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US Decline Term Paper

… US Decline

The decline of the United States

The Romans.

On them I impose no limits of time or place.

I have given them an empire that will know no end."

The Roman poet Virgil (70 -- 19 b.c)

It is a poignant historical fact that great empires decline and dissipate into ruins and dust. This was the fate of the Roman Empire, the Greek Empire, the Islamic Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Numerous historians have noted the cyclical nature of the rise and fall of these societies. The question that is central to this paper is whether the new "empire" of the Unites States is also to follow the path of decline and destruction that has been the fate of previous "superpowers" like Rome…. [read more]

Hegemony Affects Men and Women Essay

… Money and education should be separate. Unfortunately, in all too many schools in our country, the one dominates the other. Saltman (2009), as do so many others, calls for decentralization of the educational system.

The negative effects of hegemony on teacher effectiveness and recommendations for mitigating those effects

I see hegemony today as being no different to the indoctrination that occurred in the instructional system of the Middle Ages where instruction was skewed towards religion and people were ostracized if they as much s questioned their religious teachings. Some, if not many, of these schools in this country are no different to the cathedral or monastic schools since the teachers in these schools focused primarily on indoctrinating the students in a certain way of thinking.…. [read more]

History Slavery North Atlantic British Essay

… Furthermore, the culture which developed among the Northern sector of the U.S. was also not necessarily conducive to slavery. The development of industry in these areas created a means of urbanization in which economic livelihood would be based upon common professions such as mariners, merchants, dockworkers and shopkeepers -- none of which have much use for slave labor. In general, the economy of the North (which was largely supported by the efforts of New England) was maritime-based, which is one of the primary reasons that slavery, which once existed in the North, eventually died out.

The surrounding conditions in the South, however, were primed for slavery because they were regarded as being less specialized than those in the North and exceedingly more labor intensive. Interestingly…. [read more]

US China Trading Relations Research Proposal


The objective of this work is to examine China and U.S. trading relations of Post-Tiananmen China from the perspective of Chinese businessmen. This work will answer the questions of:

In the context of the U.S. hostility towards China after Tiananmen incident, how privatized firms and businesses flourished along the southeastern coast of China during the 90s. focus on firms exports to the U.S. And affects of bilateral policies;

Chinese businessmen's early impression of U.S. And how they felt about the differences between business styles of the U.S. And China; and 3) how it is that such firms are affected during each of the major transitions or incidents later on, from Hong Kong's return to China's WTO concession, from September 11th to…. [read more]

Realism and the End of the Cold War Seminar Paper

… Realism and the End of the Cold War

The field of international relations has always been dominated by one theory or another that tried to explain, through different mechanisms and concepts, the evolution of the international affairs.

Realism was one of the theories that tried to best characterize the period of the Cold War and especially the bipolar relation between the West and the East, which is between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the fall of the U.S.S.R. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was considered that the realist theory of international relations did not grasp sufficiently accurate the power relations between the two important players and was not able to predict the fall of communism and the end of the…. [read more]

Reagan and the 80s Movie Term Paper


The objective of this work is to take a closer look into popular movies in the 1980s and the role Ronald Reagan's presidency played in them. This work will take three different years in the 1980s, or specifically the years of 1982, 1985, and 1986, and parallel them with two different genres: Teen Comedy and Drama and show how these films follow the same narrative. This narrative will follow the theme of (1) Outsiders; (2) Redemption; and (3) Victory.

The era of the Regan administration is one that is characterized by a slipping away from morals and values traditionally held evidenced in the breakdown of the traditional family structure, racial turmoil, crime, school problems, drugs, and declining sexual morality. Reagan…. [read more]

Economic History Has Shown Term Paper

… Indeed, the currency has come to record lows against major currencies, and especially against the Euro. The reason for this is cited as the U.S. current-account deficit. This deficit has been of concern for international circles, as the U.S. dollar, being the major currency of trade in the world, affects all other currencies.

One affecting factor is the so-called unsustainable growth shown in the U.S. economy during the 1990s. This was halted by falls in investment, including share indices such as NASDAQ, which fell after 20 years of advances. The legacies of mismanagement and scandal brought into the open with regard to corporate America was offset by a lack of retrenchment in domestic demand. The result of Federal Reserve's approach combined with homeowners tapping into…. [read more]

American Empire Is There Room Essay

… V. Conclusion

Some scholars advise that even if China does manage to avoid authoritarian modernization, revolution, upheaval, and war that tend to befall most imperial countries, the country will face a different challenge in demographic deterioration. In essence, China will grow old prior to becoming rich, as Mark Haas, professor of political science at Duquesne University, has argued. Goldman Sachs posits that by 2050, China's economy will have long since overtaken the United States' economy, but by then the median age in the United States will be the lowest of any of the world's major powers with the exception of India (Joffe, 2009). Moreover, the United States' population of working people will have increased by approximately 30$ while China's will have declined by roughly 3%.…. [read more]

Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]

Hegemony the Decline of U.S Term Paper

… Hegemony

The Decline of U.S. Hegemony

"The decline of U.S. hegemony will pose dangers for the liberal world. After all, American power has for decades underpinned the global economy and the architecture of international institutions, and promoted gender equality and minority rights. Liberal democracies have thrived in this American-backed order, and so have liberal norms and ideas. They won't do as well when American power and influence decline." Comment on this forecast. How is American preponderance related to liberal norms and ideas? Do you think the existing international order will be significantly transformed by the rise of non-liberal powers? If so, how?

The United States has held the reigns of the global power structure for roughly half a century. After the end of World War…. [read more]

Declines of American Hegemony Term Paper

… American Primacy: Good for America and the World?

After the end of World War II, the United States emerged as the most powerful nation on earth. Many foreign policy strategists at the time advocated a plan to prevent any rival from acquiring the same level of power, and thus maintain American primacy in the world. Nonetheless, most political scientists consider post-war era as a bipolar one, dominated by the United States and the Soviet Union. The U.S.S.R., however, disintegrated in early 1990s, and the questions regarding American primacy became a centerpiece of political debates. Terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, gave further impetus to the idea that American primacy was good in a new volatile world. Many foreign policy theorists and political commentators began to…. [read more]

World Order Soft Power Non-State Actors Marxism and Constructivism Future Hypothetical System Term Paper

… Globalization, soft power, NGOs, and world order

Soft Power

What is a soft power?

Soft power is a concept that describes the ways and means that a particular nation uses in persuading other nations to accept her policies. A nation that uses soft power may uses things like cooperative programs and financial aids in attracting other nations. The nation considers other nations as partners and uses incentive ways to capture their interest. Soft power contrasts with hard power, which uses coercion, military force, and other influential ways in achieving desired objectives.

How do proponents of using a soft power argues that the U.S. should address the increasing economic and military growth of China?

Some of the proponents that are using soft power in exhibiting their…. [read more]

American Foreign Policy Change Essay

… The Civil War made significant changes to the economy. The need for weapons and ammunition fed the strength of the manufacturing trades in the North, while the slash-and-burn practices during the War all but devastated the Southern agricultural powerhouse. The victory of the North in the War set the stage for an American economy centered on manufacturing and trade in the 20th century.

From the start of the English colonies in the early 1600s through the end of the Civil War, democracy and social freedom expanded for all Americans.

The concept of civil and human rights and the concept of political freedom have developed substantially in the United States since the first colonies settled here in the 1600s, though not always consistently. Many of the…. [read more]

Political Framework of EU Thesis

… As a result, European nations looked forward to developing nations such as Asia, Africa and South America for the purchase of these necessities. For developing nations this was an opportunity to become known as suppliers of grist, therefore, they were willing to enter into this trade agreement. However, what European Leaders wanted was more than a simple trade agreement; their aim was to enforce their rules on these nations, making them colonies of the infinite European empire. Therefore, they entered into the agreement after setting out a lot of rules for the dependent nations to follow. As time passed by, these rules made the European leaders indirectly administer the nation, thus the nations became a part of European empire. History reveals that the imperialism is…. [read more]

Language American English Is Incredible Essay

… Add to that the multiple dialects spoken in the UK and Australia, and English becomes one of the most colorful languages in the world. English words can be traced as often to Old French, Arabic, and Greek as they can to Old English. The language has always been dynamic and will continue to be so. The grammar Nazis are wrong. The point of grammar is to encourage clarity of expression, and not to enforce social hierarchies. Descriptive grammar teaches ground rules: necessary to know how to best get a point across so that an audience member will listen. Effective rhetoric demands a keen attention to audience demographics, anyway: which means that the speaker's language should ebb and flow depending on who is being addressed. There…. [read more]

Noam Chomsky States Are Not Moral Agents Term Paper

… Noam Chomsky

States are not moral agents, people are, and can impose moral standards on powerful institutions. (Wisdom Quotes: Noam Chomsky)

Noam Chomsky's contribution to linguistics and philosophy, as well as contemporary theoretical and political thought, is extensive. He received numerous awards and accolades, specifically for his work in linguistics. Chomsky was born in Philadelphia in 1928. As the son of Russian immigrants he was influenced by their belief in pacifism. His early education took place at a progressive school as well as at Philadelphia Central High school. He later attended the University of Pennsylvania where he studied mathematics, philosophy and linguistics. He completed his PhD in Linguistics in 1955 and was appointed Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1976.

In his doctoral…. [read more]

Race Continues to Play Term Paper

… This let the government create a 'need' for lower-income housing, which effectively eliminated the ability of many blacks to secure home-ownership by concentrating them in bad areas of town which were then left to be destroyed by crack cocaine and other drugs unheard of before the second half of the 20th century. Democratic politicians were then left with a powerful voting block, and were given incentives to maintain this group of people's poverty, as middle class voters tend to be more Republican.

Affirmative action is a policy that favors middle class blacks, who argue for it on the basis of 'past discrimination' as a method of invoking the instrumentalist articulation of race. Some political lobbyists that claim to represent the interests of all blacks will…. [read more]

Global Trends and National Security Essay

… 19). By focusing on the waning threat posed by one particular violent ideology, the National Security Strategy fails to realize or address the underlying economic and social factors which contribute to the success of any violent ideology.

Secondly, because the threat of Islamic fundamentalism is viewed as the preeminent threat to American national security, the 2010 National Security Strategy does not take into account the fact that a transition away from fossil fuels is imminent, thus weakening the power of its regional allies to protect the United States' "important interest in the greater Middle East" through policies of repression and torture only made possible by control over oil wealth (National Security Strategy, 2010, p. 24). Thus, when the National Security Strategy discusses the goals of…. [read more]

Marshall Plan and the Post 911 Global Research Paper

… Marshall Plan and the Post 911 Global War on Terror

Many times in the history of the world, war or its aftermath has threatened catastrophe. Following the end of the First World War, the leaders of the victorious allied nations imposed punishing reparations on defeated Germany. The resultant economic depression and deep resentment has been blamed by many for the rise of Hitler and militant fascism. Hitler's ascent to power led directly to the even greater horrors of World War II. The carnage and destruction that was Europe in 1945 left impressions that were not easily dispelled. The Globe's leaders sought ways to prevent a repeat of the circumstances that had caused the two world wars. The United Nations represented an attempt to bring the…. [read more]

Terrorism and Drug Trafficking Capstone Project

… In particular, heroin from Mexico poses a formidable threat throughout Pennsylvania and Delaware, as evidenced by the increasing availability of high purity, low priced heroin and the resulting escalation in abuse, drug treatment admissions, and overdose deaths. This threat is exacerbated by the widely-reported trend of prescription drugs abusers migrating to heroin, seeking a cheaper and more available high. The DEA Philadelphia Division routinely assesses and ranks the drug threats to Philadelphia and the Delaware area as determined by availability, threat to public health, community impact, attendant crime, enforcement activity, seizures, drug abuse and treatment statistics, as well as propensity for abuse. Analysis of these factors, supplemented by investigative reporting, human intelligence, liaison, and open source data, allows for a comprehensive overview of each drug…. [read more]

Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]

Drug Cartels Term Paper

… Drug Cartels

What is the relationship between Colombian and Mexican drug organizations?

Looking first at the background as to how cocaine came to be a profitable product, it is well-known that cocaine was a legal drug in Europe and in North and South America in the late 19th century up through the middle of the 20th century. Legal exports of cocaine in the early twentieth century amounted to "…ten metric tons" but legal exports of cocaine "…fell to under have a ton by 1950, when cocaine first became criminalized in South America" (Gootenberg, 2012). And by the 1950s, when the U.S. put pressure on sources bringing cocaine into the country "…drove the startling rise of Colombian cartels of the 1980s, Gootenberg explains on page 160…. [read more]

Innovation Ethic in Chapter Essay

… He thought that large-scale industry would turn the American people into a class of dependents and wage slaves, while the owners of industry would become an aristocracy or oligarchy. This was also true of his slaveholding successors like Andrew Jackson (132). In contrast to Hamilton's nationalism, centralization and support for manufacturing and industry they envisioned an America that would remain mostly rural and pastoral, lacking big cities, factories, banks, and speculators in paper money and stocks. In the 1830s, Alexis de Tocqueville also noticed that a new "manufacturing aristocracy" already existed in the Northeast, and that the permanent working class that Jefferson had feared was coming into being as well (133). After the Civil War, it was already clear that the U.S. was going to…. [read more]

Women in Prison Major Legal Research Paper

… Women are also in a total state of dependency upon their female guards for all of their needs, which can again exacerbate the feelings of victimhood.

A lack of program support

Although most prisons afford vocational training and psychological support for women to enter into the job market as productive citizens, few women prisoners take advantage of such opportunities. The reason, one study suggests, may be inadequate program design, given that most approaches to training focus on males and are the program paradigm is merely transferred to female prisons with the same approach. The employment rate of formerly incarcerated women is similar to the level of their pre-incarceration period, suggesting a failure of appropriate vocational training and social support for women inmates (Lalonde & Cho…. [read more]

Theory and Grand Strategy Essay

… ¶ … Grand Strategy

Liberalism and how it sheds light on the American grand strategy as applied to the world war

The theoretical aspects of realism, liberalism and constructivism exemplify a political undertaking that considers the idea of liberty and equality among people in the society. The general aspect of liberalism is realized when there is a confirmed state of liberty and equality in the country. This theory of politics takes much consideration of the fact that it is very important to have all the major avenues of leadership and governance within the states in the social stratifications. For instance, it has been explored that the occurrence of the American grand strategy has its roots dated to the evolution and functionalism of the liberal state.…. [read more]

New Face of Development Essay

… People in North American and in Europe have enjoyed this boon for considerably longer periods of time than those in third world or in recently developed countries such as China. Therefore, the baby boom generation represents the first that will live longer as a generation, which means a greater percentage of its population will be retiring and require the care of younger people. Due to the population explosion, and the fact that many developing nations either have or are getting access to this same technology, their propensity for living longer as well (although they are younger) will mean they will have significantly more interest and hegemony in the controlling of the world's affairs. This cultural dominance, reflected in sheer numbers including the fact that only…. [read more]

America One Enduring Aspect of American Identity Term Paper

… America

One enduring aspect of American identity that appears to be emerging in the twenty-first century is that of constant change. The United States of America might have reached the limits of its geographic expansion when it annexed Alaska and Hawaii, the forty-ninth and fiftieth and final states. However, the identities of Americans have been and remain in a state of continual flux and flow. As Huntington points out in Who Are We: Challenges to America's National Identity, the nation-state notion has held sway in America since the eighteenth century. Before that, residents were colonialists, natives, or slaves. Identity was linked to religion in many cases, or alternatively to culture or linguistic heritage. Since the Revolution and the dawn of the modern nation-state, the United…. [read more]

Impact of Immigration on the United States Economy Research Proposal

… Immigration

The Impact of Immigration on the United States Economy

Demographic Consequences:

American identity has historically centered on the ethnocentric proclivities of its ruling classes, which are generally constituted of white descendents of European settlers. The result is a nation in which socioeconomic, political and experiential realities are shaped significantly by ethnic background. Thus, even as immigrant groups arrive in the U.S. In numbers that are altering the general demographic makeup of this nation, the American identity continues to revolve on the myth of the white Christian man. A reality which emerges in our research is that America is in one regard moving ever closer to its rhetorical claims of a pluralistic society. But with the steady arrival of peoples from all parts of the…. [read more]

Comparing the Japanese and the Nationalists Colonize Taiwan Term Paper

… Japanese Colonization of Taiwan

Over the past several decades, research has indicated that during the colonization of Taiwan, many different tools and devices have been used by the Japanese during the time period before the relocation of the Kuomintang (KMT) to the island in 1945. Historians, Taiwanese citizens, and scholars have offered various theories for the noted preference by the old Taiwanese to the Japanese rule over rule by the KMT. These theories are based on the significant impact that the Japanese rule had on the creation of a Taiwan identity. An overview of Taiwan's cultural and political history and the sources of its disputed status is essential to understanding the uncertainty surrounding Taiwan identity. This paper will explore and discuss the tools and devices…. [read more]

European Security and Defense Policy Term Paper

… Possessing the most advanced technology was tantamount to being the lead nation. According to this line of thought, the United States of America controlled NATO, and played a leading role in European affairs by virtue of her technological preeminence. This technological preeminence was something that had to be preserved at all costs, for without it, America would be forced to give way. In the "alliance of equals," that was NATO during the Cold War; no nation could be permitted to hold a rank as "equal" as that of the United States. A classic example of this mindset is to be found in the following anecdote, from the pen of an eyewitness:

prime example of [this] behavior in my personal experience was U.S. reluctance to tell…. [read more]

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