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Globalization Reader by Frank Lechner and John Reaction Paper

… Globalization Reader by Frank Lechner and John Boli, addresses what has become one of the most important buzz words of the 21st century. Globalization refers to a process that is complex and involves many different theories and facets. Lechner and Boli present some of the most recent research on globalization in a format that is easy to understand. The book highlights the work of some of the top scholars on the topic of globalization. The book focused on the forces that affect the globalization process, as well as the effects of globalization on both industrialized and developing countries.

The purpose of the book was to give the reader a rounded view of globalization, its many components and the effects of globalization on various segments of…. [read more]

Globalization vs. Fundamentalism Term Paper


Globalization is now a much hyped, much discussed and extensively debated subject. Whatever anyone says about globalization sounds cliched and trite. But nonetheless it is an important subject and thus needs to be paid closer attention to. In this area, Friedman is considered an authority. According to Friedman, globalization is the result of the power struggle between the powerful economies and their slower counterparts. He is of the view that to understand globalization, we need to focus on the differences between fast and slow growing economies and we would then be able to see what the whole issue is about.

A cannot say if Friedman would agree with Roach's views expressed in his article "A Tipping Point for Globalization" but after reading…. [read more]

Globalization in the Developed World, Societies Term Paper

… Globalization

In the developed world, societies have moved toward globalization in a number of significant ways. No longer can countries expect to live free from the influence of other populations around the globe, instead a steady amalgamation of politics, economies and cultures around the world are forcing resources, technologies and people into an interdependent matrix. While many countries acquiesce to this globalization trend, other countries resist the change and react in desperate and sometimes violent ways. An examination of the effects of political, economic and cultural globalization reveals the direction in which the planet is moving, and yet it is difficult to ignore the substantial resistance that is being displayed in certain corners of the planet.

Political Globalization

The idea of globalization in the realm…. [read more]

Globalization and Sociology, or the Study Essay

… Globalization and Sociology

Sociology, or the study of society, was established to provide a means to better understand the world's social groups and the social activities that occur within them. Through this study, researchers could explain what was taking place in a clear and unbiased manner. Since the establishment of sociology, others have further clarified this study through the depiction of specific perspectives, such as the theories of functionalism and conflict. The former hypothesizes that each characteristic of society works together for a united whole. Societies function due to their cohesiveness and integration of social systems. The latter argues that societies are instead made up of conflict. Social change can only take place through infighting among the social classes. As the world moves further into…. [read more]

Islamic Fundamentalism Traditional Religious Values Essay

… Islamic Fundamentalism

The rise of religious fundamentalism in the last 25 years can be linked to resistance to a rapidly evolving society. The world has seen more innovation and change in the last quarter of a century than in almost all of history. The widespread use of the personal computer has changed the face of the world, ushering in widespread technological, social, and economic changes, which have the possibility of creating a global society. However, not everyone benefits from a global society. The traditional balance of power begins to shift when the disparity in resource access begins to disappear. This notion can be very threatening and can prompt a rise in fundamentalist behavior, whether religious or merely sociological.

To understand the rise of fundamentalist Islam,…. [read more]

Congress Toward Coordination of Intelligence Defensive Analysis Essay

… ¶ … Congress Toward Coordination of Intelligence

Defensive analysis: This is one of the steps taken by the congress toward coordination of intelligence in the United States of America, the process involves looking for vulnerabilities within an organization, mainly the individual organization while closing any discovered hole. While doing this process, it is important to consider the benefits and risks, which are involved through out the process. This process of coordinating intelligence mainly centers on one's own organization. In an organization, an intruder or an enemy can use possible fragilities as leeway for carrying out attacks. Attacks are misplaced normally when one's problems and lose ends are utilized. The United States of America congress had to involve this method with an aim of establishing the…. [read more]

Genocide Is Considered on an International Level Term Paper

… Genocide is considered on an international level to be the worst possible crime committed by a nationality or group. It is the mass killing of a group of people, or as defined by the UN as "any acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. Numerous genocides have been committed within the last century, the most notable of which include the Holocaust, Yugoslavia, and Rwanda. The apt question of why Genocide occurs is a very complex and diluted issue. The first is to understand that Genocide as a practice is not unique to modern society; it is an ongoing process that has spanned since the beginning of time. Genocide was consistently conducted throughout Greco-Roman…. [read more]

Theology Missiology Term Paper

… Global Changes in the Missiology of the 20th Century


A Paradigm Shift

The Early Church

The Modern Church

Correcting Edinburgh Explored

Formation of International Missionary Council (IMC)

Confusion Abounds

Response of Fundamentalist & Evangelical Movements

Problems Between and Among Evangelicals & Ecumenists

The Present View


The aim of this study is to examine the influential ideas that shaped mission thinking over the last century. This work will seek to point out to some theological differences and emphases represented by the various confessional groups such as evangelicals, ecumenical and Eastern Orthodox Church. At the same time it will seek to identify points of convergence in missionary thinking developed in the course of 20th Century that go…. [read more]

Transnational Feminism Term Paper

… Transnational Feminism

Women's Culture-

This work will use the quote: "Culture...consists in the way analogies are drawn between things, in the way certain thoughts are used to think others" as a focal point or a beginning in making a connection between Shohat's argument that globalization...just be seen as part of the much longer history of colonialism in which Europe attempted to submit the world to a single 'universal' regime of truth and global institutional power' and the sexualization of female bodies in popular culture in order to analyze gendered politics of power that position women differently than men in relation narratives of progress, development, the modern, social evolution and their opposing narratives (i.e. primitive, underdeveloped, backward uncivilized, caught in a timeless past).


The feminist…. [read more]

Threat Posed Term Paper

… The West is still seems to wield cultural hegemony over the world not just over a region of the world. At the same time, however, and perhaps as a result, "a return to the roots phenomenon is occurring among non-Western civilizations." (Huntington, 1993) Societies such as France are becoming divided between immigrants and nationalists, secularists and fundamentalists. Yet even secularism can be a form of fundamentalism, too, as noted in France and its prohibition against students wearing any religious totemic representations whatsoever.

The world is becoming a smaller place," observes Samuel Huntington, "the interactions between peoples of different civilizations are increasing; these increasing interactions intensify civilization consciousness and awareness of differences between civilizations and commonalities within civilizations." (1993) In other words, the closer 'we' as…. [read more]

Terrorism and Osama Bin Laden History Term Paper

… ¶ … Terrorism and Osama bin Laden [...] history and structure of Osama bin Laden's organization, explain his connections to fundamentalism, and his links with other known terrorist groups. Osama bin Laden may be one of the world's most infamous terrorists. He formed the terrorist organization Al Qaeda, which has been responsible for terrorist attacks around the world, and has issued an open jihad against the United States. Much of the history of his organization is shrouded in mystery, as is much of his life, and therefore, there are differing accounts of his organization and his life. He is revered in much of the Arab world, and is one of the most hunted terrorists in American history. His organization is dangerous and extremely difficult to…. [read more]

History of the Modern Middle East Term Paper

… ¶ … Middle East

My Enemy's Enemy is My Friend -- Even if that Enemy is Democracy and Economic Progress in the Middle East

According to James L. Gelvin's book The Modern Middle East: A History, the central irony of the post-Cold War "Age of Democratization" and "Age of Globalization," is that while much of the rest of the formerly colonized world has been freeing itself from tyranny and outmoded economic ideas, the Middle Eastern nations of the Islamic world are becoming increasingly tyrannical and economically stagnant. Even nations that were oil-rich, such as Saudi Arabia and Kuwait have yet to build extensive economic infrastructures that rely on commodities other than the non-renewable economic resources of oil. Democracy and capitalism have yet to take root…. [read more]

Tolerance Global Terrorism Has Changed Essay

… The greatest weapon against terrorism and its accompanying intolerance is the continued use of tolerance. If tolerance is truly responsible for the creation of an open and free society and promotes mutual trust and cooperation then what is needed to win the war against terrorism is more tolerance not less.

Globalization has caused major changes in the world economically. There are a variety of criticisms directed at globalization but the process is intrinsically democratic and advocates of democratic ideals should be strongly behind continued globalization. Globalization has resulted in a breakdown in barriers based on ethnocentrism and a new planetary society is gradually emerging. This new planetary society is opening doors to a new, more inclusive ethnicity where everyone is becoming members of a world…. [read more]

Does Social Media and Instant Communication Stifle Imagination? Essay

… Social Media & Imagination

Fr. Adolfo Nicolas in his address to representatives of Jesuit Universities in Mexico City in 2010 puts forth the argument that instant and global communication technologies impede serious thought, tending to reduce intellectual contemplation and stifling imagination. Fr. Nicolas's contention is that "when one can access so much information so quickly and so painlessly" critical thinking gets short circuited. He calls this the globalization of superficiality.

The danger of this globalization is many ideas which are inherently shallow, or promote fundamentalism, fanaticism, or various ideologies often go unchallenged. Moreover, the ability to think creatively, imaginatively, and apply critical analysis to a problem is becoming lost. Unfortunately in today's world, with the multitude of issues we now face, merely following slogans or…. [read more]

NAFTA vs. The EU Essay

… S.

How globalization via trade blocs has impacted political and economic systems. Additionally, state why America plays such an important role within global, political, and economic structures in the 21st century

America remains an important regional actor, as manifest by its continued political dominance in its own hemisphere and the impact its economy has had worldwide in the wake of the credit crisis. Even with the dominating EU, the European Union's nations have felt the impact of the financial instruments generated in America. American fiscal responsibility at home is necessary for the security of the world global economy.


2000-today: A decade of further expansion. (2011). Europa. Retrieved July 19, 2011 at

EU. (2011). CIA Fact Book. Retrieved July 19, 2011 at

EU…. [read more]

Political Philosophy I Pick Essay

… More precisely, socialism is a doctrine based on the community, on the common good and the notion of social equality. In an era in which market competition together with the free trade that was moving across the continents, the role of social equality in a populous country was essential. Therefore, there was a need for unity at the level of the ideals and ideas that would drive the nation forward with due regard for the notions described by the communist doctrine. Thus, the idea of national heritage and the development of the sense of belonging to something greater than the local community was essential and Mao pointed it out in a very benefic manner for him and the Communist Party. The role of the Communist…. [read more]

Morally There Is No Difference Between Killing Essay

… Morally There Is No Difference Between Killing Civilians With Bombs From Military Aircraft and Blowing Them Up With Bombs

Morally, is there a difference between killing civilians with bombs from military aircraft and blowing them up with bombs?

The central question of this paper raises some complex moral as well as practical and legal issues. On the one hand there is certain, if somewhat spurious, validity to the argument that justifies civilian deaths in a military action as a result of "collateral damage." The bombing of civilians in an anti-terrorist action is commonly seen in a different and more positive moral and ethical light to the actions of the terrorist or terrorist group who purposely set out to harm or terrorize innocent people by detonating…. [read more]

Middle East Culture Islam Israel Democratization Term Paper

… Roadblocks to Israeli Democratization

Roadblocks to the Democratization of Israel

Israel is a diverse nation with many different sects and cultures within it. When one compares this nation to the United States it would seem as the perfect place for democracy. One would expect it to have a peaceful existence where peoples of all cultures work together for common goals. However, when one examines the history of conflict in Israel they soon find that the nation of Israel is not anything like the United States at all. In Israel there has been little unification of cultures. The various cultures and religious sects have refused to give up any of their own identity and refuse to compromise any of their own interests. The following will explore…. [read more]

Women in Afghanistan and China Research Paper

… ¶ … rhythm and blues artist James Brown, "This is a man's world (Newsome)." In his song, It's a Man's, Man's Man's World, Brown goes on to list things that the male gender has created and contributed to society, such as the train, boats, and the car; all to ease the heavy load of life. Following these chauvinistic statements is the hard-hitting line that gives the song a chance at redemption. It would mean nothing, nothing without a woman or a girl. Throughout history, and even biblically, women have commonly existed in tandem to men, having to follow and hardly being given the chance to lead.

Walking into this class I could have never have anticipated what I was to learn this past semester. Growing…. [read more]

Orthodox Judaism Considers Itself Term Paper

… On the other hand, few Jews are acquainted with the word 'shul'. (Judaism 101.)

The formalistic style of the place too is distinctly Jewish in that a mechitzah (division) separates men and women during prayer service. Men, too, lead and officiate. The rabbi is always male. These differences distinguish it from branches of liberal Judaism. The symbol -- the Jewish star -- remain symbolic of all branches, as too all retain the tallit, yarmulkah, synagaogue architecture such as the bimah (platform from which weekly Torah reading is read) as well as aron (that houses Torah scrolls) and prayer book with modifications depending on group.

Contrasts: Conservative

Conservative Judaism believes in certain aspects of the Torah. They maintain that the ideas in the Torah come from…. [read more]

Terrorism Seems to Have Taken Term Paper

… We will see what the proportion of violence is and what is the proportion of faith and religious values that Muslim["s" should be deleted"] societies consider in an attempt to create a different model of being.

From an occidental point-of-view, a new paradigm seems to have turned out in international relations. The new enemies are not a state, not a localized group as it was before, high mobility and advanced technology enable the enemy to be anywhere at any time and this requires new models of cooperation to combat terrorism.

Since the attack on the twin towers the occidental countries are in a crusade, because of the military response orchestrated by the U.S., chiefly the main sufferer of this action has been.the International world of…. [read more]

Lewis' the Crisis of Islam Term Paper

… Nazism also found some sympathizers among Muslim fundamentalists. Coinciding with the spread of socialism throughout Europe, an anti-Western and more specifically anti-American sentiment set in. This anti-American sentiment was further fueled by what many Muslims perceived as Imperialism as well as by an increasing view of American culture as morally degenerate.

In fact, the Iranian Revolution in 1979 marked the culmination of anti-Americanism and set the stage for what would become the "war on terrorism." The Ayatollah Khomeini created out of the United States an arch enemy and rival to Muslim authority. Calling America the "Great Satan," the Ayatollah ignited a spark that spread rapidly throughout Islam. America was morally corrupt and promiscuous. Its loose values threatened civilization in general and particularly undermined Muslim efforts…. [read more]

Course of Action Decision Professional Writing

… ¶ … Action Decision Brief

"What you want to do is to weigh all the numerous issues, distinguishing that in war some data could be wrong, that a lot is missing totally, and there are all sorts of essentials over which you have no control…. You have got to weigh all of these things and come to a decision as to what you want to do." Field Marshall William Slim


Situation update.

Planning considerations.

Guidance received.

Centers of gravity.

Area of operations.


Analysis of COAs.

COA comparison.


Situation Update

Operations in water are restricted Numerous landing field exist all over the district.

would have to rely on its own intelligence to control the correctness of completed strikes and the degree of damage…. [read more]

Islam the Ottoman Empire Itself Essay

… It is wrong to assume that Islam is unique in this respect.

The film presents several links between Islam and contemporary Western civilization. For one, the film shows how Islam is integrated in modern societies around the world, and many of these societies have adopted Western values and social institutions even while retaining a core Muslim basis. The film also explains how Islamic law and culture preclude a desire for complete assimilation, as it is impossible to create a monoculture that also preserves the integrity of Islam. Contemporary Islam is necessarily not in conflict with contemporary Western civilization, but it is important to address the many points of misunderstanding. This film was not challenging as much as it was enriching. I learned a few new…. [read more]

Saudi Culture Family and Authority Essay

… This is quite obviously changing in drastic and rapid ways ad land is devoted to oil production and as Saudi Arabia (and other neighboring countries) becoming increasingly urbanized -- while authority is becoming less centralized, opportunities are becoming more centralized in the metropolitan areas in the region, and this is causing fragmentations in traditional family systems as moving away from family becomes more common and power relationships and decisions making becomes more individualized and employer- rather than family-oriented (Al-Ahmadi 2011; Ali 1993).

The changing shape of the Saudi Arabian economy both during the past six decades and in more recent years specifically has led to significant changed in the role of authority and family on shaping individuals' choices and actions in the country. The extent…. [read more]

Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt Term Paper

… Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, many observers in the West were heard to lament the passing of the "good old days" of the Cold War when the enemy was clearly known and its geographic borders clearly delineated. By sharp contrast, following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the threats against the United States from within and without are largely from non-state actors that can wreak havoc against America and its allies with apparently virtual impunity. One group that has received a growing amount of attention from policymakers and analysts in recent years is the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt which is suspected of sponsoring such terrorist activities. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature…. [read more]

Origins of Al Qaeda Term Paper

… Origins of Al Qaeda

The Origins of Al-Qaeda: The World View of Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri, the leaders of Al-Qaeda."

Al-Qaeda and its leaders, Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri are frequently popular world news subjects.

The world seems to want to be constantly aware of the goings on of these people and their organization. There is no secret to the desired need for this information. As most people know Al-Qaeda is a significant and ongoing threat to the world, with regard to terrorist activities and continued fundamentalist extremism with regard to jihad, or what these extremists see as a holy war against the rest of the world, but mostly the Western world. This work will begin with a short introduction to the…. [read more]

Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]

Political Science International Political Economy: Realist, Liberal Research Paper

… Political Science

International Political Economy:

Realist, Liberal, and Marxist Perspectives

The current international order is in a state of flux. As economics becomes ever more global in scale, nation states struggle to maintain their independent powers and spheres of influence. The more than three hundred year old Westphalian order has been replaced, to a significant extent, by a system of international organizations, and an international political economy that has attempted to coalesce around a single hegemon. Through agreements such as Bretton Woods, the United States established its currency as the world's reserve standard. The petroleum that fuels the globe's industrial powerhouses is, by and large, bought and sold in dollars. The United States, despite enormous declines in industrial output, and a move toward a post-industrial…. [read more]

Islamic Fascism Following a Series Essay

… 121). These groups are particularly important because they are able to transfer substantial funds across international borders while relatively little suspicion due to the fact that humanitarian organizations frequently operate in a number of countries at once, and particularly in unstable or failing states that provide the most attractive haven for transnational terrorist organizations. In the aftermath of 9/11, "scores of charities and individuals have been blacklisted both by the UN and by individual jurisdictions," but the ubiquity of transnational non-governmental organizations means that charities continue to serve as an important element of transnational Islamic Fascism, allowing it to move funds in and out of the United States free from substantial oversight (Romaniuk, 2012, p. 154).

One reason charities constitute such an important element of…. [read more]

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