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Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams Term Paper

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams and the short story "A Rose for Emily" by William Faulkner. Specifically it will discuss the image of Southern women and womanhood in the two works. It will also look at how Southern women live sheltered and unrealistic lives. Both of these dissimilar works have central characters that epitomize the Southern woman - delicate, sheltered, and harboring unrealistic goals about themselves and their relationships with men. Both characters live staunchly in the past, unable to face a future without men or love in their lives.

Both these works portray the lives of southern women as they were in the past, and these two characters, Amanda and Emily, continually live in the past in a desperate attempt to block…. [read more]

Menagerie Revised Prince, Don't Ask Term Paper

… S. alongside Faulkner, which is also given away by Amanda's continual references to her days as a young lady in the South and her slipping into an overdone southern accent talking to "The Gentleman Caller" (Williams 442) but no one else. Some writers focus on the superficial theme of tragedy that is the most obvious element on the surface of The Glass Menagerie and ignore the potential future growth this essay has tried to reveal (e.g. Janardanan 51). Williams himself wrote in the 1948 preface to the play how struggle is "the sort of life for which the human organism is created" (Williams 1045), which he found had disappeared once he became rich and famous after the initial success of The Glass Menagerie. In this…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams Thesis

… " Certainly, there are people in the world who, like Laura, are simply to meek and fragile to face up to reality. Their perception of the real world is vastly different since they opted to live in a world of their making because this world is less harsh compared to what they will be facing for real. Unfortunately though, this make-believe world they have built is like Laura's glass menagerie -- fragile and easily breakable; once this occurs the "real" reality will set in.

The narrator of the play is Tom, and as "a 'memory play,' he recalls scenes from his youth during the Depression (Frederic, 2007). Comparing Tom to Amanda and Laura, it is quite difficult to judge him as to whether what he…. [read more]

Tennessee Williams Biography Term Paper

… Williams' mother was a controlling woman, like Amanda in the play. Laura, the protagonist's disabled sister, is often compared to Williams' own sister, Rose, for whom he cared for much of her life as an adult. His mother in fact approved a frontal lobotomy on his sister, which was greatly disturbing to the playwright. Despite the wide acclaim of this play, some critics have been negative. One reviewer for example mentions a deficiency in humor (Evans in Devlin 14). However, despite the grimness of the plot, Williams insists that there is a subtle humor that runs along with the plot. The strength of his characters for example precludes humor of the frivolous, slap-stick kind.

Streetcar Named Desire

This play concerns Blanche, a lonely, unhappy and…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams' Play Term Paper

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie

Tennessee Williams' play "The Glass Menagerie" introduces a series of strong ideas through its characters and its storyline. Audiences are likely to feel compassionate towards the characters and acknowledge the fact that the contemporary society is obsessed with material values. The play abounds in instances where characters attempt to detach themselves from the real world, acting as if they would practically acknowledge they are on a stage, but refuse to accept the roles they were assigned. Gene Roddenberry's 1966 episodes 11 and 12, titled "The Menagerie," in the Star Trek TV series, bring on a series of similar ideas, as they emphasize the concept of illusion as something that desperate people cling to, in spite of being well-acquainted with their actual…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie by T. Williams Dysfunction Essay

… Glass Menagerie by T. Williams

Dysfunction in the Wingfield Family: Escapism and Illusion in the Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams

In the play "The Glass Menagerie," Tennessee Williams' characterization and portrayal of the Wingfields showed them as having aspirations and dreams in life that clashed with their realities. Williams' characterization of the Wingfield family is that, they are a dysfunctional family that created an illusion wherein they nurtured the idea that they are not poor, reflecting their unwillingness to accept their status in life. Interestingly, despite this denial, the Wingfield family tried to reinforce this unwillingness by creating a world of illusion around them, wherein each family member can achieve his or her dreams and aspirations in life. Sadly, though, the creation of this illusion…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie What Was the American Dream Essay

… Glass Menagerie

What was the American Dream in the 1940's? What message does Williams convey about the American Dream, and what are the possibilities that each member of the Wingfield family will realize the dream?

Tennessee Williams challenges the traditional concept of the American dream in The Glass Menagerie. The Windfield family is experiencing a significant level of economic frustration. Although the concept of the American dream might be suitable for some, such as Jim, it certainly doesn't apply to everyone. Jim believes that with hard work and dedication that he can push his life on an upward trajectory. He believes in self-help, education, and the promise of technology. He also believes that if he gives his full effort that he can go as far…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams Play Term Paper

… The absence of a strong father figure, of a role model, leads him to try to find answers to simple or more complicated questions in literature, movies or in his drinking companions. Furthermore, he is disoriented and there is no father to take the burden of supporting a family form his shoulders. He does not resent his mother and sister for that, but he will have to leave them in order for him not to loose his sanity and find his own vocation into this world.

Laura, who appears to be the most fragile of them all, is in some ways, stronger then them. She is unfortunately kept back by a small physical disability and her extreme shyness is not helping her either. Although loving,…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams Term Paper

… When he drinks, Tom can give himself permission to not think about life, and permission to not feel responsible for his mother or sister. In a way, Amanda and Laura are using Tom as a surrogate until another man can come along and rescue them.

In one of the most pivotal scenes of the play, Jim who has been invited to dinner as a potential suitor for Laura, finally understands why he was invited. He explains to Amanda that he plans to marry soon, then he quickly leaves. Amanda lashes out at her son, who leaves to go to the movies. "She screams after him that he can go to the moon since he is nothing but a selfish dreamer anyway. The final scene is…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie the 1940s Term Paper

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie

The 1940s was a period that presented substantial challenges for American women. Indeed, the decade of the Forties proved extremely difficult for women who were pursuing fairness in the workplace, in education and in career opportunities. Also, women pushing for social justice, competent healthcare, and political opportunities in the Forties found themselves up against old biases and recalcitrant male-dominated institutions. Albeit women had been enfranchised as voters for over twenty years, they were often left out in the cold and seen as weak, even helpless. And even when the U.S. became involved in WWII, and millions of men - boyfriends, brothers, husbands, relatives - went off to fight, women in the workplace were viewed as inadequate replacements. In Tennessee Williams' the…. [read more]

Play the Glass Menagerie Term Paper

… By the final scene in the play, Tom has physically left his mother and sister, but he cannot escape the memory of his sister. In the play, Laura has a physical disability. This disability symbolizes her inability to escape from her mother and the life they are destined to live together. Tom knows he cannot save his sister from this, and it breaks his heart, but he knows he cannot stay either. Like his father before him, Tom must leave, and he does. However, he feels real anguish for his sister. Just as the father sends his family a postcard that says "Hello- good bye," Tom is haunted by remembering his sister so intently that he feels as if she is there, but realizes he…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams Could Not Help Term Paper

… Glass Menagerie

Tennessee Williams could not help but to embed elements of his personal life into one of his most memorable plays the Glass Menagerie. Themes of mental illness, paternal abandonment, and the breakdown of traditional Southern social norms pervade the play. Using rich symbolism and metaphor, Williams crafts a semi-autobiographical "memory play," (Durham p. 61). Told through the eyes of narrator Tom, the story of the Wingfields remarkably resembles Williams' own life. Tennessee Williams was born with the name Thomas, like the play's narrator. Moreover, Tennessee's sister Rose suffered from a debilitating illness: schizophrenia. Laura Wingfield's severe detachment from reality parallels Rose's and in fact, Jim called Laura a Blue Rose. Tennessee's father escaped through alcohol. His emotional detachment and abandonment of his family…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie the Autobiographical Pretenses Essay

… Glass Menagerie

The Autobiographical Pretenses of the Glass Menagerie

A textual analysis of Williams' work must be entered with a thorough understanding of his biographical experiences. Though these do not form the basis for an analysis of his literature, which may stand up to critical scrutiny apart from the figure of the writer, the details of Tennessee Williams' life form a compelling backdrop for the settings, subjects and ideals purported within his work. Thus, a consideration of the biographical context of the 1945 play, The Glass Menagerie, will be useful and illuminating as we venture to interpret the moral intentions this work.

This is certainly true from a consideration of his childhood and early adulthood in St. Louis. Williams would feel himself quite personally alienated…. [read more]

Literature the Glass Menagerie Term Paper

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams. The story of the Wingfield family is tragic and without hope. Laura, the daughter, walks with a limp and is painfully shy and afraid of the "real" world. Her brother, Tom, only wants to leave the family behind, and the mother cannot forget her past to get on with her future. The family is tragic, and the most tragic figure is Laura, whose only real enjoyment is polishing the little glass animals she collects, the "glass menagerie." Williams wrote this play in 1944, and it won the New York Drama Critics Circle Award in 1945. Laura in "The Glass Menagerie" is a tragic figure because she is so dependent upon her family and because she is desperately afraid…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie Methods of Escape Essay

… As she tells Tom's friend Jim, "in the South we had so many servants. Gone, gone, gone. All vestige of gracious living! Gone completely! I wasn't prepared for what the future brought me" (64). While Amanda recognizes that her days of luxury and comfort are well behind her, she focuses much of her attention on trying to recreate those early years by securing a good husband for her daughter, so that they might all escape their current squalid lifestyle.

Of all of the Wingfields, Laura is the most detached from reality, having already partially escaped from the everyday world through the elaborate fantasies that she creates with her glass figurines. Paralysed by shyness and unable to function in most social situations, Laura can only truly…. [read more]

Tennessee Williams' "The Glass Menagerie Term Paper

… After high school, Jim did not quite realize his dreams. And though he worked at a job below his abilities, he had been taking coursework in electronic engineering and public speaking. Recognizing that television was a wave of the future, he wanted to make it big in media communication.

In the course of his visit and dinner, Jim succeeds in penetrating Laura's shyness barrier. He gradually draws her out even getting her to dance with him. Laura and Jim rekindle a glimmer of romance and they kiss. Eventually, later he confesses that he is engaged to a woman Betsy and would be soon married. Later, the lights go out -- a result of Tom not having paid the electricity bill -- using the money instead…. [read more]

William Wallace Essay

… The Battle of Stirling Bridge is the prime example of Wallace's military skill, because he was able to deliver a humiliating defeat to the English despite their vastly superior forces.


Azaryahu, Maoz and Kenneth E. Foote. "Historical Space as Narrative Medium: On the Configuration of Spatial Narratives of Time at Historical Sites." GeoJournal 73, no. 3

(2008): 179-194.

Barrow, G.W.S. The Kingdom of the Scots. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2003.

Cowan, Edward. "William Wallace: The Choice of the Estates" in The Wallace Book .

Edinburgh: John Donald, 2007.

Duncan, A.A.M. "William Wallace: Son of Alan Wallace" in The Wallace Book. Edinburgh:

John Donald, 2007.

Lindley, Arthur. "Scotland saved from history: Welles's macbeth and the ahistoricism of medieval film." Literature/Film Quarterly 29 (2001): 96-100.

Arthur…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams's Play Essay

… This is a truth that few were willing to admit in the middle of the twentieth century (Scanlon). Most families depicted in films and plays from this era show patriarchal families with maternal homemakers. If there was a single family home shown in works of fiction then it is most often because of death, not desertion. Reality is rarely so wonderful; few families get along all the time and few problems can be easily solved with a few words of sage advice from a well-dressed and financially stable father. Different families have various reasons behind their psychological difficulties and the Wingfields are no exception. There is no one reason why these three people do not get along well together but rather there are many things…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie the World Term Paper

… Therefore there is very reason to believe that his own feelings for her sister and mother directed the relationship between the two.

Harold Bloom writes: "The key sentence, dramatically, is: "Oh Laura, Laura, I tried to leave you behind me, but I am more faithful than I intended to be!" In his descriptive list of the characters, Williams says of his surrogate, Wingfield: "His nature is not remorseless, but to escape from a trap he has to act without pity." What would pity have been? And in what sense is Wingfield more faithful, after all, than he attempted to be?" (4-5)

For critical and in-depth analysis of the relationship between Laura and Amanda, we cannot disregard Tom's role in this connection. This is because Tom…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie and "Death of a Salesman Term Paper

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie and "Death of a Salesman": Escaping into Dreams

The plays "The Glass Menagerie" by Tennessee Williams and "Death of a Salesman" by Arthur Miller share a similar theme in that they both explore themes related to living in reality vs. living in a fantasy or a dream life. Both plays feature a main character that is living in a fantasy. In "Death of a Salesman," the main character is Willy Loman, an unsuccessful salesperson who lives in a fantasy world where he believes he is successful. In "The Glass Menagerie," the main character is Laura Wingfield, a young girl who escapes into a fantasy world to avoid the problems of her life. Despite these similarities in the characters, their circumstances and…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie: The Importance Term Paper

… Therefore, the shadow of the father deeply touches the lives of all the characters. "Although absent, he is a "fifth character" who propels the actions of the other characters." (Rosefeldt P. 40)

Amanda is still in love with her husband. This is evident from the many references she makes to him in conversations. His picture reminds her of a time when her life was filled with hope and security. " For Amanda Wingfield, her absent husband represents a blessed memory of a time when she was secure in her roles as wife and mother." (Tischler 28) She tries to recreate, through remembrances, the past by " ... forcing her children to play roles that recall to the present an idealized version of their father." (Rosefeldt…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie in the Case Term Paper

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie

In the case of Amanda and Laura in "The Glass Menagerie" by Tennessee Williams, gender is an important factor because as Levy maintains, Amanda "exploits her maternal concern about Laura's lack of marital prospects as a means of identifying with her own past" (Levy). Amanda is more capable of this because she is a woman and has a past. She has something from which she can draw and, hence, force upon Laura. She projects herself onto Laura and wishes to live vicariously through her. Levy is correct in stating that Amanda uses others to reflect her own self-image. All she has is her past and her daughter and she wishes to not only live through Laura but also cast her past…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie What Was the American Dream Essay

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie

What was the American Dream in the 1940's? What message does Williams convey about the American Dream, and what are the possibilities that each member of the Wingfield family will realize the dream?

The American Dream in the 1940s was that anyone, provided that he or she worked hard enough, could achieve success. For men, that meant getting a good, preferably, white-collar job. For women, it meant marrying well, or, as in the case of Amanda, seeing her daughter Laura marry well and her son Tom advance in his position at the warehouse where he worked. However, the reality is that Amanda is a fading Southern belle who has lost her charm, while Laura is painfully shy and is physically crippled.…. [read more]

Glasser Indicates That Teachers Can Be Guilty Essay

… Glasser indicates that teachers can be guilty of seven deadly habits, but must develop seven connecting habits instead. What can teachers do to ensure they develop these connecting habits?

It is easy for a teacher to fall into the habit of practicing William Glasser's "Seven Deadly Habits." While a teacher may need to correct a student from time to time, it is very easy to fall into a habit of criticizing the student without giving him or her clear direction for improvement. The fifth or sixth time that a teacher must remind a student to turn in his or her homework on time, there is the temptation to say with some sarcasm: "oh, so you say that TOMORROW you will give me the past four…. [read more]

William James, Complete Religious Experience Essay

… In a similar, way St. Thomas quotes Jesus as saying: "The heavens and the earth will be rolled up in your presence. And one who lives from the Living One will not see death." (111). In other words, the worshipper will be so immersed in phenomenological vividness of God that that is all there is. "The Kingdom of the Father is spread out upon the earth, and men do not see it." (ii3) -- For it is only seen by experience.

Action comes from the very essence -- the soul - of the human. Religion -- or consent to a God -- cannot simply come from acquiescence and from a theoretical acknowledgement of God's existence. James described this in a psychological way in his 'Principals…. [read more]

Play and Its Effects on Childhood Literacy Term Paper

… Play And Literacy

Play and its Effects on Early Childhood Literacy Development

Over the last two decades, a dramatic change has taken place with kindergarten students. Play has been pushed out of the curriculum by a range of factors, including larger class sizes and a focus on standardization of testing and curricula that have reached all the way down to the youngest students. Play has also been marginalized by elementary teachers who in the last generation began substituting words like 'explore' or 'discover' for play. This substitution has been made in an attempt to make literacy and math activities more exciting for students. The traditional classrooms, with their spacious rooms, unlimited time for unstructured art, music, dance, and freedom to take time to practice and…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie: An Uncertain Reality Term Paper

… In the activity, the unicorn is knocked over and loses its horn.

Jim is mortified, of course, but Laura forgives him and points out that the unicorn is now only a normal horse. He's so taken by her attitude that he gives her a quick kiss, only to quickly explain that he is involved in a serious relationship. He leaves only moments later, and Laura offers him the broken figure.

This illustrates the fragility of fantasies. Just as the ruler of the glass menagerie can be reduced to a simple animal by an accident, Laura understands that she is not a princess within her imaginary any longer but only an ordinary girl. Imaginary worlds are fine for daydreams and periods of reverie, but they are…. [read more]

Analyzing a Story Essay

… ¶ … Glass Menagerie": The Importance of Socialization

Tennessee Williams has a reputation for innovation and the power to be profoundly poignant. "The Glass Menagerie" is a play that is based on several revisions of short stories and somewhat based on his life. This is a family play and a play that is composed of a series of memories. The narrator and protagonist is Tom Wingfield. The story is of a certain period in his family's history. The characters are Tom, his sister Laura, his mother, Amanda, Mr. Wingfield who walked out on the family, and somewhat of a mysterious character, a friend of Tom's from high school, Jim O'Connor. As with all of Williams' pieces of work, there are many themes and symbols running…. [read more]

Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams Essay

… " (O'Connor, 3)

In The Glass Menagerie, we find the character of Tom held hostage by his sister's illness, his mother's demands and his own passive misery. The conditions in which these characters persist in the play are made more devastating by knowledge of Williams' true formative experience. One can sense that just as Tom and Amanda Wingfield share an unhealthy codependency, so did Williams perceive his relationship with his own mother thusly. Tom's dialogue seethes with a resentment that is clearly driven by Williams' own recollections. From the opening scene of the play, where the imposing mother instructs her adult son on how he should best eat the food on his plate, the tension between the characters is unsettling. Tom responds to her instructions…. [read more]

Story on the Glass Menagerie Thesis

… ¶ … American Dream

Depicted in the Glass Menagerie

Tennessee Williams' play, the Glass Menagerie is an insightful American tale that brings attention to emotionally and economically weakened individuals that attempt to survive in a world that proves to be too much for them. Tom, Laura, and Amanda are people that face certain difficulties surviving in the real world. They share a meager existence that is peppered with dashing hopes and dreams. The Wingfield's share a common hope in Jim, a pivotal character that represents all the hope in the world as well as all of the despair for the Wingfields. Through symbolism and imagery, Williams successfully paints a portrait of a struggling American family attempting to get by on fleeting hopes and dreams because…. [read more]

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