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German Reunification Term Paper

… ¶ … Reunification on the German State and People Today

The physical Berlin Wall may be gone, but some observers suggest that it remains in the minds of many older Germans that lived with a divided Germany for most of their adult lives. Indeed, many people were surprised at just how quickly the Berlin Wall fell when it finally did, but the fallout from this event has not gone away and in many ways has become even more pronounced in recent years. To help understand the current situation in Germany today, this paper provides an overview of the reunification of East and West Germany, the process that led to it, and the political opposing forces that emerged in response. The focus of the paper will…. [read more]

German Unification Essay

… ¶ … German unification has been a success or failure depends upon defining a standard of success. For many Germans, as well as many interested observers from abroad, the standard is defined by an ideal of Germany as the demilitarized superpower of Europe, leading the European Union as a model of what the industrialized, democratic, capitalist state. By this standard, unification has failed. Since 1990, Germany has struggled with a host of economic, political, and social problems that have frustrated its citizens and dashed the hope that a unified Germany would combine the best qualities of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the German Democratic Republic (GDR), while eliminating the worst ones.

Closer and more careful examination, however, reveals that this is not the…. [read more]

German Foreign Policy Research Paper

… German Foreign Policy

Following World War II, Germany remained ideologically and geographically divided between the two opposing sides of the Cold War, and only after the fall of the Soviet Union did the country reunify and begin to formulate a coherent foreign policy of its own. However, over the last ten years, this foreign policy has often put it at odds with some of its allies (especially those in NATO), and recent events suggest that this rift between Germany and its neighbors and allies will only widen in the future, as economic instability and democratic uprisings in the Middle East threaten to destabilize the relatively fragile relations between countries, especially at a time when national leaders are increasingly thinking of their own country's individual needs…. [read more]

German Unification Occupies Term Paper

… The peace treaties signed after the war served as a sharp blow to already wounded ego of the French. The Germans did everything in their power to belittle the French, which is considered the gravest mistake made by the Bismarck regime. This was because this created severe bitterness in the hearts and minds of French people who staunchly opposed Germans in the two great wars almost half a century later. But Germans couldn't care less about the reaction of French people because winning the war meant they were now one of the strongest forces of the world.

Robert A. Selig (1996) writes, "On January 18, 1871, the Wars of the German Unification culminated in the crowning of King of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm I of Hohenzollern,…. [read more]

Germany West East Term Paper

… 9

In building the Weimar Triangle, Germany is engaging in what has traditionally been NATO. NATO has traditionally been perceived as a community of states where the cooperation is based upon the respect of the fundamental values of democracy and market economy. This is increasingly a cornerstone of Poland's Western European Union (WEU) efforts with its partners such as Germany and France.

As long as Western countries respect the fundamental concept of Europe's integration, that is of democracy and free markets, they can count on the Poles to climb on board efforts to extend Western efforts (German and French) influence there.10

The new politics in Europe is being played out in the East. However, it is a continually more marginalized game that Germany is playing,…. [read more]

Dreams and Delusions: The Drama Book Review

… Furthermore, while its message regarding the future of German is obviously somewhat flawed in retrospect, since it does not include a prediction regarding the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union and reunification of Germany, its statement regarding the increasing isolation of Germany from the rest of Europe does have some resonance as the European Union comes under further strain from the continuing contemporary debt crisis.

While Fritz Stern's Dreams and Delusions: The Drama of German History does not radically transform the study of World War II and Germany's legacy, it does provide renewed urgency to the study of history in general and of oppressive and destructive movements in particular. Stern is able to inject emotion into his otherwise rigorous analysis of the historical reasons behind…. [read more]

Soldierly Perception of Masculinity Research Paper

… The shift of military and social values has become a permanent trend in Germany after it weakens position in war. Although this change did not happen all of a sudden but many factors were involved in gradually changing the situation, there was still a back way to tackle the hurdles and to restore the previous standards and for these strong, sincere and collective efforts are needed to be carried out by promoting the culture and law.

Some grades this change as a natural process of refusal .If someone has to do some deliberate destruction of a particular religious, racial, political or ethnic group for the purpose of wiping them completely; it will be quite a difficult task to do but it will be possible if…. [read more]

Global Business Term Paper

… German TP

Environmental Analysis and Market Entrance Strategy: Bringing Biodegradable Toilet Paper to Germany

The drive to "go green" -- making consumer choices that take environmental stewardship into account -- has been increasing hugely over the past decade, and is more rampant in Europe than in North America and other parts of the developed world, according to many accounts. Germany is no exception to this trend, and with a relatively dense yet stable population, the country is ripe for internal changes rather than expansions to drive innovation and business. Bio-degradable toilet paper is the type of innovation that could go over quite well in the country, and it is expected that in the development of a market entry plan for this product in this country,…. [read more]

Germany Years Before President Reagan Told Soviet Term Paper

… Germany

Years before President Reagan told Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev "Tear down this wall," the Eastern European communist bloc showed signs of crumbling. The wall that physically demarcated East from West Berlin since 1961 had become largely symbolic by the mid-1980s, and by the time the wall came down in 1989, thousands of East German residents had already made it across the border due to increasingly liberal travel and trade agreements between both sides. By 1989, Germans on both sides of the wall had been somewhat prepared for reunification; in fact, the West German federal constitution still referred to the five Bundesl nder subsumed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR) as if the GDR was like a rebellious child that would eventually come home.

Met…. [read more]

U.S. and Germany Term Paper

… U.S. And Germany

Although by no means responsible for the reunification of Germany, American President Reagan did utter one of the most famous sound bytes of the late twentieth century when he told Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall." The dissolution of the Eastern European communist bloc became a political and economic imperative for the United States, because the Cold War resulted in strained foreign relations and limitations in free trade. The end of the Cold War would mean renewed political hope and perhaps more importantly, the expansion of free trade throughout Eurasia.

The United States played a key role in promoting free enterprise throughout Eastern Europe because it would benefit them; Reagan's staunch capitalism especially favored the downfall of the Berlin…. [read more]

Deutsche Bundesbank Research Paper

… Dating from its adoption in 1975, the Bundesbank thereafter followed a strategy of publicly announcing numerical monetary targets and inflation goals underlying their computations (Posen, 1997).

The Bundesbank pursued its mandate of safeguarding the currency through periods of inflation, recession and oil crisis over the next decade and a half. It was not until the reunification process started to take shape that a series of unprecedented challenges developed. As part of the reunification, the process of monetary union required that a conversion rate be established between the West German Deutschmark and the East German Mark. Fundamental differences existed between the Bundesbank and the West German government on two key issues: the pace at which the monetary union should proceed and the conversion rate between currencies…. [read more]

European Union Essay

… After successful completion of any of these secondary schools the pupils have the option of starting a career with an apprenticeship in vocational school (Nees, 2010).

Whereas in Germany pupils are divided into four groups is with regard to performance of the students after primary level, in the American system students attend the same school up to the age of 12 years. German pupils get less vacation as compared to American pupils, school in Germany is usually over at 1 p.m. while in America schools last till 3 or 4 p.m. In Germany teachers are highly regarded professionals and paid better and take longer training as compared to the American counterparts who take a shorter training period and their job not highly regarded.

Home schooling…. [read more]

Comparison of Three Countries ER System Application Essay

… ¶ … Country's ER Systems

The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the differences between China and Germany, Germany and Australia, and China and Australia. Taking the role of an Employee Relations (ER) Manager who is responsible for managing workforces in these areas, each country is compared based on their history, role of stakeholders, bargaining and labor laws.

China vs. Germany

In comparing China and Germany's current Employee Relations practices, a framework including each country's current economic system, their respective histories, role of stakeholders, bargaining practices and labour laws are presented.

Comparative Analysis Chinese vs. German Economic & Employment Systems

The Chinese economic and employment systems today reflect the highly socialistic, centrally planned economy vs. The social market economy of Germany. The Chinese have…. [read more]

Multiculturalism in Europe With Special Dissertation

… ¶ … Multiculturalism in Europe With Special Reference to Germany

The issue of multiculturalism has been the focus to the political concerns of European nations since nineteen forty five. The problem of multiculturalism covers numerous issues, which predominates differ with different political situations. Multiculturalism mirrors concerns regarding immigration and the manner in which immigrants settled in Western Europe between 1950s and 1960s. Following the break-up of communism in nineteen eight nine, and the rebellion of ethnic nationalism in the Eastern Europe, the problem of multiculturalism centered around devolution of power from central national governments to regionally sub-national groups and the probabilities of power-sharing at the centre. Multiculturalism was also linked to the developing numbers of political refugees, and in the wake of terrorists attacks in…. [read more]

South Korean & German Trade Show Industry Dissertation

… Trade Show Industry in Germany and South Korea

Trade as Marketing and Communication

Area of Study

Study Components

The History of Trade

History of Trade Shows

Patterns of Trade Shows

Marketing Theories

Trade Shows and Market Entry

Development of the Trade Show Industry

Contributions of the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Processes in the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Planning and Tactical Considerations in the Trade Show Industry

Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research

Data Analysis Plan


Dante's Inferno and Manzoni Essay

… Manzoni even thought that Dante's native Tuscan dialect should become the national language of Italy when it was reunified, as if finally was three years before his death in 1873. The setting of The Betrothed was Milan in 1628-31, during the Thirty Years War when Lombardy was ruled by the Spanish and their Austrian Hapsburg allies. Even in the 1820s when Manzoni was writing his novel the Austrians still ruled Northern Italy, and his work was rightfully seen as a nationalist tract against foreign domination, with German mercenaries blamed for bringing the plague to the city as described in Chapters 29 and 30 (Hamnett 159). Don Rodrigo symbolizes the Spanish overlords, and a "central theme of the novel is the abuse of private power backed…. [read more]

Sociology - Welfare Hard of Hearing People Term Paper

… Sociology - Welfare

Hard of hearing people represent a special segment in the society we live in. They are a disadvantaged group of people who due to the fact that they suffer from a health situation are faced with discriminatory behavior and lack the opportunities normal people have.

There have been several attempts made concerning the possible treatment of hard of hearing people and those with different disabilities inside the society because it is important that even the less fortunate have an equal chance for development in life. However, such policies relate in a definite way to the health care system of the country under discussion or of the region under analysis. At the same time, there are certain theories related to the issue of…. [read more]

Migrant Culture Thesis

… ¶ … Head on directed by Fatih Akin. Specifically it will discuss the film's star, Sibel Kekilli's background as a porn star and the criticism it raised as she starred in this film. Just as immigrants who move to a new culture are often targets of racism and prejudice, Sibel Kekilli was the target of similar prejudice when it was announced she had starred in several hard-core porn films before her debut in Akin's award-winning film "Head on." The continuation of migrant culture when entering a new culture is one of the things that can tear families apart, as this film clearly shows, and it is one of the most difficult aspects of immigration and assimilation, no matter in what part of the world it…. [read more]

Purchase of Real Estate by Judicial Sale in Germany Term Paper

… Purchase of Real Estate by Judicial Sale in Germany

Real estate is the one most frequently mentioned areas of law that has the greatest divergence between jurisdictions today. For example, under Germany's Civil Code, certain aspects of real estate are governed by other laws, e.g. The proceedings regarding registration in the land register by the land register regulation, and regarding judicial foreclosure in the Act on Judicial Foreclosure. Real estate may also be owned by individuals as well as legal entities, including local authorities and foreign companies. The adjudication of legal disputes over property restitution depends on the precise location in united Germany where the dispute took place, when it first occurred, and the current state of the law as interpreted by German federal courts.…. [read more]

Lufthansa Structure and Governance Essay

… "

No commercial banks would lend Lufthansa the money, and only one state-owned bank stepped up, allowing the airline to hobble along for a little bit longer. Because for all of its history to that point Lufthansa had been a state-owned company, observers both inside and out the organization had never truly considered the possibility that it might go under, and as a result serious, systemic problems were allowed to go unchecked. Without the threat of failure posed to private companies, Lufthansa essentially "got soft," and acted as if it need not worry about the political and economic factors influencing its competitors.

However, all was not lost, and the newly elected Weber recognized the severity of the situation. Together with Lufthansa's Executive and Supervisory boards,…. [read more]

Economics Politics Trade Term Paper

… Economics, Politics, Trade

Geopolitical base


Political Systems

Monetary, trade and economic backgrounds



Economics, Politics, Trade

This paper shall be a comparison of two countries of the world-one which is a developed country and another developing country. The developed country chosen for the study is Germany and the developing country is Peru. The paper shall deal with the geopolitical base and the Monetary, trade and economic backgrounds of the two countries.

Geopolitical base


Germany occupies 356,959 square kilometers. It is the sixth biggest country in Europe with Alps in the south and extending 853 kilometers from Denmark as its northern border. Germany measures roughly 650 kilometers from the Belgian-German border in the west to the Polish frontier in the east. The province…. [read more]

Regional Economic and Structural Change of the Rhine Ruhr Area Research Paper

… Regional Economic and Structural Change of the Rhine/Ruhr Area

The Rhine and Rhur area of Germany played a significant economic role throughout the 20th century, with much of the country's industrial production being situated there, together with many of its vital strategic resources. It is not surprising, then, that the region was particularly important during World War II and the Cold War that followed, with large concentrations of military forces and defensive ordnance being part of its makeup. In this strategic capacity as the "gateway to Western Europe," it is also little wonder the structural changes that took place in this region during the 20th century would have far wider implications. To identify the types and scope of these structural changes, this paper provides a…. [read more]

Bismarck's Impact on Foreign Policy Term Paper

… This decision was preceded by intense diplomatic activity between Austria, Russia and Germany, none of whom could afford, for different reasons, to have the balance of power in Europe upset by instability in the Balkans. Austria feared a growth in Russian influence in the Balkans; Russia similarly wished to weaken Austria's role in the region; Germany needed both Russia and Austria and did not want open conflict between them. Bismarck sought to maintain German neutrality between Austria and Russia for as long as possible but when in October 1876 the Russians asked him straight out whose side Germany would back in the event of a Russian-Austrian clash in the Balkans, he let it be known that in the final analysis Germany would not allow Austria's…. [read more]

Germany Reunify? What Caused This to Happen? Term Paper

… ¶ … Germany reunify? What caused this to happen?

Germany was reunified as a result of the decay of Communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union in the late 1980s. The background and brief account of the event is as follows: Germany was divided after World War II as a result of Cold War tensions. East Germany adopted communism as the state policy, while West Germany chose democracy and Capitalism. The relations between the two Germanys remained frosty until the advent of the reformist Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985 whose liberal policies encouraged the populations of other East European countries including GDR to struggle for greater freedom. In August 1989, when Hungary removed border restrictions with the neighboring Austria, thousands of East Germans…. [read more]

Opening a Business an Analysis Term Paper

… These initiatives have had some unexpected consequences as well for the eastern German economy, which had been based in large part on the clothing and textile industry. The textile and clothing industry represented one of the largest industrial employers in eastern Germany, particularly for women, accounting for almost two-thirds of the 320,000 workers in the textile and clothing sector. Since reunification, though, there has been a surplus of workers in these industries that continues to constrain the country's efforts to become economically viable today. "As the textile and clothing industry was concentrated in specific regions of the GDR," Rachel Alsop says, "in certain local economies the textile and clothing industries constituted one of the main employers of female labor. In 1989 nearly 4% of all…. [read more]

Process Through Which Political Unification of Italy and Germany Was Achieved Term Paper

… ¶ … political unification of Italy and Germany was achieved


Mazzini. The congress of Vienna (1814-1815) was dominated by conservative diplomats which tried to ensure the supremacy of the great European powers for long periods of time. The concept of equilibrium of powers left little space for maneuver for small states or national unity movement. In Italy, for instance, while Piedmont was reinforcing its position, Mazzini's democratic and republican movement was facing serious difficulties. An insurrection organized in February 1853 in Milan against the Austrians had failed. The democratic movement was also discredited by the execution at Belfore of the leaders of the Mantua conspiracy, as well as the unsuccessful insurrections at Cadore and Lunigiana. Even its most dedicated adherents were discouraged. Mazzini suffered…. [read more]

Realism and the End of the Cold War Seminar Paper

… Realism and the End of the Cold War

The field of international relations has always been dominated by one theory or another that tried to explain, through different mechanisms and concepts, the evolution of the international affairs.

Realism was one of the theories that tried to best characterize the period of the Cold War and especially the bipolar relation between the West and the East, which is between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the fall of the U.S.S.R. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was considered that the realist theory of international relations did not grasp sufficiently accurate the power relations between the two important players and was not able to predict the fall of communism and the end of the…. [read more]

History Economic Aspects Social Aspects of Berlin Term Paper

… ¶ … Economic Aspects, Social Aspects of Berlin

Berlin remains one of the cities in the world that has experienced constant and unique changes over time, remaining both economically and socially significant in the historical perspective.

Berlin, a middle ages trading center.

Berlin's elector's residence.

Berlin, the royal capital.

Berlin the imperial city.

Berlin survival during its National socialist period.

The fall of the Berlin wall and reunification of the East and west sides.

History, Economic Aspects, Social Aspects of Berlin

The city of Berlin dates back in the 13th century and ever since, it has seen a lot of changes. Latest excavations done in 2008 found an oak beam that indicated that the city perhaps existed by 1183. This oak beam found at Petriplatz…. [read more]

European Security and Defense Policy Term Paper

… Possessing the most advanced technology was tantamount to being the lead nation. According to this line of thought, the United States of America controlled NATO, and played a leading role in European affairs by virtue of her technological preeminence. This technological preeminence was something that had to be preserved at all costs, for without it, America would be forced to give way. In the "alliance of equals," that was NATO during the Cold War; no nation could be permitted to hold a rank as "equal" as that of the United States. A classic example of this mindset is to be found in the following anecdote, from the pen of an eyewitness:

prime example of [this] behavior in my personal experience was U.S. reluctance to tell…. [read more]

Auschwitz Concentration Camp Article Review

… ¶ … Auschwitz concentration camp

Frei, Norbert. (2010, September). 1945-1949-1989: dealing with two German pasts.

The Australian Journal of Politics and History. Retrieved October 24, 2010 through at

Auschwitz article review:

Frei, Norbert. (2010, September). 1945-1949-1989: dealing with two German pasts.

The Australian Journal of Politics and History. Retrieved October 24, 2010 through at

How does a population come to terms with atrocities committed by its citizens in the past? This question has often been asked when discussing the American crime of slavery, perpetrated by whites upon African-Americans; the legacy of apartheid in South Africa, and perhaps most searchingly, regarding Germany's atonement for the crimes of the Holocaust. According to Norbert Frei's 2010 article, "1945-1949-1989: dealing with two German pasts" from…. [read more]

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