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History of Muslims in Europe and in the US Research Paper

… History of Muslims in Europe and in the U.S.

Islamophobia - the United States and the European continent

The Islam is at the moment one of the most important religious, cultural, and eventually political entities of the world today. According to studies made in 2009, it represents 23% of the global population of 6.9 billion people

Even so, there are numerous accounts in which the Muslim population is the subject of discrimination or political differentiation. At the moment, this entire phenomenon is defined as Islamophobia. The present paper addresses the issue of islamophobia from the perspective of the two most important regions where it developed and where is most visible. In this sense, the research takes into account the way in which the United States…. [read more]

USA Hegemony Term Paper

… S. kept Haiti economically and politically isolated for decades and refused any diplomatic recognition until after the Civil War. In more recent history, Jean Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest and advocate of liberation theology, was overthrown twice in military coups in 1991 and again in 2004, which had all the classic hallmarks of CIA-style covert operations. Not surprisingly, Haiti remains one of the poorest countries in the world, dominated by a corrupt and repressive oligarchy that the U.S. has helped to install and maintain over many decades.

Michael Doyle counters Rosato in asserting that Kant's Perpetual Peace between democracies is real, as is their tendency to be war-prone with authoritarian or non-liberal states. Not all groups within democracies are liberal or democratic, of course, but…. [read more]

United States' Task of Setting Term Paper

… S.S.R. broke up, and now is strategically important because we can use those bases as we did during our war on the Al-Queda in Afghanistan, and as we may if we go to war with Iraq over weapons of mass destruction. Turkey also is helpful to us in our war against terrorism and drug trafficking, as well as assisting us in various ways in our war on terrorism (Barry & Honey, 1999). U.S. planes fly regularly from Turkey to survey the "no fly" zone in northern Iraq. Critics point out that we emphasize military benefits rather than the needs of Turkish citizens, and that we may affect internal Turkish policy in a way that might alter the country's development (Barry & Honey, 1999), thus illustrating…. [read more]

Turkey Reflects US Economy Term Paper

… Turkey Reflects Us Economy

Turkey and the U.S. Economy

Economy is the undisputed force that both unites and separates global entities. Countries are economically united in the meaning that they share similar goals, such as reducing the national debt, or the governmental deficit, improving the population's living standards by increasing their wages and pensions, keeping prices under control or strengthening the national currency.

States are economically different as they possess dissimilar resources on which to base their economy. For instance, some countries possess significant crude oil natural resources and the revenues coming from this industry gather up to 60-80% in the national gross domestic product. Other countries possess rich and fertile soils that make the agricultural industry vital to the national economy. David Ricardo's theory…. [read more]

Leadership of the United States Term Paper

… In 2003, 83% of the people of Indonesia, the largest Muslim country in the world, held negative views of the United States (Brand, 2005). However, some report that the Indonesian press has softened its criticism since the U.S. response to their Tsunami disaster. As Rizal Mallarangeng, Director of the Freedom Institute, said on NCR, "The [U.S.] Marines on the shores of Aceh, unthinkable before the tsunami, but now we see it and we have to be grateful for it, because all they are doing -- something that has to be done, must be done." (Brand, 2005) This may be significant since in the past Indonesia has been highly critical of U.S. actions in both Afghanistan and Iraq (Gecker, 2005). However, even here there was a…. [read more]

Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]

United States Development Essay

… ¶ … United States depended in several geographic factors. Population growth and economic development were among the two most significant factors that contributed to the development and expansion of the United States. The original thirteen colonies were not homogenous in terms of there being representations of Dutch, English, Protestant, and Catholic settlers. After independence and especially after the War of 1812, a collective American identity enabled greater cultural cohesion in the New World. Therefore, population expansion and economic development -- both fostered by Industrialization -- encouraged the development and expansion of the United States.

Population growth in the nineteenth century was fostered by the migration of increasing numbers of people from Europe. Motivations for migration included the Irish potato famine in the 1840s ("Migrations of…. [read more]

Playwright Israel Zangwill Is United Essay

… This is fascinating because while Muslim immigrants are deeply diverse of their national and ethnic backgrounds, hailing from as far east as Indonesia to as far west as Morocco, their experience especially in view of the events in recent memory has given them a special sense of unity and formed a superset of ethnicity. The broader Islamic culture militates against time honored American traditions and cultural icons. There is no alcohol involved. Muslims do not even eat the same meat as Americans following instead the Kosher traditions of their Semitic Jewish brethren. Pork is a big no! Muslim girls do not go to prom and are not allowed to date or intermingle with boys. Away from their traditional homelands, Muslims cling much more staunchly to…. [read more]

Since 1500 a History of World Societies Term Paper

… ¶ … 1500 History of World Societies

European average income per person began to rise in comparison with the rest of the world beginning in about Answer:

1450 b. 1650 c. 1750 d. 1850

All of the following statements characterize world economic development in the 19th century except:

industrialization generated global inequity in wealth and power.

railroads drastically reduced transportation costs.

the opening of the Suez and Panama canals facilitated trade.

the world's leader in importing foreign goods was America.

All of the following technological innovations were crucial to European imperialist expansion in the late nineteenth century except:

the machine gun.

the telegraph.

c. quinine.

The airplane.

Causes of the so-called new imperialism (1880-1914) include all of the following except:


a. economic competition in…. [read more]

U.S. History Term Paper

… The populace buys little beyond sustenance items, so the economy is not stimulated and the manufacturing plants do not hire people, thus ensuring a vicious spiraling cycle downward. Keynes suggested that the government spend at a deficit, and so Roosevelt did, through his works programs and its structured tiers of relief, recovery, and reform.

The first phase gave people immediate relief and hope and stopped the depression-creating spiral of money hoarding. The National Recovery Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps, and Public Works Administration program gave people jobs. Recovery was provided through agricultural and business regulation such as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, to ensure that bank runs did not occur again. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration provided farmers with subsidies, so they would no longer have an…. [read more]

History of Zionism Term Paper

… Zionism did come into conflict with the Israeli administration when Israel's first Prime Minister, Ben-Gurion, insisted to keep Zionist leaders from influencing Israel's policy decisions.

Zionism has of course been vehemently denounced by the Arab nations and the UN even adopted a resolution in 1975, equating Zionism with racism. Zionists have, however, continued to work towards their objectives relentlessly -- the safety of the state of Israel and the right of any Jew to settle there

-- they have been successful on both counts to date.


Cohen, Michael Joseph. "Zionism." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, CD-ROM Version, 2002

Edelheit, Abfaham J. And H. Edelheit. "History of Zionism: A Handbook and Dictionary."

Westview Press, 2000

Spiro, Rabbi Ken. "Crash Course in Jewish History Part 62 -…. [read more]

History of the Modern Middle East Term Paper

… History Of the Modern Middle East

As a result of the Industrial Revolution, during the 19th and the 20th centuries, the Western world as grew more dependent upon the advancement of technology, in every facet of daily existence. As an unintentional result of this economic revolution, the major commercial powers grew more dependent upon the non-renewable resource of oil. The state that controlled oil, in the form of trade routes, or oil-producing colonies, could dominate the other major nation-states. Ironically, as a result of technological advancement, the states that had formerly dismissed the Middle East as backward or significant only in terms of its historical role in the development of Christianity grew progressively more dependant upon the region to sustain a modern economy.

Initially, Britain…. [read more]

History of Pakistan and India Term Paper

… The League' won 76% of the vote for reserved Muslim seats, but still partition was not inevitable. However, the British were forced to leave by a huge rebellion from the end of 1945 to 1946 that surpassed even the Quit India Movement.

In 1945 the British authorities put on trial Indian National Army prisoners who were Hindu, a Muslim and a Sikh together for the first trial. This led to country wide protests with massive inter-communal unity, especially in Calcutta where strikes and riots went on for months.

The British cabinet was convinced that India must be surrendered now, especially with the changing economic and international situation and the Second World War. Towards the end of the war Britain was in debt to India -…. [read more]

US War on Terrorism Term Paper

… U.S. war on terrorism

The present paper focuses on the motives for the change in attitude of the international community after the U.S.-led invasion in Iraq.

The central point of the paper is the assumption that, after the war in Afghanistan, the U.S. motivated its military actions in Iraq by the existing breach of human rights conventions. Although there was a general belief that the people of Iraq were living under severe state oppression, there are arguments that the salvation of the Iraqi people was used as a mere pretext for the U.S.'s secret motives. The violent air attacks over Baghdad and the loss of civilian lives, the Abu Ghraib scandal and the results of the Commission for WMD revealing the lack of information regarding…. [read more]

What Factors Affects the US President Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process About Iran Research Paper

… ¶ … U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process About Iran?

President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process is a lucrative feature that ensures maintenance of security and stability of many organs of management in the U.S.A. The existence of the state and sovereignty of the government of the United States is all dependent on the natural and synthetic features of its decision-making processes as concerns foreign issues. The U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process has suffered immense criticism from other states and governments

The manner in which the country has handled issues concerning other nations is statistical. For instance, actions against Iran and Iraq are tantamount to the relationship existing between the two countries now. Therefore, the existence of intensive U.S. President Foreign Policy…. [read more]

Muslims and Arabs Essay

… ¶ … Muslims and Arabs has remained a source of confusion as well as discrimination. In this paper we explore the difference between Muslim and Arabs with a special focus on Pan-Arabism. Saddam Hussein and Nasser's roles in Pan-Arabism are also explored. The differences between Muslims and Arabs are illustrated by means of elaborate examples and scenarios.

The term Arab is defined by the Oxford Dictionaries (2011) as a member of the Semitic people who originated from the Arab Peninsula as well as the neighboring territories in the Middle East as well as North America. The term could also be used to refer to an Arabian horse.

According to Ibn Taymiyyah (2004) the term 'Arab' was used for individuals of three main groups. The first…. [read more]

Sub-Group Americans in Muslim Countries Thesis

… Americans in Muslim Countries

Minority Communities: The Effects and Challenges of Americans Living in Muslim Countries

Few minority groups in the United States in the past decade have received as much direct attention, both from the media and from the political and scientific communities, than Muslims. Indeed, Islamic radicalism and fundamentalism has raised many questions about the religion and its adherents -- most of whom, it should be noted, are not radical or fundamentalists -- on the global scale. Islam is also one of the fastest growing religions in the world, making this demographic one not only worthy of study, but demanding it. The focus on most of the scholarship concerning this group over the last decade, however, has dealt with the interactions and assimilation…. [read more]

Interview With an Immigrant Profile Research Paper

… He says that a lot of the information was available online and he could make plans for settling into his life in the new country. Around seven months after giving his final examinations at school, Smith bid farewell to his parents as he boarded a flight from Abu Dhabi to New York via a stopover at London. He arrived in New York in December 2000 where his uncle was waiting to receive him. After clearing the immigration checks he went to his uncle's place. Later on his uncle took him to the university and helped him mover into the hostel.

Problems Faced in Assimilation and Acculturation

Smith says he did not experience any great anxiety about assimilating in the local culture or acculturating himself to…. [read more]

Response to Showdown With Iran Video Essay

… Iran

The United States has interfered in Iranian affairs since the 1950s, and the resutls have been nothing less than catastrophic. Although the PBS Frontline video "Showdown in Iran" does not delve too much into the history of U.S.-Iranian relations in the 20th century, the producers do illustrate clearer than any mainstream media report that Iran was one of the key objectives and motivators for the post 9/11 invasion of Iraq and the subsequent political and military campaigns. The United States demonstrates an increasing ignorance about the region over the course of decades of interactions. Rather than became more knowledgeable about the differences between Sunni and Shi'a Islam, the United States has appeared embarrassingly ignorant to the point of botching foreign policy and military strategy…. [read more]

US Foreign Affairs Since 1898 Thesis

… U.S. Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Explain the origins of the containment policy after World War II. Also, explain the reasons for the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Even when the Soviet Union was an official ally of the United States, distrust of Stalin's USSR and communism as an ideology was pervasive in the U.S. Vocal critics of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal decried the legislation as socialistic, even though the New Deal was actually intended to offer a middle ground between classical economic theory and radical leftism. However, the defeat of Nazism and the expansion of the Soviet sphere of influence into Eastern Europe alerted President Harry Truman and the rest of the Western world that a new level of communist…. [read more]

Curriculum History Term Paper

… Curriculum History

Importance of curriculum history:

The methods of teaching change with time. To understand how the system works let us take the example of a school. The area had a lot of museums, theatres, arts centers, food centers, historical sites, sporting venues and local businesses. At the same time, there is a realization that all students of a school have certain rights and the London Challenge Student Pledge has unwittingly replicated this 'entitlement'. This is probably a proof of the value of this pledge. The educators who came to this school as the number of students were falling first felt that a greater emphasis should be laid on the regular requirements of a typical boys' school and the managers are to be sporty, boisterous…. [read more]

American Cynicism Essay

… However, that is obviously a point of influence as well.

To put a fine point on the above, lack of education on the part of Americans combined with cynicism about the motives of politicians (and rightly so in many cases) is creating a country that is very loathe to have its troops involved in armed conflict and this has been much more true over the last fifty years since the Vietnam War went horribly wrong. Were it not for that war, Lyndon Baines Johnson would be held in a much higher regard but the war ended up ruining his political career. However, the people that propagated that war failed or refused to realize that many anti-USA Viet Cong existed in South Vietnam as well as…. [read more]

Conflict Prevention Theory Essay

… Foreign Policy

United States Foreign Policy:

The Situation in the Middle East

The United States has been deeply entrenched politically in the Middle East since the discovery of oil in the 1930s. Before this time, France and Britain held loosely controlled colonies in the region, chiefly to benefit through their own shipping routes through the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean Sea. Since the discovery of surplus oil in 1930, however, the Middle East has been a cornerstone of U.S. foreign policymakers. Rather than try to occupy or control the various states in the region, the United States has opted to support existing regime leaders through financial benefits, weapons technology, and worldwide political support. This paper will aim to examine four countries, namely Tunisia, Egypt, Libya…. [read more]

Cold War a Critical Debate Term Paper

… This policy certainly helped in increased production but it did not cause desirable progression in the industrial sector for two main reasons. The first reason was that managers of projects could not deliver. The greed and self-interest prevailed over the interest of state and secondly the state preferred the production of military hardware which was not a good economic choice for the growth and sustenance of large industrial sector. (Stearns)

The comparison of above two models reveals that consumerism promised rapid growth of economy as well as the public welfare, but on the other hand, productionism led to stagnant economy and no public welfare. In the long run United States benefitted immensely whereas it had devastating effects on USSR.

Deprivations of Third World Countries. In…. [read more]

History From 1865 Essay

… Part 2: The Post-1930s

1. Immigrants and Modern Stereotype / Racial Profiling

Active prejudice existed in the pre-WW2 era, but stereotypes -- in the modern twist -- linger still today. Immigrants have long been detested and have long been accused of taking away jobs from native-born Americans, increasing the criminal population, and draining America's educational and healthcare -- as well as social benefit -- resources. Usually, however, it is illegal, rather than legal, immigrants who are mostly condemned.

Unfortunately, Islamic terrorist activities have given rise to the new stereotype of Islamaphobia where people of Muslim extraction nd Arabs Are mistreated and discriminated against particularly since the September 11th attacks. The European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) (2002), for instance, reported incidents that consisted…. [read more]

Europe, the Russian Federation, and East Asia Term Paper

… Geography

Meeting Place of Two Worlds

On the Borders of East Asia and the Russian Federation

Location shapes human culture in more ways than many can imagine. The ruggedness of the terrain, the availability of water, the vegetation and climate; all have their effects on the development of societies. As well, the human factors - neighboring peoples with differing social and religious customs, and different forms of organization and political development - these too play their part in the story of a place. Some cultures develop in relative isolation, as on an island in the middle of the ocean. The inhabitants of such a place need only deal with the pressures of the natural world. In other cases, however, a region's population must contend with…. [read more]

Slave Rebellion Comparison: The Nat Turner Revolt Term Paper

… ¶ … Slave Rebellion Comparison: The Nat Turner Revolt of 1831 and the Muslim Uprising of 1835 in Bahia

World History mandates that as the human race, we are apt to repeat our actions over a period of time. One issue that appears throughout history and does not discriminate to any race, religion or creed is slavery. Starting in Biblical times with Egypt's enslavement of the Jews to the more recent time of African-American slavery in the southern states of the United States, slavery has played a key role in inhumanity. In fact, it is the severest form of man's inhumanity to man and woman. Call it a human issue, social or political but slavery was born out of commerce. The act of doing business…. [read more]

War of Tripoli Thesis

… ¶ … war of Tripoli

As a young republic, America fought a war with the Barbary pirates who plied the waters of the Mediterranean in early nineteenth century. The Tripolitan war which took place between 1801 and 1805 opposed American and North African forces. The African states were the Sultanate of Morocco, and the Regencies of Tunis, Algiers, and Tripoli which, at the time, belonged to the Ottoman Empire. However, few American historians have dedicated lengthy studies to the First Barbary War. There are a few reasons which could account for this situation. First of all, the war was rather short-lived; secondly, it took place far from the North American continent. There is also another aspect to consider here, namely that the Tripolitan War was…. [read more]

UK and Russian Minorities Term Paper

… National Minorities

The shifting of global demographics in the past few decades have created unique situations across the world as countries deal with an influx of minority populations that create difficult circumstances for societies and governments alike. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the situation of national minorities in the countries of the United Kingdom and post 1991 Russia. These two situations will be explained in terms of how immigration and the creation of new social and racial classes has disturbed the natural order of things. Additionally, the difference between Russia and the UK will also be highlighted to demonstrated the unique circumstances of each situation. The essay will conclude with remarks on the overall success of the addressing of these…. [read more]

European Courts Relating to Free Speech Research Proposal


The objective of this work is to discuss cases in European courts relating to free speech and discuss Mein Kampf or neo-Nazi ideas or organizations, comparing to U.S. approach and discussing policy implications. "Mein Kampf" was a work written by Adolf Hitler and is a work, which incidentally was and still in banned for sale in Germany. There is an "ongoing struggle over this 'vile text'" according to Paschal (2001) in the work entitled: "Unbanning Hitler." Paschal states of this work in writing that it would likely "...Certainly, it would offend many survivors if Mein Kampf were to be on…. [read more]

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