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World War II -- Eastern Term Paper

… In a fatal display of hubris and thoughtlessness, Hitler split his forces, sending them north and south. This split resulted in the overextension of his forces and delays that pushed the invasion into the devastating Russian Winter. Spread thin and inadequately prepared for fighting through the extreme cold and snow of Russia, German forces suffered their greatest casualties and ultimately endured the failure of their massive invasion.

As all consulted sources agree, German forces never recovered from the failure of Barbarossa. The concentration of German forces on this Eastern Front due to Hitler's obsession with conquering Russia caused the Germans to all but abandon the Battle of Britain, thus saving Britain from certain defeat. Furthermore, the defeat contributed to the mutual distrust between Hitler and…. [read more]

Germany Won WWII Research Proposal

… ¶ … Germany Won WWII

Several days prior to the launch of Operation Overlord by the combined Allied forces, a German spy sent a very short coded message to occupied France, "Attack Normandy, Clear Weather, Anchor," the final word being the codename of the sender. This singular message originated from within the Allied command structure and released on the leg of a carrier pigeon whose home was in the town of Calais. Once received, the German command in France redirected the Fifteenth Army stationed in the north, that were expecting an attack the northern coast near Calais back down along the central coast, and the Seventh Army stationed along the Loire River was brought up to defend Omaha Beach. This reinforcement resulted in preventing the…. [read more]

Germany Invades Poland Term Paper

… Germany Invades Poland

The Second World War represented one of the most important events in the history of our world. It marked the emergence, peak, and decline of some of the most powerful state forces the world has ever known. The conflict started by Germany's Hitler with traditional conventional forces resulted in the end in the use of the most destructive weapon even produced or used by the human being. The atomic bomb and the tragedies in Hiroshima and Nagasaki showed precisely the range of war waged with different weaponry and using different tactics. However, the war began as World War One had begun, it the traditional way of aggression. The present paper will argue the fact that Germany invaded Poland and thus World War…. [read more]

Spain in World War II (WWII) Essay

… Spain in World War II (WWII)

When the subject of World War II comes up students, scholars and historians tend to think of Nazi Germany's influence in Europe, or the Pacific Theater and Japan's aggression. But Spain played a substantial role in WWII as well, and this paper will review and analyze Spain's involvement through scholarly articles on the subject.

Was Spain neutral during WWII? There is conflicting information regarding that question. Although Franco, the fascist dictator in Spain at that time, proclaimed Spain's neutrality, British intelligence revealed "...numerous examples of Spanish cooperation" in WWII, cooperation with both the Germans and Italians in order to carry out "espionage activities" and acts of "sabotage" against the British and their interests in Gibraltar (Cokely, 2007). According to…. [read more]

Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]

American History Role Term Paper

… The Truman Doctrine

As early as 1945, the United States began to recognize a threat coming from Moscow. The United States felt the threat was enough to cut reconstruction funding for Russia immediately after World War II. The Truman Doctrine essentially declared that communism and any other philosophies posed by the Soviet Union were serious threats to not only Europe but the United States and eventually the entire world. The Truman Doctrine stated that communism could no longer go unchecked. The United States took on a responsibility of helping the world either obtain or maintain democratic freedoms.

The true effect of the Truman Doctrine back in the United States, however, was one that systematically altered the American way of life in an almost subliminal way.…. [read more]

Atrocities in China 1939 and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial Thesis

… ¶ … Chinese Atrocities in 1939 and the Japanese War Crimes Trail

The Relative Scotch Free Post War Fates of Japanese Officials Responsible for the Atrocity of Nanking, in Comparison to the Heavy Convictions and Isolation faced by Former Nazi Officials

The televised happenings of the Nuremburg trial forever haunt former Nazi leaders and officers. Yet, former Japanese officers who committed relatively similar, if not worse, crimes then their European axis brethren have not been met with the same fateful consequences. Due to a lack of support from both China and the United States, the International Military Tribunal of the far East failed to convict nearly as many Japanese as its counter had in Germany. This is mainly due to an incompetent prosecution, with the…. [read more]

Nazi Germany and the Atomic Bomb Abstract Term Paper

… Nazi Germany and the Atomic Bomb

Abstract/Overview- With all the power in the Nazi regime, why were they unable to produce a successful nuclear program? Fortunately for the Allied forces, German efforts were a huge failure, as the United States was the first nation to drop an atomic bomb. Germany could have been successful; they had both the resources and the personnel, but instead put too much energy and resources into their rocket project and evicted some of the greatest scientific minds out of Germany into Allied hands.

There is a great body of research to lend information on such an examination. The current body of resources was acquired through the use of the online scholarly databases, Questia and JSTOR. The main key words used…. [read more]

Termed the Forgotten Battle Thesis

… Chapter Two: Literature Review

Background and Overview

In reality, it is not surprising that it required some time for the United States to recognize the strategic significance of the Aleutians. At the time, Alaska was not even a state and its geographic distance from the contiguous United States further distanced the region from the minds of American policymakers. For instance, according to Hodas-Walsh (1997, pp. 3-4), "Not only was Alaska and the Aleutians a secondary theater of war during World War II, the United States had always considered it of secondary importance." By the fin de siecle, though, the United States had in fact begun to take some interest in the archipelago but the interest was only modest and fleeting. In this regard, Hodas-Walsh (1997,…. [read more]

US Ignorance of Stalin's Crimes for Political and Diplomatic Purposes Term Paper

… U.S. ignorance of Stalin's crimes for political and diplomatic purposes

The history of the Soviet Union represents one of the most controversial aspects of the history of the world. Its turbulent past as well as its complex leaders led Russia to be considered one of the strangest and yet most fascinating subjects of study in the history of our civilization. The Second World War was in this sense one of the most representative moments in the contemporary times. More precisely, the directions which the European and American diplomacy was heading in determined the way in which the U.S.S.R. behaved and treated its own citizens. From this point-of-view, it can be said that the period of the Great Purge is relevant for underling two important issues.…. [read more]

Causes of War and the Conduct of Warfare Research Paper

… Clausewitz / Operation Barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa

No one starts a war -- or rather, no one in his senses ought to do so -- without first being clear in his mind what he intends to achieve by that war… (Clausewitz).

War is an act of violence intended to compel our enemy to fulfill our will, according to Carl von Clausewitz, and it is "not merely an act of policy but a true political instrument, a continuation of political intercourse, carried on with other means." Clausewitz's study Vorn Kriege (on War) (1976) established numerous maxims on war; however, the idea that war is a political instrument and is used to carry on "political intercourse" as well as Clausewitz's other theories on war illustrated in on War,…. [read more]

British History: Britain Essay

… Britain used its victory in this war together with victories in other battles to enhance its imperial power. Through its victory, Britain increased its imperialism as a colony of several countries across the globe, especially in Africa. If Britain could have lost the war, Adolf Hitler and Germany could have owned Europe, Middle East, Asia, and the entire African continent.

The Protestant Reformation:

The other major event in the history of Britain that had significant impacts on the country's society and her international presence is the protestant reformation in England. Protestantism was developed and introduced by the split in the Latin Christian church, which was initiated by Luther in 1517 and grew by several other people in the successive decades. From the time of Luther's…. [read more]

Landing at Normandy Research Paper

… Despite efforts both to keep the invasion a secret and also to misinform the German forces, the enemy was aware that something was to occur on the beaches of Normandy. However they truly felt that the invasion at Normandy was intended as a distraction and that the real attack was to be at the Pas-de-Calais (Battle). The Germans took most of their forces to this other location, leaving only 150,000 troops around Normandy Beach. Fieldmarshal Erwin Rommel of the Nazi forces, also called "The Desert Fox" was reluctant to remove so many of his troops all at once (Buckley 2006,-page 41). Cognizant of the potential implications, he was reported to have stated: "If we do not succeed in our mission to close the seas to…. [read more]

Battle of the Bulge Term Paper

… Battle of the Bulge

According to John Kline, the biggest and most costly battle of World War II began on December 16, 1944 which the German army referred to as their Ardennes Offensive. On this eventful day, "the (American) 106th Infantry Division... were hit with full force" by the German army, and after three days of fighting, "two of the Regiments, the 422nd and 423rd, were surrounded" which forced the 424th Regiment to join the 112th Regiment, part of the 28th Infantry Division. And working together as a massive armed team, these regiments and divisions "countered the German attack (by) driving the Germans back through the same area where the 106th had been in position in mid December 1944." Thus, "this German offensive became known…. [read more]

Roman Catholic Church and Nazi Germany Thesis

… ¶ … Roman Catholic Church and Nazi Germany

The world community has for the most part recovered emotionally and psychologically from the horrors of WWII that Nazi Germany -- led by Adolph Hitler -- perpetrated on the millions of people, including Jews, the gypsies, resisters and others. But the questions remain as to which organizations, religions and leaders aided Hitler in his madness. Those issues are still being raised today, seventy years later. This paper reviews the literature that reflects the involvement -- or lack of involvement -- of the Roman Catholic Church during the Third Reich in Germany, in particular the interaction Pope Pius XII had with Hitler.

It may come as a shock to many of the estimated one billion members of the…. [read more]

Vietnam Conflict ) To Viet Nam Enumerated Term Paper

… ¶ … Vietnam Conflict ) to Viet Nam enumerated in Loren Baritz' BACKFIRE. Or, using those reasons why we did what we did and Baritz' tripartite scheme that says the U.S. goes to war because of its (1) mythology, (2) its reliance on technology, and (3) its bureaucracy, attempt to answer a question already raised by a student in this course: "When should the U.S. go to War?" Or starting with Baritz' notions about technology, examine the function of the helicopter in DISPATCHES-make connections between and among. QUAGMIRE may well be a source in ANY paper for this course, or KIEU, or H&E or C&M or PA.

Analysis on The Truman Doctrine -- 1947

In the aftermath of the Second World War, tensions still loomed…. [read more]

America's Rise to World Power Term Paper

… ¶ … Boot's book, the Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power, adopts the topic of a handful of recent works focusing upon the oftentimes overlooked conflicts in American history. Essentially, Boot attempts to chronicle a history of the United States' more minor conflicts, yet he does so from an unabashedly neoconservative and neo-imperial perspective. In other words, Boot claims that small conflicts, which are typically those over colonies and foreign resources, are necessary to the overall creation and survival of an empire. Boot, by documenting the success and failures of the United States' military machine over the past several centuries, attempts to generate a picture of how American power has expanded and been sustained. He writes, "If there is…. [read more]

Islamic Extremism in Britain Term Paper

… Islamic Extremism in Britain

How Did a Minority of the Current Generation of British Muslims, Mainly Children and Grandchildren of Muslim Asian Immigrants to Britain After World War 2, Turn to Islamic Extremism, and How Much Influence Did the Preachings of the Fundamentalist Cleric Abu Hamza Al-Masri and His Contemporaries, Have on Them?]

"Euro-Islam: A Cultural Phenomenon" states that the Muslim population in Europe "bears many similarities to other immigrant groups. A large proportion of Muslims have withdrawn into isolation, partly because it is imposed upon them and partly as a matter of choice. Many seem to live alongside, rather than constitute part of, European society." (Schwerin, 2004) This fact has led many to have the concern that these communities, closed as they are, might…. [read more]

Marshall Plan and Its Results in Greece Term Paper

… Like most of Western Europe in the post-World War II years, Greece
faced many challenges. Greece's problems were a direct result of the war
and occupation by the Axis Powers and a direct result of internal conflicts
between various factions vying for power within the nation. Between World
War II and a brutal Civil War, Greece's infrastructure, people, and economy
were nearly devastated by the late 1940s. The United States' famous
European Recovery Program, more commonly known as the Marshall Plan,
combined with the Truman Doctrine helped rebuild the shambles that was the
Greek government and nation following the stresses of excessive and violent
internal and external conflict.
The need for outside assistance was obvious to the western world in
the years following World War…. [read more]

South Korean & German Trade Show Industry Dissertation

… Trade Show Industry in Germany and South Korea

Trade as Marketing and Communication

Area of Study

Study Components

The History of Trade

History of Trade Shows

Patterns of Trade Shows

Marketing Theories

Trade Shows and Market Entry

Development of the Trade Show Industry

Contributions of the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Processes in the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Planning and Tactical Considerations in the Trade Show Industry

Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research

Data Analysis Plan


Effects of the Defense Authorization Act of 1916 and 1920 on the National Guard Research Paper

… ¶ … Defense Authorization Act of 1916 & 1920 on the National Guard

In 1790, President George Washington and Henry Knox, who was a military leader at that time tried to persuade the Continental Congress to establish a federally controlled militia, and despite their convincing argument about the benefits that the United States would derive from such military policy, the Continental Congress did not accept their proposal. For over 150 years after President Washington and Henry Knox failed to persuade the Continental Congress, numerous military and political leaders repeated similar efforts, however, the Congress repeatedly denied their initiations. During this period, attempt to rectify wars by the War Department met with ideological protests and several military and political leaders revealed the impact of the threats…. [read more]

Disrupting America's Economic System Term Paper

… The U.S. Treasury, led by Andrew Shaw, subsidized these gold flows by offering to temporarily place public deposits in banks if they imported gold from abroad.

The policy lowered the gold import point by offsetting the interest lost while gold was in transit. Goodhart [1969], however, notes that the gold import point was often low enough to have justified specie inflows without the subsidy. In the fixed exchange rate world of 1906, such large gold outflows were a significant threat to a country's ability to maintain the par value of its currency, which, for the pound sterling, was $4.867.

Faced with its lowest ratio of reserves to deposits since the 1893 crisis, the Bank of England nearly doubled its discount rate, from 3 1/2% on…. [read more]

Atomic Bomb Term Paper

… ¶ … Atomic Bomb and the Deciding Event in Persuading the United States to Pursue Development of Nuclear Weapons

The following research study is conducted through a qualitative review of literature relating to the Manhattan Project and the atomic bomb developed and use in World War II against Japan. Japan was a formidable enemy in that the Japanese were very gung ho and did not care nor see any value in compromise and it is the failure of the Japanese to attempt to compromise so that the war and the associated deaths could be ended as well that resulted in the United States making use of the atomic bomb. The atomic bomb development program was top secret therefore the program had been compartmentalized to lessen…. [read more]

Iran Instability Thesis

… ]

Rise in occurrences of terrorism

It was back in 1979 when Islamic Revolution was complete and since then Iran has grown consistently to be among those countries that actively support terrorism and terrorist cells across the world. Tehran is one the major states in Iran that is reputed to have equipped, educated, monetarily supported, stimulated, prepared, and otherwise encouraged a large number of terrorist groups through the years. Iran has been known to support not just terrorist cells in the Persian Gulf region, but have also been known to support additional terrorist cells and groups in the regions of Lebanon, Palestine, Bosnia and Philippines amongst other places. This encouragement and backup has sustained to stay strong in recent times as well: the U.S. administration…. [read more]

Machine Age the Five Architectural Projects Reviewed Essay

… Machine Age

The five architectural projects reviewed in this section represent the pinnacle of a confluence of a number of different factors that pertain to the early half of the 20th century. For the first time, man focused on erecting structures with an unparalleled degree of height and functionality that suited a variety of purposes. Yet as a review of the following pages indicates, the process by which the technology, craftsmanship, and managerial principles necessary for this type of efficiency elucidates some of the most salient aspects of the Machine Age.

It is far from coincidental that some of the most well-known architects during this epoch originated from Germany, particularly when one considers the impact Germany had on the first part of the 20th century…. [read more]

History of Events Term Paper

… The United States has a stake in the region. The protection of South Korea and Japan, both of whom would be drawn into a nuclear conflict, is important. From a strategic standpoint, the U.S. military presence in the region is important because it can keep an eye on the Chinese.

The U.S. press often bandies the India-Pakistan conflict, though because of Afghanistan and Iraq it has not made the news. In the coming future, the region of Indian Kashmir will eventually attain independent statehood. Though it is a political football that will be tossed around for a few more years. The European Union will grow stronger to counter American strength. Though one can safely concur that the EU will be strategic partners. Some of the…. [read more]

Origins, History of the IMF Term Paper

… SRF: Supplemental Reserve Facility loans are to be repaid within a year and a half, and there is a substantial surcharge of 3-5 percentage points.

CCL: This is under the same repayment criteria as SRF, but the surcharge is less (1.5 to 3.5 percentage points).

CFF: This type of loan was designed to help a country experiencing a very sudden "shortfall" in export earnings (caused by world commodity fluctuations), and the financial terms match those of the SBA (except CCF loans have no surcharge).

In the event of a nation suffering a natural disaster like an earthquake, flood, typhoon, or other calamities, or for a country just emerging from war, the IMF provides "Emergency Assistance" loans. They are subject to the basic rate of charge,…. [read more]

Global Refugee Regime Term Paper

… There are those who manage to get away from their native lands but do not attempt to cross their national borders and such people are termed "internal refugees." The UNHCR tries to cope with such refugees too, for instance, those who had to leave, due to the tension in 1992, from Transdniesteria. The UNHCR indulges in other activities too. Besides providing a secure place and help to such people it joins hands with the many aid agencies and non-governmental organizations to bring to the attention of the world the hindrances and problems faced by internal and international refugees.

The UNHCR supports and helps millions of refugees. The number of refugees keeps increasing by the day and the various crises have done nothing but to add…. [read more]

Censorship in Music Term Paper

… The Spanish-born Pablo Casals (1876-1973), who enjoyed a spectacular international career as a violin and cello virtuoso and conductor, was considered to be one of the finest musicians of his day. However, he had a rather harsh assessment of rock and roll in the early 1960s, one that should be viewed through the filter of a person whose life was devoted to European fine-art music.

You want to know what I think of that abomination, rock 'n' roll? I think it is a disgrace. Poison put to sound! When I hear it I feel very sad not only for music but for the people who are addicted to it. I am also very sorry for America-- that such a great country should have nothing better…. [read more]

George Magnus Is a Leading Term Paper

… Even though, the crisis in 2008 didn't led to a collapse of the capitalism. The way Marx analyzed the misunderstandings between the labor and capital and it causing political and economical unrest politically. Where Smith was sure that public institutions were necessary to good working economy, Magnus didn't agree with notion. As mentioned earlier, Magnus is more inclined towards Marx's economist theories as opposed to Smiths. In his opinion, the economic crisis of 2008 revealed due to the environment created in different economies simultaneously. The house hold debt to GDP augmented and kept on increasing.

The theories and works of Magnus are strongly affected by and are somewhat in favor of Marx's work as well. Just as Marx pointed out, there would be conflict between…. [read more]

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