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Gender Inequality Thesis

… Gender Inequality

One of the most accurate definitions of gender was given Ridgeway and colleague (1999) where he explained that gender was simply a structure where by a society was able to define the social differences within people and their relations or socioeconomic stature based on those differences. Even though the word gender is mostly used as a synonym for women but that's not really the case as gender divides men and women into two different categories with different aspects of the social system.

The stature of women within the United States has been, historically speaking, very limited but with the changing times the economic importance and contribution form the women has changed considerably as well. One of the things that these changing times have…. [read more]


Gender Inequality in Hong Kong Essay

… For that reason, women in Hong Kong are over-represented in lesser revenue sectors and unplanned labor. Further, the gender hole in wage has improved in current years and women appear to be much more susceptible when it comes to poverty (Merry, Stern, Deveaux, & Inoue, 2006).

Even though Article 25 of the Basic Law provides that all Hong Kong residents are supposed to equal before the law no matter the situation, many women in Hong Kong do not always feel this way (Kwong, 1999). Additional, article 1 of the Bill of Rights delivers that the rights which are recognized in the Bill can be enjoyed without dissimilarity of any kind, counting sex (Kwong, 1999). Hong Kong has also passed a Sex Discrimination Ordinance that forbids…. [read more]


Gender Roles: Patriarchy Essay

… This definitely goes against the overall motherhood myth and what much of society would like to present to the world at large, particularly women. However, one could also argue that for men, there is also a great deal of pressure: pressure to succeed and to support the family and to protect the family and that such pressures can be debilitating as well.

Thus, if this paper has attempted to prove anything, it has taken the firm stance that when it comes to patriarchy, or society is still a paragon of a patriarchal attitudes, often supported by misogyny. This is not to discount the tremendous strides that women and feminism have made in the last five or so decades, but it does intend to suggest that…. [read more]


Gender Inequality in Education Thesis

… Possible Strategies can include the exclusion of such Curriculum in male dominated society which can change their mindset and the change can come from them.

The need of the moment is that women should be a more active part of the society so that they can help in bringing an overall revolution. The problem of Gender Inequality needs to be realized at every level and a proper measure against it needs to be bought about.

Bibliography

Hiller, V. (2008, October 9th). Gender Inequality, Endogenous Cultural Norms and Economic Development. Retrieved December 11th, 2011, from Paris School of Economics: http://www.parisschoolofeconomics.eu/IMG/pdf/victor.pdf

Klasen, S. (1999). Does Gender Inequality Reduce Growth and Development? Evidence from Cross-Country Regressions. The World Bank.

Moosa, T. (2010, July 5th). Women's Freedom - A…. [read more]


Gender Inequality Research Paper

… Similarly if men want to enter fields like fashion, arts or designing they face a tough time. Friends, family and society don't exactly put a stop to this dream but to some degree these men are made fun of for liking something so feminine.

Economy:

The worse off an economy, the more chances there are of gender inequality in favor of men usually. This is because the society holds the view that women were meant to help raise kids. At the same time, it believes that men are the major, provider of the family, and have no other roles and responsibilities which demand their attention to this great an extent. Therefore, the job market turns in favor of men when the economy is not doing…. [read more]


Gender and War From a Feminist Perspective Essay

… Gender and War From a Feminist Perspective

The classic notion that women are weak and unfit for battle riddles gender politics, and this has many times dictated the treatment of women over the course of time. Women, who, in history -- have traditionally been the purveyors of nurturing, providers of sustenance, and individuals who give life to children, both male and female -- are often victims of a worser fate in war, although some good can come out of bad situations. Women must deal with rape, and suffer savage inequalities; however, the one positive aspect that can be found within this context is the oral history of women in war (also known as testimonial literature or testimonial journalism).

Rape is possibly one of the most…. [read more]


Gender Segregated Math Classes in Middle School Research Proposal

… Gender-Based Education

For many decades there have been disparities in education along the lines of gender. Some of these disparities were as a result of sexism and an unwillingness to teach female students. However, in the current educational environment many of these disparities can be attributed to the fact that boys and girls simply learn differently. As such, adjustments have to be made as it pertains to teaching styles. These adjustments are particularly needed at the middle school level where subjects such as math and science become more difficult and female students start to lose interest. Gender segregation within the context of middle schools is a topic that has received a great deal of attention in recent years. In addition a great deal of attention…. [read more]


Gender Inequality and Internet Term Paper

… Secondly, under-representation of women in more professional fields such as science, mathematics and computing also plays an important role in existing gender inequality in the cyberspace. Traditional roles assigned to women also influence their frequency and intensity of Internet usage. It is believed that a whole new perspective is needed to bridge this gap. Greater participation of females in professionally oriented degree programs can improve their representation on the Internet.

REFERENCES

1. Dawson M., and J.B. Foster. 1996. Virtual capitalism: The political economy of the information superhighway. Monthly Review 48 (3):40.

2. Ervin, Kelly S. (2001) Philip D. Gardner, Linda A. Jackson, Neal Schmitt: Gender and the Internet: Women Communicating and Men Searching Sex Roles: A Journal of Research. 363.

3. Falling Through the Net:…. [read more]


Gender Inequality at Workplace Research Paper

… Moreover, the employers prefer recruiting childless women rather than mothers. (Hallman, 2013)

Currently the female workers earn $691 per week, whereas, the male workers earn $854 per week. Hence it is quite evident that the female workers earn about eighty one percent of what the male workers earn. (Hallman, 2013)

Reasons behind Gender Discrimination at Workplace

The major reason behind women earning less or being treated badly is that women are usually raised with the notion that 'good girls do not ask', so even if the female workers know that they are being paid less than the male workers or the behavior of the staff or top level management is unjust, they do not speak and never go for negotiation. Hence, this lack of response…. [read more]


Sweden Economy International Business Essay

… The extensive protection of environment, active measures of improving the working environments and investing in clean technology are among the leading factors that have significantly encouraged the vast growth of industries in Sweden. The successful industries have taken corporate responsibility to a different level, and this has given them competitive advantage in the home environment as well as the world over. In the last accountability index statistics, Sweden industries topped the list of responsible competitiveness (Pyrko & Darby, 2011).

Another factor that has given these leading industries advantage is the investment on clean technology. This has given the industries' market as the cases of pollution continue to rise in the competing countries. The social responsibility to ensure gender equality has also boosted the industries in…. [read more]


Obamacare Good for the Economy? Research Paper

… (Farazmand, 2001)

However social policies have been reflected in a number of areas including education, poverty and Medicare. There has been great progress post globalization where there was a revision of this trend where government moves the welfare services to the private sector to help it continue the services is unique to the United States, while in other countries the duality exists with the states bearing the burden of not only providing but also maintaining and innovating such services. (Farazmand, 2001)

There have been success previously in the medical policies and there is no reason why in the case of the Obamacare also it would not be a success. For example the medical policy like accountable care organizations -- ACO has solved the issues like…. [read more]


Gender Relations and Social Structures Term Paper

… Women's Studies

Gender and the Law:

Social Structures in France and Cuba

Centuries of inequality and oppression have made many modern societies and governments acutely aware of the way laws and political and social structures govern the relations between different groups of individuals. One of the group distinctions that has received most attention in is that which is based on gender. Whether in France, or in Cuba, women have a long history of being treated as second-class citizens; denied equal opportunities in education, employment, and public life. Both the French and Cuban governments have worked toward eliminating these obstacles to women's success and happiness. Yet, they have approached the problem in notably different ways. To some extent these variant approaches have been shaped by differing…. [read more]


Latin Gender Issues Term Paper

… One major objective of this administration is to enhance the female educationally related policies. In regard to women's employment, examples of totally diverse opportunities have presented themselves for those prepared technologically. Information technology for example is an extremely broad labor opportunity and the generalizations of male dominance or female incapability are overshadowed by educationally obtained skill sets. There are less gender related consequences when it comes to the information revolution. Talent is appreciated by all. In many scenarios, computer-aided production invites women to take advantage of the opportunities. The key is to establish legislation that will promote the necessary educational goals for both men and women. Through educational objectives, our nation will become a more powerfully-based entity that is economically and politically prepared for the…. [read more]


Gender Issues for Working and Learning Essay

… Human Resources

Gender Issues for Working and Learning

Why are gender and difference issues so important in understanding the potential for skills training and work and learning in both Canada and the economic south?

One of the most significant changes in the labor forces of countries like Australia and the U.S.A. And those of Western Europe has been their increasing feminization in the last decades of this century. Well over half of the adult women in most member countries of the OECD are now in the paid workforce. In some countries their participation rate is almost equal with that of men, particularly under those welfare state regimes with an explicit commitment to promoting equality between the sexes. There are several factors which have played a…. [read more]


Gender Roles in the Chinese Media Globalization Term Paper

… Gender Roles in the Chinese Media

Globalization and gender differences in images of Chinese women in the media

Recently, terms such as "freedom of the press" and "free press" have begun to creep into China's government controlled media network. The winds of social change might be blowing, but the government still maintains central control of what is published and what does not. The government of China has worked hard to keep Western media influences out the China's press. Penalties for violating established taboos for journalists are severe, including long prison sentences. In a world where China struggles to join the global community, it still maintains a desire for autonomy. The premise for this research is that regardless of the efforts of the Chinese media to…. [read more]


Gender Discrimination Term Paper

… Gender Discrimination

This report aims to prove that the hiring and promotional policies in Company X are discriminatory towards females. We are prepared to present expert testimony that details and outlines evidence of rampant illegal discrimination in the company Human Resource policies over the course of many years. This information will and should be used to receive remedy from this court of law for the female plaintiffs to rectify this practice of blatant Company X glass ceiling policy implementation. Nowhere in our highly industrialized nation have women been able to enjoy what we would consider equal status to their male counterparts. However, the labor market has extremes and Company X falls into this extreme category.

Although sexual inequality in employment avenues seems to be a…. [read more]


Economy, Nigeria and the United States Below Term Paper

… Economy, Nigeria and the United States

Below is a comparison of the growth and income distribution of Nigeria and the United States since the 1960's.

Nigeria

Between fiscal year (FY) 1959 and 1967, GDP grew by 6.0% annually. According to statistics, GDP shrank at an annual rate of 1.1% between FY 1967 and FY 1970. However, this does not take into account political upheavals such as the secession of the Eastern Region in 1968 or the war that ended in 1970. It is thus highly likely that the decline in net domestic production is understated in the statistics, since annual measures of GDP do not reflect wartime capital destruction.

During the early 1960's, annual population growth is estimated at more or less 2%. This rises…. [read more]


Economics Gender Issues in Labor Force Structure Term Paper

… ECONOMICS

Gender Issues in Labor Force Structure within MENA Countries

The women in the Middle East and Northern part of Africa have for decades constituted the subject of fierce international debates. On the one hand, there are those who argue that severe breaches of human rights occur against the MENA women, whilst there are others, including actually some of those particular women, who argue that they are in fact extremely happy and would not want to change their social status. Aside of raising children and making household decisions, the females in most oriental countries do not have a say in political, economic or otherwise issues of national interest. Most of the arguments in favor of human rights infringements are forwarded by the western civilizations, which…. [read more]


Women and the Economy Essay

… Ultimately, this has resulted in a phenomenon known as the feminization of poverty. This term refers to the fact that there are significantly more women in positions of poverty compared to men on a global scale. This creates a situation where women often lack the economic power to fight for their rights and issues in their interest. Essentially, the research suggests that "the degree of gender stratification is inversely related to the level of economic power women can mobilize and conversely, the less economic power can mobilize, the more likely they are to be oppressed physically, politically, and ideologically" (Bolender 1). This is what allows a male dominated society to make rules and laws about female fertility issues and other woman's related concerns. Margaret Anderson…. [read more]


Cross-Cultural Studies of Gender in China Town Thesis

… Globalization's Effect On Gender Studies As Seen In Chinese Culture

Gender Prejudices in a Globalized World

Gender is an omnipresent reality that rarely stands alone; its interaction with race and social class forms the basis of future inequitable career orientation and workforce preparation," (Lakes & Carter, 2004: 190). Gender forces many into predestined roles which have been functioning within the society for years. Many immigrants within the United States are forced to deal with dual gender roles as a result of globalization and cultural immersion into American society. As I walked down Hill on a sunny Saturday afternoon I failed to realize exactly how far this extended into my frame of mind. Speaking with Nancy, a local student who lives and works in Chinatown, the…. [read more]


Anthropology Review and Critique: Gender Term Paper

… This again is the value of a book like this, giving worldly cultural perspective and knowledge to the student who lives in America.

NUMBER THREE: Articles dealing with male gender roles.

The essay by Gilbert H. Herdt discusses the role of males in the fascinating Third World culture of the Sambia mountain people in Papua New Guinea ("Rituals of Manhood: Male Initiation in Paupa New Guinea). Boys are removed from the nuclear family in the Sambia culture at seven to ten years of age, and kept in a "men's clubhouse" until marriage - because, as Herdt writes, "strict taboos based on beliefs about menstrual pollution" still keep boys and girls separate.

The uninitiated Westerner might, upon reading about "menstrual pollution," say well, don't these primitive…. [read more]


South Africa Economy History Research Paper

… South Africa Economy

History of South Africa

Political Situation of the Country

South African Economy

Key Macroeconomic Variables

Justice/Judiciary System of the Country

Environmental Concerns

Health Concerns in South Africa

Society/Family/Culture of the Nation

Religion practiced in South Africa

Education

History of South Africa

South Africa has been a land of people with multiple cultural backgrounds since it was inhabited. Several centuries ago, people from different corners of African land migrated towards south and settled there with families. Additionally, many settlers came from European countries during the period of colonization together with black individuals from other African nations who were hired as slaves. Furthermore, many Asians travelled to South Africa in search of better employment and dwelled there.

Amongst the initial groups of foreigners that…. [read more]


Inequality Between the Genders Term Paper

… Inequality Between the Genders

Today a number of scientists who represent different anthropological and sociological schools agree that gender inequalities were basically created by physical factors (differences in anatomy of man and woman) and by economical factors. Psychological factors and others played an important role as they contributed to these two. In the primitive societies there existed formal equality between genders as there were no personal or private interests, inequality was mainly expressed by the fact that man was stronger than woman. In such society there existed no personal interests, the main interest was collective survival as human was unable to survive individually under conditions of wild nature.

With the development of human society there appered gender roles division, which became more obvious in hunting…. [read more]


Sociology and Feminist Theories Term Paper

… Of particular interest to the casual observer are the differences in relational dynamics and social interaction and perception between African-Americans and white Americans. African-American societies are by far one of the most dominant societies in the U.S., and have also been subject to different stereotypes and stigmas that have been existing for many years.

In fact, racial and gender differences are the most common forms of stratification that society tends to look in an individual. In the case of the American experience, African-American males are perceived differently by society as compared to white American males and females, as well as African-American females. In Myra and David Sadker's article entitled, "The Miseducation of Boys: Changing the Script," the authors discuss the significance of race and gender…. [read more]


Feminists Critique of International Relations the Gendered Politics of International War and Peace Research Paper

… Gender and International Relations

International Relations in perspective

Gendered issues in the realm of International Relations have not been widely discussed, questioned or researched until recently, according to author Jill Steans. The reason for this lack of investigation into gender and International Relations, Steans explains, is not necessarily based on bias against females or chauvinism to any degree. To wit, historically, the study of International Relations has been focused on relationship between sovereign states, and since the "processes" and the "structures" of relations between states were not understood on the basis of gender, there seemed no link in that regard (Steans, 1998, p. 1)

. However, feminist scholars in the field of International Relations have in recent years pointed to the fact that while, "frequently…. [read more]


Race Gender Rabbit-Proof Fence Examines Reaction Paper

… They are bereft of their original identity as members of their tribes -- which are the closest thing to nationalism that an aboriginal might conceive -- and yet are unwelcome into the newly imposed political structure of the British-Australian political economy.

Thus, the girls portrayed in Rabbit-Proof Fence are powerful symbols and reminders of the tyranny of colonialism. Racism is at the root of the re-education camp concept, as the inmates of this camp are to be slaves and servants once they have been fully dehumanized. The tracker, Moodoo, serves an important role in the film in that he is aboriginal but has sold his soul to work for the Australian authorities. His complicity sends a powerful message of patriarchy: it is patriarchy that oppresses…. [read more]


Psychology of Gender Research Paper

… In doing so, it forced these self-doubting men to increase their efficiency and productivity in the office as a means of keeping their job (that is, not losing it to a woman).

Though while lower-ranking male employees have felt an ongoing sense of apprehension and concern over the increasing power and influence of women in business, the male leaders of the corporate world have maintained the financial superiority to women. As women have worked their way up the corporate ladder in the last few decades, it almost seems like the aforementioned cycle of discriminatory pay practices has begun once again. In fact, as recently as 2004 it was determined that women in high-ranking corporate positions earn approximately 80% of the salaries earned by their male…. [read more]


How the Effect of Age Gender and Income on Support of Health Research Paper

… ¶ … Health

Factors Influencing Support of Health

Gender

Age

Income

Today, health support system has become a significant aspect in our society. With the growth and advancement in technology, nations have evolved their heath support system and it has become a significant aspect of the life of every individual. The welfares of a perfect health care system are plentiful. Numerous aspects can affect the health of individuals like the area where one resides, the condition of the government, income of the person and the level of education that one has acquired, genetics, the condition of the surrounding environment, while the more normally measured effects such as access and use of health care services often have less of an influence. Apart from all these measures…. [read more]


Pay Discrimination at Workplace Between Men and Women Thesis

… Gender Pay Discrimination in the Workplace

This work will examine gender pay discrimination in the workplace specifically in relation to the concepts of treatment discrimination and comparable worth policy. This is in terms of the definition of each concept in the discussion regarding gender pay discrimination in the workplace.

GENDER PAY DISCRIMINATION

"Gender Pay Gap Nothing to do with Discrimination" states that instead of making things better for women "equal pay and anti-discrimination legislation may in fact be counter-productive..." (Other Views, 2008) for women and men between the ages of 22 and 29 the average gap in full-time pay if "now less than one percent." (Other Views, 2008) Research findings show that men "tended to work longer hours and put in more overtime than women,…. [read more]


China Has Held Essay

… Men were the ones who worked and earned a living while women stayed at home to clean and raise the children. Although many revolution resulted in some change towards women's equality, China is yet to treat women as equal to men.

Gender inequality still remains an issue in China, but history shows that people have and will continue to fight for gender equality. People like Mao Zedong took something like Communism and provided a platform for others to change Chinese society. He set in motion laws and events that helped the cause of gender equality. Although Mao was never truly successful in accomplishing his goals, he took a chaotic country and formed a movement that generated hope in a people.

Hope is what propels the…. [read more]

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