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Ethics: Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… The cost of Health care can be reduced. Nurses and Doctors would have more time to save those who are going to live or those who wish to try to stay alive (Friend, 2011). Friends and Family have an opportunity to say their good byes. Also, their organs can be kept in order to help save others. Patients feel they have a selection, and may not be compelled to try other techniques to reduce their agony. The negatives comprise that numerous feel doctor assisted suicide goes against the physicians' Hippocratic Oath.

It also goes against a lot of religious beliefs. Research mentions that patients could give up on life to early. Doctors at times can abuse the procedure. Insurance companies and government could put unwarranted…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide Essay

… Denmark has no laws that address it at all. Laws in the United States vary from state to state (Humphrey, 2010a). The culture of the area plays a key role in laws concerning assisted suicide.

Process

The process of assisted suicide typically involves the injection or consumption of a fatal dose of some drug. In Switzerland, it involves a fatal dose of sodium Phenobarbital. There are risks to the process and if it doesn't work the patient can end up in a coma, but still alive (Ross, 2012). There many different drugs that can be used in combinations. Different doctors and countries have different techniques for the process.

Patients' Bill of Rights

The Patients' Bill of Rights makes certain that patients have the right to…. [read more]


Ethics - Assisted Suicide the Legal Term Paper

… ¶ … Ethics - Assisted Suicide

THE LEGAL and ETHICAL ISSUES of PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE

Suicide has always been a very controversial subject, mainly because of traditional religious teachings equating it with "sin." However, since U.S. law is not supposed to be influenced by religious beliefs, the ethical issues and legal ramifications of physician-assisted suicide must be defined by objective moral principles and legislative criteria addressing the potential for misuse and abuse.

Problematic Issues:

The Hippocratic Oath prohibits physicians from harming their patients, but it was formulated long before the era of modern medicine at a time when very few patients faced the prospect of outliving debilitating diseases. Today, modern technology, pharmacology, and surgical intervention enable physicians to treat disease and prolong patients' lives, sometimes even…. [read more]


Cons of Pro-Assisted Suicide Perspective Research Paper

… ¶ … Against Assisted Suicide

There are few topics in medicine today as controversial as the issue of assisted suicide. Though there are perhaps fewer headlines regarding the subject than during Dr. Jack Kevorkian's heyday or the Terri Schiavo, legal and ethical battles regarding the subject are still ongoing. Several states have passed laws legalizing assisted suicide in certain situations, and many other states have considered similar measures. The question is, at what cost? Suicide has been considered wrong by almost every civilization, and proscribed against even in ancient codes of law. What does it say about our modern sensibilities that the human condition has become so degraded and devalued that the thought of another person taking their life -- and worse, that they may…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide When We Think Term Paper

… Death with dignity is known in the medical and academic literature as physician-assisted suicide. Under the Oregon law a 'mentally competent state resident with a terminal diagnosis and a prognosis of less than six months to live, may request a life-ending prescription from their physician, however, this prescription must be self-administered' (Death 2002).

According to Lisa Vincler from the University of Washington, there are significant distinctions between law and medical ethics in philosophy, function and power.

A court ruling is a binding decision that determines the outcome of a particular controversy.

A statute or administrative code sets a general standard of conduct, which must be adhered to or civil/criminal consequences may follow a breach of the standard. Conversely, an ethics pronouncement which is not adopted…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide Research Paper

… No one should die who is not yet ready.

The primary argument against assisted suicide hinges on a different moral argument than the one used in favor of death with dignity. An opposing view suggests that death is a negative thing, and that life is qualitatively better. This view is ignorant of the gamut of human experience, for all persons do eventually die. The life a person lives should be as good and enjoyable as possible. Andre and Velasquez note that views against assisted suicide call upon "a fundamental reverence for life and the risk of hurling down a slippery slope toward a diminished respect for life." It is easy to rebut this claim, however. Assisted suicide supports even greater reverence for life than does…. [read more]


Ethical Issues of Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… It is also squabbled that assisted suicide for fatally ill people undergoing severe pain can be differentiated from euthanasia used for the purpose of genocide on the basis that it is on the basis of the principles of self-respect, respect, and reverence and is selected and performed by the dying persons, instead of being forced on them in opposition to their will. (End of Life Issues and Care) Some would disagree that assisted death already happens in secrecy. For instance, morphine drips apparently used for pain relief is a secret form of assisted death or euthanasia. That PAS is unlawful avoids an open argument, in which patients and doctors could take part. Making PAS legally lawful will encourage open discussion. (Ethics in Medicine: Physician-Assisted Suicide)…. [read more]


Bioethics -- Assisted Suicide Three-Step Essay

… That modern capability means that contemporary biomedical ethicists must adapt notions of concepts such as harm much more broadly than Hippocrates could have.

More specifically, if a patient is suffering from great pain that cannot be alleviated by medical treatment, particularly where that pain is caused by an incurable terminal illness, there is a very strong argument that preventing a patient from ending his or her life to escape suffering amounts to more of a "harm" than helping that patient end his or her suffering. The same argument applies where a patient seeks only to avoid dying in a much more painful way when the medical prognosis predicts that with great certainty (Levine, 2008). On balance, the objective comparison of the respective concerns suggests that…. [read more]


Legal Implications of Assisted Suicide Book Report

… Legal Implications of Assisted Suicide

The way people think about assisted suicide or euthanasia is often determined by their religious beliefs about life and death. However issues regarding the right to die ultimately boil down to matters of the law. The idea of legislators making it legal for doctors to help their terminally ill patients die seems ludicrous to some people, while refusing to pass such a law seems just as ludicrous to others. I believe that it should be legal for doctors to help their terminally ill patients end their lives as long as the patient is completely coherent and able to make rational decisions.

The debate about euthanasia in the United States has centered on the case of Dr. Jack Kevorkian, also known…. [read more]


Ethical Argument Against Physician Assisted Suicide Essay

… Physician-Assisted Suicide

Physicians-Assisted Suicides:

The Unethical Practice that Allows Doctors to Kill

Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide is a topic that constantly sparks ethical debate. Euthanasia has become a topic of growing interest, especially in the industrialized countries of the world because of the high standards for medical care and the idea that physician-assisted suicide can improve end-of-life care as it can take away suffering and stop patients from trying to take their own lives in more painful ways. For some, the "right-to-die" movement is compassionate as it can liberate one from the pain and suffering associated with terminal illnesses; oftentimes these patients are anxiously awaiting death so that they may be released from the torture of life. In the article, "Physician-assisted suicide: compassionate liberation or…. [read more]


Ethical Issue of Assisted Research Paper

… Of course, the question of what means a good death then rises and if is there such a phenomenon as a rational or appropriate suicide that can be demanded as a truthful right.

One of the most important reasons why people are inclined to see ethical reasoning in medicine as being no different from any other type of ethical dilemma is that they are unable to understand the complexity of such a situation. This is also because medical educators find it problematic to relate to the issue, taking into account that ideas are likely to differ depending on the case. As a consequence, looking from the perspective of someone who is not familiar with the topic is likely to generate even more dilemmas. A nurse…. [read more]


Community Relate to the Problem of Suicide? Essay

… ¶ … community relate to the problem of suicide? Should there be any legal constraints at all?

Suicide is illegal in the United States, and in that sense, it is a problem because thousands of people commit suicide every year. However, it is not clear why suicide is necessarily immoral or why it should be a crime, especially in cases involving those who are suffering from terminal disease, intractable pain, or for whom life has lost all quality or meaning. On the other hand, there may be good reasons why certain legal constraints should apply, such as in connection with soliciting assistance from others or assisting others.

Ethical Problem Presented

The principal ethical problem presented is that to justify legal prohibition, the state should be…. [read more]


Ethics Assisted Suicide White Paper

… ¶ … tried to expand on areas that looked very week. You can copy and paste into your paper. If you have any questions or concerns let me know

I'd put this in either the first section the basic dispute section

The motivation that drives a person to pursue assisted suicide is an important issue in the debates regarding the ethics, legality, and what appropriate response to requests for assisted suicide should entail. Understanding the motivation is critically important to in order to determine if physician-assisted suicide should be considered a viable alternative for these individuals. The empirical literature has revealed three general categories of previously described explanations that people use to justify their desire to end their lives: (1) the most common reason for…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide, or Called Euthanasia Term Paper

… " In 1995, 21% of the patients who were killed without consent were competent.

The legalization of Physician-Assisted Suicide is still being debated nowadays. Specifically, most of the debates and issues were represented by representatives from the medical practice, from the government, and from religious groups who believe that Euthanasia and Assisted Suicides should not be legalized. Opposing its legalization, Luke Gormally (1997) has the following reasons why Assisted Suicide should not be legalized.

The 'justification' of voluntary euthanasia involves rejection of a tenet fundamental to a just framework of laws in society

To legalize assistance in suicide is also inconsistent with the same fundamental tenet of a just legal system

If voluntary euthanasia is legalized then the most compelling reason for opposing the legalization…. [read more]


Ethical Dilemma of Assisted Research Paper

… This often leads a large percentage of physicians to support religious beliefs during the last stages of life, so that the patient prepares and accepts what is coming. Patients, on the other hand view a "good death" differently, seeing it as a greater individual decision capability. Another study conducted here in the United States was Craig et al. (2009) the explored specifically the beliefs and opinions of physicians in Vermont. Here, about 38% believed that PAS should be legalized, a much higher percentage than national averages. According to the findings of this study, it was the main staple of autonomy that created a situation where physicians were willing to support the legalization of PAS practices. Thus, patient autonomy and individual choice still weigh heavily in…. [read more]


Euthanasia: Legal Considerations Euthanasia, Doctor-Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… Euthanasia: Legal Considerations

Euthanasia, doctor-assisted suicide, and mercy killing of any type is prohibited by law in the United States. In June of 2007, 79-year-old retired pathologist and patient rights activist Jack Kevorkian was released from federal prison, after serving eight years for his second-degree murder conviction (Martindale, 2007).

Prior assisting in the 1998 suicide of Tomas Youk, then in the final stages of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ("Lou Gehrig's Disease"), Kevorkian had always been very careful to avoid crossing the line between merely advising his patients and documenting their suicides and actually assisting them or implementing their requests by his own hand.

In 1998, Kevorkian deliberately and purposely crossed that line to force his own prosecution and thereby bring national attention to the need for…. [read more]


Ethical, Legal, and Business Considerations Case Study

… org, 2010). It is questionable, especially with Nancy Nurse's low morale, as to if she is considering the higher dosage for her own needs or for Mrs. Jones' needs. Secondly, the Patient Bill of Rights advertises the significance of having a strong relationship between a health care provider and a patient (Cancer.org, 2010). Because Nancy Nurse is willing to risk Mrs. Jones' life so easy, it does not appear as though she has any personal interaction with her. If Nancy Nurse does not attempt to know Mrs. Jones for who she is, she will have less sympathy for her situation. Lastly, the Patient Bill of Rights notes the role of the patient in staying healthy, listing their rights and the responsibilities of the health care…. [read more]


Plate's View on Suicide Term Paper

… Plato / Assisted Suicide

Assisted suicide, or euthanasia, has been a much debated topic throughout several decades. While many in contemporary society feel one has a right to die peacefully, and thus, should be allowed assistance from physicians and others to achieve this goal, others believe suicide to be an unthinkable act, and thus, believe euthanasia should not be allowed. This paper will discuss the views of the ancient philosopher Plato on suicide and will show that these views, when examined in the context of assisted suicide, show his stance to be one of general disapproval, with exception.

In order to ascertain Plato's views on assisted suicide, one must first examine his views on suicide in general. Throughout his writings, Plato consistently views suicide slightly…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide Every Person Case Study

… This is the most unethical choice of all the three options. By assisting Roberta commit suicide, Dr. R. would be undoubtedly going against medical ethics by purposely doing harm to a patient. In this, he is breaking the concepts of both beneficence and non-malificence. It would be unethical to do so, as it is considered a physician assisting in her suicide, and thus should not assist her in executing her plan. Still, there is the option of simply looking the other way. Although not actually helping her himself, if Dr. R. allows her to commit suicide without intervening, it is still a controversial decision. Here, he would not be performing his duties with beneficence, because he would not have given Roberta the best possible care.…. [read more]


Medical Ethics Assisted Suicide Case Study

… If he is still conscious, the doctors should tell him what they plan to do and what the chances of success are; if he is still conscious, he still has the power to accept or reject care. When the patient is unconscious and alone like John H., the choices they face seem tougher with regard to medical ethics.

When a patient is close to death and makes a request what seems at odds with a decision he made when he may have been more fully autonomous, it may be difficult to know which wishes to follow. If patients have their wishes in writing, they should be followed. Some patients may have wills or other kinds of legally recognized documentation with explicit instruction of their wishes…. [read more]


Physician Assisted Suicide and Active Euthanasia Essay

… Ethics

Physician-Assisted Suicide and Active Euthanasia

In January of 1983, twenty-five-year-old Nancy Beth Cruzan lost control of her car. The final diagnosis projected she suffered anoxia pr deprivation of oxygen for twelve to fourteen minutes. It is known that generally after six minutes of oxygen deprivation, the brain generally suffers permanent damage. At the time of the U.S. Supreme Court hearing in 1990, Cruzan was able to breathe on her own but was being feed by way of a feeding tube. Doctors had surgically implanted the feeding tube about a month after the accident, subsequent to the consent of her then-husband. Medical experts diagnosed Cruzan to be in a permanent vegetable state, capable of living another thirty years (Courts and the End of Life -…. [read more]


Ethical and Legal Aspects of Therapeutic Relationships Essay

… Ethical and Legal Aspects of Therapeutic Relationships

MEDICAL HERBALIST

Daniel was a 19-year-old male suffering from mild depression. His family was well aware of the situation, and had obtained various opinions about what is needed to help him. Daniel did not react very well to medical anti-depressants. On the physical level, they made him nervous and restless. On the emotional level, he resisted the meds for fear of becoming dependent upon them. Despite his depression, Daniel had never felt the need to succumb to substance abuse, and indeed feared this, as he had considerable experience with a friend who nearly died as a result of substance abuse. The medical herbalist, Mr. Mudra, seemed to have the solution. After about a month of his treatments, Daniel's…. [read more]


Pros and Cons of Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… ¶ … Assisted Suicide

The fright of continuing endless agony, of remaining captive by medical devices, of waning physical reliability and individual self-esteem and being a cause of emotional and monetary depletion on one's near and dear ones - these frights gives force to the campaign for euthanasia and for physician-assisted suicide - PAS. The expressions willful active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide occasionally are referred interchangeably, bewildering both the medical procedures. Voluntary active euthanasia indicates an intentional involvement by somebody not including the patient whose life is threatened, unswervingly meant to put an end to that life. The victim should be able and fatally sick and should be provide a completely willing and relentless appeal for assistance in ending his life. (Gula, 1999) typical method…. [read more]


Ethics and Legal Considerations Term Paper

… 49);

q. "All laboratories conducting clinical genetic tests should be accredited by a body designated by the relevant authority, based on standards it considers appropriate" (Bioethics Advisory Committee, 2005, p. 51);

r. "Interpretation of clinical genetic test results should only be performed by healthcare professionals who are appropriately qualified or have sufficient experience. As far as is practicable, genetic counseling should immediately follow the disclosure of the test result, particularly if the test result is not favorable" (Bioethics Advisory Committee, 2005, p. 52);

s. "Genetic counseling should be offered to all individuals before and after they undergo clinical genetic testing" (Bioethics Advisory Committee, 2005, p. 55);

t. "Genetic counseling should generally be conducted in a nondirective manner and should provide sufficient information and appropriate support…. [read more]


Right-To-Die Opinion Order ID Research Paper

… The law was further reduced in scope and usability when certain types of doctors and/or from certain departments were precluded from ever participating in a physician-assisted suicide. Other scholarly research has held that nurses should be flatly banned from ever participating in the practice even if the agree on a personal moral or religious basis. That being said, nurses can be a listening ear and a hand to hold. Indeed, part of nursing is being a soothing and helping presence even when death of any form or cause is basically assured. Nurses can help assist in deciding whether a person wanting to die and/or making decisions about medical care are lucid and able to make such decisions. Indeed, people that do not have such standing…. [read more]


Medical Ethics and Decision Making Term Paper

… Doctors are often conflicted emotionally by this because their ethics and morals conflict with what they can do for their patients (Goold, 2001).

It is becoming more clear that doctors need more guidelines when it comes to delicate situations involving their patients, because they often have to go on only what they are taught in medical school and do not get to exercise their ethical beliefs as much as they would like (Rhodes, 1986). In other words, they often do not have the power to try to help their patients in the best way possible because they are unaware of some of the options that they have or are not able to find a way to get the procedure, tests, or medication covered by the…. [read more]


Morality and Ethics Research Paper

… Morality and Ethics

Over the last several decades the issues of morality and ethics has been continually brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this is the advances that have take place in medical research. This has caused a whole host of ethical and moral dilemmas to develop. A good example of this can be seen with the use of social networking, chatting and emailing as part of modern day medicine. These different advances have allowed physicians to be able to most effectively communicate with patients and colleagues about a whole host of issues. This can include everything for providing routine follow ups with patients, to utilizing this technology to communicate with other doctors about the latest procedures. In general this was touted…. [read more]

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