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Plato, the Republic by Francis Essay

… The good, like the sun, both illuminates and nurtures, though its object is the soul and not the earth.

4. How does Socrates apply the Allegory of the Cave to politics?

The Allegory of the Cave as applied to politics by Socrates relates to the development of guardians, who with the proper education can and will become the just and true rulers of society. The Cave allegory itself is Socrates description of the way we actually see things, as if illuminated by a small fire that allows only the shadows of reality to be illuminated upon them, thus if one were only able to see those shadows he would believe them to be the truth, and to become a whole person a member of the…. [read more]

Francis Bacon Essay

… Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was a politician, statesman, philosopher and scientist who is known, among others, as the founder of the inductive method in science. (the Reader's Digest Great Encyclopedic Dictionary 71) He was also the author of many famous publications and essays. Many of his concepts and works are still influential in the sciences today. Furthermore, he was an important thinker during the English Renaissance and advocated a new way of understanding the natural world known as "active science" which was to be widely influential.

Bacon was born in 1561 to Sir Nicholas Bacon, lord keeper to Queen Elizabeth I, and Lady Anne Bacon. He was the youngest of eight children. (Abbott xxxi) He developed important connections through his parents who were both highly positioned…. [read more]

Francis Bacon's Advancement of Learning Research Paper

… (Aquinas 4).

Aquinas indeed illustrates, with what later theologians and philosophers would call far too much complexity (or certainty), the relationship between faith and reason -- a relationship that intensely shaped medieval scholastic thought -- and a relationship that by the twentieth century would find fewer and fewer followers -- as a result of the new system of thinking devised by the Baconian method.

Moreover, the philosophers that followed Bacon's Advancement give a key to the kind of world that Bacon was envisioning when he penned his treatise to the King of England: the next century would see the rise of Rousseau -- and the demise of old world values: for example, there is no hint in Rousseau of the filial duty such as Shakespeare…. [read more]

Francis Bacon's Philosophy Regards the Reorganization Term Paper

… ¶ … Francis Bacon's philosophy regards the reorganization of the study of science and its potential to amplify a nation's relationship with, and understanding of, God. Solomon's House within "The New Atlantis" exemplifies this relationship, specifically with respect to the division of labor and resources; the ultimate result being a utopic society possessing a closer resemblance to heaven than any other nation on earth. It is his emphasis upon cooperative research, delineated in his "Novum Organum," that makes the nation described in "The New Atlantis" unique and righteous. Essentially, Bacon's belief that a proper approach to science can enhance society in virtually every way imaginable is explicitly noted in "Novum Organum" and illustrated by example in "The New Atlantis."

Largely, the catalyst for Bacon's embrace…. [read more]

Sir Francis Bacon and "Help Lord Research Paper

… Sir Francis Bacon and "Help Lord"

Sir Francis Bacon -- Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was a true renaissance man who lived in England. He served as the Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England, as well as writing prolifically on philosophy, political science, and literature. Besides a great deal of poetry and prose, Bacon established a deductive method in the sciences that focused on specific inquiry. That is, epistemological observation and notation lead one to more appropriate conclusions. Despite a hugely successful career, Bacon was disgraced in 1621 after being convicted of 23 counts of corruption and sentenced to a huge fine and time in the Tower of London. While he only spent a few days incarcerated, he was banned from holding further office and…. [read more]

Critique of a Postmodern Philosophy Thomas Kuhn Term Paper

… Postmodern Philosophy

Philosophers over the course of history had been trying to find the answers to questions comprises of HOW, WHEN, WHO and WHAT. They apply these query terms to every phenomenon whether it is related to nature or human existence, whether it is the question formation of universe or it is about its end.

From the medieval age till 21st century, many philosophers had adopted several theories with accordance to his time and belief to answer these questions. As Dave Teague indicate that in medieval age which is spread over 700 years (800-1500 AD) European society was constituted upon collectivism, theistic and static values. They believe to be living for God and their king, whatever happened was considered to be act of faith, old…. [read more]

Philosophy of Science Scientific Theories Term Paper

… Science also challenges these convictions.

Some might also argue that scientific perspectives govern how we experience reality and thus make science without social acceptance impossible to be realistic. Science could not develop if new paradigms of the world that challenge existing social beliefs and acceptance were not proposed (Strauss, 2003). If paradigms did not question the realities as defined by society, "science would stagnate" (Strauss, 2003). Each member of the community is informed by tradition, and standards of ideas are typically handed down from generation to generation (Polyani, 1964, 52). Yet these very traditions need be challenged.


The Philosophy of Science according to Curd traditionally seeks to find rational conclusion and justification for activity, and allow for reconstruction of scientific theory logically (Curd, 1998).…. [read more]

Medieval Philosophy Term Paper

… 5 (Gersh, 1998, p. 123)

At about this same point in history, it is important to note that collections of texts were being made. Mckitterick & Marenbon, (1998, p. 97) offer this comment, "Sometime before 814, Archbishop Leidrad of Lyons presented a comprehensive collection of philosophical treatises to his cathedral library." These writers follow up withi an extensive list of old manuscripts and probably often re-copied manuscripts that preserved much ancient thinking and wisdom. When one considers that there were texts extant at the time to be collected, it seems obvious that many scholars and scribes were conscientiously making sure that old wisdom and philosophy would not be lost. Perhaps the awful example of the burning of the library at Alexandria, served as incentive to…. [read more]

Philosophy Nietzsche Often Identified Life Term Paper

… In exploring the extent and limits of human understanding, David Hume arrives at the conclusion that justification for many common beliefs about the "natural world" is impossible. In An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, he writes,." is not reasoning which engages us to suppose the past resembling the future, and to expect similar effects from causes which are, to appearance, similar." Here Hume states his primary thesis about the so-called "law of cause and effect" -- it does not have a justification through deductive reasoning or a demonstrative argument. Therefore, skepticism regarding natural phenomena, accompanied by a practical understanding of the apparent causal chain in the universe, is the closest thing to justification that humans can have (Huwig 2001).

Concluding this exposition of perceptions, Hume advocates…. [read more]

Francis Bacon in an Early Work Term Paper

… Francis Bacon

In an early work, intended as preface to his life's work Sir. Francis Bacon pronounced his desire to discover and share truth, in his case truth about nature and the knowledge of it. He believed himself destined to and predisposed to discover and teach that which he believed was shrouded by religion. According to one analyst his life goals and worldview were threefold, the discovery of truth, the welfare of his country, and the reform of religion. His belief was that his devotion to the first and it'd application in service to his country would greatly assist mankind in its greater goal to understand science and nature, in his eloquent words "Truth." found that I was fitted for nothing so well as for…. [read more]

Plato vs. Francis Bacon Term Paper

… ¶ … Allegory of the Cave by Plato and the Four Idols by Francis Bacon. This paper shall try to explore the thoughts of the two authors mentioned and compare them as how one text is similar or different to the other.

The Allegory of the Cave is a parable that illustrates how man can be ignorant, how he is able to seek the truth, and after which how he continuously seeks for wisdom and never become ignorant again. Hence, the title of the story speaks of the term "cave," trying to depict a man's thinking in which the man was like in a cave, doesn't have much knowledge of things, but were provided only with the chance of perceiving things. Until later on, he…. [read more]

Philosophy Historical Roundtable Term Paper

… Philosophy

Historical Roundtable Takes Place in D.C.

Only a few years ago, cloning and regeneration were considered controversial and potentially unethical by most, if not a majority, of the population, but with scientific strides what was once considered impossible is not only possible, but has happened -- last Saturday. Under close government scrutiny, seven philosophers brought to life and maturity through cloning and regeneration met in a secure room under the White House. For 24 hours, they discussed today's most poignant ethical issues with leaders of several nations, though the existence of the meeting was not released until yesterday, at which time the philosophers had all been relocated by the secret service. Though the philosophers discussed a myriad of important topics, most of the records…. [read more]

I Ching Classical Understand Research Paper

… The lines themselves are based on the principal of yin and yang, as has already been mentioned.

I Ching from the point-of-view of Aleister Crowley:

In the West there has been a limited interest towards the Oriental philosophy, and "there remain entrenched Eurocentric attitudes which tend to marginalize the influence of Eastern thought on the West." However, the exception has been Aleister Crowley, who created his own religion under the banner of A*A* or Argentum Astrum. The religion and the very figure of Aleister Crowley have been surrounded by undeserved controversy, which is often the result of a lack of understanding of this work. From an analytical point-of-view, it can be claimed the teachings and the religion which he preached was very human centric approach.…. [read more]

Bacon Rebellion Essay

… Bacon Rebellion has been considered for many years to be one of the first elements of what would later become known as the American Revolution. Even though this event took place in 1676, for decades it has been viewed as the first episode in many to come that revealed the revolutionary situation of the American colonies.

However, despite the patriotic feeling related to this event in Jamestown, research on this event concluded that there was no revolutionary glamour about the event. In fact, the rebellion had more pragmatic and individualistic causes and developments.

The actual rebellion focused on two main characters which were the Governor of Virginia, Sir William Berkeley and his cousin by marriage, Nathaniel Bacon, Jr. Historians later discovered that the two had…. [read more]

Bacon County Hospital and Health Essay

… The first step is to have both paper and digital copies of documents within the system. The paper copies ensure the accuracy of documents within the digital framework. In addition to the hardcopies, each digital document is copied and maintained on a differing network, completely separate from that of the company intranet. This separate mainframe provides a separate database in the event of a catastrophe or system failure. In the event of a fire of natural disaster, the separate database would ensure that the entire information system runs smoothly and efficiently (Dhillon, 2007). To further insure that data is accessible, the back up system is maintained in a differing location that that of the primary one.

What things do you think your organization could do…. [read more]

Philosophy of Education Philosophies of Education Evolve Term Paper

… Philosophy of Education

Philosophies of education evolve in response to social and political changes. Moreover, philosophies of education reflect shifts in personal and collective consciousness, which also impacts the form and function of schools. Educators who practice their profession in accordance with their loftiest goals embolden our profession, enabling a plurality of voices to shine. At the same time, the shared features of an educational philosophy will maximize the potential of school systems in mediating conflicts. Even amid the plurality currently extant in education and in educational policy, it is possible to outline core values that can and should become normative. For example, philosophies of inclusion and egalitarianism should always define educational institutions even when these ideals are not entirely possible in practice. Transcendentalism and…. [read more]

Francis Clooney, Entitled Hindu Wisdom Term Paper

… Both Christianity and Hinduism, albeit in different ways, force human beings to recognize their state of loneliness and incompleteness in the world. Christianity traces this break back to God's first creation of the world (of which humans are a part), Hinduism to the creation of the first self. Still, both practices require religious observers to reconcile themselves to this early break of humanity with the eternal state of creation. Hinduism and Christianity both exist in cycles of birth and renewal, in the latter case that of the self's renewal, in the former that of the renewal of the soul through God's participation in the world.

Buddhism's influence upon Hinduism further intensifies this focus upon the Hindu self. Although this may sound paradoxical, given that Buddhism…. [read more]

Nathaniel Bacon's Rebellion Essay

… What Bacon Writes

According to Bacon's own account, as mentioned above, which is a piece deserving of close examination, the facts were both the same and a bit different in the case of this particular rebellion. In that which regards the reasons for the rebellion, for instance, Bacon writes that the main causes for it having occurred were the incredible injustices and the lack of economic rights for the entire population. Bacon writes the his rebellion was based on these injustices, which included, as stated above, high taxation but lack of economic and financial means for the population not aligned with Governor Berkeley who, furthermore, was feeling threatened by the Native American Attacks. However, what is different is that in Bacon's writing this 'corruption' clause…. [read more]

Compare and Critically Contrast the Empiricist Inductivist and Popperian Approaches to Science Term Paper

… Science

Critical Examination of the Empirical Iductivist and Popperian Approaches to the Scientific Method

The pursuit of science is often imagined untroubled by philosophical quandaries. Unfortunately, this is not the case. A number of complications arise in science, especially when intellectuals and academics attempt to ascertain what is known and how it is known that said facts are known. More importantly, distinguishing between scientific and non-scientific conceptions of the world around us can be difficult and not always apparent. Evidence for theories, even contradictory ones, abounds. Determining which theories and approaches are scientific and which are not can be a difficult proposition. The purpose of this study is to examine two epistemological frameworks through which scientific information can be (and has been) categorized and understood.…. [read more]

Empiricism Is a Theory of Knowledge Essay

… Empiricism is a theory of knowledge that posits that what we know arises from a series of sensual experiences that are evidentiary and part of observable phenomena. Of course, the philosophical views of consciousness date back to the very foundations of human societies -- most especially the views of the Ancient Greeks on human morality and ethics and the manner in which human thought translated into action. Within the modern era, that is after the Renaissance, for instance, Francis Bacon proposed not a specific philosophy of knowing, but a methodology of verifying truth. Bacon, for instance, believed humans should use inductive reasoning from fact to axiom to law- from induction to deduction as a process of finding truth.

According to the empirical view, for any…. [read more]

Plato the Failure of Rationalism: A Response Term Paper

… Plato

The failure of rationalism: A response to Plato and Descartes

In the "Republic," the ancient Greek rationalist Socrates admits that, to a great extent, his vision of an ideal society is just that -- an ideal. The concept of a world governed solely by philosopher kings cannot be perfectly realized, but as a 'Platonic ideal' he states that it is necessary to critically engage with this concept. His theoretical societal 'form' is perfect, he alleges, because it is supremely rational, with every individual perfectly placed in his or her social category, as determined by his or her innate abilities. Nothing is left to chance, in his world governed by philosopher kings, everything is rationally determined.

Plato's ideal begs us to ask a very obvious…. [read more]

Understanding Reality and Human Behavior Research Proposal

… ¶ … reality and human behavior strictly rational approach to understanding reality usually is what we understand when supernatural forces, referred to as God or the Supreme Being from now on, are excluded from the mechanism that governs our behavior, the relationship that is formed with other individuals and the way we follows our objectives in life. This does not necessarily mean, however, that this approach is necessarily a logical one: it is first of all a rational approach, because it excludes an entity with the role of intervening in the life of the individuals and governing society.

From this premise, we can argue that the rational approach to understanding reality needs to investigate the social and individual problems that lead to behaviorism and actually…. [read more]

Aristotle on the Web Aristotle: Different Website Term Paper

… Aristotle on the Web

Aristotle: Different Website Agendas?

Aristotle was one of the great founders of Greek ethical, scientific, mathematical, and human philosophy, and perhaps the greatest founder of modern, critical scientific empiricism. Thus, to type in the word 'Aristotle' brings a plethora of responses from the Google search engine. The first such finding, from the World Book Online reference center, contains an introduction to the life, teachings, and historical significance of its subject. Its main concern is to convey the complex and intimidating subject of Greek philosophy to a layperson in factual terms, and its agenda, if it can be expressed as a covert and sneaky word as 'agenda' is to lure students to seek out the philosopher's writings with greater interest and depth,…. [read more]

Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz Term Paper

… Benedict Spinoza's work, The Ethics; Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect, essentially argues that an understanding of knowledge ultimately arises from a metaphysics in which God in nature are deeply intertwined. Spinoza does not see God as simply the all powerful creator of the universe, but also as nature itself. Thus Spinoza argued that God and nature are essentially the same reality that underlies all of the universe. Nature contains an almost infinite number of attributes, including the physical and mental worlds, which were thought not to interact. Nature, in turn is a complete system that also encompasses the acts in thoughts of humans. Humans can only be happy if they understand this system, and their place within nature.

While this discussion clearly illustrates…. [read more]

Emmanuel Levinas Phenomenology Ethical Constructivism Thesis

… Emmanuel Levinas Phenomenology

Ethical Constructivism

Emmanuel Levinas was a French philosopher and an intellectual scholar whose propositions and influence expounded on the study of phenomenology. While drawing ideas on his philosophies, Emmanuel met a German philosopher, Martin Heidegger who was fully affiliated to the Nazis. This affiliation-based Emmanuel's phenomenological philosophy under enthusiastic criticism of Heidegger. His influential study of western philosophy led to the comprehension of existential phenomenology in France and led to the development of ethical and morality, based on the eventual activities of the World War II. In addition, the philosophy developed included an inter-subjective relation to ethics through deontology, utilitarianism, self-legislation and virtue ethics. This greatly assisted in developing a conceptual sense and affectivity to Emmanuel's propositions. In this context, Emmanuel Levinas…. [read more]

Why Was John Dee Such an Enigmatic Figure in Western Europe? Research Paper

… ¶ … John Dee such an enigmatic figure in Western Europe?

The character of 16th century mathematician and philosopher John Dee presents an intriguing conjunction of science, magic, and imperial patronage seemingly hand-crafted for his time. In order to fully understand the range of Dee's influence on both Elizabethan imperialism and the advance of the sciences, it will be necessary to examine some of the key events of his life as well as the philosophy he formulated through years of mathematical and magical thinking. Although Dee's particular blend of the scientific and spiritual may at first glance appear to be almost anachronistic even in his own time, in truth Dee demonstrates the confluence of seemingly disparate historical and cultural forces that initiated an expansion of…. [read more]

My Philosophy of Education Thesis

… ¶ … Philosophy of Education

When it comes to my philosophy of education, I lean more toward essentialism. Essentialists believe that there is a common core of knowledge that needs to be transmitted to students in a systematic, disciplined way. The emphasis in this conservative perspective is on intellectual and moral standards that schools should teach. The core of the curriculum is essential knowledge and skills and academic rigor. Although this educational philosophy is similar in some ways to Perennialism, Essentialists accept the idea that this core curriculum may change. Schooling should be practical, preparing students to become valuable members of society. It should focus on facts -- the objective reality out there -- and "the basics," training students to read, write, speak, and compute…. [read more]

Buddhism vs. Quine Research Paper

… This concept of sunyata of dharamas or emptiness in everything has a major influence till to date on the character of thought of Buddhist; it has had a great impact on the model of Indian philosophies of epistemology, substance ontology, causation, concept of ethics, language and the theories of World salvation, and it has also helped in the development of even other Buddhist philosophies in Japan, China, Tibet and India. Important to note is that it's in consent Quine's relativism.

Quine's relativism

The term relativism as used by Quine refer to the belief that truth is not always and generally valid, but can be determined only in relation to other thinks that may include one's personal circumstances, culture, perspective, community, social class, theory or historical…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast the Differing Definitions of Critical Term Paper

… ¶ … integrating critical as well as thinking. But several earlier conceptualizations try to concentrate primarily on the process of thinking and avoid its important qualifier, i.e of critical. Hence they tend to give over importance to the process of thinking and reduce the importance of critical aspects. Encouraging and facilitating the process of critical thinking of students is now being considered as an increasingly significant objective for higher education. Analyzing the element of critical thinking of students is important for estimating its progress. (Cheung; Kwan; Yue, 2002) Those whose education have not trained them to deal critically with issues as well as conflicts are in fact not being enabled to interact efficiently with other people, whether be it be the same or varied from…. [read more]

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