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Terrorism Influences Research Paper

… New mission of Homeland security

After the 9/11 homeland security mission has been revolutionized and distance between law enforcement and intelligence has been eliminated. These changes are more prominent on state level. Most of the countries have retaliated by combining existing public security, emergency response capabilities and law enforcement. Moreover, before most of the countries have no effective intelligence agencies but now most countries have reacted by creating multiple intelligence cells in existing setup. (Steiner)

Modern terrorism and new level of relationship between federal, state, local government agencies and private corporations

Modern terrorism has made federal governments more skeptical. For example before 9/11 everyone was allowed to get training of flying the plane in the U.S.A. But now these laws have been made stricter. Moreover,…. [read more]


Terrorism Refers to Threats, Violence Essay

… Though these violent acts might be reactionary in nature, it takes time to re-establish a damaged or extinct value system (Allen, 2006).

The Deliberate aspect of terrorism

Innocent victims become the target of terrorist activities just by being symbolically important. The fact that their pain may help in creating a psychological impact, becomes the reason for their death. All this is not merely coincidence but in fact each and every step is planned in advance (Bascio, 2007).

Factors contributing to terrorism

As per a study, suicide terrorism is the only idea that challenges the intricate bond between domestic violence and democracy. Although domestic violence can be found in democratic states, it is almost always found in dictatorships. However, recently, it has been found that suicide…. [read more]


Homeland Security Effects of Terrorism Term Paper

… Homeland Security

Effects of Terrorism on Homeland Security and Local Law Enforcement

The Homeland Security Program is supposed to work hand-in-hand with local law enforcement officials to instill national security and protection from the acts of terrorists. If one looks for a broad definition of Homeland Security, this definition would include air, land, and sea defense of the United States, countering the effect of attacks by weapons of mass destruction on U.S. soil (called "consequence management"), adding military support to local civilian authority, missile defense on the national level, worldwide web network defense, operations of counter-terrorism, operations to counter drugs, and border security by immigration control. In many of these areas law enforcement has worked with the federal agencies during the history of the United…. [read more]


Security Aviation Security Pre and Post 911 Term Paper

… Security

Aviation Security Pre and Post 911

The security in most airports did not used to be much of a problem for anyone. For many years before the events of September 11, 2001, travelers did not think much about security at all, it was just something that was expected at the airport, and oftentimes it seemed as though it was not taken very seriously. People had to walk through a metal detector, and their bags had to go down the conveyor belt to be X-rayed, but it seemed more of a formality than it did something to do with their safety and security. It was just one more thing they had to do when they went to the airport.

After September 11th, all of that…. [read more]


Terrorism What Is the Role of Intelligence A-Level Coursework

… Terrorism

What is the Role of Intelligence in Fostering and Maintaining a Contextual Understanding of the Threats Inherent within the Terrorism Environment?

The role of intelligence is crucial in fostering and maintaining an understanding of the threats inherent within the terrorism environment. Intelligence allows nations to arrive at an understanding of the threats that exist and which strategies should be implemented in order to strengthen national defense. Perhaps the overriding quality of intelligence is balance; nations utilize intelligence in order to balance many factors, including costs vs. benefits, severity of a given threat, and long-term strategy vs. short-term gains. Each of these conflicts plays a vital component in strong national security, and intelligence does not result from the actions of a lone governing individual but…. [read more]


Terrorism Tragedies From Deadly Terrorist Essay

… A study at the Monterey Institute of International Studies by the Centre for Non-proliferation studies observes that; the threat biological weapons pose highlights a need to explore the meaning of weapons of mass destruction and include biological weapons considering the number of causalities likely to arise if such an act are undertaken. Current trends in terrorists' attacks demonstrate there is a likelihood for terrorists to obtain weapons of mass destruction. Although the production of weapons of mass destruction is an expensive and hard venture, terrorist groups like the al Qaeda and their vast wealth can easily obtain the mean to produce weapons. This compounds the efforts of government agencies to fight terrorism (McCarthy et al., 2008)

Role of modern terrorism in shaping the Department of…. [read more]


Latin American Terrorism Issues Research Paper

… United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

This group of terrorist is relatively weak and less active. Very few activities have been reported by this group. It has more than 32000 members dismissed. Thus, it remains inactive as a formal group. Despite of its less activities, many old members of AUC are engaged in criminal activities mostly drug trafficking, in newly emerging criminal organizations (known as BACRIM, BandasCriminalesEmergentes). This newly emerging group has more than 3500 and less than 6000 members. To cope with this situation, Colombian government has taken multiple steps and made new laws. These laws are being implemented properly in order to generate peace in the region. One of the unique and most effective laws made in this context is the thorough and…. [read more]


Homeland Security Act the Terrorist Term Paper

… The WMD/terrorism project is designed to assist local jurisdictions in Texas to enhance their incident preparedness. This is done through instituting better local and state cooperation in connection with terrorism measures ("Division of Emergency Management").

With funding and provisions generated under the Homeland Securities Act, the office of Governor Perry has also instituted new measures to prepare for any emergency needs for "mass care." In the event of an emergency or attack, local jurisdictions would be given the authority to declare mandatory evacuations into designated shelters. Emergency responders are now being trained to understand the symptoms and effects of biological and chemical agents. Hospitals are also training staff and creating procedures regarding how to response in the event of a WMD attack ("Division of Emergency…. [read more]


Terrorism There Have Been Various Essay

… The DHS has been involved in several security operations like border patrols, cybercrime security, and disaster response and even to smaller things like availing information for families to use in case of emergencies (Homeland Security, 2011) as well as promptly responding to emergencies whenever there is one.

From the above engagements of the homeland security it is apparent that there is a close link between the community preparedness and the homeland security. It is only when the local citizens are equipped enough with the relevant security information that it will be possible to maintain internal security. This effort has borne fruits as we have had several instances of citizens informing the authority about suspicious activities most of which have turned out to be true attempts…. [read more]


Homeland Security and Information Technology Term Paper

… Presently there are three available methods for protecting computers from invasion from outside sources: firewalls, protocol filtering, and intrusion detection. All three work differently and serve different functions but are equally important. Full utilization of all three is necessary if Homeland Security is to be successful in avoiding the effects of cyberterrorism. The costs of implementing an effective defense against computer invasion is minimal when balanced against the long-term effects to the nation's political and financial institutions if their information technology is compromised by a virus or trojan horse.

Geospatial Information System

A third technological area that is important relative to Homeland Security and the protection of the information technology supporting said agency is the geospatial information system (GIS). GIS is a computerized database system…. [read more]


Does Distinguishing Domestic Terrorism From International Terrorism Help or Hinder Homeland Security Intelligence Efforts? A-Level Coursework

… Domestic and International Terrorism

Domestic Terrorism vs. International Terrorism: Benefits and Disadvantages to Homeland Security

The September 11 attacks on the World Trade Centre reshaped the concept of terrorism in the global community. Although, international terrorist organizations and other fundamental Jihadi groups already posed a grave threat to the United States' security, prior to the incidents. These attacks started a new debate about the international terrorism and its implications on the internal security of the United States. Previously, terrorism was classified in to two broader categories by the Federal Bureau of Intelligence. The first category was of domestic terrorism, which referred to any terrorist activity that is committed within United States without the aid of any foreign terrorists. The second category was of international terrorists…. [read more]


Terrorism Assess the Likelihood of a Terrorist Term Paper

… Terrorism

Assess the likelihood of a terrorist group use of CBRN weapons

There is a high and rising probability of the usage of the chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear -CBRN weapons by majority of terrorists even though certain established terrorist groups are expected to remain restricted by such aspects like being alien to the weapon and its dubious political usefulness. The possible danger caused by CBRN weapons in the hands of terrorists is observed with increasing anxiety by both government and society following the current highly destructive terrorist events. Al-Qaeda and other concerned terrorist gangs persist to show their knack in large-scale killing of human beings through the use of CBRN i.e. chemical, radiological and nuclear arsenals.

Renowned persons in the U.S., has been expressive…. [read more]


Is Terrorism Effective? Essay

… ¶ … Terrorism Effective?

The term "terrorism" is basically politically and fervently charged which compounds the struggle of providing a precise description of terrorism. Some examination studies by intellectuals have shown the fact that there are over 100 various terms of terrorism. A less diplomatically and emotionally charged denotation of terrorism is a better well-defined word that is often utilized for referring to fear. The word "fear" derives from a Latin word with a connotation that means "to be frightened." (American Heritage Online Dictionary, 2010) Many people share the definition of terrorism in that it means a violent activity which is envisioned to generate fear, to endorse an ideological/political objective, and purposely aim at civilians and non- civilian targets (American Heritage Online Dictionary, 2010). With…. [read more]


Homeland Security in 1945 Term Paper

… However, history has proved this theory wrong. The head of al-Qaeda, the organization that conducted the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, is headed by a wealthy man. In addition, by examining the economic realities of countries with and without terrorist problems, a different economic pattern occurs: there is little or no terrorism in the 50 poorest countries in the world (Laqueur, 2004). A stronger link exists between terrorism and tensions between groups, including ethnic differences, religious differences, and tribal disputes (Laqueur, 2004).

The next question of concern to those attempting to prevent terrorist attacks is whether terrorists would use WMD's and RDD's. We already know the answer regarding WMD's. Al-Qaeda used airplanes loaded with passengers as well as fuel in 2001 as…. [read more]


Homeland Security and Criminal Justice Discussion Chapter

… Thorough preparation and planning is also necessary. This is so because the responders, including rescuers, medical personnel and security forces may become instant targets for the terrorist. It is essentially vital to ascertain that the security of all the stakeholders involved. In order to achieve these objectives, and after careful review of previous mistakes by responders to incidents, this structure was established to focusing on two major categories. The first category focuses on rescuing of victims immediately after the incident, taking care of personnel needs such as shifts, protective gear and equipment. Furthermore, organization of the operation to ensure proper communication and inter-agency cohesion is emphasized. Moreover, this category deals with the issue of public relations to ensure the general public is fully informed about…. [read more]


Explosive Terrorism Research Paper

… Terrorism

Ever since the year 2001, The United States Homeland Security has been specifically focused upon not only defending the country against terrorist attacks and providing care in the aftermath of such an attack, but also on preventing similar future attacks. The best way towards prevention is an understanding of the precise threats facing the country and cultivating ways in which these can be eliminated. One of the most devastating and destructive of these threats is explosive devices. Homeland Security and other agencies have a vital role to play when faced with these threats. This role includes official action to gain intelligence and perpetrate offenders, as well as informing the public of potential threats to help citizens ensure their own safety in case of an…. [read more]


Terrorism in Seattle Case Study

… On December 29, 1999, Seattle Mayor Paul Schell with the concurrence of the City Council decided to cancel the Millennium Celebration, even though it had been planned for over 24 months. The ostensible reason was a potential terrorist attack, based on the December 14th arrest of an Algerian man, Ahmed Ressam, who was arrested in Port Angeles with enough explosives to blow up at least one major building. When Ressam was arrest boarding a ferry, investigators found that he had booked up a hotel room for one night near the Space Needle. While there was no "direct evidence" that Ressam was planning to blow up the Needle, this and recent events in Seattle led to the decision to end all events by 6pm on New…. [read more]


Domestic Terrorism America Is Home Essay

… They once destroyed a laboratory in Michigan University because the laboratory was used to create genetically modified organisms funded by Monsanto (Grubbs, 2010). In reality, Monsanto only donated a paltry 2000 USD to send 5 African students to a conference on biotechnology. In their wisdom they have maintained that whatever they did was justified.

The Army of God revels on religious pretexts to harm others. They use violence to discourage abortion and homosexual activities as exemplified in their attacks on gay night clubs and abortion clinics. One of its members, Eric Rudolph, planted a bomb at the 1996 Olympics venue in Atlanta, Georgia. Two people succumbed and whopping 150 others injured. He explained without remorse in 2005 his action was an indictment to the government…. [read more]


Domestic Terrorism on Policing Essay

… Within the terrorism arena, the key strength of local agencies clings to their experience in criminal investigation of both individuals and enterprises. Their techniques in investigation create a robust understanding of the extent in which the broad networks of individuals and enterprises link. As a result, the agencies developed a crime-fighting model that is useful in investigations of organized crimes, gangs, and narcotics trafficking enterprises (Innes, 2006). They can picture out the structure, strategies and players involved in terrorist networks. The 9/11 American counterterrorism commission realized the significance of collaboration and integration of law enforcement policies and assets at all levels of government activities. The state and local police personnel thereby have an obligation of collaborating with the federal partners in order to come up…. [read more]


Global Terrorism's Impact on International Business Term Paper

… Terrorism Impact

When a terrorism attack hits a country, such as September 11, 2001, naturally the citizens of that nation are most affected. They are the ones who are immediately impacted by the injuries and deaths of peers, friends and loved ones, the shut down of production and services, and the psychological and physical long-term effects. However, such an attack also impacts the rest of the world economically, either through the way that the national organizations have difficulty fulfilling their international obligations or the way that other countries perceive that they, too, are being threatened by these same terrorists. In the future, it surely can be expected that such terrorist attacks will continue. It is up to the organizations to prepare their processes and people…. [read more]


Piracy Maritime Terrorism Term Paper

… Maritime Piracy and Terrorism in the Atlantic and Caribbean Oceans - a Methodology to Counteract

More than six years after the attacks of September 11th, 2001 showed the United States to be a nation deeply vulnerable to the type of attacks which are favored by terrorist organizations, the security policies and approaches to protecting the American people and America's friends and interests remain deeply impeachable. Security responses relating to the combat of foreign wars, the bureaucratic consolidation of American security agencies, the enhancement of surveillance freedoms to be used against the American people and the selling of America's port security to a state-run firm in the United Arab Emirates are all suggestive of a government which has not taken the proper steps to address the…. [read more]


Combatting Future Terrorism Term Paper

… He therefore notes that the prison departments have a noble duty of promoting positive influence with a lot of zeal as well as facilitating the transition of prisoners back to the mainstream society with great innovation. These correctional facilities within the country can act as a special and effective venue for ensuring that the convicted terrorists are de-radicalized and also the spreading of the network of the terrorists is stopped.

The use of airplanes as weapons of terror has been the latest trend and indeed was the tool that was used by the terrorists in the fatal 9/11 attack on the U.S.A. Indeed even before the attack using the planes, Rodney Stitch who was a specialist in air travel safety suggested that the cockpit doors…. [read more]


Technology Changed Security and Terrorism? Term Paper

… It would also help in preventing identity theft which is possible under the current system of personal identification using traditional passports that can be easily forged by terrorists. Having a biometric database would also enable quick identification of terrorists and other people with a criminal history. [John Woodward, pg 3]

Terahertz Imaging

Terahertz imaging is the latest in imaging technologies that would help significantly in screening humans for hidden weapons. One of the advantages of Terahertz radiation is that it can penetrate most non-metallic medium. As John Federici, the scientist behind the technology says, "I see the Terahertz spectrum as one of the critical technologies for defense against suicide bombers and other terrorist activities,"[NJIT] Also by using a 'spectral fingerprint', the terahertz scanner can easily…. [read more]


Airport Security Post 9-11 Research Paper

… Airport Security Post-9/11: Striking a Balance

Although airports around the world have all stepped up their security measures following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, airports in the United States have become the focus of an increasing amount of attention in recent years because of the extremes that are being experienced by the flying public. Indeed, media reports of abusive practices by Transportation Security Administration (TSA) security personnel are commonplace, and critics of the recent addition of physical "pat-downs" and the use of full-body digital scanning technologies have argued that Americans who just want to fly are being turned into so many herded cattle stripped, apparently, of their fundamental constitutional rights when they set foot on airport grounds. Proponents of these enhanced security measures…. [read more]


Security Professionals Respond Article Review

… First, "threat awareness" means conducting the highest level of intelligence that is possible. "There simply is no adequate substitute for good intelligence," Chertoff explains (10). Secondly, detection is of enormous importance. Screening incoming visitors for radiological devices is imperative, and there are 3 types of information that detect an anthrax attack: a) traditional "clinical data" must be gathered from the public health community; b) "BioWatch" data -- received from detectors in various places in the country -- must be able to detect pathogens that will be airborne; and c) intelligence of a non-medical nature needs to be sufficient to locate the source of the terrorist activities.

Thirdly, Chertoff believes that protection against the toxic pathogens is critical. This involves planning in order to prevent "disruption…. [read more]


Argentina's Definition of Terrorism Term Paper

… Argentina's Definition Of Terrorism

Terrorism is nowadays one of the most important aspects of international security which states and international organizations are trying to address at all levels, both internal and global. This is largely due to the fact that the terrorist flabellum does not represent a regular threat to the national and international security, but rather an unconventional one, whose motives, reasons, and targets cannot be fully understood or identified. In this sense it is argued that "the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on 11 September 2001 have focused attention on the issue of international terrorism as an urgent matter for the United Nations" (International Peace Academy, 2002) This is why it is important that action is taken at all…. [read more]


America's War on Terrorism Essay

… One of the best results emanating from the attack was that national agencies, once performing in silo, have been compelled to come together and talk. The effort to staunch terrorism, too, has extended to all divisions, however peripheral they are to the issue of terrorism. Departments, such as those of Treasury and justice departments, now include divisions that discuss security and regularly meet together to share their findings and perspectives.

The American War on Terrorism has disgruntled some critics too who claim that the government debt has only exacerbated itself by irrational spending on defense and that money should, too, be distributed to other sectors. Worst of all is the fact that money kept on pouring into defense during one of America's harshest economic eras…. [read more]


European Counter Terrorism Challenges Essay

… This tends to be the focal point of problem for EU and trust tends to be a major obstacle for information-sharing within Europol. Some agencies, who do not employ particular reservations regarding the sharing of intelligence with Europol, are reluctant in providing their intelligence information as they fear that this may spoil their well-established bi-lateral relations with other states, particularly, the U.S.A. Another challenge faced by Europol and its counterterrorism strategies is that the Europol has not been assigned any responsibilities, as it only plays the role of an add-on agency working in parallel to national agencies (Wille, 2008). National services are entrusted with the task of producing and providing national law enforcement authorities with accurate and complete intelligence and hence they are not in…. [read more]


Fight Against Hurricane Katrina in a Political Environment Set on Fighting Terrorism Term Paper

… Governmental agencies were practically encouraged to take up arms against terrorism and they acknowledged the significance of doing this in a united front. "By creating this broader definition of homeland security, DHS is stressing the diversity of organizations and individuals who have responsibility for, and interest in, the safety and security of the United States -- from the President, as Commander in Chief, to the Secretary of the DHS, Secretaries of other federal departments and agencies (D&A's), to Governors, Mayors, City Council Chairs, business leaders, nongovernmental leaders, educators, first responders, Neighborhood Watch captains, and down to each and every citizen." (Bullock, Haddow, & Coppola 2012, p. 8) This makes it possible for someone to understand the magnitude of the situation and the way in which…. [read more]


Terrorism/Homeland Security Term Paper

… The current activity of the organization was the security meeting held on April 19-21 at Strasbourg. In this meeting, France was given the chance to be a member. In the meeting, preventive measures, international efforts towards terrorism and integration of strategies were reviewed in details in relation to war on terror. Participants also examined the legal and the judicial systems. From the meeting tasks on identification, information sharing, criminalization and safeguards towards terrorism were formulated to law (Jonathan, 2003).

Conclusion

Terrorism is a global threat to the security of humanity. The vice has been prevalent since the first century and has now grown to cover almost the entire world. Most prominent groups are Muslim affiliated. Al-Qaeda under the leadership of Osama bin Laden has carried…. [read more]

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