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Ethics of Organ Donation Incentives and Mandates Case Study

… ¶ … ethics of organ donation incentives and mandates continue to challenge the perception and values of healthcare professionals, legislators and lawmakers, and most of all, the general public. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate three quantitatively-based studies that taken together serve to illustrate the paradoxes of the ethics of organ donor and the role of utilitarian ethics specifically. The ethical decision of allowing family members to allow for organ donation once a person has been declared brain dead puts the issue of utilitarian ethics at the forefront of any debate (Siminoff, Burant, Youngner, 2004). The overall trend in medical ethics surrounds a more deontological than utilitarian approach (the means are more important than the result). The combination of ethics of care and…. [read more]

Euthanasia Is a Moral, Ethical Thesis

… The Hemlock Society offered patients that were suffering with incurable diseases instructions on how to "use medications to end life" (Behuniak, 19). Other groups came and went, but the organization that did the most to challenge state laws against doctor-assisted suicide was originally called "Compassion in Dying" and later that name was changed to "End of Life Choices" (Behuniak, 19).

After several groups coalesced around the title, "Compassion & Choices" the language evolved from "right to die" to "death with dignity"; the advocacy efforts of this group clearly were successful as Oregon's legislature passed the "Death with Dignity Act" in 1997. Washington State passed a "Death with Dignity" act in 2008, as did the state of Montana in the same year. In this article Behuniak…. [read more]

Moral Philosophy What Moral Compass Research Paper

… ¶ … Moral Philosophy

What moral compass do you use: Kohlberg's Moral Reasoning, a professional Code of Ethics, or God's word?

The most important moral guidance in my life are God's principles more so than their literal interpretations by man. Since entering Kohlberg's post-conventional stage of moral reasoning, it has become more difficult for me to accept interpretations of God's words that seem to conflict with fundamental principles of God's love. Where such conflicts seem to exist, I apply my most genuine attempt to reconcile the apparent discrepancies and I do what seems to be most consistent with God's principles.

What is your trump card?

My trump card is the principle of do unto others. In my experience, this is the most important of God's…. [read more]

Biomedical Ethics: Euthanasia. One Way of Interpreting Term Paper

… ¶ … biomedical ethics: euthanasia. One way of interpreting euthanasia from a moral point-of-view is utilitarianism.

Utilitarians interpret the rightness or wrongness of an action based on its consequences alone, this being one of the reasons why utilitarianism has been considered a consequential theory. However, at the same time, such an assumption, of judging actions mainly on taking into consideration the consequences has been considered a limitation and a weak point in this theory. Utilitarianism is based on the principle that we ought to do the greatest good for the greatest number of persons involved (the person requesting euthanasia, dependents, relatives, health care providers, or society). In the case of incurable disease, like cancer for instance, utilitarianism may be a way of providing ethical decision-making.…. [read more]

Morality, Suicide and Euthanasia Case Study

… As a general rule -- using Piaget's schema of formal reasoning -- around the age of twelve, cognitive development begins to develop, at least in abstract sense (Devettere, 107). Some children do achieve a level of cognitive development around the age of twelve; in fact some can form hypotheses and they can make decisions based on those hypotheses as regards their health needs, Devettere explains (107). However, that doesn't "guarantee that they will make morally mature decisions," the professor asserts; and a decision about living or dying is moral in nature.

How should the oncologist deal with Jimmy's situation? Children with "chronic conditions" should most certainly be involved in decisions regarding their healthcare (McPherson, 2010, p. 15). But the oncologist should "communicate directly" with Jimmy…. [read more]

Euthanasia Is Illegal Essay

… Proponents of assisted death do not recognize the possibility of misdiagnosis


Proponents of legalization of assisted suicide believe that if assisted suicide aims at ending intolerable and unmanageable suffering, then doctors should render it to patients but upon request. They argue that patients hold the autonomy to decide what is good for them. For patients with incurable diseases which essentially makes the patient lack the meaning and purpose of existence, assisted death should be their best option as this will lessen they distress and emotional suffering of people close to her (Levene 205). For instance, Michael, the husband to Terrie felt that the only option to ease his emotional pain and that of his wife was to help her die through withdrawing the feeding…. [read more]

Assisted Suicide: Sin Against Faith & Hope Term Paper

… This is a disingenuous conclusion for a chapter that purportedly set out to examine the ideas on both sides of the argument. Instead, it is a superficial conclusion that falls in line with the superficial overview of the discussion at the heart of the euthanasia issue: “the moral rightness of killing or letting die for the good of the patient” (Vaughn, 2012, p. 625). Vaughn (2012) never gives an answer one way or another.

My View

My view on this matter is that the most appropriate ethical approach to physician-assisted suicide can be found in natural law as described in Roman Catholicism. In this view, as Vaughn (2012) points out, natural law would forbid “active and passive euthanasia, though the condemnation comes with qualifications” (p.…. [read more]

Ethics of Discarded Computers Term Paper

… Moreover, the odor of burning plastic is so strong that classes at a nearby school are forced to close at times. Sixty percent of students and as many teachers cough and have breathing problems (Fackler 2002).

Villagers are becoming richer, however it is at the health of their neighbors as well as their own. This region now has an estimated 2,500 computer waste businesses. The majority of them are family owned, employing as many as 100,000 people, many of them are migrants from other parts of China. Where once they picked through pig bones and duck feathers, now they deal in integrated circuits, e-trash (Fackler 2002). Most villagers welcome the computer trash, even though it does poison their water and creates an unnatural, unsightly landscape…. [read more]

Brophy Case Study

… Examples of people that could become included in such laws would include those with Down's Syndrome, the autistic, the paraplegic, the quadriplegic and so forth. Taken to the extreme, the paradigm could include the socially unproductive, the ideologically unwanted, the racially unwanted and so forth. If one is noticing a pattern here, that person would be correct because this is precisely what the Nazi euthanasia program and general eugenics proponents would suggest. Noted scholar on the subject of euthanasia Alex Schadenberg, who wrote the book Exposing Vulnerable People to Euthanasia & Assisted Suicide, notes that "the idea that there are lives unworthy to believed is dangerous." He continues by saying "the slippery slope is not imaginary. It exists -- and despite the efforts of euthanasia…. [read more]

Skill Building the Course Work Essay

… I learnt that to make such a conclusion in an ethical dilemma requires the gathering of evidence from various credible sources on the meaning and foundations of ethical principles and obligations that bind a healthcare professional. This is the process of giving reading direction in problem solving.

The acquisition of knowledge has improved with the progress made in acquiring reading, thinking, and writing skills. Prior to the course, I used to read useful articles and articles that caught my interest. However, the course has increased my reading skills, since I can read on Bioethics though I am a businessperson, and gain helpful information from them. I no longer have to read an article twice or more than once, to gain any useful information or understanding.…. [read more]

Euthanasia Euthenasia the Topic Essay

… Euthanasia


The topic of euthanasia is one that evokes an extensive and complex range of reactions. These range from outright moral indignation at the very suggestion that the taking of another human life could be legitimized, to arguments that provide rational reasons and justifications for the need for the legalization of euthanasia. Another variable that has to be taken into account is the social and cultural relativity about euthanasia. While Western views about euthanasia are similar in many respects there are many cultures where euthanasia is found to be more acceptable as, for example, a means of ending suffering. This also applies to different periods in history, for example, "…in Greek and Roman times such practices as infanticide, and suicide and euthanasia was widely…. [read more]

Euthanasia and Particularly the Question of Passive Essay

… ¶ … euthanasia and particularly the question of passive as opposed active forms of euthanasia have been intensely debated in the media and in medical circles during the last few decades. The very issue of euthanasia is one that is, from one perspective, opposed to the medical ethos and the emphasis on saving rather than terminating life. This is the main reason why there is such a prolific and voluble debate on this issue in contemporary society,

Another reason or the focus on the issue of active and passive euthanasia is that, "Since the turn of the century, there has been a dramatic shift in the places where people die" (Decisions Near the End of Life: CEJA Report, 1992, p. 2229). The consequence of more…. [read more]

Euthisanina Euthanasia Is a Big Essay

… The religious aspect in the euthanasia subject is the most sensitive considering that a majority of people believe in religion and the bible clear states "Thou shall not kill." A patient's personal preference should be adhered to no matter the prevailing arguments and debates. In special cases where the physicians have conclusively determined the patient might never recover and placing the patient on life support will not have a positive outcome, euthanasia should be considered and administered. Passive euthanasia should be recommended as the patient will die of natural causes and not because they were injected with any lethal drug. Euthanasia should also be a choice for the patient and his/her family. There is absolutely no need for the government to insist against the procedure,…. [read more]

Euthanasia - Should Be Your Legal Right Essay

… Euthanasia - Should Be Your Legal Right

Euthanasia should be your legal right

The purpose of the present paper is to discuss the very complex issue represented by euthanasia. The main argument of the paper is that euthanasia should be a legal right. I will begin by analyzing the definition of the main concept. I will compare my definitional criteria with the ones suggested by others and I will also present a case which meets them as a conclusion.

According to, a website dedicated entirely to the issue under discussion, euthanasia is the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit. Just like the definition underlines, the decisive factor is represented by intentionality. If intention…. [read more]

Euthanasia War and Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … non-moral or religious standpoint; while individual suicide is illigeal in many countries, the more legalistic issue is final exit, or assisted suicide that is advocated by many right-to-die organizations. There is not necessarily a completely clear legal distinction between "assisted suicide" and "final exit suicide." Advocates of final exit suicide will say that the decision to end one's life should remain with the individual, not the State. And if a group or another person lends information that can help someone end pain and suffering, that is not murder or manslaughter. If another individual assists in helping someone commit suicide, they are, in legal terms, abetting a felony. The predominant medical view in the United States holds that anyone who wants to willingly end…. [read more]

Business Strategy Class, Group Assigned Essay

… There are no easy answers to these philosophical questions and the laws regarding euthanasia are not consistent in the major industrialized nations and also very from state to state.

In the United States, despite its emphasis on individual autonomy in the law, while "the competent terminally ill patient has the right to make a legally binding advanced directive in anticipation of inability to choose withdrawal of treatment (for example gastrostomy tubes)," he or she is "not permitted to hasten death by means of additional medication given with physician advice and/or assistance in the final stages of illness" (Fraser & Walters 2000). Thus, the idea that sins of omission are worse than sins of commission seems to be enshrined in the law. The patient can refuse…. [read more]

Euthanasia Should Be Illegal Term Paper

… Like other suicidal individuals, patients who desire suicide or an early death during a terminal illness are usually suffering from a treatable mental illness, most commonly depression."

Depression coincides with medical conditions for several reasons (Bopp and Coleson, Oregon Right to Life):

The medical condition may biologically cause depression.

The medical condition may trigger depression in patients who are genetically predisposed to depression.

The presence of illness or disease can psychologically cause depression, as is often observed in patients with cancer.

Some treatments or medications have side effects that cause depressive moods or symptoms, especially those involving cancer.

Few terminally ill patients wish to commit suicide unless they have depressive illness as well.

Despite the danger and pervasiveness of depression in terminally ill patients, it…. [read more]

Cons of Pro-Assisted Suicide Perspective Research Paper

… ¶ … Against Assisted Suicide

There are few topics in medicine today as controversial as the issue of assisted suicide. Though there are perhaps fewer headlines regarding the subject than during Dr. Jack Kevorkian's heyday or the Terri Schiavo, legal and ethical battles regarding the subject are still ongoing. Several states have passed laws legalizing assisted suicide in certain situations, and many other states have considered similar measures. The question is, at what cost? Suicide has been considered wrong by almost every civilization, and proscribed against even in ancient codes of law. What does it say about our modern sensibilities that the human condition has become so degraded and devalued that the thought of another person taking their life -- and worse, that they may…. [read more]

Ethics Abe and Mary Essay

… Some people believe that knowing negating information about one's health will only make them more ill. In some instances this is the reason why patients do not want to know their prognosis. Not having information about ones prognosis can also hinder people from getting the proper medical attention, which can be a major problem and reduce life expectancy.

In both case the family member had reservations about truth telling because they feared that doing so would be harmful to the patient. The physicians on the other hand had a duty to tell the patients the truth because doing so is of benefit to the patients. In some cases this beneficence that doctors have a duty to honor is in conflict with what family members might…. [read more]

Community Relate to the Problem of Suicide? Essay

… ¶ … community relate to the problem of suicide? Should there be any legal constraints at all?

Suicide is illegal in the United States, and in that sense, it is a problem because thousands of people commit suicide every year. However, it is not clear why suicide is necessarily immoral or why it should be a crime, especially in cases involving those who are suffering from terminal disease, intractable pain, or for whom life has lost all quality or meaning. On the other hand, there may be good reasons why certain legal constraints should apply, such as in connection with soliciting assistance from others or assisting others.

Ethical Problem Presented

The principal ethical problem presented is that to justify legal prohibition, the state should be…. [read more]

Euthanasia: The Good Death You Matter Essay

… ¶ … Euthanasia: The Good Death

"You matter because you are you.

You matter to the last moment of your life, and we will do all we can, not only to help you die peacefully, but also to live until you die."

-Dame Cicely Saunders, founder of Hospice

The history of the euthanasia debate is long and the debate continues to be hotly contested across the globe. Indeed, as far back as 400 B.C., Hippocrates, the "father of medicine" and Greek physician, set forth the foundation from which the medical community would base its practice: "I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel" ("INFORMATION for RESEARCH on EUTHANASIA, PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE;" "NOVA, Doctors' Diaries"). Accordingly, our modern physicians…. [read more]

Active and Passive Euthanasia Term Paper

… If active euthanasia is benevolent, or done with compassion and love, then passive euthanasia is malevolent, and wrong. If done for the wrong reasons of course, such as personal gain, any euthanasia is wrong, but that is not Rachels' argument here, it is whether active euthanasia should be recognized and applied.

Similarly, the utilitarian principle of the "greatest good" also applies here. "The Christian love ethic, searching seriously for a social policy, forms a coalition with the utilitarian principle of the 'greatest good of the greatest number.' Of course it reshapes it into the 'most love for the most neighbors'"

Fletcher 19). The greatest good applied here ultimately comes down to passive euthanasia as the greatest good for the greatest number of suffering, terminal patients.…. [read more]

Death: Suicide, Euthanasia Term Paper

… The is also the consideration of impact this practice will have on society and the way society may devalue life when it becomes a commodity that can be taken rather than cherished at all costs. The appearance of control and dignity may also be misleading, as the pain caused to those left behind may be immense, especially if they have strong religious beliefs. The argument against the use of euthanasia or assisted suicide used by the Pope was that these people are at their weakest at the point before death, and that in religious terms this, along with abortion, was a "slaughter of the innocents" (Pope John Paul II in a letter to the world's bishops). This letter also raised concerns regarding the overall morals…. [read more]

Ethics of Human Cloning Term Paper

… A woman carrying a cloned child risks the effects of hormone manipulation and possible multiple miscarriages. A potential child faces the possibility of severe physical and developmental abnormalities.

Potential Social Harm

Critics of cloning also believe that cloning technology has the potential to cause greater social harm on two levels.

First, critics like Leonard Kass, a molecular biologist, argue that cloning saddles a child with unrealistic and hurtful expectations by adults. Kass believes that cloning is "inherently despotic, for it seeks to make one's children...after one's own image" (93). For a cloned individual, the technology itself further raises issues regarding identity and individuality.

This presents a significant degeneration in the parent-child relationship. When parents decide to procreate, there is a tacit acceptance "to having whatever…. [read more]

Philosophical Issue Ethics, Epistemology, Religion Essay

… There are a lot of cases involving doctors acting against their oath simply because they could not accept the fact that their patients experienced great suffering and there was no remedy for their pain.

A. When looking at matters from a utilitarian point-of-view, one is likely to understand that there is nothing wrong with assisted suicide. The Netherlands is one of the few countries that uphold the concept of assisted suicide and it can practically be considered a model in regard to the safety and ethical nature of the operation. The Dutch assisted suicide "story does not begin in earnest until 1973, when a Dutch physician, who killed her seventy-eight-year-old mother at her request, was tried for homicide and, after a very closely followed trial,…. [read more]

Life and Death Book Review

… The author even goes on further with some ideas of how the legislation needs to be really being changed in order to lawfully inspect and receive circumstances of euthanasia.

The book also goes on to talk about many other areas to the reader for example, how this misrepresenting of the border line has left a lot of people with sensitive questions about pain and suffering and how it not only effects the patient but also people around them such as their family and friends (Schemmer, 1998, p. 83 paragraph 2). Schemmer goes a little further and discusses other topics such as the quality of life, death with dignity, and the costs of long-term care. He mentions that people can really discover many different helpful answers…. [read more]

Physician-Assisted Suicide and Its Moral and Ethical Standards Research Paper

… ¶ … against arguments in Doctor Assisted Suicide

This paper examines the much heated arguments in regards to the moral and ethical standards of the idea of doctor-assisted suicide which is also known as physician-assisted suicide. A medical doctor aided suicide stands out among the numerous clinically and morally recognizable practices involving healthcare for patients in their final hours or those with terminal illnesses. Some contend that a doctor-assisted suicide is morally admissible for individuals with terminal illnesses who have decided to escape their intolerable suffering towards the end of life. Others have argued that doctor-assisted suicide is not morally allowable, on the grounds that it negates the customary obligation of doctors to safeguard life and to not be a risk to the patient. The…. [read more]

Nursing Ethics Essay

… , 2009).

A Code of Ethics is in place so that professionals have a clear and unambiguous way to help make decisions. With the six fundamental principles of ethics combined with the principles of informatics ethics, we find that there is a duty that is expected of the nurse to provide privacy, openness, security, and support the patient's wishes. In this sense, ethics and legality do not mesh. In the case of euthanasia, for instance, a patient may have the appropriate documentation legally signed (no intrusive measures, etc.), and the nurse must be responsible for maintaining those wishes and keeping the records private. They also have the moral duty of allowing the individual the moral right to choose what is best for them as an…. [read more]

Religious Ethics in Comparison Dissertation

… For the second Precept ("…would you sell an employer's secret to a competing company?") men and women both indicated they would take the money and sell out their employer. Men and women both said they would violate the third Precept ("…would you leave your girl/boyfriend or separate from your spouse?") and they would also take the money by going against the 4th Precept ("…would you falsify a report saying a client was a good risk when he wasn't?"). But men were more likely to agree with the 5th Precept ("…would you drink a bottle of whiskey every day for a year?"). If there was a similar study of Christians or Muslims one could fairly compare those two denominations with this Buddhist investigation, but those studies…. [read more]

Ethics Assisted Suicide White Paper

… ¶ … tried to expand on areas that looked very week. You can copy and paste into your paper. If you have any questions or concerns let me know

I'd put this in either the first section the basic dispute section

The motivation that drives a person to pursue assisted suicide is an important issue in the debates regarding the ethics, legality, and what appropriate response to requests for assisted suicide should entail. Understanding the motivation is critically important to in order to determine if physician-assisted suicide should be considered a viable alternative for these individuals. The empirical literature has revealed three general categories of previously described explanations that people use to justify their desire to end their lives: (1) the most common reason for…. [read more]

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