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Sugar Obesity Research Paper

… Sugar

Obesity and the Sugar Controversies

The Culprits

Soft drinks

Corn syrup

The Government and Nutrition

Obesity

The United States and many other countries in the Western world have drastically lowered the cost of many foods over the course of several generations. Whereas total spending on food would represent a large percentage of a families total income, now it generally represents a small fraction of what the average person spends their money on. This is a result of the make that food can now be mass produced in sophisticated manufacturing environments that source raw materials through a global supply chain. Scientific advances in preserving and transporting goods across large distances has enabled food to be commoditized. There are some canned and preserved foods that can…. [read more]


High Sugar Consumption Research Paper

… High Sugar Consumption

Sugar is a natural source of energy found or added to foods and meant to be burned by metabolism or exercise (Green 2011). When ingested in moderation, it does no harm. It is over-consumption, which has been linked to health-related conditions. Among these conditions are obesity, a damaged immune system, which increases vulnerability to diseases and infections, and displacement of essential vitamins and minerals in the diet (Green).

Fructose and Obesity

Table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup are poisonous when taken in high dosage (Norris 2011). And the high consumption of sugar is behind the rise in the incidence of obesity in our time. These were the conclusions made by pediatric neuro-endocrinologist Robert Lustig of the University of California in San Francisco…. [read more]


Sugar Value Chain More Labels Research Paper

… These jobs allow quality of life for individuals and their families, and thus employment is one of the most fundametnal social consequences our institutions and political systems can generate for their constituents. Of course firms consume many inputs that are as diverse as the number of processes and companies in production.

A critical observer would not find much exaggeration in the claim that there is no culture, or in the developed world perhaps no individual household, that is not affected by the political economy of some 170 million metric tons of global refined sugar production, as the 1.8 trillion tonnes (thousand billions) of raw cane and beet crop makes its way through the global value chain to the final product on the grocery store shelf.…. [read more]


Consumption of a Carbohydrate Performance Essay

… It was further found that fat, but not carbohydrates were important in preventing a drop in blood glucose concentration during fasting exercise (Van Proeyen, Scluficik, & Nielens, 2011b).

Ramadan is a Muslim holiday that involves partial fasting for a long period of time. In a study that examined Muslim men in this fasted state, it was found that subjects in a fed state were able to outperform those in a fasted state in a 1 hour endurance run (Aziz, Wahid, & Prig, 2010). Differences in individuals varied but the differences were significant. The studies demonstrate the effects of fasting on its ability to decrease endurance. High fat diets were found to be more effective in preventing muscle degradation than high carbohydrate diets. The studies will…. [read more]


Sugar Substitutes Sweet but Deadly? Research Paper

… The effect of sugar substitutes on weight control was controversial for a while. A 1986 British study claimed that those who consumed aspartame-sweetened water increased the appetite more than those who drank plain water. But this finding was debunked by those of other studies, which suggested that the consumption of aspartame or other sugar substitutes did not increase the appetite. A Harvard Medical School study even suggested that these substitutes are helpful to those who wish to control their weight. The study participants were overweight women with similar weights during a four-month multidisciplinary weight reduction program. The women were grouped into two, one which consumed aspartame-sweetened products and another, which avoided the products. Both groups lost similar amounts of weight during the program but those…. [read more]


High School Campus Violence Term Paper

… Because randomization is not possible, choose a control group that is similar to the experimental group prior to your intervention.

This study would ideally take place over an extended period of time. The rates of violence would be monitored in the school of choice, as well as in neighboring schools in the district. Also, these rates would be compared to the number of incidents of campus violence from years past. In the chosen school, the cafeteria and vending machines would be stripped of all high-sugar and caffeine containing foods and beverages. For additional data collection, students could be surveyed regarding their sugar and caffeine consumption outside of the school cafeteria.

6) what new knowledge do you think your study will add to the extant literature?…. [read more]


High Schools Wake Up by Paul Research Proposal

… ¶ … High Schools Wake Up by Paul D. Houston

In his 2002 article, Dr. Houston examines the relationship between the lack of sleep that is epidemic among U.S. high school students and poor academic performance.

According to Houston, the vast majority of American high school students get up at 6:30

AM and lack of sleep affects their ability to concentrate in school and to absorb information very negatively. Houston correctly points out that very few high school students get the minimum amount of sleep necessary for them because they typically stay up as late as midnight on school nights, either doing homework, preparing for tests, or just socializing with their friends by telephone, text messaging, or via computer instant messaging or e-mail.

Houston explains…. [read more]


Sugar's Effects and Relation to Diabetes Essay

… Suffering from diabetes is essentially like someone pouring diesel in a gas-only tank: it will not end well.

Other effects of getting diabetes include gastroparesis, which occurs when the body fails to regulate blood sugar levels effectively—in turn food is not removed from the stomach in an efficient and timely manner and the person experiences bloating, nausea and heartburn (all symptoms of gastroparesis). The pancreas, of course, may stop producing insulin altogether. The individual is likely to suffer from a need to urinate excessively, may have kidney damage, will almost certainly have blood vessel damage because of the overwhelming amount of glucose in the bloodstream, and may experience ketoacidosis, which can be deadly. Nerve damage, dry skin and poor circulation in the feet (along…. [read more]


Sugar and Salt Term Paper

… ¶ … cultural views on sugar and salt. It will examine the historical roots for those views and discuss how they have changed over time. Sugar and salt are two of the basic foods in most of the world's diets, and in modern times, these two very different foods cause fear and many people limit them for health reasons. Sugar and salt are building blocks of diet and nutrition, but too much of them can go a long way in ruining a healthy diet. They helped create and maintain entire cultures, but today, they are simply taken for granted as items we find easily on the grocery shelves.

Salt is one of the most basic minerals in the world, and yet it is one of…. [read more]


Ingredient Research This List Will Provide Information Research Paper

… Ingredient Research

This list will provide information about each of the ingredients below, and will state the health benefits and risks associated with each ingredient.

Organic Oleic Safflower Oil:

The safflower, or Carthamus Tinctorius, is an annual plant that is related to the sunflower. This plant looks much like a thistle and develops warm-hued flowers, which dry then drop, much like sunflowers, and expose safflower seeds. These seeds are high in oils, and can be either removed to be treated or left on the flower. If removed to be treated, they are dried and processed. Eventually, they are pressed into oil and then classified into two types of cooking oils: monosaturated and polysaturated. The organic component of this oil is important in that it provides…. [read more]


Efficacy of High Protein Low Term Paper

… 55 kilograms and 4.5 kilograms more than people on the standard high-carbohydrate approach. He noted another factor that came in as a surprise- the Atkins dieters' cholesterol levels also improved. Although the bad cholesterol went up seven points, their good cholesterol rose almost 12. Correspondingly in the high-carbohydrate dieters though the bad cholesterol went down slightly the good cholesterol remained unchanged. Yet another improvement was seen in triglycerides as the Atkins dieters' reduced by 22 points. The fact that Atkins diet reduces the triglycerides, thereby increasing the cardiovascular health has also been extensively researched and established [Yancy, Bakst, Bryson, et al., 2001]

Two studies had been reported in the 'New England Journal of Medicine' provide additional evidence that Atkins diet possibly was more effective for…. [read more]


Alcohol Consumption Actually Depresses the Central Nervous Term Paper

… Alcohol consumption actually depresses the central nervous system, and although it is not a stimulant, individuals who drink alcohol appear stimulated, as speech become free and animated and social inhibitions become lax (Dunlap). However, the occurrence of these effects are due to the fact that alcohol affects the parts of the brain that control judgment, thus the "stimulation" that occurs with alcohol consumption is basically due to a depression of self-control (Dunlap). Depending on what type of alcohol, how much and how quickly an individual consumes the drink, alcohol slows down brain activity, resulting in slurred speech, slowed reaction time, impaired vision and hearing, impaired thinking and memory, and muscle weakness (Dunlap).

Although alcohol is classified as a food, it is not digested but rather…. [read more]


Sugar Industry the United States Term Paper

… However, sugar processors receive many short-term loans while the government continues to block imports through tariffs. These programs and loan options have many critics. The United States consumer is now being forced to pay more than existing world market prices. Other complaints of the existing systems are that domestic growers consistently grow more than government limits causing excessive spending to purchase excess sugar. Political jokes abound because to the fact that the sugar industry's contributions are paying their own subsidies

Conclusion

In conclusion, this report focused on Sucrose -- better known as sugar. The United States is not a big player in the 160 thousand metric ton market. Brazil, India and the European Union are consistently listed as the largest producers. The bulk of commercial…. [read more]


Converting Sugar Into Fuel Research Proposal

… Converting Sugar Into Fuel

Man's body is a machine and an extremely efficient one. This machine also requires fuel to keep it going just like other man-made machines. Plants take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and convert it into carbohydrate or sugar in the presence of sunshine and water molecules. Variations of this basic process serve as the source of fuel for all life forms on this planet. Therefore, if sugar, one of the key ingredients of Mountain Dew, can provide energy to our body machine for its workings, it should be able to do the same for man-made machines as well. (Process to Turn Biomass Derived Sugar into Fuel) Scientists have been investigating this possibility for years so as to provide a cheaper,…. [read more]


High Fiber Diet Research Proposal

… Fiber

The Nutrition Source: Fiber Start Roughing it! Retrieved Mar 31, 2009 at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/fiber-full-story/index.html

The Harvard School of Public Health (2009) publishes a series of nutrition-related guides. One guide details the health effects of fiber. Although aimed at a general consumer audience, the "Fiber: Start Roughing it!" guide does include multiple references to empirical research related to the health benefits and effects of consuming a diet high in fiber. The introduction summarizes the different types of fiber (soluble and insoluble). The body of the report addresses specific health issues including colon cancer, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, diverticular disease, and constipation. The Harvard School of Public Health concludes with a "bottom line" list of recommendations for how many grams per day of fiber to include…. [read more]


High Blood Pressure Hypertension and pharmacology Term Paper

… Surveys are not perfect but they are essential for finding information about people who are not aware that they have hypertensive condition, or those who do not comply with medical advice. In the past, countries have conducted national health surveys on a large scale to establish the hypertension prevalence and treatment along with the risk factor for CVD. The surveys can be used to make international comparisons which can, in turn, help to improve strategies for public health in the prevention of damage to target organs (Wolf-Maier et al., 2013).
Treatment 1
Medical treatment initiation should be undertaken in hospitals. Indication of antihypertensives is done at blood sugar levels equal or greater than 1700mm Hg with systolic and/or diastolic pressure that is greater or equal…. [read more]


Heart Attacks Are Due to Sweets Essay

… Added Sugar Leads to Heart Disease

There are numerous health problems that individuals in the 50-year-old range are well acquainted with in contemporary times. Some of them relate to factors that they have little control over. Some people might fall and injure various parts of their bodies, while others might live in certain parts of the country in which pollutions and intoxicants are prevalent and equally as harmful. Yet there are also some health issues that pertain to people in this population that they have a fair amount of control over. Virtually everyone at this stage of their adult lives has control over what they eat and how they eat it. Additionally, most people in this population have equal access to information about the effects…. [read more]


Cholesterol & Hypercholesterolemia Treatment Thesis

… Those with abnormal levels (total cholesterol more than 200 mg/dL or HDL less than 40 mg/dL), will go on to have a test called fasting lipid profile (in which the person being tested refrains from eating for 8 to 12 hours, usually overnight, prior to the test) (Anderson et al., 2001). The fasting test will indicate whether or not total cholesterol levels fall within the normal range (between 140 and 200 mg/dL), are moderately high (between 200 and 240 mg/dL), or if they are in the very high range (240 mg/dL or greater) (Anderson et al., 2001). This blood test also reveals the levels of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides; according to guidelines released by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), the optimal level for LDL…. [read more]


Medicine Yogurt Consumption Lowers Colorectal Research Paper

… 001/0.002). Interestingly, the fat content of the yogurt did not alter the protective effect.

When the results were stratified using the three models, men appear to obtain the greatest protective effect from consuming yogurt (Table 3). The data did not reveal any evidence indicating gender modifies the association between yogurt consumption and colorectal cancer risk. When the results were stratified by type of cancer, only colon cancer reached significance, more so for men (HR = 0.36) than women (HR = 0.69). Even though rectal cancer didn't reach statistical significance, the trend was in favor of a small protective effect.

Summary

The authors of this study (Pala et al., 2011) saw a need in the research literature to determine whether yogurt provides protection against colorectal cancer…. [read more]


Diabetes and Obesity Thesis

… (Laska et al., 2011)

Both ignorance and laziness are often cited as the reasons that people are overweight or obese: Perhaps the most common cultural narrative about overweight people is that they are heavier than would be healthiest for them because they are too lazy to exercise.

However, the students surveyed by Laska et al. As well as the students at Hostos Community College are neither uneducated nor lazy. Indeed, it is more how busy they are than how lazy they are that seems to be at the root of weight problems for many of them.

Proposed Research

The above cited research along with preliminary research that I have gathered about students from Hostos Community College suggest the direction that a future comprehensive study of…. [read more]


Solar Juice Timeline the Business Essay

… Solar Juice

Timeline

The business plan calls for an initial time to launch of four months, and then at that point we will focus on building the business for that fourth month. The last two months of this six-month plan are likely to be dedicated to building the plans for the second juice trucks. This is important -- we hope to be able to expand to four trucks over the course of the first year, so two in the first school year and then two more for the following autumn.

Register the business, secure initial financing, find truck, draw up list of schools to target and evaluation criteria. Design the truck. Sketch out the menu. Develop accounting system (software purchase).

Select target schools + initiate…. [read more]


Protein the Benefits and Risks Research Paper

… The best sources -- fish, meat, dairy, beans -- aren't as quick or convenient as most carbs or even fruits and veggies. 'Traditional protein sources aren't usually grab and go. And if they are, they're often fried or unhealthy,' says nutrition expert Angela Ginn, R.D., a spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association." (Yeager, p. 1)

This is why, Yeager says, not only is the high-protein diet hard to maintain, but many women don't even get the daily recommended amount of protein in their current diets. Naturally, dieting and the denial of food cravings only magnifies this protein deficiency. Therefore, it may be instructive to consider some of the best sources of protein that can be easily incorporated into one's everyday diet. Lean turkey or chicken…. [read more]


Vending Machine Businsess Plan Marketing Business Plan

… More and more college students (as well as the population in general) are using blogs and other forms of social media as a way to communicate their thoughts and feelings about products. The company could reach out to student bloggers or high-volume Twitter users and ask for them to give a review of using the vending machines. Rather than a paid advertisement, encouraging students to offer their honest, unvarnished opinions (with possible compensation for the price of one 'meal' on the company's part) creates a perception that 'real people' like the product.

Customer service

Free samples on campus to reviewers and to students in general through give-aways, 'free' days, and vouchers in freshman welcome packets will create positive feelings in the customer base. It is…. [read more]


Borderless Society a History Essay

… That's according to research done by Christopher L. Weber and H. Scott Matthews of Carnegie Mellon University, who argued in a 2007 study (Food-Miles and the Climate Impacts of Freight Transportation in American Food Consumption) that if you're trying to limit your food's carbon footprint, it is better to eat lower on the food chain than to eat local" (Boyd 2009). But even many varieties of fish are factory-farmed, thanks to increased demand for fish in a manner that requires abundant natural resources.

Regardless, buying locally may not be a viable solution to the dilemma of sustainability. "Economists have long recognized the welfare gains from specialization and trade. The case for specialization is perhaps nowhere stronger than in agriculture, where the costs of production depend…. [read more]


Childhood Obesity Research Paper

… 629).

In conclusion, there are no known benefits for a child that is overweight or obese, but as this paper points out, there are many negatives associated with overweight and obesity. The fact that so many young children in the U.S. are obese is of great concern to healthcare professionals, because obesity during childhood often means greater health negatives later in life. The costs of treating people with diabetes, heart conditions, and other problems that result from obesity is enormous and puts an additional burden on the healthcare industry. While researchers are trying to find out what steps to take to reduce the crisis of obese children, parents should encourage their children to play outside and get plenty of exercise, and to eat healthy foods…. [read more]


Child Obesity Term Paper

… Childhood Obesity

The problem of overweight children in the United States has increased dramatically in the last several years and some claim has reached near epidemic proportions. The problem has doubled in the past 20 years as the percentage of overweight children has increased from 6.5% in 1980 to 15.3% in the year 2000 (Centers for Disease Control, 2000). During the same period, the percentage of overweight adolescents tripled from 5% in 1980 to an alarming rated of 15.5% in 2000 (Centers for Disease Control, 2000). As will be discussed later in this paper, the consequences of this increase in obesity among children will have a significant impact on the health of these children not only presently but also as this generation of children age.…. [read more]


Solar Powered Juice Truck Project Business Proposal

… The quantitative measurement will be a random count or regular basis of the number of children within school that have stopped taking sodas and other soft drinks and resorted to the SPJT products and water. This will be an accumulative approach with questionnaires given out randomly during the once every two years evaluation. This will give the rough number of sodas being taken at the beginning of the SPJT project and subsequent change in quantities over years to the tenth year.

The qualitative measurement will on the other hand give the implied or experienced health benefits of changing from the sodas to the SPJT healthy products. This data will be obtained from the children who will have revealed that they changed from the regular sodas…. [read more]


United States Has the Highest Essay

… However, 78% of sentences imposed by United States federal courts in 2005 involved incarceration, whereas 3% of sentences involved only fines and in 2004 70% of convicted felons in state courts were sentenced to incarceration. Essentially, in the United States people are more likely to be sentenced to prison for federal and drug offenses than other countries and these sentences are lengthier in duration. A person sentenced in the United States for burglary will serve about 16 months in prison, whereas in Canada they will serve about 5 months and in England about 7 months. In England only 12% of prisoners, compared to 41% in the United States have been sentenced to 10 years or more. Six percent of prisoners in England convicted of drug…. [read more]


Dietary Fiber and Whole Grains Essay

… Dietary Fiber and Whole Grains

Dietary fiber (herein referred to as DF) stands for the complex polymers with not less than ten carbohydrate monomers that leave the human small intestines unhydrolyzed (Cui and Roberts, as cited in Kasapis, Norton, and Ubbink 400). Carbohydrates either occur naturally in consumed food, in the form of minerals and vitamins, or are chemically obtained from the cell walls of plants. The latter take the form of antioxidants and phytochemicals, and have been shown to have significant health benefits (Cui and Roberts, as cited in Kasapis, Norton, and Ubbink 400). Studies have demonstrated "that consumption of dietary fiber and whole grain intake is inversely related to obesity, type two diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease (CVD)" (Lattimer and Haub 1267). Although…. [read more]


Home Front During WWII America Essay

… World War II Home Front

The Home Front

World War II was a conflict which raged across the planet, from Europe to the Pacific, and everywhere in between. Battles were fought in thousands of places that no one had ever heard of, and many Americans died in places they did not even know existed. While there were many battle fronts, one of the least remembered but most important fronts was at home. While American soldiers fought across the globe, American society was working diligently to support those soldiers. The government took on greater importance than ever before and instituted new programs and projects that were meant to help win the war. While many of the things done by the government may not have been moral,…. [read more]

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