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Government and Policy the Joyan Islands Creative Writing

… Government & Policy

The Joyan Islands

As provisional Prime Minister of the newly independent Joyan Islands, it is my duty to set the example for the future course of the Joyan people. This means forming the island's priorities based on its goals, and following the examples of other island nations before it. A lot of what happens in a country depends on the cultural values embedded in history, but every new country feels it must shape its path in a fresh way from its colonial past. It is important for the Joyan Islands to maintain their unique cultural identity, yet at the same time to modernize and develop strong economy ties around the world as well as any industrial nation can do so.

The Joyan…. [read more]


U.K. Government: Social Policy Theory Essay

… " (S-cool, 2012) Beveredge held that "it was the duty of individuals to combine as a society with the strong supporting the weak. The liberal consensus involved an acceptance of the mixed economy and the welfare state." (S-cool, 2012) This view is that the free market produces various undesirable features including: (1) The free market has as its basis "accumulation not social purpose and inevitably leads to avoidable ills and misery for some individuals; (2) market forces are "undemocratic being controlled by a few very powerful individuals; (3) the free market provides rewards that are unjust and moral principle does not govern penalties and rewards; (4) the market is not self-regulating and unless the market is regulated the result is economic crisis, unemployment, inflation and…. [read more]


Government Contracting Term Paper

… ¶ … Government Contracts

Federal contractors are faced with a number of alternatives concerning the type of contract they use for a given project. Different types of contracts, of course, have their respective benefits and weaknesses for any given project, though. To determine optimal contractual approaches, this paper explores the pros and cons of different types of contracts from both the contractor's perspective as well as that of the federal government. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.

Benefits and drawbacks of fixed-price contracts from the perspective of a contractor

There are as many as 20 different types of defense contracts currently in use, and identifying the respective risks that are associated with cost overruns allows them to be…. [read more]


Government and Its Role and Power Essay

… Government and its role and power to rule people within a specific territory are core aspect of all political philosophy. This is largely because people generally accept legitimacy claims made by the government and states that govern the territories where they live. However, in analyzing the role of the government in relation to its rule over people, it's important to explore the concept of human nature, social contract, and several aspects that impact democracy. These aspects are critical elements with which the role of government can be determined and understood given that almost every society has a system of governance in the form of government or state's rule.

Concept of Human Nature:

One of the most remarkable features about human nature is that human beings…. [read more]


American Government and Politics Today Essay

… Government

Why did the Framers of the Constitution create a bicameral legislature? Was part of the reason for a two-house legislature the idea that it would be more difficult to pass legislation, therefore serving as a check on a runaway legislature? What impact does this have today? Is it easy for Congress to agree on legislation?

There are three main reasons.

The primary reason was an issue of chronological precedent. At the same time as the American colonists had revolted against British regulation in the Revolutionary War, they silently drew a lot of their ideas about government from their colonial understanding as British citizens. In addition, the British Parliament had two houses -- an upper chamber, the House of Lords, packed with representatives of the…. [read more]


National Economic Effects of Government Essay

… The skills necessities, additional, frequently discriminate against women, whereas women's contribution in the labour force might also be incomplete in their nation of source. Some propose that one of the more clear procedures of discrimination can be originated in the depositor or business immigrant group, which permits wealthy persons to efficiently buy admission to Canada by bringing important monetary capital into the national economy. Such chances are merely obtainable to advantaged economic classes, and deprived of to those of incomplete income and wealth.

It is significant to communicate that the Points System simply goes along with one class of immigrants. Persons may settle to Canada under the family and refugee groups and, as such, are not obligatory to meet inceptions of education, employment skill, or…. [read more]


American Government and Its Influence and Control on Society Term Paper

… ¶ … government has a perfect right to influence behavior to the best of its ability if it is for the welfare of the individual and the community as a whole.

This quote, by former Surgeon General of the United States C. Everett Koop, epitomizes the view that government is in place to act as a type of benevolent watchdog for society. The essence of the quote was made in a public health viewpoint, but is both paternalistic and arrogant in that it says that the government has the authority and expertise to judge what is good and bad for the populace. In the context of his speech, Koop was referring to the government's efforts to discourage smoking, mandate childhood vaccinations, and limit risky behavior.…. [read more]


Government and Elections Should Foreign Essay

… Campaigning also requires attendance at charity functions and other public events so that candidates can mix, mingle, meet, and greet the public. The monetary expenses of political campaigning are such that require great amounts of funding. In fact, the idea that a candidate can run for political office effectively without great amounts of funding would not even be considered as feasible in today's society. Funding for political campaign is a big business. There was a ban on corporate spending on campaigns however, this ban was blocked by the Supreme Court in 2010 when it ruled that the "government may not ban political spending by corporations in candidate elections." (Liptak, 2010) The report states that the move by the Supreme Court served to overrule "two important…. [read more]


What Factors Affects the US President Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process About Iran Research Paper

… ¶ … U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process About Iran?

President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process is a lucrative feature that ensures maintenance of security and stability of many organs of management in the U.S.A. The existence of the state and sovereignty of the government of the United States is all dependent on the natural and synthetic features of its decision-making processes as concerns foreign issues. The U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process has suffered immense criticism from other states and governments

The manner in which the country has handled issues concerning other nations is statistical. For instance, actions against Iran and Iraq are tantamount to the relationship existing between the two countries now. Therefore, the existence of intensive U.S. President Foreign Policy…. [read more]


Public Policy and Service Research Paper

… The term leadership, of course, brings up additional theories, viewpoints and modes of operation, which then led me to even more research.

I discovered that I was both a coach and a leader, and aspired to be more of both through knowledge and experience. Indeed, leaders and coaches, whatever the title is really mentors within the context of a particular organization or activity. In governmental service, leaders help communicate policy, but in that, they mentor staff, communicate with other stakeholders, and model the type of behavior that engenders confidence. In the workplace, we may define leadership as a coaching model, or a framework to use as an underlying structure to build teamwork, confidence, improve performance and behavior. In this way, someone with more experience and…. [read more]


Local Government Around the World Essay

… The judicial branch of the New York City is a bit more complicated as compared to most other judicial branches function in the United States of America. The head of the judicial system, like in all other regions of the country, is the state Supreme Court where all the Supreme Court judges are elected. Under the supreme court, there are separate civil courts, criminal courts and family courts, with each one of the three existing in each of the city's boroughs. The civil court handles the claim cases, the criminal courts handle cases they are of criminal nature such as felonies, and the family courts handles cases pertaining to family and children (Mauro & Benjamin, 1989).

The New York City government despite of being more…. [read more]


European Union's Holistic Security Policy Term Paper

… " (2005) The reason for the lack in consistency is reported to indicate that conditionality has been reduced due to the functional goal conflicts "of improving and institutionalizing relations with the neighboring countries." (2005) Schimmelfennig states that the ENP is formulated upon the commitment of the EU to the promotion of "core liberal values and norms beyond its borders." (2005)

Political conditionality is stated to be the main instrument of promotion a norm and assistance through direct democracy is such that serves to complement political conditionality " as a second instrument. (Schimmelfennig, 2005) It is related that because the European Union has as its basis the fundamental values of respect for "human dignity, liberty, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights"…. [read more]


Government Welfare Term Paper

… ..this led to increases in welfare caseloads and the number of single-parent families" (New B7). The results of the Cato study and Murray's arguments show that "states with low benefits enjoyed larger caseload reductions than states with high benefits" (New B7).

According to the Government Accounting Office, although, there have been studies conducted to understand the role of welfare benefits and a "woman's decision to have a child...the results of studies have been mixed" (Welfare pg). However, "a recent summary of this research found that a slight majority of studies have concluded that receiving welfare has led to a decrease in marriage and an increase in childbearing" (Welfare pg).

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities 1999 report observed that welfare caseloads "have declined at…. [read more]


Big Government Essay

… ¶ … Right to Downsize Big Government

They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. -- Benjamin Franklin

Proponents argue that some people are not able to take care of their problems themselves and need the type of assistance that only Big Government can provide. Proponents of Big Government also argue that some companies are "too big to fail" and tens of billions of American taxpayer dollars have been used to bail out corporations while millions of Americans lost their homes to the Great Recession of 2008. Critics of Big Government counter that the United States is mortgaging the fortunes of future generations by profligate spending habits today. In order to determine the facts in…. [read more]


Government That Have Been Employed Essay

… Elections are a principle aspect of this type of government, as is the notion that the majority of the people will dictate what policies are set in a country. Groups that comprise the minority of a population will not have their needs met in a democracy.

A third type of government that has existed throughout history is that which is known as an aristocracy. There are some similarities between an aristocracy and a monarchy. The principle difference between these two forms of government is that an aristocracy consists of multiple persons, generally the politically elite in a society or its nobility, that have the power to set and implement decisions that influence public policy. In one respect an aristocracy addresses one of the central deficiencies…. [read more]


Policy Direction and Politics Stone Essay

… The "messy realties of complex politics and administration" create a context ripe for changes in policy and policy implementation. As Stone accedes in the last chapter, both forms of policy making can be considered normative or positive representations of the complex processes of the polis model. I agree that rational decision-making and political dialogue working toward negotiation or compromise is both valuable and possible. The rational decision-making model for policymaking is a good heuristic for discussing the components of public policy agenda-building. I bring up Kingdon here because he formulated model based on the interaction of problem, proposal, and politics in the policy agenda-setting process that runs parallel to much of Stone's policy paradox model. According to Kingdon, these three elements must work independently even…. [read more]


Policy Studies Term Paper

… For developing consistent policies, it is also important to relate them to general principles of evaluation. In order to develop policies with maximum possible output, tradeoffs between conflicting aspects have to be made. Such tradeoffs can often be made by means of a cost-benefit analysis.

The knowledge pertaining to policy analysis is primarily drawn from the social sciences. However, the knowledge necessary for effective policy analysis is not derived from any particular discipline of social science. It draws its problems from the realm of actions, rather than the questions asked by particular disciplines. (Duncan) This is the reason that the process of policy analysis involves various disciplines rather than a single logical subject. The disciplines considered while conducting a policy analysis might include economics, political…. [read more]


Government Constitution Essay

… States also have authority reserved to them. This separation of powers does overlap and from time to time leads to problems which then have to be resolved according to the other components of the Constitution (Kelly, 2012).

What is public policy? Explain. What purpose does it serve?

Public policy manifests the general sense and universal conscience of the citizens as a total that extends throughout the state and is applied to matters of public well-being, security, and welfare. It is universal, well-settled public opinion relating to the responsibilities of citizens to their fellow citizens. It brings in something that varies with the changing economic needs, social customs, and moral ambitions of the people. Public policy enters into, and influences, the performance, implementation, and understanding of…. [read more]


Government Emergency Management Term Paper

… Government

Emergency Management and the Government

Both Nice and Grosse (2001) and Farazmand (2001) agree that the structural nature of the U.S. federal government results in very specific policy-making patterns when it comes to crisis. Nice and Grosse (2001) argue that crises are focusing events for legislators and that government policy is always a function of crisis. In other words, the emergence of a crisis is what will most likely spur on action at the federal level because it draws attention to an existing problem. Similarly, Farazmand (2001) points out that policy-making in the United States is fundamentally reactive instead of proactive, primarily because rapid changes in political power make consistent policy decisions all but impossible.

From an emergency response perspective, this reality of federal…. [read more]


Federal Government Has Expanded Essay

… Republicans had sought for amendment in an effort to safeguard the voting rights for blacks in the south and to ban racial discrimination. This amendment went unenforced by the government. Even though this increased the role of the federal government, enhancing the political structure, there was no value to the social and economic structures because of no enforcement. The social issues of unequal voting rights and discrimination were prevalent.

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was enacted to protect the rights of the newly freed slaves, preserve the Republican Party's power in the south, and ban racial discrimination in public schools, churches, and public places, which eliminated segregated schools. (Congress, 2004) This act included a damage remedy of $500 for any person that was victim…. [read more]


Government Preferable in a Presidential Essay

… The federal government originally was far weaker than it now is, states held far more responsibility in concerns such as currency, trade, and even the states military.

One problem of a divided government is the presence of considerable deadlock and conflict between issues among the divided parties. This problem does not happen in parliamentary systems, since the ruling party controls all functions of government, and the minority party can merely voice its opinion. The slowness of the presidential system is frustrating for many observers, as controversial legislation is often not even presented in divided congresses, so that one party can seek to pass that legislation during a time of one party rule. This means legislation that is passed during divided government is usually weaker, less…. [read more]


Policy Brief About EU Russia Relations Term Paper

… Policy Brief about EU-Russia Relations

The issue of the Russian Federation, in terms of the relations the EU has so far established, is part of the discussion. Still, the EU-Russia relations represent an important issue to be taken into account due to the influential role Russia plays in the immediate vicinity of the EU and as a global player. Under these conditions, for the EU to have a strong and positive foreign policy to the extent it envisaged throughout the policy initiatives it encouraged inside the Union, good sound relations with Russia are essential.

The present policy brief aims to place in balance the possible solutions that are at the disposal of the European and Russian diplomacy, taking into account the latest developments between the…. [read more]


Government by the People Federalism Essay

… government by the People

Federalism

This is the sharing of power by and between the national, state and local governments (Longley, 2011). It is the opposite of centralized governments in such countries as England and France where the national government exercises total power. The 50 States of the Union have their own constitutions but they all comply with the U.S. Constitution.

The national government exercises exclusive powers as well as shares other powers with the state and the local governments. Its exclusive powers are to print money, declare war, create an army and a navy, enter into foreign treaties, regulate local and international trade, set up post offices and issue postage, and create laws to enforce the Constitution. On the other hand, state governments exercise…. [read more]


Government Contracting Process Thesis

… Government Contracting Process

The Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act (FASA) of 1994 was formulated with the intention of simplifying of the buying procedures of the government in that many competition restrictions on government purchases were removed involving purchases less than $100,000. Now, full and open competition is used in procedures that are much simpler in solicitation and evaluation of bids up to $100,000. All planned purchases of over $25,000 are under a requirement for advertisement by the government. The simpler procedures make a requirement of les sin the way of administrative details as well as lower approval levels and less in the way of documentation. All federal purchases, according to new procurement reform legislation above $2,00 but less than $100,000 are reserved for small businesses unless…. [read more]


Government Shutdown a Shutdown Furlough Article Review

… For this situation to be avoided and its repeat, it is important that at the time of high-stakes negotiations regarding appropriation measures, the Congress and the President are left with different options:

Applying a single or several interim continuing resolutions (CRs) in extending temporary funding beyond the start of a fiscal year, in anticipation of negotiators making final decisions over funding levels of full year.

Reaching to an agreement pertaining regular appropriations acts prior to October 1, which is in the beginning of a new fiscal year.

Failing to agree on full year or interim appropriations acts, leading to a funding gap as well as a corresponding shutdown of federal activities.

In case the President and the Congress pursue the first or third option, an…. [read more]


Government Effects Term Paper

… Government Effects

The Government in the United States, and indeed in any country, affects every aspect of life to a large extent. The Government is the main law making body in the country, and as such can determine the way of life of a large amount of people. This is particularly true of a despotic or any other non-democratic form of government. The laws that such governments impose can for example impact negatively upon persons or groups of people advocating a particular way of life in terms of religion or political ideology. Governments can and indeed have suppressed lifestyles relating not only to politics and religion, but also to personal choices such as sexual partners and choices of career.

Assuming a democratic government, this rulership…. [read more]


Government Bureaucracy Term Paper

… Government Bureaucracy

Personal Experience with Bureaucracy

When the average person hears the term bureaucracy, the typical image that is conjured up in the mind is probably that of smoke filled backrooms full of politically connected people whose only interest is the advancement of their own goals and objectives, or perhaps the endless backlog of paperwork which keeps progress from occurring. Whatever the case, by looking at a personal situation that resulted in a brush with bureaucracy, and comparing that experience with classic views of bureaucracy is quite interesting.

The personal experience with bureaucracy involves the payment of a personal income tax for the municipality in which I live. Where the complication came in was that surprisingly enough, I one day received a delinquent tax notice…. [read more]


Economic Policy Essay

… Reforms in the law alter the legislative environment for the President and Congress. Alternate will of the people and conflict over decision may pose problems for the President and Congress as happened in the 1960s with the Civil Rights Movement when the country was divided over according democratic rights to Blacks. Decision of such conflicts may influence political party and presidential popularity hence affecting possibility of his reelection.

3. Foreign and domestic policy

Domestic policy refers to the decisions, laws, and programs that the government makes in reference to its people. It is decisions that are solely applicable to the running of the country. Domestic policy extends to areas that include business, education, health care, energy, law enforcement, economic concerns, social welfare, natural resources, and…. [read more]


Canadian Policy Brief Report Term Paper

… Canadian Policy at the Crossroads: Protecting Canada's Independence In The Age Of Globalization

The foreign relations of Canada are by nature, very much centered upon its southern neighbor, the United States. This is true for both trade and foreign policy considerations. In addition, Canadian governments have also had active relations with many other nations. These relationships have been mostly but not exclusively via multilateral organizations such as the Commonwealth of Nations, the United Nations, NATO and La Francophonie.

While Canada has very often sided with Great Britain and the United States in its foreign policy, it has attempted to guard a degree of autonomy in foreign affairs as exhibited in the Chanak Crisis of 1922-23 and in the Canadian failure to support the United States…. [read more]


Outsourcing of Government Functions a US Study Term Paper

… Government Outsourcing

The Outsourcing of Government Functions: a U.S. Study

Outsourcing of government functions is one of the most highly controversial practices of the 21st century. There are several prevailing positions regarding the outsourcing of government contracts to private companies. Valid arguments exist for increasing government outsourcing and for limiting future outsourcing as well. Regardless of which side one happens to be one, once thing is certain, outsourcing is a trend that is likely to continue in the future, particularly in the face of the global economy and advances in communication that make it easier than it was in the past.

By March of 2007, the number of government contractors rose to 7.5 million, which is currently four times the size of the federal workforce…. [read more]

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