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Government Emergency Management Term Paper

… Government

Emergency Management and the Government

Both Nice and Grosse (2001) and Farazmand (2001) agree that the structural nature of the U.S. federal government results in very specific policy-making patterns when it comes to crisis. Nice and Grosse (2001) argue that crises are focusing events for legislators and that government policy is always a function of crisis. In other words, the emergence of a crisis is what will most likely spur on action at the federal level because it draws attention to an existing problem. Similarly, Farazmand (2001) points out that policy-making in the United States is fundamentally reactive instead of proactive, primarily because rapid changes in political power make consistent policy decisions all but impossible.

From an emergency response perspective, this reality of federal…. [read more]

Ethical Principles in Government Policy in Modern Thesis

… Ethical Principles in Government Policy

In modern society, societal ethical values are codified in the formal rules, laws, and regulations administrated by local and national governments. However, different contemporary societies uphold very different standards of behavior and ethical definitions and criteria. Throughout human history, dictatorships and autocracies imposed laws of behavior based strictly on the whims and interests of government authorities with little regard for any objective moral ethics or values. Even in the most democratic societies in which government authorities are elected by the citizens to represent their interests may not necessarily distinguish objective ethics adequately from subjective beliefs and values.

In principle, the United States government may be the most democratic systems in human history; nevertheless, even in modern times, various elements of…. [read more]

Government and Policy the Joyan Islands Creative Writing

… Government & Policy

The Joyan Islands

As provisional Prime Minister of the newly independent Joyan Islands, it is my duty to set the example for the future course of the Joyan people. This means forming the island's priorities based on its goals, and following the examples of other island nations before it. A lot of what happens in a country depends on the cultural values embedded in history, but every new country feels it must shape its path in a fresh way from its colonial past. It is important for the Joyan Islands to maintain their unique cultural identity, yet at the same time to modernize and develop strong economy ties around the world as well as any industrial nation can do so.

The Joyan…. [read more]

Government Policy in Criminal Justice Term Paper

… Clearly, the government policy here, to hold these prisoners indefinitely, is hindering their personal freedom and their right to a fair and speedy trial if they indeed are guilty of various crimes.

Government policies continue to affect religious groups in the nation, too. While more Christian conservatives in the Congress and White House have brought about more interest in Christianity and a renewed interest in religious education in the schools, this has come at a high cost to many other religions. In addition, because of the broad range of views on free speech and what constitutes free speech, there have been many government and legal sanctions on what seem to be fairly innocuous religious references, such as the Pledge of Allegiance, which was "outlawed" by…. [read more]

Outsourcing of Government Functions a US Study Term Paper

… Government Outsourcing

The Outsourcing of Government Functions: a U.S. Study

Outsourcing of government functions is one of the most highly controversial practices of the 21st century. There are several prevailing positions regarding the outsourcing of government contracts to private companies. Valid arguments exist for increasing government outsourcing and for limiting future outsourcing as well. Regardless of which side one happens to be one, once thing is certain, outsourcing is a trend that is likely to continue in the future, particularly in the face of the global economy and advances in communication that make it easier than it was in the past.

By March of 2007, the number of government contractors rose to 7.5 million, which is currently four times the size of the federal workforce…. [read more]

Government Policy of Recycling on Campus Essay

… The campus today successfully recycles batteries, florescent light bulbs, and even computers. Yet another university with a clear and well-defined recycling plan is the University of Texas at Arlington. Already, the university has in place what it refers to as an award-winning program of composting and recycling. Some of the items and waste materials the university actively recycles include, but they are not limited to, metals, lamps, food debris, aluminum, and paper. All in all, therefore, a government policy of recycling on campus is largely practical and sustainable.

Next, it should also be noted that thanks to the successful adoption of what is referred to as the single stream recycling system, recycling on campus is now more convenient than ever. As a consequence of the…. [read more]

U.K. Government: Social Policy Theory Essay

… " (S-cool, 2012) Beveredge held that "it was the duty of individuals to combine as a society with the strong supporting the weak. The liberal consensus involved an acceptance of the mixed economy and the welfare state." (S-cool, 2012) This view is that the free market produces various undesirable features including: (1) The free market has as its basis "accumulation not social purpose and inevitably leads to avoidable ills and misery for some individuals; (2) market forces are "undemocratic being controlled by a few very powerful individuals; (3) the free market provides rewards that are unjust and moral principle does not govern penalties and rewards; (4) the market is not self-regulating and unless the market is regulated the result is economic crisis, unemployment, inflation and…. [read more]

Canadian Social Policy Essay

… Canadian Social Policy

The title of the article by Gerard Boismenu and Peter Graefe provides a strong hint as to the intended message and impact of this piece. "Tool Belt" reads like something is being forced into position rather than by legislative cooperation, or that something needs mechanical manipulation; and "Attempts to Rebuild Social Policy Leadership," suggest that there is no current leadership (Boismenu, et al., 2004, p. 71). In addition, a phrase in the first sentence offers the reader the sense that this paper is going to take the Canadian government to task: "unilateral action" in reference to any government policy reads as arbitrary, undemocratic, and is not what parliamentary leadership is supposed to be about.

And as the reader continues through this scholarly…. [read more]

Competitive Strategies and Government Policies Essay

… In addition to the pricing strategies, every cruise line corporation uses extensive marketing and promotional campaigns to attract potential customers and persuade them to prefer its cruise ships over all other options. The biggest promotional mediums for cruise line corporations are electronic and print media. These corporations run expensive advertisements throughout the year on television, radio, internet, newspapers, and magazines in order to keep themselves alive in the minds of the customers. The advertisements attract these customers by showing beauty of the tourist destinations, luxury of ship apartments, pictorial presentation of casinos, restaurant foods, miniature golf course, spa, and other add-on services.

When these companies do merger or starts some kind of business expansion project, the labor demand increases in the industry whereas the supply…. [read more]

Majority and Minority Governments Research Paper

… Francois and Hoyland stated, "Minority governments usually rely on the support of at least one other party to sustain the confidence of the legislature" (Francois and Hoyland 2009, 01).

One main reason behind this responsive attitude of minority governments is that they do not have any other option. As stated above, they also need approval of other parties for passing legislation. Therefore, whether they like it or not they have to take the views of MPS. Their case is very different from that of a majority government in which the elected members follow the rules of the party. Opposite to this case, minority governments are dependent on other parties and their votes.


The Mandate of the Auditor General of Canada defined accountability in the…. [read more]

American Government and Politics Today Essay

… Government

Why did the Framers of the Constitution create a bicameral legislature? Was part of the reason for a two-house legislature the idea that it would be more difficult to pass legislation, therefore serving as a check on a runaway legislature? What impact does this have today? Is it easy for Congress to agree on legislation?

There are three main reasons.

The primary reason was an issue of chronological precedent. At the same time as the American colonists had revolted against British regulation in the Revolutionary War, they silently drew a lot of their ideas about government from their colonial understanding as British citizens. In addition, the British Parliament had two houses -- an upper chamber, the House of Lords, packed with representatives of the…. [read more]

Against the Libertarian View on Welfare and Government Policies Research Paper

… ¶ … Libertarian Views on Welfare

The Libertarian view on welfare and other similar government policies is that they should be ended. If we were to move to a Libertarian method of government it could have drastic effects on the current population and create more problems that it would solve. Alleviating the accountability of the government under the guise of freedom is not a responsible method of a government that is for the people.

Essentially Libertarians believe personal liberty should be the overriding concern of society and government should stay out of people's lives as much as possible. They contend government should significantly lower its size, reduce taxes, and leave citizen's alone. Some positions the party supports include the legalization of drugs and abolishment of…. [read more]

Government Contracting Term Paper

… ¶ … Government Contracts

Federal contractors are faced with a number of alternatives concerning the type of contract they use for a given project. Different types of contracts, of course, have their respective benefits and weaknesses for any given project, though. To determine optimal contractual approaches, this paper explores the pros and cons of different types of contracts from both the contractor's perspective as well as that of the federal government. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.

Benefits and drawbacks of fixed-price contracts from the perspective of a contractor

There are as many as 20 different types of defense contracts currently in use, and identifying the respective risks that are associated with cost overruns allows them to be…. [read more]

Government Policies Thesis

… Government Policies

Four policies the government has created: Economic growth and productivity

Student loans

The purpose of student loans is to make education more affordable for the average American. The premise behind student loans is that students will borrow to pay their education, get a better job, and then pay off the costs of that education later in life, after they have attained financial solvency. However, this happy scenario does not always transpire. A shaky economy makes repayment of student loans far from certain. Furthermore, student loans do not level the playing field as much as one might assume. Students from wealthier backgrounds do not need to balance work and school. They can take internships over the summer to build their social networks, rather than…. [read more]

Policy Studies Term Paper

… For developing consistent policies, it is also important to relate them to general principles of evaluation. In order to develop policies with maximum possible output, tradeoffs between conflicting aspects have to be made. Such tradeoffs can often be made by means of a cost-benefit analysis.

The knowledge pertaining to policy analysis is primarily drawn from the social sciences. However, the knowledge necessary for effective policy analysis is not derived from any particular discipline of social science. It draws its problems from the realm of actions, rather than the questions asked by particular disciplines. (Duncan) This is the reason that the process of policy analysis involves various disciplines rather than a single logical subject. The disciplines considered while conducting a policy analysis might include economics, political…. [read more]

Government Constitution Essay

… States also have authority reserved to them. This separation of powers does overlap and from time to time leads to problems which then have to be resolved according to the other components of the Constitution (Kelly, 2012).

What is public policy? Explain. What purpose does it serve?

Public policy manifests the general sense and universal conscience of the citizens as a total that extends throughout the state and is applied to matters of public well-being, security, and welfare. It is universal, well-settled public opinion relating to the responsibilities of citizens to their fellow citizens. It brings in something that varies with the changing economic needs, social customs, and moral ambitions of the people. Public policy enters into, and influences, the performance, implementation, and understanding of…. [read more]

Policy Direction and Politics Stone Essay

… The "messy realties of complex politics and administration" create a context ripe for changes in policy and policy implementation. As Stone accedes in the last chapter, both forms of policy making can be considered normative or positive representations of the complex processes of the polis model. I agree that rational decision-making and political dialogue working toward negotiation or compromise is both valuable and possible. The rational decision-making model for policymaking is a good heuristic for discussing the components of public policy agenda-building. I bring up Kingdon here because he formulated model based on the interaction of problem, proposal, and politics in the policy agenda-setting process that runs parallel to much of Stone's policy paradox model. According to Kingdon, these three elements must work independently even…. [read more]

Policy Brief About EU Russia Relations Term Paper

… Policy Brief about EU-Russia Relations

The issue of the Russian Federation, in terms of the relations the EU has so far established, is part of the discussion. Still, the EU-Russia relations represent an important issue to be taken into account due to the influential role Russia plays in the immediate vicinity of the EU and as a global player. Under these conditions, for the EU to have a strong and positive foreign policy to the extent it envisaged throughout the policy initiatives it encouraged inside the Union, good sound relations with Russia are essential.

The present policy brief aims to place in balance the possible solutions that are at the disposal of the European and Russian diplomacy, taking into account the latest developments between the…. [read more]

Government Contracting Process Thesis

… Government Contracting Process

The Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act (FASA) of 1994 was formulated with the intention of simplifying of the buying procedures of the government in that many competition restrictions on government purchases were removed involving purchases less than $100,000. Now, full and open competition is used in procedures that are much simpler in solicitation and evaluation of bids up to $100,000. All planned purchases of over $25,000 are under a requirement for advertisement by the government. The simpler procedures make a requirement of les sin the way of administrative details as well as lower approval levels and less in the way of documentation. All federal purchases, according to new procurement reform legislation above $2,00 but less than $100,000 are reserved for small businesses unless…. [read more]

Government by the People Federalism Essay

… government by the People


This is the sharing of power by and between the national, state and local governments (Longley, 2011). It is the opposite of centralized governments in such countries as England and France where the national government exercises total power. The 50 States of the Union have their own constitutions but they all comply with the U.S. Constitution.

The national government exercises exclusive powers as well as shares other powers with the state and the local governments. Its exclusive powers are to print money, declare war, create an army and a navy, enter into foreign treaties, regulate local and international trade, set up post offices and issue postage, and create laws to enforce the Constitution. On the other hand, state governments exercise…. [read more]

National Economic Effects of Government Essay

… The skills necessities, additional, frequently discriminate against women, whereas women's contribution in the labour force might also be incomplete in their nation of source. Some propose that one of the more clear procedures of discrimination can be originated in the depositor or business immigrant group, which permits wealthy persons to efficiently buy admission to Canada by bringing important monetary capital into the national economy. Such chances are merely obtainable to advantaged economic classes, and deprived of to those of incomplete income and wealth.

It is significant to communicate that the Points System simply goes along with one class of immigrants. Persons may settle to Canada under the family and refugee groups and, as such, are not obligatory to meet inceptions of education, employment skill, or…. [read more]

What Factors Affects the US President Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process About Iran Research Paper

… ¶ … U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process About Iran?

President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process is a lucrative feature that ensures maintenance of security and stability of many organs of management in the U.S.A. The existence of the state and sovereignty of the government of the United States is all dependent on the natural and synthetic features of its decision-making processes as concerns foreign issues. The U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process has suffered immense criticism from other states and governments

The manner in which the country has handled issues concerning other nations is statistical. For instance, actions against Iran and Iraq are tantamount to the relationship existing between the two countries now. Therefore, the existence of intensive U.S. President Foreign Policy…. [read more]

Understanding Public Policy Essay

… ¶ … Public Policy

Depending upon the context of the public policy, such as social, military, political, or healthcare, the policy development process may differ. Public policy can be generally defined as a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of action, and funding priorities concerning a given topic promulgated by a governmental entity or its representatives (Kilpatrick, 2000). With certainty, the policy making development process requires evaluation, which may be qualitative or quantitative, such as outcome data or perhaps in the form of consumer research (i.e. focus groups, surveys). Consumer research is the most frequently used to understand or to evaluate public policy issues (Hastak, et al., 2001). Policies evaluation refers to the process of measuring and assessing the impacts and merits of government policies,…. [read more]

Government Subsidized Student Loans Thesis

… Higher education is taken to be a safeguard against unemployment with statistics indicating that unemployment among university graduates was 4.4% whereas for people who had not completed secondary school, unemployment was near 11.5%. (The Economist, 2011)

Although the phenomenon, with the state supporting education may sound ideal, and other emerging countries too might try to emulate the model in an effort to bring their economies up to par, several contrary view points have been voiced by critics that question the economic and political feasibility of the subsidized student loans.

Foremost is the startling figure of $1 trillion worth of outstanding student loans. Secondly there are arguments that this loan is for students who have already completed their studies and hence subsidizing it further will not…. [read more]

British Policy Style? Term Paper

… This assures that they learn the proper attitudes and positions and gives traditionalist some security that the next administration will not undo what has already been done. This system assures that continuity and tradition prevails.

A prime example of a change in policy is the recent policies regarding the Coal and Steel industries. The 1951 Treaty of Paris establishes the market structure of this industry. This treaty formed a basis for maintaining market stability among the treaty countries (Dudley and Richardson 1999). The Treaty of Paris provided a frame work for outside intervention into the industry by the concerned parties in order to regulate prices and assure stability of supply and demand. Recently there has been a shift from this conservative prospective and a trend…. [read more]

Public Policy and Service Research Paper

… The term leadership, of course, brings up additional theories, viewpoints and modes of operation, which then led me to even more research.

I discovered that I was both a coach and a leader, and aspired to be more of both through knowledge and experience. Indeed, leaders and coaches, whatever the title is really mentors within the context of a particular organization or activity. In governmental service, leaders help communicate policy, but in that, they mentor staff, communicate with other stakeholders, and model the type of behavior that engenders confidence. In the workplace, we may define leadership as a coaching model, or a framework to use as an underlying structure to build teamwork, confidence, improve performance and behavior. In this way, someone with more experience and…. [read more]

Canadian Foreign Policy a Brave Reaction Paper

… The issue, however, is that Canadians are seldom asked to make difficult decisions in trade in regards to spending: if more money is to be provided to these outwardly focused strategy parts, what are they actually willing to spend less on is the question that I discovered?

An additional issue that I discovered what the fact that the degree of support established for internationalism is way out of percentage with the evidences on the ground. "Even though Canada slept" to copy the title of Andrew Cohen's new manuscript Canada's military competence has really gone down fast (it positions near the lowest of the NATO list in footings of The Gazette, Montreal "Canadians are doing bizarre stuff in the globe," narrates Jennifer Welsh, noting Stephen Lewis's…. [read more]

Federal Government Policy: Mandatory Internet Essay

… To begin with, the filters are not fool proof. In the Frequently Asked Questions section of the Broadband Department of Australia Web site, there is an admission that it is possible for a user to circumvent filters (DBCDE, 2011). Hence in that regard, filters might be seen as a waste of tax payer's money as their efficiency in accomplishing that which they are designed to accomplish is not guaranteed. Further, there are those who feel that policies on internet filtering are veiled moves towards muzzling free flow of information and freedom of expression (Simpson, 2011).

The Policy and its Relation to Moral Panics

According to Cohen (1980), the occurrence of moral panic is informed by the emergence of an episode or condition that ends up…. [read more]

Government Policy Reports: Documents White Paper

… ¶ … government policy reports: documents that would define a problem, outline its parameters, and offer a set of possible solutions. The paper represented official government opinion and proposed policy initiatives usually related to international conflicts and other global conundrums. Therefore, most government policy reports are white papers, and most government-issued white papers are policy papers. Smith (2002) defines a white paper as "an article that states an organization's position or philosophy about a social, political, or other subject." The white paper is not, however, legislation. A white paper rarely offers detailed descriptions of how the proposed policy will be carried through or enacted in law. White papers "advocate that a certain position is the best way to go or that a certain solution is…. [read more]

U.S. Domestic Policy Thesis

… ¶ … U.S. domestic policy is, and some of its goals. U.S. domestic policy is the umbrella that attempts to organize and control domestic policies inside our country that relate directly to the American people. These can be as varied as government policies on HIV / AIDS to managing disasters like Hurricane Katrina. Domestic policies affect just about everyone in some way or another, and they monitor a huge variety of complex issues and policies that create the overall fabric of life in this country.

domestic policy has so many goals it is difficult to pin them down to just a few. Some of the most important right now include the economy and the energy crisis, although the Domestic Policy Council, the group that advises…. [read more]

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