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Statistics in Research and Analysis the Experiments Research Paper

… ¶ … Statistics in Research and Analysis

The experiments, analysis and statistics-5

Uses of statistics in experiments and research-5

Tools of Analysis-7

Experimental Design-9

Common uses in every day life-12

USE of STATISTICS in RESEARCH and ANALYSIS

This paper concerns itself with the use of statistics as a means and the important tool in research and analysis -- both in the scientific and social sphere. Statistics can be defined as a study of variability and enumeration. It tries to quantify and enumerate uncertain things in a scientific manner. That is because there is an element of uncertainty in all affairs of research and information processing. For example measurements made by scientists and other people are mostly uncertain in some way. One example cited by Kault…. [read more]


Statistics Are Integral to Research Term Paper

… Statistics are integral to research but it is important to know how to read, interpret, and use statistics so that one can best comprehend what one is reading and not be duped by those who may distort statistical data for subjective purposes.

Statistics are powerful, but used incorrectly or erroneously they can also distort information and lead to negative results. Just as words are ambiguous, numbers and images (such as tables, flowcharts, graphs etc.) can be misleading too.

Reading articles that contain statistical data involves a critical manner throughout and involves practicing critical techniques.

Firstly, one has to constantly question the source of the data. Even when extracted from a scientific article, the journal needs to be checked to see whether it is a peer-reviewed…. [read more]


Childhood Obesity Research Research Proposal

… In the quest to get the credible information, there will be several online databases and search engines that will be utilized to come up with scientific data and social factors and evidence in handling the issue of obesity. Some of those internet resources will include Google scholar, Medline, Scopus, World Health Organization and UNICEF among others.

Conclusion

The menace of obesity is a serious concern in Saudi Arabia since the tremendous increase in the proportions of the people suffering from obesity brings it to the forefront as a health concern as well as a social concern that needs to be handled once and for all in order to help salvage the country from impending repercussions that the country faces. This can only be achieved when…. [read more]


Statistics in Management Essay

… ¶ … Statistics in Business Decision-Making and Management

The use of statistics in contemporary business decision-making is a key feature of business management. In the information age, perhaps no skill is as critical to effective decision-making as the proper consideration and analysis of data. Whether they come in the form of sales reports, customer surveys, scientific analysis of product trials, or human resource cost figures, compiled data sets are everywhere available and the savvy manager must know how to wade through the numbers in order to get to the key information which will allow her to set a course for operations that enhance competitiveness and ensure longevity for the company or department under her command. Statistics is the tool which serves to facilitate such decision-making.…. [read more]


Drug Use and Abuse Research Paper

… The participants averaged 32 years of age and 59% were male; males were more likely to use alcohol, heroin, cocaine, crack cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana and hallucinogens than females; moreover, males reported using alcohol, marijuana and hallucinogens at "…a significantly younger age than females (Shannon, 98). The reason the study was done in eastern Kentucky included the fact that eastern Kentucky has "…the highest prevalence group when examining illicit drug use other than marijuana" for individuals 12 or over in the United States (Shannon, 99).

The participants were solicited by placing flyers in public locations. Once the initial participants were selected (they had to have been injecting drugs in order to quality) they were then interviewed and asked to bring friends (that were also drug users)…. [read more]


New Trucking Hours of Service Rule Research Paper

… ¶ … new trucking hours of service rule will take effect in the United States that will have important implications for over-the-road trucking companies and their professional drivers. To gain some fresh insights into these implications, the purpose of this paper was to use the three value system comprised of law, morality, and social responsibility in the application of different ethical principles in the analysis of the response by Swift Transportation and Werner Enterprise to the new hours of service rule. To this end, the paper presents a review of the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly, governmental and organizational literature in these areas, followed by a summary of the research, important findings, personal opinions and recommendations in the paper's conclusion.

Table of Contents

A.

Introduction

1.

Purpose…. [read more]


Examining the Impact of Labor Unions Research Paper

… One of the main arguments used to show that labor unions are outdated impediments to progress is the ever increasing managerial hostility and attitudes towards unions. This hostility and attitude is a by-product of negativity as well as other factors or a consequence of combination of factors. Managers have continued to show their negativity towards labor unions because of differences in market composition and structures, changes in labor laws, organization size, differences in public policies, union philosophies, and the impacts of unions on wages (Campolieti, Gomez & Gunderson, 2013, p.100).

Secondly, unions are seen as old-fashioned impediments to progress because many workers are not covered by collective bargaining contracts. Since these organizations are formed to help in collective bargaining, the lack of numerous bargaining contracts…. [read more]


Buprenorphine Induction in Primary Care Research Paper

… The uncertainty of the feasibility and safety of the home based induction as a method of managing opioid dependence. The study problem in the research is significant to the nursing and other health care professions. The study begins by providing the mechanisms of action of buprenorphine as a drug of choice for managing opioid dependence. It gives detailed information on the management of a patient planned for the office based and home induction management of opioid dependence. For example, some of the management principles applicable to the nursing field include the need for patients to refrain from the use of opioids and enter into a state of withdrawal before initiating the treatment. It also provides other information necessary for the nursing profession, such as proper…. [read more]


Education Research-Based Cooperative Learning Literature Review Good Research Paper

… Education

Research-based Cooperative Learning Literature Review

Good writing skills are critical for today's students to be successful. Most teachers would agree that communication is pretty important in education. In fact, it's a necessary component of education, livelihood, and basic functionality in our society. it's also fairly obvious that there are two main ways to communicate, although more obscure forms exist. Basically, we talk and we write. That's how we let other people know what's going on, and it's an important skill to have. Unfortunately there are many students who do not write well and could really use work on their skills in order to get better.

Writing skills help a student attain self-determination, clarity, fluency and creativity in writing. If students master these skills, they…. [read more]


Statistics Term Paper

… ¶ … Statistics

The intent of this study is to define both the qualitative and quantitative statistical methodologies including the development of descriptive and inferential statistics applied to the field of education overall and school counseling specifically. Each of the qualitative and quantitative approaches to statistics are also analyzed from the perspective of how best they can be applied to educational and counseling situations to best support and serve the student. The specifics of how to apply these techniques within the context of a methodological approach to completing research projects is also evaluated. Specifically focusing on the steps of research design, data collection, data analysis, and the ethics of the interpretation of research are also discussed.

Exploring Qualitative Research Methods in Education and Counseling

There…. [read more]


Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice Essay

… The data collected in routine care is aimed at ensuring the patient receives the highest standard of care. Therefore, principles such as anonymity are not ensured because the data is only meant to be for provision of care. Forms used in routine care often have the patient's name or number and can be easily traced to a particular patient. Secondly, in routine care, interviewer bias is not a concern because the interviewer rarely has an angle since they are only collecting data aimed at ensuring the patient gets the appropriate care. The principle of supplementary data is common in both the routine data collection and in research because the nurse has to be observant about the patient's surrounding. Principles that are new include those of…. [read more]


Service Quality Research Essay

… Hence, reliability in terms of the stability of the items on the menu, the physical environment and the familiarity of the staff were important factors in determining their perceived quality of service.

Another major finding related to the relationship between perceived customer satisfaction and the likelihood of repeat visits by the consumer. The study by Chow et al. (2007) attempted to test the strength of the relationship between perceived customer satisfaction and repeat visits by customers. They found that no significant direct relationship could be proven between the perceived customer satisfaction and repeat patronage. However, other factors, such as perceived service quality and demographic factors such as age and education level were strong predictors of repeat patronage. Other demographic factors such as gender and income…. [read more]


Managing Human Resources Analysis of Research Study Methodology Chapter

… Managing Human Resources Analysis of Research

Study Using Qualitative / Quantitative

Analysis research study using Qualitative or Quantitative

Objective of this paper is to evaluate the methodology and data analysis of a research study titled "Perception of Students Characteristics of Effective College Teachers: Validity Study of a Teaching Evaluation Form Using a Mixed-Methods Analysis." Written by Onwuegbuzie, Witcher, Collins, et al. (2007). The study uses mixed methods to evaluate the perception of students on the effectiveness of their college teachers. The study also discusses the effectiveness of teaching evaluation form (TEF) as an indicator of accountability as well as playing decision role in promotion, merit pay rise and selection of adjunct and full-time faculty member. To arrive at the research findings, the study employs methodology…. [read more]


Nursing Research Report the Structure Term Paper

… Other considerations that a researcher must account for within the design section of the study are directly related to the manner by which a sample has been selected, the fashion by which the assessment instrument is administered, possible limitations and delimitations surrounding the investigation, and the applied control procedures. Should these factors not be taken into account there exists a strong possibility that the results, even though statistically analyzed, will be contaminated with error (Polit & Beck, p.8). The Ingersoll, et al. research endeavor fell short of adherence to the aforementioned requirements. Not only did the investigators fail to report on the sampling selection procedure but also the size of their sample simply was not presented or discussed in the "Procedure" section (p.7). Without a…. [read more]


Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments Term Paper

… " (Zoccolillo et al., 1999) Thus, the AAOD student is at a clear disadvantage in terms of successfully completing a high-school diploma and moving on to a career-oriented post-secondary education.

Additionally, high school is generally also a milieu in which the adolescent learns other non-academic life skills, including mature means of relating to peers and supervisors, responsible treatment of deadlines and priorities, and the perspective-broadening value of sports and other extracurricular interests.

Absenteeism limits the opportunities for acquiring such skills, and even while attending, the AAOD student in all likelihood will not maximize the chance to participate in meaningful relationships and activities. Playing sports while drunk or stoned, or both, obviously also risks serious injury for the student and his or her teammates.

At its…. [read more]


Eveland's Research Design Is Quasi-experimental Essay

… The rules set up clear boundaries between research and practiced medicine. The rules define or provide a sort of cost-benefit analysis with regard to using human test subjects as a part of research.

Furthermore these federal rules provide clearcut guidelines in the selection process of research or experimentation involving human subjects. Finally, the rules make clear that there must be informed consent of the human subjects regarding the nature of the research settings. These rules were influenced by a document called the Belmont Report that was published shortly before the Federal Human Subjects Protection rules were established. The overall intention of the rules and the commission that governs or oversees these kinds of issues within behavioral research, is to make sure that the use of…. [read more]


Healthcare Research What Was the Importance/Purpose Thesis

… Healthcare Research

What was the importance/purpose of the study? Describe the inclusion criteria for participant selection in this study.

The premise of the study was that a referral-based outpatient HIV testing system for patients referred from the emergency department (ED) had been ineffective in identifying unrecognized HIV infection due to poor adherence. The study hence aimed to determine whether or not a financial incentive would improve the proportion of referred patients who actually complete testing, counseling, and follow-up in an on-site HIV clinic. The proponents hypothesized that an incentive would increase participation in HIV testing and hence improve the dismal statistics on the high rates of undiagnosed HIV-positive individuals whose only access to medical care is the ED. This would then hopefully improve early detection…. [read more]


Nonrenewable vs. Renewable Energy Use Essay

… Non-renewable sources of energy have the potential of shaping foreign policies of industrialized and developed countries. Countries such as the U.S., China, Russia, and India strive to secure the non-renewable bases of energy resources (Asif & Muneer, 2007). Industrial and non-industrial use: Though, non-renewable energy has assumed much importance in the policy discourse of governments, NGOs, and transnational corporate bodies of the world, industrial and large scale manufacturing is still dependent on power generation from non-renewable sources of energy. Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, and coal remain the dominant non-renewable resources used by manufacturing and production plants to generate power and other products. This particular difference is still large enough to exist during several years to come.

Conclusion

The use of non-renewable and renewable…. [read more]


School Systems Use Data to Implement Strategies Research Paper

… ¶ … School Systems use Data to Implement Strategies and Drive Instruction for Elementary Students?

In any setting, there is a best way to do something, and elementary school systems are no exception. In the Digital Age, though, trying to make sense of the enormous amounts of information available is often like trying to take a sip from a fire hose and many educators might be at a loss concerning how to use the available data to its best effect. Therefore, identifying ways that other educational school systems have used data to help them implement strategies and drive instruction represents a timely and valuable enterprise.

In an era of dwindling state budgets for education and increasing calls for accountability on the part of teachers and…. [read more]


Statistics in Social Work Research Paper

… Back end testing of additional questions utilizing data from the sample, and test type, performs 'audit' of sorts on the research. While not typically necessary, as outlandish findings are invariably obvious to professionals whom have been working at practice, in training this applied method of assessment is perhaps the best way to learn how to form a strong hypothesis.

b. How using knowledge about effect size can prevent you from applying a relatively weak intervention on the basis of statistical significance alone.

Risk Probability is a simple answer here. Knowledge of effect size will enable discernment where applicability as evidence is not valid, when findings to a small study only reveal insignificant outcomes in terms of statistical significance. In such a case, it is impossible…. [read more]


Course Analysis: Math and Statistics Term Paper

… Statistics can be described as the study of the collection, interpretation, presentation, description and analysis of data. In particular, statistics in business taught us to apply a variety of statistical methods in a business context to facilitate evidence-based decision making and to provide answers to business related questions. The overarching objective of the course was to analyze each of the course elements in detail and at the same time learn how to use this knowledge to describe data and make informed decisions based on well reasoned statistical arguments. The course elements learnt include: descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, hypothesis development and testing, selections of appropriate statistical tests, and evaluating statistical results. All the elements enabled us to make inferences about a given population from sample data,…. [read more]


Spotlighting Samplings 4 Qualitative Research Research Paper

… Magilvy and Thomas (2009) explain that "qualitative research data are usually text data, narratives, and stories told by people about their experiences recorded digitally, on tape, on film, or in photographs, or in notes taken by the researcher" (¶ 4). After being analyzed, described and explained, the ensuring retrieved data may offer a detailed account of the experience "as lived."

As explained earlier in the study, research design illustrates the entire research process from the first notion of the research problem, to creating the data, analyzing and explaining the findings and ultimately publishing the results. In addition to the phenomenology method, the survey method, the ethnography method, and the case study method, the methods the current study examines, research designs also include, however, may not…. [read more]


Statistics Durbin Watson Term Paper

… Statistics -- Watson-Durbin

Analysis of Why Social Networking Played

An Influence in the 2008 Presidential Election

The 2008 Presidential election forever changed the nature of campaigning, constituent management, fund raising, while also creating an entirely different platform for managing campaigns and getting new demographic segments to participate at a level never seen before. The 2008 U.S. Presidential election was the first to rely heavily on highly interactive, agile and quickly defined social networking strategies in an attempt to get those demographic segments who had voted the least in previous elections to participate. Barak Obama concentrated on the younger demographic segments through a concerted strategy of social networking that included sites on Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, YouTube and a multitude of microsites. John McCain stayed with more…. [read more]


Healthcare Statistical Application Research Proposal

… Healthcare

Analysis of Newspaper Research Report Results

In the newspaper article Study finds health care gaps, descriptive statistics were used to evaluate a study that was done by Families USA, a public interest group that monitors health care issues, about health care in the state of Pennsylvania. Descriptive statistics are normally used to describe the essential features of a data study. They tend to provide simple summaries about the sample and the measures. They are typically used together with simple graphics analysis, in order to form the basis of virtually every quantitative analysis of data (Descriptive Statistics, 2006).

Descriptive Statistics are used to put quantitative descriptions into a form that is manageable. A research study may have lots of measures that are being looked at,…. [read more]


Rick Houser's Book Counseling Questionnaire

… They are men who have improved and consummated their physical, mental, spiritual, and psychic organizations to the extreme conceivable degree. With the vision they have picked up, have contemplated, and recorded the accurate Science of the Universe. In fact, present-day science tries to get closer and closer to this Knowledge. However, that Knowledge as of recently exists. It gave us a chance to recall that that this aged Knowledge can never show signs of change any more than immaculate math can change, in any event for our present earth-cycle. Current science must be judged with all considerations of Theosophy and not the other way round because science changes with time while Theosophy like everlasting truth is constant.

What is of true worth to us is…. [read more]


Obesity Is Related Annotated Bibliography

… Making use of these relationships the researchers have presented their data in tables, which indicate the mean findings for the four categories based on different findings and analysis.

Do the conclusions match the results of the study?

The conclusion that the researchers have made is based on their findings of the research. From their conclusion, it is clear that it is reflective of their findings. From their study, they discovered that there is a pattern in the eating habits, and dietary intakes in the four categories, which led them to conclude that age, sex, and overweight influence the eating habits of people. Their future studies will analyze further the effect of drinking, smoking, socioeconomic status, and physical activity in order to determine how they affect…. [read more]


AIDS Rate in Florida Research Paper

… AIDS Rate in Florida

Like cancer, significant progress is being made in treating acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and there are increasing reports of outright cures and extended lifetimes for sufferers. Despite this progress, AIDS remains a significant public health threat in general and in certain states such as Florida in particular. In fact, some cities in Florida have AIDS rates that are higher than the combined total of many states and historical trends indicate that the problem continues to worsen. Although AIDS statistics were first collected in Florida in 1981, these statistics are limited in their comparability with other states due to reporting differences, but it is possible to discern some salient trends in AIDS rates over the years. To this end, this paper…. [read more]


Everyday Statistics in Sports Thesis

… ¶ … Statistics in Sports

"Statistics never lie"

Sports enthusiasts (as cited in Camillo, 2008, ¶1).

Statistical Studies of Sports

Each day, a number of Americans, seemingly mesmerized with sports data collections, read newspaper accounts relating raw and summary data about a variety of sports., Donald Guthrie explains in "Introduction to the miscellaneous sports articles" that: "Statistical studies of sports seem to fall into three categories" (Guthrie as cited in Albert, Bennett, & Cochran, 2005, p. 267). These categories include:

Analysis of rules and strategies;

Analysis of extent participation. (Guthrie as cited in Albert, Bennett, & Cochran, 2005, p. 267)

In the book Anthology of statistics in sports, Jim Albert, professor of mathematics and statistics at Bowling Green State University, Jay Bennett, Principal Scientist with…. [read more]


Evidence-Based Practice Task A: Nursing Research Paper

… Keady, J., Woods, B., Hahn, S., & Hill, J. (2004). Community mental health nursing and early intervention in dementia: developing practice through a single case history. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 1357-67. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.01045.x.

The researchers use a case study of a Dementia patient in primary care intervention indicating the need for diversity of early intervention in dementia care for a community health nurse and psychiatric social worker. This diversity intervention treatment entailed collaboration with the families of the demented patient and proved successful in the case study.

Forrest, S.S., & Masters, H.H. (2004). Evaluating the impact of training in psychosocial interventions: a stakeholder approach to evaluation -- part I. Journal Of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, 11(2), 194-201. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2850.2003.00708.x.

The research indicates that intervention approaches for…. [read more]


Mixed Research Solution to Help Research Proposal

… Risk statistics supply the probability that the certain student is going to be classified under a particular domain or personality type inside his/her respective group. On the other hand, the aim of the composition statistics is to recognize and highlight the probability that the certain student inside a certain classification (as indicated in the risk analysis) - e.g., mentally retarded-- will be of a particular race or ethnicity. He claimed this confusion results in the regrettable stereotype that the large proportion of African-Americans have been in special education. This isn't the case, he asserts, as nearly all African-Americans have been in general education structure (Reschly, 2007).

In majority of the stats, the white and Asian schools, however, have managed to provide special education services that…. [read more]

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