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Fidel Castro Was a Communist Term Paper

… Still further, when the Soviet Union's policies diverged from the Castro beliefs for internationalist behavior, he did not hesitate to criticize them. Castro was willing to stake even the relationship with the U.S.S.R. On his belief in developing Cuba (Robbins, 44).

It is obvious that Castro was, at least in the beginning of his revolution in 1959, only playing to political game to the extent that would continue support from Russia. His policies were not communist in nature, and his opinions, never quieted, were outwardly against many of the communist and socialist ideas of the Soviet Union, his primary support. Had Castro been a communist by this time, his opinions would have been far more on the side of the U.S.S.R.

It was only directly…. [read more]


United States and Fidel Castro Term Paper

… Anti-communism had become quite a crucial factor in the success of every administration during the Cold War. J.F. Kennedy was no different in his patriotic hatred for the communist threat. It was at this point, 1961, that Cuba became a major player in the Cold War. Castro derived much of his power from his image as a revolutionary. Kennedy opted to perceive him as a low-bound communist lackey.

To abide the anti-communist sentiment, and to compensate for his personal apprehension over an incursion of socialism in his hemisphere, Kennedy determined himself for an attack meant to topple Castro. After a long period of planning and denying, the Kennedy administration scrapped almost a year of strategizing in favor of a makeshift nighttime landing in Bay of…. [read more]


Cuba's Future After Fidel Castro Term Paper

… 6). Even so, it is likely that "Castro's disappearance could touch off an internal power struggle. No totalitarian regime has been able to devise a smooth system of transition" (Suchlicki, par. 7). Still the regime's strength remains in Castro's military organization despite "opposition and unhappiness [..] growing in Cuba, the dissident groups are weak" (Suchlicki, par. 12). It remains clear even if Castro were to die today, his brother Raul Castro would take immediate control and succeed Fidel as dictator. However he would face many challenges (Suchlicki, par. 14). He lacks the leadership skills and charisma of Fidel. He, too, is also in poor health. A dependence upon the military organization needs to remain in order for Raul to be successful.

Another transitional change that…. [read more]


Sebrina Whitener "Fidel: A Critical Term Paper

… The book details both the good points of Castro and the bad. It is recognized that he was an inspiring leader. While his motives and the result may be questionable, there is no doubt that his ability as a leader is to be admired. It is also recognized that his intentions were good, with his intentions described as improving human, social and economic development in Cuba. He was at least partially successful at achieving this with Szulc describing his reform of health care and education as successes. This kind of reform is something any nation can only dream of achieving. There is a lot for any nation to learn here about the process of improving society.

While we may question Castro's intentions we come to…. [read more]


Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]


Revolution of 1958 Inevitable? Cuba Term Paper

… They knew who their enemy was and were ready to fight against him and win. It didn't matter who they were: peasants, workers and businessmen were ready to fight together. So the main participants of the future Revolution were: proletarians, peasants, students and small businessmen.

The whole nation hated own government and, sure, some people united in different parties and organizations to fight for their rights. The most popular political movement was the Orthodoxies. Many young men considered this movement as the only chance to win and change something in their homeland. There was one great person among them -- lawyer Fidel Castro. Orthodoxies considered Communist their allies. For example when government was going to send Cuban troops to fight against Korea as United States…. [read more]


Guevara Perceptions of Che Guevera Essay

… Another place where Guevara and China shared ideals was in their position over the Cold War. Incidentally, China and the Soviet Union had adopted different stances on the issue of the Cold War. Being an ally of the Soviet Union, Castro wanted to Cuba to side with the Soviet Union. However, the speeches and writings of Guevara during that period reflected the ideas being voiced by the Chinese leader Mao at the time, causing great embarrassment to Castro back home. This shows that Guevara was friendlier towards China because of his anti-American and anti-Soviet stance, which was well supported by China but was unpopular within the more pragmatic circles back home (Anderson 2010, 155).

It is likely that Guevara wanted to prove his ability at…. [read more]


Cuba High Successful Education in a Communist Research Paper

… Cuba High

Successful Education in a Communist Regime: A Comparison of Cuban and United States' High Schools

Few issues are more important when it comes to individual and national success in the modern era than education. It is in the fields of science and technology that new wealth and opportunities are being created in the developed world, and there is no competitiveness without an adequate knowledge in these areas. Many individuals can succeed outside these specific areas, of course, but if whole societies and nations are to prosper then they must ensure the quality of their educational programs so that successive generations have the wherewithal to sustain growth and economic progress. In order to be truly effective and efficient, this education cannot be counted on…. [read more]


American History Mccarthyism Term Paper

… The SDI program was criticized because of its tendency to further escalate rather than prevent and stop the armaments race. The SDI program concerns the formulation and production of a "layered defense" that will help the U.S. detect and counter possible nuclear or weapons attacks, which required the formulation of a computerized system of weapons detection and manufacturing of similar weapons in defense of the U.S. when under attack.

Iran-Contra Scandal

The Iran-Contra Scandal concerns the allegations that the Reagan Administration have participated in the selling of weapons (arms) to Iran in exchange for the freedom of Americans held hostage by pro-Iranian Shiite Muslims in Lebanon. The money received by the U.S. government from Iran was then allegedly used as funding for the contra rebels…. [read more]


Bay of Pigs Essay

… The failed invasion not only made things worse for the Kennedy government but also brought a number of long-term consequences with it. Unfortunately, the long-term consequences turned out to be far more detrimental and hazardous to the security and foreign relations of the United States of America. Firstly, the exiles from Cuba who were trained by American CIA to attack the Bay of Pigs and survived in the end were left by America in an aggressive environment. In addition and as luck would have it, the possibilities that the United States of America anticipated to stay away from in a victorious deposition of Castro were converted into terrifying actualities. Soon after the assault, Castro fully dedicated himself to the ideology of Communism and it made…. [read more]


Cuba and Eisenhower Term Paper

… ¶ … Eisenhower Administration & Cuba

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE EISENHOWER ADMINISTRATION & CUBA

The objective of this work is to research the political developments in Cuba during the Eisenhower administration relating to how the Eisenhower administration viewed and reacted to political developments in Cuba during the presidency of Dwight Eisenhower.

There are those who state that the Eisenhower Administration was "businesslike" and that was comprised of a cabinet filled with successful corporate executives. Eisenhower's form of leadership was one that delegated responsibility, appearing as though he was not making key decisions and working only behind the scenes. The Domestic Policy of Eisenhower one a middle of the road policy balancing the freedom of the individual with the needs demanded in consideration of the whole…. [read more]


Cuban Missile Crisis Term Paper

… The Soviets propose a force of 24 medium-range ballistic missiles and 16 intermediate-range launchers, each equipped with two missiles and a single nuclear warhead. In addition, the Soviets send four elite regiments, twenty-four advanced SA-2 surface-to-air missile batteries, 42 MiG-21 interceptors, 42 IL-28 bombers, 12 Komar-class missile boats and coastal defense cruise missiles. Castro agrees in July 1962. The formal agreement is renewable every five years and the missiles and maintenance is left to the Soviets. In mid-July 1962 Soviet cargo ships begin moving out of the Black Sea for Cuba and are spotted by American aerial reconnaissance. Meanwhile 11 CIA terrorist teams infiltrate Cuba.

Up until now, the United States is hopeful that the Castro regime will crumble from within. However, intelligence suggests otherwise.…. [read more]


Policy Should the United States Term Paper

… Such was the state of affairs in much of Eastern Europe not much more than a decade ago. The Czech Republic is a shining example of a country whose rich culture, and ebullient lifestyle were kept under wraps by a communist government. No sooner had the strictures of the old Soviet Era been lifted, than the old Czech nature reemerged. Prague again became the "Paris of the East." The theory then is, that by keeping up the pressure on Castro's Cuba, the Cuban people will eventually feel just as deprived as the Czechs, and like the Czechs, they will eventually rebel.

It is just this dogged aversion to any substantive change in the embargo that Americans believe will bring about the democratization of Cuba, and…. [read more]


Kennedy and Flexible Response Research Paper

… Kennedy and Flexible Response

So many of the issues that plagued the U.S. during our JFK period case study exist now to this day, in fact even more so now. While the negative fallout from Vietnam brought about a curtailment of federal infringements upon civilian constitutional rights and foreign adventures, this has not been the case in the wake of post 9/11 incarnations such as the PATRIOT Act and a general loss in democratic liberties since the Al-Qaeda. Despite reversals in Iraq and Afghanistan, much less fervor and interest have manifested themselves in issues of empire and damage to the constitution. Certainly, to understand such issues, one must know how the government processes of the national security state evolved and remained in the background (despite…. [read more]


Communism in Cuba Case Study

… A repressive regime; there are many of the political leaders who are dissidents undergoing imprisonment for approximately twenty years. About four hundred political leaders currently are going through this unjustified imprisonment. There are also various restrictions that the Cuban people face, this include lack of freedoms of speech, movement and assembly. It is also worth noting that the gay in the population undergo severe harassment (Human Rights Watch, 2012).

Poor health care; the hospitals for the ordinary citizens in Cuba have a great deficiency with even the basic medicine and equipments lacking in these hospitals. The dispensaries there lack antibiotics heart drugs, sphygmomanometers that are used to measure blood pressure. They also lack sterile gloves, syringes and even clean water and other basic implements that…. [read more]


Marxism and National Socialism Lenin Essay

… All of this development work would be under the control of provincial Communist Party committees, of course, rather than the peasants themselves. At the time of Mao's death in 1975, his revolution was widely considered a failure, given the tens of millions of deaths that had occurred and the utter chaos caused by the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution.

In the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, Mao also required intellectuals and professionals to move to the countryside to engage in manual labor alongside the peasants. Like Stalin, his distrust of Party bureaucrats and experts was always profound, and at one point he even threatened to lead a guerilla war against them. Indeed, he carried out this threat during the Cultural Revolution, which…. [read more]


Ernesto Che Guevara Essay

… He will always be remembered by people as the man who overthrew the past government of Cuba and instilled communism into the lives of the people there (Coltman and Sweig, 2003).

However, people didn't admire their leader as much when he attained the power and shocked people by this ruthlessness. After taking over Havana, people noticed a change in Che's behavior over the period of next three months. People began to consider him to be an abuse of his new found might. During this time, Che supervised numerous trials and hearings which sent 500 people to firing squads. In the Sierra Maestra, people deem Che as the leader who would abruptly as for execution for guerrillas and local peasants who weren't up to his criteria.…. [read more]


Media the Issue Itself Term Paper

… Media

The issue itself and why it caused controversy

According to Hudson (n.d.) of the First Amendment Center, the United States Supreme Court recognizes that the First Amendment right to free speech includes non-verbal self-expression. This includes symbolic speech: actions that express opinions. Often symbolic speech is highly controversial. This was the case when superstars Beyonce and Jay-Z celebrated their fifth wedding anniversary in Cuba, a country that Americans are officially banned from visiting as tourists. The visit to Cuba has raised a storm of political opinion and controversy, especially among the Cuban-American community. In the aftermath of the visit, some pundits claim that the policy banning Americans from visiting Cuba is "broken," and that "the whole instance shines the spotlight on one of the…. [read more]


Nuclear Weaponry Nuclear Weapons Research Paper

… In that respect, the most popular front of war -- particularly during the Cold War -- was drastically altered and came to include a political chess game in which countries would feint at one another and prepare to engage in battle (the likes of which could conceivably destroy the planet) and actually do nothing but disarm and mount similar latent "offensives" by seeking other such targets.

The effects of nuclear weapons, as demonstrated by the political objectives of varying nation states and by the particular enemies and opponents who face one another, are still being felt today. One of the principle reasons that the United States attempted to overthrow Saddam Hussein and his progenies power in Iraq was because the nation was believed to be…. [read more]


Cuban Missile Crisis Term Paper

… One of the ways in which he combated the Cold War was in keeping contact with Premier Khrushchev.[footnoteRef:5] The two men wrote one another which served to explain perceptions and political differences, and also allowed each leader to witness his opposition as a human being. This, Kennedy felt, was the key to avoiding war with the Soviet Union; to impart the message that human life was of paramount importance. After the Cuban Missile Crisis, there was no place for interactions between nations to go but to reach an eventual treaty and end of aggressions. Thankfully, cooler heads prevailed and neither President Kennedy nor Premier Khrushchev took action which would turn the Cold War into a hot one. Eventually, Khrushchev and Kennedy reached an agreement wherein…. [read more]


Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 Term Paper

… The Soviet Point-of-View

The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 was the first time that the world was in danger of full-scale nuclear war. When the Soviet Union placed nuclear missiles in Cuba, the U.S. viewed this as an act of hostility that could not be tolerated.

However, many critics say that the Soviets were simply reacting the Bay of Pigs invasion, in which Kennedy used Cubans against Castro without providing the American military support they needed. Americans saw this as a great embarrassment. But to the U.S.S.R., it was viewed as an American-sponsored military offensive against Cuba, which was a communist country and Soviet ally.

The U.S., through the Bay of Pigs, had challenged both the Soviet Union and Cuban governments (Roskin). In addition to…. [read more]


Cuban Exodus of the 1960s Research Paper

… " The economic potency of Miami Cubans and their political clout at the local and national levels received considerable attention. (McHugh et al., The Magnetism of Miami, 1997)

So much of the cultural and the vivacious energy of Miami comes from the Cuban culture and the sharing of the Cuban culture. Florida would be different, as would America. There are many Cubans that have influenced American culture such as Cameron Diaz, Eva Mendes, Gloria Estefan, and more. Whether people side with the revolutionaries or decided to leave for America, all Cubans and humans can agree that the consequences for political strife and military conflict have many after effects. The Cuban Exodus of the 1960s is an effect of the tensions in Cuba that have affected…. [read more]


Scarface Latin American Culture Term Paper

… Scarface- Latin American Culture

Scarface (1932) film is an American gangster movie, written by Ben Hecht, directed by Richard Rosson and Howard Hawks, and produced by Howard Hughes. The film is founded on the 1929 novel written by Armitage Trail (White 30). The film stars Paul Muni as Antonio, Tony' Camonte. Brian de Palma remakes the film in 1983 in different setting in the Latin American and Miami drug cartel, with Al Pacino, Tony Montana, as the star (Myers 335). The Al Pacino Scarface film retells the story of an immigrant into the United States who attain wealth and power because of his indulgency in drug trafficking.

Al Pacino, acting as Montana, is a Cuban refugee who traffics drug from Colombia to Miami in the…. [read more]


Illegal Immigration Cost Research Paper

… The GAO found that the number was, on average, 8 times. They also said that "Approximately fifteen percent of these crimes were "property-related offenses," including "burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and property damage." Twelve percent of these crimes were "violent offenses such as murder, robbery, assault, and sex-related crimes" (Blair, 2011). This is from a sample of over 55,000 illegal immigrants who have at some time been through the American justice system. The alarming part seems to be that although these people were caught eight times on average, they were not even once referred to immigration services to be returned to their own country. Of course, this may seem like a waste of time since they are very likely to return very quickly.

Today the…. [read more]


Growth of Tourism Capitalism Essay

… These are just some of the examples of how tourism is producing spectacular results for emerging economies around the world.

Within many countries, indigenous populations are also seeing how tourism growth can provide them with the benefits of capitalism. Indigenous peoples have been the primary recipients of poverty because they often live in areas that have not been attractive to industry or tourism in the past (Bunten, 2010). However, this is changing with the advent of ecotourism and adventure trips. One important quality of this type of tourism also is that it usually tries to maintain a harmony with nature, and tries to leave as small a "footprint" as possible on the land (Bunten, 2010). The author of the article did not try to say…. [read more]


Space History and the Reason to Maintain a Space Program Research Paper

… ¶ … Maintain a Space Program

History of the Space Program

It all started in the early 60s when a former Massachusetts senator John F Kennedy ran for presidency flanked by Lyndon B. Johnson as a running mate. Kennedy's campaign strategy was hinged on his vicious attacks on the sitting president for failing Americans by sitting and watching as the country slid into socio economic abyss, locally and internationally. In particular, Fredrick Kennedy accused Eisenhower of staying lukewarm on the missile gap problem; a perceived lag by the U.S. to keep at par with their Russian counterparts in developing long-range missiles with robust destructive capacities. The latter accusation was later found to be false. He was vehemently opposed to the earlier ambitions by the communists…. [read more]


USA Hegemony Term Paper

… S. kept Haiti economically and politically isolated for decades and refused any diplomatic recognition until after the Civil War. In more recent history, Jean Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest and advocate of liberation theology, was overthrown twice in military coups in 1991 and again in 2004, which had all the classic hallmarks of CIA-style covert operations. Not surprisingly, Haiti remains one of the poorest countries in the world, dominated by a corrupt and repressive oligarchy that the U.S. has helped to install and maintain over many decades.

Michael Doyle counters Rosato in asserting that Kant's Perpetual Peace between democracies is real, as is their tendency to be war-prone with authoritarian or non-liberal states. Not all groups within democracies are liberal or democratic, of course, but…. [read more]


US Intelligence Thesis

… Intelligence Community: A History of Reactionary Reform

The attacks on the United States on September 11th 2001 revealed a stunning set of shortcomings both in terms of the nations security and with respect to the reliability of its Intelligence Community. Indeed, it has been a popular refrain that the breaches which revealed such cataclysmic shortcomings in our national security system as occurred on 9/11 were accommodated by massive intelligence failings. In particular, this is an idea which the Bush Administration had expressed with its typical swagger, propagated the notion that the CIA and the FBI shared blame for declining to act on intelligence regarding a possible terrorist activity surge. Even further, it was determined by the White House that it was the very structure of…. [read more]


Cuban Five -- Criminals Research Paper

… These are capitalists who are interests in their own fortunes and want nothing good for the country. Their support by the American government and the fact that they have been allotted American rights are considered as negative by the Castro government.

This differing stand-point is further propounded by the trial where the Cuban Five clearly stated their intention of spying on e-Cubans, despite which they were charged with such crimes. This trial has led to the popularity of the Cuban Five in the region who are seen as political martyrs and sacrifices for the betterment of the Cuban people.

Additionally a trade embargo has always existed between the two countries, which might not have hampered the U.S.A. much as it is one of the largest…. [read more]


Past Present and Future of Eurasian Organized Crime in the United States Term Paper

… ¶ … Future of Eurasian Organized Crime in the United States

As the world's economic and information infrastructure becomes globalized, a new organized elite criminal group is being shaped. Organized crime groups are not disappearing but instead are adapting and shifting in order to make necessary adjustments as the economic and regional transformations of the globe develop. It has been predicted by law enforcement "...illegal schemes will become increasingly far-reaching - both geographically and otherwise - and that criminals, more of whom seem to enjoy some measure of government protection, will become better able to cover their tracks with a bewildering array of shell companies and legal entitles established as front companies for transnational criminal activities." (Kupchinsky, 2005) According to Kupchinsky, "Russian organized crime gangs…. [read more]

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