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Health Care Systems of Alabama and Colorado Term Paper

… Cardiovascular and cancer linked deaths in Alabama are among the highest in all U.S. states and the air pollution reported at "15.4 micrograms of fine particulate per cubic meter" is very high compared to the U.S. average. ((, 2014, p. 1)

II. Colorado

It is reported that approximately "84 of every 100 Colorado residents have some sort of Health Insurance Coverage. This means that 16 out of 100 residents are currently uninsured within the state. This number, when compared with the nation's average is high and needs to be lowered down by the state's Division of Insurance. Over half of employers within the state offer some sort of Health Benefit plan to their employees, and recent studies show that about ae of their workers take…. [read more]

Health Care Drivers for Increased Medicaid Funding Research Paper

… Health Care Drivers for increased Medicaid funding: A study in the United States.

The Per capita health care spending has increased to about 2,814 in 1990 to more than $7,000 today. With such increased amounts, it is obvious that everyone in America would not be able to afford such so much. This led to the creation and the need for a program like Medicaid. Medicaid is basically a national health insurance program for people with low income. In the year 2000, about 42.7 million people received Medicaid. (Einhorn 25) This shows that Medicaid itself was a program that was a crucial factor in the medical necessities of a lot of people. The demand for health care is still expected to increase thus making an even…. [read more]

State Children's Health Insurance Plan Term Paper

… ¶ … Children's Health Insurance Plans

Regardless of one's political affiliation, it is hard to deny the fact that America is currently experiencing a tremendous healthcare crisis. Many Americans simply cannot afford private health insurance even when they have access to reduced-cost benefits through employers, and a growing number of employers are choosing not to offer health insurance benefits, at all, because of the exorbitant costs. For those who can obtain insurance through their employers, the costs can be prohibitive and the insurance provided may not provide significant everyday healthcare savings, even if it can make a dramatic difference in cases of serious illness or medical emergencies. This health crisis impacts the working lower class and the true middle class disproportionately because they oftentimes make…. [read more]

Fault: An Alternative Term Paper

… "

The largest cluster of incidents (216 or 55%) occurred in NHS hospitals. The second largest group (99 or 25%) could be ascribed to General Practitioners. Of the incidents reported:

55% claimed the effect was emotional, minor or temporary in nature

28% reported a temporary or permanent major disability

30% claimed the event had a permanent impact on their health

35% reported to have taken at least one month out of work due to the event

25% reported missing at least one year of work because of the event

Perhaps most notable were the answers to the question: "What response would be most appropriate to the event that occurred?" The majority, or 34% of those surveyed felt that an apology or an explanation was appropriate.…. [read more]

Advanced Practice Nurses and Prescriptive Term Paper

… Political issues involving physicians, in general, also pose significant issues for the modern Nurse Practitioner. The dramatic increase in Nurse Practitioners has given rise to questions about their impact on the incomes of other health providers, including physicians. Researchers have found that in areas with greater numbers of nurse practitioners, nurse practitioner incomes are higher while the incomes of physicians in the same geographic areas are decreased (Perry, 2009, p. 509). Perhaps partially due to the economic impact of Nurse Practitioners on physicians, Nurse Practitioners face physician resistance to their quest for full practice and prescriptive authority. As Carla Mills points out, physicians "express concerns that unsupervised NPs will misdiagnose, miss less obvious and potentially life-threatening problems, and make prescribing errors. They state that NPs…. [read more]

Naloxone Prescription Education and Application Research Proposal

… Some of the approaches include standing orders in which pharmacists have the leeway to offer the drug under the order of prescriber, collaborative agreements by pharmacists; in which pharmacists have the permission to manage the medication on behalf of the prescribing agent and other requirements of regulation (Green et al., 2015). More laws with the objective of reducing the number of death incidents resulting from the overdose of opioid have been formulated. Moreover, the privilege and trusted access to individuals who use drugs offered through the programs is essential as the epidemic of opioid is increasingly dominated by access to illicit opioid as opposed to prescribed opioids.Young adults between the ages of 18 and 25 are the age group with the highest number of illicit…. [read more]

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Oral Health Care Services Access Research Proposal

… Improving Access to Oral Health Care in Westside, Jersey City

Why oral health care for low-income residents of Westside in Jersey City is an important topic

The timely provision of oral health care is an important part of keeping people healthy. Oral health constitutes an important part of general health. For instance, the U.S. Surgeon General's report on oral health emphasizes that oral health represents an essential element of health that must be included in the provision of other health care services (Ravaghi & Quinonez, 2013). According to these researchers, though, "Despite this, there are differences in provision of general and oral health care in many developed countries" including the United States (Ravaghi & Quinonez, 2013, p. 467). This assertion is based on an analysis…. [read more]

State Taxes Direct Democracy Federalism Research Paper

… ¶ … Taxes, Direct Democracy and Federalism

A continuing debate that has been occurring is the power of the federal government in relation to the states. This is because both are given specific areas of authority under the Constitution. However, the language is general enough that there is contention about who has what specific powers. To determine this, the judicial system will often rely on case precedent and interpretation of the law. This has caused the overall scope of federal vs. state power to continually shift. As a result, there are various instances which are illustrating how these rulings can affect the way the law is enforced. To fully understand what is taking place requires looking at issues such as: taxes, the use of the…. [read more]

Dry Needling Cover Letter Department Peer-Reviewed Journal

… This could clarify why latent trigger points might not induce impulsive pain. As soon as these inadequate synapses happen to be sensitized, referred pain would likely follow (Mense, 2008).

Latent trigger factors can easily turn out to be active trigger points. Simply because of elevated synaptic effectiveness within the dorsal horn, these trigger points might begin showcasing spontaneous pain. It seems that whether or not a trigger point is actually active or latent relies upon, at least partly, on the level of sensitization. Data shows that the very first phase of trigger point development includes the improvement of contractured muscle tissue or perhaps a taut band, which might or might not be painful. Whilst the precise mechanisms involving the taut band development aren't properly outlined,…. [read more]

Conflict Management Why Tobacco Is a Good Term Paper

… Conflict Management

Why Tobacco is a Good Source of Tax Revenue

The tax revenues from tobacco continue to be one of the highest growth areas of both the U.S. And global budgets. Just sampling the years of 1997 to 2005 in the U.S. For state and local tobacco tax revenue, total receipts grew from $3.6B in 1997 to $13.4B in 2005, a significant 17.6 compound annual growth rate, which made tobacco and tax revenues one of the fastest growing tax revenue streams local, state, and federal governments. Consider also the fact that even in the most economically challenged areas of the U.S., state and local tobacco tax revenue has grown at a 12.8% compound annual growth rate according to the U.S. Census Bureau (2007) analysis…. [read more]

University's Duty of Care in Tortious Litigation Term Paper

… ¶ … university's duty of care in Tortious Litigation

Duty of Care in Tortious Litigation

According to the Department Justice of Bureau Statistics report in Legal Series Bulletin #2, 2002: "In 1996 10 out of every 1,000 students age 12 through 18, or a total of 255,000 children were victims of serious violent crimes at school or as they traveled to and from it. U.S. schools reported 4,000 rapes or other sexual offense during the 1996-97 school year. 11,000 physical attacks and fights involving the use of weapons and robberies totaling 7,000. (Heaviside, Rowand, Williams, et al. 1998) Congressional legislation established National Education Goals in 1994 for public school throughout the U.S. The establishment of collecting of information for the purpose of producing statistical information…. [read more]

South This Report Is About the Automobile Term Paper

… South

This report is about the automobile industry migrating south and thus leaving northern and eastern states reeling. Corporate America and especially the automobile industry have become very competitive as the world has become more of a global economy. Companies are constantly on the lookout for new ways to strategically reduce overhead and still increase market share and profitability. In the past, Northern states like New Jersey, Detroit and New York offered the automobile industry high salary and unionized employees often forcing the manufactures to consider moving abroad.

When moving was not an option, the automobile industry was constantly closing plants and laying off employees to help balance the books. As recently as 1990's, companies needed to use solutions like labor force reduction to cut…. [read more]

Same Sex Marriage and Equal Protection Clause Term Paper

… Same-Sex Marriage - Equal Protection Clause

same-sex marriage and equal protection clause: analysis and recommendation for a legal position for justice in the supreme court for prevention of same-sex marriage

It is generally held among those who view themselves to be 'Constitutionalists' that anything not addressed in the U.S. Constitution was something that should not be the subject matter of the law and is therefore better left out of any type of modifications or amendments that make changes to the essence of the U.S. Constitution. This is held to be the same traditionally in relation to state constitutions within the individual U.S. states. The U.S. Constitution has an equal protection clause that states: "...states shall not deny any person the equal protection of the laws."…. [read more]

Civil Rights Movement in America the Struggle Term Paper

… Civil Rights Movement in America

The struggle for the Civil Rights of the African-Americans have their roots in the slave trade era and the resulting pressure to let go the slaves in the southern states increasing every passing year during the emancipation of slaves period. The movement can be traced to as early as 1800 when Absalom Jones and several other blacks living in Philadelphia petitioned Congress against the notion of enslavement and slave trade and challenging the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.

The heat for recognition of civil rights took centre stage with the Court ruling that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 which sought to give "all full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on…. [read more]

Illegal Immigration it Has Been Pointed Out Term Paper

… Illegal Immigration

It has been pointed out many times that the United States is a nation of immigrations, with only the Native American population having been here long enough to lay claim to be native to the land. Immigration has been a contentious issue for some time, long before the current level of concern related to a fear of terrorism and to a concern about economic impact. Economic impact was long raised as something to be considered, but racial, and ethnic attitudes also affected levels of all immigration. As the immigration system has evolved and responded to new situations, so have laws concerning illegal immigration and the nature of proposals offered to solve the problem of illegal immigration.

Between 1820 and 1910, at least 38…. [read more]

Current Welfare System Temporary Aid for Needy Families TANF Term Paper

… ¶ … welfare system (Temporary Aid for Needy Families (TANF)

Introduction to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF):

The erstwhile welfare reform law Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act -- PRWORA of 1996 after amendment came to be known as TANF which is a block grant program intended to make significant reforms to the welfare system of the country by converting welfare into a program of temporary assistance. (Administration for Children and Families: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program) TANF is a federal program of financial assistance to children and their families with low-income. TANF was an important transformation in welfare policy in the philosophy as well as the mechanics of the law. The families who are covered under TANF include the present…. [read more]

Spotlighting Samplings 4 Qualitative Research Research Paper

… Magilvy and Thomas (2009) explain that "qualitative research data are usually text data, narratives, and stories told by people about their experiences recorded digitally, on tape, on film, or in photographs, or in notes taken by the researcher" (¶ 4). After being analyzed, described and explained, the ensuring retrieved data may offer a detailed account of the experience "as lived."

As explained earlier in the study, research design illustrates the entire research process from the first notion of the research problem, to creating the data, analyzing and explaining the findings and ultimately publishing the results. In addition to the phenomenology method, the survey method, the ethnography method, and the case study method, the methods the current study examines, research designs also include, however, may not…. [read more]

Dually Diagnosed African-American and Latino Adolescents Term Paper

… Dually Diagnosed African-American and Latino adolescents


Abuse of substances on the part of adolescents has grown to be a national concern in the United States and has sparked many studies in this area in the last decade. Great challenges are presented for the clinician and the substance abuse treatment system in developing and applying appropriate and effective treatment for these adolescents. Studies have shown that of the adolescents who have substance abuse disorders, many of them also have mental health illness a combination of which is termed 'dual diagnoses or co-occurring disorders. The combination of these two disorders often have devastating impacts on the adolescent, their family and…. [read more]

Economic Stimulus Research Proposal

… ¶ … Economic Stimulus, Banking Firms, and Their Performances:

The Current U.S. Financial Environment and What Comes Next

The banking industry in the U.S. has been strongly and negatively impacted by the current financial situation of the country, particularly with regard to the subprime mortgage crisis. This crisis became very obvious in 2007 and, since then, there have been a lot of related problems. Banks have been bailed out, and so have homeowners, all as part of the Obama Administration's economic stimulus package. This package was designed to create jobs, help people keep their homes, and let the country move forward, but there have been many people who have complained about the stimulus, as well. These people do not feel that the stimulus package has…. [read more]

College Admission and Financial Aid for Illegal Term Paper

… College Admission and Financial Aid for Illegal Immigrants

Illegal immigration is one of the most controversial topics in modern society. Some people advocate severely punishing illegal immigrants, increased border patrols, and greater restrictions on legal immigration. On the other hand, some people believe that America should open up its borders, allow larger numbers of legal immigrants per year, and extend the rights of American citizenship to immigrants, without regard to their legal status. Regardless of one's position on the issue, the fact remains that an increasing number of illegal immigrants have been graduating from American high schools each year. In fact, approximately 65,000 illegal immigrants graduate each year. (Barbassa, 2006). Not surprisingly, this has resulted in an increasing number of illegal immigrants applying to American…. [read more]

Open versus Closed Adoptions Creative Writing

… Moreover, far too many adoptees have experienced the adverse mental health effects of feeling abandoned and unwanted by their birth parents even if they enjoyed an otherwise perfect childhood. Part of this problem relates to the rights and feelings of adoptive parents and the sacrifices they made in adopting someone else's child. In this regard, one adoptee advocacy group emphasizes that:
Eventually, when their child wants to search for their own roots, the adoptive parent may feel betrayed. Please know that from the adoptee's perspective, searching for their truth is not a betrayal. They just want to know where they came from and somehow reconnect with their biological roots. They are not doing it to replace you. They are doing it because they just need…. [read more]

ADHD the Growing Incidence of ADHD Attention Term Paper


The Growing Incidence of ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a neurological condition characterized by inattention, restlessness and impulsivity, is commonly diagnosed in early childhood and affects between 3 and 5% of American children, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. "In a classroom of 25 to 30 children, it is likely that at least one of them will have ADHD" (Ramer, p. 4). Studies that have been done in the area of ADHD, and many school teachers, say these numbers are conservative estimates. There is a growing belief that ADHD is growing in incidence. The thesis of this paper is that Attention deficit disorder and Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased in incidence during a ten-year span for school-aged children.

Public perception often…. [read more]

Cigarette Taxes Term Paper

… Cigarette Taxes

INTRODUCTION simple review of cigarette taxes in the individual U.S. states reveals that range of taxes charged on a purchase of a pack of cigarettes is between $0.17 per pack up to $3.00 a pack. Accompanying the tax hikes on cigarettes have are much more serious problems as this work will illustrate.


The work of Patrick Fleenor entitled: "Cigarette Taxes, Black Markets and Crime: Lessons from New York's 50-Year Losing Battle" states: "As large state government budget gaps have opened in the past year, lawmakers across the country are turning to cigarette taxes for added revenue." (2003) for those who support these taxes, the taxes are portrayed as "innocuous levies that improve public health." (Fleenor, 2003) the fact is…. [read more]

Illegal Immigration Term Paper

… Those states include California, Illinois, Kansas, New York, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah and Washington (Radelat, 2004b). This type of approach recognizes that the illegal immigrants and their children are here, and tries to provide a path to help them become more productive members of society.


President Bush's proposal, to give legal status to illegal immigrants already here, has an economic goal, to match the "guest worker" with employers willing to hire them (Dobbs, 2005). However, critics argue that such a program will simply increase the number of people who want to come to the United States using illegal means if necessary. In addition, illegal workers need no federal program to find willing employers. The United States has used undocumented immigrants for decades in such…. [read more]

Are School-Based Anti-Bullying Programs Decreasing the Rate of Victimization? Thesis

… School-Based Bullying

Prevention Programs

The problem regarding how schools may best make their environments physically and emotionally safe leads to the question: Does a school-based program decrease victimization? This leading question guiding the literature review addresses a critical concern challenging school officials and others interested in helping to ensure the safety and emotional well-being of youth. Determining what works best to confront violence and students being victimized, are interventions that help the child become stronger within himself. The program Olweus developed, which a number of school officials base their school-wide anti-bullying programs, on depicts an excellent example of one effective approach to counter bullying, victimization and violence.

During the study's literature review which examines the primary research question: Does a school-based program decrease victimization?, the…. [read more]

West Nile Virus Term Paper

… Risk through medical procedures is also low. The risk of getting WNV through blood transfusions and organ transplants is very small (CDC, Possible West Nile Virus Transmission to an Infant through Breast-Feeding - Michigan, 2002, 2002)

West Nile virus infection can be suspected in a person based on clinical symptoms and patient history. Laboratory testing is required for a confirmed diagnosis. The most commonly used WNV laboratory test measures antibodies that that are produced very early in the infected person. These antibodies, called IgM antibodies. These antibodies can be measured in blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. This test may not be positive when symptoms first occur; however, the test is positive in most infected people…. [read more]

Professional Student Athlete the Raw Term Paper

… The NCAA argued in several court cases that it does not have to follow the Americans with Disabilities Act. After months of negotiation, the Department of Justice and NCAA signed an agreement in which the NCAA agrees to consider courses with special education designation. However, three cases over the summer raised new questions about whether the NCAA truly has changed its review process.

Recently several state Attorneys General established a committee to examine NCAA practices, prompted by complaints from educators in more than two dozen states. While no one questions the legitimacy of increasing standards, the NCAA is out of its jurisdiction in dictating high school course content. As a New York Times editorial concluded, "The NCAA should be promoting educational innovation, not obstructing it."…. [read more]

Applying Servant Leadership Principles in a Conflicted Church Dissertation

… Applying Servant Leadership within a Conflicted Church: The Project as an Act of Ministry

My church, the South Iowa Chapel, like many modern churches, is a church in conflict. Conflicted churches are problematic because they drive parishioners away from church, and, possibly, away from Christ. Conflict in a church can also be a difficult situation to remedy, because of the different personality types and leadership styles of people involved in the church. However, I feel that a significant part of the problem is that people are using traditional leadership styles in church. Jesus Christ was not a traditional leader. On the contrary, He was the epitome of a servant leader, one who leads through service to others. Obviously, He did a wonderful job leading the…. [read more]

Truancy Rationale, Relevance, Significance Organization of Remainder Research Proposal

… Truancy

Rationale, Relevance, Significance

Organization of Remainder of Study

Review of the Critical Literature

Historical Context

Motivational and Behavioral Research: Why Punishment Doesn't Work

Co-Morbidity with Other Problems: Identifying Stressors

Bridging the Gap Between the Criminal Justice System and School Counselors

Experimental Design and the Problem of Truancy

Researcher's Philosophy

Research Design Guide or Model

Sampling Design and Setting


Field Testing/Pilot Testing

Internal Validity

External Validity

Expected Findings

Ethical Issues


New Approach to an Old Problem: Do Incentive Programs Decrease Truancy among Middle School Students


Truancy refers to any unexcused absence from school. Each state enacts their own school attendance laws and determines at what age the child is required to begin schooling, when a child can legally drop out…. [read more]

Slavery the Remnant Research Paper

… Therefore the colonists did not view slavery as an immoral or wrong practice. Slavery was considered a way of life and they believed that there was a hierarchy and that slaves were at the bottom of this hierarchy. Nonetheless, the issue of slavery in Austin did indeed create a bit of a quandary as it pertained to passing laws that would allow slavery. Bugbee (1898) reports that

"The question of slavery presented the greatest obstacle to the passage of the law. Austin believed that at least temporary toleration of slavery was necessary to the success of his colony. It was the slaveholding population of Missouri, Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, and Mississippi that had shown the greatest interest in his settlement, and it was from the…. [read more]

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