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Technology, Ethnicity and Gender Essay

… Technology, Ethnicity and Gender

The first part of this unit deals with the creation of the Internet as a global network, starting with the initial work of scientist J.C.R. Licklider, back in 1960. His vision was for a network of computers that would be connected to one another and would provide between them the entire volume of information existing at that point in libraries. The idea started to be put into action at the level of the U.S. Department of Defense, as the DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Project) was created in 1962. Part of DARPA informally worked on the idea of networking.

The idea of an interconnected networking system was further developed with the creation of a network connection between the University of California and…. [read more]

Gender Differences Research Paper

… Gender Differences in Special Education


Gender Differences

This study will seek out gender differences among students, especially in special education. Identifying and understanding these gender differences will help schools develop approaches and programs, which will address the differences and maximize students' learning and future career opportunities.

Male and Female Brain Sizes and Structures

Lenroot and his team of researchers (2007) report the findings of the largest longitudinal pediatric neuro-imaging study that the male brain is 8-10% larger than female. The study conducted 829 scans of 387 subjects, aged 3-27. Total brain volume peaks at average age of 10.5 in females and 14.5 in males. The male brain's rate of increase is highest during adolescence but female gray matter peaks by 1-2 years earlier…. [read more]

Gender on Concussion Reporting Annotated Bibliography

… Each of the participants had competed in either a high school sport or a college team. The participants were required to indicate their perceived stress intensity and their typical coping response after experiencing two stressors that they perceived as most intense. The results were analyzed via multivariate analysis.


There were differences by race and gender. Caucasians experienced higher stress intensity more often than did African-Americans, while Hispanics did not significantly differ from either group. Caucasians were more likely to use an approach-behavior coping style. Women's self-report indicated a higher stress intensity for coach related sources of acute stress. Women used approach-behavioral and avoidance-cognitive groups more than men.


Both race and gender impact how athletes experience stress, as well as impacting coping styles.

Relevance…. [read more]

Gender Borders in Art: Visible and Invisible Essay

… This painting, one of the first Impressionist works, caused public scandal because of its depiction of naked women matter-of-factly eating and bathing with a group of clothed males outdoors. In contrast to late Impressionists, such as Monet, Manet used a more realistic style. The sharply-defined bodies of female nudes and clothed males are in stark contrast to the hazier depiction of water and grass.

Like Kruger, Manet enjoyed taking aspects of existing art -- in Manet's case, high art -- and making new meaning from them. The female nude has historically been a typical subject of art and used to 'represent' sexuality but the realistic (as opposed to classical) setting and its cheeky provocation caused many art critics of the day to see Manet's work…. [read more]

Family and Learning Disabilities Research Proposal

… Family and Learning Disabilities

Wells, Thomas; Sandefur, Gary D.; Hogan, Dennis P. (2003). What Happens after the High School Years among Young Persons with Disabilities? Social Forces, Vol. 82, No. 2, 803-832. Retrieved from: University of North Carolina Press.

Dennis Hogan has particularly contributed to researches and studies regarding population. His work consists in books, monographs and various journal articles, which generally tackle family issues, from family planning to parental influence, transition to adulthood, etc.

Gary D. Sandefur is involved in education and study programs, and has published numerous books and journal articles, especially studies that corelate education with various factors (family resources, social capital etc.).

The article is extracted from "Social Forces," a social science academic journal published by University of North Carolina Press,…. [read more]

Birdcage How Do We Learn Essay

… ¶ … Birdcage

How do we learn who we are? This may seem to be an odd question, for our initial response to such a question is likely to be something like we simply know who we are because we can connect our identity to our pasts and presents. We remember what has come before, from the age of three or four for most of us, and we have a working model of how everything that we have experienced fits with the concept of we have of who we are in the world. And, in very broad outlines, this is true: We are a collection and a commentary on the pasts that we have endured and celebrated. The 1996 movie The birdcage, with its multivalent…. [read more]

Who Gets Bullied and Its Effect on School Gender and Ethnic Group? Research Paper

… Bullying: Race, Gender, Age, And Effects

Bullies, school, gender, ethnic groups

The destructive ramifications of bullying behavior in schools has become an issue of national (and even worldwide) concern for the safety of students. The fact that there has been an increase in school shootings has also increased awareness, especially due to the belief that bullying may be a precursor to some of the more violent school crimes. Furthermore, bullying has been linked with negative consequences in adulthood as well (Olweus 1991; Perry, Kusel, & Perry, 1988; Tritt & Duncan, 1997). Duncan (1999) and Hoover, Oliver and Hazler (1992) have found that the bullying is more pervasive in schools in the United States than in any other nation. Bullying is, undoubtedly, a problem, but what…. [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

… ¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym for a Virginia high school) and who dropped out between their third and fourth years of high school, during the 2009 to 2012 academic school years. All participants will be between the ages of 18 and 21. The proposed research design is a phenomenological study to be conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews, journaling, and observation of the sample population, with the aim of…. [read more]

Solutions to Hate Crimes Begin in the Classroom Essay

… When a student voices homophobic views, she tries to help them question "…the sources of their feelings" and points out that bigoted thoughts "…can provide an environment that nurtures hate crimes" (110). She requires that all students "…take measure of their own biases" by giving the Implicit Association Tests (110). This is a bold, intelligent approach.

Criminology Professor Eric Hickey (Cal State Fresno) suggests that law enforcement needs to do a better job of " infiltrating" extremist groups so they can be monitored before they lash out with violence based on their hatred (based race, gender, sexual orientation, and religion) (Hickey, 2009). Authorities know these hate groups because they use the Internet and hold public rallies; hence, "watchfulness and adherence to the rule of law"…. [read more]

Recruiting and Selection Process for Personnel in a School District Term Paper

… Rio Linda Dist. Recruiting & Hiring

Review of Personnel Recruitment and Selection Processes within the Rio Linda School District

This study focuses on reviewing current recruiting and hiring practices, under California law and within school board policy, of the Rio Linda Union School District. The study reviews state, school board, and school district policies on recruitment and hiring of education personnel, analyzes the effectiveness of present recruitment and hiring practices within the Rio Linda Union School District, and makes suggestions for improvement of practice.

State Law, School Board and District Policies Governing Recruitment and Hiring

California law pertinent to recruitment and selection processes within school districts states:

Recognizing the importance of teacher effectiveness in improving student achievement, the Governing Board desires to recruit, hire and…. [read more]

Stigma and Disability the Self-Sufficiency Term Paper

… Moreover, disabilities that keep students out of mainstream classroom environments appear to have less successful educational outcomes. There are several possible reasons for this including that having one of the more severe disabilities lead to less learning, poorer quality of learning, and assimilation into education, or poorer teaching in these classes, or other factors. However, given the relative advancements in education and the amount of research in this field one might expect different outcomes.

One of the issues that often concerns those with disabilities, is do all the special programs actually equalize learning for these students? That question is answered in part by the graduation rates above. There is direct information on education following high school graduation and employment for disabled students post high school.…. [read more]

Workers With in Small Firms Introduction Chapter

… The difference may be material for more than 18 million potential U.S. workers with disability (Erickson, Lee, and von Schrader, 2011, n.p.). Rarely-asked questions of whether workers disclose invisible disabilities to potential employers or if those conditions include only "registered disabilities" for example demonstrate how generalizations like "workers with disabilities" and/or (often at the same time) "small employers" constituting under 500 employees, may mislead perhaps even to the point of harm or foregone productivity from increasingly scarce resources. This project may help demonstrate the value of refining such definitions in an evolving workplace.

Hence the focus on productivity and job satisfaction in small firms, especially under ADA-threshold size, compared to increasingly larger employers. Exhaustive definitions of productivity and job satisfaction are about as elusive as…. [read more]

Women and Gender Bias Thesis

… Women and Gender Bias

The purpose of the present paper is to discuss the implications of gender bias and the consequences of Affirmative Action. To be more specific, we will describe the effects which Affirmative action has on women and the principles for moving towards the equality of men.

Right from the beginning we could ask ourselves, taking into consideration the implications of Affirmative Action, the main principle under analysis, whether there is a clear understanding of it, as far as the roles and goals of women are concerned. Trying to answer this question will represent an important part of the paper.

Next, the Affirmative Action programs will be taken into consideration- with both their strengths and weaknesses, pros and cons. The third part of…. [read more]

Psychology of Multiculturalism: Identity, Gender Term Paper

… Indeed, Hispanics and Latin Americans now hold 21 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, and 39 seats are held by African-Americans (Saeman and Thomas, 2004).

How has psychology reacted to the cultural changes, and is the field of psychology ready for the revolutionary changes that some are calling for to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse populations (Saeman and Thomas, 2004)? Psychology is moving on a couple of fronts to meet the new challenges that multiculturalism poses for both the profession and the nation: the subject of development and embracing the multicultural challenge received increased attention beginning in 1998 and 1999 when a group of five psychologists of color envisioned a three-year "window of opportunity" to make a meaningful difference in the ethnic…. [read more]

Ethnicity Gender or Disability Term Paper

… ¶ … equal opportunity policies specifically related to ethnicity, gender or disability under the current british governmental educational policy or proposal

The objective of this work is to critically examine EEO policies specifically related to ethnicity, gender, or disability under the current British Governmental Educational policy or proposed policy.

While laws, policies and regulations have been enacted in Britain to ensure that Equal Employment Opportunities exist for all individuals regardless of ethnicity, gender or disability at the same time other more inherent problems exist that must be addressed such as lacks in education and training within the British workforce.


Key terms of this study include those as follows:

Contract compliance: a program administered by public authorities, which specifies social criteria…. [read more]

Human Development in the Environment Term Paper

… ¶ … Asher Lev

Just as one can develop a sociological analysis of the development of a person in the environment in which he or she was raised and make certain judgments about what influenced that development and how, so can one do the same thing with a fictional character, assuming the author has provide sufficient data that can be used for this purpose. A novel that is detailed enough to make such an analysis and that also involves an interesting milieu in which the central character is raised is My Name Is Asher Lev by Potok (2003).

Lev is a fully developed character living in a community that is largely unfamiliar to most Americans, the Ladover Hassidic community in Brooklyn. This is a highly…. [read more]

Military Diversity in the Armed Research Paper

… S. Armed Forces. Created by 2009 as part of the National Defense Authorization Act (Trevor & Ernes, 1998), the Military Leadership Diversity Commission issued its findings and recommendations on how the departments of defense can promote the representation of females, the youth, and diverse races within the military, during the times when the entire nation faces high expectations of becoming diverse.

The U.S. Armed Forces Reputation with regards to Diversity

Currently, the U.S. military is working hard to create an inclusive force that reflects ethnic and racial diversity of every population within the United States. Consequently, a congress chartered commission reported the achievement of the diversity goals within the lower ranks of military leadership hence the commission expects further improvements within the uppermost ranks of…. [read more]

Counseling People From Other Cultures Term Paper

… 2). Consequently, Latinas tend to drop out of high school at alarming rates, and even when they do remain in school, they do not perform up to their potential. Given the powerful messages they receive at home and the marginalized conditions they endure in school, it is little wonder these young people are placed at a disadvantage. As Vives (2008) emphasizes, "As a result of this harassment, [Latina] students often stay home, cut class, or don't contribute. They can't concentrate on school work and suffer lowered self-esteem and self-confidence" (p. 2). Furthermore, bilingual services are non-existent or poor at many schools and this leads to disillusionment. There is a pervasive negative attitude of school personnel toward non-English languages and the people who speak them. A…. [read more]

Adults With Learning Disabilities Term Paper

… 58). Many people with LD have succeeded in the workplace, often as entrepreneurs, and recent legislation is intended to ease the process of disclosing a disability and obtaining on-the-job accommodations (Brown and Gerber 1994). Adults with LD are employed at the same rate as those with out disabilities, but many are underemployed in part-time, entry-level, minimum-wage jobs (Blackorby and Wagner

1997). Like other workers, people with LD must cope with workplace changes such as teamwork, productivity and skill demands, and technological advances (Brown and Gerber 1994).

In some of the literature (Kerka, 2002)3, on-the-job problems are framed in terms of individual deficits: persons with LD are said to encounter difficulties in establishing routines and processing information correctly (Ohler, Levinson, and Barker 1996); often exhibit low…. [read more]

Lesbian Health Care Dissertation

… The final consequence of such circumstances is that the research quality and generalizability is sacrificed in the face of affordability. Despite these challenges, researchers have indeed conducted fruitful and important research on the health status and experiences of sexual minorities, allowing for a thorough review of the literature concerning lesbian health, lesbian access to health care and lesbian experiences with health care services and professionals.

After reviewing the methodological issues relevant to studying lesbian health, the exiting knowledge concerning the current health status of lesbian women will be reviewed. A great deal of research has established the various risk factors that are unique to lesbians with respect to health care concerns, such as being at an increased risk for various forms of cancer, substance use,…. [read more]

Employment Law Policies for XYZ Business Proposal

… The hiring process should reflect outreach to people of various backgrounds and diversity groups who make solid candidates. Job openings should be advertised mainstream through traditional channels, as well as via diversity targeted fairs, publications and websites (Hennemann, 2011). An online example is, a career site dedicated to providing jobs for underrepresented minorities, women and other diverse job seekers. Once hired, work should be done to retain such talent as well. Mentoring programs and professional development workshops will be helpful to achieve this goal.

All terms and conditions of employment such as compensation, benefits, work assignment, and privileges of employment are to be built on the basis of equality. Fair and ethical diversity practice also extends to communicating expectations for work roles and the…. [read more]

Prescription, Nonprescription and Herbal Medicines Term Paper

… The effect of certain drugs on the enzymes in the liver must also be taken into consideration. Different sorts of drugs have a range of affects of the Cytochrome enzymes that exist in the liver. The drugs either induct or inhibit their performance these enzymes in the process of catalyzing other drugs. The effects of such activities are of particular importance in those patients that have been prescribed an assortment of drugs. The effect of a drug on the performance of an enzyme must be calculated in order to prescribe the proper dosage of the drug, so that it can be sufficiently be administered to the individual, who can receive it without having most of its quantity being reduced by reactions with enzymes in the…. [read more]

Multiculturalism in Healthcare Aim at Long-Term Care Research Paper

… Multiculturalism in Healthcare Aim at Long-Term Care

The process of aging is inescapable, as every human being is its victim. Aging does not discriminate; transcending gender, economic class, ethnicity, religion and culture. During this process, individuals are subject to the diseases and disabling consequences associated with growing older. The medical and additional attention needed for the elderly population has the potential to require long-term care. This need for extra assistance or medical care can cause strain on the elders' family, leading some families to seek services provided by long-term care hospitals, assisted living, hospice, and nursing homes. In the United States alone, there are an estimated 12 million people who need assistance with daily living, including such tasks as bathing, dressing, and eating (Chang, 2004).…. [read more]

Diversity Cultural and Individual Essay

… Diversity

Cultural and individual diversity in the contemporary business environment and workplace is a topic of debate in many companies today. It is a subject that is often to be found in journals and literature on modern business. In essence, diversity in the workless is an issue that is concerned with "….recognizing, respecting and valuing differences based on ethnicity, gender, color, age, race, religion, disability, national origin and sexual orientation" (Business Case for Diversity). Furthermore, the subject of diversity also includes other differences that should be acknowledged and accommodated in the modern workplace. These include aspects such as "…communication style, career path, life experience, educational background, geographic location, income level, marital status, military experience, parental status and other variables that influence personal perspectives" (Business Case…. [read more]

Vulnerability Comes as a Result Essay

… Political

According to a statement from Dr. David Satcher a United States Surgeon General, a number of communities, described by race as well as ethnicity, excessively put up with the trouble of disability from under or if a may say poorly managed mental health issues. For instance, Hispanics in the United States are just about twice as probable as Whites who die as a result of cirrhosis of the liver, regardless of lesser drinking/grave drinking pervasiveness. This is perhaps attributable to elevated cumulative dosage per drinking instance, the pervasiveness of hepatitis C which increases risks to the liver from heavy drinking. For instance, considerable discrepancies in age as well as ethnicity come into view among persons who are served in, as well as absolute, public…. [read more]

Sociological Analysis: Salt Thesis

… As the strike continues, the police evict the miners from homes, carelessly damaging their possessions. The workers face dangerous working conditions and are discriminated against because they are valued less than their white counterparts.

Racial equality is the belief that individuals, regardless of their racial characteristics, are morally, politically, and legally equal and should be treated as such. Furthermore, it is the belief that different racial groups, as groups, are equal, with none being inherently superior or inferior in intelligence, virtue, or beauty. In the United States the term is commonly linked to the belief in equal treatment under the law as well as equal opportunity as a principle to ensure individuals, regardless of their race, an equal opportunity in education, employment, and politics. In…. [read more]

American Association of People Research Paper

… As a result, and once again, there is perfect alignment between policy and practice.


It is difficult to find fault with the human resources and management policies and practices of the American Association of People with Disabilities. If anything, the agency errs in the direction of considering people with disabilities over other employees -- all other things being the same. Since, however, support of this nature forms the touchstones of the agency's work, it is conceptually an empty exercise to consider this a discriminatory practice. The conceptual framework is a familiar one which can be seen in an examination of the rationale for programs that enable affirmative action. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy defined affirmative action as follows:

"Affirmative action" means positive steps taken…. [read more]

Diversity Multimedia: As the Component Essay

… This is despite of the fact that diversity also incorporates the difference in values, perspectives, and ideas.

Examples Presented in Multimedia:

As a great tool for exploiting how individuals tend to label others based on simple excerpts, The Place for Diversity Multimedia consist of various examples that show the different hidden and visible dimensions of a person. The first example is Jenna who is profiled in the scenario that shows the tendency of people to judge others based on their visual dimensions. If seen at the store, Jenna would be judged on the basis of her looks and appearance in which an automatic opinion about her would be formed. Due to her multiple tattoos and piercings as well as her dressing, it's easy to conclude…. [read more]

Diversity Consciousness Expanding Research Paper

… The characteristics ways of feeling, behaving and thinking is broadly defined as Culture. These characteristics are shared among identifiable group members. In a multinational organization, the elements of culture are observable and visible such as the religion apparel and the accent. "A third theme in the literature is that diversity has been linked to a variety of outcomes. Most commonly, diversity effects have been examined in relation to equal employment opportunities at the individual level (Cox & Nkomo, 1990).

From my point-of-view a migrant or an immigrant group can do four things. That group can reject its own culture, it can accept the culture of the host and reject its own culture, it can maintain both its own and the host's culture and last it…. [read more]

Quality of Life the Impact of Social Essay

… Quality of Life

The impact of social support on persons who are healthy both mentally and physically -- and those who are struggling with mental problems -- is profoundly important. This paper reviews the reasons why social support is so vitally important, and delves into the subject of age-related theories that help provide clarity for the human need to adapt to life at an advancing age. Moreover, the concept of child-parent bonding, gender roles and ethnicity issues -- and how they relate to social support resources -- will be covered.

Social Support for One's Quality of Life

A good test of how important social support is for people was the topic when China experienced a massive, 8.0 earthquake struck on May 12, 2008. The earthquake…. [read more]

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