Viewing papers 1-16 of 16 for how AND individuals AND that AND hear AND voices AND and AND therapists AND relate AND with AND the AND experience AND of AND hearing AND voices

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How Individuals That Hear Voices and Therapists Relate With the Experience of Hearing Term Paper

… Hearing Voices, Patients/Therapists

In an issue that aimed to reconsider the contributions that phenomenology offers to the practice of clinical psychology, Davidson outlined the ways in which transcendental psychology reconceptualized both research and clinical practice. One of the things he attempted to do in his investigation was to bring 'suspicious' events, such as hearing voices (auditory hallucinations) into a more mainstream setting, one in which a "phenomenology of respect" held the high ground. Davidson was not attempting to convince anyone that the heard voices were real; rather, "by virtue of the phenomenological reduction, to suggest that people who hallucinate actually ("really") do have experiences of hallucinations. Hearing a voice when no one else is around is an actual experience just like any other" (2004, p.…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

Jungian Phenomenology and Police Training the Methodologies Term Paper

… Jungian Phenomenology and Police Training

The methodologies selected for this study were the meta-synthesis approach developed by Noblit and Hare (1988) and a content analysis technique described by Neuman (2003) and others. The meta-synthesis approach allows researchers to draw broad substantive interpretations from various sources. According to York (1994), the meta-synthesis technique is a type of research that "systematically compares studies in order to interpret meaning, to clarify research foci, and to resolve existing substantive, methodological, or interpretive problems" (p. xiii). This approach allows the researcher to "compare and analyze text, creating new interpretations in the process" (Noblit & Hare, 1988, p. 9).

The seven-step process used in the meta-synthesis methodology developed by Noblit and Hare is set forth in Table 1 below.

Table 1.…. [read more]

Treatment of Women Diagnosed With Dysthymia Term Paper

… Treatment of Women Diagnosed With Dysthymia

This proposal for a clinical case study of the treatment of a woman diagnosed with dysthymia employs a cognitive behavioral approach to identifying effective treatment modalities for patients with depressive disorders. In cognitive behavioral sessions, psychotherapists seek to help a patient identify his or her harmful thinking patterns in order to develop better coping strategies and social skills. The focus of the research in this study is on how people in general think, behave, and communicate in the present rather than on their early childhood experiences.

Proposal for a Clinical Case Study Dissertation - Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology

Chapter One. Introduction

Statement of the Problem



Chapter Two: Review of the Relevant Literature

Background and Overview…. [read more]

Music on Vocabulary Competence, Writing Thesis

… According to Medina (1993) use of music is a sure way of teaching and has been proven to foster language acquisition and production. Music assists English language learners thereby making them more successful in acquisition (Jalongo & Bromley, 1984). They assert in the article Developing Linguistic Competence through Song that it is ideal in introduction of new words, cultural aspects as well as accents. This makes it a useful instructional tool in an English class room. Music contains language that is natural, easy to acquire and enjoyable, it can, therefore, be selected to suit particular needs and interest of learners, such as relating the lyrics to everyday real life situation.

Music has the ability to offer enjoyable communication including listening and vocabulary practice. In the…. [read more]

Plays of British Dramatist, Pam Gems Dissertation

… Edith once engages two marines she meets in a pub in a menage a trois; it is possible, that the bartender formed the fourth of this group. There is no indication that Edith is particularly gifted in the art of making love. She just makes her self available as a willing sexual partner. Except with Marcel Cedran, the married boxer, Edith manages to dissociate physical pleasure from any emotional foundations. With Marcel, Edith is truly in love. But this union is not to be. Anecdotes abound, that Edith's jealous sister informs Marcel's wife of her husband's "philandering." Edith's sexual proclivities and escapades are not a manifestation of her femaleness. Her sexual nature transcends gender. It is a flaw in most superstars. In Edith's case, particularly,…. [read more]

Dissociative Disorders Term Paper

… Dissociative Disorders

In psychopathology, we deal with the study of various mental illness or mental distress. That illness can be "the manifestation of behaviours and experiences which may be indicative of mental illness of psychological impairment" (Wikipedia: 2008). In this field of study, medical professionals such as psychiatrists, neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, and clinical psychologists are commonly involved in the treatment of mental-related illness.

Even in the early times, mental illness is often referred to as being possessed by evil spirits. This is because of the unnatural, somewhat strange and weird behavior shown by the person inflected with the disease. The only way to help the persons suffering from mental illness during those days was to torture them in an attempt to drive out the demon. Other…. [read more]

Abnormal Psychology Many Women Essay

… This lingering anxiety may have an effect on the clinicians' behavior towards the patients and even other people in they are in contact with in their daily practice. This anxiety may also affect how effective these clinicians are in their work.

First the lingering anxiety affects how the clinicians relate and behave towards the patients and people around them. They tend to develop a withdrawal behavior towards other patients and other people in general. They will tend to live a sedentary lifestyle with fear of recurrent attacks by patients taking place. So they will tend to withdraw themselves and associate less with the patients and other people since they fear being attacked again. The clinicians may also turn to the use of stimulants and other…. [read more]

Spiritual Intelligence and the Intuitive Thought Processes Research Proposal

… Spiritual Intelligence and the Intuitive Thought Processes

The terms 'spiritual intelligence 'is one that has raised a certain amount of debate not only in metaphysics and theology but also in the educational and didactics arena. While this term has been referred to in contemporary literature as an extension of Gardner's theory of intelligence, it has also been referred to in other research dealing with more mystical and esoteric notions of the meaning of spirituality.

Intuition and the intuitive process have an equally broad range of reference and source data. The meaning of intuition is closely linked to the idea of spiritual intelligence. Both spiritual and intuition are terms that are used to describe essentially non-rational experience or experiences that cannot be empirically verified. The intuitive…. [read more]

Observations: ASD Term Paper

… Clinical Journal Observation Entries: Autism and Related Disorders

Today, I spent time with a boy named A.L.A.L has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although A.L. is verbal, he has many difficulties with social interactions. He never initiates play-related activities with other students. Most of his play is focused on repetitive actions, such as lining up a series of Hot Wheels cars according to color and shape. He will speak if questioned, but only monosyllabically. Also, his responses frequently do not make sense or reflect any real listening skills. For example, when I saw him playing with the cars, I asked him what was his favorite car and he merely replied "yes." A.L. was not aggressive or hostile; when other children walked over to…. [read more]

Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)

One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]

Personalized Induction Is Effective Essay

… This indicates that the establishment of a good rapport with the client is integral in the opening up of more pathways into their subconscious.

The personalizing of an induction may be due to the fact that the permissive technique may never be beneficial when employed for weight loss as well as smoking cessation. The other reason for personalizing hypnosis is that the preferences of the clients are ever changing.


The statement "A personalized induction will always be more effective." is therefore true since each and every client deserves to be taken through their treatment as an individuals and with their specific needs and response being taken into account. This is crucial for achieving better outcome


Banyan, C.D., & G.F. Kein (2001). Hypnosis and…. [read more]

Servant Leadership in a Conflicted Church Thesis

Applying Servant Leadership within a Conflicted Church: The Project as an Act of Ministry

My church, the South Iowa Chapel, like many modern churches, is a church in conflict. Conflicted churches are problematic because they drive parishioners away from the church, and, possibly, away from Christ. Conflict in a church can also be a difficult situation to remedy, because of the different personality types and leadership styles of people involved in the church. However, I feel that a significant part of the problem is that people are using traditional leadership styles in church. Jesus Christ was not a traditional leader. On the contrary, He was the epitome of a servant leader, one who leads through service to others. Obviously, He did a wonderful job leading…. [read more]

Cognitive Counseling Research Proposal

… Cognitive Counseling

This is a template and guideline ONLY. Please do not turn in as final paper.

What is It?

Cognitive counseling, as defined by most of the experts in the field, consists of a therapy which emphasizes observing and managing a person's thought patterns. It focuses on decreasing negative thinking to the point that the basic thought patterns change to result in more positive feelings. The therapy also attempts to alter the "tone of voice" the individual uses for thinking.

That our thoughts are bonded to our emotions or feelings is the basis of cognitive therapy. There are four defined cognitive therapies: Cognitive-Behavioral, Rational-Emotive, Reality, and Transactional Analysis. Counselors in these fields help patients (or clients) to clarify their distorted thinking and to solve…. [read more]

Relationship Between Cognition and Language Development Learning New Words Term Paper

… Language and cognition is relatively new, given the fact that Jean Piaget only began his research the theories in the mid-1900s. Toward the end of the 1900s and more so now, increasing numbers of studies are being conducted to determine the relationship between language and cognition. As can be seen by the articles below, in many cases the rudiments of language development are started very early -- some even in the first few months of birth. Such studies are of interest to educators and parents, as well as those who are working toward the betterment of such illnesses as autism. Although much has been learned about the interrelationship of language and behavior, much still will not be determined until the study of the brain becomes…. [read more]

Special Education Teachers Term Paper

… The key element is the teachers' perception of threat (either this is self-imposed or imposed by others)." (Kyriacou, 1987).

Further, occupational stress that occurs at high levels leads to dissatisfaction, absenteeism, and ultimately turnover. Kyriacou & Sutcliffe concluded that the work conditions were the contribution factors to teacher dissatisfaction and leaving, rather than the experience of teaching itself. (Kyriacou & Sutcliffe, 1979). The work conditions referred to in this case include the combination of the wage structure and the job responsibilities and the inequities between the two.

Multiple studies have identified causes of teacher stress, identifying commonalities such as a high pupil to teacher ratio, limited pupil progress, unreasonable workload, role overload and role conflict, relationship issues with colleagues, a poor working environment, insufficient wages,…. [read more]

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