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Final Response Drug Culture Essay

… Drug Culture Final

The second half of this course has both reinforced my previous definitions of drug culture in film and has also introduced me into the different aspects thereof. Additionally, the films that were watched during the second half of the course complement the films that were watched during the first half of the course, and in some ways, parallel the narratives and structures thereof. For instance, Drugstore Cowboy provides insight into the depravity of drug addiction and explains what motivates an individual to resort to deviant behaviors, such as breaking and entering and theft to procure prescription pills to maintain his or her drug habit and remain high. Drugstore Cowboy reinforced the concepts of addiction as were seen in the Lost Weekend, however,…. [read more]

Addiction Research Paper

… It was quickly adopted for recreational purposes and it became to be widely abused. Within time due to some highly publicized acute reactions and fatal overdoses, stiff restrictions were placed on its use and it was ultimately removed from the market.

Two other drugs, Ecstasy and Crack Cocaine, appeared on the horizon following the demise of Quaaludes. The danger of Ecstasy was made apparent within a few short months after its introduction and it was quickly made illegal. Crack, however, proved to be far more problematic. Crack, because of its relatively low cost and ease of use, rapidly became extremely popular. Its introduction ushered in an entire new era of drug enforcement efforts that viewed crack cocaine usage as a new epidemic.

Obviously, if drug…. [read more]

Gore Vidal -- Drugs in a Piece Essay

… Gore Vidal -- Drugs

In a piece in the New York Times in 1970 Gore Vidal, famous political provocateur, declared in no uncertain terms that, to stop drug addition in the United States, the government should "simply make all drugs available and sell them at cost." Vidal makes no distinction between drugs here -- marijuana, cocaine and heroin are all up for grabs in his free market drug economy. After all, he has tried "almost every drug and liked none," without becoming an addict; why shouldn't the rest of us have the same opportunity? Making all drugs legal, he argues, will "stop most drug addiction…within a very short time." Vidal also makes searing accusations against the government; not only that the war on drugs is…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Intervention for Homeless Youth Research Paper

… Substance Abuse and Homeless Youth

The focus of this research paper is to discuss the connection between homelessness in youth populations and substance abuse. "Homeless young adults are defined as individuals between 12 and 24 years of age who are without stable housing and who identify with the culture and economy of living on the street [1, 7-9]. Identification with street culture includes engaging in accepted practices for earning money (such as panhandling), adopting unique slang language and developing strategies to prevent victimization" (Gomez et al., 2010). Thus, with homeless youths, the homelessness is not a temporary flirtation with time away from home, but a complete and thorough transition to life on the streets. This distinction is important to make, as this paper is will…. [read more]

Nation Is One With Finite Resources Research Paper

… ¶ … nation is one with finite resources. In the midst of our current economic recession, every tax dollar spent counts. This leads one to wonder why so much money is spent incarcerating low-level and nonviolent drug offenders, who essentially need medical treatment above criminal punitive punishment. In today's judicial system, drug offenders are treated like criminals, and not the addicts and medical patients that they are. Our nation is dead bent on a war with drugs, physically forcing these addicts out of their addiction. However, "Getting tough on drugs may be good politics but inefficient public policy," (Kim et al. 1993:174). Typical solutions tend to gravitate towards either harsh criminal punishments or an increase in drug awareness education, both have their own successes and…. [read more]

Relationship Between Different Personality Types and Addiction to Drugs and Alcohol Term Paper

… Personality Type as a Predictor of Addictions

Evidence linking substance abuse, either alcohol or other substances, to an increased incidence of personality disorders. This study expands on previous studies and explores the link between happiness and depression stemming from a number of personality disorders. The hypothesis postulates that a link correlation will be found between a higher incidence of depression as a result of personality disorder and alcoholism. Those that experience happiness as a result of their personality disorder are expected to be less likely to become involved in substance abuse. The study will use MCMI to assess the presence of personality disorder and happiness or depression in the participant. It will take place at a local residential substance abuse treatment program.


The ability…. [read more]

Intervening With Juvenile Drug Crimes Term Paper

… Arrests among juveniles for aggravated assault rose 67% between 1988 and 1992. Arrests for aggravated assault for children under 15 years of age climbed by 80%.

Between 1988 and 1992, the number of children under the age of 15 arrested for committing forcible rape increased over 49%.

There are many reasons for concern when it comes to literacy rates in the United States. The Los Angeles Times recently reported that approximately 60% of local children were in danger of failing their third-grade reading proficiency test (Tallal, 2000).

Millions of American students are not learning disabled yet they enter school with poor English skills. As a result, they do not learn to read and end up in special education classes, which have lowered expectations and poor…. [read more]

Domestic Abuse the Human Services Essay

… The human heart has the capacity to care and give itself for one another. This is the ultimate strength for any determined human service professional or social worker. It must be kept in the forefront at all times. Following one's desire to help human beings eliminate unnecessary suffering and should never be taken lightly or dismissed. Additional strengths include the organizational capabilities of the human services network and the funding that can accompany such high-profile work.


Disadvantageous to domestic abuse victims is the stigma that's attached to such behavior. Certain causes of domestic abuse such as stress economic hardship, depression, desperation, jealousy and anger all are human emotions that can never be totally eliminated within anyone's psyche. The constant struggle to overcome emotion and…. [read more]

Ethics of Legalizing Marijuana Essay

… For example standards of justification, moral principles or truth are sometimes said to be relative to language, culture, or biological makeup (Swoyer, 2010)."

This definition readily applies to the question as to whether or not marijuana should be legalized, principally because of the tenuous nature of the topic itself, which is largely colored through the opinion of the individual subject who is considering it. Quite simply, relativism can easily be used to justify both legalization as well as prohibitionist viewpoints of the legality of this drug, simply by concocting circumstances in which either of those stances are "true" for the subjects portrayed in them. On the one hand, it would be completely plausible for relativism to endorse the notion that marijuana should remain prohibited due…. [read more]

Health Advocacy Campaign Essay

… Leg one is the formal lobbying effort which is provided by the independent paid individuals. Leg two is known as the grassroots leg while, leg three is the political leg, this is the one that continuously tries to have an influence on the outcome of the elections.

Leg One: Professional Lobbyists

Lobbying is basically the act through which you persuade a government entity to achieve some specific outcome or legislative. There is no bill that can be made into a law without the input from a lobbyist. Although anyone can become a lobby but most of the time the lobbyist are associated with particular parties or groups. The lobbyists are looked at by the lawmakers as the experts of various issues and are usually contacted…. [read more]

Albert Hofmann Thesis

… Albert Hofmann and the Discovery of LSD

The association between psychedelic drugs and counterculture or youth movements is the driving force in the public perception of substances such as salvia, peyote, psilocybe 'magic' mushrooms and Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). The manner in which its usage is frequently depicted correlates its hallucinogenic properties to recreational abuse, ingestion during music festivals, the promotion of irrational or dangerous behavior, the persistence of negative neurological conditions and the association with the abuse of other recreational drugs. It is also understood in a limited context that such hallucinogenic substances relate to the spiritual practices and ritual traditions of a wide array of tribal or aboriginal cultures. However, a reflection on the life, work and philosophy of Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann…. [read more]

Theoretical Strips Tracy Case Study

… She complains to her mother about his presence in the bathroom. She clearly does not want him in the same house.

But the main point made by social systems theory in analyzing this aspect of Tracy's behavior is to emphasize that there is no single answer to how it should be understood: the family system in this case should be understood as unique, with its own set of intertangled relationships with recognizable patterns, but also as a part of a larger social system. Indeed, Hardwicke's film is careful to contextualize the drug abuse of the older characters, Melanie and Brady in particular, as part of the larger social system of the recovery movement more generally. Melanie inadvertently offends Tracy when she is distracted from listening…. [read more]

Philosophical Perspective Action: I Decided to Attend Essay

… Philosophical Perspective

Action: I decided to attend college, and obtain my undergraduate degree.

Risk: First, there is the opportunity cost of the income I could earn at a full-time job. I will be less financially stable when I am in college and potentially a greater burden on my parents if I emerge after four years, in debt, and unable to support myself.

Justification: Even if the economy is uncertain at present, in the long-term I am likely to get a better job if I attend college.

Defense or Foundational Knowledge: I want a job that is emotionally satisfying. Going to college and obtaining a degree is likely to get me a job that is better-paying and also more meaningful and intellectually challenging, than if I…. [read more]

Evaluating Program Outcomes and Impacts Research Proposal

… Costa Smoking Cessation

Smoking Cessation Intervention Amongst Costa Rican Adults

Tobacco use is one of the most deeply ingrained and consistently troubling public health concerns facing the world today. A substance with inextricable ties to commerce, culture and lifestyle, tobacco continues to invoke a set of mixed emotions amongst those engaged in the discourse over the hazards which it represents to health, environment and productivity. In this complex web of responses, there is present the opportunity to better understand a negative behavior pattern that has been so intricately woven into our collective instinct and to influence withdrawal from tobacco use or addiction by way of cassation programs. The fields of medicine and public health are mutually dependent upon one another but they tend to differ…. [read more]

Edwin Sutherland's Differential Association Theory Term Paper

… Edwin Sutherland's Differential Association Theory

The problem of drug trafficking in America today is indeed an enormous one, with severe repercussions and ramifications for the future of the entire country. When the retired General Barry McCaffrey, the Director of the White House's Office of drug Control Policy was on an official visit to Peru, Peru was in the midst of a long string of scandals that were having an adverse impact on the Peruvian administration. Facts and figures revealed that there had been discovered a shipment of about one hundred and seventy kilograms of the drug cocaine, on board the air force plane that Fujimori, the President of Peru normally used on his travels to and from his country. Soon afterwards, about forty-five kilograms of…. [read more]

Living With Illegals Essay

… Immigration -- the Challenge

Illegal immigration has economic, security and law and order implications. In a dynamic economy such as the United States it would be a shortsighted measure to focus on confronting illegal immigration as a purely economic defense as labor mobilization is a natural response to the capitalist labor market demands. However, as a national security policy and a law and order problem, illegal immigration should definitely be addressed effectively. A multifaceted approach involving enforcing stringent employment regulations and severe sanctions on failing employers, building a physical fence along the entire stretch of the border, and allocating more resources and patrolling force is suggested. Legalizing and regularizing the flow of immigrants according to the market demands is as important as any of these…. [read more]

School Culture on School Safety Term Paper

… According to the National School Safety Center (1995) creating safe schools is about commitment. That does not mean only commitment from the principal, or from the teachers, or from the students. Accomplishing such a goal requires families, schools, and community leaders to talk about the quality of the educational environment they want to provide for youth and together develop the strategies that will produce the desired results.

This type of cohesive commitment is the only real way that schools can be made safer, as one person cannot do it alone, and communities must express the desire to make schools safer and therefore give the students a better school life and more hope for the future. The Center also suggests that achieving these goals requires leaders…. [read more]

Policing Liquor Licensed Premises in Hong Kong Research Proposal

… Best Practices in Policing Alcohol and Licensed Premises

Today, Hong Kong enjoys a free market economy but it is highly dependent on the international trade, finance and tourism sectors for its revenues (Hong Kong 2009). The Mongkok Police District of Hong Kong is the subject of the dissertation (see map at Appendix ____ and District Boundaries as set forth in DC MKDIST'S Standing Order No. 1-01 at Appendix ____). There are currently more than 5,000 liquor licensed premises in Hong Kong, with 396 of them being situated in the Mongkok Police District. The number of bars/pubs, nightclubs and restaurants is 49, 33, and 314, respectively. In addition, Mongkok is an unofficial red-light district in Hong Kong; while the area is home to a number of…. [read more]

Drug Rehabilitation vs. Imprisonment for Non-Violent Drug Users Capstone Project


Why Rehabilitation Is Favored Over Imprisonment

When an offender is convicted of a non-violent drug offense the decision on whether to incarcerate the offender or rehabilitate the offender will often arise. Rehabilitation is the favored sanction for a non-violent offender and the benefits of rehabilitation outweigh the benefits of incarceration. While the combined cost of rehabilitation has been estimated to be higher than those of incarceration, an offender will be required to contribute to the cost. On the other hand, an offender who is incarcerated will not make any significant monetary contribution to the cost and as a result the cost will remain entirely the burden of the government and the taxpayers. Prison overcrowding has been a problem on the system for…. [read more]

Brand Loyalties in Alcoholic Beverage Markets Thesis

… Brand Loyalties in Alcoholic Beverage Markets

Brand Loyalty Analysis

The perception of alcoholic beverages depends, to a great degree, on the personal experiences with alcohol consumption. Had the observer witnessed a family tragedy created around alcohol consumption, then his perception would be a strongly negative one. If on the other hand, the individual consumer has not had a negative experience with liquors, then he might consume the beverages as a means of recreation. But there is also the third category -- the alcohol addicts, whose numbers are increasing at a global level and who lose their lives, and those of the others, for a drink or because of a drink.

In a context of the recognized disastrous impacts of excessive alcohol consumption over the life…. [read more]

Marketing Research Ethics in the Tobacco Industry Term Paper

… Marketing Research Ethics in the Tobacco Industry


Marketing Research Ethics: the Tobacco Industry in America

Marketing Research

Market research differs from marketing research ((Marketing Teacher 2010). Market research only presents data about a specific market. Marketing research begins with market research data but goes on to other aspects, including research into new products and appropriate modes of distribution. It is much broader. It connects the consumer, customer, and the public to the marketer through information. The marketer also uses this information to discover marketing opportunities and issues; evolve and polish marketing actions; monitor marketing outcomes; and better understand the marketing process. Marketing research comes up with the precise information that addresses issues and problems, develops data collection methods, oversees this…. [read more]

Marketing Analysis for the Olde Distillerie Term Paper

… Marketing Analysis for the Olde Distillerie

The spirits industry the world over has been faced with some tough challenges in recent years as more and more consumers make the switch to wine and beer. The Olde Distillerie has not been immune to these trends either. This company is a small independent Scotch whisky distillery based in Dumfrieshire, South-west Scotland. As a consequence of the stagnant/declining UK market, the company has decided to investigate the sales potential overseas. The purpose of this study is to provide the first stage (secondary data) of a comprehensive research program by identifying one market that can subsequently be explored in greater depth through primary research. The market environment for four potential countries is provided to this end (i.e., Eire the…. [read more]

Smoking a Social Problem in Canada Term Paper

… ¶ … incontrovertible evidence surfaced in the late 20th century that cigarette smoking is a direct agent of cancer and numerous other health problems, governments at the local, state and national level have attempted to curb cigarette smoking. They have attempted numerous efforts to curb smoking, many of which not only has placed financial, social and political strain upon cigarette manufacturers but also increased revenue streams for the government. The Canadian government in particular has reaped the benefit of taxation upon cigarettes and utilized such resources to produce anti-smoking literature in an attempt to teach the national populace on the dangers of smoking. Governments have focused on financial curbing of cigarette manufacturers not out of revenue potential motivations, but rather because of the extremely high…. [read more]

Consequences of the Human Condition Thesis

… In this regard, Smullens emphasies that, "When it comes to emotional abuse, the infection and subsequent scarring are on the inside. From external appearances it is impossible to assess with accuracy who may be a charismatic and gregarious father in public but a bullying, belittling force behind closed doors" (18).


There are high social costs associated with emotional abuse that ultimately translate into inordinately higher economic costs in the future. According to Bifulco, Moran, Baines, Bunn and Stafford (2002), children who experience emotional abuse are at higher risk of mental and physical illness as well as becoming caught up in the criminal justice system as adolescents and young adults, as well as perpetuating such behaviors in their own families as adults that have adverse…. [read more]

Hippie Revolution Over the Course Essay

… G18). The film was attacked on nearly every level, but nowhere more so than its particular narrative and stylistic choices, which upset some reviewers for either being too much or not enough. The Washington Post said that the film "has no sense of pace and its intentional formlessness is only a cover for a lack of imagination" (Rice, 1968, p. C12). The Post went on to say that "it is all flat and as prefabricated as the four young men in the spotlight," and it is this criticism that reveals the essential argument of Head (Rice, 1968, p. C12).

The Post's statement that Head is "as prefabricated as the four young men in the spotlight" actually identifies the film's central theme while failing to recognize…. [read more]

Direct to Consumer Advertising History Term Paper


The National Institute for Health Care Management, a nonprofit watchdog agency, estimated that expenditures in pharmaceutical advertising in the U.S. grew from an estimated $55 million in 1991 to $2.5 billion in 2001. While the numbers seem exponential, the Institute points out that the ads represented merely 16% of the entire budget for drug promotions in 2001. A historic perception perpetuated by the drug industry is that costs are driven by expenditures in research and development. This has been considered a valid argument, as advances in drug research are indeed beneficial to humanity. However, recent examination of the industry's expenditures indicates that marketing (34.4%), not R&D (13.7%), comprise the lion's share of the industry's operating expenditures.

Families USA is a nonprofit…. [read more]

Business Ethics Palmeri, Candrupp Essay

… The research of Trudell and Cotti (2012) investigates the relationships of ethical business practices as corporate social responsibility in terms of its impacts on business performance. The business performance of the organization is determined with respect to the number of items sold or revenues generated over a period of time in comparison with the pervious sales. The business targeting the consumers of high ethical standards tend to gain advantages for their corporations. The business deploying ethical business processes should take into account multiple factors influencing their consumers.

It is also required that the business takes a route of thorough investigation prior to take any investment decisions. The businesses seeking support of the ethical business practices such as usage of organic raw materials and adopting manufacturing…. [read more]

Psychological Concepts. In Some Questions Essay

… Hence it can be concluded that it is up to Beth use operant conditioning to not make any friends or to increase her number of friends.

Answer 5:

Retroactive Interference is when new information learned makes it difficult to recall information stored earlier. The public park picture was shown first to the participants and they stored whatever they could from the picture. Immediately after that, they were shown several other pictures thus, they had to store new information. This bombarding of new information into the storing system of the brain makes it difficult for the participants to recall what they saw first in the public park picture. The result was that most of them mistook the man to be the oppressor and not the woman.…. [read more]

Promoting Performance Culture in Organizations Enhancing Sustainable Organizational Productivity of SME's in Gambia Dissertation

… ¶ … independence less than half a century ago, the Gambia stands at a vital crossroads in its brief history as a nation today. On the one hand, the Gambia enjoys the natural beauty, friendly people, low cost of living and geographic proximity to Europe to make it a desirable tourist destination, particularly for those who are interested in so-called eco-tourism. On the other hand, though, the Gambia lacks many of the natural resources that have helped similarly situated countries become economically viable in an increasingly globalized marketplace. Indeed, a majority of the nation's citizenry is still heavily dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, and literacy rates in the Gambia remain dismally low. In this environment, identifying opportunities for promoting a performance culture in Gambian…. [read more]

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