Viewing papers 1-27 of 27 for ethics AND of AND human AND growth AND hormone

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Ethics Profile Monsanto (NYSE: Mon) Thesis

… Ethics


Monsanto (NYSE: MON) is one of the largest food production companies in the world, if not the largest. The company, based out of St. Louis, is a global conglomerate with subsidiaries operating around the world. Monsanto employs an estimated 21,700 people and did $11.97 billion in sales last year (MSN Moneycentral, 2009). The company is broken down into two main divisions - Seeds & Genomics and Agricultural Productivity. The company also breaks down its businesses into its three main crops - corn, soybeans and cotton (Monsanto 2008 Annual Report).

At the core of Monsanto's business is biotechnology. Monsanto typically develops seeds that are resistant to various diseases, in order to increase crop yield. One strategy that has proven critical to Monsanto's success is…. [read more]

Ethics of Genetic Engineering Term Paper

… They were all later accredited with the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine in 1962 (Hawley 1998).

The new science of genetic engineering aims to take a dramatic short cut in the slow process of evolution" (Stableford 1996). In essence, scientists aim to remove one gene from an organism's DNA, and place it into the DNA of another organism. This would create a new DNA strand, full of new encoded instructions; a strand that would have taken Mother Nature millions of years of natural selection to develop. Isolating and removing a desired gene from a DNA strand involves many different tools. Exposing it to ultra-high frequency sound waves can break up DNA, but this is an extremely inaccurate way of isolating a desirable DNA section…. [read more]

Ethics of Human Growth Hormone Term Paper

… Ethics of Human Growth Hormone

Ethics and Human Growth Hormone

Ethics of Human Growth Hormone Treatment

The use of human growth hormone in medical treatment has been successfully implemented in various cases over the past fifty years. This has led to an increase in the usage of this treatment and this in turn has raised a number of moral and ethical issue and problems. There is a general consensus that the growth hormone should be not used in cases where its purpose is purely cosmetic or where the aim of usage is to provide an unfair advantage in sport - although claims in this regard are highly suspect. However, the greatest ethical issue in the use of this treatment is where the prescription of growth…. [read more]

Sports Ethics Term Paper

… Sports Ethics

Winning isn't everything, it's the only thing" was the famous motto of the legendary football coach Vince Lombardi, which seems to have been taken to heart by the American society of late. It has put into the back-ground, the "old fashioned" advice for good sportsmanship that extolled the virtues of playing the game in the right spirit while downplaying the importance of winning and losing. The widespread use of steroids by high-profile athletes for boosting their performance, therefore, does not come as a surprise in a culture that puts such a high premium on "winning at all costs." But is there a pattern in the use of steroids? Is it being used across the board or are certain groups by sex, class or…. [read more]

Peter Singer - Ethics Term Paper

… Peter Singer - Ethics

Peter Singer's Ethics of Animal Exploitation

Peter Singer is acknowledged as the father of the animal rights movement. His book Practical Ethics (1979) actually does not argue for animal rights, but rather for animal welfare. Singer's philosophy is utilitarian. His utilitarian approach is to judge right and wrong behavior on the basis of the behavior's consequences. The right act is the one that maximizes positive or beneficial consequences for all parties involved. The good or bad effects an action produces provide the basis for judgment of the action itself. The consequences of the individual specific act are what matter -- and not what would happen if everybody acted the same way. This view is called act-utilitarianism. Applied to animals and their…. [read more]

Abortion: Ethical and Political Issues Term Paper

… Asides the fact that there are inevitable side effects for any kind of pharmaceutical preparation there are two main aspects to be considered when we discuss the safety of the drug. The main contentious issue is that the drug was introduced without sufficient clinical tests in the U.S. In fact the approval was mainly based on the results of the drug usage from abroad and a single clinical test inside the United States. This has left room for skepticism about the urgency with which the government approved the drug. RU 486 was given an accelerated approval under the 'under 21 CFR 314 Subpart H' process. This is something, which is inexplicable as generally the accelerated approval is only meant for potentially life saving drugs whose…. [read more]

How Forgiveness Effects Human Health Thesis

… S. structuring an eighteen-step procedure of forgiveness. It listed the following development.

  • Assessment of psychological defenses.

  • The resistance of annoyance; the point is to liberate, not dock, the annoyance.

  • Acceptance of disgrace, when this is suitable.

  • Consciousness of harm.

  • Consciousness of cognitive practice (rerunning the scene frequently in one's brain) of the wrongdoing

  • Consciousness that the offended group might be contrasting self with the injurer.

  • Consciousness into a probably distorted 'righteous world' vision. [Issue of justice]

  • Transformations of heart/adaptation/original insights that old declaration plans are not functioning.

  • A readiness to discover forgiveness as an alternative.

  • Assurance to forgive the wrongdoer.

  • Restructuring, during role taking, who the offender is by screening him or her in background.

  • Compassion in the direction of the wrongdoer.

  • Consciousness of…. [read more]

Direct to Consumer Advertising History Term Paper


The National Institute for Health Care Management, a nonprofit watchdog agency, estimated that expenditures in pharmaceutical advertising in the U.S. grew from an estimated $55 million in 1991 to $2.5 billion in 2001. While the numbers seem exponential, the Institute points out that the ads represented merely 16% of the entire budget for drug promotions in 2001. A historic perception perpetuated by the drug industry is that costs are driven by expenditures in research and development. This has been considered a valid argument, as advances in drug research are indeed beneficial to humanity. However, recent examination of the industry's expenditures indicates that marketing (34.4%), not R&D (13.7%), comprise the lion's share of the industry's operating expenditures.

Families USA is a nonprofit…. [read more]

Application of Genetic Engineering in Animals Research Paper

… Conclusion

This study investigates the scientific principles associated with the GM animals. The study explores several applications of the new technology that include the production of new drugs, and development of animals that are resistance to diseases and able to produce milk abundantly. While there are benefits associated with the application of genetic engineering, there are still some ethical issues with the new technology. However, this study still believes that genetic engineering stands to stay. With the advanced in the technology, scientists will be able to develop GM healthy animals for the benefit of humanity.


Adams, J. M.; Piovesan, G; Strauss, S; et al. (2008) The Case for Genetic Engineering of Native and Landscape Trees against Introduced Pests and Diseases. Conservation Biology. 16 (4):…. [read more]

Christian Biotechnology: Not a Contradiction Term Paper

… So in this area, it is relatively simple to analyze the use and importance of this field of research. Transgenic crops have proven to be vital food source for both economic and humanitarian purposes, while transgenic animals are quickly proving to be just what the meat, milk, and egg industry need to increase profits and production. Christians everywhere should be in support of biotechnology and genetic modification in food production, as this has the potential to erase world hunger and improve corporate profits all at once.

Genetically modified (GM) crops are safe and proven in the field. Scientists are not just tinkering with DNA for fun -- GM crops are being created that are far superior to traditional hybrid strains in hardiness and resistance to…. [read more]

Organics Trip to the Local Term Paper

… However, the USDA recently instituted the National Organic Rule, which requires foods labeled as organic to be "produced without hormones, antibiotics, herbicides, insecticides, chemical fertilizers, genetic modification, or germ-killing radiation," (Cowley). The National Organic Rule applies to labeling only and is not a statement of health.

As Geoffrey Cowley notes in his Newsweek article "Certified Organic," many consumers note that organic crops, or produce, tastes better than non-organic produce. Reasons to buy organic extend beyond taste, however. While much organic produce does indeed look and taste better, reasons to buy organic include environmental sustainability, support for smaller farms and farming businesses, and health. In spite of unequivocal scientific proof that organics are healthier, no one can deny that ingesting toxic chemicals at any dose is…. [read more]

Women in Management and the Glass Ceiling Has it Been Shattered Models and Best Practices Research Paper

… Women in Management and the Glass Ceiling

In the last 20 years, women have shattered the glass ceiling that once kept them out of senior management positions in business, politics, and the military. In the current modern world, women have attained more career opportunities and legal rights than men have. Throughout the history of women, motherhood and wifehood was regarded as the most significant profession of women. However, in the 20th Century, women in the U.S. won the legal right of voting and increasing their job and educational opportunities. Women in the 20th century fought to a large degree accomplishing to re-evaluate perceptions towards the role of women in the society (Persons, 1915).


During the colonial period, women earned a living by working at…. [read more]

American Today, Works Term Paper

… (Kontsevoi, 1999). However, by outsourcing, high productivity jobs can sometimes be lost to foreign rivals; and, the long time economic prosperity of a country may be compromised. Outsourcing, especially in America, has resulted in most of the manufacturing and production jobs leaving the country for location in Latin America and the Far East. This has resulted in the blue-collar worker facing the increased risk of losing his livelihood for no personal fault. (Gilpin and Gilpin, 2000)

Many experts that analyze work-related stress believe that workers should be trained better in order to help them identify and recognize their own individual limits. This they feel will help reduce stress better than any other method. In other situations, the work itself is stressful. It may not be…. [read more]

Decline of the American Diet Term Paper

… Decline of the American Diet

Food Nation (summary) - Schlosser for Author Schlosser

Food Revolution (summary) - Robbins for Author Robbins

Engineered Food (summary) Teitel / Wilson for Authors Teitel / Wilson


Abstract chose these three books because they are among the most respected and most often referenced titles about food and its interrelationship with our culture in libraries today. The problems facing America in terms of poor nutrition, widespread obesity, inhumane treatment of animals, and the growing corporate influence on what Americans eat and how our lives are affected cry out for examination at the university level.

The Food Revolution is written by John Robbins, who left his father's ice cream company, Baskin & Robbins, to become a writer and to investigate what…. [read more]

Animal Production: Biotechnology Has Achieved Research Paper

… Works Cited

Boyd, Emily. "Societal Choice for Climate Change Futures: Trees, Biotechnology, and Clean Development." Bioscience 60.9 (2010): 742-750. Environment Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Jan. 2011.

Devendra, Canagasby. "Sustainable Animal Production from Small Farm Systems in South East Asia." (London: Daya Publishing House, 1998).

Devendra, C., Thomas, M.A., and Zerbini, E. "Improvement of livestock production in crop- animal systems in rain-fed agro-ecological Zones of South Asia." (Kenya: International Livestock Research Institutie, 2000)

Kingiri, Ann. "Experts to the rescue? An analysis of the role of experts in biotechnology regulation in Kenya." Journal of International Development 22.3 (2010): 325-340. Environment Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Jan. 2011.

Maurer, Stephen M., and Markus Fischer. "How to control dual-use technologies in the age of global commerce." Bulletin of the Atomic…. [read more]

Relational Research Question Directional Hypothesis) Term Paper

… I am making the implicit assumption that the types of married couples that experience conflict is not statistically different from those among this group that seek counseling.

8. In 2-3 sentences each, explain some of the steps you will take to be sure your data have internal validity and reliability .

I will seek therapists that treat a normal distribution of married couples. I will insure that this is the case by making the sample size large enough so that there is only a marginal chance of there being a statistical difference.

9. Will you collect qualitative or quantitative data? In 2-3 sentences explain your reasons? .

I will collect qualitative data with respect to the nature of different marriages and the roles played by…. [read more]

Genetic Engineering the Alteration Term Paper

… 2001).

Besides, there would be no reason in cloning a person, since it offers little science or in other words no advantages. There are a number of people who say that if they could clone Albert Einstein then there is much more that can be learned about science as well as the theory of relativity, which is not true (George.2001). If anyone is cloned that does not mean that it will be the same person in each and every manner since genetic engineering meaning here is that their genetic makeup will be exactly same. Thus, the environment where they grow up basically plays a major role in the development of the person's personality (George.2001).

Safety Aspect of Using Genetic Engineering:

Furthermore, safety of genetic engineering…. [read more]

Integrated Marketing Campaign of Mc Donald in UK Organization Dissertation

… ¶ … technology has evolved a great deal, thus resulting in an increase in media freedom and globalization. Moreover, human life in the post information technology has become much faster pace than ever before. Ever since the human civilizations had established, man is looking for ways to relax one physically and mentally. Over a period of time the market for leisure and tourism had gain much strength due to increasing demand of travel and tourism and the need to maintaining a quality life. The primary reason for this increasing trend of travelling, both international and domestic, originates to the increase in globalization (Grant, 2005).

As civilizations have evolved and technology has made human lives faster, man has started to value quality of life more and…. [read more]

In Vitro Fertilization Annotated Bibliography

… In Vitro Fertilization


In vitro fertilization is fertilization, which takes place in a laboratory dish (Storck, 2010). Fertilization is the joining of a woman's ovum or egg and a man's sperm. This normally occurs inside a woman's body. The fertilized egg attaches itself to the womb and grows until it is expelled after 9 months, more or less. This is natural or un-assisted conception. In contrast, in vitro fertilization or IVF is a form of assisted reproductive technology or ART. ART uses special medical techniques to help a women get pregnant. IVF has proved successful since 1978. It has been the most used form when cheaper techniques fail (Storck). It appears to be the best solution for infertility, but IVF impacts health.…. [read more]

Food Nutrition and Culture Term Paper

… Food Nutrition and Culture

Food, Nutrition, and Culture- food safety problems

Radiation in Japan

Food safety is not an option but a compulsory condition to maintain life on earth. While the food is responsible to fuel human body to perform daily tasks, the bad quality of food can also risk human lives and health. The importance of food safety programs has increased in Japan second time in the history when the country faced nuclear disaster a couple of years ago. The radiations have spread in a vast area and the lives of people are in danger. While the country exports seafood internationally of worth over one and a half billion dollars, it is vital to ensure that the seafood does not contain radiations and is…. [read more]

Adolescent Substance Use and Addiction Research Paper

… Adolescent Substance Use and Addiction

Substance Use and Addiction

Adolescent substance abuse is a major national public health problem. The current levels of the problem remain high despite the existence of recent leveling-off of the substance use by adolescents. Adolescents who abuse substances consistently and persistently often experience an array of problems such as academic difficulties, health-related problems, criminal activities, and poor-peer relationships. . In addition to these problems, there are influences or negative implications on the concept of family, community, and the entire society under the influence of adolescent substance abuse. The main objective of this research exercise is to discuss the aspect of adolescent substance abuse and addiction in relation to five critical concepts: legal/ethical issues, family, school, characteristics, and valuable treatment of…. [read more]

Horse Racing Research Paper

… Even then, it is difficult to effectively confront individuals supplying or administering steroids, because horses have so many different caretakers at each stage that regulators have a difficult time apportioning blame for an infraction (Buti & Fridman 174). Frequently prosecutors and regulators have found it difficult if not impossible to target steroid use because of individual's ability to pretend that it was an "honest mistake," and that they were not aware of the true nature of the medication that was being administered (Buti & Fridman 173). Despite this difficulty, the evidence suggests that if horse racing is to protect not only the fairness of the sport but the lives of its horses and jockeys, as a first step it must adopt and enact a prohibition…. [read more]

Ben and Jerry's: A Strategic Essay

… The vanilla extract in Ben & Jerry's Smooth Vanilla and Chocolate Macadamia ice cream produced globally is made with Fair Trade/Fairtrade vanilla beans from farmers in India, Indonesia, Uganda, and elsewhere.

Ben & Jerry's Chunky Monkey® ice cream produced for the European market is made with Ecuadorian-grown and Fairtrade bananas from El Guabo Cooperative.

The cocoa powder in Ben & Jerry's Smooth Chocolate ice cream in the U.S. And Chocolate Macadamia ice cream around the world, and in the chunks and coatings for our European flavors Chunky Monkey® and Vanilla Toffee Crunch are Fair Trade/Fairtrade Certified, from cooperatives in the Dominican Republic and West Africa.

As it says right on the pint, all Ben & Jerry's Fairtrade flavors produced for the European market are made…. [read more]

Genetic Engineering the Objective of Any Discovery Term Paper

… Genetic Engineering

The objective of any discovery should be the development of knowledge to improve the general condition of mankind, but now the entire process of discovery, supported through patents seems to be only an exercise for the financial benefit of the discoverer. One instance of this is in the case of genetic engineering. Now the DNA discovery has taken place and the scientists have also started looking at the genetic code. This has brought the scientists to a level of knowledge where they can start creating organisms that were not created by the process of evolution or God, whatever you believe in. This is leading to development of fruit flies with eyes on the antennae. Yet the scientists do not understand the functions and…. [read more]

Anabolic Steroids Medical Issues Article Critique

… Also side effects of the steroids recede as the athlete stops their use (Dhar, Stout, Link and et al., 2005). The health benefits and side effects of every drug differ depending upon the individual health status and the type of organ the drug effects. Therefore, proper monitoring can help in avoiding or decreasing the deleterious effects of the anabolic steroids.

Despite athletes may get awareness about all the medical issues and adverse affects, they will always try to make themselves better in order to compete and maintain their bodies. So the doctors should do research on different types of anabolic steroids. They should test their potency, efficacy and harmful effects and after considering all these factors they should suggest proper dosage for the right use.…. [read more]

Cloning Is the Production of Identical Genetic Term Paper

… Cloning is the production of identical genetic copies of cells or an individual. The process occurs naturally when a cell or organism reproduces asexually, through processes such as mitosis, binary fission, budding, sporulation, or parthenogenesis, or when genetically identical twins are produced naturally.

Even the process of horticultural grafting and cuttings are technically cloning as the resultant plant is a genetic copy of the original. However, the debate centering on cloning most often focuses on the cloning specifically of cell, tissue, organ, or an individual, performed by a deliberate human effort ("Cloning"). It is this type of cloning that holds the hopes of the medical future, and can positively affect a variety of other areas, despite the risks critics fear.

DNA cloning technology has been…. [read more]

Translating Biomedical Innovation / Mental Term Paper

… With the ethical compliance requirements not so transparent in the private sector and their primarily commercial interest in biomedical research leads to several problems. In a collaborative setting, conflicts of interest arise out of such a situation. For instance, as the authors state, a federal research employee "would have official responsibilities with an outside organization with which that employee has a financial interest or affiliation." This automatically puts them "in the position of having an official responsibility or action which could directly influence his or her own financial interests, or those interests which are imputed to him or her." [Raymond S. Fresko, Pg 106] In general, the ethical liability involved in privately funded embryonic research is all the more reason for the federal government to…. [read more]

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