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Terrorism Research Paper

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m. Federal Bureau of Investigation -- 28 C.F.R. §0.85

"[Terrorism is] [t]he unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a Government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives."[footnoteRef:17] [17: (The Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2005).]

3. Two Approaches to the Complexity of Terrorism Definitions

As nations struggle to define terrorism in order to target and combat it, the conflicting viewpoints and interests become obvious in the sheer number of their definitions, all focusing on a single word: terrorism. Even within the United States, separate governmental departments rely on separate definitions. In the face of these burgeoning and changing definitions, scholars have attempted to find a common ground from which we…. [read more]

Global Efforts to Reduce Terrorism: Have They Been Effective? Essay

… ' For reasons that will be highlighted in the subsequent sections of this text, this approach has largely been ineffective.

There is the well-founded claim that one of the reasons the war on terror is being lost in many parts of the words is as a result of failure to grasp the workings and the grand strategy of terrorist formations. For instance, with regard to al-Qaeda, Gartenstein-Ross (2012) is of the opinion that the U.S. continues to lose the plot as far as the war against terror is concerned due to its inability to understand and integrate the grand strategy of al-Qaeda. In his well argued analysis, Gartenstein-Ross (2012) points out that as per al-Qaeda's understanding, the Soviet economy collapsed as a result of the…. [read more]

Terrorism and National Policy Essay

… S. went on to attack Iraq amidst the reservations of its allies. This policy gave priority on American freedom and dismissed the views of other nations where the views were deemed secondary or irrelevant. This approach led to the U.S. To have more enemies than it did before

Thirdly, Bush policy saw his administration engage in costly decisions. The Bush policy involved taking costly choices that were unpopular with its allies. These decisions include the following measures, which were undertaken. First, the U.S. set up the Guantanamo Bay after the September 11 attacks. The Guantanamo Bay prison was set to hold suspects of terrorism who was indefinitely detained and without charge. Secondly, Bush policy also was characterized by torture, as characterized by the Abu Ghraib…. [read more]

Terrorism Organizations What Is Terrorism? Research Paper

… Prevention and mitigation methods are complex and often somewhat controversial in that some see Civil Rights being eroded, while others feel that the protection of the many, utilitarianism, is worth losing some personal liberty. In any case, diligence, scholarship and preparation are necessary as never before.


ACLU Lawsuit. (1993). The New York Times. Retrieved from:

Anti-Defamation League. (2013). Ku Klux Klan -- Affiliations. ADL. Retrieved from:

Bocstette, C. (2008). Jihadist Terrorist Use of Strategic Communication Management Techniques. George C. Marshall European Center for Security. Retrieved from:

Department of Homeland Security. (2014). About DHS. Retrieved from: http:.//www/

____. (2007, October). National Strategy for Homeland Security. Retrieved from:

Masters, J. (2011). Militant Extremists in the United States. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved…. [read more]

Effects of Terrorism Term Paper

… Terrorism

The Effects of Terrorism on the Global Economy since Sept. 11th

Without question, terrorism has dramatic and significant impacts. The human cost can be high, and the damage can be extensive depending on the target and the method. However, it is unclear to some degree whether or not terrorism has a palpable impact on the global economy. Certainly, there are immediate economic impacts at the site of the terrorist attack and these effects will be felt in that region. However, the degree to which a terrorist attack is capable of impacting the global economy is less certain. Commonsense tells us that major acts of terrorism will impact the global economy, but commonsense is not necessarily the best indicator of financial effects. Rather it is…. [read more]

Terrorism What Was Once Seen on Television Term Paper

… Terrorism

What was once seen on television as part of temporary news broadcasts is now more and more present to even become a global threat. Terrorism is "the threat or use of violence, often against the civilian population, to achieve political or social ends, to intimidate opponents, or to publicize grievances" (the Columbia Encyclopedia, 2007). The most jeopardizing feature of terrorism for a community is given by the fact that it most often targets innocent civilians and it becomes a danger to all of us, everywhere we may be: the shopping mall, the street, the train or even our workplace. "Terrorism, like the plague in the Middle Ages, frightens both leaders and citizens. It is a disease that is spreading, its cure is unknown" (Deutch,…. [read more]

Global Terrorism's Impact on International Business Term Paper

… Terrorism Impact

When a terrorism attack hits a country, such as September 11, 2001, naturally the citizens of that nation are most affected. They are the ones who are immediately impacted by the injuries and deaths of peers, friends and loved ones, the shut down of production and services, and the psychological and physical long-term effects. However, such an attack also impacts the rest of the world economically, either through the way that the national organizations have difficulty fulfilling their international obligations or the way that other countries perceive that they, too, are being threatened by these same terrorists. In the future, it surely can be expected that such terrorist attacks will continue. It is up to the organizations to prepare their processes and people…. [read more]

Terrorism in Academic, Military, and Civilian Discussions Reaction Paper

… Terrorism

In academic, military, and civilian discussions about terrorism, nothing strikes fear and dread into the hearts and minds of the participants like the thought of a small, splinter group purchasing and delivering a nuclear weapon. While many experts see this as an unlikely action, primarily due to the complexity required to deliver such a weapon; partially due to the notion that harsh reprimands would likely come out of any such attack, and would, in fact, do very little regain territory in disputed areas (Maurer, 2009).

However, one must make a clear distinction between the idea of nuclear terrorism and nuclear terror -- they are different. Nuclear terrorism is about the acquisition and use of a nuclear device against a population group or structure --…. [read more]

Terrorism, Destabilization, and the Modern Global Environment Research Paper

… There is also increased fears of the use of nuclear and biological weapons through which terrorists can launch violent attacks (The diplomacy of counterterrorism, 2002, USIP:4).


In response to many of these problems, the drive has been towards consolidation -- consolidating domestic efforts within the United States to enhance information-sharing between law enforcement agencies and also to improve efforts between states to engage in mutually beneficial monitoring of the geopolitical situation to reduce terrorism. Certain aspects of the new, globalized world will be difficult to contain, however, including the diffusion of communication as well as enhanced capabilities to launder money for illicit, terrorist purposes. There are no quick fixes for addressing the problem of terrorism given the growing pervasiveness and diffusion of the problem:…. [read more]

Terrorism Assess the Likelihood of a Terrorist Term Paper

… Terrorism

Assess the likelihood of a terrorist group use of CBRN weapons

There is a high and rising probability of the usage of the chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear -CBRN weapons by majority of terrorists even though certain established terrorist groups are expected to remain restricted by such aspects like being alien to the weapon and its dubious political usefulness. The possible danger caused by CBRN weapons in the hands of terrorists is observed with increasing anxiety by both government and society following the current highly destructive terrorist events. Al-Qaeda and other concerned terrorist gangs persist to show their knack in large-scale killing of human beings through the use of CBRN i.e. chemical, radiological and nuclear arsenals.

Renowned persons in the U.S., has been expressive…. [read more]

Terrorism Hamas Is a Radical Islamic Thesis

… Terrorism


Hamas is a radical Islamic fundamentalist organization which became active in the early stages of the intifada. It operates primarily in the Gaza District but also has some presence in Judea and Samaria. It was formed in late 1987 as an outgrowth of the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. Hamas has been known to have used both political and violent means, including terrorism, to pursue the goal of establishing an Islamic Palestinian state in Israel. It is loosely structured and has some members that work undercover and others that work openly through mosques and social service institutions to recruit members, raise money, organize activities, and distribute party line information (Hamas (Islamic Resistance Movement), 2008)

Hamas is the largest and most influential Palestinian…. [read more]

Al Queda Has Shaped Research Paper

… They believe this voice comes with the possession of WMD capabilities. Any such capability certainly gives the group who possesses it the potential to gain collective support from, and further unify, Islamic radicals and certainly makes the rest of the world pay attention.

Al-Qaeda and United States

The discussion of voice highlights the difference between what targets terrorist threaten, and what is at actually at stake. Terrorists threaten the security of U.S. citizens at home and abroad. They threaten the security of developing nations. They threaten the sovereignty of weakened states. They threaten everyone with the potential proliferation of WMDs. Indeed, their targeting is indiscriminate. Patterson characterizes terrorist views as follows:

"...terrorists and guerrillas see no distinction between combatants and non-combatants. Al Qaeda and other…. [read more]

Latin American Terrorism Issues Research Paper

… United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

This group of terrorist is relatively weak and less active. Very few activities have been reported by this group. It has more than 32000 members dismissed. Thus, it remains inactive as a formal group. Despite of its less activities, many old members of AUC are engaged in criminal activities mostly drug trafficking, in newly emerging criminal organizations (known as BACRIM, BandasCriminalesEmergentes). This newly emerging group has more than 3500 and less than 6000 members. To cope with this situation, Colombian government has taken multiple steps and made new laws. These laws are being implemented properly in order to generate peace in the region. One of the unique and most effective laws made in this context is the thorough and…. [read more]

Countering the New Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … counter the new terrorism threat (post 9/11) and whether these strategies have been successful. It will also look at many possible long-term strategies to counter the new terrorism. Terrorism is a growing threat to world safety and security. Countering this new terrorism menace is something all nations must work on together and in harmony, otherwise the threat of terrorism will only grow more menacing and unpredictable. Many measures have already been enacted, and more need to be developed to keep the country and the world safer and more secure.

Even before the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on New York and Washington, experts were calling world terrorist threats the "new terrorism."

Authors and experts have found attacks such as the chemical attack…. [read more]

American Terrorism for Many People Research Paper

… American Terrorism

For many people, terrorism was first brought to their attention after the events surrounding September 11th. As they were quickly made aware of the underlying threats that these groups can be. However, the last several years have seen a shift in tactics. As many organizations are focused on conducting domestic terrorism. This has caused the number of incidents to increase dramatically. In this research project, we examine the impact that domestic terrorism is having on the nation. As we are looking at how the overall threat has become so severe, that there needs to be a change in this strategy. This will improve the reader's understanding of the threat, through knowing the way this kind of terrorism is: increasing the risks and how…. [read more]

Combatting Future Terrorism Term Paper

… He therefore notes that the prison departments have a noble duty of promoting positive influence with a lot of zeal as well as facilitating the transition of prisoners back to the mainstream society with great innovation. These correctional facilities within the country can act as a special and effective venue for ensuring that the convicted terrorists are de-radicalized and also the spreading of the network of the terrorists is stopped.

The use of airplanes as weapons of terror has been the latest trend and indeed was the tool that was used by the terrorists in the fatal 9/11 attack on the U.S.A. Indeed even before the attack using the planes, Rodney Stitch who was a specialist in air travel safety suggested that the cockpit doors…. [read more]

Terrorism-Related Disaster Preparation Exercises Research Paper

… Media houses should be trained on what to air and what not to air in a terrorist attack as a disaster preparation exercise. Such news broadcasted in the media may enhance disaster management or work against disaster management efforts.

The two areas that I believe are significant media related issues within the conduct of terrorism-related disaster preparation exercises are the healthcare of the casualties, and comprehensive coverage on terror activities (Vasterman, Yzermans, & Dirkzwager, 2004). After a fatal terrorist attack, focus should be given to the recovery of the victims' health. However, the healthcare givers have always struggled with the media in ensuring full recovery of these victims. The media seem not to consider the traumatic effects that remain within victims after a terrorist attack.…. [read more]

Counterintelligence and Predicting Terrorism Sovereign A-Level Coursework

… The subsequent ground invasions launched in Afghanistan and Iraq, predicted to achieve rousing strategic victories in a relatively short duration, offer demonstrable proof that "predicting discrete events in the future is impossible in an open and complex system" (Quiggin, 2006), while also illustrating the deficiencies of this approach to conducting counterterrorism and intelligence operations. By forming optimistic predictions about future events and tailoring national security strategy to these predictions, rather than adopting an anticipatory strategy founded on adaptability, the U.S. government unwittingly stumbled into a military quagmire, diverting invaluable resources to combat a seemingly infinite insurgency and squandering global support in the process.

While the calamitous conflicts still simmering throughout the Middle East provide conclusive proof that predicting future events is an untenable approach to…. [read more]

Disrupting Terror Group Finances to Exploit Weaknesses in Terrorist Organizations Research Paper

… Disrupting Terror Group Finances to Exploit Weaknesses in Terrorist Organizations

Global war on terrorism has been executed in many different fronts. This followed the 2001 terrorist attack on the United States that marked the beginning of targeting the financial networks of terrorists (Center for Excellence Defense against Terrorism, 2008). Terrorists depend on financial networks in order to succeed in executing their activities. Although terror activities are not costly, the support of training camps, infrastructure, command, and control requires the availability of significant funding. The current funding of Al-Qaeda is estimated to be $36 million and approximately $50 million for infrastructure and equipment (Lormel, 2002). However, while terrorism is expensive, it is not a profitable economic enterprise. Unlike human trafficking, organized crime and narcotics trade, the…. [read more]

Why Do People Become Terrorists? Discussion Chapter

… References

DeAngelis, T. (2009). Understanding terrorism. APA. 40 (10): 60. Retrieved from:

Moscoe, A. (2013). Why do people join terrorist groups? Graduate School of Public and International

Affairs. Retrieved from:

M3A1: Memorandum 1 on the Bojinka Plot

Sample memorandum

To: Department of Homeland Security

Re: Bojinka Plot

Prior to the attacks of 9/11, the so-called 'Bojinka Plot' was often called one of the greatest failures of intelligence on record, a plot only thwarted by accident, not by superior intelligence. Officials only uncovered the 1995 plot to hijack and bomb 11 planes and assassinate the Pope "when a fire broke out in a Manila apartment where, Yamzi Ahmed Yousef, "the alleged mastermind of the scheme, and two other defendants, Abdul Hakim Murad and Wali…. [read more]

Terrorism in the 21St Century Research Paper

… ¶ … social issue of terrorism, which has exacerbated the overall safety and security of the citizens across the world. Over time, where people have modernized their lifestyle, terrorist activities, at the same time, have only escalated to paramount heights. The major causes that have augmented the terrorist activities have widely been discussed in the dissertation. Moreover, the adverse and far-reaching impacts of terrorism has also been comprehensively discussed, and based on it, few solutions have been given as a remedy to curb this issue universally.

Introduction to Terrorism

Since the human race has first walked on the planet Earth, they have had an insatiable quest to chase, discover, and invent ground-breaking things every now and then, which has resulted in modernized and improved existing…. [read more]

War on Terrorism Research Paper

… War on Terrorism:

Though it has been used since the beginning of recorded history, it is relatively hard to define terrorism. However, terrorism is a planned use of illegitimate violence to instill fear, targeted to intimidate government or societies in the hunt of goals that are generally political or religiously motivated by sub-national groups or undercover agents. Terrorism can also be defined as planned violence that is politically motivated aimed against non-battalion targets by national groups with an intention of causing psychological impacts on a large audience.

This kind of violence tends to function in small units and make the most use of home-based bombs, car bombs and other arsenals uncharacteristic of military workforce like in the case of the September 11, 2001 attack. As…. [read more]

Piracy Maritime Terrorism Term Paper

… Maritime Piracy and Terrorism in the Atlantic and Caribbean Oceans - a Methodology to Counteract

More than six years after the attacks of September 11th, 2001 showed the United States to be a nation deeply vulnerable to the type of attacks which are favored by terrorist organizations, the security policies and approaches to protecting the American people and America's friends and interests remain deeply impeachable. Security responses relating to the combat of foreign wars, the bureaucratic consolidation of American security agencies, the enhancement of surveillance freedoms to be used against the American people and the selling of America's port security to a state-run firm in the United Arab Emirates are all suggestive of a government which has not taken the proper steps to address the…. [read more]

Protect Ourselves Against Terrorism Term Paper

… Protecting Ourselves against Terrorism major consequence of 9/11 has been that now one cannot talk rationally about terrorism and its causes. Any attempt to look for the reason why anyone would be mad enough to blow up oneself smells of sympathizing with the terrorists and people are now becoming reluctant to voice their opinions.

Prior to Sept 11 horrible crime against humanity, it was possible to discuss terrorism dispassionately, look for its causes and try to counter these to solve the problem. The IRA violence in United Kingdom, our own brushes with terrorism (Kenyan Embassy bombing, TWA flight bombing over Lockerbie), terrorism by ETA in Basque territories, Chechen violence in Russia and terrorism and counter terrorism in Israel / Palestinian conflict in the Middle East…. [read more]

Domestic Terrorism the Al-Qaeda Group Term Paper

… Across the country in many airports faulty metal detectors are letting hundreds through security unchecked. There are also many baggage screeners that are ill trained or not interested in their job and thousands of bags are not screened properly or not screened at all. Many of the screeners are outdated anyway, they can a 2D figure and the screeners are unable to tell a bomb from normal items (Huges). More training and newer equipment are needed to outsmart today's terrorist. The latest in screening devices is the backscatter which takes an x-ray picture of you to see you have any concealed weapons. There are other systems that can scan you for bomb making materials (Halperin). The problem with these is that they are still being…. [read more]

Argentina's Definition of Terrorism Term Paper

… Argentina's Definition Of Terrorism

Terrorism is nowadays one of the most important aspects of international security which states and international organizations are trying to address at all levels, both internal and global. This is largely due to the fact that the terrorist flabellum does not represent a regular threat to the national and international security, but rather an unconventional one, whose motives, reasons, and targets cannot be fully understood or identified. In this sense it is argued that "the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on 11 September 2001 have focused attention on the issue of international terrorism as an urgent matter for the United Nations" (International Peace Academy, 2002) This is why it is important that action is taken at all…. [read more]

Homegrown Terrorism and International Research Paper

… The message behind such actions is basically sending terrorist repercussions rather than following a logical path. These political acts usually points fingers at a general underprivileged society. The aim is to acquire some political power and rights to demand their rights. Conventional terrorism is domestic by default. Many extremists' groups and terrorists organizations have agents and supporters all across the world, their individual factions act on their own for instance IRA, ALF/ELF and Tamil Tigers.

These religious factions generally demand some political rights such as autonomous boundaries and rights to a government. In many cases, radicals and religious extremists generally look beyond their own self-interest. Their demands are broad and extend personal gains. This kind of violence is unreasonable and hasn't solved any problem as…. [read more]

National Religious and Ideological Terrorism Term Paper

… International Terrorism

Terrorism is the notion of inflicting violence or terror on a
population to further some kind of agenda without adhering to the rules
regulating combat by the Geneva Convention. This is because terrorists
often have specific aims, whether political, ideological, or religious in
furthering their goals for which are often excluded from the institutions
governing politics and society. Terrorists exist, even with often with
popular support, as an outsider trying to make their voices heard and their
desired outcomes a reality. Considering three distinct forms of terrorism-
ideological, nationalist, and religious and case samples exemplifying each
group, one can come to conclusions about terrorists. Terrorists act out of
necessity, or desperation, and they see terrorism as the last option in
competing in a…. [read more]

Middle East, Counter-Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … Middle East, Counter-Terrorism and what the writer believes can be done in that area of the nation to promote peace. There were three sources used to complete this paper.


Violence in the Middle East has been an issue for many years. For the most part the recent violence has been founded in the problems between militant Muslims and non-Muslims. The militant Muslims have come to believe that a government run by secular boundaries will fail the people of the nations (Terrorism and Homeland security pp. 154). The violence comes from disagreements about who shall govern the region and what regions shall be governed as one entity.

Militant Islamists' ideology is racist and anti-Semitic. Its origins date to the movement…. [read more]

International Terrorism Term Paper

… International Terrorism

Terrorism is widely considered to be an increasingly complex phenomenon and the events that keep the headlines each day come to prove this assumption. It has been rather difficult for both politicians and scholars to agree on a common definition of terrorism precisely due to its complexity and the eventual legal implications such a theoretical identification would have. However, despite the lack of a clear image, terrorism has been discussed and analyzed from various perspectives, political and scholarly alike. It may be that the eventual conclusions could point out a more coherent identification of terrorism and a future course of action.

At the moment, there are different ideas related to the actual notion of terrorism. From a scholarly point-of-view, Paul Wilkinson considers it…. [read more]

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