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Giftedness: Literature Review Term Paper

… Giftedness: Literature Review

Giftedness

The issue of giftedness and the problematics of identifying and dealing with the gifted child in the educational environment is one that has raised concern and even contention in academic circles. The question of giftedness is also strongly related to the ongoing debate and research about human Intelligence. Some critics state that in contemporary research "... giftedness and gifted education have somehow managed to escape comparable critical analysis" (Margolin, 1994, p. xiii). One of the reasons given for this lack of focus is the dominance of studies on deviance and social problems in education, which has led to the relegation of the question of giftedness to the periphery of modern educational and sociological discourse. This has resulted in a situation where"...…. [read more]


Alternative Assessment Spec ED Article Review

… ¶ … Giftedness is an intellectual ability that is significantly higher than average, not a skill, but an innate talent and aptitude that may be general or specific. Just as there are special needs for children who appear on the left side of the bell curve, so should there be for children on the far right. However, these students are often neglected in terms of special programing due to beliefs that they can just do "extra work" within a mainstreamed environment. From the 1920s to the 1970s, the trend in Western countries was to set up special schools to educate those who fell outside the norms of the bell curve, but by the 1980s most educators favored merging special and regular education in a comprehensive…. [read more]


Psychosocial Issues Affecting African-American Students Research Paper

… Friends and peers as well as others in the psychosocial realm of the teens prove critical in their struggle. Ideally, the adolescent exits this stage and enters early adulthood with a strong sense of self and identity. At times, however, teens do not develop a sense of self and merely adopt vague beliefs or perceptions devoid of definition; contributing to an undesirable position defined as identity diffusion. The following table relates Erik Erikson's psychosocial stages of development and proffers stages and definitions of adaptive ways for a person to cope in each stage.

Table.

Erikson's psychosocial stages of development (Thomas-Cottingham, 2004).

STAGE

APPROXIMATE AGES

ADAPTIVE WAYS OF COPING

Trust vs. mistrust

Birth to 18 months

When caregiver proves responsive to infant's needs, he or she…. [read more]


Gifted Middle School Students Thesis

… Information pertaining to abstracts of journal articles about how to evaluate gifted students was input into a database, while a separate database was used for the compilation of instruments used by school districts that have been approved by professional organizations. Lastly, there was another database of information relating to national evaluations that assess the efficacy of programs for gifted students. Findings indicate that factors that are germane to proper identification of gifted students revolve about guidelines for implementation such as establishing the credibility of an evaluator, the employment of varying forms of data gathering methods, as well as the maintenance of proper communication between clients to determine an evaluation's validity. It should be noted that the majority of these findings are obvious, although there were…. [read more]


Meeting the Needs of the Gifted and Talented Students in a Regular Classroom Research Proposal

… Gifted Program

It is difficult to find anything in the U.S. that has not been affected, one way or the other, by the current economic problems. Unfortunately, education is often the first to suffer from budget cuts. Even in the best of times, this is an area that receives the financial blows. Within the educational systems, the electives and special programs are ever more precarious. Thus, it comes as no surprise that the National Association of Gifted Children's (2009) "The State of the States in Gifted Education" report lists a number of states that have reduced or eliminated their gifted programsFive states decreased funding for gifted education in 2008-2009, four of these had increased funding in the prior year, while one had held funding constant.…. [read more]


Good Behavior Game Literature Review

… Behavior Game

Good Behavior Game

The Good Behavior Game is a class room management tool designed by Harriet H. Barrish, Muriel Saunders, and Montrose M. Wolf of the University of Kansas in1969 as an interdependent group-oriented activity to suppress inappropriate classroom behaviors. The purpose of this paper is to explain how the Good Behavior Game works and examine some of the research studies on the game, their applications, and their results.

Melody Tankersly (1995) reports that the Good Behavior Game has been shown through systematic replication and extension to be successful in reducing levels of inappropriate social behavior by using peers as the change agents. The game is a team-based behavior management technique. Students are encouraged to control their own behavior and the behavior of…. [read more]


MA or Phd Level Dissertation

… Alston and Noble most definitely did not simply synthesize the information, but combined a process of synthesis with a great deal of analysis and mindful new thoughts. Jordan's review, while strong, was the weakest of the three -- it was simply not as robust and thoroughly cited as the others. In some ways, one can see some author bias not just in what was included, but in what was not. Jordan's presented only one side of many of the arguments surrounding giftedness, while Alston and Noble were more thorough in their presentation of numerous, and sometimes counter, arguments.

However, the process of breaking down the literature into subject and chronological templates not only became very obvious, but allowed for a real-world example of how best…. [read more]


Fine Arts and the K-12 Curriculum Essay

… Fine Arts & the K-12 Curriculum

Including the fine arts in a K-12 curriculum has become a controversial issue in educational institutions and local school settings. Some educators and administrators view the arts as a "frivolous" appendage to the overall school program. Others believe it is an integral part of developing well; rounded individuals and contend that the arts support academic achievement. Since the arts are not included in high stakes testing and are not a part of the No Child Left Behind legislation, communities in support of fine arts programs are finding it difficult to justify the resources and time allocated for music, art and drama when offered. In higher education, over the years, your institution's fine arts department has built an extensive community…. [read more]


Gifted Children With Learning Disabilities Theoretical Implications and Instructional Challenge Term Paper

… Gifted Children With Learning Disabilities

Vidya's "Gifted Children With Learning Disabilities":

An in Interpretive Review

In her article, "Gifted children with learning disabilities: Theoretical implications and instructional challenge," Shelia R. Vaidya discusses the challenging subject of teaching special education students on both sides of the dichotomy. She states that students with learning disabilities, who are often unable to perform or remain alert during class, are often gifted as well, able to talk about subjects with a sufficient degree of critical thinking skills. According to Vidya, these students often exhibit their giftedness in one-on-one teaching and tutoring sessions. Furthermore, she states that teaching these learners is often challenging, but can be done when considering a variety of methods and factors, including portfolios, psychological tests, teacher-parent conferencing…. [read more]


RTI Response to Intervention Term Paper

… In short, early childhood educators as a group may be more focused on basic skill development and more accustomed to flexible and responsive service delivery than their elementary school counterparts. Therefore, it seems possible that RTI would be more readily accepted in early childhood, as it likely represents less of a philosophical or pedagogical shift at the preschool level.

Principles of RTI

Four key principles that consistently appear in models of RTI include the procedure of (1) entire screening of students in the school to detect the ones who are at risk of low academic performance, (2) a school wide, multi-tiered approach to prevent such school failure, (3) continuous monitoring of progress (hereafter progress monitoring) to document a student's progress (or lack thereof) and to…. [read more]


Second Language Learning Motivations of Non-Heritage Chinese Research Proposal

… ¶ … Second Language Learning Motivations of Non-Heritage Chinese Learners in University Credit Courses

The 21st century has been dubbed the "Century of Asia" with China leading the way. Moreover, the number of people who speak some form of Chinese all over the world is enormous, and many experts suggest that individuals who are bilingual and fluent in Chinese as a second language will be in big demand in the future. This demand is being fueled to some degree by the need for Chinese speakers in North America as well. For instance, over the course of the next 2 decades, the respective representation of minorities in Canada is projected to continue to increase so that, by the year 2016, it is estimated that visible minorities…. [read more]


Mathematics Z-Model Framework in Middle School Thesis

… This unique framework has 4 domains, and while this study investigates the Z-model's use in the mathematics curriculum, this framework is focused on improving and enhancing students' achievement in any course of study.



The four domains involved in the Z-model create a comprehensive educational understanding and framework for use in improving educational progress. They are:


  1. Brain development, and efforts in the classroom which can enhance/promote brain development.

  2. How project-based learning can be utilized in order to fully engage the student in the learning community.

  3. Data-Driven instruction (the second half of the breadth - vs. - depth debate). The students must be held accountable to learn a specific knowledge base of facts, figures, and formulae. Without objective measurement of the educational progress,…. [read more]


Change Management Implications of Lenovo's Acquisition Term Paper

… Change Management Implications of Lenovo's Acquisition of IBM Computer's Personal Computer Division

Lenovo's takeover of IBM PC is described as a 'snake eating an elephant.' -- Ling Zhijun, "The Lenovo Affair: The Growth of China's Computer Giant and Its Takeover of IBM-PC," 2006

The epigraph above suggests that the recent acquisition of IBM Computer's personal computer division by the up-and-coming Chinese concern Lenovo was a painful affair, and the scholarly literature concerning change management bears likewise suggests that there were some difficult challenges involved throughout the process as well. The early history of Lenovo is fairly unremarkable, with the company being first established in 1984 to sell computer parts manufactured under the IBM label. By 1990, though, Lenovo was selling personal computers under its own…. [read more]


Educational Deficiencies of Delinquent Case Study

… Another control variable explicitly included in this study was exceptionality status; students with disabilities and giftedness. Previous studies document a connection between disabilities and academic underachievement and indicate that disabled students were more likely to have disciplinary problems and were more likely to be suspended and expelled. Moreover, exceptionality status was significantly related to all of the other variables of educational deficiencies being examined in this study. The researchers matched all cases of exceptionality status to compare delinquent and nondelinquent students in terms of academic performance, attendance, and disciplinary problems. Previous studies had reported a high prevalence of disabilities among delinquent students as compared to non-delinquent students, however, none of the studies controlled for exceptionality status in their research efforts to compare school performance between…. [read more]


Positive Outcome in the Educational Term Paper

… Third, there is a growing awareness that rapid technological change and our nation's economic competativeness will compel workers to adapt existing skills and learn new ones to optimize performance.

As noted, interest in thinking and problem solving has been renewed, but traditional approaches to teaching these skills have met with very mixed results (Nickerson, Perkins, & Smith, 1986). It now appears that the efficacy of these efforts was determined by at least three interrelated factors: First, instructional designers often failed to appreciate the importance of domain-specific knowledge in effective thinking and problem solving (Chi, Glaser, & Farr, 1988). Programs that emphasize the use of generic reasoning and problem-solving heuristics may be theoretically general across situations, but they usually lack power in any specific situation (Anderson,…. [read more]

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