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Geography the African Influence Term Paper

… African language was also introduced to the area, mixing with the Spanish that was also being introduced and altering the pronunciation of many words.

Spanish influence is also (and perhaps primarily) very prominent in Middle and South America. Spanish diseases, completely unknown to the region before the arrival of Europeans, that were brought by the colonists are still present in many areas. Domestic animals unknown to the area were brought and reproduced quickly, populating the lands. The introduction of Christianity, which is highly influential throughout the development of Middle and South American culture, was a result of Spanish influence. The Spanish founded many of the major cities as well, including Havana, Quito, Lima, and Buenos Aires. The Spanish forced the natives to sweat loyalty to…. [read more]

Have We Underestimated the Importance of Water to Human Geography? Essay

… ¶ … Water

to human geography?

Human Geography is the study of features and phenomena on earth that are human-made features. Geographers monitor these features and record changes and do so through examining the spatial organization or how it is that land features, humans and human-made features are arranged upon the earth. The human being's use of space on the earth greatly affects the environment of the earth. For example the construction of dams, roadways, highways, and bridges, as well as construction of homes and business structures, have drastically changed the landscape of the earth.

Facts and Statistics on Water Use

The work of Singh (2007) entitled: "What is Human Geography" states that there are two primary issues concerning the world's water:

(1) Scarcity; and…. [read more]

Pre-Historic African Development Term Paper

… Pre-Historic African Development

The concept of Africa has been of "the dark continent" and this concept has been spread by the European invaders there. At the same time, there is historical evidence to suggest that human civilization developed in Africa much before it developed in Europe.

The development of man takes place in a direction that is determined by the geographic conditions there, and this is true not only for Africa, but for the entire world. The first question is of defining the term prehistory. If this is viewed as the period before the development of men into the form as we know men to be today, then there is no doubt that development of men have been influenced by geography and geography only. This…. [read more]

West African Kingdoms Ghana, Mali Term Paper

… European slavery, on the other hand, regarded slaves as property. The status of slavery was hereditary and would continue through life. Slaves in the United States were also forced to adopt the religious customs of their masters. As a result, they lost many aspects of their magic and Islam-based cultures as they adopted the Christian traditions prevalent in the Americas.

This context should form the backdrop in studying the role Africans themselves played in the slave trade. Historians like Basil Davidson contend that many African slave traders had no idea about the conditions of the Middle Passage, as well as the significant differences in the European concept of slavery (Davidson 211). They were unaware of the conditions that awaited many of their kin in the…. [read more]

Colonial America African-Americans Essay

… There was a very small opportunity for moving up in class, as indentured servants, for example, were sometimes given land at the end of their servitude and could vote because they were landowners. Women in this class also worked, for example as slaves, to maintain at least a subsistence level of existence. The slave portion of this lowest class is well-represented by Mammy in "Gone with the Wind," who was in the lowest class and simply owned for her entire life. As descriptions of these three groups illustrate, it was possible for all three social classes -- high, middle and low -- to reside on one plantation and still retain their distinct class status.

3. Conclusion

African-Americans in Colonial America experienced the United States differently,…. [read more]

Africa Thesis

… African Beginnings

Africa was the beginning

Africa was the beginning: Afrocentric and multicultural views


The problematics of the Afrocentric or African orientated approach to an understanding of religious and biblical texts is a cause for concern among many theologians and historians. There is the stance and perception that the Bible and biblical scholarship has been biased by a mainly Eurocentric and 'white' view of biblical history. This view is clearly stated in the following comment; "Afrocentricity, when genuinely understood, is simply the idea that Africa and persons of African descent must be seen as proactive subjects within history rather than as passive objects of Western triumphalism."

Critics of the Eurocentric interpretation of the Bible and religious history also suggest that Afrocentric biblical interpretation is…. [read more]

West African States to Employ Dissertation

… The remaining population subject consisted businesspersons and consumers. The study was conducted over a period of four days. Interviews were organized and executed over the phone or through e-mails whenever the chief executives were unwilling to participate in the study. The questionnaires were designed in the form of 25 structured statements. Respondents were required to rate the structured statements on a scale of one to ten. Ratings of ten meant the presence of close relationship while one indicated the absence of any relationship or little relationship between single currency and the statement.

Data Collection Methods

This research employed the use of trained interviewers who aided the process of data collection. The interviewers were trained on the structure and administration of the questionnaire to the population…. [read more]

Ethnic Conflict Research Paper

… Rwanda, a country located in East Africa that was colonized by Belgium aristocracy, is a picturesque nation that also has a bitter past. At present, Rwanda is a socially, economically, and politically stable country with booming industries such as mining, agriculture, and tourism that constitute its financial foundation. However, in 1994 one of the worst genocide cases in modern world history that involved the assassination of then president Juvenal Habyarimana and the mass killings of approximately 850,000 citizens occurred within a 100 day time span. The tension erupted when the generally favored and European looking Tutsis peoples had conflict with the more native African looking Hutus aborigines. In 1990, the Tutsis led Rwanda Patriotic Front fought to maintain government control of the nation, which lead…. [read more]

Africa so Poor? Term Paper

… What adds to this is the fact that the country has a history of long drawn out conflicts and civil wars, and these civil wars do tend to slow down and even arrest the growth and development of the African continent. While armed conflict is contained in one area, the same would inevitably erupt in another area, and this phenomenon will not stop unless strict measures are taken to stop it. Poor weather conditions, deterioration and a decrease in the trade of the country, combined with this type of domestic conflict have all contributed to the loss of a good economic momentum in the country, especially in the past few years. (Promoting Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa)

How can the geography of Africa be used in…. [read more]

Berlin Conference of 1884 Essay

… Berlin Conference of 1884 is one of those historical events that seem to defy explanation. Africa, a vast continent, had been colonized by a large number of European countries, and there was a tremendous amount of contention over the ownership of these various African nations. This led to fighting between some of the imperial countries, and also to economic uncertainty, which may have led some investors away from investing in Africa because of fears that the governments authorizing or supporting particular projects would not retain control over the area in question. "Otto von Bismark called together the major western powers of the world to negotiate questions and end confusion over the control of Africa. Bismark appreciated the opportunity to expand Germany's sphere of influence over…. [read more]

Nigeria: A Country Report Term Paper

… Nigerian Economy-Agriculture Sector:

In Nigeria, the GDP "originating in the agricultural sector, shrank from 65.7% in FY 1959 to 30.9% by 1976," but by 1988, "39.1% of GDP was derived from agricultural activity," as of June of 1991. Also, the contributions from the agricultural sector "increased 3.8% yearly between 1983 and 1988 and the percentage of export value in agriculture grew from 3% in 1983 to 9% in 1988" ("Nigeria," 2005, Internet).

In 1960, Nigeria depended on the exports of three major products, being peanuts and peanut oil which accounted for almost 20% of the total in exports; cocoa at about 13% and palm-oil products at about 15%. After 1976, few peanuts were exported and today, this crop is processed for use in Nigeria; the…. [read more]

Human Geography We May Consider Term Paper

… Human Geography

We may consider that geography, as a science, has two main branches: physical geography and human geography. While on one side, physical geography deals with all aspects related to the environment, human geography handles much more sensitive issues, such as how the human being, as an individual and in a group, blends into the environment he lives in and how certain processes develop within such a group. More specifically, human geography is concerned with such aspects as political, economical, social or demographic geography, anything related to human activity and evolvement in a geographic context.

In terms of social geography as part of human geography, perhaps no other book exemplifies the traditional human relations and traditions still existing in Gabon, part of Western Africa,…. [read more]

Regional Geography Why Could Africa Term Paper

… However, so long as the majority of Colombians live without proper nutrition, decent housing, and hope for the future, the possibility remains.


In many ways Brazil has undergone changes analogous to these during the period since the mid-1960s. Focus upon its present problems, which are many and major, often blinds observers to just how far Brazil has already come along the developmental road.

The essence of the problem of analyzing Brazil is the simultaneous need to explain what the country has been, what it now is, and what it is becoming. For all these aspects coexist uneasily today, much as they did in Bismarckian Germany or in the United States from the 1880s to the beginning of World War I. In cold comparative terms…. [read more]

Postcolonial Geographies Essay

… Postcolonial Geography

Post-Colonial Geography Questions

American identity has historically been forged on the idea of a singular identity which spontaneously congealed with the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. In spite of fractious racial discord, clear governmental references to the great empires which preceded it and its birth as the bastard child of several European monarchies, American solidified around an aggressively taught history, culture and rhetoric confirming its singularity of importance in world history and current global affairs. Bender (2006) explains that in many ways, this perspective has come to define America and its identity as counterintuitive to the geographical realities contextualizing it. Therefore, as the world moves ever more toward a state of globalizing economy, boundary-absent social network and cultural extroversion, the United States must…. [read more]

Community Assessment Essay

… Community Assessment: Village of New Paltz, NY

Community assessment is basically the process of collecting, examining and recording information that is regarding the requirements of an individual community and the volumes or assets that are also presently obtainable in a certain community in order to meet those requirements. A community assessment starts by summoning a cluster of inhabitants, creating a vision and arranging the matters that necessitate change. This cooperative exertion among local citizens offers a groundwork for a community valuation that comprises experts who have know-how on subjects and others who are probable to be influenced by the alterations that a person is planning (such as children and parents.) the vision delivers an emphasis for the community assessment -- a clear depiction of where…. [read more]

Obesity Prevalence Term Paper

… When it comes to geography, obesity is seen to be more prevalent in communities that are developed. Obesity is more prevalent among groups of people in lower socioeconomic status. This low socioeconomic status results to a low protein and a high calorific diet leading to development of obesity. There are also some neighborhoods which are dangerous and hence children can not play outside. This can lead to less physical activity among children which eventually leads to the development of obesity (Centre for disease control, 2012).

About 60% of adults in New York are obese or overweight. In New York, overweight and obesity is more prevalent in African-Americans than other people in New York. Between 2003 and 2007 obesity prevalence in New York was at a…. [read more]

China Is the New Neo-Imperialist Power in Africa Essay

… China, The New Neo-Imperialist Power in Africa

Perhaps the most obvious sign of China's growing influence in Africa was its so-called "Year of Africa" in 2006, but even this ostentatious display of neo-imperial influence only serves to obscure the true extent of China's interests in the region or its rising power directed at protecting those interests. Like so many contemporary geopolitical developments, China's interest in Africa can be boiled down to oil, but the attendant economic and diplomatic actions China takes to secure this oil bring with them additional factors which complicate the relationship between China and various African countries. Thus, in order to understand just how much China has become the new neo-imperialist power in Africa, it is necessary to consider China's past history…. [read more]

Developing Country Essay

… Developing Country

Cholera in Kenya

Cholera and the populace

Cholera prevalence and poverty level

Cholera prevalence and the seasons

Cholera prevalence and the demography

Developed world vs Developing world

Development of a nation and health

Cholera in Kenya

Cholera is one of the common, but often ignored diseases yet it stalks the African nations and other developing and underdeveloped nations. It is only highlighted when there is a pandemic. Consequently, it kills many on its wake, only to be forgotten when it subsides.

Reading from 123 Independenceday (2010), Kenya is "Located across the equator on the east of the African continent- bordering Ethiopia to the north, Sudan to north-west, Somalia to east, Tanzania to south and Uganda to west. Kenya covers a total area of…. [read more]

African-American Population Research Proposal

… Applying the Nursing Process to The

Delivery Of Culturally-Competent Care

for african-americans

This paper explores the on-going health care needs of African-Americans as they relate to the delivery of competent nursing care. As a diverse group, African-Americans currently face some serious medical conditions based on lifestyle, genetics and a lack of access to high-quality health care. Thus, this paper will address several areas, such as psychological, environmental and psychosocial factors related to communications, the influence of cultural beliefs and barriers, and some possible ethical dilemmas. In addition, this paper explores how the Giger-Davidhizer Transcultural Assessment Model could be implemented as a way of analyzing the health care needs of African-Americans and for developing a health care plan, thereby increasing the lifespans and quality of living…. [read more]

Harlem During 1920-1960 Term Paper

… Harlem During 1920-1960

The United States is considered for centuries now the "land of all opportunities." Throughout time, it has attracted millions of people from around the world in search for a better future and for new ground for personal affirmation. However, behind the glamour and excitement of the "American dream" there lie numerous unsuccessful stories that come to point out the different perspectives of a certain reality.

The struggles that have marked the history of Harlem can be considered relevant examples in this sense. This part of the city of New York has shared the image of a troubled existence, that of the Black Americans that erected it, and of the millions of immigrants who found shelter in the slums and overcrowded streets of…. [read more]

African Post-Colonial Piece of Jewelry Interpretation Term Paper

… (

The necklace is a throwback to that past, in that it present one with an image of a humanized person.

In that way, it manifests numerous messages just as post-colonialism itself is an ideology that is replete with numerous meanings.

The post-colonial reaction is the act of replying to the colonial legacy by writing back to the center, to a previous time when the colonized people had their own history and traditions, and using the colonizer's language and symbols (e.g. English and, in this case, Christianity) for that purposes. The necklace featured in this essay is a good example of such an instance.


Eeden, JV (2006) Land Rover and colonial style adventure. Int. Fem. Journal of Polictis, 8, 343-369

Etsy African Primitive Ethnic…. [read more]

Country of Sudan Dependency Theory vs. Modernization Term Paper

… Country of Sudan

Dependency theory vs. modernization theory

Religion and Politics

Ethnic-cultural divisions

Women and development

Agrarian reform and the politics of rural change

Rapid urbanization and the politics of the urban poor

The political economy of third world countries

The African continent is considered to be one of the most important regions in the world at the moment in the international politics. This is largely due to the continuous conflicting situations that mark the evolution of states such as Ethiopia, Chad, or Sudan. Currently, it is the Sudanese state that draws the most attention, as most observers accompanying the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in his recent visit he underwent in Khartoum to further discuss the dramatic situation of the Darfur region. (UN, 2007)…. [read more]

Colonization of Africa Research Paper

… Colonization of Africa:

The occupation and control of one nation by another is defined as colonialism. Various European countries have colonized many areas of the world including North and South America, Asia, Africa, Australia, and the small islands around the world. Africa was colonized by different European nations between the late 19th century and late 20th century. Prior to the colonization, Europeans had had contact with Africa for long such as through the Atlantic Slave Trade. It was not until the late 19th century that they imposed a formal rule of law over Africa. Regardless of their ideologies, and administrative systems, most of the colonial states justified themselves in the name of civilization and pacification ("Colonialism" par, 3).

In Europe, the 19th century was a…. [read more]

Since 1800 Term Paper

… Africa Since 1800 is primarily a survey text of the recent history of the continent of Africa. However, even a survey history of a region still has a clear ideological point-of-view in terms of what the authors chose to include and exclude. This text, although factually correct and valuable in its treatment of often uncovered areas of African history and territory, tends to deemphasize the immorality of the colonialist impulse, and locate anti-colonial resistance as part of a larger history of a region characterized by frequent struggles for dominance by a variety of political leaders. Authors Roland Oliver and Anthony Atmore in no way defend colonialism, but they wish to present what they believe to be balanced and fairly dispassionate overview of the region.

The…. [read more]

19Th C. Post-War American Industrialization Thesis

… (4) Freed slaves: describe the new industrial climate of the later 19th century as being radically destabilizing for poor white populations in the South, and thus being an encouragement to increased nativism and racial segregation, with the rise of Jim Crow and the Ku Klux Klan. The chief reference for this portion of the paper will be the book Worse Than Slavery, which describes the new system of penal labor devised in the South, as a way to imprison a large portion of the African-American workforce and use them to provide free labor within the new economic climate.

(5) Political reformers and radicals: Focus on the emergence of the Progressive movement with Robert LaFollette as an example, the embrace of reform (and trustbusting) by Theodore…. [read more]

Culture of Cuba Research Paper

… ¶ … island nation of Cuba has enjoyed a long and controversial history. Being located only ninety miles from the southern coast of the United States, Cuba physical location has affected its history and politics significantly.

Since Christopher Columbus' landing on the island in 1492 the Cuban culture and population has been altered. (Thomas) at the time of Columbus' landing the population was entirely native Indian. This small population of approximately 110,000, after being forced into virtual slavery by the immigrating Europeans was quickly extinguished through disease, malnutrition and general brutality. Within fifty years after Columbus' landing the entire Indian population was gone. Today there is little that remains of their culture.

Europeans immigrated to Cuba rapidly following Columbus' landing. Drawn by the climate and…. [read more]

Ngos and Human Rights Essay

… For example, "L'Association Mauritanienne des Droits de l'Homme (AMDH)" in Mauritania, was mainly composed of high school and university students, teachers, and lawyers. The NGO focused its activities on three main areas of violations of human rights including mass killings of black soldiers, massive Mauritian repatriation from Senegal, and the deportation of members of press and soldiers to the desert (Appiagyei-Atua 2002). The NGO used press campaigns and provoked international communities to denounce the killings and pressure Mauritius government to create a commission of inquiry. The NGO is an example of African NGOs that promoted human rights concerns by undertaking fact-findings, investigation of violations of human rights.

The fight for human rights and freedoms in Africa has centered on gathering international support to pressure governments…. [read more]

Civilizations Term Paper

… The political and military dominance that Roman Empire achieved over conquered states was dependent on the geographical advantages it had in attacking other states while defending itself through improvisation in natural barriers. The Roman Empire was established on the foundations laid by Greeks and thus it was Greek use of symbols and things that influenced the Roman more than any other factor. Vast expansion of the Empire was due to the diverse geographical location but this also caused the fall of empire as the geographical stretch spread too far (Adams et al. 2012, 5-50).

3. What was the function of religion in these ancient civilizations? How did it help to shape them, or how was it shaped by them? Compare and contrast the religions of…. [read more]

Africa's Petroleum and China's Economic Research Paper

… The world oil market has recorded important trends. The global demand for oil is projected to grow by more than five percent by 2030 with the Middle East, China, and India accounting for seventy percent of the increase. China's oil demand is anticipated to expand during this period, and oil imports will grow. This implies that China will overtake the United States thereby becoming the largest world net importer of oil by 2020 (Bhaumik, 2009). It will reach approximately twenty-four million barrels daily net oil consumption by 2030. This suggests that nearly eighty percent of China's oil consumption will rely on imported oil. However, United States oil demand will decline or remain unchanged; thus, its oil imports are subject to fall to the extent that…. [read more]

Body Dissatisfaction, Ethnic Identity Article Critique

… ¶ … Body Dissatisfaction, Ethnic Identity, and Disordered Eating Among African-American Women," Rogers Wood & Petrie (2010) apply a sociocultural model of disordered eating to the African-American female population. The authors postulate that because the dominant white culture promotes a beauty ideal of thinness, African-Americans who identify more with the dominant culture and less with African-American culture are at greater risk for developing an eating disorder. The theoretical perspective is linked to identity construction. Both culture and identity are therefore linked to the expression of an eating disorder. However, the authors describe the foundation for the research more in terms of models than in terms of theories. In this case, the approach works because it would have been unnecessary and tangential to discuss social identity…. [read more]

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