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Financial Essay

… Financial Overview

Business Description

Wal-Mart "operates retail stores in various formats around the world and is committed to saving people money" as a business strategy (Wal-Mart 2012 Annual Report). The company operates three main segments, Wal-Mart U.S., Sam's Club and Wal-Mart International. Of these, Wal-Mart U.S. accounts for 59.5% of its total revenues, Wal-Mart International accounts for 28.4% of total sales and Sam's Club accounts for 12.1%. Wal-Mart's total revenues are $443 billion. The company is by far the largest player in the retail industry globally, although this industry is extremely fragmented. Wal-Mart has a dominant share in the United States, and dominates a number of individual product segments, such as groceries. It is also one of the largest online retailers, trailing only companies like…. [read more]

Wal-Mart's SWOT Analysis and Generic SWOT

… In its Global operations, Wal-Mart has also entered into a price war with its competitors which offer different brands at discounted prices. Wal-Mart, on the other hand, always ensures that its retail stores sell the highest quality products for those customers who are more quality conscious than price sensitivity (Hitt, Ireland, & Hokisson, 2011).

2. Differentiation Strategy:

The second generic business strategy of the company is differentiation strategy which entails the company's efforts to differentiate the attributes of its products from those of its industry rivals. Wal-Mart operates in the retail industry. Therefore, it has to keep a wide range of all kinds of products at its retail and discount stores. Being the largest retailer in the world, Wal-Mart has maintained the biggest stock of…. [read more]

Financial Analysis: Wal-Mart Research Paper

… Financial Analysis: Wal-Mart

In this analysis, I concern myself with Wal-Mart Stores -- an NYSE listed multinational corporation. Amongst other things, I will come up with a concise description of the company and its line of business. Further, in addition to evaluating the vulnerability of the retailer to current financial threats, I will also highlight the impact of the company's financial trends on its future financial performance.

Wal-Mart: Overview

Founded 51 years ago by Sam Walton, Wal-Mart's key purpose is helping "people around the world save money and live better -- anytime and anywhere -- in retail stores, online and through their mobile devices" (Wal-Mart, 2013). Currently, Wal-Mart's key competitors in the discount, variety stores industry include but they are not limited to Target Group…. [read more]

Wal-Mart (Firm Description Term Paper

… Wal-Mart (Firm Description -- Introduction and Overview of the Firm)

Wal-Mart which happens to be in the Discount, Variety Stores industry is a global corporation which operates a chain of retail stores in a number of segments. Established by Walton, Sam sometimes in 1962, the retailer has experienced tremendous growth to become one of the world's largest public corporations based on both the number of employees on its payroll and its resource base. This paper will focus on Wal-Mart, which is currently billed as the world's leading retailer.

Wal-Mart: An Overview of the Firm

Arkansas was the location of Wal-Mart's first Discount City store opened in mid-1962. The State naturally became the location of choice for Wal-Mart's first store as this was the same place…. [read more]

Wal-Mart's Annual Report: The Role Essay

… The current ratio for 2010 is .87% which implies that the company has $.87 in current assets for each $1 in current liabilities. Similarly, the current ratio for 2009 in which the current assets were $4,894,900,000 divided by the liabilities of $5,553,900,000 was .88%.

The divided ratio is calculated by dividing the company's total debt by the total assets, which is $977,770,000 divided by $1,707,060,000 that equals 57.3%. In 2009, the total debt was $963,500,000 and total assets were $1,634,290,000 that made the debt ratio to be 59%. This implies that the company's overall debt ratio reduced in 2010 from 2009, that makes Wal-Mart in an improved better financial position. The 2010 return of equity for Wal-Mart can be determined through dividing its net income…. [read more]

Wal Mart's Business Environment Essay

… During this process, is when the firm will reduce their costs by having trucks supplied with merchandise that is going to various locations within the area. This helps Wal Mart to maintain price controls and limit the impact of commodities on their bottom line results. ("2011 Annual Report," 2011) ("2012 Annual Report," 2012) ("Annual Report," 2011)

While Costco and Target, will use similar models to a certain extent. In the case of Costco, they are installing energy efficient meters that will control usage and have installed alternative power sources (such as solar cells). This helps the company to keep their costs low for operating each location. At the same time, they are utilizing supply chain management to quickly resupply various stores. ("2011 Annual Report," 2011)…. [read more]

Wal-Mart Target Essay

… These ratios highlight how well the company converts assets and equity into profit. Because of differences in the capital structure at the two firms, both the return on assets and return on equity need to be studied together, and trends are an important part of the analysis of the investment return ratios. Wal-Mart's return on assets in 2011 was 9.3%, compared with 8.6% in 2010 and 8.2% in 2009. Its return on equity in 2011 was 23.5%, compared with 21.2% in 2010 and 20.6% in 2009. Wal-Mart has improved its returns in both categories, indicating that the company has improved its profits in general. This reflects well on Wal-Mart for investors. Target's return on assets for 2011 was 5.5%, compared with 5.6% in 2010 and…. [read more]

Wal-Mart Corporation Mission and Vision Capstone Project

… What is also evident is that their intensive investments in analytics and logistics-based technologies are having a major impact on streamlining their complex and often costly logistics processes. Of the many investments the company has made, their leadership in Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags and systems (Krotov, Junglas, 2008) have revolutionized the entire area of global logistics management including the development of more effective in-warehouse performance and processing (Wal-Mart Investor Relations, 2012). These investments in RFID have also given the company a strong value proposition for attracting 3rd party logistics providers to partner with the company in regions of the world Wal-Mart is interested in expanding into (Sodhi, Son, 2009). As of the close of their latest full fiscal year that results are available, Wal-Mart…. [read more]

Walmart SWOT Wal-Mart: SWOT Tables Essay

… Synopsis:

Considering the SWOT Tables constructed above, it is clear that while Wal-Mart remains a powerful corporate entity, it is not without its array of challenges. It is thus that we consider a number of the forces described above with a bit more scrutiny. Here, we consider the economic dimension first. Today, as the article by Carvin (2011) indicates, Wal-Mart is the top-earning firm on Forbes Fortune 500 list, but it has suffered some of the blowback form America's sustained economic recession. According to Carvin, "sales at Wal-Mart U.S., which is the company's largest business, slipped 0.5% to $71.1 billion. Comparable-store sales fell 1.8%." (p. 1) This suggests that on some level, the company has struggled to adapt to changes in a global market where…. [read more]

Wal-Mart Case Issues: CI#1: Consumer Term Paper




The Wal-Mart Stores have been severely criticized for their intense desire to present customers with the cheapest products on the market and in order to do this, they tend to neglect the quality and safety of the merchandize.


Communities generally object to the opening of a Wal-Mart store in their region. Citizens fear the impact the store will have on their lives and the environment, while local entrepreneurs fear the possibility of going out of business.

CI#3: EMPLOYEE TURNOVER large majority of Wal-Mart employees is dissatisfied with the wages they register and the benefits, including health care, they get and the conditions they work in. This generates massive personnel fluctuations.


Wal Mart Analyzing Wal-Mart's Market Value Thesis

… Wal Mart

Analyzing Wal-Mart's Market Value, P/E Ratio and Profitability

Wal-Mart's market value and continued profitability is directly attributable to the continual improvements in supplier relationship management and the use of technology to continually ensure the mass merchandiser reduces operating costs (Mottner, Smith, 535). This has been a highly effective strategy as the company continues to concentrate on its core market segment, the price-value shopper (Zimmerman, According to Wal-Mart the price-value shopping segment of their customer base comprises 16% of all shoppers and is responsible for the majority of the profitability the firms achieves (Frazier, 34). As Wal-Mart has continues to concentrate on the unique combination of their supply chain, technology to enable greater efficiency, and on working to keep the price-value shopper loyal,…. [read more]

Wal-Mart Was Formed by Sam Term Paper

… The staff to be selected would need to be knowledgeable and should be one which can provide uncompromising services to customers. (Learn about us) The staff would need to have a clear retail vision and who would promote the interests of the retail store and who have a passion to sell the products of the store. The staff would require performing a key role in seeing to it that a new shopping experience is being provided to the customers and also has the ability to have a regular assessment of the entire performance of the retail store. In addition to this, the staff is required to promote a background for innovation of rewards. (Retail Store Managers)

Whether a staff will be placed as a high-paced…. [read more]

Financial Initiatives That Wal Mart's Management Essay

… ¶ … financial initiatives that Wal Mart's management has proposed in its message to shareholders and customer: the continued focus on the return on investment (ROI). One should first of all point out that this is more of a message addressed to the company's future investors, current shareholders and associates rather than to the customer: while the return on investment also means higher volumes of sales, potentially encouraged by good customer policies, it is largely concentrated on maximizing the commercial and financial efficiency of the company and increasing profitability.

One of the key areas that the management has underscored in its quest to increase the focus on the ROI was the investment in technology, a trend which is expected to continue in the next period…. [read more]

Wal-Mart From a Couple Essay

… The company then uses cross-docking techniques to move the goods more or less from one truck to another, out to the stores. This reduces the amount of goods held in inventory at the company's warehouses. As goods are ordered on a more or less just-in-time basis, the stores also hold relatively little inventory. Slower-moving goods are often moved to better positions in the store to spur sales, as the company prefers not to carry inventory in the store for too long. Inventory turnover, therefore, is a critical metric for the operational performance of Wal-Mart.

Wal-Mart also engages in contingency planning. While the company attempts to avoid adverse events, for example by punishing suppliers that fail to deliver on time, it also uses contingency plans to…. [read more]

Employment Discrimination at Wal-Mart Foundation Essay

… But more than a handful of young ladies sewing garments in a classic version of a sweatshop are caught up in the Wal-Mart debacle. More than one million workers are employed at Wal-Mart, the majority of whom are women (Gary, 2011, Jay, 2011).

Part and parcel of the workers' rights violations at Wal-Mart is the patent discrimination against women workers. "In 1999, women constituted 72% of Wal-Mart's hourly employees, but only 33% of its managerial employees" (Bhatnagar, 2004). Employee grievances of any type at Wal-Mart appear to result in punitive managerial actions, up to and including dismissal. But grievances related to sexual discrimination in wages and promotions are treated particularly harshly, such that, a female employee at Wal-Mart who grieves her situation may find herself…. [read more]

Target Corporation and Wal-Mart Stores Term Paper

… However, when comparing the Total Returns of Wal-Mart to that of Target, it is apparent that Wal-Mart has delivered higher returns over 1997-2002.

FY2002 is likely to see both Wal-Mart and Target improve on their Total Returns performance against both Industry and the S&P 500 given the already announced improvements in Q1 earnings reports.

The market capitalization of both Wal-Mart (247,132.1) and Target (37519.1) are well above the S&P 500 average of 19,717.5.

On the parameter of Financials, both Target and Wal-Mart compare favorably with the S&P 500 Index. However, it is very clear that Wal-Mart is by far the stronger company as compared to both Target as well as the S&P 500 performance. Wal-Mart's Revenue Growth (% 3 years) stands at 16.5 as compared…. [read more]

Wal-Mart International Expansion Essay

… The uncontested ground can be another continent (International Strategy), another business (Diversification) or cyber market (E-business Strategy).

International Strategy

As Sam Walton said, "We would go to the extent that we could from a warehouse and put in a store. Then we would seal in the map of that region, state by state, county seat by country seat, until we had saturated that marketplace," in the physical world, Wal-Mart should continue to expand its markets. However, as aforementioned, the dynamic international market environment is significantly different from the U.S. market -- Australian consumers have more brand loyalty than Americans. Moreover, many international companies are against Wal-Mart's entry into their markets and they may seek government intervention to prevent or limit Wal-mart's expansion. Thus, Wal-Mart should…. [read more]

Wal-Mart Background, Mission, Vision Today Thesis

… Wal-Mart

Background, Mission, Vision

Today Wal-Mart is the world's largest retailer, a true economic force and a cultural phenomenon, as well as a lightning rod for controversy. It started due to the simple vision of its founder, Sam Walton: to offer shoppers the lowest prices, lower than they would get anywhere else. This simple strategy shaped the company culture and driven its growth. It also made the company mission to be: "To help people save money so they can live better." (Wal-Mart, 2009, p.2; Wilbert, 2006, p 1).

In 1950, Sam Walton opened his first five-and-dime, with the vision to keep the prices always as low as possible, aiming to gain from high volumes and not large margins. During the beginning of the 1960s, he…. [read more]

Wal-Mart Social Responsibility Analysis Essay

… The review will be conducted in a chronological fashion to determine if there has been any noticeable change in the company over time, after a general discussion of industry social responsibility is conducted. This literature review is a culmination of research into databases (Questia, ProQuest) which offer peer-reviewed journal article on many subjects. After the literature was collected from these databases it was arranged in a chronological manner according to the date of publication for the individual articles.

Social responsibility for companies has been either a "cajoled" or "bullied" element in the protests of progressive activists for much of the last century and a half (Chatterji & Listokin, 2007). The fact that companies have responded to the efforts of protestors who believe that they have…. [read more]

Walmart 2007 Research Proposal

… Wal-Mart Case Study

Wal-Mart faces a daunting series of challenges beginning with the need to refine and strengthen its core marketing strategies in the U.S., resolve Human Resources compliance violations, and learn from failures to expand globally and be successful in China and India. In addition to these challenges, Wal-Mart faces competitors who are growing in strength and marketing expertise both in the U.S. And globally, and must also confront an emerging global recession. All of these challenges are made all the more urgent by the slowing revenue growth and expansion of Wal-Mart both in the U.S. And globally. With the board of directors being given the commitment of 7.5% growth globally and 7% U.S. market growth after the company had achieved 10% growth in…. [read more]

Walmart Performance Wallie's Ratios Essay

… What this means is that should the firm need to raise cash to cover operating costs and debt exposure, Wal-Mart will have to either liquidate inventory or issue more equity. The cash and equity position show that indeed the company has been buying back common shares, increasing inventories with the new stores, and should sales in those new stores perform better than U.S. stores, the result should be higher earnings per share as this debt is paid down. This depends on the liquidity of merchandise, and should the global economy take another abrupt correction, this debt and inventory exposure may result in short-term financial strain over the coming year. Inventory is reported at the lower of cost or permanently discounted retail (Wal-Mart, 2012c, p. 34),…. [read more]

Business International - Wal-Mart vs. Carrefour Thesis

… Business International - Wal-Mart vs. Carrefour around the Globe

The forces of globalization and market liberalization have made it possible for organizations to spread their wings beyond territorial boundaries, allowing them to operate globally. But in this dynamic and highly competitive environment, the ultimate success depends on the abilities of the managerial teams in developing and implementing the most suitable strategies relative to customers, products and services, employees, the technologies employed, shareholders and a multitude of other forces. Two relevant examples of multinationals which triumphed in this context are offered by retail giants Wal-Mart and Carrefour. This paper aims to look at their global operations, while also offering information on the organizational background and the competition between the two forces. The problem identified is that…. [read more]

Diversify Essay

… Sears also began to unify all catalogs into a single system of record which has led to the development of an expert guided selling and selling referral system as well (Drobian, 2010). All of these factors combined to give Sears greater insight into their prospects' and customers' online behavior, further giving the company greater control over its messaging, marketing, promotional strategies and programs. This also opened up the opportunities to gain access to content from suppliers prior to new fashions and styles being introduced, giving Sears a competitive advantage in price-sensitive segments that are on a budget (Drobian, 2010).

Analysis of Outcomes

Wal-Mart failed in Germany and South Korea on several different levels of their business model. First and most significant was the lack of…. [read more]

Corporate Finance Project Term Paper

… Corporate Finance Project

Wal-Mart is the world's largest retailer. They company operates primarily in the discount retail industry, competing with a cost leadership strategy. The company is also active in a number of export markets, the most important being Mexico, Canada, China and the United Kingdom. The company also competes in the warehouse club segment of the retailing industry, where its Sam's Club brand trails Costco in market share and revenue. Wal-Mart is only the world's second-largest online retailer behind The company become successful based on its strengths in logistics and in purchasing. Wal-Mart uses its bargaining power and economies of scale in order to drive down its prices to consumers, and uses this a source of competitive advantage. This paper will focus on…. [read more]

Walmart Internal an Internal Analysis Essay

… Stories such as that reported on by Gogoi here demonstrate that there is a critical need for regulatory oversight of labor and human rights on an international scope.

According to Gogoi, interviews with over 90 employees at the JMS Garment Factor in Bangladesh, which had been tapped as a supplier of Faded Glory brand school uniforms sold exclusively at Wal-Mart stores, revealed the facility to demonstrate the major features of a sweatshop. Gogoi indicates that "a report from SweatFree Communities, an anti-sweatshop activist group based in Bangor (Me.), found that workers at the factory work up to 19-hour shifts to finish Wal-Mart's orders under tight deadlines; are made to stand for hours as punishment for arriving late to work; and are frequently subject to verbal…. [read more]

Formal Analysis of a Publicly Traded Company Term Paper

… ¶ … Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (NYSE:WMT) has become a dominant retailer in the United States and has spread its operations into 14 foreign countries. The company has created success by offering low-priced goods and developing ancillary services, such as automotive maintenance, pharmacies and sales of eyeglasses and other vision products. Due to the fact that Wal-Mart has now attainted a dominant position in the U.S. retail space, its growth in the U.S. market has begun to slow (Naughton, 2006). For the most part, Wal-Mart sees its future avenues of growth as coming from foreign markets, particularly China.

In order for Wal-Mart to continue its impressive history of growth, I am recommending the following additional steps be taken:

Wal-Mart must adopt a stronger growth strategy in…. [read more]

Formal Justification Research Paper

… ¶ … Justification

Wal-Mart is currently the largest retailer within the United States of America and it still has an increased potential for further growth and development. The company's main strengths include its scale economy advantages and efficiencies, whereas its shortages include the limited attention to details, such as employee treatment, customer satisfaction, product quality, impact on the environment and so on. In other words, Wal-Mart is a reputable epitome of corporate success, yet it lacks in its community sustainability and responsibility initiatives.

The company's focus has traditionally fallen on the provision of low retail prices and this strategy has ensured long-term success among the price sensitive consumers; this trend was even further maintained throughout the past recent years, when the crisis has made consumers…. [read more]

Investment Valuation Company Overview Wal-Mart Stores Inc Research Paper

… Investment Valuation

Company Overview

Wal-Mart Stores Inc. (NYSE: WMT) is the largest retailer in the world. They operate in the discount segment of the mass merchandising category of retail, which is the largest segment in the United States and a major segment in a large number of nations. The company competes against firms such as Target, Costco and many other merchandisers in other segments, such as conventional grocery stores. Wal-Mart has approximately two million employees (MSN Moneycentral, 2009) and operates nearly 8000 stores worldwide (2009 Annual Report).

Wal-Mart's sales totaled $404.9 billion in the latest fiscal year, from which they derived a profit of $13.3 billion. The revenue breaks down to 63.7% from Wal-Mart U.S., 11.7% from Sam's Club (also U.S.) and 24.6% international. The…. [read more]

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. Company Operations Essay

… Management's research indicates that there is no clear price leader in China at the present time. Wal-Mart aims to beef up its customer perception by establishing a competitor tracking system that will culminate in real-time adjustments to keep its pricing advantage. It also intends to establish EDLC and EDLP and to engage in more local marketing campaigns in the 121 cities where it currently operates. Wal-Mart also sees an opportunity to expand its e-commerce business in China. China currently has the world's largest Internet population with 457 million users. (Argus, 2011)

Doug McMillon, CEO of the International division, told investors and analysts at the recent conference that they should not expect Wal-Mart to expand into large mature markets with established competition. Argus analysts expect Wal-Mart…. [read more]

Woolworth vs. Wal-Mart Essay

… In this case, Woolworths strategy was not driven by opportunity but by threat. The company's main opportunity comes from potential new markets and from expanded superstores that provide a wider variety of merchandise, and using lower pricing to capture share from discount players in the market. There are other competitive threats besides Costco -- including that from Wal-Mart or other successful overseas discounters.

Decision-making at Woolworths remains largely top-down. The company is run by Michael Luscombe, who has been with the company since 1978, giving him experience not only with the Australian retail environment but the firm as well (Greenhalgh, 2007, 2). The company builds its management from within, ensuring that the corporate culture remains stable (, 2011). The use of consultants with Wal-Mart pedigree…. [read more]

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