cultures obtain varying moral codes. "If there is no transcendent moral or ethical standard, then often culture arguably seems to become the ethical norm for determining whether an action is right or wrong" (see Anderson: 1). Culture and cultural dimensions are considered the collective horizon representing a specific social reality. American anthropologist and cultural relativist Ruth Benedict in Patterns of Culture (1934) said: "Morality differs in every society and is a convenient term for socially approved habits" (as cited by Kehl: 2). The paper will show that the doctrine of…. [read more]

Blow the Whistle Case Study

… The ramifications were huge and certainly divulging your suspicions may prevent much calamity.

You have already approached the CFO. These are the requirements of whistleblowing. He has assured you that all is fine. You, however, still have substantial reason for concern. Some ethical approaches may urge you to approach a different authority (outside your employment) in this case, but the source has to be someone who will be in a position of authority (not necessarily the media). Kantian moral theory, utilitarian moral theory and virtue theory have three different perspectives on this.

Kantian moral theory is different to utilitarianism in that it does not depend on end-results -- namely happiness -- for practice, but rather exists as a 'categorical imperative' namely, that it applies to…. [read more]

Moral Phenomenology Term Paper

… Moral Phenomenology

Sensibility theory enables us to understand morality and ethics from the perspective of the phenomenological depth of a situation. This view or perception transcends the rational and intellectual modes of understanding the phenomenon of morality within the complex context of human experience. The subtle relationship between the body and emotional and intellectual factors in the experience of ethics and morals is a reality that became evident to me in an analysis of a real experience that I once had. This experience included within it both subjective and objective factors that cannot be easily separated.

It is this total phenomenological experience that provides evidence that conforms to one of the central tenets of sensibility theory; namely that this theoretical stance tends to emphasize the…. [read more]

Ethics Awareness Inventory Term Paper

… Nevertheless, I have noticed that such an approach can backfire, as what is good for the majority often neglects the needs of minority groups that may not have the political power or sufficient numbers to stand up for their needs. Therefore, I advocate a balanced approach to making ethical decisions, one that accounts for the needs of any minority groups, and one that addresses the needs of each and every person in the organization; but an approach that in the end produces the most reliable results.

Educational experiences have a huge impact on ethical thinking. Classroom learning, I believe is a small step towards true ethical awareness. Academic instruction in ethics and ethical theory does help categorize people so that we can be more aware…. [read more]

Ethics and Moral Development Term Paper

… S. Mill, presents an altogether different perspective of Janice's dilemma. Since Utilitarianism considers the ethical value of an action or behavior based on its outcome, that is, there is an achievement of greatest happiness for most (or majority) of people. In this theory, collective happiness and satisfaction is considered, and not the individual's benefit only. Thus, since the second situation presented, wherein Janice connives with John to present his program as her own in exchange for a raise in salary and promotion, creates happiness for both Janice and John, then this is the action that Janice must adopt. In effect, using the utilitarian perspective, the ethical thing to do when put in Janice's position is to offer John a raise and promotion in order to…. [read more]

Moral Theories Term Paper

… ¶ … personal theory of good and evil, right and wrong moral agent is a person capable of rational understanding. An entity such as a nation, a group or a corporation is not such an entity. Rather, these constructions are human-created institutions made up of conglomerates of human beings. Unlike a single, moral human individual, a person cannot be overthrown, like a country, and then reformulated under a new constitution. A person cannot be merged with another entity, like a corporation. The human individual is the fundamental unit of every society or social bond, like the family.

The individual has moral obligations to all other human beings. He or she is part of a series of communities that make up the greater world. Although the…. [read more]

Ethics, Morality, Values, and Beliefs Term Paper

… Morally, defense lawyers may feel a sense of repugnance on an emotional level, based on their childhood teachings, when representing guilty clients. But legal, ethical systems of professional conduct are constructed and articulated as absolutes, particularly for a profession may conflict with morality. Likewise, a businessperson who is a CEO has vowed to make a profit for the company -- it is unethical for him to better his once-humble family's home life with largess while stealing funds even from wealthy stockholders.

Beliefs, in contrast to ethics or morality do not have good/bad implications. I can believe in God, or believe in Darwinism, but that does not mean I believe God is good or evolution is good, merely that I believe they exist, based on my…. [read more]

Ethics Awareness Inventory (Eai) Research Paper

… According to the results perspective, ethics involve more than duty. This means that the O. perspective and the R. perspective are difficult to reconcile, which explains why my scores on these two measures are opposites.

The equity perspective focuses on the inherent value and dignity of others, rather than focusing on the individual characteristics of the actors. In many ways, this perspective involves the rejection of traditional moral theories. Rather than suggesting that people adhere to a particular moral view, those who adhere to the equity principle are likely to believe that one must be pragmatic and not commit to a particular moral perspective, because morality is circumstance-dependent. To me, this perspective most strongly conflicts with the idea of character being critical in morality, and…. [read more]

Morality and Ethics in Henry Term Paper

… He is of the view that in English society, if a man refused the sexual advances of a woman, his masculinity was often doubted, whereas if a woman chose to have a lover, she was shunned and considered immoral. At one occasion in the novel, Lady Booby is vexed at Andrews' almost fatuous resistance and angrily lashes out at him, "I must have reason to suspect you. Are you not a man?"

Now that we have seen how the author has ridiculed English society and its moral values, one question that arises in our mind is what exactly was it that Fielding was advocating? True, he is against the kind of moral values English upper class possessed, but does that mean that the author is…. [read more]

Ethics - Consequentialism Consequentialist Ethical Principles Essay

… Ethics - Consequentialism


Consequentialist Ethical Principles:

The consequentialist ethical approach determines the relative morality or immorality of human conduct strictly in relation to the consequences of that conduct.

Like other philosophical systems, consequentialism incorporates variations in the specific definitions and distinctions or classes of consequences that matter the most:

utilitarianism emphasizes consequences that benefit the greatest number, even at the expense of some; hedonism emphasizes the maximization of pleasure; and aestheticism emphasizes beauty. Consequentialism is contrary to other ethical systems that determine the relative morality or immorality of human conduct strictly on principle and without regard for different types of effects of conduct, such as in relation to their underlying motive (virtue ethics), or their adherence to established social rules or laws (Kantian

Deontology).…. [read more]

Deontology and Consequentialism an Analysis Term Paper

… It is here, however, in the face of the argument of the deontological theorist, that one might reasonably defend Wolf's distaste for such strict adherence. Indeed, there seems to be a kind of Puritanical strain in an unthinking, rigid adherence, without deference to "intention," "consequence," or fruit. One of the core tenets of Christian ethics, after all, is the idea that "by their fruits you shall know them," which is to suggest that one's "rightness" may be gauged in a teleological manner. Indeed, one of the appealing characteristics of Christian ethics is the way it which it approaches several different ethical theories at once and synthesizes them into a coherent whole: in it one finds a kind of deontological Divine Command theory as well as…. [read more]

Ethical Theories Essay

… Despite this, deontological ethics remains popular, and especially in the business world. This is likely due to the fact that deontological ethics, by depending on supposedly inherent rules of ethical conduct, is extremely conducive to the business environment, in which standardized rules of behavior are needed to ensure that an entire company is acting according to the same standards. In particular, the Hutt-Vittel model of ethics has become one of the standards for corporate ethics, but a look at one of its key propositions once again reveals its subjective nature despite its claims of objectivity (Vermillion, 2002, p. 282). Specifically, "according to theory, a person must first perceive that an ethical situation exists before examining possible solutions to resolve an ethical dilemma" (DeConinck & Lewis,…. [read more]

Theoretical Approaches to Ethics Essay

… Applied ethics questions how moral knowledge should be practically implemented. Meta-ethics questions ethical terms, such as the meaning of 'truth', 'justice', and 'rightness'. Descriptive ethics conducts investigations and places its query on what people in general, or people as groups or individuals think is right. Descriptive ethics, in other words, is an empirical investigation of people's moral beliefs.

Descriptive ethics crosses over into philosophy when arguments are based on its findings or facts, but it more often serves as the basis for research in action-based disciplines such as psychology, sociology, evolutionary biology, or anthropology.

As example of descriptive ethics would be Lawrence Kohlberg's famous research where he questions a group of adolescents regarding the ethical actions that should be selected by a man whose wife…. [read more]

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