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Galileo Product Idea Description Essay

… Certainly, there is just not enough conventional air reconnaissance to go around at this level. Telematics can play an important role as a force multiplier by giving these lower level leaders the reconnaissance information that they need very quickly. However, given shrinking potential defense budgets, they may need to do this more cheaply that they are now doing it (Campbell 2010, 5-6). For the infantryman the philosophy is better, cheaper, faster and good enough. Turn-around time to support the infantryman in battle is critical. The central issue is the interface and if it is inter-connectable with the other soldiers and units in the area of operations (Henderson and Lyke 2010, 14).

The above reasoning is especially the case for NATO countries where defense budgets are…. [read more]

Galileo and the Scientific Revolution: An Examination Essay

… Galileo and the Scientific Revolution: An Examination of Galileo's Progression And An Imagined Rebuttal

Galileo Galilei ranks among the greatest scientific minds ever to have lived. His contributions to numerous fields helped to lay the very foundations on which many modern scientific disciplines are built, as well as being entirely revolutionary in his own day. His political controversy and eventual house arrest are almost as well-known -- perhaps even more so -- than his many discoveries and inventions; though he appeared to grow meeker in his later years (or perhaps it was simply that the power structure had changed enough to demand his expediency overtake his integrity), he remained committed to the pursuit of scientific truth inasmuch as he was able until the end of…. [read more]

Galileo Term Paper

… Galileo was certainly one of the most formative and important figures in the history of science -- among the inventions and contributions to science attributable to him are the refinement of lens-grinding and telescope making technologies as well as the creation of the scientific method in any real and meaningful form, and, certainly neither last nor least among his discoveries, the discovery of four of Jupiter's moons and their retrograde-motion which served to him as one of the many proofs and evidences suggesting that the Copernican hypothesis about the solar system was the correct one. Indeed, his continuing popularity and pervasiveness as a scientific and intellectual figure is only further evidenced by the fact that his life has been recently dramatized in the imaginary memoir,…. [read more]

Robert Frost Research Paper

… Robert Frost is one of the most celebrated poets in American history, and ranks as one of the most prolific composers of American literature. The subjects that he explores in his poems usually involve elements of nature and are immensely relatable to people from virtually all different aspects of life. His work has been characterized as "an examination of the ordinary" (Siobhan 598). In this respect, his poem entitled "The Road Not Taken" is no different. As is the case with most of Frost's poems, this poem functions on two levels -- the literal and the figurative. Literally, the poem is about a traveler who is walking in the woods. Figuratively, however, it is about something else altogether. A careful analysis of the different elements…. [read more]

Optical Revolutions How the Telescope Essay

… Optical Revolutions

How the Telescope was a More Significant Invention to the Microscope

Advances in optical technology made it possible for early modern scientists to explore both the vastness of the universe and the minute complexities of the microbial world. However, while the invention of the microscope has transformed medicine and, ultimately, the lives of virtually every living person on Earth, these advances took decades to play out and were initially considered trivial. In contrast, the telescope may have had a less profound impact on everyday life, but, through its influence on a seminal figure, sparked an explosive revolution in early modern European thought, challenged the intellectual hegemony of the Church, and, ultimately, shifted our sense of the universe and our place in it.

The…. [read more]

Mending Wall" by Robert Frost Term Paper

… His meaning is as straight as the wall he mends, and so, the reader is not sent on any meandering journeys, they understand immediately the theme of the piece - walls do not make good neighbors, they only create unnecessary barriers. Eliot's work is far different, although it also contains a similar theme. His prose is far more lyrical and descriptive than Frost's but he buries his meanings in many long, drawn out verses, so the reader must dig much deeper to find the true meaning of the work. Frost wears his meaning on his sleeve, so to speak, and Eliot wants his reader to work for it, and even make theirs own decisions about just what it was Eliot was attempting to convey with…. [read more]

Middle Ages, Scholastic Thinking Term Paper

… Other cities that valued scientific inquiry, such as Paris, realized that if they stifled such inquiry that they would face a 'brain drain,' and so instead they embraced new scientific ideas. The Jesuits, often associated with horrible purges of Protestants in areas such as modern-day Slovakia, became some of the strongest advocates of scientific research.

During the Scientific Revolution, the mechanics of logic became more intuitive and Aristotelian methodologies of analysis were modified or abandoned.

Aristotle saw causation in reverse from the way we see it today; for instance, the 'final cause' was the aim or goal of something. Thus, it was common to see the purpose of grain as being human nourishment. Nature was seen as a system of 'goals' rather than being derived…. [read more]

Wittgenstein Ludwig Essay

… It would see through television cameras in the eyes and generally think and act in a human -- or at least humanoid -- way, and perhaps even develop intentionality. They regularly design machines that play language games of their own, and look forward to the time when computers will be able to mimic the neurons and synapses in the human brain. This mechanical or electronic brain, perhaps encased within an artificial body, would function exactly like that of a real human being in its ability to process language and understand other inputs. If the correct interpretation of Wittgenstein is in fact that no "ghost in the machine" exists, and that all such old-fashioned questions about the mind, spirit and metaphysics are simply nonsense, then the…. [read more]

Nature of Science Term Paper

… Nature of Science

Even in a technologically advanced society such as ours, there is little common awareness of science and of scientific principles. As a result, many people are blinded by pseudoscience. In his article "The Nature of science," David S. Smith outlines the definition of science, the process of science, and the limitations of science so that readers can better understand how to distinguish between scientific fact and fiction. According to Smith, there is no universal definition of science. However, for the purposes of his argument, Smith defines science as the branch of knowledge that deals with the structure and operation of the universe. Science is only concerned with natural principles, observable phenomena, and verifiable evidence. Science is not, on the other hand, interested…. [read more]

Science v. Society the Politics Term Paper

… Science v. Society

The Politics and Science of Global Warming

The debate -- or at times, the direct and hostile conflict -- between factions of politics and pure science is centuries or even millennia old. From Socrates being put to death for his pursuit of logical truths in defiance of his society's religious beliefs, to the persecution of Galileo for his scientific findings that countered Church doctrine, to modern debates such as stem cell research and global warming, there seems to be a constant and at times drastic lag between the progress of science and such progress's acceptance by civilization. This latter issue is more in line with the historical pattern; the debate surrounding stem cell research is purely ethical, whereas the religious factions that…. [read more]

Sociology History of Business Science Research Proposal

… Delimitations

Today, modern business systems help an increasingly globalized world function in seamless ways. In fact, English is rapidly becoming the lingua franca of the business world and transnational borders and cross-cultural factors no longer operate as major barriers to commerce. Further, a wide range of financial instruments exist such as letters of credit and bills of lading whose purpose and operation are readily understood by businesspeople from New York to New Delhi. Business correspondence too has a fairly standardized format that businesspeople all over the world both use and understand and all of these features have helped create a modern business system that is both efficient and effective in achieving the movement of goods and services around the world. All of these business systems,…. [read more]

Descartes Rene Descartes: Historical and Philosophical Context Term Paper

… Descartes

Rene Descartes: Historical and Philosophical Context

Rene Descartes is widely considered to be one of the founders of modern philosophy. But geniuses are not born out of thin air - rather they are products of the era that they are born into. With this in mind, this paper will examine Descartes's life and thought from the perspective of the historical context in which he lived as well as the philosophical context that gave rise to his unique method. In doing so, I hope to shed some light on how Descartes came to form some of his most important contributions to rational thought in our time.

Like a lot of philosophers both before him and after him, Descartes lived in relative isolation from the pressures…. [read more]

Scientific Revolution Is a Change in Intellectual Term Paper

… Scientific Revolution is a change in intellectual thought attributed to the 16th and 17th centuries. However, scientific thought had been around for some time before this time with notable contributions by Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Ptolemy (90-168 AD). Both made significant contributions to science, with Aristotle's book, The Physics, appearing about 350 B.C., describing the principles of change, movement and the elements such as earth, wind, and fire, to name a few of the subjects covered.

Ptolemy orderly arranged the geocentric view of the universe so that they were understandable and rationalized the motions of the planets as they were known in his time. Ptolemy's book Almagest was the basis of pre-modern astronomy, posing that the whole universe revolves around the earth and developing eighty…. [read more]

Hobbes Believes That the Cruel Term Paper

… He had very good reason to distrust human beings. After all, civil war had just ripped his country apart. While he did not see it first hand (he remained in France during the duration of the war), no doubt he lost family and friends. Like the U.S. Civil War, brother was fighting brother. Certainly, families and friendships were torn asunder. Also, considering that he was in as much or more trouble with the royalists, one can be assured that he was speaking his own mind and was not in the pay of the royalists.

What Hobbes was trying to construct was a philosophical basis for a completely secular government, one that was rational and not subject to the religious and politically capricious whims of the…. [read more]

Guy De Maupassant's Short Story Term Paper

… Both in this story and in life itself people tend to equate youth with beauty. However, it is worth noting that the beauty associated with youth can fade in some cases, and remain in others. In Maupassant's story, the crucial determinant in whether beauty will fade or remain is money. Once Mrs. Loisel attempts to buy a necklace well beyond her means to replace the necklace she lost (and which she does not know is a fake diamond necklace), she becomes a course, hard working woman to try to scrape up the funds to pay for it. This process causes her to look older than she actually is. The following quotation, in which Mrs. Loisel meets the friend who leant her the fake diamond necklace,…. [read more]

Enlightenment on the French Revolution Term Paper

… Later, in 1748, Montesquieu published a book called Spirit of Laws, which presented a "comparative political analysis of the conditions most favorable to liberty," according to LEF:EFR's research.

Yet another major 17th Century contributor to what was later to be called The Enlightenment was Rene Descartes, who made famous the phrase, "I think, therefore I am." Descartes, however, while he attempted to use reason in defense of Christianity, "committed so many logical faults that his successors over the centuries were to slowly disintegrate his gains," Brians asserts.

Enlightenment Heavyweights: Voltaire vs. Rousseau

And as the 17th Century evolved into the 18th Century, philosophers like Voltaire emerged; while taking the position that tyranny and dogma were bad for civilization, and that educated and sophisticated people could…. [read more]

Descartes Discourse on Method Term Paper

… ¶ … Descartes' Discourse on Methods

Contributions of Rene Descartes' works to the history of philosophy

An Analysis of the Discourse on Method and the "I think, therefore I am" statement.

Descartes' background

Rene Descartes is widely recognized as the father of modern philosophy. Also known as Renatus Cartesius (a latinization of his name), Descartes was a 17th century French scientist, mathematician and philosopher. His importance in the history of philosophy is so great because he was among the first to oppose scholastic Aristotleianism, which had influenced European philosophy and culture during a period of almost a thousand years. A French gentleman who signed himself "Lord of Perron" and who lived twenty years of his life (the most productive ones) in the tolerable and hospitable…. [read more]

Cultural and Construction History of the Gothic Period Essay

… Gothic Period

Cultural and Construction History of the Gothic Period (13th to 15th Century)

Cultural Environment

Historians generally define the periodization of the history of Western Europe during the Middle Ages into three eras: the Early Middle Ages (5th-11th Centuries AD); the High Middle Ages (1000-1300 AD); and the Late Middle Ages (1300-1500). Construction of the great Gothic cathedrals began during the High Middle Ages, which was an era that experienced a "dramatic re-emergence of urban life and an increasing sophistication in secular culture" (Singman xi). Major events in the High Middle Ages include the conquest of England by the Normans in 1066, the conflict between the popes and emperors for political control of Europe, and the Crusades. Indeed, the very idea of Europe during…. [read more]

James Fenimore Cooper the Life and Times Term Paper

… James Fenimore Cooper

The Life and Times of James Fenimore Cooper

Sometimes people find their niche in life because they know what they want to do from an early age and pursue educational and vocational opportunities that will help them achieve it. Others, though, seem to stumble onto success and this appears to be the case with James Fenimore Cooper who became a writer either out of necessity or by accident, depending on which account one believes, but the fact remains this author continues to delight modern readers with his vivid accounts of life in the early American frontier. To determine how Cooper achieved this lofty achievement, this paper provides a brief biography of the author, a review of some of his major works, and…. [read more]

HIV and AIDS Term Paper


What PURPOSE does CONTINUED theorizing and research about HIV and AIDS serve according to Robert Root Bernstein?

When Robert Root Bernstein first wrote his book Rethinking AIDS in 1993, long before the existence of the life-prolonging current 'cocktail' of retroviral drugs, a diagnosis of AIDS or HIV-positive status was widely considered a death sentence in the scientific and medical community. Despite this common cultural perception, however, Bernstein noted that many HIV positive persons continued to remain healthy, despite their infected status. They were regarded as medical curiosities more than representative case studies. Bernstein thinks that such an attitude demonstrates the narrow-minded attitude about AIDS and the HIV virus within the medical community. The early assumption that AIDS and HIV were inexorably intertwined lead to…. [read more]

Confucianism Leadership Happiness and Independence Term Paper

… Confucianism: Leadership, Happiness and Independence

When we talk about Confucius and his teachings, let us remember that there are no clear documents that we are talking about recording Confucius and his teachings. What we have are only the writings by others, and often the writings are also not direct. So we are really talking about the beliefs of a group of persons in an era, rather than a complete direct philosophy. The biases in Confucian philosophy should also be viewed in that light.

The methods of finding factors about a set of teachings can come only from studies of the teacher and his teachings. This was the method adopted.

The development of the history of Confucius is itself interesting. The biography of Confucius which Sse-Ma…. [read more]

Biology Dunne, Vanessa and Maselli, Ricardo Thesis

… Biology

Dunne, Vanessa and Maselli, Ricardo a. (2004). Common founder effect of rapsyn N88K studied using intragenic markers. The Japan Society of Human Genetics and Springer-Verlag. 8 June 2004.

Many researchers believe that the rapsyn N88K gene, which has links to the preponderance of congenital myasthenic syndrome, is derived from a common founder effect, much as many other singularly associated genetic mutations. To date no definitive answer has been found in other research in regard to this hypothesis, but the authors of this article believe that by the use and observation of intragenic markers they may prove this to be the case.

Common founder effect is the minimization of a particular gene pool that creates a particular type of genetic drifting. This drifting in founder…. [read more]

Music Education or Cross Platform Development Term Paper

… Music Education or Cross Platform Development

Pitch is commonly mistaken for being a term which is analogous to frequency; however, pitch is actually based on perception. Pitch is the human perception of the frequency of a musical note. (Heresiarch 2005) While pitch is related to the frequency, or physical rate of vibration in a sound wave, it is distinctly different.

The current standardized relationship between pitch and frequency is that the note a above middle C. sounds like a 440 Hz tone. In a musical context, the exact frequency of a note is far less important than its relationship to other notes. Numerous systems exist for defining the relationship between notes in a scale, usually involving a fixed frequency ratio between successive notes. The chromatic…. [read more]

Secular Humanism Research Proposal

… Secular Humanism

The rise and influence of Secular Humanism in the 20th century


Brief Overview of the Antecedents of Secular Humanism

The Enlightenment and Renaissance

Political and Economic Factors

The Modern Era

Historical aspects; The Formalism of Secular Humanism

The Role of Science

Secularization in the West

Influential Thinkers

Secular Humanism in the Twentieth Century and its Crisis

The Influence of Secular Humanism

The phenomenon of secular humanism is a central facet of the constitution and character of contemporary Western culture and society. The modern development of this ideology or worldview has progressed from the humanism of the Enlightenment to the particle style of secular humanism that we find in the twentieth century. This cultural phenomenon became a dominant social and cultural force during…. [read more]

Philosophy Analyzing Rembrandt Research Paper

… Thus the painting is a conversation between poetry and philosophy across time. Both men in the painting were Greek, so there is some similarity in culture. This is an interesting consideration if we consider the painting a conversation. Imagine a conversation between American culture in the 17th century and the 21st century in a painting. It would be an intriguing juxtaposition and consideration. This kind of consideration occurs in Rembrandt's painting within Greek culture. Furthermore, it is clear that the painting conveys that there is a conversation between poetry and philosophy. Philosophy and poetry are related and connected; they converse and they appreciate each other. Philosophy respects poetry and has admiration for it. Philosophy remembers poetry and integrates what is poetic into the practice and…. [read more]

Europe Transformed 1500-1800? Discuss Political and Religious Term Paper

… ¶ … Europe transformed 1500-1800? Discuss political and religious fragmentation, the creation of monarchies and the genesis of nations, the rise of capitalism, and the rise of secularism, science and technology. Why did Europe progress along this unique pattern of development and what was the impact for world history?

Economic, Social and Religious changes in Europe (1500-1800) and their influences on the modern society

This period of 1500-1800 could be characterized by intense modifications in the structure and the operation of the economic, social and religious system in Europe. Structural changes and reforms represent ideas which would constitute a premise for what Europe, and the world in its assembly, has managed to become today.

Europe played an important on the history of human kind for…. [read more]

Weber's Analysis of Vocation Term Paper

… Often, Weber notes, the most meritorious academic does not win out, rather, much like "papal elections," the "cardinal who is said to be the 'favorite' only rarely has a chance to win out. The rule is rather that the Number Two cardinal or the Number Three wins out." But what must be fostered is excellence of Number One, not merely the most acceptable individual -- excellence and inspiration. "Inspiration in the field of science by no means plays any greater role, as academic conceit fancies, than it does in the field of mastering problems of practical life by a modern entrepreneur. On the other hand, and this also is often misconstrued, inspiration plays no less a role in science than it does in the realm…. [read more]

Biology Qs Microbes Exist All Around Us Thesis

… Biology Qs

Microbes exist all around us, and despite our rampant use of antibacterial sap most of them are actually still willing to help us out in a variety of ways. Certain bacteria like E. coli and other microorganisms in our intestines are essential to our digestion, helping to break down the food we eat so we can process it. There are also other food benefits performed by microbes; yeast is necessary for bread and the various species of Lactobacillus are used to ferment foods like yogurt, cheese, and of course, beer. Certain bacteria, like the Thermus aquaticus, also produce enzymes that are essential to cell functions, and can also be cultured in laboratories to collect large samples of certain enzymes for use in scientific…. [read more]

Scientific Explanation Essay

… Once philosophers started to see scientific knowledge as the only real knowledge, and Frege's new logic - which promised to become the new scientific language - became more widely known, there were few remaining philosophical tasks; foremost was to describe precisely what science is, what scientists do, and what the underlying logic of science is. The project went as follows: enumerate the various scientific tasks, and then ascertain that there is a clear "conceptual analysis" of each one. What are the tasks of science? Among the things that scientists, qua scientists, do are make predictions, discover laws of nature, formulate theories, assert probabilities, propose hypotheses, set taxonomies, and offer explanations.

Similar questions can be asked of the term "explanation." Offering a scientific explanation of a…. [read more]

Fleeting Nature of Time Research Paper

… Fleeting Nature of Time

From the point-of-view of humanity, time is unforgiving and everything in the surrounding environment is subjected to time. Aging and death are just two of the concepts frequently associated with time. The modern ages have brought along a series of factors influencing the passing of time, making people obsessed with spending their time in the best possible ways. The expression "I've got all the time in the world" is certainly not appropriate for the present, as decades fly as if they were seconds. In the era of speed, when the sound speed barrier is already a thing of the past, time should be the one dimension that humanity has managed to change in its favor. Yet, things are looking quite in…. [read more]

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