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Creating a Proposal for a Counseling Group Research Paper

… Counseling groups give members the opportunity to share experiences, discover new viewpoints, and experiment with the new behaviors in a relatively safe and supportive environment. A professional counseling service provider leads the group in its endeavor to satisfy demands of the members. This paper is a proposal that creates and illustrates a counseling group. In particular, it discusses into details the goals and objectives, evaluation plan for total group experience, logistics of group program, a comprehensive description of ten group sessions, description of group activities, and evaluation of the group. This evaluation will take into account the various copies of tests, rating forms, and questionnaires that are culturally appropriate.


Purpose and Rationale

The counseling group intends to provide members majority of which are teenagers…. [read more]

Group Counseling as an Alternative for the Prevention of Academic Failure Among Middle School Students Thesis

… ¶ … Justification for the Research

Page 8 Chapter Two / Historical Background of Counseling

Page 9 Historical Background of Group Counseling

Page 11 ASCA Description of Counselor's Duties

Page 12 Review of Literature / Role of Parents & Counselors

Page 15 Group Counseling -- Positive Results

Page 18 Group Counseling -- Students Motivated to Succeed

Page 19 Service Learning -- Helping Others

Page 21 Counselors Kick-Starting Girls' Interest in Math

Page 22 Counselors & Student Successes

Page 24 Dynamics of Leadership

Page 30 Survival Guide for Middle School Counselors

Page 33 Humanizing the Process for Adolescents

Page 36 Chapter Two Conclusion

Page 37 Chapter Three Methodology

Page 37 Chapter Four Discussion and Conclusions

Page 38 Conclusion -- Florida Dropout Issues

Page 40 Discussion

Page…. [read more]

Counseling Skills Research Paper

… The efficient therapist observes by realizing and decoding non-verbal expression. Customers on the edge of dropping out of therapy often show discontentment with therapy or the healing process by skipping sessions, coming late, unable to complete required forms and tasks, or staying mute when requested to contribute. Any incident of such actions provides an opportunity to talk about the factors for the actions and to learn from it. An excellent specialist concentrates by getting clients to talk freely about emotions, factors, and desires. Concentrating on your customer's immediate feeling, need, problems, anxiety, issue, scenario, pain, or experience is crucial regardless how appropriate it may seem in the bigger plan of therapy. Illustrating out your customer's views and presentation of a scenario is essential (Shulman, 2009).…. [read more]

Proposal for a Group Research Proposal

… Group Dynamics in Treating Domestic Violence Offenders

Domestic violence affects the lives of many families. Research has demonstrated that the dynamics of a group therapy is effective in assisting domestic violence offenders to change their behaviors associated with domestic violence and furthermore, research has demonstrated that group therapy is particularly effective among domestic violence offenders who are men in providing these individuals with the support needed to modify negative behaviors that result in domestic violence offenses.

The purpose of the research proposed herein is to test the effectiveness of group therapy for male domestic violence offenders.

The significance of this study is the knowledge that will be added to the already existing knowledge-base relating to effective group counseling for male domestic violence offenders.


The…. [read more]

Alternate Corrections Proposal Alternative Punishment Term Paper

… It's noteworthy though, that having a job after release decreased the likelihood of reoffending by 41% (ibid., p. 383). Reducing inmate recidivism rates may therefore depend not only on passing a GED exam, but taking college level classes that increase the chances of landing a job.

Of the nearly 7.2 million Americans under some form of correctional control at the end of 2009, an estimated 5.3 million were ineligible to vote due to their felony conviction (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2011). Given the racial disparities evident in prison populations, this translates into approximately 13% of the African-American male population being unable to vote, sometimes for the rest of their lives. Rather than excluding felons from society, rehabilitation should promote inclusion and thus support the…. [read more]

Group Work-Introduction to Social Term Paper

… This phase is often considered on of transition, where individual group members must dispel familiar frames of reference in lieu of new ones that help them evaluate the new group situation (Garland, Jones & Kolodny, 43). Here ambiguity may result in change that leads to more intimate relationships within the group setting (44).

Here the primary role of the social worker will be providing clarification in the group of its existence and "nature of the power control issue" to help result it and enable group members to trust "their vulnerable intimate selves to one another and to the workers" (Garland, Jones & Kolodny, 45). The worker should aspire to clarify issues and meaning and provide members an opportunity to connect with particular struggles within the…. [read more]

Using Christian Counseling to Resolve 21St Century Problems Research Paper

… We help people most when we talk to them individually" (emphasis author's) (p. 12). Likewise, Meadors (2012) emphasizes that:

The Holy Spirit is described by several names that help us see His role in counseling. Jesus calls the Holy Spirit 'the Counselor' in John 14:16 and then tells us that the Holy Spirit is always available (He abides forever), that He will help us remember Christ's teachings, that He will testify about Christ, that He will convict mankind of sin, and that He will guide us into all truth. The Holy Spirit is the one who actually applies the truths of God's Word to the believer's life. He makes theology come alive. (p. 10)

Because resources are by definition scarce and time is of the…. [read more]

Terrorism Prevention Identify Essay

… ¶ … Terrorism Prevention

Identify and define the two types of deterrence. Explain different categories of risk factors for crime and provide examples of factors within each category

The two main types of deterrence are general and specific deterrence. General deterrence is aimed at having an impact on more people and not just the offender Lab ()

The punishment that one person is given will hopefully be an example to other potential law violators. The main aim of general deterrence is preventing a criminal act in advance, and this fits well in primary crime prevention. Specific deterrence aims at ensuring that an offender does not commit a crime in the future. Using punishment as an experience would ensure that an offender is deterred from performing…. [read more]

Type II Diabetes Prevention in the Adult Population Research Proposal

… Type II Diabetes Prevention

While modern lifestyles and medical care have certainly improved the longevity of humans in the developed world, and contributed to a greater quality of life scenario, those same lifestyles have engendered a number of issues that contribute to disease. Lack of proper diet, fast food, high fat and carbohydrate diets without adequate fruits and vegetables, lack of exercise, smoking and alcohol contribute to an epidemic of obesity which, in turn, contributes to a serious metabolic disorder called Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. While not managed by insulin injections, it is nevertheless quite serious and has a number of progressing symptoms that, if not treated properly, can result in cardiovascular, renal and neurological problems, as well as amputation, ocular issues, and even cognitive…. [read more]

Policy and Practice in Social Service Organizations Agency Descriptions Agency Change Term Paper

… Policy and Practice in social service organizations/Agency descriptions/Agency Change

This is an analysis of the social service organization -- Alternatives to Domestic Violence, P.O. Box 910, Riverside, CA 92502. This organization suits this investigation and its mission statement and activities can be studied as a model for the management of the social service organization and the changes and functional disparities that are found in such organizations that need be corrected. A sample study of this organization therefore will point out the commonalities for all these types of organization and combined with the other researcher's findings on these types of organizations it is possible to postulate a hypothesis about the efficacy of the current practices adopted and the future as it ought to be.

§ Name…. [read more]

Public Policy Alternatives to Improve the Nation's Prison Overcrowding Dilemma Term Paper

… Public Policy Alternatives to Improve the Nation's Prison Overcrowding Dilemma

There are more individuals per capita incarcerated in the United States than in any comparative democracy that is an industrialized nation anywhere in the world. The sentences imposed on offenders in the U.S. are longer and the U.S. is one of the last nations on earth to practice capital punishment or what is commonly known as "the death penalty." Increasingly individuals are being locked up male and female and both adult and child. Collateral impacts from incarcerations of this enormity are costly to society both in monetary as well as in social terms. The findings of this study are simply that there exists alternative measures of punishment that are more cost efficient and more conducive…. [read more]

Arise Gang Prevention Program Thesis

… ¶ … Gang Prevention Program

"Gangs contain bright boys who do well, bright boys who do less well, and dull boys who pass, dull boys who fail, and illiterates"

(Garabedian & . Gibbons, 2005, p. 26).

In regard to gangs, one never knows what may happen. In the article, "Gang grief: violence wounds teens and communities," Melissa Klein (2009) reports that Chantelle S., a 15-year-old from New York City relates that at times, students become fearful of what may happen when fights break out between rival groups in her high school. These fight lead to lockdowns with increased security in the school. Chantelle said: "It's kind of scary because you never know what can happen" (Chantelle, as cited in Klein, ¶ 1). During this paper,…. [read more]

Existential Counseling Case Study

… I conclude that at this point Michelle is keener to pursue her career, so if she will be distracted forcefully to go through the family way the result is going to be an ultimate disaster. Michelle in my opinion should be given time to think over the facts and at the same time to plan out things with Dave.

The Justification of the Counselor's Advices

My advice to Michelle can be justified on the basis of the existential perspective. Because the therapeutic approach to the existential counseling is of the idea that an expert should understand the values, the assumptions, and the ideals of the patient. In the case discussed Michelle has an ideal publishing career in mind and she assumes that having a child…. [read more]

Multi-Level, Multi-Sector, School-Based Obesity Prevention Programming Improves Research Paper

… ¶ … Multi-level, Multi-sector, School-based Obesity Prevention Programming Improves Weight, Blood Pressure, and Academic Performance, Especially among Low-Income, Minority Children

This research project conducted by Hollar et. al (2010) assesses the effectiveness of multiple interventions in addressing childhood onset obesity. The authors describe the project, Healthier Options for Public School Children/Organ Wise Guys (HOPS/OWG), as a quasi-experimental pilot study as being designed to keep children at normal, healthy weight, and improve health status and academic performance. The study involved five elementary schools in Florida, four intervention schools and one control school, and 3,769 subjects. It was conducted over a two-year period from 2004 to 2006.

The HOPS/OWG interventions included (1) modified dietary offering, (2) nutritional / lifestyle education, (3) a physical activity component, and wellness…. [read more]

Ethnic Social Groups Essay

… What is necessary is concrete research that identifies the African-American identity as a whole, rather than just discrimination.

The legal system by many African-Americans is considered biased against blacks. Racial profiling and arrest rates are higher than any other ethnic groups in the United States. In recent years media has also focused its attention on the nationwide practice of racial profiling by the law enforcement agencies. For example, on a highway in Maryland, only 20% of the drivers were African-American, yet they rounded up to about 77% of the drivers who were stopped and searched (Harris, 2000, p. 262).

The governor of New Jersey admitted that the police officers in his state were practicing racial profiling (Harris, 2000, p. 262). African-American at some level or…. [read more]

Obesity in Los Angeles County Essay

… Note the similarity in percentages between those with no High School and those at or below the federal poverty level. Also note the decrease in obesity rates as education and income increase (Los Angeles County Public Health, 2003). Further, when we track populations over time based on ethnicity, we do see that obesity is rising across the board, but at a more rapid rate for latino and African-American populations than for Whites or asians. This trend is particularly alarming for the African-American community, with an almost 10 point jump in just 5 years (Office of Health Assessment).

Community Resources

Clearly there is an obesity problem in Los Angeles County. The overall conclusions as to the reasons are very similar to that of other communities, particularly…. [read more]

Counseling Theories Thesis

… Substance Abuse

Counseling Theories

Substance abuse: Reality therapy and other alternative therapeutic strategies

Substance abuse: Overview

"This is your brain. This is your brain on drugs." "Don't drink and drive." The slogans are familiar, yet these Madison Avenue buzzwords have not eradicated the problem of substance abuse in American society -- or the problem of substance abuse around the world. Drug abuse is defined as using substances in a way to "produce some form of intoxication that alters judgment, perception, attention, or physical control" over an individual's faculties (Substance abuse, 2009, E-medicine). When an individual has become addicted, he or she will experience withdrawal symptoms upon the removal of the substance. "Withdrawal can range from mild anxiety to seizures and hallucinations. Drug overdose may also…. [read more]

Preventing Dropouts Among Minority Middle Term Paper

… Apparent changes in self-esteem developed over the eight-week period.

Daisey & Jose-Kampfner (2002) report that the dropout rate is currently increasing for Latinos. This results from students feeling discouragement, which they attribute to teacher stereotyping, low expectations, and tracking. Latinos face special social and cultural pressures that prompt many students, especially girls, to leave school during the middle school years. Confusion also comes from mixed messages from home and school, with often competing values about career, marriage, and motherhood (Canedy, 2001). Studies (Banfield, Johnson, Thomas, & Thieroff, 2002) have also identified the following reasons for Latino dropouts: stereotyping of new students and a lack of self-confidence.

Martin, Tobin, and Sugai (2002) found research that identified the top ten reasons that students dropped out of schools…. [read more]

Are School-Based Anti-Bullying Programs Decreasing the Rate of Victimization? Thesis

… School-Based Bullying

Prevention Programs

The problem regarding how schools may best make their environments physically and emotionally safe leads to the question: Does a school-based program decrease victimization? This leading question guiding the literature review addresses a critical concern challenging school officials and others interested in helping to ensure the safety and emotional well-being of youth. Determining what works best to confront violence and students being victimized, are interventions that help the child become stronger within himself. The program Olweus developed, which a number of school officials base their school-wide anti-bullying programs, on depicts an excellent example of one effective approach to counter bullying, victimization and violence.

During the study's literature review which examines the primary research question: Does a school-based program decrease victimization?, the…. [read more]

Community Nursing the Service Learning Research Paper

… Problems associated with validity are usually increased in survey designs because they evaluate subject's values as well as beliefs (Bouma, 2004). Contemplating, the aims and outcomes of this research, Yin (2008) argues that it must be practicable to streamline case studies towards hypothetical propositions. Nevertheless, this ought to not extend to incorporate communities as well as the aims of the study should be to relate and structure theories and not to evaluate frequencies. On the other hand, this researcher feels that social sciences lacks fixed specifications and there are a number of factors which might influence the outcomes of the study and because of this it really is unrealistic to guarantee that future scientific studies on this particular problem will produce exactly the same outcomes.…. [read more]

Incarcerated Mentally Ill Patients Research Paper

… Because it remains so prevalent, suicide prevention is usually addressed as a separate issue for prison officials, outside the realm of the mentally ill. However, it is also a clear issue with the mentally ill that requires a written and well documented training program for all staff members, training on intervention, and adequate monitoring and housing after the incident. Most agree that the single most effective way of preventing suicide is to have a robust screening program and training for signs and signals (World Health Organization, 2007).

Treatment of Women Offenders -- The characteristics of women offenders differ from that of men to the point where even if we acknowledge there are inadequate resources in total, both substance abuse and mental illness occur at a…. [read more]

Program Evaluation of a Proposed Violence Prevention Case Study

… ¶ … Program Evaluation of a Proposed Violence Prevention Program

High school seniors are more likely to take weapons to school than to take calculus in school. - President George Bush, 1997

Targeted promotion and prevention issues.

Students who enroll in biology quickly realize that the world is not a sterile place, but no classroom is required at all to introduce them to the high incidence of violence in the nation's schools today. Indeed, many students encounter violence at home, in their schools, as well as in their places of recreation, and some become victims of such abusive behaviors early on in their lives. These episodes of violence may well affect many of these young people for the rest of their lives in adverse ways,…. [read more]

Black's Law Dictionary ), Child Abuse Essay

… ¶ … Black's Law Dictionary (1991), child abuse is "any form of cruelty to a child's physical, moral or mental well-being. Also used to describe form of sexual attack which may or may not amount to rape. Such acts are criminal offenses in most states" (p. 239). By contrast, the legal definition of abused and neglected children describes children who "are suffering serious physical or emotional injury inflicted upon them including malnutrition" (p. 11). The first step in providing social service treatment to physically abusive families is therefore to ensure the physical safety of the children involved (Herschell & McNeil, 2005). This response, typically from the law enforcement community, can range along the entire continuum of severity, up to and including incarceration of the offending…. [read more]

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Special Education Case Study

… The alcohol essentially malforms brain cells and/or hinders the full development. FAS is one of the leading causes of retardation in western societies:

Mental retardation is a cardinal feature of FAS and is now recognized as the leading known cause of mental retardation in the Western world. Conservatively estimated for the United States, the economic cost associated with FAS-related growth retardation, surgical repair of organic anomalies (e.g. cleft palate, Tetralogy of Fallot), treatment of sensorineural problems, and mental retardation, is $321 million per year. FAS-related mental retardation alone may account for as much as 11% of the annual cost for all mentally retarded institutionalized residents in the United States. Current treatment costs for FAS-related problems are about 100 times federal funding for FAS research necessary…. [read more]

Psychotherapy Theories and Practice Essay

… One of the more common uses of counseling is to address depression in both children and adults. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIH), mental disorders are common in the United States and internationally at an estimated rate of 26.2% of Americans ages 18 and older -- about one in four adults -- suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year (NIH, N.d.). There are a multitude of different methods and techniques that are used to treat depression. The most common methods in most advanced countries include psychotherapy, counseling and medication or some combination of the three. The rates of depression among the population have expanded quite rapidly in the last couple of decades; especially in industrialized countries. The lifetime risk…. [read more]

Suicide Rates Research Paper

… , 2000.

This strategy is often effective since it promotes public awareness of suicide and encourages individuals to commit to social change.

There is also need to monitor emotional difficulties in this vulnerable group. Emotions such as stress and depression are precedents of suicide. Therefore there is need to encourage and counsel these individuals in order to prevent suicides. This strategy is often effective since it involves recognizing and reducing the factors that increase risk of suicide. It also fosters positive communication and dialogue and counters shame and prejudice which comes from stressful or depressing events Jr., 1999()

Another strategy that is often effective in preventing suicide is promoting policy, systems and environmental changes that facilitate suicide prevention Flavin & Radcliff, 2009.

These include increased…. [read more]

Framwork for Practise and Presentation Term Paper

… They have nine elements in their treatment model. The first is the "Detailed Assessment Interview." In this process the rehabilitation counselor identifies unique problematic cognitive themes. The second important element presented in the model is "Rationale for treatment." This element describes that cognitive therapy is used to ensure that the individual (client) understands the presence of rationale. "Some form of exposure leading to confrontation with a feared object is an effective form of treatment for anxiety and an essential aspect for the corrective emotional processing of pathological reduce pathological fear, the fear structure must be activated through some form of exposure" (Antonio & Resko 2008).

Every human group consists of members that have some beliefs. In this way every human group has its own…. [read more]

Gang Prevention Term Paper

… ¶ … Stanley "Tookie" Williams' Gang Prevention Books on Pre-Adolescent Boys

One of the biggest problems facing American society today is gang violence committed by youthful offenders. Furthermore, studies have shown time and again that such activity remains on the increase, and even small towns, communities and suburbs in the United States are being affected by gang activity. The implications of this persistent presence of violence in American society has had a profound effect on the nation's youth as well, with many young people being drawn to this lifestyle as the only perceived viable career path available to them, while others may be attracted by the glamorized "gangsta" lifestyle popularized in today's music. Young people may commit acts of violence in an effort to emulate…. [read more]

Mental Health Problems Form Essay

… The therapist theory has been used widely for interventions as it provides the basis and tools for therapy for mentally ill patients in various population groups Cattan & Tilford, 2009()


Mental illness is a serious and major source of diseases burden in developed countries. Mental health interventions should be customized to respective population groups to improve the well-being of the patients. For effective mental health promotion, prevention and treatment the proposed intervention measures should be adhered to in long-term basis. Mental illness intervention strategies should focus both on prevention and on promotion, as they are major factor in the reduction of mental illness burden in adults.


Cattan, M., & Tilford, S. (2009). Mental Health Promotion: A lifespan approach. New York: McGraw-Hill International.

CDC.…. [read more]

Threats of Violence in Counseling Term Paper

… However, making this mandatory can have legal implications, and certainly making mandatory sessions with a psychotherapist a condition of continued attendance at the school can backfire. Administrators and school counselors need to work together to create a supportive school environment that fosters communication between students, teachers, and counselors, so that potential problems can be identified early and addressed while there is time to avoid damage to the student, his or her peers, or school property. Based on the findings that "there is insufficient evidence to recommend for or against clinician counseling of asymptomatic adolescents and adults to prevent morbidity and mortality from youth violence" (Counseling to Prevent Youth Violence 2004), it can be assumed that students will not have an undesirable reaction from continued counseling…. [read more]

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