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Politics of Gender and Sexuality in Aristophanes Lysistrata Term Paper

… Gender and Sexuality

New Criticism: Gender and Sexuality in Aristophanes' Lysistrata

Aristophanes' Lysistrata is one of the eleven plays penned by the playwright that has survived over time. The original performance of this production occurred in classical Athens reportedly in 411 BC

Lysistrata is considered a comedy; an account of one woman's unique goal and desire to end the Peloponnesian War. During the course of the play, Lysistrata is able to persuade the women of Greece to withhold any form of sexual satisfaction from their lovers and husbands as a tool designed to force the men to negotiate peace

This suggested strategy, however, incites the battle between the men and women. Because of the use of sex, issues raised with regard to gender, and addressing…. [read more]

Feminists Critique of International Relations the Gendered Politics of International War and Peace Research Paper

… Gender and International Relations

International Relations in perspective

Gendered issues in the realm of International Relations have not been widely discussed, questioned or researched until recently, according to author Jill Steans. The reason for this lack of investigation into gender and International Relations, Steans explains, is not necessarily based on bias against females or chauvinism to any degree. To wit, historically, the study of International Relations has been focused on relationship between sovereign states, and since the "processes" and the "structures" of relations between states were not understood on the basis of gender, there seemed no link in that regard (Steans, 1998, p. 1)

. However, feminist scholars in the field of International Relations have in recent years pointed to the fact that while, "frequently…. [read more]

Gender and Western Art: Gentileschi, Picasso, Chicago Essay

… But it is worth noting that, unlike older models for a war memorial, Lin is here reincorporating the domestic element: what is included here is a roll-call of names of the dead, the sort of thing that would be put together on the home front by those receiving news that their son had been killed in action. Beyond that, however, Lin's work is remarkably understated -- it effaces grandiose gestures in an effort to register quiet grief and gravitas. It is therefore suited to the contentious Vietnam conflict -- which ended ambiguously, and was conducted under vigorous domestic protest in America -- insofar as it does not heroize or glamorize the dead or the conflict in which they died. Instead it seems like a public…. [read more]

Gender and War From a Feminist Perspective Essay

… Gender and War From a Feminist Perspective

The classic notion that women are weak and unfit for battle riddles gender politics, and this has many times dictated the treatment of women over the course of time. Women, who, in history -- have traditionally been the purveyors of nurturing, providers of sustenance, and individuals who give life to children, both male and female -- are often victims of a worser fate in war, although some good can come out of bad situations. Women must deal with rape, and suffer savage inequalities; however, the one positive aspect that can be found within this context is the oral history of women in war (also known as testimonial literature or testimonial journalism).

Rape is possibly one of the most…. [read more]

Post-Feminist Society Contemporary Feminist Advocacy Essay

… Indeed, a 20-year-old college student interviewed by USA Today stated that it is "unattractive" for a woman to talk about feminism and will earn her a reputation of being "pushy, problematic or troublesome" (Goudreau, 2011).

The one thing that has not changed in the intervening years since the political became personal is that some women participate in organizations, while others focus on having conversations and not talking points. A substantial amount of the activism of young feminists occurs online. That said, formal organizations for younger feminists are cropping up. The Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF) and the Feminist Majority Foundation Alliance (FMFA) utilize a university campus venue to inform young feminists about women's rights issues. The focus of FMF is very much grassroots, but the group…. [read more]

Gender in Fowles and Mcewan Essay

… But it is also a class marker -- we may note that the introduction of women into the fine arts was to a large degree accomplished by the Bloomsbury Group, whose women (including Virginia Woolf, Vanessa Bell, Dora Carrington and Margery Fry) were able to lead lives of "bohemian" artistic liberation largely because they came from a social class higher than Miranda's own. Miranda instead seems more like the later cliche of art student as out of touch bourgeois who art entails something out of touch with proletarian reality: not unlike the female art student depicted in precisely those terms by Jarvis Cocker in "Common People" at a much later date (which I invoke not for its literary value, but for its ability to register…. [read more]

Sociology and Feminist Theories Term Paper

… Of particular interest to the casual observer are the differences in relational dynamics and social interaction and perception between African-Americans and white Americans. African-American societies are by far one of the most dominant societies in the U.S., and have also been subject to different stereotypes and stigmas that have been existing for many years.

In fact, racial and gender differences are the most common forms of stratification that society tends to look in an individual. In the case of the American experience, African-American males are perceived differently by society as compared to white American males and females, as well as African-American females. In Myra and David Sadker's article entitled, "The Miseducation of Boys: Changing the Script," the authors discuss the significance of race and gender…. [read more]

Marxist Perspective for Understanding Society Essay

… Its limitations have been pointed out by scholars of race and gender studies and by Marxists themselves. Through these critiques, Marxism has been enriched. It still focuses on the critique of Capitalism but also looks at different components of the Capitalist system and tries to explain a greater variety of social functions.


Andreou, C. (1998) In Defense of Marx's Account of the Nature of Capitalist Exploitation. Philosophy of Economics. Retrieved on 5 Nov. 2011, from

Bohmer, P. (1998) Marxist Theory of Racism and Racial Inequality. Retrieved on 5 Nov. 2011, from

Burns, E. (2011) Virtual University: What is Marxism? Capitalism's Imperialist Stage. The Greanville Post. Retrieved on 5 Nov. 2011, from

Gimenez, M. (2001). Marxism, and class, gender, and race: Rethinking…. [read more]

Feminist Drama and Performance Timberlake Wertenbaker Research Proposal

… Timberlake

Feminist Drama: Two Plays by Timberlake Wertenbaker

Theatrical performance, beginning in the nineteenth century and continuing through the twentieth and into our current era, has been at the forefront of social and political change. This has been arguably true of the art from during other epochs of human history, but has been most noticeable in the modern age. Issues of class, race, sexuality, and gender were first truly explicitly dealt with in plays such as Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House and Ghosts, George Aiken's stage adaptaion of Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, and other examples of nineteenth and early twentieth century realism such as Strindberg's Miss Julie and even, to a degree, the more serious works of Anton Chekov. The change in…. [read more]

Half the Sky Research Paper

… Kristoff and Wudunn are no doubt feminists in their own terms. But by ignoring the theoretical and conceptual nuances of feminist scholarship, they have weakened their otherwise worthy argument. They justify their moral outrage by providing facts and statistics, but they do not provide strong analysis in addressing the "why" question and offering solutions.

Works Cited:

Einstein, Zillah. Global Obscenities: Patriarchy, Capitalism, and the Lure of Cyberfantasy. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

Harvey, David. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Print.

Healing, Raven. "White Stockings and Black Widows: Women in Chechnya -- Myths and Realities." Off Our Backs 35.3/4 (2005): 44-47. Web. 22 Oct. 2011. JSTOR.

Kristoff, D. Nicholas, and Sheryl Wudunn. Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into…. [read more]

Feminist Lit the Changing Views Essay

… Feminist Lit

The Changing Views of the Feminine in Early Twentieth Century American Literature

The history of Western civilization -- and Eastern, for that matter -- can be seen by one perspective as the history of patriarchal dominance and the subjugation and objectification of women. The vast majority of recognized historical figures, from governmental and military leaders to artists, scientists, and well-known philosophers and thinkers are male, which to our modern sensibilities shows a clear gender-based prejudice against the female sex. The fact that women were not similarly recognized for their achievements with an equal regularity cannot simply be put down to male rejection of the significance of such achievements, however; the actual implications of Western history's patriarchal focus are much more profound and far…. [read more]

War Against Boys - Jonah Goldberg Term Paper

… War against Boys - Jonah Goldberg

In this article, author Jonah Goldberg argues that a "war against boys" has resulted in disturbing changes in the schoolyard. Competition has been eliminated, in favor of encouraging everyone's participation and avoiding hurt feelings. Goldberg rails against this "touchy-feely" environment, one that curbs young boys' natural tendency towards competition and therefore prevents them from growing into men. Borrowing heavily from Christina Hoff Sommers' The War Against Boys, Goldberg lays the blame for this horror of a schoolyard squarely at the feet of "academic feminists" who have turned boys into an "endangered species."

The author therefore subscribes to the idea that the advancement of the rights and needs of girls somehow constitutes a war against boys. Goldberg believes that the…. [read more]

Gender and Space Term Paper

… Gender and Space in the Burlington Arcade

The scholar Jane Rendell asserts in her essay entitled "Industrious Females' and 'Professional Beauties'" that when discussing the ways that physical space is 'gendered,' it is common to assume that patriarchy constructs domestic space as entirely 'female' and the public, commercial space of commerce as entirely 'male.' However, one challenge to this set of assumptions can be found in the form of shopping areas, where most employees and customers are female. Rendell examines one relatively affluent district in 19th century London, known as the Burlington Arcade. This area, rather than simply constructed as male, was depicted in the literature of the time as a safe place for females to move freely about, and do their shopping. To deal…. [read more]

Art Abjection of the Body Term Paper

… Therefore women represented in those methods are indeed monstrous. Femininity altogether is monstrous because the conception of the female and of feminine are narrow and horrific both from the perspective of traditional masculinity, for women who occupy space on that spectrum, and especially for women such as Haraway, Kristeva, and Creed who seek disruption and liberation from these constrictions. Feminism then is an effort to abject-ify (as opposed to objectify) traditional conceptions of the body and of the gender, with particular respect to women. Feminism is the effort to make the stereotypes what are monstrous not the true and full expressions of women, of what is female, and of what is feminine. The old and traditional views of the female and the feminine abject what…. [read more]

Willa Cather's O Pioneers and the Frontier Female Roles Term Paper

… ¶ … woman who has the qualities and merits that enable her to break the fence of gender roles in her society. This woman is a character from a novel, but she exemplifies all the groundbreaking steps that women took in the late nineteenth century, in order to pave the way for suffrage and women's equality. It is important to study the framework of women during this time in American history, because it helps to illuminate the patterns that constructed the first real human rights movement for gender equality, which had express, expedient, and unequivocal political goals. Furthermore, this analysis reveals the specific ways that historical context and social milieu converge, as the character under analysis was a lone female pioneer in the American West.…. [read more]

Domestic Prison Gender Roles Thesis

… 19). Most of her early biographers also failed to realize that her work was heavily based on family and personal experiences, including the lives of her mother and grandmother. One of these ancestor stories, "Athenaise" was based on her grandmother's unhappy marriage to a man who deserted her and left her in poverty to raise seven children on her own. The fictional story features one of Gilman's ironic reversals, however, and has the wife desert her husband and striking out on her own to live with the Cherokees in Indian Territory.

American realism and naturalism were at their high point during the three decades after the Civil War, and among its leading luminaries were Mark Twain, Stephen Crane and Henry James. Chopin certainly fits within…. [read more]

Women's Studies Feminist Third Wave Essay

… It is explicitly personal in its orientation, reflecting the common trope of the feminist movement that the personal is political, but it also acknowledges the emotional power of the other side, rather than simply presents the familiar issue from a hackneyed perspective. Identity politics and finding one's self are clearly still important to feminism, although stories of abortion can now be conveyed with more subtle moral nuance.

Bust is even more irreverent and less explicitly political than Bitch. One of its stories has nothing to do with feminism per se, but instead focuses upon the drag queen RuPaul's recently-staged 'drag race' and a rose petal jam doughnut recipe. The magazine's website is brightly colored in strong pinks, and while it does contain some substantive articles,…. [read more]

Gender Wars Term Paper

… It is a different matter that they might be in love with them for their own good. All in all, they understand the problems that might arise due to men movement and take certain measures in order to eradicate the very same.


The men involved in men movement are basically not all the divorced fathers or for that reason victims of their wives living with the feminist approach so very close to their hearts. Men, in the present era have started to become more and more active in understanding the rationales behind this kind of movement and they have started to see what is right and what is wrong. Nevertheless, efforts on their part have begun to turn the wrongs…. [read more]

Anthropology Review and Critique: Gender Term Paper

… This again is the value of a book like this, giving worldly cultural perspective and knowledge to the student who lives in America.

NUMBER THREE: Articles dealing with male gender roles.

The essay by Gilbert H. Herdt discusses the role of males in the fascinating Third World culture of the Sambia mountain people in Papua New Guinea ("Rituals of Manhood: Male Initiation in Paupa New Guinea). Boys are removed from the nuclear family in the Sambia culture at seven to ten years of age, and kept in a "men's clubhouse" until marriage - because, as Herdt writes, "strict taboos based on beliefs about menstrual pollution" still keep boys and girls separate.

The uninitiated Westerner might, upon reading about "menstrual pollution," say well, don't these primitive…. [read more]

Kim Chernin and Susan Faludi Term Paper

… She notes that in every schoolyard, girls play only with girls and boys play only with boys. Looking at children in two elementary schools -- a range of children, from Caucasian to Latino, Chicano an African-American -- Thorne suggests that gender identity is a social process involving groups of children. Children divide themselves, and are divided by adults, into gender lines. Thorne analyzes the seemingly innocent, perennial game of "cooties," where children contaminate each other by touching another child after a chase, and also immunize themselves with cootie "vaccinations" and "sprays." This seemingly innocent play hides a deeper gender war that is taking place: more girls than boys get cooties, and some children end up as "cootie queens" or "cootie girls" -- untouchables marked for…. [read more]

Solitude Feminist Crit the Power Essay

… Though she can still tell someone exactly where a missing an item is after more than 100 years and how much money to the penny was spent on the household the previous year; "she began to make mistakes, trying to see with her eyes the things that intuition allowed her to see with greater clarity. One morning to pour the contents of an inkwell over the boy's head thinking it was rose water. She stumbled so much and her insistence and taking part in everything…" (250) It is also not an accident that Garcia Marquez explains her mistakes as if they are a trick of her aged physical vision rather than her actual mind not working the way it should. The author informs the reader…. [read more]

Communication and Gender Term Paper

… Gender & Communication

An Observation of Public Gender Interactions

Over the 4th of July weekend I went with my family to our summer home on the lake in a wooded area. The community there has only about 150 locals who stay year round, but in the summer about 1500 summer residents. The night after we arrived, we went to a little country bar that was built in the 1940s from a Sears-Roebuck kit, set in the woods on a small lake. The inside is knotty pine, dimly lit, and cozy. Three walls are covered with a collection of antique license plates. A sign over the door says "You don't need to talk about yourself -- we'll do that for you after you leave." The fourth…. [read more]

Plays of British Dramatist, Pam Gems Dissertation

… Edith once engages two marines she meets in a pub in a menage a trois; it is possible, that the bartender formed the fourth of this group. There is no indication that Edith is particularly gifted in the art of making love. She just makes her self available as a willing sexual partner. Except with Marcel Cedran, the married boxer, Edith manages to dissociate physical pleasure from any emotional foundations. With Marcel, Edith is truly in love. But this union is not to be. Anecdotes abound, that Edith's jealous sister informs Marcel's wife of her husband's "philandering." Edith's sexual proclivities and escapades are not a manifestation of her femaleness. Her sexual nature transcends gender. It is a flaw in most superstars. In Edith's case, particularly,…. [read more]

Women and Islam Do Muslim Term Paper

… S. government in specific, and governments world over use media representation to their own political benefits as opposed to the benefit of those being imaged as oppressed in the representation. This also indicates that media misrepresentation and use of these images, visual and textual, by governments is widespread.

Findings of the article

The article concludes by observing that the author is a native observant and can effectively narrate and relate to the image of Fatana that has been misrepresented by Armstrong (1997). The author concludes that since Fatana and Naima are very limited in their political empowerment but the popular representation of Muslim women in the media and work of theorists pushes Fatana, Naima, and the likes of the author into a reactive-defense of an…. [read more]

Soldierly Perception of Masculinity Research Paper

… The shift of military and social values has become a permanent trend in Germany after it weakens position in war. Although this change did not happen all of a sudden but many factors were involved in gradually changing the situation, there was still a back way to tackle the hurdles and to restore the previous standards and for these strong, sincere and collective efforts are needed to be carried out by promoting the culture and law.

Some grades this change as a natural process of refusal .If someone has to do some deliberate destruction of a particular religious, racial, political or ethnic group for the purpose of wiping them completely; it will be quite a difficult task to do but it will be possible if…. [read more]

Social Work What Does the 'Partisan Mind Term Paper

… Social Work

What does the 'Partisan Mind' suggest about social work practice, social workers, and the Code of Ethics?

The occupation of social work evolved through the endeavors to address the person-environment relationship in the service of enhancing peoples' lives and assist in the transformation and growth through skilled interventions. The driving forces of Social work are helping needy members of society, improving the welfare of people within their social framework, and addressing the interests of the whole society. By concurrently addressing both the person and the environment, social work is very comprehensive in its approach. It is this context of inclusiveness that makes it becomes challenging to elucidate (National Association and Social Workers, 2008). Even though, social work essentially struggled for a comprehensive integrative…. [read more]

Influence of Women on the Progress of Knowledge Dissertation

… ¶ … Henry Thomas Buckle's original 1858 discourse concerning the contributions of women to the progress of knowledge to determine how relevant these concepts remain today, and to expand on his origins premise that although women reason differently from men, the contributions to the progress of knowledge made by women over the centuries are worthy of further study today. To this end, the study examines different types of knowledge and how women have affected progress in these domains through a critical review of the relevant literature, including open source media such as Wikipedia, but peer-reviewed and scholarly sources as well. A summary of the research and a synthesis of the findings are presented in the study's conclusion concerning the contributions of women to the progress…. [read more]

Social Contracts: Media Articulation Annotated Bibliography

… 174). Moreover, shifts in the popular perception of same-sex marriages will likely be reflected in the content of mainstream media coverage. For instance, Holz-Ivory et al. add that, "When these groups finally do attain visibility, their representation will reflect the biases and interests of those elites who define the public agenda" (2008, p. 174). Just as the gay and lesbian community has used high-profile events such as parades to heighten community awareness, there is a growing recognition among proponents of same-sex marriage that the mainstream media is a key strategic device to gaining support from the "straight" American public. For instance, according to Landau, "Countless communication scholars argue that visibility in mass media is an important goal of the gay and lesbian movement because some…. [read more]

Klare Thirty Years War Michael Assesses Essay

… Klare

Thirty Years War

Michael assesses the current situation of the world as far as energy consumption is concerned. His submission reveals the likelihood of a bloodshed resulting from the thirty years war. The world witnessed such kind of bloodshed between 1618 and 1648 though the one yet to happen is less severe but inevitable. It will be a global contest of succeed or perish pitting major forms of energy, companies that supply them and countries that depend so much on them. The biggest question today however is a concern among stakeholders in the industry about the world's major energy supply during the second half of the 21st century. He attests to the Treaty an assumption by historians that the Treaty of Westphanalia (1948) crystallizes…. [read more]

Nurse Discuss as Well as Compare Thesis

… Nurse

Discuss as well as compare and contrast the use of a seduction plot and the issue of American Identity in Susanna Rowson's early American novel, Charlotte Temple, and Royal Tyler's early American play, The Contrast.

Dominic Florian


The issue of the American female identity is related to a wide range of historical and cultural issues. This paper explores the thesis that a novel such as Rowson's Charlotte Temple was a pivotal element in the establishment of this female identity. The book is analyzed in conjunction with related texts such as Tyler's The Contrast, from the perspective of the role that these works play in the awakening of female consciousness and awareness in the country to the problems and challenges that faced their gender…. [read more]

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