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Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Case Study

… D.A.M., 2013). The kidneys could also become a direct target of the immune system, resulting in destruction of the organ. In 30% of SLE patients kidney function will become seriously impaired or fail altogether. If lupus nephritis has not developed with 10 years of SLE onset, however, it is unlikely to ever occur.

If Vicki is not already taking the anti-malarial drug hydroxychloroquine she should, to help with the joint pain and rash (Madhok and Hu, 2009). Corticosteroid use should be discontinued and methotrexate would not be advisable given the history of frequent infections. Limited use of NSAIDs is allowed. Iron supplementation could be beneficial if the anemia is due to iron deficiency.

Madhok and Wu (2009) examined the research literature for studies investigating the…. [read more]

Schizophrenia Is a Heterogeneous Disorder Research Proposal

… The symptoms are rated on 24 items and include depression, anxiety, hallucinations and unusual behaviors. Each symptom is rated 1-7 scale Likert type scale. It is the most used symptom scale in psychiatry and has demonstrated excellent reliability and validity.

The Social Functioning Scale (SFS; Birchwood et al., 1990) can be used as a self-report measure or be completed by an informant. It has 79 items and measures social functioning across multiple domains. The questions are answered in an interview format.

The Social Behavior Schedule (SBS; Wykes & Sturt, 1986) takes 15 minutes to be rated by a researcher or clinician, assessing the previous month's functioning. It assesses 21 areas of functioning that can be grouped in four areas of behavior and has demonstrated excellent…. [read more]

Different Preferences in Learning Between American and French Learners in a Multinational Corporate Setting Dissertation

… ¶ … Preferences in Learning between American and French Learners in a Multinational Corporate Setting

The way training is delivered in a corporate environment has a tremendous effect on results. This study investigates the role of culture in the learning styles of adult French and American students enrolled in online training programs at an international university. Using Kolb's learning style inventory, the learning style preferences of respondents in both cultural groups will be classified as divergers, convergers, accommodators, and assimilators, reflecting their general tendencies toward learning environments as conceptualized by Kolb (1985). The assumption is that Americans prefer to learn from action-oriented methods and are more comfortable learning from activities that are not job related, such as role plays and games, than do their French…. [read more]

Function of This Study Is to Investigate Term Paper

… ¶ … function of this study is to investigate the correlation between the frequency of corporal punishment and the students' grade level, gender, and rural vs. urban schools. Current literature examines the aforementioned correlations in other parts of the world, but no such literature exists for Taiwan. The outcomes of this study may become catalysts for policies and advocacy programs that diminish the corporal punishment of students by teachers in Taiwan.

The data necessary for this study has been gathered by various organizations in Taiwan over the years, but little has been done to analyze the data further so that a more comprehensive understanding of the corporal punishment of students can take place. The current study is based on secondary data analysis of available data…. [read more]

Delphi Study: Influence of Environmental Literature Review

… Green IT and energy costs

Although IT devices consume energy, you can use them to control energy, particularly electricity consumption.

You can use IT systems to take care of building management. For example, using movement sensors, thermostats can be adjusted, lights switched on and off, and computers switched off out of hours and reawakened for software upgrades.

One of the biggest challenges in reducing electricity consumption is ensuring that electricity users can monitor their own consumption. What gets measured gets managed -- once people are aware of their consumption, they can go about reducing it. This isn't yet common practice, even in data centers. But, with new smart metering technologies, organizations could monitor the electricity usage of individual departments. Departments could be charged for usage,…. [read more]

Dementia Review Case Study

… They can affect feelings of like and dislike, along with generating very strong emotions. They also influence how the individual views the world and remain so until a deliberate effort is made to adjust and change. (Koprowska, 2008)

The problems facing Larry's family required changed attitudes to make it easier for all of them to deal with the various organisations they were going to have to lease with in order to get a resolve.

Values are socially approved ways of doing things in a way that is acceptable to society. Larry's values were not held in the same vein as the people surrounding him.

Question/Section 2

There is a whole raft of U.K. Legislation that deals with the care of clients who need access to…. [read more]

Police Department Roles and Functions Term Paper

… Police Department Roles and Functions

The roles and functions played by the police force go far above the operational and technical aspects of their work. This career stands out as one of the few jobs that have a personal connection with both social change and progress in general. In this study, the focus will be on elaborating the roles and functions that different police departments play. Essentially, these roles and functions can be categorized depending on the principal mandate of the police departments relative to the enforcement of the law. In addition to these roles and functions, this study will also expound on the various types of police agencies in local, state, and federal levels, and their role in policing (Dantzker, 1999).

First, the police…. [read more]

Veterinary Nursing Anesthesia and Analgesia Case Study

… Hyperthyroidism is generally caused by a benign hyperplasia of the thyroid gland, resulting in excess thyroid hormone production and according to Cagney 2004 causing an increased rate of metabolism, gastrointestinal motility, cardiac output, central nervous system activity and heart rate as well as a decrease in the bodyweight and reduced sleep. It is critically important that a hyperthyroid patient be stabilized before anesthesia due to the increased risk of cardiac and metabolic complications. (Mooney and Peterson, 2004) due to hyperthyroidism. There is likely to be concurrent disease in geriatric patients and a decline in organ function should be anticipated resulting in a decrease in reserve capacity in brain, heart, liver, kidneys, and other organ function. In addition, older and thinner animals are more likely to…. [read more]

Whirlpool Whirl Pool Supply Chain Case Study

… The requirements of the new system were identified in collaboration with IT depart of the organizations. The system requirements and desired results were clearly communicated by the business management. These efforts revealed quantifiable results and improvements in business performance. The business performance results can be stated as following.

Business Performance Results:

The availability of products was increased from 83% to 93% which has gradually improved over the years to currently 97% as of today. The finished goods inventory was reduced yup to 20% as a result the cost associated with maintenance of finished inventory is also reduced. The cost of freight and warehouse is also minimized up to 5%. The cost of the project implementation however remains a secret. The implementation of i2 APS has…. [read more]

Social-Behavioral Learning Strategy Training Case Study

… The researchers were counting the incident of replacement behaviors that the children had learned through the SODA intervention: participation in cooperative learning activities for the entire duration of the activity; playing an organized game; and visiting with peers while eating lunch.


During their baseline assessment all four of the boys had a baseline score at or below 23%. Their scores increased significantly, most of them near 50% with SODA training and remained elevated for the five-month period after finishing SODA training. In addition, they answered post-intervention questions about the SODA training correctly, which demonstrated long-term knowledge of the SODA strategy. They also indicated that they were continuing to apply the SODA strategies they had learned in the applicable scenarios. Bob even indicated that he…. [read more]

Beh Case Study

… Beth's Case Study

The case of Beth, an eleven-year-old attending the sixth grade at a local elementary school within her community, involves many of the symptoms common in cases where a child is simply within the wrong environment. The case starts with a referral to a child counsellor, by the school guidance counsellor. The referral arises from the counsellor's opinion of Beth's relatively low disposition and related self-esteem issues.

Information regarding Beth's entrance into the school and current social stratification are obtained by the child counsellor and is thusly informed of Beth's commencement in the fourth grade and of 'difficulty' in establishing friendships. The counsellor further finds that Beth did have a close friend and shared a tight friendship with her close friend. This friend,…. [read more]

Size) #1: Nancy Case Study

… In this instance, it is incumbent upon the hospital to ensure that not only is it demonstrated that Nancy's job performance was not satisfactory despite numerous attempts to provide her with reasonable accommodations, but also that the decision to outsource the PT department was based upon financial and logistical factors and was not intended as a form of discrimination against Nancy.

Another concern which might arise is the 'whistle-blowing' component of Nancy's case. Nancy made a claim that her fellow physical therapists were improperly documenting their work. If Nancy is let go, she could also claim this was a result of her bringing to light unethical practices within her place of employment. It is illegal to fire an employee for doing so, and once again,…. [read more]

Henderson a Cognitive Behavioral Study Essay

… Finally, Mr. Henderson appears to have developed a negative view of himself, the world, and the future -- the classic triad of negative beliefs according to cognitive psychologists (Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery, 1979). Counseling should address these negative beliefs and attitudes and have Mr. Henderson test these beliefs by means of discussions in the sessions and the use of homework assignments. Once Mr. Henderson use these beliefs as a rational the counselor can help Mr. Henderson concentrate on more rational and realistic beliefs about himself, other people, and his future.

Given the factors in this case it will be best to approach the case with the cognitive behavioral treatment plan. While the research has generally concluded that SSRIs and some other medications can be…. [read more]

Ford Motor Company Case Study

… In one specific area, Ford leads all other companies around the world, not just its industry. Social networking is a force that has become the newest marketing possibility. While introducing the all new Fiesta, Ford decided to make a bold step. They decided not to waste any money on traditional marketing. The company held a contest with members of social media sites (Facebook, Twitter, etc.) to find 100 people who would drive the car for six months, then blog and place comments on social media networks about the experience (Bullas, 2010). The program had over 11 million total hits over the six months of the program, and they had over 15,000 inquiries about the car (97% of whom had never owned another Ford product) (Bullas,…. [read more]

Social and Cultural Theory Study Essay

… The phrase 'looking-glass self' was used by Cooley to present the idea that "what we think of ourselves depends on what we think others think of us" ("Charles Horton Cooley,").

The human beings are living in groups, both large and small. The concern shown by the members of the groups towards each other differentiates the primary and secondary groups. Thus, a primary group is one in which the members share personal relationships that are permanent and long-term and family being the most important one. This group of prime importance plays a significant role in the life of an individual. Members of this group spend a lot of time with each other, display real concern for each other's welfare and understand each other really well. It…. [read more]

Studies of the Subjective Culture of Harry C. Triandis Research Paper

… Triandis and the Theory of Subjective Culture

In spite of the importance of individualism in understanding the way that people relate to one another and to the world around them, Harry C. Triandis makes the overarching argument in his work that this individualism is one point on a spectrum of individual behaviors, with collectivism falling at the opposite end of said spectrum. The degree to which either of these dynamics is dominant in the individual will typically be a function of the society and culture within which the individual has developed or in which he or she persists. Indeed, throughout the course of his writing and research, Triandis has gone to lengths to argue that the degree to which one is able to appeal to…. [read more]

Human Machine Interface E-Iatrogenesis Capstone Project

… E-iatrogenesis: Human-Machine Interface

e-Iatrogenesis: Chapters 1 and 2

Rationale, Issues, and Hypothesis

Rationale for Topic Selection

With the publication of the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) 2000 landmark report, to Err is Human, the public, their representatives, and the medical profession woke up to the fact that seeking medical care increases the risk of injury and death. At the time, best estimates suggested that between 44,000 and 98,000 Americans died each year from medical errors. These care-related mistakes are believed to cost the U.S. healthcare system about $2 billion each year. The prevalence of medication errors can vary greatly depending on the setting. For example, the medication error rate for hospitals was found to vary from about 0.3% overall to over 10% in a pediatric ICU…. [read more]

International Procurement Dissertation

… School of Engineering and Design

Science in [your course title goes here]

This study investigates the circumstances in which buying materials and components from foreign suppliers can offer benefits to a manufacturer and those in which buying locally offers more advantages, taking into consideration factors such as the nature of the item to be purchased, the level of production technology, the item costs, the volatility of demand, rate of change of specification, among other variables. Firms must make important changes if they wish to reap the potentially huge scale economies of international procurement. For example, procurement decisions for low-volume, low-cost commodities (especially those with high transportation costs) can be left to regional headquarters or even to individual affiliates. Within the firm, procurement decisions need to…. [read more]

Quality of Life Among Tawau Research Paper

… On the other hand, the tibia has two sockets (slightly cup-shaped) to meet the femoral condyles. A healthy knee alignment has femoral condyles that rest evenly on the tibia as well as applying evenly to both sides. However, knee deformity could lead to asymmetrical force distributions. A valgus (knock-kneed) deformity occurs when the knees closer together than normal. These deformities could lead to asymmetrical degeneration of the knee cartilage leading to osteoarthritic knee.

On the other hand, knee OA could occur due to the problem with the backbone.

Backbone of an individual is made of combination of bone structure. The backbone is generally referred as vertebral column that supports the body weight, and 33 vertebrae bone are made up of vertebra column. Apart from the…. [read more]

Second Language Oral Production in High School Within the Context of CLIL Research Proposal


This study is motivated by theoretical and pedagogical interests: to inform instructional design intended to integrate language and content and to explore how form and meaning intersect in SLA (second language acquisition). Both interests draw on an extensive body of research that encompasses theory and practice underlying three different yet related frameworks and lines of inquiry: content-based language teaching, form-focused instruction and attention and awareness in SLA (second language acquisition). All three of these areas are linked by a concern with the intersection of form and meaning in second language classrooms. Content-based language instruction was originally inspired as an alternative to traditional approaches to language teaching that favored form over meaning. Form-focused…. [read more]

Rainfall Simulation Studies to Estimate Literature Review

… Incorporated residue is crop residue that is mulched into the soil such as corn stalks being buried to increase the organic matter content of the soil and which further operates like grade control structures thereby preventing rills from expanding. The use of no-till and reduce tillage practices result in less soil erosion and sediment than do convention methods of tillage or the use of plow tillage. However, it is not possibly to apply no-till and reduced tillage to all agricultural production initiatives.

Tillage marks are reported to be grouped to up-and-down till and contour till, which is generally effective in the reduction of soil erosion. There are however, many gullies and produced by contour as well as a great deal of sediment being created when…. [read more]

Outsourcing of Government Functions a US Study Term Paper

… Government Outsourcing

The Outsourcing of Government Functions: a U.S. Study

Outsourcing of government functions is one of the most highly controversial practices of the 21st century. There are several prevailing positions regarding the outsourcing of government contracts to private companies. Valid arguments exist for increasing government outsourcing and for limiting future outsourcing as well. Regardless of which side one happens to be one, once thing is certain, outsourcing is a trend that is likely to continue in the future, particularly in the face of the global economy and advances in communication that make it easier than it was in the past.

By March of 2007, the number of government contractors rose to 7.5 million, which is currently four times the size of the federal workforce…. [read more]

Sugar Substitutes Sweet but Deadly? Research Paper

… The effect of sugar substitutes on weight control was controversial for a while. A 1986 British study claimed that those who consumed aspartame-sweetened water increased the appetite more than those who drank plain water. But this finding was debunked by those of other studies, which suggested that the consumption of aspartame or other sugar substitutes did not increase the appetite. A Harvard Medical School study even suggested that these substitutes are helpful to those who wish to control their weight. The study participants were overweight women with similar weights during a four-month multidisciplinary weight reduction program. The women were grouped into two, one which consumed aspartame-sweetened products and another, which avoided the products. Both groups lost similar amounts of weight during the program but those…. [read more]

Deploying a Pilot Case Study

… ¶ … Deploying a Pilot Case Study Within a Research Project

Theoretical Approach to Research Study and its methodologies

The Purpose of implementing a Case Study Approach

Yin's Approach to Case Study Research

Creswell's Approach to Research Design

George and Bennett Theory Development in Social Science

Breadth References



The work of Robert K. Yin (2004) entitled: "Case Study Methods" states that the case study method has attained routine status as a viable method for doing education research. Other methods include but are not limited to surveys, ethnographies, experiments, quasi-experiments, economic and statistical modeling, hostires, research sytheses and developmental methods." According to Yin, case study research enables…. [read more]

Nurse-Patient Ratio on Care Quality Research Paper

… Staff Safety

While incident reports may be susceptible to underreporting, the same is probably less true for needle stick injuries since the risk of blood borne disease is on the minds of everyone today. Patrician and colleagues (2011b) examined the same military hospital data and looked at the interaction between NPR and nurse skills mix (RNs vs. LPNs vs. NAs) and the incidence of needle stick injuries. The rate of needle stick injuries was equivalent between the three types of units examined, which were medical-surgical, step-down, and critical care; however, higher NPR (except for step-down units), percentage of RNs, civilian RNs, and night shift was significantly associated with a lower risk of needle stick injury. These findings suggest that NPR is important for staff safety…. [read more]

Pressure on Performance the Effects Lab Report

… Perhaps another way to increase the perception of stress would be to use more anagrams or less time in order to create more stress in the participants.

Related to this is the notion of the Yerkes-Dodson law, one of the strongest empirically supported observations in psychophysics (Yerkes & Dodson, 1908). This law has observed that in general performance is most optimal under medium levels of stress (arousal) and suffers at low and high levels. With respect to the current findings it appears that participants were stressed in the timed condition, but not overly so. Therefore the time pressure condition in this experiment may have actually provided optimal stress to induce better problem solving. Likewise, participants in the performance pressure conditions may have not been motivated…. [read more]

Huge Cancer Epidemiology Huge Study Term Paper

… When reported, the adjusted effect estimate was included in the analysis in preference to the unadjusted one. If odds ratios were not reported, we computed unadjusted odds ratios from the data presented. Analyses were conducted by using Stata statistical software, release 7.0 (189). Heterogeneity was assessed by the Q test, with a fixed-effects model used if p ? 0.1 and a random-effects model used if p < 0.1. The I2 statistic was also calculated as a measure of consistency between studies (190). Except for the association between breast cancer and the 3801T-C polymorphism, the estimates of effect in the first published study were similar to those for the cumulative meta-analyses.

Study characteristics

Four studies took place in Japan, two in Taiwan, six in the United…. [read more]

NC System This Study Focuses Multiple Chapters

… 5-D (two5D_manufacturing_feature). Every working step included contains sub-features (such as pocket, step, planar_face, round_hole slot, general_outside_profile, etc.) along with cutting condition data or information (Calabrese and Celentano, 2007).

The complete and thorough explanation related to the working steps is enclosed in the technology description. This full explanation includes information with respect to machining strategies, tools, definitions of the work pieces and the things of similar nature. For instance, an entire technology description contains depth of hole that is required to be machined, diameter of the tool, rotational speed, and feed rate, etc. (Calabrese and Celentano, 2007). The geometry data employed in different components is explained by employing the ISO 10303 structure (Calabrese and Celentano, 2007).

Every STEP-NC program has a PROJECT and a WORK PLAN…. [read more]

Higher Education Leadership Purpose Statement Essay

… In almost all the above studies, personal interviews were conducted to determine the problems revolving around higher education leadership as well as the attributes of academic leader. For this study, people working in leadership positions in various educational institutions will be interviewed in order to get insights into the needs and problems of higher education leadership. Following open ended questions can be included in interviews,

How long have you been working in education field?

Describe your job. What areas of your job description require you to lead others?

Do your subordinates depend on you for accomplishing certain tasks?

How many leadership training workshops or seminars you have attended so far?

Are you and your institution flexible enough to incorporate new teaching methods and learning methodologies?…. [read more]

Organizational -- Nutri Essay

… The structure is line with the company's strategy and therefore is used to ensure the organization performs to the desired outcomes and operations are efficient.

It is important for an organizational structure to be in line with strategy as it provides duties and responsibilities and this will affect company strategy. When an organizational structure is not in line with set strategy it leads to inefficiencies and reduced effectiveness thus the company will not attain the desired results. By allowing for a broader and more flexible management base, NutriSystem was able to successfully transition from one business model to another quite successfully.

Market Strategy and Saturation- When a product becomes profitable it attracts an increased number of players and will continue to do so as more…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.