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USA World Bank Thesis

… USA World Bank Case Study

From the development of new psychological treatments to the selection of the President of the United States, statistics have been used throughout history in order to cast predictions that helped progress the scientific, social, and political climate of the world. In addition to their traditional niche in scientific genres such as psychology, medicine, and political science, statistics have recently been used to aid the research and development of products and services in the business community. Although statistics can be extraordinarily beneficial to fields from medicine to business, they can also be misleading. By choosing an insufficient sample, allowing data to lapse, or making a myriad of other errors, companies and researchers can come up with data that they believe is…. [read more]


History of ED Theory and Philosophy in US Schools Term Paper

… Educational theory and Philosophy in U.S. schools

Educational Theory and Philosophy during 1950's

During the 1950s one of the concentrations for most of the educational theories were the existing "isms" and how they coincided with education. Some of the most common "isms" were "experimentalism," "re-constructionism" and "progressivism" and these were directly proportional to any educational analysis. However, most researchers that also took into account some of the universal theories or "isms" like "cultural relationism," "logical positivism," "pragmatism" and "transcendental realism." It was, however, in 1952 that the most innovative and fascinating piece on the relation of existentialism and education was written by Brameld along with the mutual input of a group of graduate students like Maxine Green and Robert Ennis from the dept of educational…. [read more]


History of Crime and Punishment Term Paper

… In spite of the utopianism of Rousseau, the rest had a sense of reality. Reason is still primary, but it is not rebellious or bloodthirsty. Only in society could man realize his full potential. They believed in the social function of knowledge. Except for Rousseau, none of the philosophes agitated for a radical transformation of society. All of them, like Voltaire, protected enlightened absolutism.

Montesquieu published his Spirit of the Laws in 1748. He expressed here real detestation of despotism, clericalism and slavery. Being a member of the petit noblesse, he called for an "intermediary corps" and fundamental laws to temper the monarchy. His former colleague magistrates called it restitution of the ancient constitution. Therefore, he influenced both the aristocratic reactionaries who wanted to revitalize…. [read more]


Evolution of Rhetoric and Rhetorical Theory Term Paper

… History Of Rhetoric

Rhetoric and rhetorical theory has been evolving and changing since Aristotle first wrote On Rhetoric, and this process continues to this day. Changes in rhetorical theory have largely coincided with developments in other areas of philosophy and critical thought, but one cannot consider the evolution of rhetorical theory to be a straightforward process, because contemporary theorists are still grapple with many of the same questions and issues first proposed by Aristotle, because each new contribution to the field forces a reevaluation of everything that came before.

Utilizing an eclectic approach to the history of rhetoric with an explicit goal of avoiding the biases inherent in the majority of rhetorical texts prior to the last thirty years, this essay considers the evolution of…. [read more]


Kuhn James Pierce Popper Descartes Al-Ghazali Essay

… Philosophy of Truth

One of the most intriguing and long-standing debates in philosophy is exactly what is worthy of philosophical consideration and debate, and what should be dismissed as futile and meaningless sophistry. For skeptics of both the rational and empirical schools, true and certain knowledge (in the traditional senses of these words) can never really be attained, and metaphysical pursuits that attempt to determine the amount and/or level of certainty available through human thought are largely pointless. Positivists lie at the other extreme, believing that certain truths can be considered absolute and that other conjectures built from these truths can also be established with certainty. There are many philosophers and a wide panoply of philosophical views on the nature and achievability of truth that…. [read more]


History and Philosophy of Social Work in the US Term Paper

… ¶ … Philosophy of Social Work in the U.S.

The basic concerns of social welfare - poverty, disability and disease, the dependent young and elderly - are as old as civilized society itself. The means by which these concerns are addressed were once limited only by the laws of survival. Sharing another person's burden meant weakening one's own standing in the struggle of daily existence. However, as societies evolved, the dependence between members increased, so, as individuals became vulnerable, the society as a whole was affected, and systematic responses to disrupting factors were introduced.

Since the needs and the ability to provide for those needs are different in each society, there is no universal solution to the welfare problem. In some countries there is a…. [read more]


Social Theory Term Paper

… However, answering what this means should also be done in a historical context. The seven widely accepted features of what is considered to be the phenomenological approach have already been noted above by Wilson (2002). Phenomenology, however, began in the various philosophical reflections of an individual named Edmund Husserl back in the 1890s in Germany (Embree, 1997). Because of this, phenomenology to over 100 years old.

It began to spread before the First World War and had already made its way to Russia, Japan, and Spain by that time (Embree, 1997). In addition to this, it moved out of philosophy to a certain extent and into the realm of psychiatry (Embree, 1997). In the 1920s it began to spread rapidly and moved to France, Australia,…. [read more]


European Union a State Research Paper

… Whereas, the democracy provided by the EU is mainly "with the people" and "for the people" and is mostly done through this vast process of the intermediation of the interest; this is also known as "Community Model" (Schmidt and Monnet, 2004).

Because of such a fragmented democracy the legitimization of EU has been questioned as, EU is compared to the nation-states, whereas, if EU was considered as a regional state the lack of democracy that is sometimes observed at the EU level won't seem as much troublesome as it is mostly presented. But the national democracy's problem turns out to be really big with regards to the EU; however, the effect of EU on the member state's traditional working is great because of the shortage…. [read more]


United States Has the Highest Essay

… However, 78% of sentences imposed by United States federal courts in 2005 involved incarceration, whereas 3% of sentences involved only fines and in 2004 70% of convicted felons in state courts were sentenced to incarceration. Essentially, in the United States people are more likely to be sentenced to prison for federal and drug offenses than other countries and these sentences are lengthier in duration. A person sentenced in the United States for burglary will serve about 16 months in prison, whereas in Canada they will serve about 5 months and in England about 7 months. In England only 12% of prisoners, compared to 41% in the United States have been sentenced to 10 years or more. Six percent of prisoners in England convicted of drug…. [read more]


Philosophy of Education Philosophies of Education Evolve Term Paper

… Philosophy of Education

Philosophies of education evolve in response to social and political changes. Moreover, philosophies of education reflect shifts in personal and collective consciousness, which also impacts the form and function of schools. Educators who practice their profession in accordance with their loftiest goals embolden our profession, enabling a plurality of voices to shine. At the same time, the shared features of an educational philosophy will maximize the potential of school systems in mediating conflicts. Even amid the plurality currently extant in education and in educational policy, it is possible to outline core values that can and should become normative. For example, philosophies of inclusion and egalitarianism should always define educational institutions even when these ideals are not entirely possible in practice. Transcendentalism and…. [read more]


Compare and Contrast the Differing Definitions of Critical Term Paper

… ¶ … integrating critical as well as thinking. But several earlier conceptualizations try to concentrate primarily on the process of thinking and avoid its important qualifier, i.e of critical. Hence they tend to give over importance to the process of thinking and reduce the importance of critical aspects. Encouraging and facilitating the process of critical thinking of students is now being considered as an increasingly significant objective for higher education. Analyzing the element of critical thinking of students is important for estimating its progress. (Cheung; Kwan; Yue, 2002) Those whose education have not trained them to deal critically with issues as well as conflicts are in fact not being enabled to interact efficiently with other people, whether be it be the same or varied from…. [read more]


Philosophies Embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa Identity Crisis or a Great Philosopher Essay

… Pessoa

"The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?"

Heteronym

The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?

The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?

Introduction of Fernando Pessoa; his Life, Work and Background

Fernando Pessoa (1888 -- 1935) was a poet who wrote using various "heteronyms" or literary alter egos. However, as will be discussed, these were not alter egos in the conventional sense but were in fact separate entities that the writer claimed existed and informed his existential and artistic experience. This becomes clear from the fact that "Pessoa devoted his life to conferring substance to each alter ego, giving each…. [read more]


Influence of Women on the Progress of Knowledge Dissertation

… ¶ … Henry Thomas Buckle's original 1858 discourse concerning the contributions of women to the progress of knowledge to determine how relevant these concepts remain today, and to expand on his origins premise that although women reason differently from men, the contributions to the progress of knowledge made by women over the centuries are worthy of further study today. To this end, the study examines different types of knowledge and how women have affected progress in these domains through a critical review of the relevant literature, including open source media such as Wikipedia, but peer-reviewed and scholarly sources as well. A summary of the research and a synthesis of the findings are presented in the study's conclusion concerning the contributions of women to the progress…. [read more]


History Education Term Paper

… Theories

Tactics

Methods and Techniques

A Specific Method

DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS, and RECOMMENDATIONS

Results for the Same

Examples of Voices Singing a Canon

The Project Life Cycle

Project Management Puzzle Parts

Map of More and Less Developed Countries

Criteria for LDCs

Selected Economic and Social Indicators for LDCs (2005)

"GREAT" MINDS in MUSIC

"Great music is in a sense serene; it is certain of the values it asserts."

-Rebecca West (Simpson)

Contrary to the consensus some students purport, a thesis does not constitute a torture tactic designed by professors to traumatize students. In fact, according to Teitelbaum (1), "The thesis paper, when carefully assigned and conscientiously done, has definite value." Professors usually assign the thesis paper as a major component of a course requirement. The researched…. [read more]


Plato, Marx, and Critical Thought Term Paper

… In theory, socialism has several observable benefits. For one, the equality of humankind presents itself as an important theme. The capitalistic bourgeois/proletariat relationship that exists is destroyed. Consequently, the exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeois is non-existent. Work now takes on a different meaning -- instead of being the result of greed and necessity, work becomes a means of helping and interacting with society. In the truest form of communism, acquiring wealth is an unnecessary evil -- instead society provides the individual with an adequate standard of living and vice versa.

Ultimately, an ideal communist state is practically a Utopia. Marx clearly predicted that a state of Utopia would form with a transition from communism. (Marx detailed steps to reaching Utopia include: primitive socialism…. [read more]


Interventionism From the Perspective Case Study

… These studies serve as the foundation for this present analysis.

Other studies have shown that foreign military intervention can easily be conducted even if they are in violation of the United Nations charter and lack authorization of the Security Council (Cassese 1999). This shows that countries can and do act on their own in engaging in interventionism. The motives for doing so are what this study plans to investigate.

A number of Western countries support humanitarian interventionism but they have not yet intervened in Syria. The reality behind humanitarian interventionism is that there are clear political, geopolitical, and economical consequences to every foreign intervention. Intervention is not merely a humanitarian crusade but rather a highly explosive affair that can cripple countries' infrastructures and have global…. [read more]


Diversity in the UAE Today Research Proposal

… Methodology

The proposed study will use a qualitative research philosophy and methodology to develop informed answers to the above-stated research questions. Qualitative researchers have a number of different methodologies available, including case studies, ethnographies, phenomenological studies, grounded theory studies, as well as content and narrative analyses (Neuman 2003). In particular, content analysis has been applied to the study of diversity, either as a goal of government policy or how diversity is perceived by a country's citizenry (Voakes & Kapfer 2007).

Research Approach

Despite a lack of a universally accepted definition of diversity, many of the studies of diversity to date have typically defined diversity as being the respective percentages of ethnic minorities or women in a given organization or other population (Voakes & Kapfer 2007).…. [read more]


Gothic Literature Art Term Paper

… When we read the literature of the Victorian age, we must be attuned to the importance of the senses. The important authors of this era were fascinated by the ways in which their characters (and we assume also they themselves) were linked to the world through the use of their senses and that sensory information could be counted upon to be reliable in a way that few other things might be in a world in so much flux.

A reliance on empiricism, on what one's own experiences in the world taught one about that world, runs as a dominant theme through Victorian literature. We see this rather lavish attention to sensory detail in the 19th century's affair with Romanticism, which developed both in relationship to…. [read more]


Iranian and Global Nuclear Realism Essay

… The real issue of the progressive advancement of nuclear technologies and the emergence of the Stutnex is more troubling, however. The U.S., the EU or players like Saudi Arabia actually using or supporting these kinds of cyber attacks can be destabilizing to many of their allies. Like an Avatar in a videogame, the attack can come from anywhere and be launched by anyone. But even if the aggressor is just a larger multinational, there is no way to know what the results could be. As mentioned, right now it appears that the Stutnex is aimed at just Iran, which has to make it worry about whether it will still be in the power game in the future. But other countries could well worry in their…. [read more]


History of American Drug Policies Term Paper

… Drug Policies

MAJOR POLICIES

History of American Drug Policies

This paper is about the history of the non-medical use of drugs. It is interesting to note than in the early 1900s there were far more people addicted to drugs in this country than there are today (Whitebread, 1999). Estimations reveal that between two and five percent of the entire adult population of the United States was addicted to drugs in 1900.

There were two main reasons for this dramatic level of drug addiction (Whitebread, 1999). The first was the use of morphine and its various derivatives in legal medical operations. People received morphine as a painkiller during an operation and after the operation. They often came out of the hospital addicted to morphine. In addition,…. [read more]


Leadership Skills Impact International Education Term Paper

… However, many people do not understand what leadership is and how it applies to the school environment. In their 1997 study of visionary companies, James Collins and Jerry Porras define leaders as people who "displayed high levels of persistence, overcame significant obstacles, attracted dedicated people, influenced groups of people toward the achievement of goals, and played key roles in guiding their companies through crucial episodes in their history."

This definition is very much in line with the definitions currently used for school leaders, although this definition has changed in recent years (Education Week, 2004). Until recent years, most research assumed that leadership did not have to come from the school principal (Riordan, 2003). The realization that improving instruction requires shifts in the behavior of school…. [read more]


Tomorrow / Bright Before Us Term Paper

… In this way Locke emphasizes the hope of the Harlem Renaissance by basing the concept of race on culture and a function of intellect, rather than as a passive result of nature. Thus the Negro transcends the imposed concept of natural inheritence to instead focus on the self-generating concept of cultural inheritance.

It is from this argument that Locke derives the idea of race that is attached to meanings given by human beings in a sociocultural context rather than by nature. Locke combines this concept with physical science when he addresses the race issue in his essay, "The Problem of Race Classification." Here he reveals the shortcomings of science to provide proper criteria according to which race can be classified. Instead Locke stands by the…. [read more]


Montessori Schools the Child Essay

… However, many of the principles developed by Montessori were eventually adopted by main stream school settings. However, for the most part, many schools still rely on coercion and control methods to try to encourage children to participate in the learning activities. Montessori knew that this method of teaching did not work, and that it led to resentment and resistance in children.

Montessori and her methods were ahead of her time. Support for the Montessori method of teaching continues to grow and the popularity of Montessori schools continues to grow. The reason why they continue to grow is because they work and the results of the program are consistent. Montessori method acts with the natural learning mechanisms of the child, not against it. This is perhaps…. [read more]


Personal Nursing Philosophy Essay

… There are literally thousands of environmental factors which directly and indirectly affect human health, from "the air we breathe, the climate or weather we experience, the food we eat, the water we drink;" every aspect of the environment in which we live affects the human body's proper functioning in one way or another. Sudden changes or imbalances in a person's physical environment will affect the individual greatly because diverse environmental factors affect the distribution, severity, diversity and persistence of diseases process and other health effects. For example, in developed countries, malaria kills one million people every year, and people that live in the most polluted cities are lost because of chronic exposure to pollution. Thus environmental matter and nurses are directly involved in providing a…. [read more]


High School Sports Impact on Student Academics Thesis

… But the NCAA reserves the right to overrule principals' decisions. The NCAA's modest response followed meetings with national education groups, including AASA. The Minnesota Association of School Administrators has submitted to AASA for consideration a resolution that states it is not the NCAA's role to dictate course content to high schools.



The U.S. Department of Justice also has challenged the NCAA for automatically rejecting courses involving special education services. Some students who had attained acceptable college entrance test scores despite their disability were not allowed to participate as freshmen because they had taken high school courses involving special education assistance. The NCAA argued in several court cases that it does not have to follow the Americans with Disabilities Act. After months of…. [read more]


Comparison Between South Africa and the United States Term Paper

… African Studies

Racial Policy:

The United States and South Africa

There are many points of comparison between the United States of America and the Republic of South Africa. Both countries were settled by European colonists who established control over a native population. Both nations today contain a large Black population. In the case of the United States, it was the European colonists who imported large numbers of slaves from Africa. In the instance of South Africa, it was the Europeans who came to dominate a population that consisted overwhelmingly of native Black Africans. The original inhabitants of the United States - the Native Americans - were either exterminated or marginalized, while White Europeans and their Black slaves came to constitute almost the entire population of…. [read more]


Incentives and Performance Kopelman, R Research Paper

… In order these include: faith in people, charismatic leadership, working through family conflict, movies and television, and then reading as part of their continuum scale. Interestingly, most were not overly motivated by fiscal means, after a certain level of expectations and comfort was achieved.

All in all, the study is robust, understandable, and in general appropriate for the audience and topic. The authors realized that more work needs to be done; there are some holes in the study. For instance, do work groups that have managers who score higher in the XY range engender certain behaviors that become part of that group's culture? Or, is it the managerial assumptions that tend to synthesize the group into further generalizations on the continuum? Whatever the case, the…. [read more]


Arbitration in Saudi Arabia and in the United States of America Research Proposal

… Arbitrator's comparative study between Saudi Arabia and the U.S. A.

Historically, the technique of arbitration as a means to resolve disputes in Saudi Arabia has been underused. But, since no proper system for reporting cases of arbitration exists in the country, statistical information on number of such cases and nationality of involved parties is virtually unobtainable. Several arbitration cases comprising Saudi parties occur outside of the country -- foreign arbitration laws administer them (Zegers & Elzorkany 1; Janahi 43).

In the U.S., statutory framework for enforcing arbitration awards and arbitration agreements is provided by the American Arbitration Act (AAA). U.S. Supreme Court rulings in the past numerous decades see to it that the pro-arbitration directive of the AAA should be construed broadly and applied universally…. [read more]


History of Espionage Class Reading Essay

… History Of Espionage Class Reading Study Guides

Jeffrey Burds, Chapter 19 of World of the Shadows: An International History of Espionage (The Golden Age of Soviet "Illegals")

This chapter opens with a quote from Stalin, who in 1937 questioned the prevailing belief that bourgeoisie states would refrain from sending "spies, wreckers, saboteurs and assassins" into socialist states.

Chapter 19 then moves to a discussion of the so-called "Cambridge Five," a group of five British nationals who spied for the Soviets during WWII.

Donald Maclean (1915-1983), Foreign Office secretary, Paris, Washington, Cairo, London.

Guy Francis de Moncy Burgess (1910-1963), BBC broadcaster, agent in MI6, secretary to Deputy Foreign Minister

Harold Adrian Russell ("Kim") Philby (1912-1988), journalist, agent in MI6, "The Third Man"

Anthony F. Blunt (1907-1983),…. [read more]


Convicted Felons Return to the Community Research Paper

… Convicted Felons Return to the Community

Deviance is both a sociological and psychological component of the human organism that expresses itself in numerous ways at numerous times. Further, if we look back at the way philosophers have defined abnormality and deviance, from Plato through Kant and into the 20th century, we find that there are really three classifications of abnormality and within these three classifications a variance on a continuum of low to high:

Perceived harmfulness -- usually to society as a whole (Plato) or to the actualization of the individual (Kant).

The degree of social consensus about whether the action is abnormal or deviant; what real harm is done? Is this utilitarian -- the most harm to the most people qualifies as the most…. [read more]

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