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Hepatitis Background of Health Issue Hepatitis Facts Research Paper

… Hepatitis

Background of Health Issue

Hepatitis Facts (Magill's Medical Guide, 2014)

Anatomy or system affected: Liver

An inflammatory condition of the liver, characterized by discomfort, jaundice, and enlargement of the organ; bacterial, viral, or immunological in origin; may also result from use of alcohol and other drugs

Causes: Bacterial or viral infection; immunological disorder; liver damage from alcohol, drug overdose, or poison

Symptoms: Jaundice, liver enlargement, bloating, discomfort, fatigue, low-grade fever, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, weight loss, dark urine or pale stools

Duration: Ranges from short-term to chronic

Antibiotics, hospitalization

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can result from a variety of cause including bacterial and viral infections. The most common form is due to infection of the liver. The condition…. [read more]


Healthcare and Medicine in the Former Soviet Term Paper

… Healthcare and Medicine in the Former Soviet Union, From the Times of the Cold War Until Now Abstract

The health and medicinal facilities have been a cause for concern for the Soviet Union from the times of cold war. The Marxism theories have led to the adoption of bureaucracy and rigidly defined rules and objectives which are difficult to attain when the administration, funding, production and the other health care tasks are handled centrally. Even when the intentions were clear about improving the health standards in the country, the quality of the services provided suffered. The doctors and health care personnel increased in number but their education and training were not up to the mark leading to severe health related problems. The ecological problems did…. [read more]


RFP in Healthcare Industry Request Business Proposal

… In addition, the bidder's proposal should comply with the following format requirements. Bidders should follow them strictly, because the center may deem proposals that fail to meet the format requirements as non-responsive.

1. All the soft copy files should either be in MS Word (Word, excel, project, PowerPoint), version 2003-2007 or PDF. The proposal text should have at least 12 points and 8 points for presentation of information in figures and tables.

2. Vendors should provide printable information on pages on standard 8.5" x 14" format. However, the center prefers single sided pages.

3. The pages should follow a sequence in numbering excluding the project schedule. The page numbers must appear in the same page in the bidder's proposal. The vendor should assign index numbers…. [read more]


Health Behavior the "Theories Term Paper

… The detailed study of the problem and related factors in the light of particular settings help the experts to design interventions accordingly. The intervention is in the form of policy, strategy and program that can have an impact over physical activity. The development of the intervention, its implementation and finally the evaluation depend largely upon the used model or framework (NCI, 2011).

Not all individuals take part in physical activities. There are many policies, social and physical environmental variables which determine an individual's habit of participating in physical activity. The change in habit is possible through change in these environmental factors. If environment does not support change, habits will remain the same. In order to increase physical activity, the need is to work upon individual's…. [read more]


Hepatitis B Vaccine and Healthcare Service Providers Dissertation

… Abstract

Background: The Hepatitis-B virus (HBV) causes a most severe, deadly liver disease that goes by the same name. Its vaccine has, since 1982, proven remarkably successful in terms of effectiveness and safety, thereby ensuring its administration to every healthcare worker (HCW), for safeguarding them against occupational exposure.

Objective: To deduce HBV-immunization coverage extent, views and knowledge regarding it, and obstacles to proper immunization of primary HCWs.

Method: This descriptive, cross-sectional research employed a self-administered questionnaire, which was handed out to PHCWs in four primary healthcare divisions affiliated to Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah’s Directorate General of Health Affairs.

Results: The study randomly chose 645 PHCWs; 542 completed questionnaires were handed in, thus making the total response rate 84%. Outcomes indicated that 73.8% PHCWs…. [read more]


Health Immunizing Your Baby Research Paper

… Inherent in these discussions is the issue of whether or not all lives are of equal value, and evenly deserving of opportunities to be protected by vaccination (Ethical Issues and Vaccines, 2011).

Conclusions

There is no denying the fact that vaccines have been a good thing over the years. There are many deadly diseases that our ancestors had to fear that today are not given a second thought. On the other side of the coin there have been some studies that have claimed to find a link between these vaccinations and other disorders like autism. In the end parents must educated themselves in order to make sure that they make the right decision when it comes to immunizing their children. In a study done by…. [read more]


Multidisciplinary Dimension in Clinical System Management Term Paper

… Aramco Health Center is a private hospital which caters for patients from all walks of life. The institution is an also a teaching and referral hospital and provides a variety of services which include Cardiology, General medicine, surgery, Orthpaedic, Mental health, Rehabilitation, Emergency treatments and various forms of specialized treatments. Several types of Community health Services are also provided.

The health center has undergone a long and strategic redevelopment which has been targeted at the expansion of its key resources necessary for the hospital to fully meet the demand of resident of the surrounding suburbs. The health institution is equipped with about 300 beds that are sufficient to meet the demand of the community. The major departments that are targeted are Clinical Laboratory Science department,…. [read more]


Health Promotion Strategies Term Paper

… In this manner, the grandmother will be more receptive to the information and more wiling to follow the recommendations, accept the drugs, and adhere to recommended interventions. Alternately, a Cuban American healthcare worker may be found to act as interpreter and mediator between the health care services and Mercedes, again in attempt to persuade her to accept and follow the treatment.

Angelo is somewhat more complex since his rationale and manner deals with the typical Cuban sentiment macho sentiment that, as man, he can and must overcome his 'weaknesses' in order to continue to support his family. It would be considered unmanly for him to surrender to his 'weakness'. Another element that must be taken into consideration is the finding that a huge proportion of…. [read more]


Healthcare Contact Workers Controversy Research Paper

… (Wilson, 2012)

Recommendation

The most important responsibility lies with the industry that they should be very careful while hiring both temporary and permanent workers for a particular job. The healthcare should do a thorough research of the worker's past record before hiring them for the job. If there is any problem with the employee or if the worker is not doing the job as required then the hospital should report about that person to the staffing firm so that they could take disciplinary action against the worker.The company should compare the agencies from where the contract workers are hired, their testing and screening methods. The employers or the agencies should provide the contract workers full job description and other necessary information like company benefits, rules…. [read more]


Hospital Term Paper

… However, in this instance, the second set of organs were not immediately sought.

Although grevous medical errors such as the one that occurred in this case are hardly uncommon, in this case, the error was compounded by the failure to seek (as opposed to failure to obtain) replacement organs quickly (Mitchel, 2004). However, it is also possible to consider another angle on the problem.

Because the medical team had reason to believe that the patient would have significant reduced likelihood of survival, as well as a questionable quality of life following a second transplantation, all indicator point to value judgments on the part of the hospital transplant team, causing them significant pause concerning the ethics of pursuing another set of organs for their patient. Clearly,…. [read more]


Drug Addiction in Canadaneedle Exchange Program to Cut Down HIV Hepatitis Infection Research Paper

… Drug Addiction in Canada -- Needle Exchange Program to Reduce Infection

Drug addiction in Canada -- Needle exchange program to reduce HIV infection

According to the WHO, some of the main harm reduction initiatives in the prevention of HIV infections for individuals with substance abuse problems are syringe and needle programs. Over the last two decades, more and more studies have revealed new and better ways of delivering needle and syringe programs. For instance, needle exchange initiatives are executed with the aim of providing drug users with clean syringes and needle for drug injection. Medical experts have warned that hypodermic needles can carry up to twenty blood diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis B and C. One of the biggest issues with injecting is that…. [read more]


Diversity in Nursing: Synopsis Term Paper

… The researcher suggest that health care providers including nurses must act quickly to develop cultural-specific outreach programs in order to address the diverse needs of communities like that in the study.

Purden (2005) also emphasizes cultural competency in health care from a Canadian vantage in his work "Cultural considerations in interprofessional education and practice." In this article the researcher explores practice environments that encourage cultural awareness and support diversity in a health care setting. The researcher points out that a participatory action approach in nursing and health care is more likely to foster "collaboration with patients, healers and the community" (224). The researcher also suggests that teams of nurses, doctors and other health professionals work together to create an approach to health care that emphasizes…. [read more]


Physical Health of Mental Patients Using Antipsychotic Medication Essay

… Furthermore, there is a higher risk of antipsychotic induced prolactin elevation in the people who are carriers of the rs1800497 (Taq1A) A-allele of the dopamine D2 receptor gene ( Calarge et al., 2009 and Lopez-Rodriguez et al., 2011). This is due to the lower D2 receptor density in the striatum. Also, there is a possibility that the risk of increase in weight might occur by taking the antipsychotics as its use is linked to the polymorphism of the X-linked 5-HT2C serotonin receptor promoter gene rs3813929 (i.e., the absence of the T. allele) which is associated with weight gain (Reynolds et al., 2005, Risselada et al., 2011 and Ryu et al., 2007). Lastly, a relationship has been found to be present among the tragenic 5-HT2C serotonin…. [read more]


HIPAA Privacy Standards Term Paper

… ¶ … HIPAA standards help patents to protect their medical information from the general public. Every patient is entitled to their privacy when it comes to their medical records. Before the HIPAA, patients medical information was more easily obtainable without their written permission, which completely invaded their privacy. From there, the HIPAA standards have improved privacy issues for patients' medical records and their rights.

However, there are only certain circumstances that the patients cannot have access to their own medical records.

If the patient is endanger of hurting themselves, the only way that they can have access to their medical records is through the doctor. This is due to their health and physical protection.

You can ask to see and get a copy of your…. [read more]


U.S. Technology in Thai Hospitals Term Paper

… Many hospitals in 2003 are facing debt and pharmaceutical companies are no longer providing them with the medications they need to function correctly.

Currently Thailand attracts as many as half a million visitors a year seeking out medical treatments (Diongson, 2003). The visitors bring in billions of baht into the country, and Thailand is currently seeking to expand its medical capabilities and services. Southeast Asia's biggest private hospital is a 600 bed medical center in Bangkok that attracts as many as 270,000 patients each year (Diongson, 2003). The Bumrungrad offers services that include a basic checkup, X-rays and ultrasound, electrocardiogram and blood, kidney and liver tests for the reasonable price of $125 dollars, a bargain compared to rates proposed elsewhere (Diongson, 2003).

Many Thai Hospitals…. [read more]


Governmental Agency, CDC, Regulates Governs Essay

… The activities of the agency are organized into functional units or locations comprising of workers well versed in such segments. Health committees are a common strategy in addressing the various activities of the agency hence the constant alignment of the activities into such important programs. The committees normally draw representation from several support areas both from the employees and their supervisors. While recognizing the need for employee participation in decision making, the agency fosters strong commitment and support of its activities from its employees. In the same vein, the amount of influence the employees command in the agency is normally a function of their authority and expertise in their respective roles. Specialization is therefore a core concern in the management of CDC. In the countries…. [read more]


Veterans and Retirees Is Government Research Paper

… $38.9 billion is estimated to be received in FY 08 rather than $36.9 billion.

The 2006-2011 strategic plans for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) outline the government's commitment to veterans. A goal of the VA is to "deliver world-class service to veterans and their families through effective communication and management of people, technology, business processes, and financial resources" (Department of Veterans Affair, October, 2006).

The VA had significant quality issues until Dr. Kenneth Kizer was appointed Under Secretary for Health in 1994. Dr. Kizer "decentralized the VA's cumbersome health bureaucracy and held original mangers more accountable. Patients records were transferred to a system-wide computer network" (Waller, 2006). The VA has become a healthcar model (Longman, 2005; Waller, 2006).

In 2007, the VA received a…. [read more]


Hepatitis B Virus (Hbv) Infection Among Makerere Research Proposal

… ¶ … Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Infection Among Makerere University Medical Students written by Pido and Kagimu has no formal literature and provides minimal background information regarding historical literature in the area of scope and scale within the introduction and closing discussions. The introduction provides a very limited literary development while the discussion follows with a greater description, through peer reviewed literature of the importance of the research. The fact that the population of Ugandan medical students is at greater risk for the infection and transmission of HBV as well as the fact that HBV is endemic in the region are supported in these two sections and are supported by the research conducted.

The study design offers the reader a cross-sectional look at pre-clinical and…. [read more]


Prostitution With a Specific Focus Essay

… Sullivan and Jeffreys (2001) noted that myriad forms of sexual exploitation like tabletop dancing, peep shoes, bondage and discipline centers, phone sex as well as pornography have all developed in the country in ways that are more rewarding financial than ever before.

The concept of commoditizing women has therefore been noted to have intensified and has over the years become much more visible than ever before.

The forth reason as to why prostitution should never be legalized or decriminalized is because it leads to an increase in the level of clandestine, illegal and hidden street prostitution. Even though the concept of legalizing prostitution was initially aimed at removing prostitutes out of the streets, several women are noted to never register or even undergo the mandatory…. [read more]


Role of Perioperative Nurse in Informed Consent Process Dissertation

… ¶ … patients with relevant information required to make an informed decision preparatory to a medical intervention is an established ethical and legal responsibility of the healthcare community. Although specific requirements vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, it has become well established that certain procedures must be followed in any healthcare setting in order to ensure that patients fully understand the need for a proposed treatment, as well as its implications and possible alternatives, including doing nothing at all. In some cases, healthcare professionals have a formal set of procedures they are required to follow for this purpose, which is the case with nurses practicing in the United Kingdom. The purpose of the study proposed herein is to critically assess the current and expected knowledge and…. [read more]


Policy Analysis on the Oregon Death With Dignity Act Term Paper

… Policy Analysis of Oregon's Death With Dignity Act

David Gil's writings have helped the public understand the true scope of the new Oregon Assisted Suicide law, and as a result, the percentage of Americans who say that doctors should be allowed to help with suicide when the patient and the patient's family request it has doubled to 70%.

The fact that Oregon's law was a citizen's initiative that passed and other facts concerning physician-assisted suicides that have surfaced recently signal a renaissance of activism on the part of citizens who wish to change existing law on that topic. Even with the new Oregon law, it is not easy to participate, as there are requirements that make it difficult to obtain permission.

David Gil's Policy Analysis…. [read more]


Substance Abuse Treatment Analysis Essay

… The symptom of preoccupation is marked by an individual's tendency to spend a considerable amount of time thinking about, consuming, and recovering from the effects of the substance(s) of abuse. In some cases, the individual's behavior may be noticeably altered by his or her preoccupation with these matters. Such an individual may, for example, lose interest in personal relationships or may become less productive at work as a result of constant preoccupation with obtaining more of the substance of abuse.

Adverse Consequences

Examples of adverse physical consequences resulting from AOD abuse include experiencing blackouts, injury and trauma, or withdrawal symptoms or contracting an infectious disease associated with high-risk sexual behaviors. One of the most serious health threats to AOD abusers, particularly those who inject drugs…. [read more]


Tuberculosis (TB) Prevention and a TB-Treatment Intervention Term Paper

… Tuberculosis (TB) Prevention and a TB-Treatment Intervention for Males Newly Released from New York City Prison/Correctional Facility (Riker's Island)

Despite significant progress in detecting and treating tuberculosis (TB) in recent years, TB remains a significant health threat, especially among institutionalized populations such as prisons. While the experts remain divided as to the precise causes for the inordinately high incidence of TB in the nation's prisons, the reasons typically cited include the fact that prisons house higher percentages of lower socioeconomic individuals that have not had access to healthcare or that have ignored their healthcare needs prior to incarceration, including alcoholism, substance abuse patterns and a higher rate of HIV infection, all of which can promote the contraction and spread of tuberculosis. The purpose of the…. [read more]


Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments Term Paper

… " (Zoccolillo et al., 1999) Thus, the AAOD student is at a clear disadvantage in terms of successfully completing a high-school diploma and moving on to a career-oriented post-secondary education.

Additionally, high school is generally also a milieu in which the adolescent learns other non-academic life skills, including mature means of relating to peers and supervisors, responsible treatment of deadlines and priorities, and the perspective-broadening value of sports and other extracurricular interests.

Absenteeism limits the opportunities for acquiring such skills, and even while attending, the AAOD student in all likelihood will not maximize the chance to participate in meaningful relationships and activities. Playing sports while drunk or stoned, or both, obviously also risks serious injury for the student and his or her teammates.

At its…. [read more]


Cultural Competency Based on the Movie Selena Essay

… Purnell Model

The book the Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down describes the healthcare travesty of a hospital not knowing enough about the culture of its patients. Anne Fadiman wrote that book in 1998, and some changes have taken place in hospitals across the United States in terms of recognizing health disparities. Yet much more headway must take place, especially with the rapidly changing demographics that are occurring in the country and the speed of globalization that is making the world "flat." As the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD, 2000) reports, it is necessary to have an understanding of how and why certain minority and ethnic populations have better health outcomes than others, particularly given the many unfavorable circumstances of…. [read more]


Meth Addiction and Abuse Problems Research Paper

… This disorder resembles schizophrenia after they stop using methamphetamine. These symptoms last for more than 6 months and do not even respond to treatment (Barr, Panenka, MacEwan, Thornton, Lang, Honer, Lecomte, 2006).

People also develop tolerance to methamphetamine. The development of tolerance is not fully understood. However, it is know that the development is based on a cascade of mechanisms that cannot yet be fully explained. The development of tolerance, its rate and extent, vary from one individual to another. Nonetheless, it has been established that tolerance to this drug depends on its dosage, the duration of its consumption and the frequency of its use.

Methamphetamine is also known to cause short time tolerance in some individuals. This is caused because of decreased levels of…. [read more]


Policy and Procedures Supervisors Policies Company Manual

… Policy & Procedures

Supervisors Policies and Procedures Manual

Indentifying Policy Needs, Overview of Expectations for Supervisors

Supervisors Policies and Procedures Manual Outline

Issues Requiring Formal Policies

Overview Expectations of Supervisors

Measuring Employees Satisfaction, Reward System, Supervisory Communication Skills

Collaboration with other Employee Categories

Delegating Activities

Reward System

Communication Skills

Communication Improvement Strategies

Legal Considerations, Recruitment and Selection Process

Compliance with Legal Regulations

Dealing with Complaints

Employees Orientation Program

Recruitment and Selection Process

Performance Evaluations, Staff Development, Managing Workplace Conflicts

Performance Appraisals

Formal Disciplinary Process

Employee Counseling Policy

Conflict Management Policy

Workplace Safety

Indentifying Policy Needs, Overview of Expectations for Supervisors

Supervisors Policies and Procedures Manual Outline

This manual was developed both in the interest of our facility and in the interest of our employees. Therefore,…. [read more]


Dual Diagnosis Population Seminar Paper

… Population Needs and Assessment

Dual Diagnosis, Comorbidity, and Modified Therapeutic Communities

The term dual diagnosis is a term typically reserved for someone suffering from a mental disorder and a comorbid substance abuse problem, although technically the term comorbidity is more appropriate. There has been some debate in the literature surrounding the use of a single diagnostic label for a group of individuals who have a wide variety of different psychiatric diagnoses and different substance abuse issues (Evans & Sullivan, 2001). The term "comorbidity" was a term introduced in the medical field in the 1970s by an epidemiologist to describe the presence of more than one distinct different disease occurring in an individual at the same time (Feinstein, 1970). The designation of comorbid diseases assisted physicians…. [read more]


Drug Treatment Essay

… Drug Treatment:

According to the current trends in world markets, there is a stable overall level of drug abuse and use of illicit drugs. In addition to accounting for huge amounts of money annually, drug abuse contributes to drug addiction. As a result, treatment of drug addiction is regarded as one of the major ways to lessen costs associated with drug abuse. This has led to the development of several forms of treatment programs that are not only geared towards lessening drug use but also lessening the risk of infection with hepatitis and HIV (Gyarmathy & Latkin, 2008, p.1866). There are both formal and non-formal drug treatment programs that promote abstinence and help to deal with addiction.

The significance of drug treatment programs in dealing…. [read more]

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