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Politics of Gender and Sexuality in Aristophanes Lysistrata Term Paper

… Gender and Sexuality

New Criticism: Gender and Sexuality in Aristophanes' Lysistrata

Aristophanes' Lysistrata is one of the eleven plays penned by the playwright that has survived over time. The original performance of this production occurred in classical Athens reportedly in 411 BC

Lysistrata is considered a comedy; an account of one woman's unique goal and desire to end the Peloponnesian War. During the course of the play, Lysistrata is able to persuade the women of Greece to withhold any form of sexual satisfaction from their lovers and husbands as a tool designed to force the men to negotiate peace

This suggested strategy, however, incites the battle between the men and women. Because of the use of sex, issues raised with regard to gender, and addressing…. [read more]


Gender Inequality Thesis

… Gender Inequality

One of the most accurate definitions of gender was given Ridgeway and colleague (1999) where he explained that gender was simply a structure where by a society was able to define the social differences within people and their relations or socioeconomic stature based on those differences. Even though the word gender is mostly used as a synonym for women but that's not really the case as gender divides men and women into two different categories with different aspects of the social system.

The stature of women within the United States has been, historically speaking, very limited but with the changing times the economic importance and contribution form the women has changed considerably as well. One of the things that these changing times have…. [read more]


Gender Inequality in Hong Kong Essay

… For that reason, women in Hong Kong are over-represented in lesser revenue sectors and unplanned labor. Further, the gender hole in wage has improved in current years and women appear to be much more susceptible when it comes to poverty (Merry, Stern, Deveaux, & Inoue, 2006).

Even though Article 25 of the Basic Law provides that all Hong Kong residents are supposed to equal before the law no matter the situation, many women in Hong Kong do not always feel this way (Kwong, 1999). Additional, article 1 of the Bill of Rights delivers that the rights which are recognized in the Bill can be enjoyed without dissimilarity of any kind, counting sex (Kwong, 1999). Hong Kong has also passed a Sex Discrimination Ordinance that forbids…. [read more]


Gender Identity Explain Interaction Hormones Essay

… As the children mature and become young adults more of these expectations in the differences, in their roles, continue to open up as they learn and face challenges in the course of their lives. In any case, children who grow up in single parent backgrounds usually develop certain behavior patterns which arise out of the discrepancy they face. The family unit is therefore a major determinant of gender identity in human beings as can be frequently realized in many families Watson, 2005()

The influence of biology on gender identity is geared majorly on the functions of hormones and the cerebral lateralization of the brain. Biologically, the gender of an individual is determined before birth. However, this identity is normally with respect to sexual identity. The…. [read more]


Gender Differences in Middle School Math Scores Research Paper

… Gender Differences in Middle School Math Scores

Gender differences inherently affect the learning styles of students. This fact is demonstrated at quite an early age and accounts for the fact that in several instances, girls are more prepared for reading at the time they begin the formal education process found in schools than boys are (James, 2007). In fact, despite the abundance of knowledge for the past several years that in most cases boys demonstrate greater proclivities for math and science whereas girls demonstrate a greater affinity for reading and the language arts, traditional classroom-based education has been able to narrow this gap in the proficiency of each gender, yet not eliminate it. The National Association for Education Progress, which provides standardized testing for students…. [read more]


Social Psychology: Examining the Principles Essay

… The pervasive nature of social influence can be seen through its role in the formation of social identity, collective action, social movements, the diffusion of innovations, and group productivity and cohesion among others.

"Social influence is defined as a change in an individual's thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or behaviors that results from interaction with another individual or group" (Rashotte 2006:4427). There are two forms of social influence normative and informational forms. Normative social influence is the change in an individual's thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or behaviors as a result of that individual's desire to fulfill others' expectations. Thus if we are a positive environment and socially good group, the social influence will have positive effect on our personality. For example if we belong to a group where…. [read more]


Gender and Counseling the Past Term Paper

… This new work ethic requires psychological qualities that are generally associated with feminine behavior. For example, while men are socialized to compete with one another, young girls are socialized towards more cooperative behavior and to place a value on a sense of belonging rather than self-enhancement.

Many men find their socialization in conflict with this new management style that place a premium on relational consultation and democratic decision-making (Grant 1988).

Men as Husbands

The socialization of men also gives rise to their role as husbands. Despite changing gender roles, men still feel the pressure to act as the provider. However, this also places men in a dilemma. While most men feel the need to be the caretaker, many men also feel an internal need to…. [read more]


Gender Inequity in Sports Research Proposal

… This quest is informed by the ever increasing number of obesity cases among girls of the ages between 14 and 18 years. Hence the most appropriate hypotheses for this study will include:

H1: if educators and health workers use preventive measures successfully, then gender inequity in Saudi Arabia may be decreased

H2: if the gender inequity is decreased, then sports activities amongst the girls may improve

H3: if the sports activities amongst the girls are improve, then overall obesity ratios for girls may improve

It is important to note that all hypotheses above are interlinked as they answer the main research question of how obesity can be decreased among the young girls in Saudi Arabia. For this purpose, the proposal focuses on aspects like the…. [read more]


Social Work Is a Field That Requires Term Paper

… Social work is a field that requires some special abilities from the one that chooses this profession. These abilities, like compassion, empathy, sensibility, are obviously the attributes of a woman; this being the base of the idea that social work is more suitable a job for women.

However, not only women choose to become social workers, men do too. I will try to clarify why some men choose to become social workers while others think this is a completely wrong profession for men.

For this matter, I will elaborate a qualitative study, based on a qualitative interview with an experienced male psychiatric social worker. I chose these methods because they are in my opinion the most relevant for dealing with this subject.

The results of…. [read more]


Social Commerce in Saudi Arabia Research Proposal

… The chaos that finished out a 30-year-old dominant system in Egypt ensued from the social media's bonding the youth, assisting them to establish and coordinate objections in contrast to the government. Currently, Syrian videos showed on social sites have kept individuals united and aware of what is taking place inside that nation. It is clear that the social media has taken people into a new era of legislations with the possibility of uniting a large amount of individuals all over the world (Eid, 2011). The said externalities are existent in the technical level of the agent and are able to guide to organization failures for instance low investment traps, corruption and crime. The underdevelopment trap, it was proposed, could be something that is owing to…. [read more]


Gender Roles: Patriarchy Essay

… This definitely goes against the overall motherhood myth and what much of society would like to present to the world at large, particularly women. However, one could also argue that for men, there is also a great deal of pressure: pressure to succeed and to support the family and to protect the family and that such pressures can be debilitating as well.

Thus, if this paper has attempted to prove anything, it has taken the firm stance that when it comes to patriarchy, or society is still a paragon of a patriarchal attitudes, often supported by misogyny. This is not to discount the tremendous strides that women and feminism have made in the last five or so decades, but it does intend to suggest that…. [read more]


Gender Issues and Communication Essay

… When the various genders increase their awareness of how their gender communicates, as well as those of different genders communication, there is decreased likelihood of office miscommunication due to lack of understanding of how gender issues impact or play a role in communication in the workplace.

Perception is key to understanding gender as well as key in effective methods of communication. As stated in an earlier quotation, people of differing genders communicate and perceive in differing manners. Understanding how gender-based perceptions form in addition to how they impact communication, particularly among professionals in the workplace, is a significant step toward diminishing and eliminating miscommunications at work. It is crucial for management, organizational leadership, and even the human resources department within any organization to comprehend how…. [read more]


Gender Differences in Mental Health Term Paper

… A review of literature points to three hypotheses to explain the relative predominance of mental health issues in women as compared to men. One is artifactual -- that women tend to report symptoms more than men will (Keesler, McGonagal, Swartz, et.al, 1993). The next is biological, in that women and men differ in brain structure and function, all the way down to neurotransmitters, neuroendocrine functions and circadian rhythm stability (Kormstein, 1997). The portion of the cerebral cortex which is felt to be the center of attention and perception -- the inferior parietal lobe -- is larger on t he left side of the brain in men who do not suffer from mental illness. In men with schizophrenia, this is reversed with the lobe being larger…. [read more]


Social Equity Is a Key White Paper

… In addition, public administration has the duty of burdening the responsibility of creating and maintaining a commonwealth. However, in practice the relationship between citizenry and administrators is complex, making matters of government operation, citizen engagement, and design in administration complex (Candler & Dumont, 2010). This is the result of a global phenomenon, which has led to the creation of the concept of direct citizenry engagement. The need for local responsibility is a challenge for the administrator to create citizenry engagement for some administrative functions, like security. However, these remains a challenge for leaders as national integrated systems of administration are in the way of future governance.

2.2 Analysis of Theories of the Conference

2.2.1 Public Administration Leadership

Leadership in public administration entails the "exercise of…. [read more]


Gender Roles in Greek Art Essay

… Gender and Greek Art: Gender Distinctions in the Archaic, Classical, And Hellenistic Periods

One of the most notable aspects of the role of women in ancient Greece is that while women were featured prominently in the mythology, literature, and art of most of the Greek city-states, women played a relatively marginal social and public role, with the possible exception of Sparta. According to the philosophy and writings of the period, when it came to chronicling the lives of 'real' women: "it seems clear…that Athenians saw women as beguiling creatures capable of causing considerable harm to themselves and others, and weaker in mind and body than men. Many believed that young girls were somewhat wild and difficult to control and that virgins were subject to hallucinations…. [read more]


Social Construction of Technology &#8230 Term Paper

… SCOT is more than a supposition, it is a theory grounded in specific methodologies and techniques. Farlano explains:

The social construction of technology (SCOT) is a particular way of conceptualizing and understanding the social shaping of technology as well as, in turn, the technological shaping of society. This perspective can be understood to include the interplay between socio-economic, political, cultural and environmental factors in the process of technological development…This viewpoint is in stark contrast to the perspective of technological determinism or realism, which stresses the inherent properties of technologies and their impacts on society. (Farlano, 2012)

SCOT argues that there is a fluctuating and semiotic relationship between technology and social reality. Those who agree with SCOT would say that just as art imitates life and…. [read more]


Social Work - Literature Review Term Paper

… Finally, to successfully reach our social change goal, we must ensure that we are presenting relevant information to the adolescents. In the Psychology Today article, "What kids need to know; most parents and school systems fail to provide teenagers with relevant sex education" by Sol Gordon (1986), this common failure of sex education attempts is discussed. Gordon points to ignorance and unresolved curiosity as the cause for much of the destructive sexual behavior of teenagers. Poor education, poverty, racism, and sexism are noted as social factors that encourage unhealthy sexuality. Sex education is the key to combating these issues, however insufficient education is received from parents. "One reason parents have for not educating their children is discomfort with their own sexual feelings and behavior. Part…. [read more]


Nationalism, Gender, Thesis

… ¶ … Nationalism, Gender, And the Nation

The objective of this paper is to answer the question of whether policies of nationalist government modernize gender relations or do they represent a traditionalist aim to preserve or reestablish unequal and pre-modern gender relations, in effect archaizing gender relations? Another important goal is to connect this to a more specific question of "How does the notion of women as biological reproducers of the nation influence reproductive choices of women and nationalist agendas behind reproductive policy in socialist and postsocialist Poland?"

It does not really matter what country or region of the world in which the women lives there are always inherently, biologically, and perhaps even genetically related reasons why the woman does not realize the same autonomy…. [read more]


Role of Research in Social Essay

… 8. Were the conclusions consistent with the findings? Are the findings generalizable beyond the study? Why or why not?

The conclusion of the research study is consistent with the findings of the experiment as illustrated by the author. In the conclusion of the experiment, the researcher notes on the explicable variation of the forces affecting the growth and development of the children in the context of gay and lesbian marriages. Some of the factors in line with the findings of the experiment include lack of social support, stress exposure thus persistent stigma, and absence of the legal security for the parental and relationship statuses. These are representative of the findings of the research. It is also essential to note on the concept of generalization of…. [read more]


Gender Marriage Annotated Bibliography Annotated Bibliography

… The brides regarded spousal's as an important part of the weddings. It provided recognition of economic in dependability. Another notable reason for lower applicability of Spousal's is remarked as emergence of giving daughter their portions at the time of their adulthood. It is also stated that the symbolic value of the economic independence was required to be replaced by actual actions with correct timings as required in an individual's age. The German weddings are considered as diverse; however, later development also influenced English marriages. The revolutionary changes are regard as welcoming and had been observed as having a positive impact on the attitudes and significant role of gender.

The research articulates that marriage had brought changes in the women's life rather than men. The women…. [read more]


Engaging in Gender Role Incongruent Behavior Thesis

… Gender and Sexuality

Gender Norms and Sexuality

This paper examines societal response to women who violate gender norms. To examine these reactions, the author engaged in three behaviors that are typically identified as male behavior: chewing tobacco in public, engaging in a football game with a group of males, and changing a tire while a male companion stood by and did nothing. People did not react in the hostile manner expected; in fact, the only hostile reaction was directed at the male bystander when the author changed the tire. However, though behavior was not hostile, it was also not geared towards encouraging women to defy gender norms.

Gender Norms and Sexuality

Though some people suggest that men and women have achieved de facto equality, most…. [read more]


Gender Inequality in Education Thesis

… Possible Strategies can include the exclusion of such Curriculum in male dominated society which can change their mindset and the change can come from them.

The need of the moment is that women should be a more active part of the society so that they can help in bringing an overall revolution. The problem of Gender Inequality needs to be realized at every level and a proper measure against it needs to be bought about.

Bibliography

Hiller, V. (2008, October 9th). Gender Inequality, Endogenous Cultural Norms and Economic Development. Retrieved December 11th, 2011, from Paris School of Economics: http://www.parisschoolofeconomics.eu/IMG/pdf/victor.pdf

Klasen, S. (1999). Does Gender Inequality Reduce Growth and Development? Evidence from Cross-Country Regressions. The World Bank.

Moosa, T. (2010, July 5th). Women's Freedom - A…. [read more]


Gender a Society Is a Community Essay

… Gender

A society is a community of people who love in a particular and are related to each other either by relationships, cultures or norms. While a society includes people of both the gender, however, for a great deal of time societies around the world have proven to show gender biases and conservatism as far as women's contribution in the society is concerned. In most societies around the world, male have been a more dominant member in the society. Females were only confined to the private familial buildings. Although the advent of information technology, media exposure and educated modern societies have changed problem of gender discrimination to a great deal, the problem still persists in many parts of the world where woman are still headed…. [read more]


Gender Differences Term Paper

… Gender Differences

Sex and Gender are synonymous words. In the context of studying and further understanding gender differences, it is necessary to differentiate sex from gender. Gender is a classification system that shapes the relations among men and women. Sex on the other hand, categorizes species, such as male or female, in which most organisms were divided.

Sex is the biological identification of male or female, whereas gender is a social construct which relies on stereotypes to reinforce socially-proscribed roles. Gender study is a term used to refer to theoretical work in the social sciences or humanities that focuses on issues of sex and gender in language and society. With these mentioned, let us further detailed two of numerous theories about gender differences and classification,…. [read more]


Social Institutions and African-American Research Paper

… In other words, the society must maintain cultures; policies and structures that make everyone feel safe, nurtured and respected. The society should formulate policies that only permits acceptable behavior and which delineates from causing chaos in the society. Therefore, the society must adopt codes of behaviors and policies that address uncouth behavior. Even with laws and policies, that prohibits the perpetration stereotyping, the implicit bias and racism in the society, the problem is still on the rise discipline (Balderrama, Mary & Elsa, 2004).

In other words, social institutions play a larger role in determining the social status and privileges of every person in the society. Therefore, in developing these policies, social institutions must take great caution and evaluate the severity of racism and its consequences…. [read more]


Gender and Identity Formation Term Paper

… Gender and Identity Formation in Robinson's Housekeeping and Baldwin's "Blues for Mister Charlie"

Both the novel Housekeeping by Marilynn Robinson and the play "Blues for Mister Charlie" by James Baldwin deal with coming of age identity conflicts amongst marginalized peoples and long-simmering community conflicts that come to a boil after the homecoming of one of the protagonists. Robinson's text is framed around the coming of age of young women growing up in rural Idaho in the mid-1900s. The girls experience a crisis of feminine identity after they are deprived of their mother, who commits suicide at the beginning of the book. One of the girls in Robinson's text, Ruth, is unwilling to submit herself to the conventional norms and constructions of gender formulation common to…. [read more]


Gender Roles in the Chinese Media Globalization Term Paper

… Gender Roles in the Chinese Media

Globalization and gender differences in images of Chinese women in the media

Recently, terms such as "freedom of the press" and "free press" have begun to creep into China's government controlled media network. The winds of social change might be blowing, but the government still maintains central control of what is published and what does not. The government of China has worked hard to keep Western media influences out the China's press. Penalties for violating established taboos for journalists are severe, including long prison sentences. In a world where China struggles to join the global community, it still maintains a desire for autonomy. The premise for this research is that regardless of the efforts of the Chinese media to…. [read more]


Gender Sexuality Social Organization Social Systems Term Paper

… SOCIAL ORGANIZATION & SOCIAL SYSTEMS: SOCIETAL REGULATION of SEXUAL RELATIONS in DIFFERENT CULTURAL GROUPS

The objective of this work is to research and relate the different methods used in various societies in order to regulate sexual relations among members of that cultural group.

Throughout the world there are different cultural norms, or otherwise stated there are different activities that are either accepted or shunned within different cultural groups. This is especially true of sexual relations within a culture. Different marriage systems exist within different sectors of society and within different cultures throughout the world. There are several cultural universals stated to be within societies throughout the world which are the universals of: (1) "parental responsibility for long-term infant nurturing and education; (2) social regulation of…. [read more]


Gender and Islam Books Book Review

… Thus for Ahmed, the regression of women's rights under Islam could be traced back to over 2,000 years.

Ahmed's work also differs in another important area.

While the essays in Islam, Gender, and Social Change focused on individual countries and case studies, Ahmed takes a more macrosociological and macrohistorical approach. This could prove a limitation, since there are significant differences between various strains of Islam. In history, for example, Ahmed herself states that the Abbasid Empire was composed of Sufi, Shii and Qarmatian Muslims who may have held positive attitudes towards women. Furthermore, in the present day, there are also significant differences between various strains of extremist and more modern forms of Islam.

However, Ahmed presents a useful picture of Islam as a whole. Similarly,…. [read more]


Gender and Religion Term Paper

… Gender and Religion

Women are viewed in many different forms by different religions. Some consider women as the integral part of the religion or of the society while some provide several restrictions for women when it comes to their beliefs and traditions. Whatever the gender role differences are - particularly when it comes to religion - the fact remains that such gender role differences are all aimed at promoting and maintaining the values, beliefs and traditions of a particular religion.

Gender Roles

In Orthodox Judaism

In the traditional Judaism's point-of-view, the roles that women play may be a lot different from the roles of the men, however it does not necessarily mean that women's role are of lesser important. For the members of the traditional…. [read more]

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