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Health and Legislative Issues Term Paper

… This means that either way if one chooses to go with the programs of the Act or chooses not to go with them they have to pay taxes. Therefore this PPACA affects the American citizens more than anyone else.

Socioeconomic, political, cultural, and ethical issues

There are also various socioeconomic and political context factors that surround this issue. These factors have led to the industrialization of the healthcare systems in the U.S. with provision of healthcare as a product being subjected to market forces. Competition from providers has led to the overuse of costly methods of treatment and a subsequent increase in medication cost and rise in insurance (Goodman, 2012). Most of the debates on the PPACA are now being politicized and the issue is…. [read more]


Healthcare and the Undocumented Research Paper

… Health Care and the Undocumented

One of the hot button issues that have been continually debated over the last several years is: the status of undocumented workers. Where, denying these individuals access from having health care services is a way of preventing abuses of various social service programs. As these people are in the country illegally, this makes them intelligible; for any kind of assistance (according to some individuals). However, when you look beyond these views, it is clear that this can have a negative impact on undocumented workers and their families. These two issues are important, because understanding them can have a profound effect upon nurses. Where, their views on issues will help determine how the national debate is shaped. To understand this effect…. [read more]


Healthcare Reform Ways the Healthcare Reform Bill Thesis

… Healthcare Reform

Ways The Healthcare Reform Bill May Affect The Average American

Many of those who disagree with the proposed Healthcare Reform Bill actually agree that America's current health care system needs reform. Amidst concerns and challenges that counter and compliment the contemporary health care reform bill being considered by Congress, one primary question arises, the primary question this mixed methods research paper addresses: How may the current proposed Healthcare Reform Bill affect the average American?

In addition to accessing information through the literature review, this study conducts a 15 question survey via a questionnaire the researcher created. Ultimately, as the research paper answers the primary research questions and three relevant sub-questions, it stimulates more questions regarding the proposed Healthcare Reform Bill that only time,…. [read more]


Health Care Free Essay

… Walters: I am sorry, Mr. Bucelli. But the Constitution guarantees everyone an equal opportunity, not an equal level of service or guarantee of its provision. Arguing otherwise would be placing an unfair burden on the government to bear.

Ms. Gomez: In any way, it is the responsibility of the state to ensure that the people are looked after and are provided with all the services that they need in order to lead healthy lives. If Canada can function as a welfare state, then why cannot the United States? It is after all, the richest nation in the world, yet probably the only developed nation where health is not provided by the state (Colombo & Tapay 9).

Dr. Barker: To sum up, I would reiterate that…. [read more]


Access to Health Care Research Paper

… The reason behind this phenomenon is that children's health insurances are less expensive than the insurances of adults. In order to provide the children with a better access to the health care system Kids health insurance reform was passed by Obama in the year 2009. The research's result concluded that in 2010 almost every fifth American was facing an unmet health need, 20% of the Americans did not visit the doctor in a year. The major reason for not visiting the doctor and not going for a treatment was unaffordable cost that went from 8.8% in 2000 to 13.7% in 2010. (Alex, 2012)

The research also mentioned that from 1980 to 2011 the expenses on the Health care system have increased. As per year around…. [read more]


Healthcare Problems Facing This Nation Term Paper

… Thirteen percent said they don't have drinking water available to quench them on hot days in the fields of the Valley.

In Texas the problems are just as grave and the numbers just as alarming as in California. Diabetes, for which Mexican-Americans tend to be at greater risk for, is far more lethal along the border because of the large numbers of Mexicans who live there. The death rate for diabetes in Texas averages 17.8 deaths per 100,000 residents; however, the death rate is 24.9 in El Paso, 26.4 in the McAllen area and nearly 33 in Laredo, all areas which a high concentration of Hispanic workers. (Pinkerton 2002)

What is even more scary is the fact that the border regions are becoming incubators for…. [read more]


Health Care a Major Challenge Term Paper

… Health Care

A major challenge that a variety of health care organizations has been continually facing is regulatory and ethical issues. This is because these kinds of entities have become inundated with: a wave of new patients and increasing demand from the community. Part of the reason for this, is because of shifts have been occurring with the Baby Boomers becoming older and new immigrants seeking out health care services. These two factors have meant that a number of facilities around the country are often inundated with patients. (Hoy, 2010) During the process of working with everyone is when various instance of discrimination and lack of caring can occur. Once this begins to take place, it means that medical errors will increase and the quality…. [read more]


Health Care Reform Federal Deficit Thesis

… The final score of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act with reconciliation amendments was released publicly 20 March 2010. The CBO and the Joint Committee on Taxation estimated that the act would lead to a net reduction in federal deficits of $143 billion over ten years, with $124 billion in net reductions from health reform and $19 billion derived from education provisions (Eakin and Ramlet, 2010). Total subsidies in the act exceed $1 trillion over ten years. They include insurance exchange tax credits for individuals, tax credits for small employers, the creation of reinsurance and highrisk pools, and expansions to Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). To finance the subsidies and reduce the deficit, total cost savings are projected to be nearly…. [read more]


Health Care Reform to Place Our Nation Thesis

… Health Care Reform

To place our nation's health care under the very government that is now at the center of our fiscal problems, and which is piling up debt by the trillions even without health care, while the jobless rate continues to skyrocket, is not only fruitless, it is scandalous if not immoral. It is also implanting too much authority in the federal government vs. The individual states. In short, it is a gamble this country cannot afford to take with a federal government that has not proven it can run itself in an effective manner.

Fannie May, a federal government-sponsored and subsidized mortgage-lending institution, failed. The U.S. Post Office was $2.8 billion in debt in 2008 (CBS news, para. 3). It continues to be…. [read more]


Healthcare Reforms From 1990s Till Present Time Term Paper

… Healthcare Reforms From 1990s Till Present Time:

In the 1990s, two leading trends have witnessed healthcare- viz. growing enrolment in the Medicaid entitlement program and the huge growth in government healthcare spending. While a third trend that is taking shape has been the proliferation of managed care system. The launching of managed care into Medicaid was viewed as an opportunity to radically minimize healthcare costs of government. Before 1997, states were required to get federal waivers before experimenting with Medicaid managed care systems. The introduction of the Balanced Budget Amendment or BBA of 1997 did away with the need totally and paved the way for Medicaid managed care. Managed Care holds immense capability to benefit Medicaid clients. Greater access, continuous care and quality of care…. [read more]


Illegal Immigrants in the Healthcare USA Research Paper

… Illegal Immigrant and the Healthcare

Illegal immigration has been at the center of on going debate for a long duration now and still is in existence. The argument is on whether these illegal immigrants are entitled to some form of health cover in the United States especially on the part of health reform and immigration reform. This is a dilemma particularly taking into account that the healthcare system, in the spirit of upholding the sanctity of the constitution, is formatted to take care of all those within the American border. Some arguments have it that the United States has a moral obligation to provide healthcare to everyone within its borders that is in need of such assistance. Others hold the argument that those who are…. [read more]


Mental Health the Recent Changes Research Paper

… Mental Health

The recent changes to the health care sector (from the passage of the Affordable Care Act) have raised concerns about its long-term effectiveness in dealing with the uninsured, rising costs and quality. To fully understand the lasting impacts there will be a focus on what segments are most influenced by these challenges. This will help to determine the effect of these changes and how they will transform the health care sector. (Eibner, 2012)

Over the last several decades, income inequalities have been occurring inside the health care sector. This is because the U.S. system is based upon a privatized model that requires individuals paying for more of these costs. The results are that a larger percentage of the population cannot afford health care…. [read more]


Canada Health Act the Implementation Thesis

… Canada Health Act

The Implementation of the Canada Health Act an Medicare System

Canada's healthcare system is in many ways a great example to other economically successfully, free market nations, the United States high among them. Its ambition to ensure that all Canadians have access to some form of healthcare, whether through publicly funded assistance or through self-pay or employer-pay insurance coverage, marks it as a leading exemplar for a nationalized healthcare system. And as the research conducted here below will demonstrate, this reflects a cultural and political will to ensure that equality and fairness are governing forces ensuring the rights of all Canadians to some form of healthcare access or, where needed, assistance. Therefore, the research conducted tends to suggest that there is a…. [read more]


Mental Health Issues Among the Hispanic Community Research Paper

… The low level of Hispanic providers is a great contributor to these geographic patterns because Hispanic providers are more likely as compared to other providers to be located in Hispanic communities. The low number of Hispanic providers also increases the effects on patient's geographical provider shortages. Hispanics hold the belief that Hispanic providers provide higher quality care compared to other providers and hence they tend to seek care from Hispanic physicians due to the personal preference and language barrier regardless of socioeconomic factors and location. Another factor is immigration and fear of deportation among the Hispanics.

Cultural factors also contribute to the barriers that Hispanics face when they seek medical care. For instance a medical care provider who is not familiar with the Hispanic culture…. [read more]


Public Health Service: A Renewed Research Paper

… S. Constitution thereby making it mandatory for individuals to purchase health insurance. The Individual Mandate provision of the PPACA (P.L. 111-148, PPACA) requires all Americans must purchase healthcare insurance policy from 2014 or face a federal penalty. The U.S. Supreme Court stroked down the individual mandate provisions stating that they violated the Commerce Clause. The court held that the Individual Mandate under the current provisions is unconstitutional. Another blow to the ACA provisions was that the Supreme Court stroked down the requirement for states to participate in Medicaid expansion or their Medicaid funds will be withheld by the Federal government. The Court held that the provision is an overreach by the Federal government. The Court held that the participation in the Medicaid expansion shall be…. [read more]


Implementation of the Affordable Health Care Act in State of Kansas Term Paper

… Affordable Healthcare Act in State of Kansas

Access of care and to drop the cost

Expansion of health insurance coverage in state of Kansas

Establishing the health insurance marketplace

Increasing access to Medicaid

Providing new coverage options for young adults

Covering preventative services

Unreasonable premium increases

New Care Act support preventing illness

Promoting health

The Grants that Kansas received

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 faced opposition by the members of forty five state legislators. The constitutional amendments were also proposed by the members. The states even after opposing the reforms sought grants and some of them returned the grants. Kansas was among the states that returned a grant of $31 million given under the Early Innovator Program. The American healthcare system…. [read more]


Health Issues Faced by Immigrants Research Paper

… Migration and Health

Definitions & Concepts

Migration-when an individual moves from one center of living to another over a socially significant distance (Spallek, Zeeb, Razum, 2010).

It is the movement of an individual or a group of persons across a political or administrative border from a geographical unit to another for permanent or temporary residence (DMP, 2004).

International migration- an instance where migration occurs across a national border (Spallek, Zeeb, Razum, 2010).

Circular migration- the movement of migrants (the people migrating) who take residence in one country for a short period of time before going back their country of origin (DMP, 2004).

Irregular migration-this is a type of migration that does not conform to any policies, rules or regulations of countries. Irregular migration includes human…. [read more]


Community / Organization Healthcare Services Research Paper

… Organizational structure

GPHA makes use of a 'case management' approach which treats the 'whole person.' "GPHA is committed to helping patients break down any healthcare barriers they may face by offering medical case management services. Provided for patients with debilitating problems, which may range from a lack of resources and housing to drug and/or mental problems, all of which can negatively affect a patient's health, our medical case managers serve as a lifeline" (Medical case management, 2014, GPHA).

Ways in which your community/organization works with immigrants and refugees

Culturally-based attitudes can often determine willingness to access healthcare services, regardless of income level (Hochhausen & Perry 2011). Bella Vista continues to attract a high percentage of recent Italian immigrants to the area: "of the top twenty…. [read more]


Health Maintenance Organization Impact on the Minorities Thesis

… HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION IMPACT ON THE MINORITIES COMMUNITY: HISPANICS, African-American AND LATINOS

The focus of this research study is the health maintenance organization impact on the minorities' community and specifically the communities of Hispanics, African-American and Latinos in the locations of New York City, New Jersey, Connecticut and Chicago. In recent years it has become increasingly clear that the U.S. .healthcare system is failing in making the same quality of care provision for ethnic minority populations as are made for the majority white population and the racial and ethnic disparities in accessing quality healthcare have been documented in research studies. It is reported that African-Americans experience the highest rates of mortality from heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular disease and HIV / AIDS than any other U.S.…. [read more]


Uninsured Population Insurance Premiums Budget Research Paper

… The Census Bureau released a report in 2011, showed a 1.6% decline in the uninsured employees that age from 20-25. In term of number the 1.6% is a small figure but it accounts for 393,000 people insuring themselves in just over a year's time. Another report showed that out of the 4 million businesses that were offered the insurance program, almost 175,000 claimed it. (Blendon, 2010)

Insurance Premiums:

The second important impact of the PPACA Act was on the insurance premiums. Through the PPACA Act the insurance companies were ordered by the state to charge less premium amount on the policies in order to encourage people buying the insurance policies. In order to cover these insurance companies, the state had given subsidies. The insurance companies…. [read more]


Medical Ethics of Providing Healthcare to Illegal Term Paper

… Medical Ethics of Providing Healthcare to Illegal Immigrants

Providing healthcare for illegal immigrants has become a major topic of ethical debate and an issue of increasing financial concern in the United States.

Religious institutions are deeply embedded in both health care delivery and health care lobbying, and each activity is consciously driven by understandings of the imperatives of Christian social thought and by institutional missions formulated with the intention of realizing commitments that flow from Christian faith (Cochran pp). Since health care delivery is shaped by public policies at the federal and state levels, religious leaders, theologians, and institutions such as hospitals have been forced to reflect on and to deliver health care within a context powerfully political and public (Cochran pp).

American health care…. [read more]


Negative Effects on Denying Healthcare to Undocumented Research Proposal

… Negative Effects of Denying Health Care to the Undocumented

In many ways undocumented workers are the most vulnerable in society. Where, they will earn less money and are not afforded, the same legal protections as citizens. This means that they are exposed to a variety of health conditions, because they are denied access to social services. In this study we are examining the effect that the denial of health care services will have on the undocumented worker and their families. This will be accomplished by conducting a literature review and indentifying a possible strategy to: prove or disprove our hypothesis.

Over the last several years the issue of undocumented workers has been continually brought to the forefront. Where, their ability to receive various public services…. [read more]


Justice Implications of a Social Policy Research Proposal

… Healthcare Propsal: Are Immigrants Left Behind?

The Healthcare Proposal: History and Background

One of the platforms upon which Illinois Democratic Senator Barak Obama campaigned for election in the 2008 presidential race was healthcare reform. Obama promised Americans that if he were elected president, all Americans would have access to affordable healthcare. After he was successfully elected president by an overwhelming voter turnout and margin, Obama reiterated his promise in numerous town-hall meetings around the country to provide all Americans health coverage. Contrary to his campaign trail speeches and promises about healthcare, Obama and his supporters of a national healthcare plan were assailed with questions, and they came face-to-face with angry Americans who were suspicious of Obama's plan and who held that, like the financial bailouts,…. [read more]


Effect of Illegal Aliens on California's Healthcare System Term Paper

… ¶ … ILLEGAL ALIENS on CALIFORNIA'S HEALTHCARE SYSTEM

The Pew Hispanic Center estimated in March 2005 that the illegal alien population in California was 2.4 million in 2004. The impact on business, public schools, criminal justice system, and health care has been enormous. Statistics show that 63 California hospitals closed in the ten-year period between 1993 and 2003 because half of their services were unpaid because of services required under the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA). (Cosman, 2005; paraphrased) These statistics show that many clinics and general practitioners do not have a hospital dedicated to their area of service. Because of the diseases that the illegal alien immigrants are bringing to the United States, it is imperative that private practitioners develop some…. [read more]


Community Nursing the United States Case Study

… It is important to recognize the need for spiritual fulfilment for new immigrants entering the country.

In addition to these needs, it is also important to investigate the local and state legislation to best assist the family to make their way in the United States. There are several legal entities and legislation that exist to protect the rights of those without formal housing. One such entity is the Chicago Coalition for the Homeless (CCH, 2013). In August 2013, Illinois became the second state to implement a Bill of Righs particularly for the homeless, in which their basic rights are protected. These rights include the right to access public transport, public spaces, to vote, to make use of emergency services, and other basic human rights that…. [read more]


Rural vs. Urban Health Care Disparities Dissertation

… Health Care Disparity in Maryland

Context of the Problem

Unsettling Disparities Occur

Approximately 1,600,000 individuals who live in Maryland either do not have access to healthcare as they cannot afford insurance and/or are underinsured.



In "Health care reform: a vital issue for Maryland's nurses," Anne S. Kasper and Leni Preston (2008) stress this unsettling fact, as they point out that Maryland ranks number 24 in the United States in the number of uninsured residents. Fifteen percent of Maryland's population, almost 800,000 people, in fact, is not insured. The significance of the fact relating to those who do not have access to healthcare, Kasper, and Preston (2008) assert, increases as this magnificent number of individuals without access to healthcare does…. [read more]


Universal Health Care System Term Paper

… Due to the fact of limitations of administrative data being used as the benchmark it is essential that the estimation of the size of the Medicaid undercount is to be made with caution. Irrespective of the fact of the correctness of the estimates they are not capable of indicating a corresponding error in the count of the uninsured due to the fact that the Medicaid enrollees not reporting about the Medicaid coverage may report on another type of coverage. (Nelson, 2003) study depicting similar conclusions that of the Medicaid administrative records in Minnesota reveals that a vast majority of Medicaid enrollees who did not report being covered under Medicaid reveals their coverage under another source of insurance. It has been estimated that about 2.9 million…. [read more]


Urban Health Issue in the UK Essay

… Typically, the resident of Newham is currently experience high level of deprivation making Newham recording highest rates of tuberculosis in England. Moreover, the life expectancy is lower in Newham compared to national average. Deprivation is higher in Newham than the national average. Typically, 86% of Newham's "residents live in areas classified" (Mayho, 2003 p 2) as the most fifth deprived areas in England. Moreover, Newhman receive the highest notification of TB in England with 15% increase in population since 1981, however, the rest of the cities and towns in the UK record a slower rate of population increase of only 4.3%. The increase in the Newham population is attributed to the increase in the number of ethnic minority groups settling at the place. Overview of…. [read more]


Affordable Health Care Act Impact Thesis

… By law, persons who for religious or other reasons are unable to join these schemes are exempted. According to Scott (2013)

, it is this duty of individuals that makes universal coverage possible. Without this legal mandate, a large number of persons who are healthy would not see value in risk pooling and thus would not enroll for insurance coverage. Similarly, private health insurance would not eliminate discriminatory pricing that favor the healthy individuals. Private insurance providers cannot protect themselves from adverse selections since they have a duty to provide insurance to all individuals.

As suggested by Genevieve et al. (2012)

, the ACA is basically a three-legged stool that connects the broken ties between employers, private health insurers and individuals. The first stool leg…. [read more]


Higher Health Care Costs Term Paper

… Buffett Taylor & Associates say that the software tracks, analyses and generates reports quantitatively and qualitatively. It also reveals return on investment as well as organizational trends in areas such as absenteeism, productivity, disability/benefit costs, company morale, employee attitudes, program participation. Other features of the Buffett Taylor Employee Wellness Cost Benefit Software are:

The flexibity to accommodate a multitude of user requirements - e.g, multiple sites, multiple users, a variety of program initiatives with different measurement requirements, or other customized needs. The company cites, as an example, the ability to measure the effectiveness of an organization's its cardiovascular wellness program by tracking health progress, absenteeism, medication usage, knowledge level and participant satisfaction - and provide reports in an aggregate manner. Additionally, it will calculate the…. [read more]

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