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Intelligent Design, Evolution Term Paper

… Intelligent Design, Evolution

INTELLIGENT DESIGN vs. EVOLUTION

One of the major issues concerning evolution and speciation -- or, rather, how the flora and fauna that we see around us came to be, starting from species that are largely now extinct -- is the process or mechanism by which they occurred.

Intelligent Design advocates believe that the evolved species that we see on earth today is the result of creationism. This means that some "intelligent" cause was responsible for what we observe, which were not a process of natural selection. That everything we see today was created at the beginning of time, simultaneously, as written in the bible. To ascribe a scientific side to it, intelligent design theorists believe that a Christian God is the Intelligent…. [read more]


Evolution vs. Creationism Biological Term Paper

… Most people view religion as based on faith rather than fact and anything that can concretely disprove the creation of the world and of man, as Creationists believe, will destroy the entire foundation of religion itself. While the evolution theory concerns itself only with how life on Earth has progressed and varied since the first life form, Creationists have targeted more than one feature of the theory: first, that man and ape had a common ancestor (Bakke); then that the questionable use of the word "theory" and, later, of evolution as a concept itself. And recently, the Pope released a statement that evolution is, after all, not in conflict with the Church's teaching about creation.

It must also be pointed out that the evolution theory…. [read more]


Evolution in 1987, the Supreme Court Essay

… ¶ … Evolution

In 1987, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in Edwards v. Aquillard. That case was seminal in its importance to the idea of the teaching of Evolutionary theory in the public schools. Since the 1920s, the U.S. Education System has wavered regarding the teaching of creationism vs. evolution in the public schools. In the 1960s, new scientific and teaching standards fueled the debate. Many conservative states attempted to force through legislation that would require the teaching of creationism along with Darwinian evolution. In the early 1980s, a Louisiana law, titled the "Balanced Treatment for Creation-Science in Public School Instruction Act" prohibited teaching evolution unless it was accompanied by a balanced approach in teaching creationism. This essentially forced schools to teach…. [read more]


Liberalism and Conservatism in Contemporary Education Essay

… Liberalism and Conservatism in Contemporary Education

As with all beliefs, there is not one single way to define liberalism and conservatism, and, while at seemingly polar opposites on some things, they are in complete agreement on others. In general, the two views can be traced by to John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. Locke believed humans were born good, and through actualization of their minds could achieve great things for society. Hobbes believed humans were born flawed, and required strict control in order to behave properly. Locke pushed human views to the future with optimism, Hobbes to the past with what worked before. In policy, Conservatives tend to believe that traditional moral values and a strong national defense, coupled with personal responsibility, free markets, and individualism…. [read more]


Death Penalty Evolution Essay

… The court's reasoning was that juveniles have less culpability than adults and, as a result, the goals of the penal system such as retribution and deterrence are not met by executing minors (Roper v. Simmons, 2005). The Supreme Court's decision in Roper v. Simmons (2005) indicates the court's willingness to consider the value of capital punishment in serving the objectives of the penal system.

The Supreme Court has heard numerous cases regarding capital punishment in the past 50 years and it is unlikely the cases are going to stop while the death penalty is still in existence. The Supreme Court originally focused on refining how capital punishment was administered with cases such as U.S. v. Jackson (1968) and Witherspoon v. Illinois (1968). When it first…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Jurisprudence Term Paper

… Death Penalty

Within the realm of law, capital punishment jurisprudence is an important subject. The purpose of this discussion is to review several landmark Supreme Court cases and explain the evolution of capital punishment jurisprudence from 1972 to the present. The research will discuss the following cases: Furman v Georgia, Woodson v. North Carolina, Gregg v Georgia, McCleskey v Kemp, Ford v Wainwright, Atkins v Virginia and Roper v Simmons.

Evolution of capital punishment jurisprudence

If we begin with monumental court cases involving capital punishment jurisprudence, one of the first cases we must investigate is Furman v Georgia. This particular case actually involved William Henry Furman who was convicted of killing a man whose house he was burglarizing. Furman testified that while the burglary was…. [read more]


Separation of Powers Term Paper

… Judicial Branch

The Separation of Powers and the System of Checks and Balances: The Judicial Branch of the Federal Government

The government established by the framers of the United States' Constitution was a grand and complex experiment in many ways. Not only was it the first modern democracy, but the system of checks and balances that the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the federal government were endowed with created a new mechanism for ensuring the responsiveness and responsibility of government offices and the individuals that filled them. As with any decent and ongoing experiment, adjustments have been made as new information and clearer insights arise; it is through this process of evolution and progression that the current policy-making system in this country has come…. [read more]


Comparison of Evolution and Intelligent Design Essay

… ¶ … Evolution is a "Scientific Theory" and "Intelligent Design" Is Not While the debate over evolution versus intelligent design continues, the fact remains that intelligent design is still being taught in some public schools in the United States in spite of the Supreme Court's decision in 1987 that the practice was unconstitutional (Vitaska 25). Formerly termed "creationism" or even "creation science," the concept of intelligent design touches on the very fabric of humanity's belief in an Almighty and the hereafter, and, given that nearly one-third of all Americans believe in the literal word of the Bible and almost one-half believe that modern humans and the universe were created just 5,000 years ago (Vitaska 25), many are therefore reluctant to criticize intelligent design for lacking…. [read more]


Evolution of Texas Rangers Term Paper

… Criminal Justice

Protecting the Rights of All:

The Evolution of the Texas Rangers

Texas represents a fascinating study in what it means to be an American. The meeting place of many different cultures, the state experienced the best and the worst of frontier life and settlement. The Spanish settled among the Native Americans, and later still, settler arrived from the fledgling United States. Texas was, in those days, largely wide-open frontier. Its vast spaces could not easily be controlled. Each of the above peoples, therefore, possessed its own brand of culture; its own ideas about what was right, and what was wrong - its own ideas about justice. The sudden, large-scale influx of' Americans upset the traditional balance that had gradually been created during centuries…. [read more]


Roe v. Wade and Texas: From District Thesis

… Roe v. Wade & Texas: From District Court to the U.S. Supreme Court & Aftermath

This work traces the history of Roe v. Wade in an attempt to discuss the evolution of the case, its significance and lastly how it changed politics and law in its aftermath. The work will briefly trace the case, from inception to the Supreme Court and then discuss its significance, as well as the manner in which its aftermath has affected the politics and policy associated with the issue of abortion and other "rights" issues as they occur on a state by state and federal basis.

Roe v. Wade is probably the most recognized of all U.S. Supreme Court rulings of the 20th century. Yet, few people are aware of…. [read more]


Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]


What Role Should Religion Play in Education Thesis

… Role of Religion

What is the Role of Religion in Education

This is a guideline and template. Please do not use as a final turn-in paper.

What is the Role of Religion in Education?

In Illinois, a federal judge ruled against a state law requiring public school students to observe a moment of silence meant for prayer or personal reflection at the start of each school day. District Judge Robert Gettleman said the law was an unconstitutional breach of the separation of church and state (Calefati, 2009).

In Texas, the State Board of Education heard testimony from leading biologists and social conservatives about revising the state's science curriculum so that it would be more difficult for teachers to discuss possible weaknesses in evolutionary theory (Calefati,…. [read more]


Diplomacy, International Law, and Vienna Convention Term Paper

… Vienna Convention

Is the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and Diplomatic Immunity in need of reform?

The 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations sets accepted rules for diplomatic and consular privileges. It set forth certain immunities that are considered necessary for diplomats to carry out their functions in keeping international peace. Diplomacy makes it necessary for certain individuals and their family to reside in a foreign state (Higgins, 1985). The families of diplomats, administrative, technical, and service staff of embassies and other international organizations have certain immunities from the laws of the state in which they reside.

The increase of awareness regarding the global threat of terrorism and several key cases claiming abuse of privileges under the Vienna Convention have raised questions as to the…. [read more]


Amendments US Constitution Term Paper

… Constitution

According to the Second Amendment of United States Constitution "A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." The Fourteenth Amendment provides: "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection…. [read more]


Israel Internal Security Case Study

… Israel Internal Security Case Study

Nature of the state

Israel is a young nation, developed following WWII, when Britain withdrew from Palestine and the United Nations partitioned a portion of it for the resettlement of displaced Jews following the war. Arab nations in the region and Palestine itself rejected the arrangement, but it was followed through with nonetheless. The arrangement developed into several costly wars in which the Israeli army was successful, with the aide of foreign backing but many deep rooted tensions have not been resolved since. The Israeli government also occupies additional lands, which were acquired through these costly wars, most notably the Gaza strip and a few other regions, though some have been returned to their nation of origin since.

On 25…. [read more]


Orwellian World the Accuracy Term Paper

… It is highly significant therefore that,

Winston could not definitely remember a time when his country had not been at war, but it was evident that there had been a fairly long interval of peace during his childhood, because one of his early memories was of an air raid which appeared to take everyone by surprise. Perhaps it was the time when the atomic bomb had fallen on Colchester. He did not remember the raid itself, but he did remember his father's hand clutching his own as they hurried down, down, down into some place deep in the earth, round and round a spiral staircase which rang under his feet and which finally so wearied his legs that he began whimpering and they had to…. [read more]


Merger Activity Due in Large Term Paper

… ¶ … merger activity due in large part to the internationalization of trade, the globalization of the transportation industry and innovations in telecommunications. Mergers have been used for a wide range of purposes, including achieving a synergistic effect, breaking up corporations that have become too large and unwieldy, and to help companies expend their market share in other regions. Over time, merger activity tends to assume a pattern of waves that can be attributed to several known factors such as severe economic shock or lax government regulatory polices, but a wide range of other factors have also been shown to contribute to the cyclical pattern of wave mergers, an issue that is the focus of this study. The primary aims of this study were to…. [read more]


Madison's Role in Trying to Balance Civil Term Paper

… ¶ … Madison's Role in Trying to Balance Civil Liberties with Government Power through the Drafting of the Bill of Rights?

The Founding Fathers were faced with a number of important issues as they debated the form and content of the Constitution then under consideration, not the least of which was ensuring that their own individual interests would be addressed in the new country. The Constitution that emerged from this debate was not entirely satisfactory to all of the convention delegates as it related to individual liberties, though, and a series of amendments was proposed for this purpose that has become known as the Bill of Rights today. Although it represented the work of many minds, the primary author of the first ten Amendments to…. [read more]


Affirmative Action Minority Friend or Foe Term Paper

… ¶ … affirmative action help or hinder minorities. Why?

Affirmative action is regarded as the set of preferences and quotas, which are offered within prescribed limits of time and scope, with the purpose to 'benefit the least advantaged or to achieve a certain proportionality of benefits between the more advantaged and the less advantaged in society'. Affirmative Action is also considered to be 'a policy of favoring qualified women and minority candidates over qualified men or non-minority candidates with the immediate goals of outreach, remedying discrimination, or achieving diversity, and the ultimate goals of attaining a color-blind and a gender-free i.e. no sexual discrimination society' (Johnson, 2004) the color-blind society is termed as the society in which the 'race has no more significance than eye…. [read more]


Catholic Church in Spain Term Paper

… On the flip side however, rising attitudes of liberalism, republicanism, socialism, anarchism, and intellectual pluralism ensured a direct and stiff challenge to the once accepted view of the clergy that Spain was always a catholic nation and would be one always.

The author has divided the book into twenty-four chapters. There is an introduction that surveys the Church from 1808 to 1873, followed by which there is a critical examination of the Church and politics from the year 1874 which signals the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy until the year 1930 which brought about the fall of the Primo de Rivera dictatorship. There is also a brief description and analysis of a host of topics that comprise the religious organization, clerical demography, the size, positioning…. [read more]


Adults Have an Episode Term Paper

… A more dire example of the crippling effect that the United States.'s refusal to ratify certain death penalty-related treaties is in the obstacles to international investigation that may be posed by nations who are reluctant to cooperate with a non-signatory. In the case of Zacarias Moussaoui, a French citizen, France and Germany have been notably reluctant to share information regarding the September 11 attacks in which Moussaoui played a significant role, due to prohibitions such as the one in the German Constitution which "forbids submission of any material that could lead to the death penalty" (ibid. 1300). Such roadblocks to international cooperation are a significant problem with the United States' death penalty policies.

The international pressure is certainly not the only reason that the Supreme…. [read more]


Voting Rights Act of 1965 Term Paper

… ¶ … Voting Rights Act of 1965

The struggle for civil rights in America was marked throughout its history by numerous important events which in the end achieved the equality that the U.S. Constitution defined in the 18th century. However, it was an uphill battle which demanded sacrifice and continuous activism. In order to have a more comprehensive view on the actual impact of the Voting Act of 1965 it is important to consider some theoretical aspects of the vote, the historical background of the issue, the steps that led to the signing of the Act, the controversies surrounding the issue, as well as its immediate consequences.

Theoretical aspects of the vote

In a democratically ruled country, the right to vote for every citizen is…. [read more]


Role of Land Settlement Cooperative in the Kingdom of Thailand and Its Business Performance Term Paper

… Role of Land Settlement Cooperative in the Kingdom of Thailand and Its Business Performance

Prior to the Cooperative Crisis

Agriculture is a mark of civilization for the mankind.

It is beyond economy.

It is a part of our society, and a part of our culture." (Kittiampon)

Interview: Thailand...," 2000)

Cooperative Contentions

This researcher contends that in Thailand, an agricultural cooperative's business duties, when dealing with farmers may be divided into two primary scopes:

The first "scope" consists of the original idea founding the agricultural cooperative, focusing on money, in the realms of either savings or loans.

Another "scope," marketing needs to cover the dual aspects of marketing agricultural products, such as providing pertinent agricultural input to members and gathering members' products to resell.

The primary…. [read more]


Harlem During 1920-1960 Term Paper

… Harlem During 1920-1960

The United States is considered for centuries now the "land of all opportunities." Throughout time, it has attracted millions of people from around the world in search for a better future and for new ground for personal affirmation. However, behind the glamour and excitement of the "American dream" there lie numerous unsuccessful stories that come to point out the different perspectives of a certain reality.

The struggles that have marked the history of Harlem can be considered relevant examples in this sense. This part of the city of New York has shared the image of a troubled existence, that of the Black Americans that erected it, and of the millions of immigrants who found shelter in the slums and overcrowded streets of…. [read more]


Prison Libraries Term Paper

… The IFLA states the one employed as prison librarian should have the necessary qualifications in library skills and the "ability to work in a prison environment...and emphasizes the importance of being aware of prisoners' immediate and potential needs" (Lehmann pg). Positions call for a library director with an ALA accredited MLS or equivalent plus two years experience in a professional capacity (Lehmann pg).

There are many organizations and foundations that contribute to prison libraries. Books Through Bars, founded in the late 1980's by the employees of New Society Publishers, "sends quality reading material to prisoners and encourages creative dialogue on the criminal justice system, thereby educating those living inside and outside of prison walls" (Books pg). While conducting a research study at women's prisons, Katherine…. [read more]


Sociology History of Business Science Research Proposal

… Delimitations

Today, modern business systems help an increasingly globalized world function in seamless ways. In fact, English is rapidly becoming the lingua franca of the business world and transnational borders and cross-cultural factors no longer operate as major barriers to commerce. Further, a wide range of financial instruments exist such as letters of credit and bills of lading whose purpose and operation are readily understood by businesspeople from New York to New Delhi. Business correspondence too has a fairly standardized format that businesspeople all over the world both use and understand and all of these features have helped create a modern business system that is both efficient and effective in achieving the movement of goods and services around the world. All of these business systems,…. [read more]


Down These Mean Streets Believe Term Paper

… Their generation questioned Anglo American hegemony over historical interpretation and their domination of the historical research agenda (Sanchez Korrol 2000). Not satisfied with merely creating "knowledge for the sake of knowledge," their goals ranged from charting innovative courses and methods that served to "set the record straight," to reconstructing social histories important in and of themselves (Sanchez Korrol 15).

The academic generation of the seventies and eighties sought to reconstruct nineteenth- and twentieth-century diaspora communities in all of their ethno-racial, class, and gendered complexities. Incorporating popular culture and written and oral traditions, these academics redefined the parameters of the new social history and, in the process, empowered Latino communities. The result was a historical interpretation that conferred agency on U.S. Latinos, bringing them out of…. [read more]


Scholars Say That Because the Framers Term Paper

… ¶ … scholars say that because the framers of the U.S. Constitution were a relatively group of white men, many of whom had been educated at the country's best schools and were from some of the best families, the document produced was biased in various ways. For example, in 1987 Justice Thurgood Marshall said that the Constitution was "defective from the start," that its first words -- "We the People" -- excluded "the majority of American citizens," because it left out blacks and women. Regardless of whether or not one agrees with this sentiment, it is true that equal rights for "all" has been a concern throughout U.S. history. It can easily be said that the decade of the 1960s was one of the most…. [read more]


Legislating Morality Research Paper

… The Supreme Court claimed that when upholding the Roe vs. Wade decision that they were not legislating morality by making abortions legal. However, it is clear that in their decision by legalizing abortion the Supreme Court has essentially declared that abortion is right. As such, this is certainly a statement of morality and legalized abortions represent an example of the legislation of morality. Many government officials argue that legalizing abortions represents the government's way of remaining neutral on the issue of abortion; the government is not actually forcing anyone to go out and get an abortion nor is the government stating that having abortions is good, but instead the government is recognizing a woman's control over her body and are allowing women to exercise their…. [read more]

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