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Impact of Gangs on Females Research Paper

… Detrimental Effects of Female Gang Membership

In sociological terms, gangs usually refers to groups of juveniles. Gangs are seen as a form of establishing social order that offers an alternative source of status. The term 'gang' typically evokes violence, drug use and dealing and crime.

When a new member joins a gang, he/she must usually go through an initiation. Initiations do not usually involve elaborate ceremonies or formalities, but the initiate will have to endure certain rites. The most common is "jumping in," a beating issued by all the gang members. Gangs that accept female gang members sometimes rape them as their initiation instead of a "jumping in." Following the initiation the new gang member must participate in a mission. This can be anything from…. [read more]


Concept of Disease a General Medical Practice and Homeopathic Medicine Perspective Term Paper

… ¶ … Disease: A General Medical Practice and Homeopathic Medicine Perspective

General Medicine Concepts of Disease

Homeopathic Medicine Concepts of Disease

The Concept of Disease: A General Medical Practice and Homeopathic Medicine Perspective

We shall find that, even when there is no clear differentiation of the leech from other members of society, mankind has theories of the causation of disease, carries out proceedings which correspond with those we call diagnosis and prognosis, and finally has modes of treatment which, even if they have little in common with our own remedies, nevertheless may be regarded as making up a definite system of therapeutics. - G. Elliot Smith, 1915

Most people today are familiar with dozens of conditions that are certain are diseases, such as influenza, chicken…. [read more]


indepth analysis of Mental Health Essay

… Hence, suicide will, as expected, follow from a failure to perform well and from a blow to one's self-esteem. Furthermore, different cultures condemn suicide to different degrees. For instance, one argument accounting for the few suicides recorded in the African-American community is that the community views suicide as unacceptable behavior. On the other hand, murder rates in the community are much greater, as victims as well as perpetrators. In fact, a larger number of homicides that involve African-American individuals are precipitated by the victim, consciously or unconsciously. The Afro-American culture seems to regard victim-precipitated homicides as a better way to die than taking one's own life (David Lester, 2008).



2. Describe how physical, psychological, and social factors influence health.


…. [read more]


Child Soldiers Burundi and Sudan 1992-2002 Research Proposal

… Child Soldiers in Burundi and Sudan: 1992-2002

The convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 is one of the most prominent international humanitarian treaties in world history. It entered into force quicker than any other treaty and currently only two countries (the United States and Somalia) have not ratified it.

Carol Bellamy, Executive Director of UNICEF says that the Convention has become "the centerpiece of a global movement, a movement that reflects a growing awareness of the importance of safeguarding human rights, and child rights in particular."

Yet, during the 1990's, more children in Africa became victims of, and combatants in, war than at any time in history according to a report in Human Rights Watch entitled "Promises Broken."

Named by the International…. [read more]


Global Health Care Term Paper

… Martens, Pim. (200). "Health Transitions in a Globalising World: Towards More Disease or Sustained Health?" Futures, Vol. 34, Issue 7, p. 635+

In this journal study, Pim Martens argues that the concept of 'transitions' is useful for addressing and defining the current and future health status of the world as directly related to the process of globalization. Martens begins by a discussion of the current factors that affect human health and then discusses the health transitions evident throughout history. Next the focus is on trends and developments in health and disease among various populations of the world. He measures these trends according to the following three suppositions of future ages:

the age of emerging infectious diseases the age of medical technology the age of sustained…. [read more]


Foster Children/Foster Care Issues Term Paper

… Beginning in the 1960s, the numbers of reports of child abuse and neglect grew dramatically -- from ten thousand in 1962 (Lindsey, 1996), to almost three million in 1999 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001a). Consistent with legal mandates that certain professionals report suspected child maltreatment, more than half (54.7%) of the reports in 1999 were from professionals (educators, medical staff, law enforcement personnel, social services personnel, and others); the remaining reports were from relatives, friends, neighbors, and anonymous sources (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001a). 1.8 million reports that were investigated were substantiated for child abuse or neglect (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001a).

According to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data and the 1997 AFCARS report,…. [read more]


Special Education Programs Minorities Overrepresentation Research Proposal

… ¶ … Northcentral University, 2013

The Overrepresentation of Minorities in Special Education

Concept Paper

Requirements for the Degree of

CHESTER R SMITH II

Prescott Valley, Arizona

Abstarct

Over representation of minorities in special education has been an issue that has been raised over many years. Dunn (1968) questioned this when he noted that the placement of these children in such settings was questionable as the benefits they received were not evident. He also noted that the labeling of these children as disabled had negative effects, in addition to the fact that even the special education setting was segregated. In the period 1978-1984, it was observed that African-Americans were overrepresented, especially with regard to mental retardation and emotional and behavioral disorders. It has thus been an…. [read more]


Development of Health Management System in Saudi Arabia Research Proposal

… Healthcare in Saudi Arabia

Project Title: Development of Health Management Systems in Saudi Arabia

Geopolitical Overview

Within the global healthcare model there are various expressions of appropriateness of care. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, for instance, healthcare has always been the purview of the government, funded at the behest of the ruling family, designed for a predominately young or middle aged population, and certainly not designed for the increasing urbanization and economic improvements that oil and natural gas have brought to the region. In addition, changing demographics in the Kingdom make it necessary to rethink the model of healthcare.

A geopolitical and cultural background of the country and comparison with the region is first provided to engage the reader in the synergism between these…. [read more]


Competency Evaluation in Sexual Assault Nursing Term Paper

… Competency Evaluation in Sexual Assault Nursing

The report of the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Violence Against Women entitled: "A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults and Adolescents" relates that: "Sexual assault can result in physical trauma and significant mental anguish and suffering for victims. Victims may be reluctant, however, to report the assault to law enforcement and to seek medical attention for a variety of reasons." (2004) This is because victims fear their assailants and worry that they may not be believed and they also feel embarrassed and lack easily accessible services. The U.S. Department of Justice Office of Violence Against Women reports the development of a protocol based on national, local and tribal experts input throughout the United States,…. [read more]


Emerging Independence of the Black Church Term Paper

… ¶ … Independence of the Black Church

Throughout American history, the black church has played an important role in the African-American community. According to King (1998), "The black church has always been a positive force in the struggle for justice and equality for African-Americans. Various studies document the centrality of the black church to the social, spiritual, economic, and political development of the African-American community" (37). Because the black church represents such a powerful and important force in the black community today, this paper provides a summary description of the contemporary issue impacting the sociology of religion, brief explanations from a sociological perspective of the arguments presented from both sides of the issue, the sociological history of the issue, and the impact the issue has…. [read more]


Using Christian Counseling to Resolve 21St Century Problems Research Paper

… We help people most when we talk to them individually" (emphasis author's) (p. 12). Likewise, Meadors (2012) emphasizes that:

The Holy Spirit is described by several names that help us see His role in counseling. Jesus calls the Holy Spirit 'the Counselor' in John 14:16 and then tells us that the Holy Spirit is always available (He abides forever), that He will help us remember Christ's teachings, that He will testify about Christ, that He will convict mankind of sin, and that He will guide us into all truth. The Holy Spirit is the one who actually applies the truths of God's Word to the believer's life. He makes theology come alive. (p. 10)

Because resources are by definition scarce and time is of the…. [read more]


Special Education Term Paper

… McConnell (2000) confirms that early childhood special education and early intervention can greatly improve the academic careers of students with learning disabilities. McConnell asserts that early childhood intervention is designed to improve competencies, skills and to aid children and their families in making the proper educational adjustments. (McConnell 2000)

McConnell writes that many early childhood education assessment practices have been historically connected to intervention approaches. The article goes on to state that many of the initial intervention practices begin in the 60's and 70's. During theses decades professionals utilized developmental and task analytic checklist to assess the students' ability level. They also used close point evaluation to develop a curriculum of intervention. (McConnell 2000)

McConnell goes on to explain that many teachers during this era…. [read more]


Treating Child Drug Abuse in Developed Nations Research Paper

… (2014). For example, in sharp contrast to the prevailing negative views about alcohol use and young people in the United States, families in many European countries such as Italy and Germany have a far more relaxed perspective and it is not unusual for even very young children to partake of a glass of wine or to have a sip of beer at the dinner table.

Yet another important point to emerge from the literature review was the fact that the developed countries of interest to this study are not all homogeneous in demographic composition, and some demographic groups, especially minorities, tend to experience far greater prevalence levels of drug abuse (Leblanc, Drolet, Ducharme, et al. 2015). For instance, according to Eitle and Eitle (2018,…. [read more]


Antenatal Education Systematic Review Dissertation

… However, recently, studies have shown an increase in knowledge as a result of these antenatal education classes. These studies have also highlighted the importance of using a wide range of techniques in the classes to improve the health and well-being of the pregnant mother Su et al., 2007a ()

The impact of antenatal education classes on maternal emotional states as one of the psychological well-being factors is an important consideration in understanding the effect of these classes Schachman et al., 2004.

Maternal emotions can influence the health and social well-being of the mother and the baby thus is important in both the behavioral and psychological well-being of the fetus and the mother as well Malata et al., 2007.

One important question to understand is the…. [read more]


Organized Crime and Its Influence on Politics in Eastern Europe After the Fall of Communism Thesis

… Organized Crime and Its Influence on Politics in Eastern Europe After the Fall of Communism

What is Organized Crime?

Influence of Organized Crime in Politics in General

Influence of Organized Crime in Politics in Eastern Europe

Background information on breakup of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union

Political Sector of Balkans after breakup of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union

How Organized Crime influenced the Political sector of Balkans after breakup of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union

One cannot ignore the fact that the globe has penetrated into the age of industrial revolution where the technological and scientific advancements and innovations are at the peak. In this era of progression, social issues and concerns have simultaneously been escalating at an unprecedented rate. Crime, indeed, organized crime has…. [read more]


Relationship Between Culture and Mental Health Essay

… Global Mental Health

One striking characteristic about the state of global mental health today -- aside from the fact that "four out of the ten diseases with the highest burden are psychiatric" -- is that in the developing world there is greater likelihood of quicker remission than in the developed, Industrial world (Kastrup, Ramos, 2007, p. 42). Schizophrenia, for instance, weighs more heavily and persistently in first-world countries than it does in the third-world. While some researchers attribute this lop-sided relationship to the belief that the developing world has a lower rater of reporting and treatment (thus skewing the statistics) (Gilbert, Patel, Farmer, Lu, 2015), others assert that the higher rate in the Industrialized world is due to a host of reasons related to modernization,…. [read more]


How Poor Diet & Lifestyle Cause Diabetes Term Paper

… 4 % of the residents own a house

- 1 car in a household (average)



Schools: American Public University System, University of Maryland College Park, University of Maryland University College



Neighborhood: Leisure World (LW) plaza conveniently located adjacent to LW



Walkability Score: 56; it is somewhat walkable, and some errands can be accomplished on foot



Air and water quality: Air quality score is 43 which is okay. Water quality is 50 on a scale of 100



Nutrition: There is a nutrition and cooking kickstart class, and a food for life diabetes cooking class offered at leisure world

Crime: 1,739 total number of crimes, crime rate is 23.06 per…. [read more]


Stigmatization and Therapy Counseling of Gay Men Research Paper

… Unnatural sexual orientation is not an independent, standalone issue for those professing inclination towards same sex individuals for their sexual needs. Such individuals invariably face difficulties, humiliation, and consternation in many other areas of their lives, thereby being isolated, stigmatized, and finding it difficult to lead normative, meaningful life. In recent times, there are concerted efforts to address their concerns through various empirical psychological theories, tools, and practices to give more meaning to their individuality. Assimilation of such persons into the mainstream is sought through a change in the perspective of both, the LGB individuals as well as the society (mainly those who are closest to them, often meaning family members, colleagues, and even friends). Various theories view the problems faced by LGB individuals from…. [read more]


Judicial Discrimination Term Paper

… Racial Discrimination in the Courts

In the past few decades, the media has publicized the overcrowding of the United States prison system, raising concern among the families of prisoners, correctional facilities and government officials alike. Although with this overcrowding is the issue that the majority of the prison population consists of minorities, thus raising the debate regarding racial discrimination upheld by the court system. Prison-related research indicates that mandatory sentencing guidelines and a growing number of drug-related convictions are factors in a continued growth of inmates held in federal, state and local prisons and jails in the United States. All state and federal prisons appear to be overcrowded, some as much as 33% higher than their official capacities. Statistics indicate that sixty-eight percent of prison…. [read more]


Jesus' Christian Life, Prayer, and Teachings Dissertation

… Prayer brings redemption. Solomon averred that as soon as he asked for Wisdom, it was bestowed upon him. David, similarly, was given fortitude through the Spirit of God (Psalms 118, 131). Every martyr obtained strength to resist tyrants, and overcame dangers and death through prayer. The above are all examples of this "communication" with God in the true spirit of how Prayer was intended.



St. John Chrysostom weighs in again: "He who uses this great weapon knows not death, leaves the earth, enters heaven, and lives with God. He falls not into sin; he loses affection for the earth; he makes his abode in heaven; and begins, even in this life, to enjoy the conversation of God. How then can you disquiet…. [read more]


Patient Centeredness in Health Information Technology Research Paper

… , 2017). Generally, the unconventional cultural setup of the American society, commonly referred to as 'western' and refers to equality and absence of restrictive traditions across gender, education, ethnicity, and the race will play a crucial role in promoting this HIT solution. Nevertheless, the solution will be designed to cater for the indigenous minority traditions and belief.
ii. Healthcare professionals
The second important stakeholders are healthcare professionals. These include clinicians, medical doctors, surgeons, dentists, etc. this group will play a crucial role in the adoption and implementation of the proposed HIT solution. Healthcare professionals will be tasked with the role of ensuring that patients understand the purpose of the intervention, the details required and that they make an informed consent. Additionally, healthcare professionals will foresee…. [read more]


Clinical Framework for Advanced Practice Nurse Essay

… By highlighting the use of master's-equipped nurses to oversee care from the hospital to within the home, this model has been able to reduce re-hospitalizations for elderly patients with multiple chronic conditions. Research shows that using the Transitional Care Model aids patients attain better long-term health results and evade repeat hospitalizations, all at a cheap cost. Experts agree the program does need more nurses in order to develop some innovations.

Person/Client/Client System

The research explains that each client system is unique, a composite of characteristics and factors within a given range of responses that are contained within a basic structure. Experts also make the point that many known, unknown, and universal stressors exist. Each of these stressors differs in its potential for troubling a client's…. [read more]


Effects of Drugs and Alcohol on the Individual and Damages They Cause Research Paper

… Substance Abuse and Society

Substance abuse represents one of the most pervasive problems in the United States. It is a problem that affects all levels and segments of the society. In terms of their effects on individuals and on society, all forms of substance abuse, whether it is alcohol or drugs has a similar affect on society and on the lives of individuals. It is difficult to separate the affects of various forms of substance abuse. This research will explore the harmful effects of substance abuse on the individual, their families, their relationships outside of the family and on society as a whole.

The reasons why a person engages in substance are as varied as the individuals themselves. Many do it in response to peer…. [read more]


Role of Spirituality Research Paper

… , 2007, p. 268).

Women are three times more likely to be depressed than men, with 5-12% suffering from major or severe depression, compared to 2-3% of men. Males are also more likely to deny or mask depressive symptoms, less likely to express emotions or seek treatment, and to self-medicate with drugs and alcohol (Hutchinson et al., p. 269). Susan Simonds wrote gender roles, stress, poverty and victimization were all factors in the higher level of depression in women (Simonds, 2001, p. 5). More women fall below the poverty line than men, and this is a well-known 'pathway to depression'. Race, culture, social class and sexual orientation all, "interact with gender to create a complex picture of identity issues" (Simonds, p. 6). During the life-stages…. [read more]


Gaming as an Instructional Strategy in Nursing Education Term Paper

… Gaming as an Instructional Strategy to Enhance Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Learning

Nurse educators play a key role in preparing a future workforce of nurses to provide quality care that meets the health care needs of the population (the National League of Nursing [NLN], 2002). Nurse educators are responsible for facilitating student learning and evaluating outcomes. In 2003, the NLN stated that nursing curricula needed to be evidence-based, receptive to the needs of students, flexible, and incorporate current technology. To better meet the needs of today's students, an educator must become familiar with the characteristics and ways of preferred learning of today's learner. Recently, the NLN (2006) identified 72.1% of baccalaureate nursing students being comprised of the millennial or net generation. The millennial student was born…. [read more]


Obesity in the United States Term Paper

… There is a long list of illnesses associated with obesity, including hypertension; dyslipidemia and respiratory problems such as asthma, sleep apnea and depression. It was only recently discovered that there exists a strong and direct correlation between heart failure and obesity. The following study makes this correlation clear.

In 2002, Kenchaiah et al. examined the relationship between overweight and lesser degrees of obesity on the risk of developing heart failure in 5881 participants in the Framingham Heart Study. Heart failure developed in a total of 496 (8%) subjects (258 women and 238 men). After adjustment for known risk factors, overweight women with a body mass index of (BMI) 25.0-29.9) had a 50% greater risk of heart failure, and obese women (BMI & gt; or =30.0)…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.