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Gangs and Violence in Schools Term Paper

… Gangs and Violence in Schools

In the past several years, there has been a theatrical raise of gang's dilemma in smaller cities, towns, and villages. In 1999, sixty six percent of large cities, forty seven percent of inhabited regions, twenty seven percent of small cities and eighteen percent of rural districts stated active youth gangs but a small number of adolescent people join gangs in highly impacted regions. The amount of participation has rarely surpassed over ten percent. Additionally, it has also been reported that less than two percent of all youthful misdemeanor are connected with various gangs. However, such gangs play a major role on schools. Aggression in the schools has gradually increased a lot. Since 1978, a study of National Institute of Education…. [read more]

Gang Programs: Understanding Gang Growth and Membership Characteristics Term Paper


Gang Growth and Membership, Characteristics of Gang Members, Gang Programs

Current Status, Historical Growth, and Projected Trends of Gangs

Current Research on Gang Formation and its Implications

Identification and Classification of Types of Gangs and their Influence

Street Gangs

Prison Gangs

Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs

Juvenile Gangs

Hispanic Gangs

Asian gangs

Internationally Gangs

Assessment of Programs Policies to Respond to Gang Activities

Primary Prevention Program

Secondary prevention

Tertiary Prevention Program

Synthesizing Relevant Issues in Gang Formation and Recommendations




Fundamental objective of this project is to explore the gang growth and membership, characteristics of gang members, and gang programs. The research explores the history of gangs, gang classifications and various programs used to address…. [read more]

Gang Violence Essay

… When a light sentence is handed down by a court, it shows the offense has a low priority and that is wrong, Pollack asserts. Typically, a gun-related murder in Chicago follows this equation: "Two young men + stupid beef [grudge or argument] + gun = dead body" (Coates, p. 6).

How are Christians supposed to address gang / gun violence?

The Christian Science Monitor presents a Christian perspective of the increased gang violence in Chicago. God's presence is felt even in "urban wasteland" neighborhoods with "boarded-up homes" -- and the "goodness" from Christian-based creative ideas can break through "repetitive thought patterns" (Carlson, 2012). In other words, Christians should confront hatred and violence because it is within God's authority to do so; and humans have "God's…. [read more]

Gangs and Gang-Related Activities Thesis

… Education is one of the most important solutions to the problem of gangs, gang violence, and drug abuse. During my interview with Nick Parker, he made it clear that if he had a mentor or leader to help guide him in school and prevent him from dropping out, he might not have joined the gangs. In Snitch, the kids are diverted from school and they could have succeeded in school if they had avoided gang life. Education and awareness are important, but it is more important to have concrete means to avoid gangs. Participating in community life and healthy activities means that gang life needs to become socially unacceptable by young people, while healthy activities need to become normative. When fewer young people are interested…. [read more]

Gangs Drugs and Violence Term Paper

… Gangs, Drugs and Violence

Compartmentalized Legalization of Drugs: An Answer to Drug Related Gang Violence

Although there are a number of turbulent issues that plague the streets of inner cities throughout the United States of America, one of the most recurring and prevalent of those problems stems from the intrinsic link between gangs, drugs, and the violence that inevitably erupts with this lethal combination. The true source of this problem, of course, lies with the federal government, which is largely responsible for the importation and the allowance of illegal substances such as cocaine, heroin and angel dust, as well as of the many varieties of high-powered firearms that are used to enforce the trafficking of such product. Regardless of the true origin of this problem,…. [read more]

Gang Prevention as Education Levels Essay

… These programs have had success in the past because it emphasizes the need to reroute the thinking of many of the individuals residing in lower income communities. They are trained to think that violence is not the only means for survival, despite the contradiction from their environment and surroundings.

The need to educate the public on gang crime prevention does not solely exist in the communities that are constantly battling gang violence; the need also exists in suburban or middle to upper class communities. Much of the lack of support toward improving the educational system in the inner city communities is due to the misunderstanding of the aspects that lead to gang formation in the first place. Because most of these urban communities are occupied…. [read more]

Violence in Public Schools Essay

… A child's normal development can be hindered when the child is bullied -- and that hindrance can carry into adulthood, Horne explains; in fact early childhood bullying can become a "risk factor for adolescents' suicidal behavior" (68). And teachers in elementary school can usually identify a student who will later "…exhibit delinquency and criminal behavior" that is true because elementary school bullies often grow into offenders during their adolescent and young adult years (Horne, 68).

School Violence -- Forms of Bullying

Dorothy Espelage and Susan Swearer edited a book titled Bullying in North American Schools (Second Edition); they define bullying as a "complex phenomenon," deserving of being linked with school violence (Espelage, et al., 2004, 3). Research on bullying indicates that it is a "discriminatory…. [read more]

Gangs as Culture and Subculture Essay

… If we do not know much about them, how can we effectively combat their dangerous activities? Esbensen et al. explicate as to why the lack of knowledge about gangs can be dangerous or detrimental:

For example, research on the extent and nature of the gang problem faces three possible outcomes: (1) accurately stating the gang problem with the best definition for the research question, (2) underestimating it with a far too narrow definition, or (3) overestimating it if the definition is too broad, capturing individuals, groups, and behavior that are of little interest to the intended audience. (Esbensen et al., 2001,-Page 106)

Defining and agreeing upon what a gang is central to intervention efficacy with the support of public policy.

When dealing with gangs, a…. [read more]

Gangs Since the 1980S Term Paper

… Whether or not an individual claims to be "just reporting" these active decisions must be made and add up to the effect of a very conscious methodology for creating news stories. In this sense, the news, if not as subject to personal construction as fiction, still possesses a very heavy element of personal creation above and beyond so-called "objective" reportage.

As Herbert Gans points out in his book Deciding What's News, journalists do have a very significant effect on the creation of news stories based on what sorts of decisions they make about covering a specific story:

That structure is not solely a figment of the analyst's work, for journalists, being unable to report everything that happened... must select some actors and activities from many…. [read more]

Gang Rape on Facebook Essay

… It seems unlikely that if the group had been taught to treat women with sexual respect and to take responsibility for the consequences of sex, that even a group-mentality would have caused 19 men to assault an eleven-year-old child.


Falkenberg, L. (2011, March 17). All that matters about victim: She is a child;; Attorney: A

revolting strategy at work. Houston Chronicle, p. A1.

Horswell, C. (2011, March 11). Cleveland on edge after rape charges;; Racial tensions that simmered before alleged assault now at a boil;; Case: Quannell X claims race a factor in some arrests. Houston Chronicle, p. A1.

Horswell, C. (2011, March 27). A look at 19 accused in rape of girl:: Group charged in Cleveland has some with clean records, other known…. [read more]

Gang Membership Multiple Chapters

… Gang Membership

A gang involves persons who have a similar identity and have a common purpose. A gang as per the description is just an association of people. However, the word is so much associated with specific groups whose intentions and activities are criminal in nature (Cummings, 1993). Thus with time the definition has changed to a group of such individuals perpetrate crime.

There are different types of gangs, a delinquent youth gang, is a loosely prearranged group of young persons, usually juveniles, and/or young adults who participate in undesirable behavior frequently attract attention from authority. A traditionally turf-based gang, is loosely structured group that is usually committed to just preventing or protecting its status as a group. It is mainly associated with territories and…. [read more]

Violence in the Media TV Movies and Video Games Research Paper

… Violence in the Media and Children

Violence in media has become a serious problem. Children are heavily exposed to violence in films, TV shows, and video games from their early ages. This heavy exposure to violence may lead to aggressive and violent behavior, encouraging children to see violence as normal. And because of the popularity of violence in media and the fact that children today represent a very lucrative market, the entertainment industry takes advantage of this situation by targeting children for their products that glorify violence. In essence, the producers of violent media content and video games are guilty of child exploitation. To address the problem, the public needs greater regulation of violence in media to protect children.

Violence in Media: Why Greater Regulation…. [read more]

Gang Violence in Canada Essay

… S. It has been reported that in Canada in 2008, 1 in 4 homicides committed were gang-related, an 9% increase from 16% in 2005 ("Gangs and Guns").

Though gang violence is not exclusive to aboriginal gangs, violence and crime committed by these gangs has risen in recent years. Aboriginal gangs in Canada have gained prominence in the media due to their involvement in violent shootings and slayings, as well as their involvement in the 2009 Vancouver gang war (Bolan). Aboriginal gangs often participate in drug distribution, prostitution and theft. At a recent conference, it was predicted that aboriginal youth gang membership was going to double within the next ten years. Though aborigines only make up 2.8% of the Canadian population, they make up 18% of…. [read more]

Gangs Violence Stemming From Drugs Term Paper

… ¶ … gang violence, focusing on drug-related violence committed by gangs. It attempts to analyze the major causes behind such violence and whether the trend of gang violence is on the increase. The communities and demographic population in which such violence is most likely to occur is also discussed besides looking at certain possible ways of preventing or lessening gang violence.

The disturbing phenomenon of gang violence in the inner American cities has been a major concern of parents, communities, and the law-enforcing agencies for many years. Of late, several studies indicate that the nature of gang violence has changed, with lethal violence being more likely related to the drug trade than to gang rivalries. One such study shows that drug related violence represents between…. [read more]

Prison Gang Is a Select Essay

… This is why they fight with and manufacture improvised weapons. Gangs make prison corridors an extension of the streets where they battle over tuff and drug territory. Because of security lapses, these gangs make lethal improvised weapons behind the bars which are used to threaten and carry out violence. It is mind boggling how authorities would allow religious organizations whose activities influence manufacture of improvised weapons behind bars to continue operating within the prisons (Fleisher & Decker, 2001). Facilities exposed to the religious organizations like World Church of Creator (WCOTC) tend to have two-fold increase in weapons production. In fact, correctional facilities that have access to their literature have a weapon production problem of over 70% (Knox, 2005). It is worrying to know that with…. [read more]

Gang Activity in the United States Term Paper

… ¶ … Gang Activity in the United States

In the post-September 11, 2001 world, many Americans believe the nation is under siege by enemies from abroad, when the harsh reality of the situation is that the country is being attacked from within by hardcore gangs. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning the Aryan Brotherhood, Black Guerilla Family, the Folk Nation, the Mexican Mafia, and MS 13 to develop an overview of each gang, including its history and founders, their basic beliefs and missions, and the geographic regions where they are strongest. An examination of recent trends in the membership of these gangs is followed by an analysis of the specific impact of these groups on the correctional system. A discussion concerning…. [read more]

Gangs: Coercion and Prevention Essay

… These events will not only promote a sense of fun, but also a sense of community and activities that can be enjoyable while also being safe and harm free. In addition, positive family role models will also help young children to build a strong sense of morality which would not need to be replaced by gang loyalty or violence-related honor.

In other words, parents need to take responsibility for promoting these role-model images by displaying appropriate behavior while also relating to children in a way that will emphasize a proactive, non-violent way of resolving conflicts, abstaining from substances, and the like. On the basis of such strong family relationships, it is less likely that children will succumb to coercion methods without seeking the help of…. [read more]

Drugs and Violence Research Paper

… In order to eliminate this problem from the society the authorities should first take into consideration the point-of-view of the victims. With the help of scientific approaches and proper law and order structure societies can eliminate this evil from the community life and can reduce the rate of violence against women, child abuse, gang wars and other crimes to a great extent. (Rosa, Lambert & Gropper, 1990)


Atkinson, A., Anderson, Z., Hughes, K., Bellis, M.A., Sumnall, H., & Syed, Q. Liverpool John Moores University, Centre for Public Health. (2009). Interpersonal violence and illicit drugs. Retrieved from Liverpool John Moores University website:

Centre for Substance Abuse Prevention, (n.d.). Alcohol and other drugs. Retrieved from Centre for Substance Abuse Prevention website:

Friedman, A.S., Glassman,…. [read more]

Gangs of New York Film Research Paper

… The weak and underprivileged in the society encounters numerous social problems from those with strong muscles in the society, in terms of economical and political phenomenon.

In my opinion, this film is effective in addressing racism and ethnicity issues because the setting of the movie and the period is similar to the periods when such evils occurred. In addition, the director employs the element of realism, in that, every activity going on in Five Point reflects the real thing happening in societies suffering from ethnicity and racism. Living in a society where there is no peace, equality and all the other human qualities is risky since it is difficult to determine your destiny.

Everyone has freedom to exercise his rights without any restrictions, as long…. [read more]

Gangs the Problems Term Paper

… On the other hand, the NYGSA data shows that in smaller cities and in rural counties the average age of known gang members tends to be younger. In other words, the more recent the gang start-up is, the more likely that gang has younger members.

Are there gangs with female members? The NYGSA information points to gangs generally being "overwhelmingly" male. However there are females that join gangs, it is just difficult for law enforcement to get a handle on how many. For example, the NYGSA information received from responding law enforcement do not indicate an interest in counting or assessing the number of females in local gangs; less than 15% of law enforcement agencies reported that "none of the gangs in their jurisdictions have…. [read more]

Gang Violence Essay

… Gang Violence

In "Collective and Normative Features of Gang Violence," Decker (1996) examines the sociological origins of gangs and describes the impetus for gang-related violence through a sociological lens. Decker (1996) focuses on "contagion," or the spread of a collective mentality through the group. Contagion refers both to the spread of violent behaviors within one group as well as the spread of violence and gang membership increases across and between different neighborhoods. Decker (1996) also focuses on the issue of threat, and how actual and perceived threats precipitates violent behaviors among gang members. Group cohesiveness and collective behavior are also discussed.

Data was collected from a three-year study conducted in the city of St. Louis, in which the researchers directly contacted gang members for interviews.…. [read more]

Arise Gang Prevention Program Thesis

… ¶ … Gang Prevention Program

"Gangs contain bright boys who do well, bright boys who do less well, and dull boys who pass, dull boys who fail, and illiterates"

(Garabedian & . Gibbons, 2005, p. 26).

In regard to gangs, one never knows what may happen. In the article, "Gang grief: violence wounds teens and communities," Melissa Klein (2009) reports that Chantelle S., a 15-year-old from New York City relates that at times, students become fearful of what may happen when fights break out between rival groups in her high school. These fight lead to lockdowns with increased security in the school. Chantelle said: "It's kind of scary because you never know what can happen" (Chantelle, as cited in Klein, ¶ 1). During this paper,…. [read more]

Gangs in Prison Essay

… Originally started as a means of protecting Salvadoran immigrants from other, more established Los Angeles gangs, MS-13 has blossomed into a massive international organization responsible for "drug distribution, murder, rape, prostitution, robbery, home invasions, immigration offenses, kidnapping, carjackings/auto thefts, and vandalism" ("The MS-13 Threat" 2008). In prison, the gang focuses on control of the drug trade, "primarily powder cocaine and marijuana," and according to the FBI, MS-13 is expanding its membership at a "moderate" rate through recruitment and migration ("The MS-13 Threat" 2008). While the gang's base of operations was originally Los Angeles, recently "law enforcement officials have reported increased coordination of criminal activity among Mara Salvatrucha cliques in the Atlanta, Dallas, Los Angeles, Washington, D.C., and New York metropolitan areas" ("National Gang Threat Assessment,"…. [read more]

Gang Violence Interventions: Pulling Levers Research Paper

… Between 1990 and 1997 Stockton had averaged 35 homicides per year and it was believed that a significant percentage of these were due to gang activities (Braga, 2008, p. 334). A working group was formed in the fall of 1997 and a pulling levers strategy was implemented and maintained until the end of 2002. Over the next four years the average homicide rate dropped to 18.75 per year, representing a nearly 50% reduction. Using a Poisson regression model, which controlled for a number of confounding variables, the pulling levers program accounted for a statistically significant 42% decrease in gun homicides (p = 0.045; Braga, 2008, p. 338). When compared to homicide trends in other similarly-sized California cities, Stockton was the only city that experienced a…. [read more]

Gangs This Is a Guideline and Template Thesis

… Gangs

This is a guideline and template. Please do NOT use as a final turn-in paper.

Russian Mafia and Japanese Yakuza

The similarity of the two Mafioso is that both are heavily into the financial aspects of criminal activity. The Yakuza has spent a good deal of time and effort making headway into the financial and banking systems of Japan. The Russian mafia, in some cases using the Yakuza as a model, has also penetrated the financial and economic aspects of Russia's top levels of government.

The Russian Mafia developed out of the fall of the U.S.S.R. Today there are several thousand Russian gangs of mobsters that have penetrated the top governing councils of former Soviet republics as well as the financial aspects and economy…. [read more]

Local Gangs Part I Research Essay

… The crime activity consisted of 39% assaults, 27% aggravated assaults, 8% attempted homicide, and 4% homicide. Passaic reported 21% in gang related homicide. Violent crime was more likely attributed to the Bloods at 58%. Gangs involved in theft crimes were 38%, with robbery at 70%, burglary 42%, vehicle theft 33%, and shoplifting at 31%. Narcotic crimes consisted of 44% marijuana sales, 37% cocaine sales, and 28% heroine sales.

Some law enforcement officials questioned the results of the survey, claiming the survey results were not consistent with the number of gang related arrests (Fabiano, 2011). The survey indicated a strong presence of Blood and Crip gangs, but officials state a strong presence of Latin King as well. Another problem mentioned was the significant problem of illegal…. [read more]

Gangs: A Socio-Historical Study Thanks to Popular Research Proposal

… Gangs: A Socio-Historical study

Thanks to popular forms of media, gangs have been depicted different ways (Branch, 1997). Such portrayals of gang members have ranged from the glamorization to the dangers of their lifestyle (Branch, 1997). Gangs are feared and their members are seen as menaces to society. They are often held responsible not only for attracting violence where they go but also for provoking it.

Nevertheless, there are various aspects of the gang that the media fails to show and many are unaware of (Branch, 1997). Gangs that have persisted throughout history and still exist in today's society are well-organized systems, which command from their members undying loyalty and commitment to the group and, in return, their members are given a sense of security…. [read more]

Gangs Brotherton and Barrios' Assessment Term Paper

… The authors assert that studies on urban violence such as the creation and perpetuation of gangs will not become relevant "without acknowledging a shred of agency at the individual, group, or community levels." This assertion means that studies on gang and gang membership and behavior is reinforced not only because the members wanted to have a group to identify with, but their social reality makes it imperative for them to join gangs. The authors mention the present set of policies concerning community support and social services for members of the minority in the American society, people who comprise most gangs such as ALKQN. They argue that "... The prosocial activities of the ALKQN help us to see more clearly the resistance of dominant society to…. [read more]

Gangs Relating to Gangs of New York Movie Term Paper

… Gangs of New York: A Study in Social Problems

Gangs of New York is a disturbing film about New York City during the Civil War era. The story revolves around "the son of Priest Fallon." Priest Fallon was a Roman Catholic Irish immigrant who was killed fighting against "The Natives," a gang that hated all minorities. After seeing his father killed, the son grows up in "Hellgate," a reformatory for boys, and returns to Five Points to avenge his father's death. He infiltrates "The Natives" and gains the trust of their leader. The story deals with his struggle against the Butcher, the brutal man who killed his father and who now runs everything in the area ("Everybody works for him, even Boss Tweed"). While this…. [read more]

School Violence in South Africa Term Paper

… ¶ … violence at schools in South Africa has assumed grave proportions. While the issue of violence at schools is contemporary and endemic to many countries in the West, the situation in South Africa is problematized by the history of the country and the legacy of the Apartheid period. Consequently, there is a wide variety of interlinking and concomitant issues and causative factors that make this issue a complex but particularly relevant area of research.

Therefore, the topic under consideration in this study will be the various aspects surrounding the issue of violence at schools in South Africa. This will include not only a concern with underlying historical and social factors, such as pervasive inequality and the legacy of the Apartheid regime, but will also…. [read more]

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