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History of John Adams and His Role With the Declaration of Independence Term Paper

… History of John Adams and his role with the Declaration of Independence.

John Adams and his role in the Declaration of Independence

John Adams was the second President of the United States after George Washington and is also remembered in our history for the important role that he played in the Declaration of Independence. He was a participant in the majority the events leading to the founding of the new nation from the Seven Years War until to the end of the 18th century. (McCullough) as one commentator states, the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence that Americans celebrate would not be possible "... If it weren't for the actions of a frequently ignored Founding Father?

John Adams" (Leopold).

Historically we know a great deal…. [read more]


Thomas Jefferson and the Declaration Term Paper

… The Southern colonies which depended on slavery for agriculture were unwilling to take part in founding a new country which would endanger their economy and so slavery was set aside to be dealt with at a later date. If it were not, then the southern delegates refused to vote in favor of independence, in which case there would have not been enough favorable votes. It was a harsh blow to those who saw the unfairness of slavery and the hypocrisy of declaring all men equal when they were creating a country where not all human beings would be treated equally. Although Thomas Jefferson was angered by this omission, he understood that freedom was of the greatest importance and that this needed to be achieved first…. [read more]


Declaration of Independence Essay

… On the fourth of July the declaration of independence was passed by the Congress .This document however was not signed by most of the delegates for that month. King George the third was sent the Declaration (Armitage, 2008).

My decision and Explanation:

The declaration of independence was paramount on the basis of an eclectic group of reasons and hence I would sign the declaration due an amalgam of factors;

It was a milestone for gaining compassion for the cause of independence pertinent to the colonists. This would be the short run driving force for me. In the long haul the declaration provided many important principles that have been a source of guidance for the country. These guidelines in some way formed the foundation for democracy.…. [read more]


Adam Smith -1790), Scottish Philosopher and Economist Term Paper

… Adam Smith (1723-1790), Scottish philosopher and economist, is widely regarded as the father of modern economics and capitalism. His celebrated treatise an Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, considered as "the first modern work in the field of economics," contains a comprehensive defense of free market policies and gives a still-valid explanation of how rational self-interest and competition can lead to economic well-being and prosperity. Adam Smith's ideas on economics, formulated as they were in the later half of the 18th century, provided the ideological and intellectual background for the Industrial Revolution -- the sweeping material transformation in Western society and many parts of the world that characterized the 19th century.

This paper gives an overview of the life and…. [read more]


Samuel Adams the Rights of the Colonists Thesis

… Western Civilization

Samuel Adams' the Rights of the Colonists

The Rights of the Colonists was written by Samuel Adams at the age of 50, as a part of meetings in Massachusetts in 1772. This came after the Governor had dissolved the colony's Colonial Assembly. Three hundred townspeople met and voted to appoint a committee of correspondence, and to have this committee draft a statement of the rights of the colonists. The responsibility for preparing the first draft was assigned to Samuel Adams (Munday, 1984).

Samuel Adams was born in Boston, Massachusetts in September of 1722. He was a leader in the fight against British colonial rule, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Adams' father, who was a deacon of the church and successful…. [read more]


John Adams and Thomas Jefferson Term Paper

… Jefferson studied at the College of William and Mary, and then read law (Thomas pp). He was a powerful advocate of liberty, and an eloquent correspondent, but was not a public speaker, thus, in the Virginia House of Burgesses and the Continental Congress, he contributed to the patriot cause with his pen rather than his voice (Thomas pp). Jefferson was only 33 years old when he drafted the Declaration of Independence, and spent years laboring to make its words a reality, most notably by writing a bill establishing religious freedom that was enacted in 1786 (Thomas pp). Throughout history, Southern secessionists loved him, Northern abolitionists worshiped him, and Gilded Age moguls echoed his warnings about federal power (Jefferson pp).

Jefferson was more a Renaissance man,…. [read more]


Abigail Smith Adams Essay

… Abigail Smith Adams

This is a guideline and template. Please do not use as a final turn-in paper.

The first momentous achievement that must be noted in any biography of Abigail Adams, was her devotion to the women's cause long before many of the personages we read about today.

She actually petitioned her husband, John Adams, 2nd President of the United States, to declare in the Declaration of Independence that women would have equal legal status to men. And she didn't just mention it; she persisted in letter after letter to him as he considered, in 1776, the content of that document. She lost the argument, but not the cause. Needless to say, Abigail Adams was not just your ordinary stay-at-home mom.

She was the…. [read more]


Women's Roles in Early America Term Paper

… 1).

In other words, if the husband died, the women took over in South Carolina in this era, and that was unique in the colonies, Cody relates. There were "high rates of mortality" so the high-up leaders of the planter "elite" understood that and prepared to empower women to "shore up their own position within the social structure" (Cody, p. 1). And so Carolina women held ownership to property through a number of legal devices; and they did not accrue property and manage it just to benefit themselves, Cody continues. They did it for their families, albeit female property ownership by some women (and daughters) who were wealthy, and others, had been handed down the property with the specific directives to administer.

Moreover, some marriage…. [read more]


Territorial Expansion Essay

… He was against the concept of centralized government and had not penned the Constitution. Despite the fact that he had written the Declaration of Independence, Thomas had not authored the Constitution. He was renowned for supporting state wise rights and had not agreed with Alexander Hamilton over the creation of the National Bank either. His perspective was that if a power of authority was not part of the Constitution, then, the state had the right to decide upon the matter. Jefferson had to sacrifice his ideals for the greater good in the procurement of the Louisiana land. If he had waited to legally amend the Constitution, then there was a possibility that the French would take back their offer. (Kelly, 2011)

Another concern was that…. [read more]


Ideology and U.S. Foreign Relations Essay

… Ideology and U.S. foreign relations

Foreign Relations

Howard Zinn (1991), author of Declarations of independence: cross-examining American ideology, begins his book by saying that when the idea that black people were "less than human" entered Western consciousness several centuries ago, it made the Atlantic slave trade able to happen, during which time approximately 40 million people died; the beliefs concerning racial inadequacy, related to blacks or Jews, Arabs or Orientals, have led to more instances of genocide; the idea that communism in Vietnam was a threat to our "national security" presented by political leaders in 1964 (and one that Americans accepted) led to certain policies that cost a million lives -- including 55,000 young Americans; other ideas like "laissez-faire" (leave the poor to their own…. [read more]


Thomas Jefferson and Five Identifications Essay

… Thomas Jefferson's legacy His innovations, writings, and political views and agendas continue to shape and influence America today. A Renaissance man in his time, Jefferson's greatest achievements include writing the Declaration of Independence, becoming the third President of the United States, passing the Statute of Religious Freedom in Virginia, and founding the University of Virginia.

Jefferson was elected to the Second Continental Congress appointed to head the committee designated to prepare the Declaration of Independence. With the aide of Benjamin Franklin and John Adams, Jefferson amended his first draft of the document which was later altered by Congress. The Declaration of Independence drew influence from several social tracts and natural rights theory contained within Jefferson's own a Summary View of the Rights of British America…. [read more]


Ellis Holds That America Term Paper

… In a transitional state, the head of the Army holds an immense degree of authority. Washington was the only prominent military leader to revere the principles beholden to the new Republic. Washington and his contemporaries were familiar with the tragic flaws of popular leaders that preceded them: Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon because he believed that he out-do a largely aristocratic and quarrelsome republican government by employing the decisiveness that he had exercised in battle. Oliver Cromwell was unwilling to reflect the interests of a parliament that failed to represent his interests and ultimately handed authority to his son. Although many of the founding fathers shaped America's nature, it can be said with definity that without Washington, America couldn't have existed.

Washington, on the other…. [read more]


John Milton and the Philosophy of Christian Education Research Paper

… It was therefore understood as fairly self-evident why the government of a new nation which had just escaped from under the yoke of such a system would avoid things like the endorsement of any specific religious creed (or even God) in its official founding documents. Jefferson's point in the "Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge" is that those who are unaware of history are doomed to repeat it: that is why his legislative intent and emphasis is placed upon the knowledge of political systems, and how easily they may slip into tyrannical forms of social control due to the "ambition" of rulers.

It is at this point that we may turn our attention to John Milton. Milton's role in English history and government…. [read more]


Benjamin Franklin Was Born on January 17 Term Paper

… Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts to Josiah and Abiah Folger (Kelly 2007, the Electric Benjamin Franklin 2007). He was the 15th of Josiah's 20 children by two marriages. He had only two years of formal schooling but continued to pursue an education by reading. His father had wanted him to be a clergy man. But he could afford to send Benjamin to school only for one year. Entering the clergy required many years of schooling. Josiah worked as a candle maker and also a devoted Anglican. But Benjamin loved to read so he was taken in by his brother, James, a printer, to apprentice at the age of 12. He helped James compose pamphlets and set printing types of…. [read more]


People and Events in Pennsylvania Term Paper

… ¶ … People & Events in Pennsylvania

The history of how America was founded all starts in the land of Pennsylvania, where famous events such as the creation of the Declaration of Independence was written, the creation and signing of the United States Constitution, and a host of famous people contributed to the beginnings of our great nation. Before the discovery of the "New World," the Pennsylvania area was occupied by a number of Native American tribes, most of whom perished when the first settlers from Europe came to America (History, 1). Specific tribes included the Delawares, the Susquehannocks, the Shawnees, and different Iroquois tribes known as the Five Nations which actually expanded past Pennsylvania territory to present day New York (History, 1). It is…. [read more]


Founding Brothers When Studying Term Paper

… Deciding which should be president would be like choosing between a head and a heart, explains Ellis. However, by the time of the election, the two sides of the camp had been drawn.

The electoral vote split down the sectional lines: Adams carried New England and Jefferson the South, with Adams at 71 to Jefferson's 68. Jefferson sent a letter to Adams saying that he was not interested in being thrown into the presidency. As a result, Adams brought Jefferson into his confidence and created a bipartisan administration that gave Jefferson much more access and influence than Adam ever had as vice president. Meanwhile, says Ellis, Jefferson was supporting the bipartisan approach because he was certain "no man will bring out of that office (of…. [read more]


Evolution of Constitutional Law the Code Essay

… ¶ … Evolution of Constitutional Law

The Code of Hammurabi

The 6th and greatest ruler of Babylonia was Hammurabi, who succeeded in both expanding to its most imposing scale the empire and in bringing it under the jurisdiction of his code of laws. Known as the Code of Hammurabi, this is considered one of the first recorded doctrines in civilized history to establish as set of laws by which to govern a society. As an extension of the notion of the king as having been divinely instated by the Babylonian god, Marduk, Hammurabi proposed his code of laws as having been given by said god. In this way, the secular laws regarding civil affairs, crime and punishment and governance of the people were buttressed by…. [read more]


American Revolution -1783) American Colonists Thesis

… Moreover, the difference in the views regarding the war against France further widens the line between the two political parties.

Empire of Liberty

Thomas Jefferson spoke about the "Empire of Liberty" and he made his contributions in to achieve the goal. He was the first to write the Declaration of Independence. He also served as Governor of Virginia, Secretary and top of all President of United States. He supported democratic Republican political party supporting freedom and independence in the country. Jefferson was the one who initiated the custom of shaking hands instead of bowing down. This act also portrays his favour for liberty.

Jefferson always wanted to protect the rights of the separate states whereas the Hamilton, the secretary of state had difference of opinion.…. [read more]


Founding Brothers by Joseph Ellis Essay

… Founding Brothers by Joseph Ellis

"Founding Brothers" by Joseph Ellis

Numerous writers have turned their attention to the period of the Declaration of Independence while searching for inspiration, and while some have produced modest texts, others have succeeded in retelling the story with great accuracy and in a reader-friendly approach.

Joseph J. Ellis's book "Founding Brothers: Revolutionary Generation" does not just have its plot focused on the 1776 document, as it concentrates on telling the stories of almost all of the key individuals involved in writing and issuing the document, and in those who played an essential role in the founding of the United States.

Abigail Adams, John Adams, Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington are all unique…. [read more]


Freemasons Contributions to Today's Society Essay

… Freemasons Contributions to Today's Society

Depending on perspective, Freemasons have either been a widely misunderstood group of people who have made invaluable contributions to American society, or a group of people whose primary goal is to destroy Christianity, and, perhaps, bring about Armageddon. There is evidence to support the idea that Freemasons were an invaluable part of the beginning of America; after all, army leader and first President George Washington was a Freemason. In contrast, there is no evidence to support the idea that the Freemasons are a secret-society whose goal is to destroy Christianity. However, the fact that many of the Founding Fathers were Freemasons does not save the group from suspicion. One must recall that the Founding Fathers all came from the upper-class…. [read more]


Thomas Jefferson's Influence Term Paper

… If it be enforced longer, it is an act of force and not of right" (Havens & Dering). Thus the entirety of Article V of the U.S. Constitution explicitly provides measures for the proposal and ratification of amendments to its original text, stating unequivocally that "the Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution & #8230; which & #8230; shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states" (U.S. Const. art. V). In laymen's terms the legal language found in Article V simply puts forth a workable scheme for the proposal, consideration and eventual ratification of potential Constitutional amendments by…. [read more]


Top Five Presidents Term Paper

… Presidents in My Opinion

My choice of the top five U.S. Presidents ranked in descending order of importance is: Thomas Jefferson, Ronald Reagan, Dwight Eisenhower, Franklin Roosevelt, and George H.W. Bush. Since ranking of Presidents is always a subjective call, I am aware that this list may differ substantially from most others'; however, I shall try my best to justify my selection in this paper.

Thomas Jefferson

The third U.S. President and a prominent founding father of the country, Thomas Jefferson is widely recognized as one of the most brilliant individuals in history. An ardent believer in democracy, popular rule, and the rights of the people, he had greatly influenced the history of his country even before he brought his varied talents to the Presidency…. [read more]


Benjamin Franklin Term Paper

… The French Philosophers hoped that the American Republic would spark a chain reaction of international renewal, which would ultimately result in democracy. The United States Constitution later gave the French an example of reform that increased French Republicanism and was a model for the French Constitution of 1791.

Through his modest style of dress and his "Poor Richard" stories, Benjamin Franklin maintained an image of the idea that Americans were freedom-loving and virtuous. Through both verbal and written means, Franklin promoted the ideology of liberty, equality, and fraternity, as well as respect for reason. This inspired a desire within the French for more freedom to express their views, and eventually led to the French Revolution. As the Ideal American, the ideologies of Benjamin Franklin will…. [read more]


Civil War Term Paper

… Maine, another new state, brought the two oppositional parties the chance to settle for compromise: they accepted Missouri as a slave state, while declaring Maine as a free state in 1820. The settlement also "stipulated that all the Louisiana Purchase territory north of the southern boundary of Missouri, except Missouri, would be free, and the territory below that line would be slave" (http://civilwar.bluegrass.net/secessioncrisis/200303.html)

The new working classes were beginning to ask for reforms and new rights, radically changing the relationship between employer and employee through the formation of labor unions.

The United Stated developed new improved relationships with the other nations and at the same time new means of keeping internal affairs away form the involvement of foreign powers. The Monroe Doctrine, in 1823, drawn…. [read more]


American Revolution and Outbreak of French Research Paper

… ¶ … American Revolution contribute to the outbreak of the French revolution?

The American and the French revolutions are two important moments in the history of Western civilization. They are part of a wider movement which characterized the 19th century worldwide. However, it can be said that the French revolution, as opposed to the American one, was the emerging element for the development of revolutionary strives around the world. Even so, it is important to consider the two important moments in history, the American and the French revolutions by comparison and interconnectivity.

The thesis of the research paper focuses on these two particular moments in time. More precisely, the thesis revolves around the question concerning the extent to which the U.S. revolution influenced the French…. [read more]


American Revolution There Were Many Reasons Term Paper

… ¶ … American Revolution

There were many reasons why the American Revolutionary War was fought; and although it was mainly fought because of the desire for independence from the British government, there were other factors. And there were many key dates that are associated with the revolution. This paper will review those events and key dates in an attempt to provide an accurate overview and analysis of that great war that liberated the colonists from the British rule.

RELIGION: Religion played a major role in the revolution, according to the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. On its Web site, the Library of Congress (LOC) (http://www.loc.gov) has a section called "Religion and the Founding of the American Republic." The reason religion played a big role,…. [read more]


Women and Work Essay

… ¶ … Changing Role of Women in the 18th and 19th Centuries

Women's roles in society, and in the family, changed quite a bit from the mid 18th century to the end of the 19th century. However, women in the 1700s were actually more 'advanced' than many people might think. While it is true that most women's primary role was that of wife and mother, DuBois and Dumenil (2005) report that "Historians estimate that between 1740 and 1775, over 90 Boston women operated commercial enterprises" (p. 31). Many also worked outside the home in shops or even as 'tradeswomen' in the blacksmithing and silversmithing industries (Woodward, 2004).

However, most of these workers were single women who had very little choice but to work until they…. [read more]


Constitutional Convention a Brilliant Solution by Carol Research Proposal

… Constitutional Convention

A Brilliant Solution by Carol Berkin

In terms of contemporary relevance, upon first glance Carol Berkin's book A Brilliant Solution: Inventing the American Constitution would seem to have an advantage over other books about the framing of the U.S. Constitution, such as The Glorious Cause by Middlekauff. That extra degree of relevance for Berkin's book is due to its date of publication (in 2002), after the Supreme Court (in a 5-4 vote) gave the 2000 presidential election to George W. Bush and after the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001. Berkin's desire to author a book on the creation of the Constitution was stimulated, she explains, by the events of 2000 and 2001. Those two events indeed…. [read more]


Westward Expansion Term Paper

… Westward Expansion and Manifest Destiny

At the time of the signing of Treaty of Paris (1783), which formally ended the American Revolutionary War, the United States of America consisted of thirteen former British colonies concentrated in the east of the North American continent and hemmed in by the rugged Appalachian region to the west. Within a relatively short period, however, the newly formed country started to expand westward and by mid nineteenth century encompassed a huge mass of territory extending from the Atlantic coast right down to the Pacific coast in the west -- transforming the United States of America into one of the biggest and most powerful nations in the world. This remarkable Westward Expansion is a fascinating story of adventurous 'mountain men,' pioneering…. [read more]


Women's Rights During the Nineteenth Term Paper

… During the Civil War, Anthony and many other members of the women's movement played a large role in abolishing slavery. In 1863 Anthony founded the Women's Loyal League, which supported President Abraham Lincoln's policies (Berg). Following the war, Anthony and her supporter tried unsuccessfully to link women's suffrage with that of the freed slaves.

The Fifteenth Amendment of 1870 granted voting rights only to black men. Due to their great disappointment, Anthony and her supporters founded the National Woman Suffrage Association. The Fourteenth Amendment of 1868 declared that all people born in the United States were citizens and that no legal privileges could be denied to any citizen. Anthony challenged this amendment, arguing that women were citizens but were denied voting privileges.

On November 1,…. [read more]

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