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Financial Analysis of International Airlines Group Thesis

… Financial Analysis of International Airlines Group


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Confidentiality Restrictions

Today, the aviation industry is faced with skyrocketing energy costs, the lingering aftereffects of the Great Recession of 2008 and the looming threat of ongoing terrorist activities in many regions of the world. In this environment, identifying opportunities for air carriers to achieve a competitive advantage through improved administrative and operational practices represents a timely and valuable enterprise. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide a review of the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly and industry literature concerning these issues and to calculate and benchmark relevant financial analyses of International Airlines Group (IAG) compared to three of its competitors, Turkish Airlines, Finnair and Jet Airways. This analysis was used to provide a summary of…. [read more]

Strategic Analysis of Virgin Australia Essay

… In most cases, regional airlines experience slightly higher threat of substitute as compared to international carriers. The existence of several competitors in the industry has contributed to the high threat of substitutes as customers consider factors like convenience, money, time, and personal preferences for air travel.

Competitive Rivalry:

There is a high rate of competitive rivalry in the Australian airline industry since the industry in characterized by strong competition that has kept profits grounded ("Australian Airline Industry," 2011). This is accompanied by strong-price-based rivalry among competitors that have adopted price-cutting strategies in order to increase profitability.

Company Analysis of Virgin Australia Airline:

The main idea of Virgin Australia Airline is to identify itself as one of the leading Australian firms with lowest fares that provide…. [read more]

Airline Transportations on Economy Impacts Essay

… A part of this income will be saved and the rest will be spent, depending on propensity to consume (c) and propensity to save (s). The change in consumption ?C=c. Y creates new income for other market entities who consume a part of it and save the rest. The total multiplier effect in its simple version can be computed as ?. Y = ?Y / s, where ? is a multiplier. As a result of this induced impacts equal the sum of direct and indirect impacts multiplied by the multiplier: N = ?. (D + I), that is N = ?. (D + a.D).

Catalytic impacts (C) are a very wide and diverse group. They are defined as "net economic effects (e.g. On employment, incomes,…. [read more]

Cathay Pacific Airlines Vision Essay

… , 2007). This decreased level of competition ensures that the market of less traveled routes will be accepting towards Cathay Pacific and the quality it brings to the table as it will allow Cathay Pacific to expand its customer base and quickly develop its reign in the market niche where the overall quality of services is below par. Hence, the possibility of a merger that emerges here will be with the regional offices inclusive of the airline industries in the untraveled routes, the government offices and the local authorities.

7. Employee Compensation

Pay-for-performance Defined:

The word pay-for-performance is also its simplest definition i.e. The phenomenon basically revolves around the employees being paid compensation in direct proportion to the level of performance that they record. The…. [read more]

Major Airlines Going Green Research Paper

… ¶ … Airlines Going Green

Major Airlines are Going Green

The airline industry has been through many ups and downs. One of the latest concerns for airlines is the protection of the environment (Burleson & Maurice, 2006; Waitz, et al., 2004). Because so many of their patrons are interested in environmental protection today, and because more and more people are responding to companies that are interested in caring for the environment in various ways, airlines are finding more reasons to go green. Doing so is not without difficulty and compromise, of course, but that does not mean there are more cons than pros for a majority of airlines. Each airline must make its own individual decision as to whether going green would be cost effective…. [read more]

Finance Assessment of the Financial Term Paper

… 10






Table 11; Receivables Days



Financial Year Ending







Receivables turnover














Table 12; Total Asset Turnover



Financial Year Ending














Total assets














Table 13; Net Working Capital Turnover



Financial Year Ending














Net working capital







NWC turnover









Profitability is a primary measure of business performance,…. [read more]

International Regulatory and Representative Bodies Research Paper

… Airline Industry

Over the past decade the airline industry has experienced a great deal of turmoil as a result in decreases in the demand for flying. Over the past two years the condition of the airline industry has continued to deteriorate and as a result airline industry is now facing serious issues that will be difficult to overcome. The purpose of this discussion is to discuss the fundamental changes are necessary in the industry to prevent wide-scale disintegration of companies in the airline industry and destruction of shareholder value, loss of community air services and other catastrophic effects. The research will draw from information provided by the industry's international regulatory and representative bodies such as International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), International Air Transport Association IATA,…. [read more]

Hong Kong Financial Market Research Proposal

… ¶ … financial market of Hong Kong in the airline transportation arena. Our central question is whether or not this a good time for an airline based in Hong Kong to issue its IPO. While the Hong Kong and market has just went for a downturn, it is turning around have weathered nicely and is turning around.. Major Hong Kong airlines such as Cathay Pacific Airways have counted upon this pending recovery and went forward with their own IPO recently in order to expand its Executive Business Class Service. For this reason, we will list the reasons and the advantages for this option and the key points for a successful move to an IPO.

In general, the present is still a good time for the…. [read more]

Financial Analysis for Lufthansa Research Paper

… Financial Analysis for Lufthansa

Financial Analysis of Lufthansa

Company Information

Lufthansa was established in 1926, went through a process of corporate restructuring in 1954 and is currently headquartered in Cologne, Germany. It represents one of the largest airline organizations in Europe, offering flight services to a wide array of destinations. Lufthansa has generically differentiated itself through the offering of high quality products and services, striving to maximize customer utility and satisfaction. The fleet totals up to 500 aircrafts and the staff members worldwide come up to 105,261. Throughout the years, the organization has set the basis for numerous strategic partnerships, which supported its growth and development. Today, with the aid of its partners, the German airline offers flights to 408 destinations (Flight International, 2007).

2005…. [read more]

International Terrorism on Domestic Research Paper

… Since U.S. has been in the fore front in the war against Terror, this has formed the ground used by the jihad front in campaigning against American hegemony among the Muslims who are in America. Al Awlaki and bin Laden videos in addition to their several number of escapes from the U.S. forces has greatly bestowed them a cult status and greater number of their fan following. This mass appeal will always be a challenge to the United State in trying to curb this following. The agencies in U.S. who have the duty of countering terrorism have concentrated in dealing with radical Islamists who are closer to home, though the steps that they are using in countering this threat tend to be vague and far…. [read more]

International Marketing Management A) Overseas Marketing Globalization Essay

… International Marketing Management A) Overseas Marketing

Globalization has affected all features of every day life. It is present in the social, cultural, technological and even political sectors. Most common however, globalization is present in the economic and business sector. More and more companies are lured by the possibility to access more and cheaper resources within foreign countries and make profits at international scale. This is most likely the reason why numerous companies launch operational and sales operations abroad. However, when planning and organizing a sales force capability in an overseas market, the organization has to consider various factors and options which may easily influence its final outcome.

The most important specification to be made when entering an overseas market is that the organization has to…. [read more]

American Airlines/U.s. Airways Merger Issues Case Study

… This tendency has the possibility of increasing the volume of fares to the consumers thus ability to reduce the value and satisfaction of the needs and preferences due to increase in the cost of travelling.

Strategic Issues:

There are various strategic issues that might arise because of the integration of the American-U.S. Airways. One of the strategic issues in relation to the merger is the decrease in the level of competition. The proposed merger will have the ability to reduce competition for 1,665 flight choices thus affecting approximately 53 million passengers. The size of the new entity will be above the current operators in the market and industry thus the tendency of eliminating the trust of effective, free, and fair treatment and competition in relation…. [read more]

Southwest Airlines Case Analysis Article

… This is the strength of the company and something that the other carriers, with the exception of Jet Blue which was set up the same way as Southwest, have not been able to match.

Financial Analysis

Recently, Southwest Airlines has been in the red for the first time in company history. Even as other airlines were folding, Southwest was able to maintain a profit because of its no frills approach. However, the financial crisis finally produced the first non-profitable years Southwest had ever seen. Despite that, the company has tried to grow revenue by doing the opposite of what every other carrier does, namely no bag fees and even more low cost flights, which has increased the number of people per flight even while numbers…. [read more]

British Airways Is the Largest Essay

… 4% in cargo revenue, for a total revenue improvement of 2.6%, given that "other revenue" slipped for the year. The airline saw its £726 million profit in 2007-08 turn into a £358 million loss in 2008-09. The airline noted that higher fuel prices were a contributor to this, and indeed that appears to be the case. Whereas employee costs were almost the same, fuel and oil costs rose from £2.055 billion to £2.969 billion, an increase of 44.7%. The real value increase of £914 accounts for most of the swing between the two years in terms of profits. There were modest increases in most costs, and the company took an additional £101 million in currency charges.

On the balance sheet, total group assets declined by…. [read more]

American Airlines Brief Description Term Paper

… American Airlines

Brief description of the Airline History:

American Airlines -- AA till date is credited to have the twin distinction of being the world's largest scheduled passenger airline as also the biggest scheduled air freight carriers extending a broad range of freight and mail services across its systems. At the latest count, AA operates scheduled jet service to nearly 150 destinations in the entire N. America, the Caribbean, Latin America, Europe and Asia. ("AMR Corporation 2006 Annual Report," 2006) A table showing the top ten airline by traffic as on June 2007 is stated in Exhibit -I ("IATA Economic Briefing: World Air Transport Statistics 51st Edition June 2007.," 2007)

Looking back, April 15, 1926 was a momentous occasion in the history of American aviation.…. [read more]

Comprehensive Study of Offshore Financial Centers and Their Effects on Global Economy Dissertation

… ¶ … Offshore Financial Centres and Their Effects on Global Economy

The past 3 decades or so have witnessed the proliferation of offshore financial centres that have drawn both criticism and praise for their cumulative effect on the global economy. These offshore financial networks included 36 jurisdictions by the end of the 1970s that involved three main types of geographical locations, inland enclave states, coastal enclave states and island states. The enclave states have established a global pattern of so-called satellite clusters that are compatible with four main business time zones with linkages to the major global and regional capital markets. The Western Hemisphere is generally served through the New York epicenter by the Caribbean and the Central American Basin; European enclaves, coastal enclaves and…. [read more]

Quantas Airways Limited Company Financial Analysis History Essay

… Quantas Airways Limited

Company Financial Analysis

history of the company

Quantas Airways, Ltd. is the number one domestic airline industry in Australia and is a leader in the Asia-Pacific region. In fact, Quantas is among the ten largest airlines in the world and connects Australia in approximately 81 destinations and forty countries throughout the world. The company operates several regional airlines in the country of Australia and carries in excess of thirty million passengers each year. The largest shareholder in Quanta is British Airways plc, holding 18% interest in Quanta. Quanta was founded in March 1919 by two veterans of World War I. In the early 1970s a charter subsidiary, Qantair Ltd. was formed by Qantas and at the same time Qantas began a low…. [read more]

Southwest Airlines Company 2004 Term Paper

… Southwest airline is one of the major airlines operating these days. Starting from the scratch Rollin King and Herb Kelleher joined hands to build an airline company which would be a totally different from then airlines. They started the company with one simple thing in mind which was to get the customers to their desired places on time and at the lowest possible fare. They had one vision in mind i.e. To provide customers with suitable and affordable ticket prices with satisfactory air travel. On February 20, 1968 King and Kelleher created the infamous Southwest Airlines. The Texas Aeronautical Commission gave them the permission to fly between three cities in 1968. From 1968 the company has never stopped expanding and is expected to grow further…. [read more]

Qantas Airlines Term Paper

… Qantas Airlines

In the past few years, the chosen business strategies of various airline carriers have emerged as one of the most pressing concerns for airline personnel, travelers, and government officials alike. The airline industry is a highly competitive one where the business model of one competitor may serve to lock that airline in the top position. Unfortunately, the recent terrorist attacks and suspected future attacks involving traveling and aircraft carriers has shed a negative light on commercial flying, and airlines have tried various attempts to combat their resulting low sales and air travelers. After the vicious terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the airline industry experienced nearly $40 billion in losses, bankruptcies, and the loss of approximately 10 different airlines. Additionally, more than 150,000…. [read more]

Organization Behavior Business Model Development Research Paper

… National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has specifically designed the regulatory policies for businesses in this industry so that they meet the minimum criteria for operating in the industry and contribute towards the economy and overall Global aerospace industry.

Human Resource Planning:

The human resource needs for the company are also becoming more and more complex day by day. Whenever some new technology is introduced in the industry, Virgin Galactic has to train its present engineers and technicians so that they get equipped with the most advanced knowledge and skills in the Space Sciences. In addition, it has to recruit engineers from the outside market that are well-trained and highly skillful in the required areas. These recruitment and training costs are a major part of…. [read more]

Qantas Airlines Essay

… At this point intime, the privatization was completed and Qantas shares were prominent with the Australian Stock Exchange as of July 31, 1995. Through this, British Airways managed to sell 18.25% as of September 2004 (Qantas Airlines, 2011).

"In November 2001, Qantas purchased Impulse Airlines in accordance with the terms of a commerical relationship signed in May 2001 in which impulse contracted its aircraft to Qantas" (Qantas Airlines, 2011). This was after they decided to withdraw from scheduling services within their operations. As a result, Impulse did operate under the direction of Qantas Link until Jetstar as of 2004, and at that time at least 14 Boeing 717 aircrafts were transferred to a different carrier" (Qantas Airlines, 2011)

The collapse of Ansett in September 2001…. [read more]

Management Accounting the Purpose of This Memo Essay

… Management Accounting

The purpose of this memo is to explain and flesh out the benefits of management accounting. However, it needs to be done carefully and properly lest the benefits be fleeting to none rather than numerous and immeasurable. This memo will not get into the actual accounting statements of the firm but the high-level benefits of the same will be mentioned in exquisite detail. Management accounting can greatly benefit Singha Beer if done correctly and with a proper amount of forethought (Singha Beer, 2013).

Named after a mystical lion, Singha Beer is sold in stores that cater to Hindu and Thai tastes. The bottles of Singha Beer also bear a symbol on the neck of each bottle, referred to as the Garuda, that references…. [read more]

Easyjet Financial Reporting Recent History Essay

… " (Dow Jones & Company, 2010)

Further evidence of increased focus to corporate governance issues and added flexibility with adapting to measures consistent with effective corporate governance is provided by The Safety & Health Practitioner (2004). According to The Safety & Health Practitioner (2004), "Andy Shaw from Easyjet will look at boardroom management, corporate governance demands, and legal and social pressure. Boardroom risk management becoming a focal point following a number of high profile business disasters." (The Safety & Health Practitioner, 2004)

These advances are a move from the turmoil the company faced with the founder and the rest of the board at a disagreement regarding the accounting policy direction the company needs to adopt to provide shareholder value more rapidly. According to Rogers (2002),…. [read more]

Success of Airline Brand Emirates Airlines Research Proposal

… ¶ … Emirates Airlines

The purpose of this study is to assist in the identification of the key concepts of brand image and development utilized by industries and to examine the issues of how the brand image of Emirates Airlines might be changed based on performance and scope of operations. The research issues will result in the provision of new tools for the company in defining strategies for brand nurturing and development globally. The questions addressed in this research study include those of: (1) How is the brand of Emirates Airlines viewed currently and how is this brand image impacted globally? (2) Who does the company view as its main competitors for its brand image and why? And (3) What steps can be taken to…. [read more]

Corporate Finance Analysis of Qantas Essay

… Qantas

The global financial crisis began in 2008 in the United States and quickly spread. Most major world economies -- and many minor ones as well -- have suffered over the past few years from suppressed demand, exacerbated by government cutbacks that have increased unemployment while doing nothing to restore shattered consumer confidence. The impact on the global airline industry was significant. The 2000s were already a difficult decade for many firms in the industry, the result of the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks and then the economic crisis (Ghosh, 2010). The Air Transport Association reported that the industry lost $4.7 billion (USD) in 2009 (de Bruyn, 2009). While 2010 saw the industry recover somewhat (Ghosh, 2010), the decade was on the whole a challenge…. [read more]

Internet and Global Finance Research Paper

… From the statistics presented by the Internet World Stats, 2.4 billion people around the world were using internet in 2012, which represented 34.3% of the world population. Between 2000 and 2012, there was a tremendous growth of 566.4% of internet users. Despite the growth in the internet users globally, the internet penetration rates varies across the globe. The North American region recorded the 78.6% in the internet penetration rates followed by Australia 67.6% and Europe 63.2%. The overall world internet usage is presented in Table 2 and Fig 1.

Table 2: World Internet Usage Statistics


June 30, 2012

World Regions


( 2012 Estimation )

Internet Users

Dec. 31, 2000

Internet Users

Latest Data

Internet Penetration Rate



Users %

of…. [read more]

Economic Model for Monopoly Analysis in Telecommunication Term Paper

… ¶ … Economic Model for Monopoly Analysis in Telecommunication:

Proposal to demonstrate Uniqueness. Mathematical Economic Model.

The Telecommunications Act of 1996 sought to end the monopoly that once existed in the telecommunications industry. Since its adoption, the telecommunications industry has been undergoing a period of rapid change and development. The entry of new players into the market encouraged them to seek new ways to attract and keep customers. These changes have led to a rapid influx of new technology and services.

Many times what defines a monopoly is not clear in every circumstance and there are many pending lawsuits for violations of Anti-trust laws in the courts today. Economic models are useful in resolving issues of whether a monopoly truly exists, or whether claims are…. [read more]

Southwest Airlines Internal Analysis SWOT

… First, the lack of consistency in maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) processes and lack of coordination with the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) was glaringly seen when the top of a jet fuselage broke open in a flight earlier in 2011. This event shows a more systemic problem throughout the company, of not staying vigilant enough to external safety standards for inspection, relying instead of the relationships with NTSB and FAA auditors to quickly move through the evaluation process of a jets' records and audits (Michalisin, Karau, Tangpong, 2004).

Another weakness is the lack of oversight for maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) processes and procedures throughout the company today as well. There is no audit oversight function or team to…. [read more]

Starbucks Situational Analysis Environment Important Term Paper

… " In furtherance of this end, Starbucks has created and applied for nearly 100 federal trademark registrations and also has several patent applications pending. Starbuck's patent in the United States for its coffee on tap system has positioned Starbucks as one of the dominant players in the coffee industry.

In measuring the appropriateness of its decisions, Starbucks relies on six guiding principles. First, Starbucks provides a great work environment and treats its consumers, employees, and vendors with dignity and respect. Next, Starbucks embraces diversity as an essential component in the way it does business. Third, Starbucks applies the highest standards of excellence to the purchasing, roasting, and fresh delivery of its coffee. Fourth, Starbucks aims to develop enthusiastically satisfied customers all of the time. Fifth,…. [read more]

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