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Globalization of the Fashion Industry Essay

… Fragmentation of the Fashion Industry Due to Globalization:

Amighinia and Rabelotti (2004) describe international fragmentation of production process as "the splitting of the production cycle over production sites located in different countries, as a cost-reducing strategy" (485). This is one of the most pervasive effects of globalization, as well as one of the most disruptive effects. Fragmentation, in general, allows fashion manufacturers to take advantage of lower prices in other countries. They then obtain reduced costs by this international production network. Increasing competition is serving as a further catalyst for massive fragmentation of these processes, as they outsource low value-added functions.

Amighinia and Rabellotti's (2004) study of Italian footwear suggested that as these organizations enter global fashion production networks, they lose control over critical business…. [read more]

Globalisation and Its Effects Essay

… For a manager to succeed in a foreign nation they must also immerse themselves within it to fully understand how to be effective in getting work done there.

An Example of McDonald's Globalisation Strategy

The process by which McDonald's opens restaurants in China is an example of how effective this global company is at executing expansion strategies. Having had decades of experience in planning, executing and evaluating their globalisation strategies, McDonald's is a global leader in tailoring their product and services mix to specific nations' unique needs (Vignali, 2001). Successes in China (Watson, 2000) are a case in point. McDonald's relies on a well-defined series of processes and systems to ensure each local store in a given region in China or nation aligns to cultural…. [read more]

Globalization and China Globalization and the Pervasive Thesis

… Globalization and China

Globalization and the pervasive influence of the international economy have increasingly affected countries throughout the world since the 1970s. A central aspect that has facilitated this influence has been the development and sophistication of communication technologies and the Internet, which has to a large extent broken down the barriers between nations and cultures.

A common view of globalization is that it refers to the "…spread and connectedness of production, communication and technologies across the world. That spread has involved the interlacing of economic and cultural activity." (Globalization) While there are many interpretations and definitions of this phenomenon what is clear is that it has implications for social and cultural development as well as for economic development and communications.

China was previously a…. [read more]

Globalization and the Impacts in the Politics of Authority Essay

… Globalization and the Impacts in the Politics of Authority

Does globalization impact in triggering recent economic recession?

The current financial crisis will be remembered as one of the most serious in the history of world capitalism. The increasing difficulty experienced by the financial authorities of the major economies and by international financial bodies in limiting the most devastating effects of events on the world economy makes it difficult, in turn, to handle banking and financial crises. The current institutional composition of the markets, the deregulated nature of those markets and the vast liquid assets in private hands have even placed limits on concerned action by national governments. This does not allow anticipating stabilization, but, on the contrary, it might be alleged that episodes of large…. [read more]

Impact of Globalization and Import Competition on Technical Change Term Paper

… Globalization and Technological Change

Globalization and Trade Competition Spurs Technological Innovation

This paper investigates the connection between high trade competition in an increasingly globalized marketplace with the presence of increased levels of innovation within technology. The primary research question asks whether or not there is a strong enough relationship between the two factors in order to be able to use them as a way to better structure business strategies in a globalized environment. The investigation confirmed that there is a relation, with high competition from exporters like China and India, nations have to increase their innovative qualities in order to stay competitive.


It is clear that "globalization brings opportunities and pressures for domestic firms in emerging markets to innovate and improve their competitive position"…. [read more]

Hong Kong Food Culture Term Paper

… "Soyfoods have been part of Asian food systems for millennia," and the domestication and processing of soy beans represents one of the earliest instances of a complex food culture arising around a single ingredient (Mintz & Tan, 2001, p. 113). Despite their long history in Chinese cuisine, however, "developments during the last century have done more to transform the meaning of soybeans for world consumption than practically anything since their domestication," and the emergence of a variety of previously unheard-of uses of soybean curd in Hong Kong demonstrate this (Mintz & Tan, 2001, p. 114). Thus, "entrepreneurs in Hong Kong have been introducing and perfecting new bean-curd products, aiming to cater to changing popular tastes" in a kind of local mimicry of international phenomena (Mintz…. [read more]

Cultural Globalization Term Paper

… ¶ … Cultural Globalization

Despite the prevailing popular press that globalization and the "flattening" of entire countries and cultures is now in full force, there is still a high degree of variation, in fact heterogeneity, between and within cultures. This dynamic of greater differences within cultures between groups and between cultures and nations is in turn driving a much more niche-based series of strategies. Porter (74- 76) specifically defined the competitive strength of heterogeneity on a global level as a result of escalating incomes and the need for greater efficiencies in serving the unique needs of these markets. Contrary to the comparative advantage theories of globalization that Porter ( and other strategy theorists support, there are the also the theories of how unilateralism requires greater…. [read more]

Mexico, U.S., and Globalization the Promise Thesis

… Mexico, U.S., and Globalization

The promise of globalization in the late 1980s and 1990s has given way to a host of problems with this new and still emerging world order, some of which were predicted early on in the scheme of things. Others, however, have come as something of a surprise, in the magnitude and immediacy of their onset, if not in the practical details of the effect itself. Chief among these unexpected problems with increasing industry and -- for some, at least -- virtually unchecked attempts at economic growth is the specter of global warming. There is little doubt now in the scientific world that temperatures are on the rise globally, and that humans are largely responsible for this change in temperature due to…. [read more]

Women in Afghanistan and China Research Paper

… ¶ … rhythm and blues artist James Brown, "This is a man's world (Newsome)." In his song, It's a Man's, Man's Man's World, Brown goes on to list things that the male gender has created and contributed to society, such as the train, boats, and the car; all to ease the heavy load of life. Following these chauvinistic statements is the hard-hitting line that gives the song a chance at redemption. It would mean nothing, nothing without a woman or a girl. Throughout history, and even biblically, women have commonly existed in tandem to men, having to follow and hardly being given the chance to lead.

Walking into this class I could have never have anticipated what I was to learn this past semester. Growing…. [read more]

Dell for Many Organizations Term Paper

… Each of the three regions has its own regional headquarters and own assembly plants and own supply network. Other regional headquarters are that of Bracknell, U.K. For EMEA, Hong Kong for Asia-Pacific and Kawasaki for Japan. (Dell Computer: Organization of a Global Production Network)

Dell's business activities are separately organized for each region based on different customer segments of the area and generally have three categories: relationship customers; home and small business which are at times known as transaction customers; and public sector like government and educational customers. The figures for employees and sales are available for 2000 and the worldwide employment at that time was 40,000 and recorded sales were $25.3 billion. Of this, in the Americas, including both North and South American continents,…. [read more]

World Poor Thesis

… ¶ … aloud or in writing, making the reflective report exercise a valuable addition to the learning process. This reflective report recounts the events that took place during the research process for the study, "Identifying Marketing Opportunities to Combat Global Poverty," including a recollection of individual experiences, the personal feeling and learning that were experienced, as well as the group dynamics and learning that were derived from the experience. A review of lessons learned that can be used in future projects is followed by a summary of the reflective report entries in the conclusion.

Recollection of Experiences

Perhaps the overriding perception that emerged during the earliest phases of the research process concerned the extent of the problem of global poverty and how it affected the…. [read more]

Ethnographic Encounter Thesis

… Ethnographic Study of Chinese Women in America

The objective of this work is to investigate the problem of dealing with the Chinese females became much more complex after they settle in China Town in the United States. Despite the Chinese cultural women remain traditional the globalized American culture have many way to influence the social life of Chinese women in China Town. By exploring how globalization affects the role of traditional Chinese women in China Town. By exploring how globalization affects the role of the traditional Chinese women, interview with the Chinese female immigrants with different ages, level of education, and marital status will give different perspectives in this research. The project will conduct anthropological discussions on the relationship between the culture of the transnational…. [read more]

Neo-Liberalistic Legal Concepts on Nations Literature Review

… 1 (2002).] [26: Anita Chan, and Jonathan Unger, "A Chinese State Enterprise Under the Reforms: What Model of Capitalism?," The China Journal 62 (2009).] [27: Ross Cranston, "Theorizing Transnational Commercial Law," Texas International Law Journal 42, no. 3 (2007).]

Impact of Neo-Liberalism

The neo-liberalist philosophy described above is sometimes one of political expediency, but it makes government, and the laws that are enacted, more responsible[footnoteRef:28]. In his article about "The Dark Side of International Business"[footnoteRef:29], Madan Batra wrote that; [28: Andrew Kipnis, "Neoliberalism Reified: Suzhi Discourse and Tropes of Neoliberalism in the People's Republic of China," Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 13, no. 2 (2007).] [29: Madan M. Batra, "The Dark Side of International Business," Competition Forum 5, no. 1 (2007).]

"The dark side…. [read more]

Economic Social Ethical and Environmental Sustainability Thesis

… ¶ … Chocolate Value Chain

Analyzing the Chocolate Industry Value Chain

The chocolate industry value chain is one of the most global in scope, encompassing the growing and harvesting of cocoa beans throughout Africa, Asia, South and North America, with processing centers in over 100 different countries of the world (Delfosse, 2009). To the extent that industry's value chain is tightly synchronized across all suppliers and there is a minimum acceptable level of quality, the entire industry can continue growth. It appears from the results this industry has been able to accomplish in terms of growth over the last twenty four months that the industry appears to be recession-resistant (Delfosse, 2009). According to DataMonitor global market research estimates, the global chocolate industry grew at an…. [read more]

Political Science Future Roles of the European Term Paper

… Political Science

Future Roles of the European Union on the Global Stage

The European Union is one of the most dominant actors on the contemporary global stage, and its role is only expected to grow.

Yet, the European Union is often seen in terms different from that of the traditional superpower. Few foresee the emergence of the European Union as a military rival to the United States, Russia, China, or other powers. Instead, its increasing power is seen to be economic, cultural, and diplomatic. A united Europe will see its economic cloud spread across the planet. Its values will shape human and civil rights in both the developing and the developed worlds. Europe will be a leader in the "greening" of the world economy, a…. [read more]

Sustainable Agricultural Practices in Emerging Nations Term Paper

… ¶ … Sustainable Agricultural Practices in Emerging Nations in General and China in Particular

Let trees sprout on the mountains; stop growing grain on hilly terrain; and keep livestock in their pens. - Chinese Edict for 21st Century Agricultural Practices, Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji, Spring 2000

In recent years, the rapid development of industrial and urban areas, and changes in agricultural practices, have resulted in environmental damage in many emerging countries, and China has been no exception (Cook & Murray 2002:154). In their haste to introduce market reforms and efficiencies into their antiquated agricultural systems, many of these emerging nations have sacrificed their environment and citizens' health in exchange for some well-intentioned but misguided short-term gains in productivity. Because China remains the most populous nation…. [read more]

Global Business 8081 Technological Essay

… The online platform has played the significant impact on the educational sector of China in such a way that the students from any part of the globe can access the educational institutes (Altbach, et al., 2011; Bangay & Blum, 2010; Gertler, 2010; Goldin & Katz, 2009; Moore & Kearsley, 2011; Manacorda, et al., 2010).

The excel in technology in dominating the educational sector of China with the help of similar tools as implemented in the educational sector of North America. The impact of technology is evident on the economy of the country, which is evident in the form the economic development. The growth of the economy of China is evident with the increase in the labor forces of the country with increased efficient skills. The…. [read more]

Pervasiveness of Human Trafficking Essay

… But because obtaining a T. visa is contingent upon reasonable compliance with authorities, many women are afraid to come forward, since the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act requires that victims comply with "reasonable requests for assistance in the investigation or prosecution of acts of trafficking (Dovydaitis 2011). If women fear reprisals, they may not be willing to respond to such requests, and for some, three-year amnesty in the United States may not be enough of an incentive to comply and return to what they regard as an untenable situation at home.

To truly deal with the problem of human trafficking requires an international response, not simply a refinement of current U.S. attitudes and laws. "Globalization demands that social workers embrace more than just…. [read more]

Nationalism and Anthony Smith's Anti-Primordialism Term Paper

… Globalists and anti-separatists of Smith's ilk, for example, Gurharpal Singh have used Smith's constructs to contend in fact that India is not unique in politically managing its religiously-based ethnic conflicts, in contrast to conventionally held wisdom and that democracy provides a potential solution to the religious and ethnic pluralities the modern nation state is confronted with. Singh suggests that democracy provides the ability for minority factions to advocate their 'specialness' but in a forum that is nonviolent and allows for a changing ethnic and cultural fabric for the multitudes who feel they may have a particular territorial or religious claim to the region. Likewise, an embracing of pluralism without essentializing ethnic identity allows the vast nation of China to consider its 'specialness' but also its…. [read more]

Global Warming. The Reality Thesis

… ¶ … global warming. The reality of global warming has raised alarm bells as well as intensive debate in many sectors of contemporary society. The implications of global warming and climate change are widespread and complex and affect every sector of modern society -- including the social, economic and political dimensions.

The situation becomes even more problematic when we consider that we live in a world where international isolation and barriers between countries have been largely eradicated through modern travel and communications technologies. The effects and consequences of global warming therefore cannot be understood in isolation. This is an important factor to consider in terms of the present study. While environmental problems have always existed, they are"…increasingly global in nature because interdependence and globalization connect…. [read more]

Cultural Aspects of Consumer Behavior Research Paper

… Cultural Aspects of Consumer Behavior

The accelerating pace of globalization and the continued shift in cultural values within and between nations is leading to en masse shifts in consumer behavior. The strong collectivism of China specifically and Asia in general are giving way to more individualized purchasing and consumption strategies that seek to create an exceptional level of individuality for consumers (Jap, 2010). What is so significant about these factors is that branding, the customer experience and marketing are all driving a revolutionary shift in the cultural structure of nations (Tai, 2008). The four studies analyzed in this paper highlight just how powerful branding, customer experience and marketing are becoming relative to cultural barriers and resistance to change. The accumulated effect of these factors continues…. [read more]

Managing All Stakeholders Term Paper

… "The absorption of one company by another," Black's adds, "[with] the former losing its legal identity, and latter retaining its own name and identity and acquiring assets, liabilities, franchises, and powers of former, and absorbed company ceasing to exist as separate business entity" (p. 988).

In other cases, mergers and takeovers have appeared to be the result of opportunists looking for the quick profit; however, the consolidation of the highly complementary assets and resources of both of these giants will create some clear advantages for everyone concerned. Nevertheless, just as bigger may not mean better, merger may not mean advantage. In his chapter, "Technology Strategy: Collaborative Mode, V.K. Narayanan says that from a strategic viewpoint, collaborative mode is undertaken by firms when the economics of…. [read more]

Human Trafficking Essay

… Under the TVPA, if these traumatized individuals are not able to meet complex eligibility requirements and cooperate with law enforcement officials, they are ineligible for most protections and may, in fact, be deported." (Sadruddin et al. 2000). Federal policies that are attempting to make it more difficult for illegal immigrants to work clandestinely in the United States can make it more difficult to police human trafficking, given a victim's fears of the legal consequences. In terms of its actual enforcement, the law has also been criticized for being overly concerned with prosecuting crimes related to prostitution and the sex industry, and giving insufficient attention to crimes related to other areas where trafficking occurs, such as migrant labor (Destefano 2007).

This paper will offer a historical…. [read more]

International Trade Ever Since Adam Term Paper

… Privatization, deregulation, and economic reform became the buzzword around the world, resulting in accelerated transfer of assets, revenues, and power from elected governments to corporations. Let us now look at the negative effects of free international trade and globalization over the last few years.

How International Free Trade Policies Favor Big Corporations

Free trade policies are perceived by many to favor big business interests. Consider the following examples:


The WTO rules forbid a citizen of a third world country to copy a compact disc made in a developed country without paying a fee to the company that sells the compact disc. However, the WTO rules allow a company from the same developed country to make compact discs in a third world country despite the…. [read more]

Best Practices Investment Promotion Term Paper

… The nation has over 120,000 sq. km of farmland, which means that around 10% of the total size of the entire country is land area which can be used for agriculture (, 2007). In fact, when it comes to agriculture, China is able to grow a wealth of cash crops such as wheat, rice and corn, among a range of other cash crops along with around 70,000 sq. km of fresh water lakes that offer aquatic crops as well (, 2007). China also has abundant rainfall each year (6 trillion cubic meters) which make it a strong candidate for theoretical hydropower "Theoretical hydropower resources provided by the country's rivers amount to 676 million kw, of Which 378 million kw can be exploited for power generation,…. [read more]

Promoting Trust in E-Commerce: An EU Perspective Term Paper

… Promoting Trust in e-Commerce: AN EU Perspective on Quantifying Trust

The intent of this thesis proposal is to define a model for evaluating online trust initiatives as they relate to the growth of both B2C and B2B e-commerce transactions in the EU. The fact that EU-based B2B and B2C e-commerce has immediate global implications further brings the urgency of the definition of a model of trust to the forefront of research and validation efforts. The quantification of trust has many facets including Digital Rights Management (DRM), digital signatures, and the pervasive and urgent need for identity and transaction security online globally all further underscore the need for a thorough research effort that can look at approaches and models to quantify trust in transactions. The need…. [read more]

Policy Formulation in a World of Digital Information Term Paper

… Policy Formulation in a world of digital information

Some view involvement in information policy, particularly in the government or public sector, as a means of asserting control over information. Describe the subtle, but important differences between "control of information" and its "management" or "organization."

The dichotomy that exists in the control of information on the one hand and the pervasive availability of it on the other is at the center of the debate between the "control of information" on the one hand and its "management" or "organization" on the other. Nowhere is this dichotomy more visible than in the area of compliance, specifically the tensions that are mounting between the government's many initiatives at compliance being more focused on the control of information vs. being…. [read more]

Cultural Diversity in Workplace Master Level Term Paper

… Cultural Diversity in Workplace

With the concept of globalization continuously rising, various industries nowadays are adapting with the idea of having cultural diversity in the workplace. As organizations are becoming a little less competitive as the globalization becomes the trend, majority of the team-management came up with a viable alternative in organizational development.

Team playing and/or working is an idea, which has penetrated most businesses during the 90's (Mattson, 1998). Groups and teams are powerful ways to organize people around each corporate performance goals (Katzenbach et al., 1993).

Each organizational member's contribution will never match the combined performance in a real team. Usually, the need to form a team arises from the need either to get things done more efficiently, using lesser time and effort…. [read more]

Foreign Exchange Markets by Danny "Gekko" Miliaresis Term Paper

… Foreign Exchange Markets by Danny "GEKKO" Miliaresis

Miliaresis addresses the issue of foreign exchange (forex), and how these have become increasingly popular in trading, especially with the use of the Internet. In fact, the Internet has made trading increasingly easy for the general public. The article further states that the foreign exchange market as it exists today is fairly young, having originated in 1973. The author also briefly describes what the market looked like earlier in the century, before World War I, after the War, during the Depression, and so on.

In its current form, foreign exchange is one of the most popular trading markets because it requires relatively little start-up cash, and delivers high returns. Other reasons for the market's popularity include the absence…. [read more]

Business: Key Drivers Book Report

… ¶ … Business: Key Drivers for Business in the Next Decade

Following the introduction of the Internet and computer-based technologies in the closing decades of the 20th century, the pace of change has accelerated in the 21st century, and all signs indicate that these trends will continue well into the future. As the move from third generation to fourth generation cloud-based technologies continues on the way to ubiquitous computing, a number of key business drivers will become evident in the coming years and it is possible to discern some of these by examining current trends and projecting these into the future. To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to demonstrate that liberalization of trade, financial deregulation, the formation of international…. [read more]

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