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Dreams -- Are They Psychologically Term Paper

… Generally, he postulated that human beings have a protective psychological mechanism designed to shield the psyche from various thoughts and perceptions and from actual memories whose conscious perception could be so traumatic that they would be damaging to the individual to perceive consciously (McWilliams, 2004; Mitchell & Black, 1995). According to Freud, those types of thoughts remain in the subconscious but invariably become the source and the root cause of numerous different types of psychological pathologies in waking life when they are left hidden from the conscious mind and unresolved (McWilliams, 2004; Mitchell & Black, 1995).

More specifically, Freud argued that the actual imagery of dreams represented psychologically significant ideas and that identifying the meaning of those images could provide the basis for linking the…. [read more]

Freudian Perspective of Human Psychology Sigmund Thesis

… Freudian Perspective of Human Psychology

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was the original psychodynamic psychology theorist who first proposed that the unconscious mind is substantially responsible for human psychological behavior (Gerrig & Zimbardo 2008). He developed his theoretical perspective through his work with clinic patients afflicted with mental disorders, the fundamental tenet of which is that repressed feelings and conflicts determine much of our psychological identity and the manner in which we relate to others throughout our lives (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008).

The Freudian psychodynamic therapeutic model involves a long-term counselor-patient relationship in which the therapist provokes independent recognition of underlying psychological themes through questions relating to specific areas of psychological development based on narrative information from the patient (McWilliams,

2004). Freudian psychology suggests that the traumatic…. [read more]

Freudian Dream Interpretation Term Paper

… The latent content of this dream is very complex and conveys many ideas at the same time. The hurt that the client is feeling started around the time of High School and was not caused by one person. The client resents any person who she perceives has caused her hurt and expresses a clear wish to have them destroyed, along with the hurt that they represent. She wants to get away from the pain, but cannot. She wishes for a person of strength to take them away and destroy them. She then wants to take that hurt and turn it into a source of strength, to begin again.

The client wishes to talk to her father so that he can help take the hurt away,…. [read more]

Dreaming for Centuries, People Term Paper

… The images and memories that float around and the patterns of order imposed upon them provide insight on what a person values. As such, they can also provide insight on developmental directions a person may want to take or avoid (Flanagan 129-131)

In this formulation, Flanagan effectively stakes out a middle ground between that, intuitively, makes sense. After all, again on an intuitive level, the Freudian account imputes too much symbolism into dreams. The dreams as somatic noise approach, on the other hand, does not adequately address the role dreams have played in creativity and self-expression.

Flanagan's account, offers a more integrated approach to dreams. First, he addresses both the question of why humans dream. The idea of dreams as evolutionary spandrels simply suggests that…. [read more]

Freudian Theories Essay

… Culture

Freudian Theories

Sigmund Freud was a physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist and became known as the father of psychoanalysis. He was a very influential thinker of the twentieth century. He initially worked very closing with Joseph Breuer, but later elaborated the theory that the mind is a complex energy-system on his own. He expressed and refined the concepts of the unconscious, of infantile sexuality, of repression, and proposed a tripartite account of the mind's structure. All of this was part of a radically new conceptual and therapeutic frame of reference for the understanding of human psychological development and the treatment of abnormal mental conditions. Freud's most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a new science of the mind, remains the…. [read more]

Dreams and Learning Essay

… Modern dream research

Recent dream research suggests that there is still little consensus as to what purpose, exactly, dreams serve. Marquet (2001, pg. 1050) suggests that dreams are a method for "off-line processing of acquired information" that consolidates and integrates the information presented in dream states to a more useful, more meaningful information. Further, Wagner et al. (2004) found that REM sleep patterns, providing the requisite sleep cycle for dreams to occur, creates a foundation upon which creative thinking and content analysis can thrive. Essentially, Wagner et al. (2004) found that research participants were twice as likely to discover new ways of solving mathematical problems once the participant was allowed to sleep in between introduction of a given problem and attempting to resolve the given…. [read more]

Significance of Dreams for Psychoanalytic Theory Research Paper

… ¶ … dream can be described as a succession of emotions, images, events and thoughts that are processed through the mind of a person during sleep. The interpretation of the content and may be the purpose f the dreams that an individual experiences is not yet been fully comprehended. There are however several theories that attempt to explain and interpret the role and content of dreams. The perfect interpretation of a dream has a lot of clinical potential in the process of mapping the progress of a person's character as he or she undergoes psychological therapy. In this paper I present a thorough definition of dream from the view point of various theorists and subsequently discuss the role of dreams in the context of psychoanalytic…. [read more]

Theory of Dreams Term Paper

… ¶ … Dreams

The theory of wish fulfillment was put forth by Freud to explain the purpose of dreams as fulfilling unconscious needs. Activation-synthesis theory was created by Hobson and McCarley and suggests that dreams are the effect of the neural activation that produces brain waves during REM sleep. The cortex is supposed to synthesize a dream in order to make sense of these signals. In the end, the dream is interpreted by using individual memory.

I would rather agree with the psychoanalytic theory because it reinforces the psychological aspect involved in dreams' explanation. Hobson and McCarley reinforce rather the physiological aspect related to dreams, in the form of unspecific neural activation. On the other hand, psychoanalytical theory of dreams suggests that dreams are a…. [read more]

Freudian Reading Term Paper

… ). Freud would say, that like many people, Hemingway fears what he desires. A Freudian read of Francis Macomber would also reveal that Francis was a masochist and that he and his wife maintained a sadomasochistic dynamic in their relationship. Neither of them needed to stay in the marriage, yet they remained married for over a decade. She painfully emasculated him; he endured it and probably enjoyed it on an unconscious level.

Perhaps the part that reveals the most about Hemingway the person is the ending, when Mrs. Macomber accidently shoots Francis in the head. Ernest Hemingway died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head in his later years. He was a long time alcoholic, who was treated for severe depression. Freud argued in…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Classical Essay

… This would be done by focusing on thoughts and behavior either to encourage a closer connection between child and parent or to help either deal with their current situation and both to move on.

Being that I am more action-oriented and practical as per personality, leaning to the possibility of choice and preference of action and being future-oriented as opposed to mussing about and dwelling in the past, I would prefer the CBT approach.

What I would do here would be to deal with both parent and child in both family and individualized sessions, showing them how their thoughts direct the situation, helping them formulate changes that they want effected in their lives, and showing them how they can effect these changes via thoughts and…. [read more]

Oates' Story Essay

… They were the "echo of a song from last year " -- this is no longer the newness and vigor of the music mentioned at the beginning of the story, rather music has become stale and passe. Connie, the allusion seems to say has become old too.

Oate's story is one that makes an impact and lodges itself in your mind. Whether cautionary tale or one that is fantasy with psychological implications, Oates' Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? leaves a message to all people everywhere, regardless of age, never to follow a stranger. That the man is a rapist and child-molester seems to be clear from his actions and form his telling Connie what he will do to her. That he may…. [read more]

Freud and Jung Thesis

… Freud and Jung on Dreams

In the Interpretation of Dreams, Freud's basic philosophy regarding the relationship between dreams and the inner workings of the human mind can be summed up in the following oft-quoted phrase: "The interpretation of dreams is the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind" (Freud, 647). Often, this is taken simply to mean that dreams reveal the unconscious, but this is not an accurate reading of Freud's words. He explains at length in this text that dreams are simply a way -- the best way, it is true, but providing "only a small step," Freud stresses -- towards beginning to understand how the mind works without our conscious direction (Freud, 647). That is, as dreams are…. [read more]

Psychoanalysis the Opening Phase Term Paper

… The denial is closely linked to his relationships, as Carlos feels entitled to the love of the woman as if he were not sick. At one point, Yalom (1989) states directly to Carlos that he "doesn't make any sense at all," (74). This is a cornerstone of Adlerian therapy, in which the therapist treats the patient as an equal. He is direct and forthcoming about the analysis of Carlos's irrational thought processes. Yalom (1989) also relies on Adlerian therapy in the sense that the two maintain a strong and healthy therapeutic relationship that borders on the friendship; and Yalom (1989) helps Carlos to uncover his lifestyle dynamics. The lifestyle dynamics are revealed when Yalom (1989) asks Carlos to consider a world in which rape were…. [read more]

Hisory of Palliatve Care Palliative Ghost Writing

… Development of instrument that can be used in improvement of palliative care

There are legal standards that are being used in the United States to help sustain the lives of young children. Creation of machines to help in the program to sustain lives especially of those children suffering from long life diseases like cancer is the current project. This is an initiative taken by the pediatric palliative care department. The program will play a significant role in prolonging lives especially to those children with serious illness. Two instruments in the suggestion for use and reviews made to see the effectiveness. Parents and palliative care employees from various institutions gave opinions to act as a guideline on the effectiveness and progress. The instruments are essential in…. [read more]

Psychoanalytic as Portrayed Term Paper

… Thus according to Freud a pathographer treats the artist as a patient and his works of art are analyzed in terms of these psychological considerations. The pathographer's works as an objective observer is of one who makes an analysis and makes a relation between the object of art and the artist. The work of art shed's light on the life and the inner conflicts of the artist, his repressed anxieties which are usually of an infantile nature [Nicole, 1998].

Pathography attempted to look insight the life of an artist through his work. The pathographic model also attempts to find out that to what an extent the works of art depict the inner psyche and conflicts of its creator and whether or not the work of…. [read more]

Freud and Frankenstein Although Psychoanalysis Term Paper

… He abdicates all responsibility because he is unable to control the behavior of the monster he has created: "How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wretch whom, with such infinite pains and care, I had endeavored to form? Breathless horror and disgust filled my heart. Unable to endure the aspect of the being I had created, I rushed out of the room, and continued a long time traversing my bed-chamber, unable to compose my mind to sleep."

At the same time Frankenstein's monster is bewildered by its sudden entrance into the rational outer world where the unconscious mind does not belong: "My person was hideous, and my stature gigantic: what did this mean? Who was I? What was I?…. [read more]

Freud and Hamlet Essay

… The prince just gives vague excuses for his delay. Freud wrote in his book The Interpretation of Dreams:

They play is built up on Hamlet's hesitations over fulfilling the task of revenge that is assigned to him; but its text offers no reasons or motives for these hesitations and an immense variety of attempts at interpreting them have failed to produce a result. According to the view which was originated by Goethe and is still the prevailing one today, Hamlet represents the type of man whose power of direct action is paralyzed by an excessive development of his intellect (298).

Since Hamlet is aware that something is off about his relationship with his mother, and by extension things that are wrong with the relationships with…. [read more]

Adlerian Therapy Term Paper

… Adlerian Therapy

As with other psychological therapies, the Adlerian model is also focused on bringing about a positive change. However, Adlerian therapy is not limited to changing the internal process as it envisions change in a much broader social context. Adlerian approach was revolutionary in those days as he strived towards societal or community level changes. Human behavior in the Adlerian theory is considered in the context of the environment. This social context of behavior is in fact central to the Adlerian philosophy. One of the main goals of the adlerian therapy is to establish a cooperative relationship with the patient and to bring out the impressions from his/her past and to analyze how they affect his social perception. Thus every individual's problem is essentially…. [read more]

Sensation and Perception States of Consciousness Essay

… ¶ … progress of science is not always necessarily a wonderful thing, and even some good and useful applications of science in daily life can perhaps be taken too far. It is a good thing, for example, that people with poor vision can have their sight corrected with glasses, contact lenses, and now surgery as well, as this gives people with a congenital disadvantage the ability to live life normally and competitively with others. It is not necessarily good, however, for individuals to be able to improve their senses to supernatural degrees, as this could give them unfair advantages in certain arenas, such as sports. Just as certain "performance enhancing" substances are banned or at least frowned upon my professional sports organizations, sensory enhancements should…. [read more]

Psychodynamic Counselors Facilitate Change? Essay

… With psychodynamics, the approach also believes that the individual's unconscious holds onto painful and vulnerable feelings, which are too intense for the individual to express consciously. These feelings and experiences are trying to reach the consciousness, but what tends to occur instead is repetition of the past rather than deal with the past. Psychodynamic therapy focuses on recognizing defense mechanisms, denial, repression, rationalization, and how these relate to current symptoms and behaviors in the individual. Psychodynamic therapists use many techniques derived from a broad range of psychological schools of thought which include free association as a way to examine internal conflicts and issues, countertransference and transference, catharsis, and working through painful memories and difficult issues focusing on the unconscious aspects of these, and how they…. [read more]

Freud and Surrealism Art Term Paper

… The wide-open canal of the vaginal fish's mouth is emerging a tiger in an analogously openmouthed stance. The vaginal fish is giving birth to this raging tiger, a representation of the masculine child as it is born from the mother. The tiger child has ferocious teeth and claws, and appears in agony as it is separated from the mother. At the same time, the tiger is also phallic, penetrating the vagina with his penis-torso, paws hanging like testicles. From the tiger phallus emerges a smaller pouncing tiger, the attacking child of the union between the female and male. This smaller tiger is a threat to women, and it is confirmed that he is intended to kill the mother/woman figure because as it approaches the dreaming…. [read more]

Theory Critique of Psychoanalytic Therapy and Adlerian Term Paper

… ¶ … Psychoanalytic and Adlerian Therapies

Analysis of Psychoanalytic Therapy and Adlerian Therapy

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychotherapy focuses on the unconscious and how it influences human behavior. It claims that a person is driven by aggression and sexual impulses. It focuses mainly on the first six years of human life and how events during this time period determine later personality. Repressed conflicts from childhood lead to personality problems later in life. Anxiety is a direct result of the repression of conflicts.

Psychoanalysts believe that unconscious motives, along with unresolved conflicts, lead to maladaptive behavior. Therefore, a psychoanalyst believes that to develop a normal personality, a person must go through five psychosexual stages successfully: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital. Psychoanalysis focuses on early childhood, postulating that…. [read more]

Grapes of Wrath When John Essay

… The very idea that a book so true to form -- at least in the general portrayal of humanity, could be singled out as evil, pornographic, and godless remains incredible, but a testament to its power to reach even those who find its message too close to home (Wartzman, 2008).

Clearly, Steinbeck was being critical of the hardships and injustices present in capitalism. Greed was almost a character, and the plot builds because of the abuse the Joad's endure and the alienation felt by most of the characters to the system as well as to each other. Literary critics, writing about The Grapes of Wrath, find his theme and plot issues quite convincing; following a family through the Depression, in most cases, takes the theory…. [read more]

Kite Runner Annotated Bibliography Bennett Research Paper

… Penguin, 2003.

More than applying formalist criticism to The Kite Runner, the story seems to cry out first and foremost for a historical or historicist type of analysis, since it would literally make no sense unless the reader had some understanding of the events in Afghanistan from 1975 to 2001, which left the country devastated and millions of its people as refugees. In addition, Marxist analysis of social classes and oppressed ethnic groups as apply, along with the failure of Soviet-style Communism to bring to promised liberation. From a feminist point-of-view, the story is very explicit in its description of the authoritarian and paternalistic nature of this society, and its oppression of women and children, symbolized by the rape of Hassan and his son Sohrab…. [read more]

Freud's Perspective Term Paper

… Freud

Doris Lessing's "Through the Tunnel" is a coming-of-age story filled with sexual imagery and symbolism. An eleven-year-old boy is on vacation with his mother. Each day they go to the beach together but one day the boy wants to explore the rocky cliffs at the beach below. Eager to be friends with a group of older local boys, Jerry tries to impress them with his strong swimming skills. However, the boys outdo him by swimming through an underwater tunnel. Feeling socially stigmatized drives Jerry to practice holding his breath so he can swim through the tunnel too. Although he is unaware of his budding masculinity, Jerry is straddled between two worlds. One offers the safety and comfort of being mothered; the other offers the…. [read more]

Yalom Analysis the Case Surrounds Term Paper

… This is also emphasized regarding Carlos' fantasy about marrying a woman he met at church for less than 5 minutes. REBT allows a way for both of these irrational and defensive issues to come to a more rational conclusion without any judgement from the therapist (Corsini, pp. 213-15).

The Adlerian approach takes is influence from Freud by emphasizing that individuals are the only ones who can actually change themselves. However, instead of the focus on childhood experiences and the heavy emphasis on repressed sexuality, Alfred Adler believed that there were numerous experiences that contributed to one's personality. The Adlerian approach also emphasizes free will and an inborn drive for actualization; the idea of robustly changing and not allowing the past to manifest itself in immovable…. [read more]

Sociological Theory Sociology Essay

… When a person is removed from social interactions or a social reality, he/she does not exist within it and is outside of it. I am not talking about homeless people, because though they are marginalized they are still apart of a social reality, and have the capability to interact with others, even if they are homeless, too. Their social reality is much different from those with homes, but still it exists. In this example I would refer to people who are extremely isolated, living alone, far away from other people and who do not watch television, films, read books, use the internet, etc. These are people who, according to symbolic interactionism, would have more connection to physical reality and their own unique reality, and little…. [read more]

Oedipus Rex Term Paper

… Oedipus Rex

Sophocles' work is at once the paragon of the Greek classical tragedy, one of the essential myths of mankind and a great esthetic achievement. Furthermore, the too well-known plot has been made by Freud into a landmark theory of psychoanalysis. The power of the Oedipus story then comes from the archetypical and riddle-like significance of the events described. The work is so fundamental that it transcends and defies any strictly literary interpretation. The extraordinary and ineluctable coincidence which forms the plot of the play is the core of its fundamental significance. The tragedy knows no respite and no resolution for itself; it is an unanswerable riddle, where all the elements converge at different points. The story is at once paradoxical and uncongenial with…. [read more]

Art Five Years Essay

… It is almost like watching television or a movie, in that the attention is captured not just for a few minutes but longer to allow Bosch's phantasmagoric story to unfold. The right panel is the most captivating because it differs sharply in color scheme from the other two panels. The heaven and earthly panels have lively and cheerful blues and greens to denote live on earth. However, the right panel reveals the depths of hell with black and red tones. One of the strongest images or symbols on this side of the canvas is a space-age looking egg, broken in half. It is the largest object on that panel, and therefore the eye is drawn to it. It almost seems as if Hieronymus Bosch has…. [read more]

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