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Terrorism Research Paper

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m. Federal Bureau of Investigation -- 28 C.F.R. §0.85

"[Terrorism is] [t]he unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a Government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives."[footnoteRef:17] [17: (The Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2005).]

3. Two Approaches to the Complexity of Terrorism Definitions

As nations struggle to define terrorism in order to target and combat it, the conflicting viewpoints and interests become obvious in the sheer number of their definitions, all focusing on a single word: terrorism. Even within the United States, separate governmental departments rely on separate definitions. In the face of these burgeoning and changing definitions, scholars have attempted to find a common ground from which we…. [read more]

Terrorism in Northern Ireland Essay

… It would actually be absurd for someone to claim that these individuals care for the well-being of Ireland as long as they are unhesitant about engaging in terrorist acts that are likely to reflect negatively on the general population. The thousands of people that died across time as a result of terrorist attacks in Northern Ireland stand as evidence that these groups have no sense of right and wrong and that, over time, their minds have come to be clouded by their irresponsible ambition.

The authorities primarily have "to look further into those factors that predispose individuals to follow the path of violence and particularly to maintain their disposition" (Whittaker 15). Terrorism in Northern Ireland has come to be more than just a simple act…. [read more]

Terrorism in Western Europe Essay

… According to a 2006 CSR report for congress that sought to review the approaches European countries were adopting in an attempt to contain terrorism, it was stated that Spain is mainly focused on overcoming shortfalls in terms of resources allocated to various intelligence and security institutions charged with counterterrorism. Attempts have also been made to ensure that the country's local police i.e. The Civil Guard and the National Police Corps are given advanced counterterrorism training especially when it comes to handling Islamist extremists. In addition to the formulation of new security policies especially after the U.S. 9/11 attacks, the sale of explosives has also been put under tight control in Spain.

Terrorism in Italy

According to Antonello and O'Leary (2009), Italy's history is doted with…. [read more]

Explosive Terrorism Research Paper

… Terrorism

Ever since the year 2001, The United States Homeland Security has been specifically focused upon not only defending the country against terrorist attacks and providing care in the aftermath of such an attack, but also on preventing similar future attacks. The best way towards prevention is an understanding of the precise threats facing the country and cultivating ways in which these can be eliminated. One of the most devastating and destructive of these threats is explosive devices. Homeland Security and other agencies have a vital role to play when faced with these threats. This role includes official action to gain intelligence and perpetrate offenders, as well as informing the public of potential threats to help citizens ensure their own safety in case of an…. [read more]

Terrorism Global Term Paper

… Terrorism

Global Terrorism

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and analyze the topic of current global terrorism. Specifically, it will discuss the arrest of three suspected terrorists in Germany, and their ties to the Al Qaeda terrorist organization.

Who: The Al Qaeda terrorist organization in Iraq was at the roots of this group of terrorists, and this organization is headed by Osama bin Laden. The men trained with the cell "Islamic Jihad Union," which is a "little-known" Sunni Muslim group in Uzbekistan that is tied to Al Qaeda.

What: Three terror suspects captured by German authorities, suspected of targeting American bases and tourist spots for bombing. Authorities are also looking for up to ten other suspects still at large.

Where: The suspects targeted…. [read more]

Terrorism Final Examination Questions Essay

… Question 3

Why do some terrorist groups use suicide bombing as a strategy? Please include at least three reasons in your answer.

Terrorist groups use suicide bombing as a strategy is because suicide bombs are dramatic public displays of violence often taking place in sensitive areas. Consider suicide bombings in Israel, Palestine, and other areas in what is referred to in the west as the Middle East. The bombings are on public transportation and even school buses. The bombings take place in marketplaces or in other areas where there are high concentrations of civilians as well as military personnel. The targets of suicide bombings are mainly average civilians because their deaths instill the most tragedy and provide the maximum dramatic impact. Shafiq and Sinno state:…. [read more]

Terrorism Has Posed a Threat for Society Research Proposal

… Terrorism has posed a threat for society ever since the early ages when people have resorted to committing crimes against other people with the belief that such an act would better their condition. There are several factors responsible for influencing certain people in performing such criminal activities. In spite of the fact that it has been proved that terrorism brings no benefit to those that perform it, there are still people today that are fond of performing it and believe that the act is, in fact, effective.

Terrorism is something that mankind had always known, and, with the evolution of man, the act of terrorism has also evolved, too. The civilized society has struggled to isolate and abolish any thought of terrorism throughout the world.…. [read more]

Terrorism Assess the Likelihood of a Terrorist Term Paper

… Terrorism

Assess the likelihood of a terrorist group use of CBRN weapons

There is a high and rising probability of the usage of the chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear -CBRN weapons by majority of terrorists even though certain established terrorist groups are expected to remain restricted by such aspects like being alien to the weapon and its dubious political usefulness. The possible danger caused by CBRN weapons in the hands of terrorists is observed with increasing anxiety by both government and society following the current highly destructive terrorist events. Al-Qaeda and other concerned terrorist gangs persist to show their knack in large-scale killing of human beings through the use of CBRN i.e. chemical, radiological and nuclear arsenals.

Renowned persons in the U.S., has been expressive…. [read more]

Terrorism Concepts Essay

… Terrorism Concepts

no answer available; no author "Dr. Hanle" could be found, either

Mao's first stage of revolutionary mobilization is the organization and consolidation of base areas, preserving certain enclaves (usually in areas that were hard for outsiders to reach, isolated and/or with rough surrounding terrain). Then, single-mission attacks meant to terrorize as well as obtain resources would be carried out to allow for progressive expansion. Finally, the enemy would be engaged in all-out warfare and destroyed.

During consolidation, terrorism is necessary in order to obtain political support, and to dissuade local citizens that might not side with the revolutionaries from becoming involved on the wrong side. Before enough power is obtained by the revolutionaries, terrorism is also the only real means of making attacks…. [read more]

Terrorism Defining and Justifying Term Paper

… Terrorism

Defining and Justifying Terrorism

Terrorism has been around since Biblical times. In about 167 B.C. A disenfranchised group of Jews, called the Maccabees, went up into the mountains around Jerusalem to hide, coming down as frequent intervals to terrorize the Syrians who had invaded and were occupying their land. They worked to resist the oppression of Antiocus Epiphanes, who introduced worship of idols in their temple, erecting a statue in it of the goddess Diana. Of course, the Bible does not call the Maccabees terrorists. They are seen as patriotic and heroic, since eventually they did succeed in driving out the Syrians and taking back their temple for the worship of God.

The word terrorism is a powerful word often used by politicians to…. [read more]

Latin American Terrorism Issues Research Paper

… United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

This group of terrorist is relatively weak and less active. Very few activities have been reported by this group. It has more than 32000 members dismissed. Thus, it remains inactive as a formal group. Despite of its less activities, many old members of AUC are engaged in criminal activities mostly drug trafficking, in newly emerging criminal organizations (known as BACRIM, BandasCriminalesEmergentes). This newly emerging group has more than 3500 and less than 6000 members. To cope with this situation, Colombian government has taken multiple steps and made new laws. These laws are being implemented properly in order to generate peace in the region. One of the unique and most effective laws made in this context is the thorough and…. [read more]

Terrorism in Seattle Case Study

… On December 29, 1999, Seattle Mayor Paul Schell with the concurrence of the City Council decided to cancel the Millennium Celebration, even though it had been planned for over 24 months. The ostensible reason was a potential terrorist attack, based on the December 14th arrest of an Algerian man, Ahmed Ressam, who was arrested in Port Angeles with enough explosives to blow up at least one major building. When Ressam was arrest boarding a ferry, investigators found that he had booked up a hotel room for one night near the Space Needle. While there was no "direct evidence" that Ressam was planning to blow up the Needle, this and recent events in Seattle led to the decision to end all events by 6pm on New…. [read more]

Domestic Terrorism America Is Home Essay

… They once destroyed a laboratory in Michigan University because the laboratory was used to create genetically modified organisms funded by Monsanto (Grubbs, 2010). In reality, Monsanto only donated a paltry 2000 USD to send 5 African students to a conference on biotechnology. In their wisdom they have maintained that whatever they did was justified.

The Army of God revels on religious pretexts to harm others. They use violence to discourage abortion and homosexual activities as exemplified in their attacks on gay night clubs and abortion clinics. One of its members, Eric Rudolph, planted a bomb at the 1996 Olympics venue in Atlanta, Georgia. Two people succumbed and whopping 150 others injured. He explained without remorse in 2005 his action was an indictment to the government…. [read more]

Global Terrorism Term Paper

… Terrorism

Global Terrorism Issues

Who: Mike McConnell, the Bush Administration's top intelligence official

What: Political Pressures on McConnell from the White House and Congress

Where: Washington, D.C.

When: August 2007

How: McConnell has been given the role of not only being the top person in charge of intelligence for the executive branch of government (the Bush Administration), but he has been given responsibility for negotiating with Congress for policies Bush wants in place.

Brief Analysis: McConnell, a retired admiral who took over the job of national intelligence in February, 2007, met with Democratic leaders from the House and Senate (in a conference call) to try to reach a compromise over the updated "eavesdropping" legislation ("Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act"), according to an article in the New…. [read more]

Terrorism Technological Innovation as a Weapon Thesis

… Terrorism Tech

Technological Innovation as a Weapon Against Terrorism

The United States is regarded as among the world's most vaunted leaders in technology development. Simultaneously, its military denotes one of the most formidable fighting forces in the world, both with respect to its capability to wage war and its capacity to provide defense to the homeland. These claims are inextricably linked, with the United States channeling its technological prowess into the development of greater weaponry, greater defense resources, more effective protective gear for military and defense personnel and a host of computer, communication and media devices that can have a significant impact on preserving the lives of Americans both at home and abroad. And yet, in the face of the threat of terror, many of…. [read more]

Terrorism and the Internet Modern Media Technologies Term Paper

… Terrorism and the Internet

Modern media technologies are revolutionizing the form of risk in the modern society. Internet has emerged as an important instrument for the massive distribution of news, hoaxes and rumors, as also portrayals of public anguish, in the aftermath of September 11, 2001. There is a real immediate need to comprehend the manner in which the dynamics of the modern media technologies are transforming the means by which we apprehend these risks. (Anderson, 2003) Terrorism is the most urgent concern confronting the U.S. And its supporters across the world. This came to be shockingly visible on 9/11 and guarantees to be long-term danger needing a total determination on the part of the United States to destroy terrorist outfits in all areas where…. [read more]

Terrorism Seems to Have Taken Term Paper

… We will see what the proportion of violence is and what is the proportion of faith and religious values that Muslim["s" should be deleted"] societies consider in an attempt to create a different model of being.

From an occidental point-of-view, a new paradigm seems to have turned out in international relations. The new enemies are not a state, not a localized group as it was before, high mobility and advanced technology enable the enemy to be anywhere at any time and this requires new models of cooperation to combat terrorism.

Since the attack on the twin towers the occidental countries are in a crusade, because of the military response orchestrated by the U.S., chiefly the main sufferer of this action has been.the International world of…. [read more]

Influence of Terrorism in Yemen and Its Affect on U.S. Interests Research Paper

… ¶ … terrorism in Yemen and it's affect on U.S. Interests

The influence of terrorism in Yemen and it's effect on U.S. Interests

The Republic of Yemen is believed to be an essential element in the international fight against terrorism, given that the Al Qaeda faction has members on the country's territory. Authorities in Yemen became concerned regarding terrorism particularly after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the U.S. From then on, the Yemenite system focused on collaborating with the U.S. In removing terrorism from the country. Even with the fact that numerous terrorists were either captured or killed as a result of this relationship, there still are a large number of terrorists in the country. In spite of the success experienced by the Yemenite war…. [read more]

Terrorism, Destabilization, and the Modern Global Environment Research Paper

… There is also increased fears of the use of nuclear and biological weapons through which terrorists can launch violent attacks (The diplomacy of counterterrorism, 2002, USIP:4).


In response to many of these problems, the drive has been towards consolidation -- consolidating domestic efforts within the United States to enhance information-sharing between law enforcement agencies and also to improve efforts between states to engage in mutually beneficial monitoring of the geopolitical situation to reduce terrorism. Certain aspects of the new, globalized world will be difficult to contain, however, including the diffusion of communication as well as enhanced capabilities to launder money for illicit, terrorist purposes. There are no quick fixes for addressing the problem of terrorism given the growing pervasiveness and diffusion of the problem:…. [read more]

Terrorism and Policy Thesis

… Terrorism and Policy: An Examination of the Federal Policy Changes Since 9/11

The objective of this work is to summarize the federal policy changes that resulted from the tragic events of September 1, 2001. This work will examine Homeland Security National Strategy and the U.S.A. PATRIOT Act in conducting an analysis of contemporary crime control policies.


The National Strategy for Homeland Security, published by the Office of Homeland Security in July 2002 states as Homeland Security 'strategic objectives' the following: (1) prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; (2) Reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism; and (3) Minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur. It is related in this same publication that six major initiatives which have been identified…. [read more]

Technology Changed Security and Terrorism? Term Paper

… It would also help in preventing identity theft which is possible under the current system of personal identification using traditional passports that can be easily forged by terrorists. Having a biometric database would also enable quick identification of terrorists and other people with a criminal history. [John Woodward, pg 3]

Terahertz Imaging

Terahertz imaging is the latest in imaging technologies that would help significantly in screening humans for hidden weapons. One of the advantages of Terahertz radiation is that it can penetrate most non-metallic medium. As John Federici, the scientist behind the technology says, "I see the Terahertz spectrum as one of the critical technologies for defense against suicide bombers and other terrorist activities,"[NJIT] Also by using a 'spectral fingerprint', the terahertz scanner can easily…. [read more]

American Terrorism for Many People Research Paper

… American Terrorism

For many people, terrorism was first brought to their attention after the events surrounding September 11th. As they were quickly made aware of the underlying threats that these groups can be. However, the last several years have seen a shift in tactics. As many organizations are focused on conducting domestic terrorism. This has caused the number of incidents to increase dramatically. In this research project, we examine the impact that domestic terrorism is having on the nation. As we are looking at how the overall threat has become so severe, that there needs to be a change in this strategy. This will improve the reader's understanding of the threat, through knowing the way this kind of terrorism is: increasing the risks and how…. [read more]

Causes of Domestic Terrorism Advocates Research Paper

… In a study (Jack & Hoffman, 1992) to analyze how agencies below the federal level identify threats of terrorism and use anti and counter-terrorism programs as a tool, three jurisdictions were surveyed. State law enforcement agencies, organizations with emergency preparedness responsibilities and statewide authority, and local law enforcement agencies; municipal police and sheriff departments.

The survey consisted of questions pertaining to contingency plans, guide books, special terrorism training, level of communication among the different agencies, and the existence of special terrorism units within the agencies. The survey questioned the threat assessment, whether the agencies had identified right-wing, left-wing, international, or special-issue terrorist groups within their jurisdiction and how many incidents were attributed to each individual or group.

Each selected agency received three mailings to include…. [read more]

Somalia and Global Terrorism Research Proposal

… Somalia and Global Terrorism

This will be able to give us a critical examination of state letdown and the associated

Issues of terrorism and piracy that have been plaguing the country of Somalia for nearly two decades. Keeping the focus mainly on the events that happened inside of the nation following the exiling of the Union of Islamic Courts government which occurred in 2007, three research questions are searched in the investigation 1.) What were all the issues that brought everything letdown of the state in Somalia 2.) What actions directed to the increase of piracy and also terrorism in the nation of Somalia 3.) What international exertions attached at worldwide and local levels could aid in restoring peace in Somalia, and what can be…. [read more]

State Sponsored Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … Sponsored Terrorism

State Sponsored Terrorism

What is terrorism and what is state-sponsored terrorism?

Terrorism: "The systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion" - Merriam-Webster Dictionary.

Notwithstanding that simple definition by Merriam-Webster, there is an inherent difficulty in defining the concept of terrorism, writes Martha Crenshaw in the journal Political Psychology (Crenshaw, 2000). The problem in searching for an appropriate definition, Crenshaw explains, is that in attempting to adequately discuss terrorism, one must take into account the so-called new terrorism, which emerged during the last few years of the 20th Century. Also, there are so many conflicting psychological studies into the various personalities that any attempt at a final definition tends to get muddled and watered down. There are a wide…. [read more]

International Terrorism on Domestic Research Paper

… Since U.S. has been in the fore front in the war against Terror, this has formed the ground used by the jihad front in campaigning against American hegemony among the Muslims who are in America. Al Awlaki and bin Laden videos in addition to their several number of escapes from the U.S. forces has greatly bestowed them a cult status and greater number of their fan following. This mass appeal will always be a challenge to the United State in trying to curb this following. The agencies in U.S. who have the duty of countering terrorism have concentrated in dealing with radical Islamists who are closer to home, though the steps that they are using in countering this threat tend to be vague and far…. [read more]

Global War on Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … History of Terrorism

Historical depictions of warfare often lead one to think that war, especially as conducted on European soil, was an event of rules and engagement and strategy. Conducting war has been described as an "art." Famous men throughout history have become famous because they were perceived to be great strategists; Napoleon Bonaparte, William the Conqueror, Alexander the Great, and Dwight D. Eisenhower, to name a few.

The image of war that came to the minds of many people was that of two forces standing on opposing hills, so to speak, facing off and, then, when the great leader gives the signal, engaging in battle. As warfare progressed into modern history, there were rules of engagement and rules governing the treatment of…. [read more]

Countering the New Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … counter the new terrorism threat (post 9/11) and whether these strategies have been successful. It will also look at many possible long-term strategies to counter the new terrorism. Terrorism is a growing threat to world safety and security. Countering this new terrorism menace is something all nations must work on together and in harmony, otherwise the threat of terrorism will only grow more menacing and unpredictable. Many measures have already been enacted, and more need to be developed to keep the country and the world safer and more secure.

Even before the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on New York and Washington, experts were calling world terrorist threats the "new terrorism."

Authors and experts have found attacks such as the chemical attack…. [read more]

Airline Terrorism as the Name Term Paper

… October 2001 saw the first military action initiated by the U.S. under this policy, when Afghanistan was invaded. Prior to the invasion, the Taliban had refused to hand over bin Laden without being shown evidence of his connection to the attacks. While the primary objective of capturing bin Laden failed, the invasion did succeed in uprooting the Taliban from power, enabling the implementation of a government somewhat more cooperative and supportive in the search for bin Laden and the general "War on Terror."

Air India Flight 182 was a Boeing 747 that exploded on June 23, 1985 while at an altitude of 31,000 feet above the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland. All 329 on board were killed, of whom 82 were children, and 280 were…. [read more]

Homeland Security Effects of Terrorism Term Paper

… Homeland Security

Effects of Terrorism on Homeland Security and Local Law Enforcement

The Homeland Security Program is supposed to work hand-in-hand with local law enforcement officials to instill national security and protection from the acts of terrorists. If one looks for a broad definition of Homeland Security, this definition would include air, land, and sea defense of the United States, countering the effect of attacks by weapons of mass destruction on U.S. soil (called "consequence management"), adding military support to local civilian authority, missile defense on the national level, worldwide web network defense, operations of counter-terrorism, operations to counter drugs, and border security by immigration control. In many of these areas law enforcement has worked with the federal agencies during the history of the United…. [read more]

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