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Issue With Food Supply Term Paper

… ¶ … Food Supply

Technology, Industrialization, and the Problem of the Modern Food Industry

One of the interesting features of modernity is that human beings today are almost obsessed with efficiency, trying to achieve the maximum at the shortest time, get the most out of least effort, and earn as much profit as possible. There is certainly nothing wrong with efficiency -- it is essentially a good thing -- but the way efficiency is pursued today somehow blinds people to the extent that they no longer see hidden costs of many of their efforts. For example, because of too much focus on the directly quantifiable costs of production, industries, and to a lesser extent ordinary folks, cannot differentiate between the price of producing a good…. [read more]


Hormones in Our Agricultural Food Term Paper

… The company that manufactures the product insists that the IGF-1 levels are not in any way elevated through its use in bovine (History of Monsanto (http://www.sierraclub.ca/national/genetic/bghback.htm).However this claim is in direct opposition to the company's own study. "In a published letter, the British researcher T.B. Mepham reminded Monsanto that in its 1993 application to the British government for permission to sell BGH, Monsanto itself reported that "the IGF-1 level went up substantially [about five times as much." The FDA acknowledges that IGF-1 is elevated in milk from BGH-treated cows (History of Monsanto (http://www.sierraclub.ca/national/genetic/bghback.htm).Other proponents of BGH acknowledge that it at least doubles the amount of IGF-1 hormone in the milk. The earliest report in this literature found that IGF-1 was elevated in the milk of…. [read more]


British Consumer Attitudes and Perceptions Toward Organic Food Term Paper

… Organic Food

British consumer attitudes/organic food literature review

Five years ago, the New Statesman asked the question, "Are you an ethical consumer?" And elicited answers from some public figures. Broadcaster Zenab Bedawi said he bought Fairtrade coffee. He did not' mention health benefits; he mentioned socio-political factors, saying that he found it problematical that more food products were not labelled (2000, p. 15).

His desire for more information for making ethical choices was echoed by writer Alain de Botton. He lamented the fact that news about a company acting unethically was usually six months old, and said he was pessimistic about the chances of ethical buying actually becoming widespread, not because of consumer resistance, but because of company subterfuge (New Statesman, 2000, p. 15).

Photographer…. [read more]


Organic Food Today's World Term Paper

… ...The primary goal of organic agriculture is to optimize the health and productivity of interdependent communities of soil life, plants, animals and people.

Thus, the research and the studies prove that organic foods clearly have a benefit over processed foods or those produced using artificial chemicals or pesticides. Nor are organic gardening, farming, and consumption something practiced by hippies living in communes. Organic gardening is here and it is huge. Even the United States government has recognized the benefits to be had in organic foods by forming an organization to help regulate how such food is produced and what the term "organic" shall mean.

In a world in which life can be so fast-paced, our health and well-being often pay the price. Yes, organic food…. [read more]


Organics Trip to the Local Term Paper

… However, the USDA recently instituted the National Organic Rule, which requires foods labeled as organic to be "produced without hormones, antibiotics, herbicides, insecticides, chemical fertilizers, genetic modification, or germ-killing radiation," (Cowley). The National Organic Rule applies to labeling only and is not a statement of health.

As Geoffrey Cowley notes in his Newsweek article "Certified Organic," many consumers note that organic crops, or produce, tastes better than non-organic produce. Reasons to buy organic extend beyond taste, however. While much organic produce does indeed look and taste better, reasons to buy organic include environmental sustainability, support for smaller farms and farming businesses, and health. In spite of unequivocal scientific proof that organics are healthier, no one can deny that ingesting toxic chemicals at any dose is…. [read more]


Borderless Society a History Essay

… That's according to research done by Christopher L. Weber and H. Scott Matthews of Carnegie Mellon University, who argued in a 2007 study (Food-Miles and the Climate Impacts of Freight Transportation in American Food Consumption) that if you're trying to limit your food's carbon footprint, it is better to eat lower on the food chain than to eat local" (Boyd 2009). But even many varieties of fish are factory-farmed, thanks to increased demand for fish in a manner that requires abundant natural resources.

Regardless, buying locally may not be a viable solution to the dilemma of sustainability. "Economists have long recognized the welfare gains from specialization and trade. The case for specialization is perhaps nowhere stronger than in agriculture, where the costs of production depend…. [read more]


Organic Versus Inorganic Foods Research Proposal

… Organic vs. non-Organic

Organic vs. Inorganic Foods: Why Eat organic?"

The rapid development of the organic market over the past twenty years has spread both opportunity and awareness of both organic foods and the kinds of tactics that are used to grow in-organic foods. The growth of the organic market has also helped draw the prices of such goods down to a level that makes it possible for many more consumers to buy and eat them. Yet, many consumers would still like to see more evidence that paying the marginal difference in price for seemingly the same product is logical and absorbable for their family finances. This work will argue that: there is a marked difference in the nutritional quality of organic foods as compared…. [read more]


Organic Food Thesis

… Organic Farming Methods: An Annotated Review Synthesis
The concept of organic food immediately conjures images of
responsible agricultural practice, non-chemical growing procedures and a
dedication to environmentally sound farming operations. However, the
literature review would reveal a multitude of perspectives that demonstrate
organic foods to be a debatable and nuanced subject. As many advocates as
exist in research and in practice, there are equally as many critics and
opponents to organic farming practices.
The text by Wellson (2006) is a suitable starting point as it
provides a general overview of the subject. Identifying organic food
industries as a growing consumer interest, Wellson takes an essentially
positive perspective on the subject, describing organic foods as offering
consumers a way of controlling the content of that which…. [read more]


Cheap: Chapter 8 Book Review

… When food growth in food production fell behind growth in food consumption this also contributed to food scarcity and drove market prices higher. Unfortunately many developing countries did not have, or had lost, the capacity to produce food within their borders.

Cheap food requires cheap labor. Shell uses the shrimp industry in Thailand as an example of human rights abuse brought on by the quest for lower food prices. Not enough Thais are willing to work cheaply enough to satisfy the demand for cheap shrimp. As a consequence the industry is mostly served by migrant workers from Burma, Cambodia, and Vietnam. There are well documented incidents of these migrants, many of whom do not speak the native language, being subjugated to abuses ranging from unpaid…. [read more]


Animal Production: Biotechnology Has Achieved Research Paper

… Works Cited

Boyd, Emily. "Societal Choice for Climate Change Futures: Trees, Biotechnology, and Clean Development." Bioscience 60.9 (2010): 742-750. Environment Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Jan. 2011.

Devendra, Canagasby. "Sustainable Animal Production from Small Farm Systems in South East Asia." (London: Daya Publishing House, 1998).

Devendra, C., Thomas, M.A., and Zerbini, E. "Improvement of livestock production in crop- animal systems in rain-fed agro-ecological Zones of South Asia." (Kenya: International Livestock Research Institutie, 2000)

Kingiri, Ann. "Experts to the rescue? An analysis of the role of experts in biotechnology regulation in Kenya." Journal of International Development 22.3 (2010): 325-340. Environment Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 Jan. 2011.

Maurer, Stephen M., and Markus Fischer. "How to control dual-use technologies in the age of global commerce." Bulletin of the Atomic…. [read more]


Human and Societal Benefits Term Paper

… Manure dispersal is happening on newly harvested growth. Farmers have to guarantee that dispersal is not done when the earth is wet as shallow ground run off and outflow into the drainage arrangement possibly will happen producing water contamination. Some pig systems use floors that are slatted. This allows the muck to drop away from the animals and into a collection pit. This is then drove into a slurry lagoon and kept while waiting for it to be spreaded on the land in appropriate circumstances. The inside of the slurry lagoon when just about empty. Wet winters that are having extreme rainfall can put slurry systems under pressure except adequate volume has been intended into the system at the beginning. Latest lawmaking necessitates that every…. [read more]


Rachel Carson, She Asserts Essay

… Her essay reads as if that is her intended audience.

As an example of the rhetoric used by Carson to support her claim she states "Probably the bulk of such contaminants are the waterborne residues of the millions of pounds of agricultural chemicals that have been applied to farmlands for insect or rodent control and have been leached out of the ground by rains to become part of the universal seaward movement of water." Unless Rachel's essay is one of entire opinion (with no facts) the use of words such as 'probably' really should be frowned upon. Other statements presented by Rachel as facts are equally as ludicrous. Another example of such tomfoolery was Rachel's statement 'the pesticides are there, and as might be expected…. [read more]


Pesticde Assessment Methods Community Health Essay

… " (EPA.gov. 2013, p.1) It is reported that the goal of the Lifeline Software and Auxiliary Software is to make the provision of a chance for users to conduct examination of potential exposure within a specific population and the impacts that might be expected on the community's health. It is reported that multiple sources combined with exposures routes to a chemical (aggregate assessments) within a community can be utilized to evaluate benefit and risk of the chemical's use. It is reported that LifeLine V5™, CDAS™, and CBAS ™ are all capable of this type of assessment and supported by the auxiliary models (DRG ™ and ARG™) allowing the user to customize the model to the community of interest. (LifeLine, 2013, p.1)

IX. Conclusion

There are…. [read more]


People Fear DNA? Because Criminals Always Leave Essay

… ¶ … people fear DNA? Because criminals always leave it at the scene of a crime: Joke told by Stephen Rogers, Monsanto scientist (cited in Lambrecht, 2001)

Technology has provided people worldwide with a variety of positive additions to their lives, such as advanced medical care, electricity, heating and cooling, and now instant communication through the Internet. However, there is always a tradeoff for everything, and it is necessary to weigh the pros and cons as in the case of genetically modified (GM) or genetically engineered (GE) foods. These are defined as crop plants created for human or animal consumption using the latest molecular biology techniques; they have been approved for commercial planting by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) since 1995. Despite this approval,…. [read more]


21st This Week, Readings Focus Essay

… coli bacteria contamination than feedlot animals (Kluger, 2010).

The issue of organic and conventional foods in relation to local markets is expanded upon by John Cloud in Time magazine (2007). The author embarks on an exploratory journey for the purpose of understanding whether the priority of an average American consumer should be to rely on an ambiguously provisioned local market or to struggle to acquire strictly organic products of limited availability. A local organic culture would not be possible everywhere, since the climate's humidity varies across the country and a high level thereof requires the use of chemicals to keep bacteria and fungi at bay. Additionally, various regions produce different cultures and need to supply each other in order to maintain a wholesome market, and…. [read more]


Silent Spring by Rachel Carson Essay

… Again, the Department of Agriculture developed an all-out campaign to eradicate an insect -- this time, the fire ant. Using spray planes and without studying the correct dosage of insecticide, the U.S. Department of Agriculture treated 20,000,000 acres in 9 southern states. The result was the widespread deaths of fish, birds and livestock, with more red ants than when the campaign began and a noticeable increase in the destruction of sugar cane crops by insects. Local activists in the form of regular citizens, sportsmen's clubs, health care providers, at least one local school, and local agricultural agents responded by filing complaints with local health departments, reporting the devastating effects on wildlife, reporting pesticide-induced illnesses, urging the use of local control that had been known for…. [read more]


Challenges Faced by Farmers of a Particular Food Commodity Essay

… They are also facing criticism of beef regarding its impact upon the environment, including methane emissions from cows making a contribution to global warming and the sheer amount of water and land it takes to raise a cow for beef. Although the sprawl of the west is one reason that beef has been so popular and readily-accessible in the U.S., this cannot last forever and continue to be healthy. "I suspect there are hundreds or even thousands of animals that have contributed to a single hamburger" (Taxue 2014).

One frequently-touted solution is the use of grass-fed or foraged beef, which is believed to be healthier for the consumer than beef finished unnaturally on corn to promote marbling. Grass-fed beef is leaner, is more likely to…. [read more]


Born to Be Big Term Paper

… Born to Be Big

Childhood obesity has become an epidemic. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the incidence has more than tripled in the last thirty years. Obese youth are more likely to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, bone and joint problems, and sleep apnea. Obese youth are more likely to suffer from social and psychological problems and they are at greater risk than youth of normal weight for becoming overweight or obese adults. Obese adults can suffer from many health problems, including osteoarthritis, heart disease, some types of cancer and Type 2 diabetes (CDC, 2010). Childhood obesity is a very serious matter.

Obesity adds to health care costs. Begley (2009) noted that over sixty percent of…. [read more]


Organic Agriculture, Gardening and Retail Term Paper

… Bioengineered products also are known to cause the naturally grown products to become sterile upon contact with the bioengineered imposter crops.

5. Support of local food is support of local farmers and their families: It is important that the farmers who are farming as their main occupation are supported in the community through patronization of the produce stand of the farmer.

6. Building Community: There exists a time-honored bond between the farmer or grower and the eater, the customer purchasing the produce as well as the other priceless benefits derived from speaking with a local farmer about his home grown produce.

7. Local food preserves open space: The increase in value of homegrown food lessens the chance of the farmland in the area being sold…. [read more]


Cocoa the Cacao Tree (Theobroma Term Paper

… Chocolate, as a food, is ingested primarily as a cocoa beverage or as chocolate used in a variety of confections and candies, desserts, snacks, and treats, such as chocolate bars, mixed with other candies, or coatings for ice cream bars -- among other uses. Chocolate syrup and toppings, mousses and puddings, and baked goods contain chocolate and cocoa butter but also may contain butterfat or other saturated fat (tropical vegetable oils), so it is therefore important to read the labels to acquire a true list of the ingredients.

The United States leads the world in import and production of chocolate candy. The population consuming, on average, 10 lb of products per person, approximately one-third of which are chocolate. The highest percentage of consumption occurs in…. [read more]


Contrast Organic Fruits and Vegetables to Conventional Term Paper

… Organic Fruits & Vegetables vs. Regular Fruits & Vegetables

Organic farming and organic produce sales have been increasing at a dramatic pace over the last decade. Organic foods are those that are grown without the use of pesticides, hormones, or synthetic fertilizers and are grown on farms that develop their growing techniques around soil and water conservation (United States Department of Agriculture). Though the research about organic produce and official guidelines for the organic qualification are still relatively new, new eye-opening research on the topic is published on a frequent basis. Overall organic farming is far more beneficial to our natural resources, and organic food and produce is not only better tasting, but healthier as well.

To grow a better product, you have to start…. [read more]


Genetic Engineering Is a Tool Term Paper

… Today there are more than 300 restriction enzymes and the list ever continues to grow. Each of these restriction enzymes precisely identify and target particular DNA bases. When treated with DNA the restriction enzymes scan through the DNA strands and identify the specific sequence bases and cut through them. This opening makes possible the insertion of the human gene. This Plasmid-human gene combination is what is called as the recombinant Molecule. There is one more step to be done after the recombinant DNA is introduced into the bacteria. This is to make the bacteria express the newly introduced gene. This is achieved by tagging the bacterial control regions to the human gene. Then the bacteria pickup the signal and create the mRNA. [Chhatwal G.R, 1998,…. [read more]


Hunting Native American Hunting Rights Essay

… Hunting

Native American hunting rights are a contentious issue in American politics. Often Native American hunting practices conflict directly with the practice of preserving wilderness areas in federal lands. Hunting is the most innate and natural method of acquiring meat. Yet American agricultural practices have transformed the model of eating animal products. Instead of hunting for animals in small-scale meat production for community subsistence, agro-business has taken over the land. Agro-business meats are far less ethically produced than meat that has been hunted, given that the latter refers to wild animals or animals raised in controlled environments, whereas the former refers to animals in captivity, confined inhumanely, and injected with hormones. In The Omnivore's Dilemma, Michael Pollan exposes many of the nefarious practices of the…. [read more]


Positive and Negative Impacts Essay

… (Surhan, 2002)

It is quite evident that genetic engineering has various pros and cons. We should be careful that the moral issues related to the genetic engineering shall be given more priority rather than the constructive and economic issues. The developed countries should also try to have a control on the activities of this field so that they might not get hazardous for the society and the environment. (Surhan, 2002)

Cloning

The world was surprised to see the cloning of a sheep from a single cell of an adult sheep. In this process of cloning an adult mammal's nucleus (of a cell) is inserted into an enucleated ovum. As a result an embryo develops which completes the genetic code from which the nucleus that was…. [read more]


Ben and Jerry's: A Strategic Essay

… The vanilla extract in Ben & Jerry's Smooth Vanilla and Chocolate Macadamia ice cream produced globally is made with Fair Trade/Fairtrade vanilla beans from farmers in India, Indonesia, Uganda, and elsewhere.

Ben & Jerry's Chunky Monkey® ice cream produced for the European market is made with Ecuadorian-grown and Fairtrade bananas from El Guabo Cooperative.

The cocoa powder in Ben & Jerry's Smooth Chocolate ice cream in the U.S. And Chocolate Macadamia ice cream around the world, and in the chunks and coatings for our European flavors Chunky Monkey® and Vanilla Toffee Crunch are Fair Trade/Fairtrade Certified, from cooperatives in the Dominican Republic and West Africa.

As it says right on the pint, all Ben & Jerry's Fairtrade flavors produced for the European market are made…. [read more]


Wild Species Term Paper

… Wild species and the people, who depend on them, are being increasingly at risk, since the diversity of nature is disturbed and ecosystems are being degraded and fragmented. By means of changes that would be created artificially, the delicate balance of our ecosystem would be upset as a result of introducing genetically engineered species For example, in the production of ethanol, a genetically engineered bacterium, had been developed, which produced residues. This resulted in making the land infertile. On this soil new corn crops were planted, which after growing for three inches tall had later fallen dead. When the plants, which are genetically engineered, germinate, birds, bees, and winds help in creating new species by carrying them into the neighboring fields and even further. The…. [read more]


Anthropology Review and Critique: Gender Term Paper

… This again is the value of a book like this, giving worldly cultural perspective and knowledge to the student who lives in America.

NUMBER THREE: Articles dealing with male gender roles.

The essay by Gilbert H. Herdt discusses the role of males in the fascinating Third World culture of the Sambia mountain people in Papua New Guinea ("Rituals of Manhood: Male Initiation in Paupa New Guinea). Boys are removed from the nuclear family in the Sambia culture at seven to ten years of age, and kept in a "men's clubhouse" until marriage - because, as Herdt writes, "strict taboos based on beliefs about menstrual pollution" still keep boys and girls separate.

The uninitiated Westerner might, upon reading about "menstrual pollution," say well, don't these primitive…. [read more]

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