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Hamlet William Shakespeare's the Tragedy Essay

… Hamlet

William Shakespeare's the Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark: The Role of King Claudius within the Drama

William Shakespeare (believed to have lived between 1564 and 1616) is without any doubt one of the most important figures in international literature. Within Great Britain, he is the most reputable writer and throughout the world, he is recognized as the greatest dramatist. Much controversy has been raised by the author of Much Ado about Nothing, a Midsummer Night's Dream, Romeo and Juliet or others, revolving primarily around the authenticity of the writings, in the meaning of their provenience and the actual writer. The debate has not yet been settled, but what it has done, was to have increased the popularity of the author and his work,…. [read more]

Hamlet Has More to Gain by Delaying Rather Than to Revenge Claudius Term Paper

… Hamlet

Why Shakespeare's Title Character Hamlet is Wise to Wait to Kill Claudius truism about Shakespeare's title character in perhaps his greatest play Hamlet is Prince Hamlet's perceived "tragic flaw" of waiting much too long to avenge his father's death by not killing Claudius; the main architect of the King's premeditated murder, sooner than he does. Despite the fact that Hamlet comes to a bad end his waiting to kill Claudius allows him to at least die with the clarity that he has not just uncovered the mystery of his father's death but discovered, also, the root causes of Denmark's "rottenness" (Reed; McCullen). Hamlet dies trying to put things right, finally destroying what he knows is the main source of that rottenness, Claudius, and with…. [read more]

Hamlet's Indecisiveness in Shakespeare Research Paper

… Hamlet's Indecisiveness In Shakespeare's Hamlet

In the English language, William Shakespeare is one of the greatest playwrights having produced up to 37 plays during his life time with classifications under comedy, tragedy or history. Shakespeare's greatest and most popular tragedy is Hamlet which shows his playwright genius as an unusual number of literary techniques and themes have been found by the scholars and critics alike. Hamlet is about the king of Denmark murder and the quest for revenge by his son who unfortunately is also murdered. Hamlet who is the main character in the play has a flaw that turns out to be tragic to him. This tragic flaw hinders his desired revenge and eventually leads to his death. He is made a tragic hero…. [read more]

Hamlets Emotion Thesis

… Hamlet's Emotional State

The Oxford American Dictionary defines an emotion as "a natural instinctive state of mind deriving from one's circumstances" (Oxford). Throughout Shakespeare's Hamlet, the prince of the title experiences many different emotions, among them depression, melancholy disillusionment, and disconnectedness, as he attempts to come to terms with his father's death and his mother's incestuous and illicit marriage. Though some, notably T.S. Elliot in "Hamlet and His Problems," have charged that Hamlet's emotional state is not justified by his circumstances, an objective examination of the text provides evidence that says otherwise (Elliot). In fact, Hamlet's emotional state is not only justified, but is much more essential to the events of Shakespeare's tragic masterpiece than his intellect or any other dramatic element. The extreme circumstances…. [read more]

Hamlet Term Paper

… Tragically enough, his deepest relation at this point is with his father's spirit.

The frail condition of a human being and of any individual in the world is perhaps best exposed in the final duel scene. In Laertes's words, after Hamlet is struck with the poisoned sword, "no medicine in the world can do thee good" (Act V, Scene II) - the destiny has spoken and Hamlet must die, against this there is no worldly response. Hamlet himself recognizes the frail nature of man in the world, by referring to important figures of history who have had to face their destiny and who eventually, like all mortals, faced death itself: "Alexander died, Alexander was buried, Alexander returneth into dust; the dust is earth" (Act V,…. [read more]

Hamlet and Revenge Term Paper

… From this perspective justice had to have been served. For this, Hamlet was a hero and Shakespeare raises him to this level.

But even that exaltation is really empty. Hamlet does not escape. Shakespeare informs us easily that forgiveness is a virtue, revenge is not. Those who react with rage and vengeance are brought down -- as happened with Hamlet and Laertes. Consider this, if Laertes had been forgiving of Hamlet when he admitted his mistake of killing Polonius, both of them would have survived. Eventually Shakespeare rewards Fortinbras with the kingdom of Denmark. Fortinbras was also vengeful but he kept his rage in check and does not act on it as Hamlet does.


Kyd, Thomas, & Bevington, David M. (1996). The Spanish tragedy.…. [read more]

Hamlet Soliloquies Act I, Scene Essay

… In this particular scene, Claudius plots with Pollonius over eavesdropping on Hamlet and Queen Gertrude. Just as Pollonius leaves, King Claudius is left alone to ruminate over his past actions. The soliloquy Claudius shows many facets to this plotting king, who just so recently overthrew his own brother for his ambitions. Alone, Claudius frees himself up for prayer, an act that does save his life for the time being.

Claudius's character is multi-faceted in this scene. He feels somewhat guilty for the sins he has committed and laments over the great amount that must be washed from his hands. He worries over how much "God's mercy" will help him when he dies. He begs to the heavens to help him in his crimes, showing his…. [read more]

Hamlet ACT3 SENE3 Machiavelli Chapter Essay

… Hamlet may have been an able scholar but unlike Fortinbras, when called upon to be an avenger of his father, he cannot meet the challenge, at least in Machiavelli's view. Despite Hamlet's intelligence and articulateness, his actions actually result in the takeover of Denmark by Fortinbras, an entirely unintentional result. "For my part I consider that it is better to be adventurous than cautious, because fortune is a woman, and if you wish to keep her under it is necessary to beat and ill-use her; and it is seen that she allows herself to be mastered by the adventurous rather than by those who go to work more coldly." (Machiavelli 25). Machiavelli would see the end of Hamlet proving that Fortinbras was the most cunning…. [read more]

Freud and Hamlet Essay

… The prince just gives vague excuses for his delay. Freud wrote in his book The Interpretation of Dreams:

They play is built up on Hamlet's hesitations over fulfilling the task of revenge that is assigned to him; but its text offers no reasons or motives for these hesitations and an immense variety of attempts at interpreting them have failed to produce a result. According to the view which was originated by Goethe and is still the prevailing one today, Hamlet represents the type of man whose power of direct action is paralyzed by an excessive development of his intellect (298).

Since Hamlet is aware that something is off about his relationship with his mother, and by extension things that are wrong with the relationships with…. [read more]

Hamlet Prince of Denmark Term Paper

… Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

Three vengeful sons: Hamlet, Fortinbras, and Laertes

Hamlet is a play driven by the question of how to revenge the death of the protagonist's father. It begins upon the battlements, which are apparently haunted by the ghost of the recently deceased king, Old Hamlet's. The ghost's reasons for remaining upon the earth, rather than residing in heaven become clear when he is given an opportunity to explain to his son the manner of his demise. Old Hamlet's brother Claudius, the current King of Denmark happened upon Old Hamlet while his brother was napping in an orchard, and poured poison in his ear. The king was murdered without the ability to make a full confession and is doomed to walk the earth…. [read more]

Hamlet and the Renaissance Term Paper

… Hamlet and the Renaissance: Do you think that his desperate view of man might render him unable to act?

Hamlet, even before he is haunted by his dead father's ghost, seems revolted by humanity in the early scenes of Shakespeare's tragedy. Hamlet has already begun to suspect his stepfather Claudius of something evil, and is angry at his mother for remarrying so quickly, even though the rest of the Danish court does not seem equally upset at what only Hamlet considers an incestuous marriage. Later, when confronted with a visit from his old school friends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Hamlet parodies the conventional Renaissance ideal of the noble workings of the human form, calling humanity a quintessence of dust. Even if he once believed that humanity…. [read more]

Oedipus Complex in Shakespeare's Hamlet Research Paper

… Yet, the trauma onsets his oedipal complex, of which he is unaware.

"There is also the possibility that Oedipal feelings that have seemingly been overcome resurface later in life, usually as the result of the death of a parent or a similar traumatic experience. This [ ... ] is Hamlet's situation. His father's death and his mother's marriage to his uncle have stirred up his repressed Oedipus complex, generating a conflict between his conscious social wishes and his unconscious antisocial, Oedipal wishes; a conflict of which Hamlet is only vaguely aware, but which determines all his actions" (De Berg, 2003) .

Then, at the level of his mother's marriage, Hamlet is severely dissatisfied with her union with Claudius. At an initial level, this displease could…. [read more]

Hamlet Laertes, Ophelia, 'Modernity' and the "Self"-Evident Term Paper

… Hamlet

Laertes, Ophelia, 'Modernity' and the "Self"-Evident within Shakespeare's Hamlet

I am thy father's spirit;

Doomed for a certain term to walk the night,

And for the day confined to fast in fires,

Till the foul crimes done in my days of nature

Are burnt and purged away. (William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark Act 1, Scene 5, lines 9-13).

These five lines from the play Hamlet, Prince of Denmark's initial act that serve to both compel and perpetuate the play's main action, i.e., that of Hamlet's avenging (or at least thinking about avenging) his father's murder, are, arguably also applicable, albeit much differently so, to two of the play's other important characters, the siblings Laertes and Ophelia, Polonius's children. In Shakespeare's play Hamlet, the…. [read more]

Hamlet Shakespeare as Political Critic Term Paper

… Hamlet

Shakespeare as Political Critic: Hamlet and the Rule of One"

Treachery, intrigue, ambition and lust all emotions and situations the modern world is intimately aware of, yet universal in their historical control over humankind. Unresolved grief for many is the cornerstone of madness, the death, or subversion of reason as the monitor of emotion the biggest fear within Shakespeare's Hamlet, within the play itself and within the character of Hamlet.

Levy 83) Stricken by the universal outgrowth of treachery, intrigue, ambition and lust Hamlet struggles to regain control over his emotions. Hamlet wavers between the rational and the emotional, with only marginal ability to control either and within his struggle lays the fate of a nation.

Hamlet, as a literary work, is clearly an…. [read more]

Hamlet and Dr. Faustus Term Paper

… Hamlet and Dr. Faustus: Questioning Morality of the Supernatural

Both William Shakespeare's "Tragedy of Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark," and Christopher Marlowe's play "Dr. Faustus" are Elizabethan dramas that feature protagonists grappling with profound ethical issues address the limits of human life and power. "Hamlet" addresses the question of when and if it is moral for a man to take revenge, while "Dr. Faustus" deals with the question of how much power and knowledge human beings should be allowed to have in relation to God. Both plays introduce supernatural elements on stage to heighten the questions posed by these dilemmas, although "Hamlet" never entirely draws the drama to a conclusion that fully resolves the morality of the protagonist obeying the request of his father's ghost…. [read more]

Universal Truth in Hamlet Term Paper

… The misogyny and negative attitude towards people would go onto make him more depressed and upset about his situation. This melancholy is further aroused and confirmed when Ophelia sides with the king and returns the letter that Hamlet had written for her. (Walker 79)

Another idea that is present and possibly is a major reason for Hamlet's hatred towards women is the fact that his own mother has fallen for his uncle. Hamlet might be seen as a negative person because at parts in the play even the audience would feel good feelings for Claudius seeing how sorry he is and his true feelings for Gertrude. (De-Yan) Hamlet is truly shattered when he learns the news of his own mother going for is uncle after…. [read more]

Hamlet by William Shakespeare Term Paper

… Laertes' character becomes essential in the last act of the play, since this is the moment where Hamlet realizes that he must take action at once to revenge his father (University of Toronto 2003). By saying that everything is Claudius' fault, Hamlet kills Claudius immediately. Claudius' death results to an exchange of forgiveness between Laertes and Hamlet, absolving them from all ill feelings they have for each other: "Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet / Mine and my father's death come not upon thee / Nor thine on me."

Despite their similarities, a closer study of the three characters' attitudes and relationships with their fathers will reveal several differences that set them apart from each other. Take as an example the temperaments of each character…. [read more]

Hamlet Comparison Essay

… The costumes are black, as are the backgrounds and the scenery. This is reflected in the "to be or not to be" soliloquy which the director chooses to set in a mausoleum adding to the dark attitude and underscoring bleakness of the speech. However, instead of thinking to himself but speaking aloud as is in the context of the play, Mel Gibson's Hamlet seems to be speaking to the dead, particularly as the graves are designed with human appearances. He is speaking to the dead rather than reflecting on his current situation. Much of the play centers on the conflict between sanity and insanity and one of the major questions is whether Hamlet is indeed pretending to be crazy or if he has actually gone…. [read more]

Hamlet's First Soliloquy Reveals the Danish Prince Term Paper

… Hamlet's first soliloquy reveals the Danish Prince's morbid, suicidal and self-destructive tendencies, even before he caught a glimpse of his father's ghost. Admonishing his uncle and his mother for marrying too soon after his father's death, Hamlet also expresses self-loathing for not having been more Herculean, and thus able to prevent the wedding. Hamlet is therefore disturbed equally by his own impotence as well as by what he perceives as his mother's betrayal of his father. Moreover, Hamlet resents his uncle for trying to fill the noble shoes of the former King but feels completely powerless, unable to even open his mouth.

Suicidal thoughts characterize the opening lines of Hamlet's first soliloquy: "Or that the Everlasting had not fix'd / His canon 'gainst self-slaughter!" Hamlet…. [read more]

Hamlet as Hero and Joker Essay

… He advises Gertrude several times that she should "get thee to a nunnery," even though such a role would definitely have been comically out of character for her, and he calls Polonius in "fishmonger" with a face like a "weak ham," as well as "weasel," all of which are most certainly in character. He also warns Rosencrantz that he is only a sponge soaking up rewards and favors from the king and "when he needs what you have gleaned, it is but squeezing you, and, sponge, you shall be dry again." In reality, Hamlet's humor also showed a very keen intelligence, and all of the others would have done well to take it seriously.

2) Write a short essay (3-4 paragraphs) discussing the new kind…. [read more]

Hamlet's Ghost Term Paper

… Sister Miriam thus places herself in agreement with the early critics of Hamlet who saw nothing unCatholic or unchristian about the Ghost's request for justice. Modern critics however view the request as one of blood -- incompatible with the Protestant notion of a saved soul.

Yet, there are characters in the play who respond to the Ghost like Catholic men: Marcellus and Barnardo, for instance, who open the play, "exhibit the traditional Catholic view…that a soul might come to earth from purgatory" (Sister Miriam "Discerning" 493). Meanwhile, others in the play offer Protestant views: "Horatio displays the skeptical attitude of Reginal Scot (1584), who flatly denies that spirits can assume material form and thereby appear to men" (493). Hamlet, therefore, is caught in between these…. [read more]

Hamlet the Psychology of Inaction: Interactions Research Paper

… Hamlet

The Psychology of Inaction: Interactions with the Prince of Denmark in Shakespeare's Hamlet

Though William Shakespeare was writing his masterful histories, comedies, and tragedies long before the science of psychology had begun to develop in any formalized and purposeful way, there is a great deal of psychological depth and even conscious analysis at work in many of the Bard's texts that makes for very interesting psychological fodder for modern minds. In Hamlet, much of the play's action is actually driven by the main character's inaction; it is Hamlet's lack of ability to make decisive decisions that lets much of the action take place, and even many of the actions that Hamlet does take seem to place him in a role of reduced responsibility, calling…. [read more]

Hamlet Research it Is Doubtful That William Research Paper

… Hamlet Research

It is doubtful that William Shakespeare had any idea when he began writing his play, Hamlet, (Shakespeare) of the far reaching and varied effect that his words and characters would have. Perhaps no play in history has been analyzed more thoroughly and had more impact on popular culture and philosophical thought. (Collier & Sons)

The setting for Hamlet is the kingdom of Denmark. Whether Shakespeare actually intended it to be the actual kingdom of Denmark or some mythical location is uncertain and really matters very little to the value of the story or to the character development. Nothing tin story is dependent on the setting. There is some evidence that the prevailing battle between the doctrines of Catholicism and the emerging Protestant theology…. [read more]

Hamlet Many Consider Shakespeare Term Paper

… The scenes are interchangeably diversified with happiness and sadness: the happiness includes judicious and instructive observations, and the sadness or "solemnity not strained by poetical violence above the natural sentiments of man" (Johnson pp). One example is found in Claudius' speech "Have we, as 'twere with a defeated joy, With an auspicious and a dropping eye, With mirth in funeral and with dirge in marriage" (Shakespeare I ii).

New characters appear in continual succession, demonstrating various forms of life and particular modes of conversation (Johnson pp). Johnson remarks that Hamlet's 'pretend madness' causes much mirth, while the mournful distraction of Ophelia fills the heart with tenderness (Johnson pp). Moreover, every character produces the effect intended, from the "apparition that in the first act chills the…. [read more]

Hamlet Ghost Research Paper

… Hamlet - Ghost

Besides the ghost of Hamlet's father, few characters in Shakespeare have such a great impact on the plot and so few lines spoken. Since Hamlet is so problematic in structure, and the ghost is so sparse in words, one large problem is left to the audience: do we believe in ghosts? If we heard through supernatural means that a worldly injustice can be solved, would we follow through with it? What if the ghost were at odds with God? Whether the ghost's "intentions wicked or charitable,"

Hamlet senses duty, and is dedicated to speaking with the ghost. The tragedy of the play is not merely in the melancholy opening of the play, but in the final failure of Hamlet to escape the…. [read more]

Hamlet: A Theatre Review in the Month Term Paper

… Hamlet: A Theatre Review

In the month of March 2008, the Redlands Regional Players put on a production of William Shakespeare's classic play, Hamlet. Hamlet is widely considered to be one of the greatest literary works of the English language. It is what Goethe's Faust is to the German language, or Cervantes's Don Quixote to the Spanish language. As such, whenever a theatre group dares to put on a performance of Hamlet, they are taking quite a big risk, and the consequences can be grave. The Redlands Regional Players' production took even a bigger risk by deciding to place Hamlet in a modern day context. Thanks to some fine performances, however, the theatre group managed to pull it off, reminding us that Shakespeare's classic play…. [read more]

Hamlet Frailty Thy Name Is Woman Term Paper

… Hamlet

Frailty thy name is woman.": a contrast of the female characters in "Hamlet" as portrayed in two 20th century film productions

Oh rose of May." The address of Laertes to his mad sister Ophelia in Act 4, Scene 5 of Shakespeare's tragedy of "Hamlet" seems fitting in the decorous, controlled, and beautiful madness of the girl in Lawrence Oliver's 1948 dramatization of the play. However, Kenneth Branagh's 1996 film version attempts to make Ophelia's insanity realistic and in keeping with the Victorian setting. Winslet's straightjacket makes Laertes' comment seems desperate and ironic. Ophelia's raving is particularly gripping, given Kate Winslet's previously controlled and intelligent presentation of the young woman. This stark contrast of demeanor of both Ophelias during their pinnacle moments of emotional descent…. [read more]

Hamlet's Language Hamlet Is a Very Complex Research Proposal

… Hamlet's Language

Hamlet is a very complex play with many layers. The tile character often speaks his mind to the audience, but a lot about his character can be gleaned simply from the language he speaks, without even going to the collective meaning of the words he says. Throughout the play, Hamlet's language is negative and hesitant, much like the brooding and indecisive Prince of Denmark himself.

It doesn't take long for this fact to make itself evident. In Act I, scene 2, Hamlet's first with the King and his mother the Queen, his first speech of any length contains nine "nay's, "no's, "not's, and "nor's (I, ii, 76-81). His tone here is anything but uncertain as he describes himself; he seems very certain, but…. [read more]

Hamlet and Don Quixote Term Paper

… Thus, the world of chivalry and romance, and virtue becomes his reality.

Hamlet, on the other hand, is a much darker figure. The Renaissance qualities he possesses are those of introspection and a youthful romantic outlook on life. Hamlet is very adolescent, and his madness is based more in depression and the immaturity to handle the harsh realities of life. He too, like Don Quixote, has crossed the line of sanity, and has become obsessed with romantic ideals. However, Hamlet is far more enigmatic. He is deeply philosophical and contemplative, and becomes obsessed with death, such as when he traces the skull's mouth, saying, "Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not oft" (Shakespeare Vi). One of the most famous lines in…. [read more]

Compare 2 Plays Essay

… Hamlet; Dr. Faustus

Most human beings consider themselves as moral according the norms and values of the societies and communities within which they live. Being moral, these human beings also generally operate according to these sets of principles, because it is the "right thing to do." The "right thing" is however not always easy to do or indeed to identify in the first place. In the case of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark by William Shakespeare, for example, Hamlet struggles to identify the right thing to do because of the many uncertainty factors. He is uncertain whether the specter he saw was in fact his father's ghost, and if so whether the ghost is confused regarding his own death. The title character in Dr. Faustus by…. [read more]

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